Quantum Gravity and String Theory

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[1252] viXra:1711.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-16 08:05:05

The Awareness Theory of Everything

Authors: Nathan Hamaoui
Comments: 9 Pages. an original theory of everything, copyrighted in referenced book by same author

This paper presents a unique ‘Theory of Everything’ that starts from the bottom up – building the universe from almost scratch. It then proceeds to define and map basic physical concepts including time and space. Viewed from this theory’s perspective, many currently axiomatic and paradoxical phenomena make natural sense.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1251] viXra:1711.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-16 13:47:53

Neutrino Phases and the CKM Matrix

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Brannen circulants extend Koide’s rule for the charged leptons to the neutrinos. Assuming Koide’s rule is correct, we look at the deviation from 2/9 in the lepton phase, noting a striking correspondence with the CKM Euler angles. An estimate for the fine structure constant is included.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1250] viXra:1711.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 06:12:59

Quantum Gravity and Neutrinos

Authors: Jeremiah Johnson
Comments: 8 Pages.

Examining the relationship between solar neutrino flux and gravity finds they correlate by $\frac{(2\mathit{GM})}{\varrho _t}=c^2\ell _P t$ where $\varrho _t$ are neutrinos produced per t time, c is the speed of light in a vacuum, and is Planck's length. The correlation finds a match to within 0.74% of modern standard solar models and 0.63% of solar neutrino measured values(well within the margin of error). I also consider how this simplifies the Schwarzschild radius and the ramifications of this model on gravitational time dilation. Lastly, I consider how the relation between neutrinos and gravity may help unravel the positive cosmological constant and Supernova behavior.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1249] viXra:1711.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-12 16:44:05

Calculating Mass of Higgs Boson, and Complex (Imaginary?) Higgs Boson Mass Changed to Real Mass in Electro-Weak Era

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 25 Pages.

We obtain a polynomial based iterative solution for early universe creation of the Higgs boson mass, using a polynomial with the coefficients for derived through integral formulations with the mass of a Higgs boson, and the construction of the coefficients derived as of the using a potential system, for the Higgs, largely similar to the Peskin and Schroeder quantum field theoretic treatment for a Higgs potential. Afterwards, we examine if mass may have complex number and possibly imaginary values, with attendant description of consequences in the electroweak regime of space-time. We end with a description of Imaginary mass becoming Real in Electroweak, with resultant consequences for DM discussed in the last section with explicit construction of space-time bubbles nucleated due to imaginary mass of Higgs becoming real, as a contributing source of GW radiation in Electroweak era
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1248] viXra:1711.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-11 17:44:40

Elementary Forces and Particles Correlating with Ordinary Matter, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper discusses and applies a basis for modeling elementary forces and particles. We show that models based on isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators describe aspects of the four traditional fundamental physics forces and point to some known and possible elementary particles. We summarize results from models based on solutions to equations featuring isotropic pairs of isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators. Results include predictions for new elementary particles and possible descriptions of dark matter and dark energy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1247] viXra:1711.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-05 03:05:12

On Dark Energy and the Relativistic Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 14 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

Recently, solutions to the $nonlinear$ Bohm-Poisson (BP) equation were found with relevant cosmological applications. We were able to obtain an exact analytical expression for the observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. In this work we provide further results which include two possible extensions of the Bohm-Poisson equation to the full relativistic regime; explain how Bohm's quantum potential in four-dimensions could be re-interpreted as a gravitational potential in five-dimensions, and which explains why the presence of dark energy/dark matter in our $4D$ spacetime can only be inferred $indirectly$, but not be detected/observed directly. We conclude with some comments about the Dirac-Eddington large numbers coincidences.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1246] viXra:1711.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 03:29:57

Special Theory of Relativity in the Theory of Emergent Space-Time-Matter (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 5 Pages.

The derivation of Lorentz transformations is shown in the theory of emergent space-time-matter. A new interpretation of the Lorentz transformations and special theory of relativity is given.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1245] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 14:54:45

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 6 Pages.

The observationally successful FRW cosmology of Riofrio provides a viable alternative to LCDM. In this context we study neutrinos in quantum gravity using McCulloch’s approach to quantum inertia. There is no dark energy and no dark matter, and mirror states are informationally connected to the CMB. Quantitative consequences include (i) a present day CMB temperature of 2.75K and (ii) an effective sterile neutrino mass of 1.29eV.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1244] viXra:1711.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 08:38:53

Speed of Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Recent gravitational wave detections have allowed physicists to confirm with greater and greater precision what Einstein predicted over 100 years ago in the theory of general relativity: that gravity does not act instantaneously as Newton thought, but instead propagates at the speed of light. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1243] viXra:1710.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 23:11:27

All of Geometry.

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper, I want to conclude that elementary particles are topological objects of the geometric nature of the three-dimensional gravity of Chern Simons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1242] viXra:1710.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-31 11:06:27

Higher Derivative Relativistic Quantum Gravity

Authors: S.A. Larin
Comments: 7 Pages.

Relativistic quantum gravity with the action including tems quadratic in the curvature tensor is analyzed. We derive new expressions for the crresponding Lagrangian and the graviton propagator. We argue that the considered model is a good candidate for the fundamental quantum theory of gravitation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1241] viXra:1710.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-28 15:57:17

Black Hole Entropy Leads to the Non-Local Grid Dimensions Theory

Authors: Eran sinbar, Yoav Weinstein, Gabriel Sinbar
Comments: 12 Pages.

Based on Prof. Bekenstein and Prof. Hawking, the black hole maximal entropy , the maximum amount of information that a black hole can absorb, beyond its event horizon is proportional to the area of its event horizon divided by quantized area units, in the scale of Planck area (the square of Planck length).[1] This quantization in entropy and information in the quantized units of Planck area leads us to the assumption that space is not “smooth” but rather divided into quantized units (“space cells”). Although the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy equation describes a specific case regarding the quantization of the 2D event horizon, this idea can be generalized to the standard 3 dimension (3D) flat space, outside and far away from the black hole’s event horizon. In this general case we assume that these quantized units of space are 3D quantized space “cells” in the scale of Planck length in each of its 3 dimensions. If this is truly the case and the universe fabric of space is quantized to local 3D space cells in the magnitude size of Planck length scale in each dimension, than we assume that there must be extra non-local space dimensions situated in the non-local bordering’s of these 3D space cells since there must be something dividing space into these quantized space cells. Our assumption is that these bordering’s are extra non local dimensions which we named as the “GRID” (or grid) extra dimensions, since they look like a non-local 3D grid bordering of the local 3D space cells. These non-local grid dimensions are responsible for all unexplained non-local phenomena’s like the well-known non-local entanglement or in the phrase of Albert Einstein “spooky action at a distance” [2].So by proving that space-time is quantized we prove the existence of the non-local grid dimension that divides space-time to these quantized 3D Planck scale cells.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1240] viXra:1710.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-25 15:37:57

The Most Important Nobel Prize, for Gravitational Waves Detection, the Biggest Fraud in Science

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 83 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Gravitational waves are carried by gravitons” Adrian Ferent “The Gravitational waves have their energy contained in gravitons” . Adrian Ferent “Gravitons have negative energy E = a × f and the speed higher than the speed of light” Adrian Ferent Gravitons are the carriers of the gravitational interactions at quantum level in my theory of quantized gravity. Einstein did not receive the Nobel Prize for his wrong gravitation theory, but they received the Nobel Prize for the gravitational waves, predicted by Einstein’s wrong theory. Einstein did not understand quantum gravity. Ferent quantum gravity theory is the right gravitation theory. For Einstein, Gravitational waves are ripples in the curvature of spacetime that propagate as waves with the speed of light. “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the time, Ferent unbent the time” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent “LIGO is the biggest fraud in science” Adrian Ferent “In the last 100 years nobody discovered 1 meter of curved space” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1239] viXra:1710.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-26 12:45:01

The Foundations of Science: Preliminary Outline

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 30 Pages.

outline of book project
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1238] viXra:1710.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-26 15:37:08

The Foundations of Science: Preliminary Draft.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 32 Pages.

preliminary version of a book about foundations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1237] viXra:1710.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-23 20:53:44

Wavelength of Bright Line Spectrum from Hydrogen

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 7 Pages.

The wavelength of the bright line spectrum of light from a hydrogen atom is explained by Niels Henrik David Bohr's hydrogen atom model. But, I assumed that "the energy and momentum of a photon " were equal to "electronic kinetic energy", in the unique way from Bohr's hydrogen atom model, and it was confirmed that the wavelengths of the bright line spectrums of light from a hydrogen atom were calculated correctly. This thing means that electronic kinetic energy becomes a photon being separated from an electron. Moreover, it means that the direction and velocity of a traveling photon is different from well-known ones of light which is generally admitted.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1236] viXra:1710.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-24 01:42:13

Novel Remarks on the Cosmological Constant, the Bohm-Poisson Equation and Asymptotic Safety in Quantum Gravity

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 9 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

Recently, solutions to the $nonlinear$ Bohm-Poisson equation were found [2] with cosmological applications. We were able to obtain a value for the vacuum energy density of the same order of magnitude as the extremely small observed vacuum energy density, and explained the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. In this work we show how to obtain a value for the vacuum energy density which coincides $exactly$ with the extremely small observed vacuum energy density. This construction allows also to borrow the results over the past two decades pertaining the study of the Renormalization Group (RG) within the context of Weinberg's Asymptotic Safety scenario. The RG flow behavior of $ G $ shows that $ G $ $increases$ with distance, so that the magnitude of the repulsive force exemplified by $ - G < 0 $ becomes larger, and larger, as the universe expands. This is what is observed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1235] viXra:1710.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-23 04:19:04

Kilonova Merger Black Holes as the Origin of Dark Matter Black Hole Halo Population.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 36 Pages.

Small KiloNova Merger Black Holes could be the origin of micro lensing Dark Matter Micro QSO Galaxy Halo population and 511 KeV Halo point sources. Halton Arp was the first astronomer who observed accelerating QSO objects ( Quasi Stellar Objects or Quasars) out of the galaxy into the halo sphere. Now we suggest (according to Quantum FFF Theory) that dark matter is the same as black holes small or large , which are assumed to accelerate away from local gravity centers just as observed by H.Arp. At the same time it is assumed that the dark matter structure of the galaxy halo is mainly based on small black holes formed by Neutron star mergers. Reason to search for so called gravitational micro QSO lensing events in the MW halo also called MACHO, Masco or Salco. A second Halo postulation, is that the Big Bang was the evaporation and splitting of a former Big Crunch black hole nucleus of compressed Axion Higgs particles. This Big Crunch real particle based nucleus created the oscillating Axion /Higgs field vacuum lattice and numerous chunky nuclei of massive dark matter black holes. The oscillating vacuum Lattice is supposed to represent a dynamic reference frame of flux tubes, and the so called Dark Energy or Zero Point Energy acting as the motor for all Fermion spin and as the transfer medium for all photon information, leading to local lightspeed and local time. The local lattice length is called Planck length, which is assumed to vary dependent on the distance to local vacuum absorbers in the form of black hole nuclei, which grow continuously, in contrast with the so called Hawking evaporation of black holes. The energetic vacuum lattice is also assumed to act as a Gravity Quantum Dipole Repeller because gravitons are not supposed to attract- but repel Fermions, however with less impulse than the vacuum dark energy particles. As a consequence, Feynman diagrams become more complex than before
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1234] viXra:1710.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-18 04:43:32

An Elegant Solution to the Cosmological Constant Problem based on The Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 5 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

After applying the recently proposed Bohm-Poisson equation [1] to the observable Universe as a $whole$, and by introducing an ultraviolet (Planck) and infrared (Hubble) scale, one can naturally obtain a value for the vacuum energy density of the $same$ $magnitude$ as the extremely small observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. Because Bohm's formulation of QM is by construction non-local, it is this non-locality which casts light into the crucial ultraviolet/infrared entanglement of the Planck/Hubble scales which was required in order to obtain the observed value of the vacuum energy density.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1233] viXra:1710.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-18 11:28:03

Nuclear Quantum Gravity – A First Review

Authors: U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana
Comments: 14 Pages. Prespacetime Journal. (2017). 8(6): 777-791.

To have a unified model of nuclear quantum gravity, it seems quite reasonable to consider a large nuclear gravitational constant, $G_s \cong 3.3\pm 0.03 times 10^{28}$ $m^3/kg/sec^2$. In this context, we show practical applications pertaining to micro physics as well as macro physics. We would like to suggest that: (1) $G_s$ plays a crucial role in understanding quantum theory of light, photoelectric work functions, superconductivity, nuclear binding energy, nuclear root mean square charge radii, neutron-proton mass difference, nuclear stability, nuclear magnetic dipole moments, weak coupling angle, Fermi’s weak coupling constant, proton melting point and total energy of electron in Hydrogen atom etc.; (2) Nuclear binding energy can be understood with a single energy coefficient of magnitude 10 MeV. (3) Newtonian gravitational constant $G_N$ and the proposed $G_s$ play a joint role in understanding neutron star mass generation as well as proton mass generation; and (4) Considering $G_s$ as a characteristic feature of magnetism, celestial bodies ‘mass dependent’ magnetic dipole moments can be estimated.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1232] viXra:1710.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-15 13:08:02

Inertia

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 2 Pages.

We consider how inertia appears in the theory of emergent space-time-matter. The phenomenon of inertia is explained for the case of the presence of reflection symmetry (parity) in the wave function. This symmetry is broken only in weak interactions. For the case of weak interaction, there is no explanation for inertia, but there is an assumption that the development of a mathematical model based on the construction of universes from the field of the Metauniverse will justify the inertia for such a case.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1231] viXra:1710.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-17 05:55:47

Projection Gravitation, a Projection Force from 5-Dimensional Space-Time Into 4-Dimensional Space-Time

Authors: XiaoLin Li
Comments: 30 Pages.

A new gravity theory. Gravity is a projection force from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The Lorentz symmetry is a projection of particle-wave symmetry from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The gravity is an additional projection force of Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity is an extension to Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity can be seen as some kind of symmetry. Gravity only exists in 4-dimensional space-time. In 5-dimensional space-time, there not have gravity. Equivalence principle is invalid in the new gravitation. In the new gravitation, there does not have gravitational acceleration. In the new gravitation, there only have inertial coordinates, not have non-inertial coordinates. In the new gravitation, the gravity source is only the rest mass, not energy. The particle can’t be the gravity source if the particle not has rest mass. The photon not has gravity. But any particle can be affected by gravity. The photon is affected by gravity also. The gravitational mass is only equivalent to the rest mass. Under approximate weak gravity and approximate circular orbit condition, the new gravitation is equivalent to the General Relativity. The four classic experimental tests, the deflection of light by the sun, the precession of mercury, the red shift of light by the sun, the radar echo delay, are experimental tests to the new gravitation also. But even under approximate weak gravity condition, if the orbit is not approximate circular, if the orbit has higher eccentricity, there exists obvious difference between the General Relativity and the new gravitation. This difference can be a experimental test to distinguish which one is more realistic. The space-time is flat in the new gravitation, not is curved. In the new gravitation, the energy is conserved. The new gravitation is simpler than the General Relativity. In the new gravitation, the photon’s equivalent gravitational acceleration is twice of the acceleration in Newton Gravitation. In the new gravitation, there not exists black hole, but exists empty hole, and not exists space-time singularity and energy singularity. The new gravity has obvious scale effect. The new gravity has the scale factor. In gravity field, the scale factor determines the quantization results of particle’s motion. The new gravity perhaps is a force that inhibits the uncertainty of macroscopic objects.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1230] viXra:1710.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-14 23:42:47

Space-Time's Broken Infinity

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 5 Pages.

This article was rejected by "Physical Review D" because it is "scientifically very far from the current state of knowledge in the field". Why do people (including scientists) avoid anything "scientifically very far from the current state of knowledge in the field"? Being far from the current state does not mean my article is incorrect. Depending on the extent of its accuracy, it offers either large or smaller opportunities for readers to make unanticipated advances in science. When his paper regarding mathematical formulas creating reality was submitted to a scientific journal and rejected as being too speculative, U.S. cosmologist Max Tegmark showed the rejection letter to his friend John Wheeler (1911-2008), a Princeton theoretical physicist. Wheeler rejected the rejection and said, “Extremely speculative? Bah!” Then he reminded Tegmark that some of the original papers on quantum mechanics were also considered extremely speculative. (p.2 of “Is the Universe Actually Made of Math?” By Adam Frank, Monday, June 16, 2008 - http://discovermagazine.com/2008/jul/16-is-the-universe-actually-made-of- math#.UQNDUR2-pFk Remembering Professor Wheeler ... This article begins with a well known astronomer and author saying "It now truly appears that the universe is infinite”. But how can the cosmos be infinite when general relativity says an infinite amount of energy would curve the universe to an infinitely small size, which obviously does not happen! The proposed solution refers to a problem physics had 120 years ago - a blackbody could release an infinite amount of energy, causing experiment and theory to diverge radically in the ultraviolet spectrum. Max Planck's solution of dividing electromagnetic radiation into quanta (photons) is called upon, and the universe's infinity is "broken" into discrete units by suggesting it's composed of electronics' binary digits (since General Relativity taught us that time is curved and warped, the fantastic possibility exists that the 1's and 0's come from the far future of humanity). Whatever their origin, the binary digits are assembled, via references to science and maths, into two-dimensional Möbius strips and then four-dimensional figure-8 Klein bottles. This topological structure is given mass in parts through the coupling of the long-range gravitational and electromagnetic waves. Their interaction substitutes for the Higgs field, according to M. Tanabashi; M. Harada; K. Yamawaki. Nagoya 2006: "The Origin of Mass and Strong Coupling Gauge Theories". International Workshop on Strongly Coupled Gauge Theories. pp. 227–241). The strong and weak nuclear forces may also ultimately result from gravitational - electromagnetic coupling, making the nuclear forces non-fundamental. For a moment, let's allow our imaginations to fly ... while we simultaneously remain grounded in science. Suppose the 1's and 0's really do come from the far future of humanity. Could a future computer simulation of the universe that uses mathematics' boundary-less, so-called Imaginary Time cause the simulation to be eternal, infinite, and indistinguishable from this "real" universe? (The lack of boundaries would also avoid Relativity's breaking down at the scale of quantum mechanics, thus introducing the graviton and the theory of Quantum Gravity.) This outcome involving so-called Imaginary Time (I.T. might be a better name) is plausible. Professor Itzhak Bars of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles says, "one whole dimension of time and another of space have until now gone entirely unnoticed by us".
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1229] viXra:1710.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-11 05:04:24

Grand Unification of 4 Forces According to the Quantum FFF Model by di-Monopole Repeller Rigid String Pressure.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 33 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, ( Function Follows Form at the quantum scale) Mass is the potency of rigid string based Fermions and Bosons, to produce and radiate Gravitons by the collision process, between mass less but energetic oscillating transformable Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and.. more complex shaped compound Fermions or Bosons (W + Z+Higgs family). Gravity is assumed to be the statistical result of local dual opposing graviton pressure (instead of attraction) with opposing Axion Higgs field particles on fermions. A recent example of local vacuum pressure duality is called “Dipole Repeller” gravity by Yehuda Hoffman also suggested partly in line as Emergent Gravity by E. Verlinde. More extended loops or "arms" of each rigid string particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons photons per Planck time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a reduced pressure force in opposition to the vacuum pressure of the Axion Higgs field.. Black holes do not radiate gravitons but “eat” the local vacuum particles leading to a single repeller effect on the growing Black hole nucleus. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long as they do not collide with fermions or bosons. The new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot of Axion Higgs particles, compressed together by the inflow of vacuum particles. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus . In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a real propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local space time creating vacuum lattice. Bosons without a propeller shape ( Higgs and Z ) including black hole nuclei, seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1228] viXra:1710.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-08 04:41:56

Hubble's Law and Antigravity Higgs Boson and Gravity

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 27 Pages.

The theory of dynamic space has been conceived and written by Professor Physicist Naoum Gosdas, inspired from the principle of antithesis (opposition), because of which all natural phenomena are created. These phenomena are derived from the unique absolute dynamic space, which is structured with the fundamental elements, namely the dimension or distance or length, the elementary electric charges (units) and the forces, according to the principle of antithesis. However, due to the finite dimensions of the Universe and the opposition between existence (the Universe) and nonexistence (non space), a spherical deformity of the space occurred, which has created the equality of the peripheral and radial cohesive forces (Universal symmetry) and the Universal antigravity force, whereby the Hubble's Law is proved. The breaking of the above Universal symmetry, close to the Universe center, causes the Genesis of the primary form of matter, the first grand Cosmic event of Universe. The gravitational mass of the particle is defined as a stretching of the dynamic space by the core vacuum (Higgs boson) of the particle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1227] viXra:1710.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-07 17:20:09

Quantum Versus Classical Nature of the Early Universe and Its Consequences (Entanglement?)

Authors: Andrew Beckwith, Stepan Moskaliuk
Comments: 56 Pages. 2nd paper submitted as a conference proceedings paper for the Bogoliubov astroparticle and quantum foundations conference, in Kiev, Ukraine, September 2017

We look at early universe space-time which is characterized by a transition from Pre Planckian to Planckian space-time. In doing so we also invoke the geometry of Octonionic non commutative structure and when it breaks down as a trigger point for the release of entropy. Following Lloyd, as to entropy production with 1 count of entropy linked to one graviton via Ng Infinite quantum statistics, and we follow up on this modeling of entropy production by examining if we can relate the presumed graviton production with the behavior of Planck sized mini black holes, in the early phases of cosmological expansion. This analysis is in tandem with considerations as to what is essential as to accessing the quantum versus classical nature of the early universe, with the above listed as consequences. We close with the 2nd half of our work which is reviewing relic gravitons, and their role in presumed entanglement from a prior universe construction to the present universe, possibly for the unification of physical law, from cycle to cycle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1226] viXra:1710.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-06 06:23:54

Emergent Gravity by Dipole Repeller Rigid String Pressure the Origin of Quantum Gravity and Non Inertial Black Holes.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 29 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, mass is the potency of rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons to be produced by the collision process, between mass less ring shaped Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons also called Dipole Repeller gravity or Emergent Gravity. More extended loops or "arms" of each rigid string particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons or other electromagnetic monopole photons per time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a reduced pressure force in opposition to the vacuum pressure of the Axion Higgs field.. So, Gravity can be described as the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. Emergent gravity as proposed by E.Verlinde and Dipole Rrepeller gravity by Yehuda Hoffman, are in line with this assumption. Non inertial black hole effects are the other side of the coin.. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long no fermion or boson comes too close. So if the new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot then there is no graviton production supposed. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus and the result of the Casimir absorption effect of the vacuum by the black hole nucleus. At the same time, gravitons are not leaving the black hole at all. In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local spacetime creating vacuum lattice. Conclusion Bosons (Higgs, W and Z particles) seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice. The LHC could perhaps be able to show this anti inertial mass effect created by the solar reference frame or solar LASOF ( Local Oscillating vacuum Frame).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1225] viXra:1710.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-03 08:50:43

Quantizing Einstein Field Equations :The Hadrons Expansion Lattice Represent the Particles Behavior to Form Gravity

Authors: Yazzed T.Al-Harbi
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper we will show the provement of the hadrons existence mechanism. Its duo to the physical consequences of the spinning quarks and the color charge. When we simulate the supposed situation by mathematics we find that it's achieves the perfect understanding of the all physical interactions and all the mysteries of the particle physics with its measurements which proved experimentally.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1224] viXra:1710.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-03 11:14:12

Theory of Universal Origins

Authors: Romeo D. Matshaba
Comments: 43 Pages. first published and copyright by: International Journal of Recent Research in Physics and Chemical Sciences (IJRRPCS) Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp: (1-7), Month: April 2017 – September 2017,

About a century ago, Albert Einstein realized how the Theory of Newton's Universal Gravitation was inadequate to describe nature and needed to be revised in order to be neatly incorporated into the relativistic scheme with its undesirable instantaneous force shortcomings. Since then we have come to adopt the relativistic high energy tensor theory of General Relativity, which saw its inception into mainstream physics in the year 1916. General Relativity has stood firm against varied tests, such as: gravitational lensing, perihelion of mercury, gravitational time dilation, PSR1913+16 etc, but with the steady advancement of Quantum Mechanics, and its overwhelming experimental success, we are yet again faced with the same problem that was faced a century ago, but this time, the problem is much worse, and the elephant in the room is General Relativity. The fact that General relativity and Quantum mechanics, share different views in the description of space and time or space-time, with quantum mechanics in favor of the latter and general relativity of the former; does not allow one to have a smooth transition from one representation to the other. This automatically implies that for scenarios where both quantum mechanics and gravity / general relativity are required, then that scenario is unsolvable with our current model of physics (hence either General Relativity or Quantum Mechanics is flawed). It becomes clear from the microscopic realm of quantum mechanics and the cosmological problems associated with General Relativity, such as dark energy, dark matter, the inflation force... perhaps a bit closer to home for general relativity being the singularities inherent in its own equations, and the very nature of General Relativity, allowing mostly approximate solutions (reason why most physicist, even today still cling to Newtonian dynamics), because of this and more a new theory of gravity is required – the much anticipated “Quantum Gravity” – just as it was required those many years ago. In the theory that I propose, we will see how from the most basic concepts of quantum mechanics, a theory of gravity can emerge that has the power to not only be mathematically simpler than General Relativity, explain dark energy, dark matter and inflation without any ad-hoc mechanisms, but also have the power to unify all the forces of nature into a single unified theory of everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1223] viXra:1710.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-04 04:08:48

The New Physics Black Hole Nucleus: Gravity Without Inertial Mass Effects.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 28 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, Mass is the potency of Rigid strings, to produce Gravitons to be produced by the collision process, between mass less ring shaped Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons. More extended loops or "arms" of each particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons per time unit. Gravity , is the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. However, the ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length. So if the new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot then there is only few graviton production supposed. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus and the result of the Casimir absorption effect of the vacuum by the black hole nucleus. At the same time, the few gravitons are not able to leave the black hole at all. Thus less pushing graviton production means also less inertial mass effect.. In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum . Conclusion Bosons (Higgs, W and Z particles) seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice. The LHC could perhaps be able to show this anti inertial mass effect created by the solar reference frame or solar LASOF ( Local Oscillating vacuum Frame).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1222] viXra:1710.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-02 05:57:14

The 49 GeV Partner of the Higgs Boson

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 14 pages, including 12 figures

The quantum/classical connection, found in an analysis of dark energy as vacuum energy, maps the radii of celestial bodies onto specific mass scales in the quantum world. The sun, owing to its location in the middle of the Main Sequence, is associated with a rich phenomenology. While the radius of Jupiter maps onto the mass of the Higgs boson, the radius of the sun maps onto the mass (49.4 GeV) of a particle that is symmetrically opposed to the Higgs boson on the mass levels of the Planck Model and is coupled to the Standard Model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1221] viXra:1709.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-30 22:08:23

《Universal and Unified Field Theory》— 4. Graviton and General Dynamic Fields

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 4 Pages. The part 1, 2 and 3 are available at http://vixra.org/author/wei_xu

For the first time, Law of Conservation of Gravitation is discovered that consists of seven principles, including not only the wave-particle duality but also Graviton, Graviton Momentum, and Newton’s Law. In addition, a set of Gravitational Fields, known as weak fields, is concisely formulated to coexist with the fields of electromagnetism. Together, they represent the Generic Dynamic Fields, which define or establish a symmetric dynamic environment. As a major part of the unification, the two pairs of Quantum Fields give rise to and bring together Electromagnetic and Gravitational fields through the flux entanglements of conservation and continuity of photons and gravitons.

 


Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1220] viXra:1709.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-25 01:12:29

Emergent Time and Anthropic Principle (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 10 Pages.

Philosophy part of theory of emergent space-time-matter is discussed. It was shown that anthropic principle is direct consequence of emergent time. It was shown that conscience is epiphenomenon, but it is more fundamental than matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1219] viXra:1709.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-23 13:11:07

Common Description of Quantum Electromagnetism and Relativistic Gravitation

Authors: Jérémy Kerneis
Comments: 16 Pages.

We use 3 equations as postulates: Pem referring to electromagnetism, Pgrav referring to gravity, and Pqm referring to quantum mechanic and defining the wave function. Combining Pem with "Sommerfeld's quantum rules" corresponds to the original quantum theory of Hydrogen, which produces the correct relativistic energy levels of atoms (Sommerfeld's and Dirac's theories of matter produces the same energy levels, and Schrodinger's theory produces the approximation of those energy levels). Pqm implies that the wave function is solution of both Schrodinger's and Klein-Gordon's equations in the non interacting case while, in the interacting case it implies "Sommerfeld's quantum rules": Pem and Pqm then produce the correct relativistic energy levels of atoms (the same as Dirac's energy levels). We check that the required degeneracy is justified by pure deduction, without any other assumption (Schrodinger's theory only justifies one half of the degeneracy). We observe the connection between Pqm, Quantum Field Theories and tunnel effect. From Pgrav we deduce an equation of motion very similar to general relativity (with accuracy 10^{-6} at the surface of the Sun), our postulate being explicitly an approximation. First of all, we discuss classical Kepler problems (Newtonian motion of the Earth around the Sun), explain the link between Kelpler's law of periods (1619) and Plank's law (1900) and observe the links between all historical models of atoms (Bohr, Sommerfeld, Pauli, Schrodinger, Dirac, Fock).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1218] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-15 04:11:52

The Trouble with Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1217] viXra:1709.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 14:26:18

Quantum Gravity Without Additional Theory: Compatibility of Schwarzschild Metric and Quantum Mechanics

Authors: René Friedrich
Comments: Pages.

The current notion of spacetime is marked by three assumptions which are in contradiction to special relativity and to the Schwarzschild metric, and this is the reason why the quantization of spacetime cannot work. Instead, the key to quantum gravity is the limitation of the notion of spacetime to its actual role, by the means of three insights: 1. Spacetime is not continuous, in particular not in spacelike direction, and thus it cannot be quantized. 2. For the solution of fundamental problems of physics about time, we must consider the notion of proper time instead of the coordinate time of spacetime. 3. Gravitation may be represented by Schwarzschild metric not only as the curved spacetime, but alternatively also as gravitational time dilation in absolute, uncurved space. From these three insights are following the characteristics of quantum gravity. The result: Gravity appears within quantum mechanics in the form of gravitational time dilation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1216] viXra:1709.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 14:32:12

Gravité Quantique Sans Théorie Supplémentaire :La Compatibilité de la Métrique de Schwarzschild et de la Mécanique Quantique

Authors: René Friedrich
Comments: Pages.

La notion actuelle de l'espace-temps est marquée par trois présomptions qui ne sont pas compatibles avec les principes de la relativité restreinte et de la métrique de Schwarzschild, et c'est la raison pourquoi la quantification de l'espace-temps ne peut pas fonctionner. Pour arriver au but, il est important de limiter l'espace-temps à son véritable rôle, fondé sur trois conclusions : 1. L'espace-temps n'est pas continu, il n'y a notamment pas de continuité dans la direction genre espace, et pour cette raison toute tentative de sa quantification doit échouer. 2. Pour les problèmes fondamentaux de la physique par rapport au temps, il faut se baser sur la notion fondamentale du temps propre au lieu de la notion du temps coordonné de l'espace-temps. 3. La gravitation peut être représentée par la métrique de Schwarzschild non seulement sous forme d'espace-temps courbe, mais aussi sous la forme de la dilatation de temps gravitationnelle dans l'espace absolu, non courbé. A partir de ces trois conclusions il est possible de déduire les caractéristiques de la gravité quantique. Le résultat : La gravité agit dans la mécanique quantique en tant que dilatation de temps gravitationnelle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1215] viXra:1709.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 14:35:01

Quantengravitation Ohne Zusätzliche Theorien: Vereinbarkeit Von Schwarzschildmetrik Und Quantenmechanik

Authors: René Friedrich
Comments: Pages.

Der heutige Raumzeitbegriff wird von drei Annahmen geprägt, die im Widerspruch zur speziellen Relativitätstheorie und zur Schwarzschildmetrik stehen, und dies ist der Grund, warum eine Quantisierung der Raumzeit nicht funktionieren kann. Zum Ziel führt stattdessen die Beschränkung der Raumzeit auf ihre eigentliche Rolle, anhand von drei Erkenntnissen: 1. Die Raumzeit ist nicht stetig, insbesondere nicht in raumartiger Richtung, und daher nicht quantifizierbar. 2. Für fundamentale Probleme der Physik zum Thema Zeit muss man auf den fundamentaleren Begriff der Eigenzeit abstellen, nicht jedoch auf die Koordinatenzeit der Raumzeit. 3. Gravitation lässt sich von der Schwarzschildmetrik nicht nur in der gekrümmten Raumzeit darstellen, sondern auch als gravitative Zeitdilatation im absoluten, ungekrümmten Raum. Aus diesen drei Erkenntnissen ergeben sich die Merkmale der Quantengravitation. Das Ergebnis: Gravitation wirkt im absoluten Raum der Quantenmechanik als gravitative Zeitdilatation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1214] viXra:1709.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-10 18:47:03

Pre Octonionic to Octonionic Gravity and Could Kinetic Energy be Larger Than Potential Energy Before Inflation?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 16 Pages.

We look at early universe space-time which is characterized by a transition from Pre Planckian to Planckian space-time. In doing so we also invoke the geometry of Octonionic non-commutative structure and when it breaks down. Doing so is also equivalent to a speculation given earlier by the author as to the kinetic energy of Pre Planckian space-time being significantly larger than the Potential energy, which is the opposite of what happens after the onset of Inflation, with the assumption as to how this is justified given in a (Pre Planckian) Hubble Parameter set as of Eq. (16), and we close with a comparison of this proposal with string cosmology, as represented in the 2nd reference in this paper.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1213] viXra:1709.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-10 03:36:35

Our re Cyclic, re Bounce Matter Universe and Emergent Newtonian Gravity.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. You may rearrange the paper for better presentation.

Our observable universe is tiny compared to whole and Newtonian gravity is an emergent push force on matter by 750 proton mass fermion gravitons which is flowing , swirling and whirling along with gravitoetherton super fluid we call dark matter and dark energy .
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1212] viXra:1709.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-06 19:36:47

Using Barbour's Ephemeris Time, and Padmanabhan's Inflaton Value ,plus Will’s Massive Graviton Velocity to Isolate Rest Energy of Massive Graviton as Compared to Racetrack Inflation Results of Graviton Physics and Modified Wheeler De Witt Results of wo

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 27 Pages.

The idea is to identify via ephemeris time as given by Barbour and an inflaton field as given by Padmanabhan, for scale factor proportional to time to the alpha power and a velocity given by Will for massive gravitons, an initial energy for a massive graviton in space-time. The spatial values for the graviton production could be from the Planckian to Electro weak regime, with a nod to using a worm hole from a prior to a present universe as a delivery font for gravitational energy, as an information carrying bridge from prior universe 'information settings' to the present space-time. The number of Gravitons will be set as N, and the initial time, as a tie in with Barbour's ephemeris time, a constant times Planck time. In setting up the positions, as input into the positions and distributions of gravitons in our model, we will compare results as could be generated by Racetrack inflation, for presumed position of relic gravitons when just produced in the universe, as compared with results given by an adaptation of an argument presented by Crowell, in a modification of the Wheeler de Witt equation he gave germane to worm hole physics. In addition, with this presentation we will discuss entropy generation via graviton production. And compare that with semi classical arguments, as well as Brane – anti brane combinations. The idea will be to in all of this to re set the particulars of massive gravity in such a way as to revisit the outstanding problem of massive gravity: Its predictions do not match those of general relativity in the limit when a massive graviton mass approaches zero. In particular, while at small scales, Newton's gravitational law is recovered, the bending of light is only three quarters of the result Albert Einstein obtained in general relativity PACS 96.50.Ry, 98.80.-k, 98.80.Cq, 98.80.Bp
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1211] viXra:1709.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-05 08:31:55

The Theory of Quantum Gravity Without Divergenies and Calculation of Cosmological Constant

Authors: T. Christolyubov, M. Christolyubova
Comments: 10 Pages.

To construct quantum gravity we introduce the quantum gravity state as function of particle coordinates and functional of fields, We add metric as the new argument of state: $$ \Psi=\Psi(t,x_{1},...x_{n},\lbrace A^{\gamma}(x)\rbrace, \lbrace g_{\mu\nu}(x) \rbrace) $$ we calculate the cosmological constant assuming that the quantum state is a function of time and radius of universe (mini-superspace) $$ \Psi=\Psi(t,a) $$ To avoid infinities in the solutions, we substitute the usual equation for propagotor with initial value Cauchy problem, which has finite and unique solution, for example we substitute the equation for Dirac electron propagator $$ (\gamma^\mu p_\mu - mc)K(t,x,t_0,x_0)= \delta(\vec{x} - \vec{x_0})\delta(t-t_0) $$ which already has infinity at the start $t = t_0 $, with the initial value Cauchy problem $$ \begin{cases} (H - i \hbar\partial / \partial t)K(t,x,t_0,x_0)=0,\\ K(t,x,t_0,x_0) = \delta(\vec{x} - \vec{x_0}),\quad t=t_0, \end{cases} $$ which has finite and unique solution.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1210] viXra:1709.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-03 13:52:23

Time-Resolved Measurement of Internal Conversion Dynamics in Strong-Field Molecular Ionization

Authors: Vincent Tagliamonti, Brian Kaufman, Arthur Zhao, Tamás Rozgonyi, Philipp Marquetand, Thomas Weinacht
Comments: 8 Pages.

We time-resolve coupled electronic and nuclear dynamics during strong-field molecular ionization by measuring the momentum-resolved photoelectron yield as a function of pump-probe delay for a pair of strong-field laser pulses. The sub-10-fs pulses are generated using a specially designed ultrafast optical pulse shaper and the electrons are measured using velocity map imaging. Our measurements, in conjunction with calculations that solve the time-dependent Schrödinger equation, allow us to time-resolve resonance-enhanced strong-field ionization and break it down into three basic steps: (1) Stark-shifted resonant excitation of a high-lying neutral state of the molecule, (2) nonadiabatic dynamics (internal conversion) in which multiple electronic states are coupled, and (3) coupling to the continuum (ionization) http://learnrnd.com/detail.php?id=Biowarfare_and_Germwarfare
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1209] viXra:1709.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-03 14:46:25

Neutrino Mixing with Hopf Algebras

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 9 Pages.

Neutrino mixing in a spectral model for QFT employs the Bogoliubov transformation, which is a quantum Fourier transform. We look at the Hopf algebras in this setting, from a more motivic perspective. Experimental results for mixing are considered.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1208] viXra:1709.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-03 05:26:57

Was Polchinski Wrong? Colombeau Disributional Rindler Spacetime with Disributional Levi-Cività Connection Induced a Strong Vacuum Dominance. Unruh Effect Revisited

Authors: J. Foukzon, A. A. Potapov, E. R. Men’kova
Comments: 58 Pages.

The vacuum energy density of free scalar quantum field Φ in a Rindler distributional spacetime with distributional Levi-Cività connection is considered.It has been widely believed that, except in very extreme situations, the influence of acceleration on quantum fields should amount to just small, sub-dominant contributions. Here we argue that this belief is wrong by showing that in a Rindler distributional background spacetime with distributional Levi-Cività connection the vacuum energy of free quantum fields is forced, by the very same background distributional spacetime such a Rindler distributional background spacetime, to become dominant over any classical energy density component. This semiclassical gravity effect finds its roots in the singular behavior of quantum fields on a Rindler distributional spacetimes with distributional Levi-Cività connection. In particular we obtain that the vacuum fluctuations 〈2  has a singular behavior at a Rindler horizon   0 : 〈2~−4,  ≈ c2/a,a → . Therefore sufficiently strongly accelerated observer burns up near the Rindler horizon. Thus Polchinski’s account doesn’t violation of the Einstein equivalence principle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1207] viXra:1709.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-02 13:05:45

The Generation Mechanism of the Distortion of Space by Mass is Described in Figure.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 5 Pages.

In modern physics, understanding of gravity is perfectly understood by the general theory of relativity. By the general relativity and its gravitational equations, gravity is understood to be a distortion of the space around mass forming. The state of distortion in the space is perfectly explained by solving the gravitational equation. However, neither Newton nor Einstein's general relativity explains the cause that the space around the mass distorts, and the space is distorted by what kind of mechanism. The model of my hypothesis "particle pulsation principle" can explain the mechanism of the generation of gravity (distortion of space) in the figure.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1206] viXra:1709.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-01 21:47:40

Showing Fjortof’s Theorem Does not Applyfor Defining Instability for Early Universe Thermodynamic Potentials. Asking if Nucleated Particles Result At/befoe Electro-Weak Era Due to Injection of Matter-Energy at the Big Bang?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: Now sixteen pages, new appendix A, 5 pages, plus bridge eq (25) put in, page 7. In review for possible acceptance for JHEPGC< with Corda as lead editor>

This paper uses the “Fjortoft theorem” for defining necessary conditions for instability. The point is that it does not apply in the vicinity of the big bang. We apply this theorem to what is called by T. Padmanabhan a thermodynamic potential which becomes would be unstable if conditions for the applications of “Fjortoft’s theorem” hold. In our case, there is no instability, so a different mechanism has to be appealed to. In the case of vacuum nucleation, we argue that conditions exist for the nucleation of particles as of the electroweak regime. Due to injecting material from a node point, in spacetime. This regime of early universe creation, coexits with the failure of applications of “Fjortoft” theorem in such a way as to give necessary and sufficient conditons for matter creation, in a way similar to the Higgs Boson . .Key words: Fjortoft theorem, thermodynamic potential, matter creation, Higgs Boson.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1205] viXra:1709.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-01 00:17:59

Quantum Gravity and the Titius-Bode Rule

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 6 Pages.

Today, in the areas of theoretical foundation and experimental verification, there is great interest in the properties of a future Quantum Gravity. The ultimate goal of the present research is to contribute to the creation of a definitive, universally acceptable, theory of Quantum Gravity. In the present paper, the two hundred and fifty years of history of the empirical Titius-Bode rule is investigated, under the assumption that this rule is key evidence for a quantum feature in the already long-known classical gravity. Keywords: Titius-Bode rule, Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization, de Broglie matter wave, Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1204] viXra:1708.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-30 16:42:54

Do Physical Laws/ Physics Parameter Constants Remain Invariant from a Prior Universe, to the Present Universe?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 22 Pages. accepted by jhepgc, and Christian Corda for publication

The invariance of physical law between a prior to a present universe is brought up, as a continuation of analyzing entropy in today’s universe, and the relationship of entropy to information content in a prior universe. If or not there is enough information to preserve the amount of physical law also may play a role as to if or not additional dimensions for cosmological dynamics is necessary.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1203] viXra:1708.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-30 07:14:02

A Classical Relation of the Higgs Mechanism

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 9 pages, including 13 figures

Subatomic mass scales derived from the radii of the planets of the solar system, by way of the ‘quantum/classical connection’, lie on the mass/energy levels of the Planck Model. The geometric mean of the eight planetary radii maps onto the Higgs field vacuum expectation value (246 GeV), while the radius of Jupiter maps onto the mass of the Higgs boson (125 GeV). While Higgs field coupling constants derived from a ten-dimensional geometry relate particle masses to the expectation value of the field, coupling constants derived from the ten-dimensional geometry relate the planetary radii to the (geometric) mean planetary radius.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1202] viXra:1708.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-26 21:18:14

Energy Body Theory Opens New Frontiers of Physics in the 21st Century

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 150 Pages.

There are four kinds of force in the natural world, which are electromagnetic force, weak force, strong force and gravity. To unify them, the “Theory of Everything” is looked for. More, there are also “Dark Matter” and “Dark Energy” which are still mysterious. But, “Energy Body Theory” will unify them on the base of one axiom including dark matter and dark energy. It describes that the whole universe including elementary particles is made of just only energy body. As a result, the conclusion that all interactions are caused by the difference of energy level of energy body is drawn. Energy body theory also contrives an elementary particle model according to the axiom. The model draws the shape like that energy body is revolving as a wave motion focusing on a self-axis, and attenuates from the center part in high energy state to the foot area of the expanse part in low energy state, and becomes one with space. The spherical part of the center shows the character of a particle and the foot area part shows the character of field. A rise or a descent of energy is caused by the direction of a mutual wave motion, and repulsive force or attractive force is caused. Then, it is conceivable that light and electromagnetic waves are the transcriptions which are made when electronic posture changes and is transcript into static energy body (space). I inspected if this idea is right applying to the basic physical phenomena which are electromagnetism, an elementary particle, gravity, dark energy and the structure of the universe, etc. And I am successful in all cases that I inspected up to now. More, basic physical phenomena which are not shown the reasons now by the present physics was explained. For example, they are the reasons that an elementary particle has a character of electrical charge, that an electrical charge is plus or minus, that magnetic field occurs around electrical current, that an elementary particle and light have the character of duality of particle and wave, that light velocity is invariable, that Bose and Einstein condensation occurs, and what is a spin of an elementary particle. More, the universe expansion is also too. Energy body theory explains what gravity and the dark energy are, and even advocates the structure of the universe that the universe circulation system functions instead of big-bang theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1201] viXra:1708.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-26 11:05:58

The Dynamics of the Gravity Field

Authors: Malik Matwi
Comments: 32 Pages.

We derive the canonical momentum of the gravity field. Then we use it to derive the path integral of the gravity field. The canonical momentum is represented in Lorentz group. We derive it from the holonomy U(A) of the connection A of the Lorentz group. We derive the path integral of the gravity field as known in the quantum fields theory and discuss the situation of the free gravity field(like the electromagnetic field). We find that situation is only in the background spacetime, the weak gravity situation. We search for a theory in which the gravity field is a dynamical at any energy in arbitrary curved spacetime. For that, we suggest the duality gravity-area. That duality lets to the possibility to study the both fields in arbitrary curved spacetime. We find that the area field exists in the space-like and the gravity field exists in the time-like. We find that the tensor product of the gravity and area fields, in selfdual representation, satisfies the reality condition. We derive the static potential of exchanging gravitons in scalar and spinor fields, the Newtonian gravitational potential.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1200] viXra:1708.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-23 16:42:37

The Earth Attracts with Greater Force the Moon, Than the Moon Attracts the Earth

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 80 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

I discovered that the Earth attracts with greater force the Moon, than the Moon attracts the Earth! “Gravitational force is mediated by gravitons faster than the speed of light, with negative momentum” Adrian Ferent “Think more and Study less” Adrian Ferent “Newton's third law is wrong” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors and your books: Newton's third Law of Motion: the law of Action and Reaction, if the Earth exerts a force on the Moon, the Moon must exert an equal and opposite force on the Earth. “The flux density of gravitons emitted by the Earth is bigger than the flux density of gravitons emitted by the Moon.” Adrian Ferent This means: “The Earth attracts with greater force the Moon, than the Moon attracts the Earth”
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1199] viXra:1708.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-21 14:47:37

What if the Graviton Had a Negative Mass?

Authors: Sundar Narayan
Comments: 7 Pages.

ABSTRACT: Gravitons are the as-yet undiscovered particles that convey gravity. “Massive gravity” – the idea that gravitons may have a tiny positive mass mg - has recently been revived. The equations of massive gravity contain the quantity mg2 but not mg itself. Yet, the possibility that mg could be negative has never been explored. This paper shows that negative mass gravitons can 1) explain the actual mechanism of gravity in terms of Newtonian mechanics, 2) be used to derive Milgrom’s constant in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), a theory that obviates the need for Dark Matter, 3) identify Dark Energy as being equivalent to the momentum flux of negative mass gravitons, 4) suggest why a vacuum has a far lower density than what quantum field theory predicts.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1198] viXra:1708.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-18 12:48:11

A Quantum Phenomenon that Forces the Extra Energy Shift in Mossbauer Rotor Experiment

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Here, within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we described a quantum phenomenon that forces a rapid additional increase in the coefficient k which defines the Mossbauer rotor experiment (k increases from 0.5 predicted within the General Theory of Relativity to 0.714). The extra energy shift follows from the interactions of photons with virtual charged pairs produced at the cost of the relativistic mass. Production of such pairs results from the atom-like structure of baryons described within SST. We as well answered following question: Why are there so many different theories of gravity?
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1197] viXra:1708.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-16 11:30:26

Universal Theory of General Invariance

Authors: M.P. Benowitz
Comments: 29 Pages. Submitted to Foundations of Physics

Through the introduction of a new principle of physics, we extend quantum mechanics by proposing three additional postulates. With them we construct a quantum theory where gravitation emerges from the thermodynamics of an entangled vacuum. This new quantum theory reproduces the observations of the $\Lambda$CDM model of cosmology, predicting the existence of massive vacua $ M_{\text{on}} = \sqrt{\dfrac{\hbar c}{G}}$ and $M_{\text{off}} = \sqrt{\dfrac{ \Lambda^{2} \hbar^{3}G}{c^{5}}}$. Finally, we propose an experiment for the formers direct detection.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1196] viXra:1708.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-16 06:01:40

New Gravitational Theory of Time

Authors: LeiGuanji
Comments: 6 Pages.

What is the source of the gravity? Why the zero point energy didn't lead the curvature of space-time to infinite? How to describe the gravity in a very short length? Why the proton almost can't decay? Who is the first cause? To answer those questions, I wrote this paper and I hope my ideas can give us a right answer.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1195] viXra:1708.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-14 16:32:10

Review of Weyl Tensor as an Aid to Reviewing the Penrose Weyl Tensor Conjecture Near Start of Inflation. I.e. that no Need to Suppose it is Always Zero at Start of Inflation

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 14 Pages.

We review, using our prior work the Weyl tensor as an aid to reviewing the Penrose Weyl Tensor Conjecture near start of Inflation. Our supposition is that this Weyl tensor will not vanish, and this is in tandem with a non- zero initial entropy. In doing so, we make use of two representations of the scale factor, one with , and another in terms of , with the time, scaled as . The second representation of the derivative of will yield a not equal to zero due to initial time step not being zero, i.e. a quantization of time, whereas the first representation of depends upon the initial value assumed and picked. We then afterwards, say something as to Malek’s doctoral thesis rendition of , for n general dimensions as a way to buttress our conclusion, that indeed is non-zero at start of inflation provided certain assumptions are made. Which in turn affects entropy production at the start of the universe. Note . in the case of a Pre Planckian imaginary time , i.e. to have real valued, but nonzero, we have to restrict = 1, as a way of making sense of what happens if we do use purely imaginary time. If not, then the Weyl tensor could be complex valued. If we have real time for , we have far less restrictive conditions, as is given in our document. i.e. This idea of use of a much larger initial value of the cosmological constant in line with [16] leads to a closed form solution for the if we have real time for . We conclude with our buildup to the future works section by the end of our conclusion, which has that a Pre Planckian may be linked to the inverse of the Planckian value of the initial Hubble parameter. With future input from reference [13] of our paper.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1194] viXra:1708.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-08 05:28:05

Einstein Bent the Time, Ferent Unbent the Time

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 76 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

I explained Gravitational time dilation! “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the time, Ferent unbent the time” Adrian Ferent Einstein’s geometric gravity is not a force like in Newton’s theory, but a consequence of the distortion of space and time. “Gravitational field strength is smaller at higher altitude, because the flux of gravitons to the same surface is smaller at higher altitude, this means fewer interactions.” Adrian Ferent “Interactions in my Gravitation theory, curvature in Einstein Gravitation theory” Adrian Ferent Because of fewer interactions with gravitons, clocks that are far from massive bodies run more quickly and clocks close to massive bodies run more slowly. “Scientists are more rigorous to indoctrinate people, than clerics. Clerics need a thousand years to indoctrinate population with a new religion, scientists needed one hundred years to indoctrinate the whole world with Einstein's Gravitation theory, a wrong theory.” Adrian Ferent All Gravitation theories based on Einstein gravitation theory are wrong, from example the String theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1193] viXra:1708.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-06 18:01:26

Setting Time as Purely Imaginary in Regime of Space-Time Before Causal Barrier and Planckian Space-Time

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 4 Pages. Asks if imaginary time is derigor in the Pre Plankian universe

We start where we use an inflaton value due to use of a scale factor min ~ a a t  . In doing so, using the approximations brought up in the case of an early universe generation of a magnetic field, we come up with the stunning datum of a Pre Planckian space-time with purely imaginary time. The consequences of such are brought up in our document. We use what is brought up in a prior article as to Pre Planckian to Planckian generation of Magnetic fields to make our point. Here, we assume, in the Pre Planckian spacetime, a singular injection of space-time. Which we argue, if there is no spatial variation of the Inflaton field, so used, and we just have ONE Pre Planckian time instant, that this will be imaginary valued time, hence leading to pure Tunneling behavior. To whatever we are channeling from say a Penrose cosmology style CCC universe recycling, in terms of energy, is transferred to Planckian space-time
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1192] viXra:1708.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-04 20:21:10

The Theory of Quantum Relativity

Authors: Dr Daniel Cordero Grau
Comments: 5 Pages. THIS ARTICLE IS DEDICATED TO MY NEPHEW RODRIGO ISAI CORDERO CHAVEZ

IN THIS PAPER I LAY DOWN THE THEORY OF QUANTUM RELATIVITY
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1191] viXra:1708.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-04 05:21:30

Extra Dimensions in Bose–Einstein Condensate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Evidence for the extra space-like dimensions predicted by string theory could be found within Bose–Einstein condensates (BECs) – according to Sergio Gutiérrez, Abel Camacho and Héctor Hernández of Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa in Mexico City. [11] University of Cincinnati theoretical physicists are about to report on a controversial discovery that they say contradicts the work of researchers over the decades. [10] As our devices get ever smaller, so do the materials we use to make them. And that means you have to get really close to see them. Really close. A new electron microscope unveiled at the UK’s national SuperSTEM facility images objects at an unprecedented resolution, right down to the individual atoms. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1190] viXra:1707.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-31 16:13:46

Quantum Scaling, Neutrino and Life

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 3 Pages.

From the quantum modification of general relativity (Qmoger), supported by cosmic data (without fitting), a new quantum scaling is derived. This scaling indicates a mechanism of formation new particles from the background matter. Based on this scaling, mass of neutrino is estimated in agreement with experimental bounds. The neutrino oscillations are explained in terms of interaction with the background quantum condensate of gravitons. Subjective experiences (qualia) and functioning of living cell are also connected with the background condensate.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1189] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-30 12:37:37

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 3 Pages. Comments welcome

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localizations of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus and Plato.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1188] viXra:1707.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-29 04:35:22

Elementary Particles Emit and Receive Gravitons

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 72 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

I discovered how Elementary particles emit and receive Gravitons! “I discovered how to understand Gravity in the frame of quantum mechanics!” Adrian Ferent “Elementary particles emit and receive gravitons because Gravity emerged at Ferent wall before the Planck wall; because elementary particles interact via the force of gravity.” Adrian Ferent “When a graviton is generated, it is generated the same energy and momentum, but with opposite sign which is received by the elementary particle” Adrian Ferent “The photon has Electric field, Magnetic field and Gravitational field components. Similarly Elementary particles have Gravitational field component.” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1187] viXra:1707.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 08:01:57

Higgs Like Fluctuation at 240 GeV Possible Evidence for Sphere Theory’s Cuboctahedron Structure of Hubble Sphere Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper proposes that the Atlas Higgs-Like fluctuation at 240 GeV, with 3.6 sigma probability, may be possible evidence for Sphere Theory’s Cuboctahedron Structure of Hubble Sphere Universe. Philip Gibbs highlights a prediction of Tony Smith’s prediction for a mass at 240 GeV. Tommaso Dorigo, writes an article about it on Science 2.0 and offers a possible wager. Due to the propagation of light, gravity, charge, magnetism etc., and their quantized values, it has been hypothesized that, the universe should be filled with some type of almost homogeneous structure. It was shown in “Evidence for Granular Spacetime”( 1) that charge and gravity could be modeled by a sphere with a Compton wavelength radius of the neutron. If the neutron Compton wavelength is important to the propagation of charge and gravity then it is proposed that it also must be connected to some structure of the volume in which these forces are transmitted. “Underlying Cuboctahedron Packing of Planck Spinning Spheres Structure of the Hubble Universe” establishes a strong correlation, on multiple levels, between underlying packing of Planck Spinning Spheres structure of the Hubble Universe correlation with higgs mass, W boson, Z boson, bottom Quark and top Quark and a cuboctahedron –Vector Equilibrium structure using the mass of the neutron and the combining of the layers of a cuboctahedron packing of spheres. The layers of a cuboctahedron follow a consistent progression for the quantity of spheres that can be packed in a layer. The masses of the w boson, z boson, bottom quark, top quark and the Higgs can be directly correlated to the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure, and in a mirror manner described in this paper. This paper now shows that the Higgs-Like fluctuation at 240 GeV also follows the cuboctahedron progression for the quantity of spheres that can be packed in a layer.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1186] viXra:1707.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-27 04:49:39

Golden Ratio Photonic Crystal Dynamics

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this development upon three previous papers [1][2][3], we shall explain how photonic crystal constructs emerge from the elementary particle level in being associated to electron shells, and how they then fractally develop to a macro-world scale per a golden ratio sequence of atomic association. We will couple this with chemical-bond modelling between atoms, while then moving on to an explanation for the Avogadro number. The emphasis of this paper is to highlight the continued utility of the golden ratio modelling for time as a fixed standard for time, the great implication being the need to understand “spatial contraction” (not “time-dilation”) to satisfy ideas of relativity forwarded by Einstein a century ago. We shall highlight how this is possible by examining the phi-quantum wave-function scale as a new wave-function template for electromagnetism, as initially developed in paper-2, Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space [2], now carried and further developed here to explain spatial contraction and associated elementary particle dynamics (including particle spin and anti-matter/particles dynamics). Considering this phi-quantum wave-function scale, we will then finally uncover the problematic process of the Cartesian coordinate system of mathematical execution for space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1185] viXra:1707.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-25 12:16:32

Sphere Theory, the New Grand Unified Theory, Prediction of more Precise Gravitational Constant with Gravitational Orbitals

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Sphere Theory, is a theory that the universe is made of spheres, that, are made of spheres. In fact ,it is a theory of spheres all the way down. Part of the theory is that there is radiation that creates stable resonances that is similar to Bremsstrahlung and Cherenkov radiation. In this paper it is shown that this same structure that is used to predict mass ratios for the proton, electron, muon, and tau to the neutron, and predictions for the Sommerfeld fine structure constant, and the von Klitzing constant, can also be used to predict a more accurate value for the Gravitational constant, with the accuracy of the Planck constant and neutron mass being the limiting factor. The value predicted for the Gravitational constant is as follows. 6.6738480×10^-11 m^3/kgs^2. We see that gravity may also have orbitals, and thus there may be some different wavelengths to gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1184] viXra:1707.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-20 09:32:10

Sphere Theory, the New Grand Unified Theory, Prediction of more Precise Gravitational Constant

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 4 Pages.

Sphere Theory, is a theory that the universe is made of spheres, that, are made of spheres. In fact ,it is a theory of spheres all the way down. Part of the theory is that there is radiation that creates stable resonances that is similar to Bremsstrahlung and Cherenkov radiation. In this paper it is shown that this same structure that is used to predict mass ratios for the proton, electron, muon, and tau to the neutron, and predictions for the Sommerfeld fine structure constant, and the von Klitzing constant, can also be used to predict a more accurate value for the Gravitational constant, with the accuracy of the Planck constant and neutron mass being the limiting factor. The value predicted for the Gravitational constant is as follows. 6.6738480×10^-11 m^3/kgs^2.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1183] viXra:1707.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-18 12:18:47

How to Determine a Jump in Energy Prior to a Causal Barrier, with an Attendant Current, for an Effective Initial Magnetic Field. in the Pre Planckian to Planckian Space-Time

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: follow up of previous document. As cited in the first 2 pages of this new document.

Using Noethers theorem, with caveats, in order to form a magnetic field current, at the start of cosmological evolution.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1182] viXra:1707.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-16 09:21:39

Spinors with Deformed Lorentz Transformations

Authors: Clemens Heuson
Comments: 6 Pages.

In deformed special relativity with commuting coordinates transforming according special relativity and deformed plane waves the field equations and interactions in coordinate space remain unchanged. However in momentum space Lorentz transformations of spinors, the Dirac equation and helicity spinors are modified. The calculation of some simple tree level scattering amplitudes is discussed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1181] viXra:1707.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-05 04:12:49

Einstein’s Dream

Authors: David A. Edwards
Comments: 17 Pages.

The singularities of ordinary General Relativity can be avoided by considering the (mathematically well-defined) Einstein-Yang-Mills-Dirac-Higgs system which is (heuristically) the super-classical limit of the (not mathematically well-defined) Standard Model. This system has complete solutions without singularities, solitons, and a Cyclic Universe solution. (The system has negative energy density; hence doesn't satisfy the positivity conditions in the Penrose-Hawking Singularity Theorems.) One would like to be able to apply deformation quantization to this system to get a mathematically rigorous Standard Model in a Curved Noncommutative Spacetime. This would obviate any necessity of going further to a full quantum gravity theory. The deformation parameter would be Planck’s constant and the associated Planck Length would be the scale at which the manifold structure of spacetime gives way to a rougher structure of a noncommutative geometry. The Einstein-Yang-Mills-Dirac-Higgs Equations provide an alternative approach to a Cyclic Universe which Penrose has recently been advocating. They also imply that the massive compact objects now classified as Black Holes are actually Quark Stars, possibly with event horizons, but without singularities.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1180] viXra:1707.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-04 14:18:04

Sphere Theory, the New Grand Unified Theory, GUT, Predicts Planck’s Constant

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory of granular spacetime. In Sphere theory the mass ratios of the electron to the neutron, the proton to the neutron, and the fine structure can be directly estimated using Sphere Theory’s unification of gravity and charge, and using a resonance of radiation similar to Bremsstrahlung Cherenkov Radiation. The values of the ratios calculated by these methods are as follows. The mass ratio of the electron to the neutron, Me/Mn = 5.438673444242 *10^-4. The mass ratio of the proton to the neutron, Mp/Mn=0.9986234786761 and the Sommerfeld fine structure constant Alpha=137.035999097020 (1). In this paper we use the values of Me/Mn (2), Mp/Mn (3), and Alpha, Sommerfeld fine structure constant, (4) determined from Sphere Theory to calculate the Planck Constant from each CODATA publication year, and compare it to the CODATA value of the Planck constant. These calculations may show that Sphere Theory is useful for making sense of the universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1179] viXra:1707.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-04 06:53:33

The Emergence of Consciousness from Chaos

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 8 Pages.

The idea of consciousness emerging from chaos is not a new idea. In fact, it is one of the oldest ideas of philosophy. What makes it an important idea to herald here (in the context of quantum gravity and a new type of string theory incorporating the Golden Ratio) is how the idea has been derived, namely from “chaos theory” sprung from two key preliminary papers [1][2]. This third paper shall take up from where the second paper [2] left off. Here, we shall explain the Schrodinger equation for light, and then present an improved equation for the energy of a photon, then confirm the emergence of light from the atomic level represents a well-known equation for chaos theory, the “logistic map equation”. From there we shall present the idea of consciousness as a need for this system of time and space to resolve the disparity between light and particle location, together with the need to reach an exact value for “π” (as was the basis for the axioms of time upon space in the development of the atom in the second paper). A list of features of this proposal of consciousness as an emergent entity will be presented that describes well-known features of the idea of our own ability to reason and be aware.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1178] viXra:1707.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-03 08:31:25

New String Method

Authors: Yihan Lin
Comments: 2 Pages. no!

a brand new chinese version of string method which is arouse by a freshman from Peking university it is so revolutionary that may win the 2018 Nobel Prize! so please read it carefully!
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1177] viXra:1707.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-01 15:26:08

Gravitation Stronger Than Strong Nuclear Force. Gravitons Stronger Than Gluons

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 69 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

I explained that inside a black hole, Gravitation is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force, Gravitons are stronger than Gluons! The energy of the gravitons inside a black hole is higher than: 4.14559 × 10^5 GeV “The energy of the gravitons inside a black hole, is much higher than the energy of the gluons” Adrian Ferent This means, this is the proof that: “Inside the black holes, Gravitation is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that my Gravitation theory is right. “Ferent Gravitation theory explains the Universe at Galaxies level and at the Quantum level, explains black holes” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1176] viXra:1706.0549 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-29 12:58:28

The Universal Unit of Time, the Age of the Universe and the Exact Calculation of the Gravitational Constant G

Authors: Patrick Tonin
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is hypothesised that the Universe is not only expanding in space, but also in time (i.e. time slows down as the Universe ages). A new universal unit of time, acting as a scaling factor for the Universe, is proposed. An equation to calculate the age of the Universe and an equation to calculate the exact value of the gravitational constant G from the other fundamental constants are introduced. This hypothesis opens the way to the development of a new cosmological model and the unification of quantum mechanics with general relativity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1175] viXra:1706.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-26 08:39:53

Golden Ratio Axioms of Time and Space

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 22 Pages.

This sequel to “Gravity’s Emergence from Electrodynamics” will more closely examine the process of time as the Golden Ratio equation when applied to space, more than developing electrodynamic wavefunction equations, but setting an axiomatic base for the Golden Ratio as time when applied to space. Through this process we shall derive π, the fine structure constant, and the speed of light, while also confirming through these independent equations the idea of the Uncertainty Principle and Quantum Entanglement. More specifically, three fundamental things to be demonstrated here using the Golden Ratio algorithm of time will be deriving the dipole of magnetism, the electrical monopole field, and their relation to the Golden Ratio in creating the basis for the Fine Structure Constant, charge of the electron, the speed of light, and the subatomic multi-traits of the elementary particles. In confirming the need to explain the reason for the upgraded axioms for time and space, a general criticism of contemporary physics’ current use of space and time and its limitation given the entirely hypothetical nature of the resultant cosmic modelling theory regarding a multiverse and its endless possibilities is presented. The solution to this problem is explained using a more solid definition for time as the Golden Ratio, more thoroughly presented here in the context of the initial paper “Gravity’s Emergence from Electrodynamics” [1]; the first paper was a general overview of the new a-priori for time, while this second paper examines all the generalisations and assumptions presented in the first paper, reaching ultimate theoretical axioms for time in the context of space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1174] viXra:1706.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-26 06:11:49

Gravitational Constant of Cubic Lattice Universe

Authors: Tufail Abbas
Comments: 8 Pages.

Starting with the basic assumptions that all physical parameters are properties of a background Cubic Lattice Frame as introduced in paper , “Cubic Lattice Structure of the Universe” this paper discusses the implication of C4 Cubit (or Mass Cubits) on Gravitation Constant. After discussing related concepts of Cubic Lattice Universe, Value of G have been derived as G = H0cRu^2/Mu = 6.674078 x10-11 m3 kg-1 s-1 and G=H0(3/2πcco)(h^2/mo^3) = 6.699946 x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-1, later being not a precise values but very close to accepted value of G which is 6.67408 x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-1. Motivated by this result, the derivation is followed by a subjective narration describing Gravitation as a local anisotropic reactionary force caused due to Hubble Expansion itself. Contrary to current understanding about Hubble Expansion being caused by so called Dark Energy, it is proposed that expansion of Universe is caused by locally anisotropic emission of space by fundamental mass ( i.e.say electron) which travels through the Cubic Lattice to interact and cause isotropic expansion of the Universe, of which Gravitation is a local anisotropic effect.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1173] viXra:1706.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-22 06:27:34

Modified Dynamics Due to Forehead Collisions of Bodies with Gravitons: Numerical Modeling

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov, Adelya S. Narkevich, Polina S. Shenets
Comments: 6 Pages.

The numerical modeling of a non-relativistic modification of dynamics due to forehead collisions of bodies with gravitons in the model of low-energy quantum gravity is performed. We have found too big instability of trajectories in the central field by the anomalous deceleration $w \simeq - H_{0}c$. Perhaps, the most probable source of that may be backhead collisions of bodies with gravitons, not taken into account in this model up to now.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1172] viXra:1706.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-19 19:53:32

Quantum Relativity

Authors: Andrew Cox
Comments: 10 Pages.

Quantum Relativity logically extends Einstein's General Theory of Relativity by incorporating quantum mechanics. It is effectively the “Theory of Everything,” which solves quantum gravity, black hole mechanics, dark matter, dark energy, and the Big Bang -- by showing that the fourth spatial dimension (hyperspace) operates as one stand-alone spatial dimension with no dimension for time.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1171] viXra:1706.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-17 10:37:06

Black Holes Are Ferent Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 66 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Ferent matter is matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent Graviton momentum > Photon momentum “Because the electromagnetic waves, the photons, can not escape from a black hole, this means the gravitons momentum emitted by the black hole is higher than the momentum of the photons” Adrian Ferent The gravitational force exerted by a black hole on a planet is much higher than the gravitational force exerted by a planet on a black hole. Newton’s third law is wrong: The energy of the gravitons emitted by a black hole, the frequency of the gravitons emitted by a black hole ν > 4.176 ×10^71 Hz, is much higher than the energy of the gravitons emitted by a planet, than the frequency of the gravitons emitted by a planet ν < 4.176×10^56 Hz. “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1170] viXra:1706.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-15 17:15:55

Algo Mas Acerca DE la Gravedad

Authors: Norberto Meyer Roberto Morales
Comments: 4 Pages. "COMPLEMENTA EL ARTÍCLO "ACERCA DE LA GRAVEDAD"

Writing “G” with the help of “m1”, we find that gravity is function of the negative setting energy of a mass. With the hydrogen atom we found that he negative rest-energy can be the (negative) binding energy of a mass
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1169] viXra:1706.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 07:17:05

Einstein Equivalence Principle for Quantum Superpositions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Mathematician and physicist Albert Einstein described the principle last century and it became known as 'Einstein's equivalence principle' for atoms whose mass is in a quantum superposition state. [12] Physicists have performed a test designed to investigate the effects of the expansion of the universe—hoping to answer questions such as "does the expansion of the universe affect laboratory experiments?", "might this expansion change the lengths of solid objects and the time measured by atomic clocks differently, in violation of Einstein's equivalence principle?", and "does spacetime have a foam-like structure that slightly changes the speed of photons over time?", an idea that could shed light on the connection between general relativity and quantum gravity. [11] Einstein's equivalence principle states that an object in gravitational free fall is physically equivalent to an object that is accelerating with the same amount of force in the absence of gravity. This principle lies at the heart of general relativity and has been experimentally tested many times. Now in a new paper, scientists have experimentally demonstrated a conceptually new way to test the equivalence principle that could detect the effects of a relatively new concept called spin-gravity coupling. [10] A recent peer-reviewed paper by physicist James Franson from the University of Maryland in the US has initiated a stir among physics community. Issued in the New Journal of Physics, the paper points to evidence proposing that the speed of light as defined by the theory of general relativity, is slower than originally thought. [9] Gravitational time dilation causes decoherence of composite quantum systems. Even if gravitons are there, it's probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1168] viXra:1706.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 04:17:02

Super Distance Communication with Quantum Entanglement

Authors: Yuan Kai
Comments: 9 pages. Both English and chinese version encluded.

Super distance communication with quantum packet selection and grouping plus interval correction. The first step is to group the light quantum, 2 pairs of entangled quantum constitute a group,so the group include 4 light quantum. The second step will be compiled for each of the 3 groups of quantum,we call the 3 groups as a round. By observe a round(6 light quantems) we determine valid round and invalid round.By valid round and interval we could send or receive message.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1167] viXra:1706.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-09 13:42:43

Proposed Hypothesis of a Process Linked to Gravity Affecting Mass-Energy

Authors: Santiago Lopez Ugarte
Comments: 20 Pages.

The proposal assumes that the distortion of space-time due to relative velocity (Special Relativity), and the distortion of space-time produced by gravitational fields (General Relativity) are linked to changes of state that affect to mass-energy. The hypothesis proposes the existence of a process linked to gravity, this phenomenon would affect mass-energy. It would be required to add an additional condition (being a more restrictive scenario) keeping the field equations that define space-time curvature, but by adding the condition linked to the proposed phenomenon, the trajectory that would follow mass-energy in that curved space-time, changes with respect to the established by the officially accepted model. The effect is negligible if the distortion of space-time caused by a gravitational field does not have a significant value. The hypothesis proposed allows to calculate mathematically the discrepancy that would exist with respect to the current model. In case of being correct, the proposal would have important implications in diverse areas of science and its effect would be determinant in the study of black holes or questions related to Cosmology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1166] viXra:1706.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-07 20:55:57

How Scale Factors Determine Starting Time Step from Minimum Non Zero Value, Using Superfluid Universe Model, Assuming Hubble Parameter H = 0 , with Later Hubble H ~ T(temperature), After Formation of Causal Structure to Obtain Initial Graviton Production

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 10 Pages.

Thought experiment as to the essence of particle production if a ball of early universe spacetime exists instead of a naked singularity
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1165] viXra:1706.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-05 10:08:54

(Version 3.2 13 Pages 5.06.2017) on a Plausible Triple Electro-Gravito-Informational Significance of the Fine Structure Constant and Its Implications in the Four Fields Unification and the Existence of Life Forms in Our Universe

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In the last century, a small minority of physicists considered a hypothetical binary logarithmic connection between the large and the small constants of physics, which also implies a base-2 power law (Fürth, 1929; Eddington, 1938; Teller, 1948; Salam, 1970; Bastin, 1971; Sirag, 1980, 1983; Sanchez, Kotov and Bizouard, 2009, 2011, 2012; Kritov, 2013). This paper brings to attention a plausible triple electro-gravito-informational significance of the fine structure constant, with its implications in the four fields unification and the existence of life forms in our universe: this triple significance is based on the existence of a unifying global scaling factor of nature which appears in a hypothetical fine tuning of all the non-zero rest masses of the all the elementary particles in the Standard Model. Furthermore, this paper also proposes dimensional relativity hypothesis (DRH) stating that the 3D appearance of space (or the 4D nature of spacetime) may be actually explained by the relative magnitude of the photon momentum quanta (and the hypothetical graviton momentum quanta respectively) and this global scaling factor (GSF): DRH also includes a generalized electrograviton model (EGM) for any hypothetical graviton. This paper also proposes a set of strong (and very strong) gravity constants and a gravitational field varying with the energy (and length) scale, all with potential importance in the unification of the four fundamental fields. Keywords: fine structure constant with triple electro-gravito-informational significance; unifying global scaling factor of nature; the four fields unification; the Standard Model of particle physics; dimensional relativity hypothesis; electrograviton model; life forms
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1164] viXra:1706.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-03 09:09:08

Illustration of the Emergence of Fundamental Forces

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here, within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we illustrate and describe briefly the emergence of fundamental forces.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

Replacements of recent Submissions

[1054] viXra:1711.0136 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-05 23:12:29

On Dark Energy and the Relativistic Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 15 Pages. Submitted to Phys. Letts. B

Recently, solutions to the $nonlinear$ Bohm-Poisson (BP) equation were found with relevant cosmological applications. We were able to obtain an exact analytical expression for the observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. In this work we considerably improve our prior arguments in support of our findings, and provide further results which include two possible extensions of the Bohm-Poisson equation to the full relativistic regime; explain how Bohm's quantum potential in four-dimensions could be re-interpreted as a gravitational potential in five-dimensions, and which explains why the presence of dark energy/dark matter in our $4D$ spacetime can only be inferred $indirectly$, but not be detected/observed directly. We conclude with some comments about the Dirac-Eddington large numbers coincidences.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1053] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-14 15:19:42

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: G. Dungworth, M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 8 Pages.

We study two cosmologies, (i) the observationally successful FRW con- straint of Riofrio, a viable alternative to ΛCDM, and (ii) an adaption of this to quantum gravity including aspects of the ΛCDM model, where neutrinos and mirror neutrinos play a key role. The equivalence prin- ciple is mildly broken, using McCulloch’s approach to quantum inertia and a new holographic principle. There is no local dark matter and no dark energy, and mirror neutrino states are informationally connected to the CMB. Consequences include (i) a present day temperature of 2.73K arising as a mirror rest mass, (ii) an estimate of the observable mass of the universe and (iii) an effective sterile mass of 1.29eV, permitted by oscillation results.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1052] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-09 13:38:18

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: G. Dungworth, M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 9 Pages.

The observationally successful FRW constraint of Riofrio is a viable alternative to LCDM. We consider neutrinos in this context, using quantum gravity, holography and McCulloch’s quantum inertia. There is no dark energy and no local dark matter. Consequences of the new cosmology include (i) a CMB temperature of 2.73K from a mirror rest mass and (ii) a resolution of the neutrino DE coincidence.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1051] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-05 13:40:38

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 7 Pages.

The observationally successful FRW alternative of Riofrio is a viable alternative to LCDM. In this context we study neutrinos in quantum gravity, using McCulloch’s quantum inertia and a new holographic principle. Quantitative consequences include (i) the CMB temperature of 2.73K from a mirror rest mass and (ii) an effective sterile mass of 1.29eV, in line with observation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1050] viXra:1710.0273 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-30 06:58:56

Photon is Kinetic Energy of Electron

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 8 Pages.

It is confirmed that a photon is the kinetic energy detached from an electron, and, the kinetic energy of an electron is undulation created in space, because of the wave length of bright line spectrum of light. The wavelength of the bright line spectrum of light from a hydrogen atom is explained by Niels Henrik David Bohr's hydrogen atom model. But, I assumed that "the energy and momentum of a photon " were equal to "electronic kinetic energy", in the unique way from Bohr's hydrogen atom model, and it was confirmed that the wavelengths of the bright line spectrums of light from a hydrogen atom were calculated correctly. This thing means that electronic kinetic energy becomes a photon separated from an electron. Moreover, it means that the direction and velocity of a traveling photon is different from well-known ones of light which is generally admitted.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1049] viXra:1710.0215 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-20 00:17:49

An Elegant Solution to the Cosmological Constant Problem based on The Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 6 Pages.

After applying the recently proposed Bohm-Poisson equation [1] to the observable Universe as a $whole$, and by introducing an ultraviolet (very close to the Planck scale) and an infrared (Hubble radius) scale, one can naturally obtain a value for the vacuum energy density which coincides $exactly$ with the extremely small observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. Because Bohm's formulation of QM is by construction non-local, it is this non-locality which casts light into the crucial ultraviolet/infrared entanglement of the Planck/Hubble scales which was required in order to obtain the observed value of the vacuum energy density.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1048] viXra:1710.0212 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-26 07:20:12

Nuclear Quantum Gravity – A First Review

Authors: Seshavatharam U.V.S, Lakshminarayana. S
Comments: 15 Pages. Dedicated to Dr. Abdus Salam sir

To have a unified model of nuclear quantum gravity, it seems quite reasonable to consider a large nuclear gravitational constant, $G_s \cong \left(3.3\pm 0.03\right) times 10^{28}$ $m^3/kg/sec^2$ . In this context, we show practical applications pertaining to micro physics as well as macro physics. We would like to suggest that: (1) $G_s$ plays a crucial role in understanding quantum theory of light, photoelectric work functions, superconductivity, nuclear binding energy, nuclear root mean square charge radii, root mean square radius of proton, neutron life time, neutron-proton mass difference, nuclear stability, nuclear magnetic dipole moments, weak coupling angle, Fermi’s weak coupling constant, proton melting point and total energy of electron in Hydrogen atom etc.; (2) Nuclear binding energy can be understood with a single energy coefficient of magnitude 10 MeV. (3) Newtonian gravitational constant $G_N$ and the proposed $G_s$ play a joint role in understanding neutron star mass generation as well as proton mass generation; and (4) Considering $G_s$ as a characteristic feature of magnetism, celestial bodies ‘mass dependent’ magnetic dipole moments can be estimated. (5) Magnitude of $G_N$ can certainly be estimated from microscopic elementary physical constants.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1047] viXra:1710.0200 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-04 03:37:04

Inertia (in Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 2 Pages.

We consider how inertia appears in the theory of emergent space-time-matter. The phenomenon of inertia is explained for the case of the presence of reflection symmetry in the wave function. For the rest of cases, there is no explanation for inertia, but there is an assumption that the development of a mathematical model based on the construction of universes from the field of the Metauniverse will justify the inertia for such a case.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1046] viXra:1710.0172 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-19 06:45:03

Projection Gravitation, a Projection Force from 5-Dimensional Space-Time Into 4-Dimensional Space-Time

Authors: XiaoLin Li
Comments: 31 Pages.

A new gravity theory. Gravity is a projection force from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The Lorentz symmetry is a projection of particle-wave symmetry from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The gravity is an additional projection force of Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity is an extension to Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity can be seen as some kind of symmetry. Gravity only exists in 4-dimensional space-time. In 5-dimensional space-time, there not have gravity. Equivalence principle is invalid in the new gravitation. In the new gravitation, there does not have gravitational acceleration. In the new gravitation, there only have inertial coordinates, not have non-inertial coordinates. In the new gravitation, the gravity source is only the rest mass, not energy. The particle can’t be the gravity source if the particle not has rest mass. The photon not has gravity. But any particle can be affected by gravity. The photon is affected by gravity also. The gravitational mass is only equivalent to the rest mass. Under approximate weak gravity and approximate circular orbit condition, the new gravitation is equivalent to the General Relativity. The four classic experimental tests, the deflection of light by the sun, the precession of mercury, the red shift of light by the sun, the radar echo delay, are experimental tests to the new gravitation also. But even under approximate weak gravity condition, if the orbit is not approximate circular, if the orbit has higher eccentricity, there exists obvious difference between the General Relativity and the new gravitation. This difference can be a experimental test to distinguish which one is more realistic. The space-time is flat in the new gravitation, not is curved. In the new gravitation, the energy is conserved. The new gravitation is simpler than the General Relativity. In the new gravitation, the photon’s equivalent gravitational acceleration is twice of the acceleration in Newton Gravitation. In the new gravitation, there not exists black hole, but exists empty hole, and not exists space-time singularity and energy singularity. The new gravity has obvious scale effect. The new gravity has the scale factor. In gravity field, the scale factor determines the quantization results of particle’s motion. The new gravity perhaps is a force that inhibits the uncertainty of macroscopic objects. The new gravitation can derive out the result of the Planck Energy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1045] viXra:1710.0034 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-05 05:38:09

The New Physics Black Hole Nucleus: Gravity Without Inertial Mass Effects.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 29 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, Mass is the potency of Rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons to be produced by the collision process, between mass less ring shaped Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons. More extended loops or "arms" of each particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons or other electromagnetic monopole photons per time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a pressure force. So, Gravity can be described as the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. Emergent gravity as proposed by E.Verlinde is one of the results of this assumption, the electric dark matter black hole non inertial effects are the other side of the coin.. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long no fermion or boson comes too close. So if the new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot then there is no graviton production supposed. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus and the result of the Casimir absorption effect of the vacuum by the black hole nucleus. At the same time, gravitons are not leaving the black hole at all. In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local spacetime creating vacuum lattice. Conclusion Bosons (Higgs, W and Z particles) seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice. The LHC could perhaps be able to show this anti inertial mass effect created by the solar reference frame or solar LASOF ( Local Oscillating vacuum Frame).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1044] viXra:1709.0443 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-19 19:08:31

《Universal and Unified Field Theory》 4. Graviton and General Symmetric Dynamics

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 4 Pages.

This manuscript reveals the natural context of Torque tensors and Gravitational fields at the remarks of the groundbreakings: Laws of Conservation and Continuity of Gravitation:

  1. Graviton Energy Equations - A set of complex formulae, representing the wave-particle duality and transport momentum.
  2. Conservation of Gravitation - Nine principles of the gravitational functions, depicting the spiral Torque and Newton’s gravity. 
  3. Weak Gravitational Fields - A set of gravitational field and force equations, streaming symmetric entanglements dynamically.

Exceptionally, the Quantum Fields give rise to symmetric horizon environments and bring together all field entanglements of the flux conservation and continuity of Photons and Gravitons. Named as Second Universal Dynamic Equations, a series of the Unified Equations systematically consists of and concisely connects among quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, light, electromagnetism, gravitation, weak and strong forces: a major part of the unification superseding classical and modern physics for symmetric environments of the universe. 


Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1043] viXra:1709.0443 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-15 20:14:03

《Universal and Unified Field Theory》 4. Graviton and General Symmetric Dynamics

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 4 Pages.

As a major part of the unification, the Quantum Fields give rise to a symmetric environment and bring together all field  entanglements of the flux conservation and continuity of photons and gravitons. Remarkably, it reveals the natural secrets of: 

  1. Graviton Energy Equations - A pair of complex formulae representing the wave-particle duality and transport momentum,
  2. Conservation of Gravitation - Nine principles of the gravitational fields depicting the spiral Torque and Newton’s gravity. 
  3. Weak Gravitational Fields - A set of gravitational field and force equations for a symmetric environment of life entanglements.
  4. General Symmetric Fields - A series of equations connecting among light, electromagnetism, gravitation, and thermodynamics

Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1042] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-21 10:05:49

On the Trouble With Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1041] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-19 07:31:21

On the Trouble With Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1040] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-17 12:26:18

On the Trouble With Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1039] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-17 09:40:35

On the Trouble With Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1038] viXra:1709.0101 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-10 04:32:33

Our Universe and Emergent Gravity.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. replace

Our matter universe and surrounding antimatter universe and emergent gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1037] viXra:1709.0017 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-02 05:59:18

Showing Fjortof’s Theorem Does not Apply for Defining Instability for Early Universe Thermodynamic Potentials. Asking if Nucleated Particles Result At/before Electro-Weak Era Due to Injection of Matter-Energy at the Big Bang?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 16 Pages. Identical to last version. Changed my name, to Andrew Beckwith, so it is easier to find

This paper uses the “Fjortoft theorem” for defining necessary conditions for instability. The point is that it does not apply in the vicinity of the big bang. We apply this theorem to what is called by T. Padmanabhan a thermodynamic potential which becomes would be unstable if conditions for the applications of “Fjortoft’s theorem” hold. In our case, there is no instability, so a different mechanism has to be appealed to. In the case of vacuum nucleation, we argue that conditions exist for the nucleation of particles as of the electroweak regime. Due to injecting material from a node point, in spacetime. This regime of early universe creation, coexits with the failure of applications of “Fjortoft” theorem in such a way as to give necessary and sufficient conditons for matter creation, in a way similar to the Higgs Boson. Key words: Fjortoft theorem, thermodynamic potential, matter creation, Higgs Boson.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1036] viXra:1708.0372 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-30 10:50:20

The Dynamics of the Gravity Field

Authors: Malik Matwi
Comments: 34 Pages. Damascus University, Syria

We derive the canonical momentum of the gravity field. Then we use it to derive the path integral of the gravity field. The canonical momentum is represented in Lorentz group. We derive it from the holonomy U(A) of the connection A of Lorentz group. We derive the path integral of gravity field as known in quantum fields theory and discuss the situation of free gravity field (like electromagnetic field). We find that this situation is only in the background spacetime, weak gravity, the situation of low matter density. We search for a theory in which the gravity field is a dynamical at any energy in arbitrary curved spacetime. For that, we suggest a duality gravity-area. That duality lets to possibility to study both gravity and area as dynamical fields in arbitrary curved spacetime. We find that the area field exists in the space-like and the gravity field exists in the time-like. We find that the tensor product of gravity and area fields, in selfdual representation, satisfies the reality condition. We derive the static potential of exchanging gravitons in scalar and spinor fields, the Newtonian gravitational potential.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1035] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-01 13:07:52

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 9 Pages. One reference added. Comments welcome.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localization of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus -- Panta rei conditio sine qua non est.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1034] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-25 18:40:00

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 9 Pages. Two references added.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localization of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus -- Panta rei conditio sine qua non est.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1033] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-09 17:13:50

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 9 Pages. Typos and grammar errors corrected. Comments welcome.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localization of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus -- Panta rei conditio sine qua non est.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1032] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-08 08:08:16

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 9 Pages. Text expanded and three references added.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localization of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus -- Panta rei conditio sine qua non est.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1031] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-01 06:25:24

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 9 Pages. Comments welcome.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localization of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus -- Panta rei conditio sine qua non est.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1030] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-29 08:08:19

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 9 Pages. Text expanded and one reference added.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localization of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus -- Panta rei conditio sine qua non est.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1029] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-23 12:38:11

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 8 Pages. One typo corrected.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localization of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus -- Panta rei conditio sine qua non est.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1028] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-18 07:21:01

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 8 Pages. Abstract changed and text expanded.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localization of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus -- Panta rei conditio sine qua non est.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1027] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-14 11:07:35

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 8 Pages. Two references added and typos corrected.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localizations of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus and Plato.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1026] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-12 14:32:33

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 8 Pages. Text expanded and references added.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localizations of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus and Plato.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1025] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-07 06:59:33

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 6 Pages. Comments welcome

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localizations of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus and Plato.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1024] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-05 10:45:05

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 5 Pages. Text expanded and references added. Final version.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localizations of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus and Plato.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1023] viXra:1707.0400 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-03 09:18:26

Gravity-Matter Duality

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 4 Pages. Typos corrected and text expanded.

Gravity-matter duality is suggested as the first step toward quantum gravity, ensuing from the idea that the phenomenon dubbed 'gravitational field' is a new form of reality, known as Res potentia -- "just in the middle between possibility and reality" (Heisenberg, Slide 7). The essential similarities and differences between gravity-matter duality and wave-particle duality are briefly examined, with emphasis on the proposed joint solution to exact localizations of gravity and "quantum waves" at spacetime points. The latter are endowed with brand new structure and topology due to the fundamental flow of events suggested by Heraclitus and Plato.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1022] viXra:1707.0352 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-04 03:22:03

Phi-Quantum Wave-Function Crystal Dynamics

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this development upon three previous papers [1][2][3], we shall explain how Phi-Quantum Wave-Function crystal constructs emerge from the elementary particle level, in being associated to electron shells, and how they then through a fractal progression develop to a macro-world scale per a golden ratio sequence of atomic association while establishing an equation for the Avogadro number and associated formulation of the background microwave radiation and red-shift effect. The emphasis of this paper is to highlight the continued utility of the golden ratio modelling for time, the great implication being the need to understand “spatial contraction” (not “time-dilation”) to satisfy ideas of relativity forwarded by Einstein a century ago. We shall highlight how this is possible by examining the phi-quantum wave-function scale as a new wave-function template for electromagnetism, as initially developed in Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space [2], now carried and further developed here to explain spatial contraction and associated elementary particle dynamics (including particle spin and anti-matter/particles dynamics). In considering this phi-quantum wave-function scale, we will then finally uncover the problematic process of the Cartesian coordinate system of mathematical execution for space and improbability of the Planck scale of determination.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1021] viXra:1707.0352 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-30 05:19:39

Phi-Quantum Wave-Function Crystal Dynamics

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this development upon three previous papers [1][2][3], we shall explain how Phi-Quantum Wave-Function crystal constructs emerge from the elementary particle level, in being associated to electron shells, and how they then through a fractal progression develop to a macro-world scale per a golden ratio sequence of atomic association while establishing an equation for the Avogadro number and associated formulation of the background microwave radiation and red-shift effect. The emphasis of this paper is to highlight the continued utility of the golden ratio modelling for time, the great implication being the need to understand “spatial contraction” (not “time-dilation”) to satisfy ideas of relativity forwarded by Einstein a century ago. We shall highlight how this is possible by examining the phi-quantum wave-function scale as a new wave-function template for electromagnetism, as initially developed in Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space [2], now carried and further developed here to explain spatial contraction and associated elementary particle dynamics (including particle spin and anti-matter/particles dynamics). In considering this phi-quantum wave-function scale, we will then finally uncover the problematic process of the Cartesian coordinate system of mathematical execution for space and improbability of the Planck scale of determination.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1020] viXra:1707.0352 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-15 04:37:06

Phi-Quantum Wave-Function Crystal Dynamics

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 22 Pages.

In this development upon three previous papers [1][2][3], we shall explain how Phi-Quantum Wave-Function crystal constructs emerge from the elementary particle level, in being associated to electron shells, and how they then through a fractal progression develop to a macro-world scale per a golden ratio sequence of atomic association. We will couple this with chemical-bond modelling between atoms while establishing an equation for the Avogadro number. The emphasis of this paper is to highlight the continued utility of the golden ratio modelling for time, the great implication being the need to understand “spatial contraction” (not “time-dilation”) to satisfy ideas of relativity forwarded by Einstein a century ago. We shall highlight how this is possible by examining the phi-quantum wave-function scale as a new wave-function template for electromagnetism, as initially developed in Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space [2], now carried and further developed here to explain spatial contraction and associated elementary particle dynamics (including particle spin and anti-matter/particles dynamics). In considering this phi-quantum wave-function scale, we will then finally uncover the problematic process of the Cartesian coordinate system of mathematical execution for space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1019] viXra:1707.0352 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-07 07:11:25

Golden Ratio Photonic Crystal Dynamics

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 22 Pages.

In this development upon three previous papers [1][2][3], we shall explain how photonic crystal constructs emerge from the elementary particle level in being associated to electron shells and how they then fractally develop to a macro-world scale per a golden ratio sequence of atomic association. We will couple this with chemical-bond modelling between atoms, while then moving on to an explanation for the Avogadro number. The emphasis of this paper is to highlight the continued utility of the golden ratio modelling for time as a fixed standard for time, the great implication being the need to understand “spatial contraction” (not “time-dilation”) to satisfy ideas of relativity forwarded by Einstein a century ago. We shall highlight how this is possible by examining the phi-quantum wave-function scale as a new wave-function template for electromagnetism, as initially developed in paper-2, Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space [2], now carried and further developed here to explain spatial contraction and associated elementary particle dynamics (including particle spin and anti-matter/particles dynamics). Considering this phi-quantum wave-function scale, we will then finally uncover the problematic process of the Cartesian coordinate system of mathematical execution for space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1018] viXra:1707.0352 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-01 08:52:10

Golden Ratio Photonic Crystal Dynamics

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 22 Pages.

In this development upon three previous papers [1][2][3], we shall explain how photonic crystal constructs emerge from the elementary particle level in being associated to electron shells and how they then fractally develop to a macro-world scale per a golden ratio sequence of atomic association. We will couple this with chemical-bond modelling between atoms, while then moving on to an explanation for the Avogadro number. The emphasis of this paper is to highlight the continued utility of the golden ratio modelling for time as a fixed standard for time, the great implication being the need to understand “spatial contraction” (not “time-dilation”) to satisfy ideas of relativity forwarded by Einstein a century ago. We shall highlight how this is possible by examining the phi-quantum wave-function scale as a new wave-function template for electromagnetism, as initially developed in paper-2, Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space [2], now carried and further developed here to explain spatial contraction and associated elementary particle dynamics (including particle spin and anti-matter/particles dynamics). Considering this phi-quantum wave-function scale, we will then finally uncover the problematic process of the Cartesian coordinate system of mathematical execution for space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1017] viXra:1707.0352 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-31 05:56:08

Golden Ratio Photonic Crystal Dynamics

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 21 Pages.

In this development upon three previous papers [1][2][3], we shall explain how photonic crystal constructs emerge from the elementary particle level in being associated to electron shells and how they then fractally develop to a macro-world scale per a golden ratio sequence of atomic association. We will couple this with chemical-bond modelling between atoms, while then moving on to an explanation for the Avogadro number. The emphasis of this paper is to highlight the continued utility of the golden ratio modelling for time as a fixed standard for time, the great implication being the need to understand “spatial contraction” (not “time-dilation”) to satisfy ideas of relativity forwarded by Einstein a century ago. We shall highlight how this is possible by examining the phi-quantum wave-function scale as a new wave-function template for electromagnetism, as initially developed in paper-2, Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space [2], now carried and further developed here to explain spatial contraction and associated elementary particle dynamics (including particle spin and anti-matter/particles dynamics). Considering this phi-quantum wave-function scale, we will then finally uncover the problematic process of the Cartesian coordinate system of mathematical execution for space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1016] viXra:1707.0250 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-31 05:57:56

How to Determine a Jump in Energy Prior to a Causal Barrier, with an Attendant Current, for an Effective Initial Magnetic Field. in the Pre Planckian to Planckian Space-Time

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: Added 6 pages as to a fifth force calculation of E and B fields, as an appendix entry, with a comment as to how it links to the inflaton genreated B field(comparing the two methods)

Formation of a magnetic field due to a current calculation based upon the inflaton, and also the addition of material as to how Pre Plackian to Planckian Gravi Magnetic field construction may relate to Maxwell's equations. The linkage as to Squeezed GW states alluded to, plus deformation mechanics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1015] viXra:1707.0250 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-30 14:33:23

How to Determine a Jump in Energy Prior to a Causal Barrier, with an Attendant Current, for an Effective Initial Magnetic Field. in the Pre Planckian to Planckian Space-Time

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 27 Pages. Added material as to Deformation mechanics, and squeezing of GW, as a reference.

Formation of a magnetic field due to a current calculation based upon the inflaton, and also the addition of material as to how Pre Plackian to Planckian Gravi Magnetic field construction may relate to Maxwell's equations. The linkage as to Squeezed GW states alluded to, plus deformation mechanics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1014] viXra:1707.0250 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-27 19:11:17

How to Determine a Jump in Energy Prior to a Causal Barrier, with an Attendant Current, for an Effective Initial Magnetic Field. in the Pre Planckian to Planckian Space-Time

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 24 Pages. Great expansion of the paper, due to answering questions given to me by Referee evaluating it for JHEPGC

B field derived from first principles, from Inflaton field, with attendant descriptions as to how LIGO interferometric calculations of Signal over Noise ratios may suffer, due to problems of filtering in the early universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1013] viXra:1707.0250 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-18 17:53:05

How to Determine a Jump in Energy Prior to a Causal Barrier, with an Attendant Current, for an Effective Initial Magnetic Field. in the Pre Planckian to Planckian Space-Time

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 11 Pages. Uploaded the wrong document. The abstract succintly outlines what is new and intended in this document too

This corrected version is primarily an analysis of how to use Noether's current, as a current generator, from exponential of the ( imaginary number, times frequency, times time) times an inflaton to obtain a real valued current, which in turn, leads to an effective magnetic field, at Pre Planckian to Planckian physics regime of space-time. And that combined with a query if we have quintessence or an invariant cosmological constant.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1012] viXra:1707.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-03 03:06:26

The Magic of the New Electric Dark Matter Black Hole on Earth and Space.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 25 Pages.

Black Hole Quantum Gravity examples in space observed between different nebula (B 1509 and the Helix). According to Function Follows Form (FFF) Theory, Hawking black hole should be interpreted differently. The new (FFF) black hole says that the BH nucleus is a bunch of rigid string particles compressed by the oscillating vacuum particles. All Fermions should be repelled at a new physics BH repelling horizon which has supposed to have two globular shells of positive or negative charge! As a result, each black hole is assumed to have a globular shell of positron and proton based plasma at the inside and a negative electron based plasma shell outside this positive shell. If we include existence of small interference black holes (or Quantum Knots) then Ball lightning and micro comets ( including Comets and sunspots) are to be explained as micro black holes violating the second law of thermodynamics. The form and microstructure of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of functional differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon and Fermion particles. As a consequence of the quantum gravity difference on fermions and black hole nuclei, the new splitting, accelerating and pairing massless black hole, is able to convert vacuum energy (ZPE) into real energy by entropy decrease. This explains quick Galaxy- and Star formation, down to Sunspots, (Micro) Comets, Lightning bolts, Sprites and Elves, Sprite Fireballs and Ball Lightning according to quantum.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1011] viXra:1707.0044 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-10 05:53:15

The Emergence of Consciousness from Chaos

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 8 Pages.

The idea of consciousness emerging from chaos is not a new idea. In fact, it is one of the oldest ideas of philosophy. What makes it an important idea to herald here (in the context of quantum gravity and a new type of string theory incorporating the Golden Ratio) is how the idea has been derived, namely from “chaos theory” sprung from two key preliminary papers [1][2]. This third paper shall take up from where the second paper [2] left off. Here, we shall explain the Schrodinger equation for light, and then present an improved equation for the energy of a photon, then confirm the emergence of light from the atomic level represents a well-known equation for chaos theory, the “logistic map equation”. From there we shall present the idea of consciousness as a need for this system of time and space to resolve the disparity between light and particle location, together with the need to reach an exact value for “π” (as was the basis for the axioms of time upon space in the development of the atom in the second paper). A list of features of this proposal of consciousness as an emergent entity will be presented that describes well-known features of the idea of our own ability to reason and be aware.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1010] viXra:1706.0488 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-27 07:52:04

Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 23 Pages.

This sequel to “Gravity’s Emergence from Electrodynamics” will more closely examine the process of time as the Golden Ratio equation when applied to space, more than developing electrodynamic wavefunction equations, but setting an axiomatic base for the Golden Ratio as time when applied to space. Through this process we shall derive π, the fine structure constant, and the speed of light, while also confirming through these independent equations the idea of the Uncertainty Principle and Quantum Entanglement. More specifically, three fundamental things to be demonstrated here using the Golden Ratio algorithm of time will be deriving the dipole of magnetism, the electrical monopole field, and their relation to the Golden Ratio in creating the basis for the Fine Structure Constant, charge of the electron, the speed of light, and the subatomic multi-traits of the elementary particles. In confirming the need to explain the reason for the upgraded axioms for time and space, a general criticism of contemporary physics’ current use of space and time and its limitation given the entirely hypothetical nature of the resultant cosmic modelling theory regarding a multiverse and its endless possibilities is presented. The solution to this problem is explained using a more solid definition for time as the Golden Ratio, more thoroughly presented here in the context of the initial paper “Gravity’s Emergence from Electrodynamics” [1]; the first paper was a general overview of the new a-priori for time, while this second paper examines all the generalisations and assumptions presented in the first paper, reaching ultimate theoretical axioms for time in the context of space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1009] viXra:1706.0488 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-04 07:36:20

Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 22 Pages.

This sequel to “Gravity’s Emergence from Electrodynamics” will more closely examine the process of time as the Golden Ratio equation when applied to space, more than developing electrodynamic wavefunction equations, but setting an axiomatic base for the Golden Ratio as time when applied to space. Through this process we shall derive π, the fine structure constant, and the speed of light, while also confirming through these independent equations the idea of the Uncertainty Principle and Quantum Entanglement. More specifically, three fundamental things to be demonstrated here using the Golden Ratio algorithm of time will be deriving the dipole of magnetism, the electrical monopole field, and their relation to the Golden Ratio in creating the basis for the Fine Structure Constant, charge of the electron, the speed of light, and the subatomic multi-traits of the elementary particles. In confirming the need to explain the reason for the upgraded axioms for time and space, a general criticism of contemporary physics’ current use of space and time and its limitation given the entirely hypothetical nature of the resultant cosmic modelling theory regarding a multiverse and its endless possibilities is presented. The solution to this problem is explained using a more solid definition for time as the Golden Ratio, more thoroughly presented here in the context of the initial paper “Gravity’s Emergence from Electrodynamics” [1]; the first paper was a general overview of the new a-priori for time, while this second paper examines all the generalisations and assumptions presented in the first paper, reaching ultimate theoretical axioms for time in the context of space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1008] viXra:1706.0139 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-07 12:06:51

Process Linked to Gravity Affecting Mass-Energy

Authors: Santiago Lopez Ugarte
Comments: 28 Pages.

The proposal assumes that the distortion of space-time due to relative velocity (Special Relativity), and the distortion of space-time produced by gravitational fields (General Relativity) are linked to changes of state that affect to mass-energy. The hypothesis proposes the existence of a process linked to gravity, this phenomenon would affect mass-energy. It would be required to add an additional condition (being a more restrictive scenario) keeping the field equations that define space-time curvature, but by adding the condition linked to the proposed phenomenon, the trajectory that would follow mass-energy in that curved space-time, changes with respect to the established by the officially accepted model. The effect is negligible if the distortion of space-time caused by a gravitational field does not have a significant value. The hypothesis proposed allows to calculate mathematically the discrepancy that would exist with respect to the current model. In case of being correct, the proposal would have important implications in diverse areas of science and its effect would be determinant in the study of black holes or questions related to Cosmology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1007] viXra:1706.0139 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-23 13:04:43

Process Linked to Gravity Affecting Mass-Energy

Authors: Santiago Lopez Ugarte
Comments: 25 Pages.

The proposal assumes that the distortion of space-time due to relative velocity (Special Relativity), and the distortion of space-time produced by gravitational fields (General Relativity) are linked to changes of state that affect to mass-energy. The hypothesis proposes the existence of a process linked to gravity, this phenomenon would affect mass-energy. It would be required to add an additional condition (being a more restrictive scenario) keeping the field equations that define space-time curvature, but by adding the condition linked to the proposed phenomenon, the trajectory that would follow mass-energy in that curved space-time, changes with respect to the established by the officially accepted model. The effect is negligible if the distortion of space-time caused by a gravitational field does not have a significant value. The hypothesis proposed allows to calculate mathematically the discrepancy that would exist with respect to the current model. In case of being correct, the proposal would have important implications in diverse areas of science and its effect would be determinant in the study of black holes or questions related to Cosmology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1006] viXra:1706.0139 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-19 12:54:35

Process Linked to Gravity Affecting Mass-Energy

Authors: Santiago Lopez Ugarte
Comments: 25 Pages.

The proposal assumes that the distortion of space-time due to relative velocity (Special Relativity), and the distortion of space-time produced by gravitational fields (General Relativity) are linked to changes of state that affect to mass-energy. The hypothesis proposes the existence of a process linked to gravity, this phenomenon would affect mass-energy. It would be required to add an additional condition (being a more restrictive scenario) keeping the field equations that define space-time curvature, but by adding the condition linked to the proposed phenomenon, the trajectory that would follow mass-energy in that curved space-time, changes with respect to the established by the officially accepted model. The effect is negligible if the distortion of space-time caused by a gravitational field does not have a significant value. The hypothesis proposed allows to calculate mathematically the discrepancy that would exist with respect to the current model. In case of being correct, the proposal would have important implications in diverse areas of science and its effect would be determinant in the study of black holes or questions related to Cosmology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1005] viXra:1706.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-07 13:19:22

How to Determine Initial Starting Time Step with an Initial Hubble Parameter H = 0 After Formation of Causal Structure Leading to Investigation of the Penrose Weyl Tensor Conjecture

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 24 Pages. Accepted for JHEPGC, by Christian Corda(this version) plus its rendition in a September Meeting in Kiev,

Detailed supposition setting up for a future Weyl Tensor vetting of the Penrose supposition of its vanishing in the site of a singularity. Paper lays out precursors to a detailed future calculation, on this, in four dimensions, and lays open what may be investigated in higher dimensions, as a window into early universe gravitational wave production.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1004] viXra:1706.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-27 20:45:11

How Scale Factors Determine Starting Time Step from Minimum Non Zero Value, Using Superfluid Universe Model, with an Initial Hubble Parameter H = 0 , with Later Hubble H ~ T(temperature), After Formation of Causal Structure to Obtain Graviton Productio

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: Includes causal boundary, Machs principle, and a review section on a modified Heisenberg Uncertainty principle, with 19 pages added in for the purpose of setting up a general Weyl Tensor calculation, and to see if it could vanish, near a singularity

This is our final future works project which we will attempt to confirm or to analyze via future data sets, and we will do it while asserting that is tied into a solution to Eq. (12) All these suppositions, plus the idea of when we go from Quantum to quasi-classical will be extended from Appendix D, and will be hopefully made congruence with respect to Appendix B, as far as the Weyl conjecture by Penrose, as well as also giving more explicit content to Appendix C, as far as the transition from one inflaton field, to perhaps many inflaton fields. With the initial inflaton field being approximately 41% of being one of the many past the causal boundary multiple inflaton fields. I.e. this transformation, as alluded to in Eq. (4) will be in its end product the graviton / gravitational wave generation of our model, and deserves further future elaboration. In doing so, the author wishes to add another experimental bench mark to review, namely that one has a mass of the graviton , at near light speed being greater than the presumed rest mass of the “massive” graviton, which would be a staggering increase in the effective mass of gravitons, traveling near the speed of light, right after the H= 0 causal boundary surface. The further explanation of this business is in Appendix D, and would be important in itself as far as to ascertain the fidelity of GW data sets, with the predictions of [19,20,21]. In itself this would be lending toward trying to ascertain experimental data set confirmation if this is viable and a reasonable datum to consider in this situation. As a datum which may explain the black hole situation where the mass of a graviton, should it exist, have a Compton wavelength greater than the GW wave fronts ascertained in the LIGO measurements, as well as other issues, in [19,20, 21] In doing all of this, we urge the readers to keep in mind earlier work done by the author as to a Modified Heinsenberg Uncertainty principle, which is summarized in Appendix E. All of what we have here should be summarized and compared to a result which is to be held in sync with the physics of Pre Planckian to Planckian physics as outlined below. It goes without saying that a major task of our future work should be comparing the results of Eq. (1) to Eq. (4) of our main document with the modified Heisenberg Uncertainty principle, in Appendix E. Also, and not least will be in doing further computational matching of our presumed Causal boundary, as given of about Planck Length in radii, as the pre Planckian to Planckian physics, boundary with the requirements of the Mach’s principle, as given in Appendix C, and Appendix D..
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1003] viXra:1706.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-26 20:06:58

How Scale Factors Determine Starting Time Step from Minimum Non Zero Value, Using Superfluid Universe Model, with an Initial Hubble Parameter H = 0 , with Later Hubble H ~ T(temperature), After Formation of Causal Structure to Obtain Graviton Production,

Authors: Andrew beckwith
Comments: 17 Pages. Added in addition an explanation as to how to reconcile the difference in the PGW from black holes, as in LIGO and the massive graviton Compton wavelength for a massive graviton. i.e. hint, it involves using Special relativity in Appendix D

Incorporation of having H=0 define a new causal boundary, for the beginning of the universe, with an explicit construction of interior, and exterior regions of space-time next to the causal boundary. Plus implications as far as a review and a possible reworking of the Penrose Weyl Curvature tensor suggestion, as was put in the following reference: [5] Penrose, Roger, “Singularities and Time-Asymmetry”, pp 581-638, of “General Relativity, An Einstein Centenary Survey”, Edited by Hawkings, S., and Israel, W., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1979, and also the boundary of the non-singular bubble of initial space-time is now defined via Mach's principle. Added in addition an explanation as to how to reconcile the difference in the PGW from black holes, as in LIGO and the massive graviton Compton wavelength for a massive graviton. i.e. hint, it involves using Special relativity in Appendix D
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1002] viXra:1706.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-24 23:27:07

How Scale Factors Determine Starting Time Step from Minimum Non Zero Value, Using Superfluid Universe Model, with an Initial Hubble Parameter H = 0 , with Later Hubble H ~ T(temperature), After Formation of Causal Structure to Obtain Graviton Productio

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 16 Pages. Added Three new appendix entries, with the lastest being on Mach's principle, as applied to this problem

Incorporation of having H=0 define a new causal boundary, for the beginning of the universe, with an explicit construction of interior, and exterior regions of space-time next to the causal boundary. Plus implications as far as a review and a possible reworking of the Penrose Weyl Curvature tensor suggestion, as was put in the following reference: [5] Penrose, Roger, “Singularities and Time-Asymmetry”, pp 581-638, of “General Relativity, An Einstein Centenary Survey”, Edited by Hawkings, S., and Israel, W., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1979, and also the boundary of the non singular bubble of initial space-time is now defined via Mach's princple
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1001] viXra:1706.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-18 18:24:47

How Scale Factors Determine Starting Time Step from Minimum Non Zero Value, Using Superfluid Universe Model, with an Initial Hubble Parameter H = 0 , with Later Hubble H ~ T(temperature), After Formation of Causal Structure to Obtain Graviton Productio

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 12 Pages. conceptually firms the document up and ties the disparate parts of the document in an added revidew of [5] Penrose, Roger, “Singularities and Time-Asymmetry”, pp 581-638, of “General Relativity, An Einstein Centenary Survey

Incorporation of having H=0 define a new causal boundary, for the beginning of the universe, with an explicit construction of interior, and exterior regions of space-time next to the causal boundary. Plus implications as far as a review and a possible reworking of the Penrose Weyl Curvature tensor suggestion, as was put in the following reference: [5] Penrose, Roger, “Singularities and Time-Asymmetry”, pp 581-638, of “General Relativity, An Einstein Centenary Survey”, Edited by Hawkings, S., and Israel, W., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1979
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1000] viXra:1706.0026 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-04 00:36:15

Illustration of the Emergence of Fundamental Forces

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here, within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we illustrate and describe briefly the emergence of fundamental forces.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory