Quantum Gravity and String Theory

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[1287] viXra:1801.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-20 00:45:39

Dark Energy and the Bohm-Poisson-Schroedinger Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 16 Pages. Submitted to Canadian Journal of Physics

We revisit the solutions to the nonlinear Bohm-Poisson (BP) equation with relevant cosmological applications. In particular, we obtain an exact analytical expression for the observed vacuum energy density and explain the origins of its repulsive gravitational nature. Further results are provided which include two possible extensions of the Bohm-Poisson equation to the full relativistic regime; how Bohm's quantum potential in four-dimensions could be re-interpreted as a gravitational potential in five-dimensions, and which explains why the presence of dark energy/dark matter in our 4D spacetime can only be inferred indirectly, but not be detected/observed directly. Solutions to the novel Bohm-Poisson-Schroedinger equation are provided encoding the repulsive nature of dark energy (repulsive gravity). We proceed with a discussion on Asymptotic safety, matter creation from the vacuum, and Finsler relativistic extensions of the Bohm-Poisson equation. Finally, we conclude with some comments about the Dirac-Eddington large numbers coincidences.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1286] viXra:1801.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-19 03:44:09

Quantum Gravity with Entangled Masses

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1285] viXra:1801.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-16 08:06:14

Sphere Theory Calculates a Hubble Constant in Line with Average of Wikipedia Summary

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory of Universe and Quantum world that everything is spheres made of spheres. Hubble size spheres, Planck Spheres and smaller spheres, multiverse spheres and perhaps larger spheres. Professor Adam Riess, from John Hopkins University states “A mathematical discrepancy in the expansion rate of the Universe is now "pretty serious", and could point the way to a major discovery in physics.” His newly calculated value is 73.24.(1) Sphere Theory calculates the value to be 71.03 (km/s)/Mpc (2) If we look at Evidence for Granulated Space, we that the size of the Hubble Sphere is 13.7659 billion light years(2) If we convert this to a constant Hubble Constant it converts to 71.03 (km/s)/Mpc. This compares to the following Hubble constants calculated from the Wikipedia summary table of 71.027. (km/s)/Mpc.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1284] viXra:1801.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-15 06:32:05

On Gravitational Quantum Wavefunctions

Authors: Jean Pierre Rukundo
Comments: 5 Pages.

A gravitational momentum space wavefunction and its inverse spacetime Fourier transformation are constructed from the classical particle Lagrangian. From non-relativistic metric, the momentum space wavefunction gives the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution with gravity temperature relation and the spacetime wavefunction gives the Schrodinger equation with a harmonic oscillator potential, leading to the Gauss’s law for gravity with mass density gravity relation. From the special relativity metric, which is shown to set the temperature at about 7.64×10^-12 K and density at about 3.58×10^9 kgm^-3, the momentum space wavefunction gives a relativistic momentum distribution and the spacetime wavefunction gives the Dirac equation with a spacetime potential. Finally, the many identical particles wavefunctions are also constructed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1283] viXra:1801.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-14 19:08:17

String Theory

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

Physicists like to use more than 3 dimensions but our universe only contains 3 dimensions, they don't seem to understand how it works. String theory requires 11 dimensions and that includes spacetime, but there can only be 3 dimensions in our universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1282] viXra:1801.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-10 02:13:45

Quantized Gravitational Field

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 100 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

Quantized Gravitational Field “I quantized the gravitational field with gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational field is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books that the gravitational field g is a vector at each point of space and time, a vector pointing directly towards the particle. In my Gravitation theory, the gravitational field is not continuous and differentiable function. Gravitons do not exist in Einstein’s gravitation theory, because General relativity is not a quantum theory. “In my Gravitation theory, the gravitational field is not a vector at each point of space and time, where there are not gravitons there is not gravitational field” Adrian Ferent “In my Gravitation theory the density of flux lines is replaced by graviton flux” Adrian Ferent “Gravitation field lines are gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Each graviton in the gravitational field has a speed v and a negative momentum p = -mv” Adrian Ferent “The graviton flux is defined as the number of gravitons per second per unit area” Adrian Ferent “The power density is the graviton flux multiplied by the energy of a single graviton” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1281] viXra:1801.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-08 00:58:46

The Relativity of Time

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this development upon five leading papers [1][2][3][4][5], the idea of the “relativity of time” shall be fully addressed, providing the rationale to how the overall manifold of time-space would perform regarding entropy and enthalpy, including in this description the model of consciousness proposed in paper 3 [3]. First, the idea of “subject” and “object” shall be presented regarding the time-relativity description, in explaining the role of consciousness in this process (given paper 3’s finding of consciousness being the logical emergence from chaos, the aim here arriving at fundamental features of consciousness that would already be apparent to our known traits of consciousness). More to this, more texture shall be provided to the explanation of the flow of time, detailing how time being relative in space according to the golden ratio has two features, namely “cause” and “effect”. Through examining cause and effect regarding time, an “end-zone” region of time-space shall be examined, the mechanics there as gravity/mass breaks down, and the idea of stellar quantum-entanglement, giving rise to a seemingly endless “image” of the stars. Following this, the idea of consciousness will be brought in to this new overall plane of time-space, in which a model of human consciousness will be forwarded. Through this discussion, ideas central to the red-shift effect, carbon dating, and the dimensions of the perceived galaxy will be forwarded, supported with accepted experimental findings. Finally, three new mechanisms of proof shall be proposed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1280] viXra:1801.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-06 22:47:02

The Evolution Revolution

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 15 Pages.

Are you and I here because of evolution? Or are we here because there is a humanistic, rational, scientific and entirely natural explanation for what is called God? If there is, we must ask: how does an "entirely natural" process end up being called "supernatural" by some people? The answer seems to lie with the applications in thousands of years from now of quantum mechanics being unified with general relativity - and the seeming SUPERnaturalness of those apps to today's world (they apparently embrace all of space and time). In years past, the denial of divine beings by science may have been logical. But times sometimes change radically. Such a paradigm shift seems to be upon us now, with the discovery of gravitational waves and the anticipation of quantum gravity. In changing times, scientists must always keep open minds. And if biological evolution explains less than we've come to believe, it is assumed that present theories concerning cosmic evolution might be in some - certainly not total - need of revision. This is explored in topics such as gravitation, infinity, quantum gravity, space-time travel, the universe's binary digits and topology, the reason the Higgs field is actually the gravitational - electromagnetic field, alleged universal expansion, and imaginary time. Many references are from the scientific literature but I do not apologize for those that come from popular science sources. Authors cannot allow these to be inaccurate if they value their reputation at all. And such references are often excellent at communicating ideas. I believe this article will obviously be seen by some as too speculative, and irrelevant to the early 21st century. The theoretical physicist John Wheeler once said some of the original papers on quantum mechanics were also considered extremely speculative. Look how far quantum mechanics has come in less than a century! So speculation is not a bad thing.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1279] viXra:1801.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-06 09:39:07

Electrical Moonshine

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 1 Page.

The electrical constant and its Eddington approximation 137 are both 10 ppb connected with the dimension 26 of bosonic string theory and the 'moonshine entropy' ln(196883).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1278] viXra:1801.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 09:29:14

General Theory of Relativity in the Theory of Emergent Space-Time-Matter (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 4 Pages.

Equations of the general theory of relativity are derived within the framework of the theory of emergent space-time-matter. A new interpretation of gravitation is given. The absence of quantum gravity is predicted.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1277] viXra:1801.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 05:27:07

Neutrons Probe Quantum Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1276] viXra:1801.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 06:04:25

Dark Decades in Particle Physics and Cosmology

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Mathematics is the Heaven of physics but at the same time can often be a hell that leads astray. Here we present a list of the twelve most illogical ideas in particle physics and cosmology accepted by the scientific community. One of the items on the list is the Higgs mechanism. We show that in fact the Higgs mechanism does not explain the origin of the gravitating masses or gravitational fields. The Higgs mechanism is a mathematical hocus-pocus because it does not refer to physical phenomena. The superluminal quantum entanglement causes that in reality quantum physics is classical and statistical. Observers claim that the Uncertainty Principle is valid because detectors can not see the superluminal exchanges. What’s more, the detectors see a statistical picture of a large number of consecutive states that are often the same states. Speed of photons in “vacuum” is invariant/the-same only in relation to the systems with which the photons are entangled.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1275] viXra:1801.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 23:37:31

Energy in the Three-Dimensional Gravity Chern-Simons.

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 1 Page.

In this variant, the geometry is related to the energy, which is equal to the average langrangian of three-dimensional gravity. The topology of a three-dimensional space generates the energy of a particle
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1274] viXra:1712.0672 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-30 14:40:48

Sphere Theory Describes Dark Energy

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Dark Energy seems to be mysterious. The Universe, it is said is made mainly of Baryonic Matter, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy. There are also the neutrinos and radiation. There is the critical density calculated from General Relativity, The ‘critical density’ is the average density of matter required for the Universe to just halt its expansion, but only after an infinite time. A Universe with the critical density is said to be flat.(1). Assuming that the standard model of cosmology is correct, the best current measurements indicate that dark energy contributes 68.3% of the total energy in the present-day observable universe. The mass–energy of dark matter and ordinary (baryonic) matter contribute 26.8% and 4.9%, respectively, and other components such as neutrinos and photons contribute a very small amount. (2, 3, 4, 5). This paper proposes and shows evidence for a spherical universe of finite size that is rotating on 3 axes where the Dark Energy is 68.2 percent of the universe and is simply the kinetic energy from the matter contained in the universe as the universe rotates on 3 axes.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1273] viXra:1712.0644 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 04:58:57

Gravitational Field is Gravitons

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 92 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Gravitational field is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational field is a discrete function” Adrian Ferent Gravitational field is not continuous and differentiable function. The momentum of the graviton is negative p = - m × v. “Gravitons have negative energy E = a × f and the speed higher than the speed of light” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books that a gravitational field is a model used to explain the influence of a mass into space. You learned about couple gravitational fields, using PDEs (conditions of continuity and differentiability). More complicated are the equations, more impressive is the theory for those who do not understand gravitations. Writing wrong and useless equations related to Einstein’s wrong gravitation theory was the job for the scientists in the last 100 years. In classical mechanics the gravitational field is the negative gradient of the gravitational potential. Einstein did not understand gravity and reinterpreted gravity not as a force pulling on objects but as a curvature of spacetime; Einstein's field equations. Quantum theories of gravity like String theory, LQG… try to reconcile general relativity with the principles of quantum mechanics. Because Einstein gravitation theory is wrong, quantum theories of gravity like String theory, LQG…are wrong theories. Einstein did not receive the Nobel Prize for his theory, but they received in 2017 the Nobel Prize for detection of gravitational waves, predicted by Einstein’s theory. LIGO announced the first-ever direct detection of gravitational waves. “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent As a consequence of Einstein wrong gravitation theory, the physicists explained how they can travel trough a black hole, trough a wormhole. “A black hole attracts with greater force a planet, than the planet attracts the black hole” Adrian Ferent This means: “Newton's third law is wrong” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1272] viXra:1712.0591 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-24 09:42:52

Fitting Newtonian Gravitational Constant with Microscopic Physical Constants

Authors: U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana
Comments: 29 Pages. Preprints2017,2017110119

By considering two virtual gravitational constants assumed to be associated with electromagnetic and strong interactions, in a theoretical and verifiable approach, we make an attempt to estimate the Newtonian gravitational constant from microscopic elementary physical constants. With respect to Fermi's weak coupling constant and root mean square radius of proton, estimated value of the Newtonian gravitational constant is 6.67454X10(-11) m3/kg/sec2 and our estimated value is 6.679856X10(-11) m3/kg/sec2.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1271] viXra:1712.0569 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-22 17:30:34

Photon Model with Duality of Particle and Wave

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 13 Pages.

Light is quantum which indicates the duality of particles and waves. Therefore, it is not possible to make a model of light to explain two antithetical characters at the same time. But, I succeeded to draw a model of light having simultaneously both characteristics of particles and waves based on “energy body theory”. The reason why light makes interference fringes in Young double slit experiment became clear by this. Particularly, the reason why interference fringes are made, even when photons are emitted one by one, if many photons are emitted, were also made clear. More, this photon model gives the reason to the phenomena such as reflection, refraction and invariable velocity of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1270] viXra:1712.0546 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-22 03:05:59

Correct Quantum Gravity is a Mechanical Effect Induced by Dynamic-Mass of Light’s Quanta

Authors: Antonio Puccini
Comments: 41 Pages.

In its natural state the electron is represented by superimposed quantum states. This is the phase of linear unitary evolution, or U Phase, described by Schrodinger equation. Whereas, when we carry out a measurement (M), it took place a reduction of the state vectors(R Process): we have the wave function collapse (WFC) of the measured quantum object (QO). The M, thus, produces a big changes on the physical properties of the observed particle. How do these changes happen? What is the secret mechanism which creates the WFC? We don’t know. With this paper we try to introduce a new parameter, induced by the electro-magnetic radiation (EMR), which can help us discern the doubts about the R Process, and try to find a continuity in order to link the U Phase to the R Process, so contrasting at the moment. The new parameter could be a gravity and quantum effect, when we try to make a M of a subatomic object. What is this effect represented by? It is a gravitational effect, since it is a mass-effect, a mechanical action induced by quanta of EMR: therefore, it is also a quantum effect. The photon (P) is indispensable to carry out a M. No M can be carried out without using the EMR. Calculus show that a P of the optic band hits an electron with a dynamic-mass, a radiation pressure, a pushing momentum equal to 1.32510-22[gcm/s]. Thus, we can infer it is a quantum gravitational effect to cause the WFC of the QO undergoing the M. In short, it could be essentially the mechanical action represented by the gravitational mass effect of light’s quanta to induce the WFC and the Measurement’s Paradox and, likely, make a starting point to a Correct Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1269] viXra:1712.0529 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-21 01:03:10

Principle of Uncertainty of Energy and Volume

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 1 Page.

This relationship shows that the fluctuation in the volume of the geometry of space generates an energy fluctuation, that is, matter. Matter is created from the topology of space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1268] viXra:1712.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-15 09:53:51

On Quantization of Interacting Velocity Gauge Fields

Authors: Jean Pierre Rukundo
Comments: 5 Pages.

The many velocity gauge fields interaction Lagrangian density is extended to a continuous spectrum Lagrangian then quantized and normalized. The Euler-Lagrange equation is transformed to the Yang-Mills field, curvature and integral operators. The Yang-Mills field operator quantization gives the equivalent Dirac equation, the integral operator quantization gives perturbation series similar to the path integral formulation of Quantum mechanics and the curvature operator gives the Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian. In all quantization cases, the field form operators have mass eigenvalue. Finally, the normalization of the wave function gives the Lagrangian of massive particle Lagrangian with many different representations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1267] viXra:1712.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-13 09:10:04

Using Klauder’s Enhanced Quantization to Set a Bound to the Cosmological Constant, in Pre Planckian Space as a Way to Ascertain the Most Important Fundamental Physics Question.

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 5 Pages. would be entry into new FQXI contest

We are looking at comparison of two action integrals and we identify the Lagrangian multiplier as setting up a constraint equation (on cosmological expansion). In FFP 15, in the Author’s presentation, one of the two compared action integrals was from Hambler’ Quantum Gravity reference, while another was given as similar to the action principle of the Hilbert idea of General Relativistic derivation of the Einstein Field Equations. What we have done is to replace the Hambler Quantum gravity reference based action integral with a result straight from John Klauder’s “Enhanced Quantization” tome. In doing so, with also a nod to Thanu Padamabhan’s treatment of the inflaton, we then commence to initiate an explicit bound upon the cosmological constant. The further approximation is to use the inflaton results, and conflate them with John Klauder’s Action principle for a way to , if we have the idea of a potential well, generalized by Klauder, with a wall of space time in the Pre Planckian regime to ask what bounds the Cosmological constant prior to inflation. We argue this is the most important fundamental question in physics today, for reasons we elaborate upon in the conclusion. Key words, Ricci Scalar, inflaton physics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1266] viXra:1712.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 00:52:04

The Effect of Geometry on Quantum Mechanics

Authors: John Peel
Comments: 12 Pages. References to be supplied. the author can be contacted at jpeel01@hotmail.com

The author attempts to unify General Relativity with Quantum Mechanics. This involves the use of the Cartesian Axes as the building blocks of reality. A certain set is employed and this permeates the content of the article. The author can be contacted at jpeel01@hotmail.com.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1265] viXra:1712.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-11 15:45:55

Misunderstanding Definition Of The Gravity Of General Relativity

Authors: Ozan Varli
Comments: 4 Pages. A Highly Consistent Hypothesis Which Supports All The Observations

Description in the theory of general relativity of the gravity is completely just a misunderstanding. Because curvature of space is caused by gravity. Gravity is a field force that bends space, because it causes acceleration as shown by Newton. And a new theory of gravity which supports our observations is suggested named as neutral field.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1264] viXra:1712.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-11 21:42:54

The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is 42

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

What is the Ultimate Answer to Life the Universe and Everything? According to the “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” an advanced race of beings invented a supercomputer called Deep Thought, which after 7.5 million years came up with the answer of 42. The answer could very well be related to 42. Sphere theory is a theory where the universe is made of spheres, which are made of spheres etc. It is also a theory where perfection and imperfection are in competition, where perfect packing is cuboctahedron packing and imperfect packing is spheres packed around spheres. This imperfect packing always results in the imperfect amount of packing is nearly equal to the outer layer of spheres, which is likely related to the holographic principle. This paper shows that this spherical structure of nature is followed until the structure becomes a cuboctahedron with an outer layer of 42 spheres. The Hubble Sphere was found to have a surface area 1.047987*10^80 Planck spheres. The Planck Spheres were found to have a surface area of 6.588269 *10^40 Kaluza spheres. This paper works to help explain where these quantities come from.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1263] viXra:1712.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-10 13:41:40

Mass, Energy and Force in the Theory of Emergent Space-Time-Matter (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 3 Pages.

The concepts of mass, force and energy in the theory of generated space-time-matter are described.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1262] viXra:1712.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-07 07:49:41

Tabby Star’s Support for New Pysics Starspot Black Holes of Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 36 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, Sunspots and Starspots in general are originated by former Comet nuclei crashed into the sun (or stars) which should be interpreted as new physics black holes. Those black holes seem to be able repel Fermionic matter but absorb the Axion Higgs field vacuum, which is the origin of a constant nuclear black hole growing ins size, but not in mass effect. Tabby’s star seems to be a star being preparing for super nova explosion by the over density of starspot black hole populations, just as is observed in super novas such as the Helix nebula, showing rings of point like hotspots interpreted as former starspots, expelled from the nucleus. As a consequence, in Quantum FFF Theory ( Function Follows Form) all black holes should deviate strongly from the black holes as proposed by the physics community and could be named “electric dark matter black holes” with an external negative charge without graviton radiation or even real mass- and inertia effects. The gravity effect observed around black holes is supposed to be originated by the dark energy pressure of the external massless “Oscillating Axion Higgs Rigid String Vacuum Lattice” The Massless Axion-Higgs Vacuum Rigid String particle, is the transformer into all other particles (Bosons, Fermions) and even concentrated in Micro and Macro Dark Matter Black Hole Nuclei. Q-FFF Theory, is basically a classical theory based on transformable rigid string based building blocks of a raspberry shaped clockwork multiverse, however these building blocks are all instantly guided by long distance entanglement between CP symmetric copy universal bubbles. As a consequence Quantum FFF Theory should be called a semi classical theory, Those particles are supposed to be based on only one original transformable ring shaped massless virgin particle called the Axion/Higgs vacuum and black hole particle assumed to be the product of the symmetric cyclic cold big bang black hole nucleus as the creator of only one symmetrical raspberry shaped multiverse equipped with an even number of material and anti material universal bubbles. The sheer simplicity of such a system is perhaps the reason that I could not find comparable proposals for theories of everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1261] viXra:1712.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-06 21:21:19

Reflections on the Reality of the Wavefunction

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle MAEc BAEc BPhil
Comments: 18 Pages.

This paper further explores the structural similarities between the elementary quantum-mechanical wavefunction and circularly polarized electromagnetic waves to further tune a possible physical interpretation of the wavefunction. The interpretation that is offered analyzes the real and the imaginary part of the wavefunction as oscillations which each carry half of the total energy of the particle. These oscillations are perpendicular to each other, and the interplay between both may describe how energy propagates through space over time. The model is based on three fundamental premises: 1.The dimension of the matter-wave field vector is force per unit mass (N/kg), as opposed to the force per unit charge (N/C) dimension of the electric field vector. This dimension is an acceleration (m/s2), which is the dimension of the gravitational field. 2.This gravitational disturbance may cause a charged mass to move about some center, combining linear and circular motion. This interpretation may reconcile the wave-particle duality to some extent: fields interfere but if, at the same time, they do drive a pointlike particle, this may explain why, as Feynman puts it, “when you do find the electron some place, the entire charge is there.” This hybrid hypothesis is supported by an elegant yet simple derivation of the Compton radius of an electron. 3.In light of the direction of the magnetic moment of an electron in an inhomogeneous magnetic field, the plane which circumscribes the circulatory motion of the electron should also comprise the direction of its linear motion. Hence, unlike an electromagnetic wave, the plane of the two-dimensional oscillation cannot be perpendicular to the direction of motion of our electron. Finally, this paper addresses an issue which has hampered other physical interpretations of the wavefunction: amplitude transformations when going from one representation (or reference frame) to another. Indeed, the author re-visits the original mathematical arguments here and shows that the proposed model, and the related physical interpretation of the wavefunction, are not incompatible with the key results and mainstream logic in this regard.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1260] viXra:1712.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 11:17:24

The Massless Axion-Higgs Vacuum Rigid String Particle, Even in Micro and Macro Dark Matter Black Hole Nuclei.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 36 Pages.

The Massless Axion-Higgs Vacuum Rigid String particle, is the transformer into all other particles and even concentrated in Micro and Macro Dark Matter Black Hole Nuclei. Quantum FFF Theory is basically a classical theory based on transformable rigid string based building blocks of a raspberry shaped clockwork multiverse, however these building blocks are all instantly guided by long distance entanglement between CP symmetric copy universal bubbles. As a consequence Quantum FFF Theory should be called a semi classical theory, Those particles are supposed to be based on only one original transformable ring shaped massless virgin particle called the Axion/Higgs vacuum and black hole particle assumed to be the product of the symmetric cyclic cold big bang black hole nucleus as the creator of only one symmetrical raspberry shaped multiverse equipped with an even number of material and anti material universal bubbles. The sheer simplicity of such a system is perhaps the reason that I could not find comparable proposals for theories of everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1259] viXra:1712.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-04 14:28:19

Spacetime Conversion into Matter

Authors: Gary Heen
Comments: 7 Pages.

The model put forth in this paper presupposes that spacetime is not a mathematical abstraction but has a basis in physical reality with matter and spacetime being convertible states of the same theoretical quantum particle. This postulated quantum particle is composed of D-branes and Type I strings and the nomenclature for this brane/string complex is the B-string.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1258] viXra:1712.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 06:15:59

Deceleration of Massive Bodies Due to Forehead and Backhead Collisions with Gravitons

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov
Comments: 4 Pages.

The additional deceleration of massive bodies in the model of low-energy quantum gravity due to forehead and backhead collisions with gravitons is re-calculated in this note. It is shown that this deceleration $w$ is equal to: $w=-H_{0}c \cdot 4v^{2}/c^{2}\cdot (1-v^{2}/c^{2})^{0.5},$ where $H_{0} $ is the Hubble constant, $c$ is the velocity of light, $v$ is the body's velocity relative to the background.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1257] viXra:1712.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-03 15:12:37

The Algebra of Non Local Quantum Gravity

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 23 Pages. First draft

Quantum gravity, which necessarily breaks the equivalence principle, is most easily discussed using the hypothesis of non local mass generation. Here we define all the essential elementary algebra needed to understand the new cosmology and its quantitative consequences. There is no dark matter and no dark energy. Mass is quantised much as spin is quantised, and gravity emerges from quantum information.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1256] viXra:1712.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-03 16:13:54

Emergence of the Laws of Nature in the Developing Universe 1

Authors: Evgeny A Novikov
Comments: 11 Pages.

Evolution of our universe with continuous production of matter by the vacuum, is described. The analysis is based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), supported by the cosmic data without fitting. Various types of matter are selected by the vacuum in accordance with stability of the developing universe. All laws of nature are emergent and approximate, including the conservation of energy. The (3+1)-dimensional space-time and gravity were selected first. Than came quantum condensate of gravitons (dark matter). Photons and other ordinary matter were selected much later during formation of galaxies, when the background condensate becomes gravitationally unstable. The effect of radiation on the global dynamics is described in terms of conservation of the enthalpy density. Mass of neutrino (as the first massive fermionic particle) is estimated, in accord with experimental bound. The electric dipole moment of neutrino is also estimated. The oscillations of neutrinos are explained in terms of interaction with background condensate. The phenomena of subjective experiences are also explained in terms of interaction of the action potentials of neurons with the background dipolar condensate, which opens a new window into the dark sector of matter. The Qmoger theory goes beyond the Standard Model and the Quantum Field Theory, but can be combined with their achievements. Key words: quantum modification of general relativity, emergence of the laws of nature, isenthalpic universe, oscillating neutrinos, subjective experiences and dark sector of matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1255] viXra:1712.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-01 16:29:25

The Spherical Energy Perturbations Symmetry of QCD Constituents Quantizes EFE as the Glue-balls

Authors: Yazzed Al-Harbi
Comments: 13 Pages.

Yang-Mills theory, one of the most important questions is to mathematically explain the mass gap, or nonzero mass, in quantum applications of the formulas. By deriving continuous lattice and perturbative formulations in this paper for QCD constitutions representing the mass gap, As a consequence The fourmulations obey general and special relativity, Newton's gravitational law and Klein-Gordon equation as the "Glue-balls".
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1254] viXra:1712.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-02 02:57:02

On Velocity Gauge Field Approach of Interactions

Authors: Jean Pierre Rukundo
Comments: 5 Pages.

A unified Mathematical framework which describes particles interactions both in classical field theory of gravity and quantum field theory is presented, by introducing a velocity gauge field. The velocity gauge field Lagrangian is developed and shown to be equivalent to the Dirac field and related to the Electromagnetic field. The velocity fields interactions are shown to produce the Einstein-Hilbert action Lagrangian. Similar extension of the Mathematical framework to the Electromagnetic field produces the Quantum electrodynamics and Yang-Mills fields Lagrangians. Finally, a unified Lagrangian describing both velocity field and Electromagnetic field types is presented and alternative formulation suggested.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1253] viXra:1711.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-29 05:53:45

Sphere Theory and Planck Mass

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

In “Evidence for Granular Space-time”(1), Sphere Theory was proposed as a hypothesis by the author that the universe is a sphere made of spheres that again are made of smaller spheres. The levels of spheres, that were studied, are as follows; the Hubble sphere, which is of the order of 13.8 billion light years in radius; the Planck Sphere, which is the order of the Comptom wavelength of the neutron; and Kaluza sphere, which has Planck dimensions. The value N=6.57920*10^40 was determined to be the amount of Kaluza spheres on the outside of three Planck spheres. If we assign mass to be equivalent to a number of spheres we can show that Planck Mass is the number of Kaluza spheres in the volume of 3 Planck Spheres and The mass of the Neutron is layer of Kaluza spheres on the surface of 3 Planck Spheres. It was discussed in “The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere” (2), that active part of the Planck Sphere and Hubble Sphere is due to imperfections in the packing of spheres with spheres, that turns out to be almost exactly equivalent to the outer surface of the sphere. Although these imperfections of packing are throughout the sphere, they are equivalent to outer packing surface of the sphere. It is these imperfections that are the only pieces of information in the sphere, the rest is perfectly packed and offer no information.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1252] viXra:1711.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-28 08:07:58

The Semi Classical Model of Quantum FFF Theory based on Symmetric Transformable Entangled Rigid Strings.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 35 Pages.

Quantum FFF Theory is a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and transformation processes of real but different shaped symmetric sub quantum rigid stringy particles. Those particles are supposed to be based on only one original transformable ring shaped massless virgin particle called the Axion/Higgs particle assumed to be the product of the symmetric cyclic big bang nucleus as the creation of a limited symmetrical multiverse equipped with an even number of material and anti material universal bubbles. The Q-FFF theory is called Semi classical because in addition to the ring shaped transformable rigid string particles, all universal bubbles are assumed to be each others Charge Parity mirror symmetric universal bubbles which are assumed to be instant entangled down to each individual string particle created out of the Axion Higgs splitting cold Big Bang. The sheer simplicity of such a system is perhaps the reason that I could not find comparable proposals for theories of everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1251] viXra:1711.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-26 11:25:07

Cosmological Quantum Gravity

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 4 Pages.

The mirror neutrino hypothesis for quantum gravity has been used to resolve known cosmological problems using quantised inertia. In this note we clarify the theoretical principles, describe the true electroweak vacuum, and explain where conventional holographic scenarios go wrong.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1250] viXra:1711.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-27 04:44:38

Planar Yang-Mills 101

Authors: Nicholas R. Wright
Comments: 9 Pages.

The point is to define the limiting continuum field theory. In principle, this might even be done without taking limits. The Hamiltonian, the operator on the quantum Hilbert space which generates time translations, has a square root called the supercharge. Here we use the Moon model and Parfait logic. Furthermore, although one has changed the problem, one still has a fairly close relation to the original problem using the ideology of the renormalization group. We can start with a supersymmetric theory, and add supersymmetry breaking terms to the action which only become important at long distances as many lattice spacings, to obtain a theory with the better renormalization properties of the supersymmetric theory at short distances, but which reduces to conventional Yang-Mills theory at longer distances. Thus, a solution to the problem in a sufficiently general class of supersymmetric theories, would in fact imply the solution of the original problem. We propose a Cacace tetraoxygen universe relative to a Poincaré Dodecahedral Space. This is called an oxozone.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1249] viXra:1711.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-26 04:01:16

Time as Energy

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this development upon four previous papers [1][2][3][4], we shall finally explain the link between the idea of “time” and “energy”, in bringing the idea of parity between time and energy while explaining why quantum entanglement [5] as a concept is “immediate” (seeming to break the confines of time itself). First, we shall integrate the idea of time as energy into all the references made regarding energy in the four preceding papers, to demonstrate the consistency and greater detail available to the theory via this method of time-energy regard. Then, we shall derive the temperature of the background microwave radiation [6] in expanding upon paper 4, suggesting a “reverse” process to entropy is in play regarding the cosmic background microwave radiation and associated heat/temperature generation. Finally, we will then be able to propose the nature of the appearance of the universe of stars in this new context, through this new filter of time-energy regard.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1248] viXra:1711.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-21 18:39:55

A Formulation of Vacuum Quantum Relativity.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 5 Pages.

A theory of vacuum quantum gravity is developed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1247] viXra:1711.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-19 00:11:03

Creating a (Quantum?) Constraint, in Pre Planckian Space-Time Early Universe Via the Einstein Cosmological Constant in a One to One and Onto Comparison Between Two Action Integrals. (Text of Talk for FFP 15, Spain November 30, 11 am-11:30 Am, Conference

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 9 Pages. FFP 15 talk, half an hour, November 30, 11-11:30 AM

** NOTE, this is a “30 minute” Communications talk approved by Jesus, of FFP15 For November 30, 2017. Presumably for the conference proceedings** We are looking at comparison of two action integrals and we identify the Lagrangian multiplier as setting up a constraint equation (on cosmological expansion). Two action integrals, one which is connected with quantum gravity is called equivalent to another action integral, and the 2nd action integral has a Lagrangian multiplier in it. Using the idea of a Lagrangian multiplier as a constraint equation, we draw our conclusions in a 1 to 1 and onto assumed equivalence between the two action integrals. The viability of the 1 to 1 and onto linkage between the two action integrals is open to question, but if this procedure is legitimate , the conclusions so assumed are fundamentally important. We also state this procedure should be streamed toward giving substance to the paper entitled “Fast optimization algorithms and the cosmological constant”, by Ning Bao, et.al.2017 , as a way to find conditions for restricting the size of the cosmological constant to be of 10^ - 120 for reasons we discuss as a future works project. We come up with relic GW which are after 65 e folds of inflationary expansion leading to 10 ^ 36 GHz high frequency GW being possible at the site of formation of the 10^-120 sized cosmological constant, for 10 GHz HFGW today. After 65 e folds of inflationary expansion Key words, Ricci Scalar, inflaton physics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1246] viXra:1711.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-16 08:05:05

The Awareness Theory of Everything

Authors: Nathan Hamaoui
Comments: 9 Pages. an original theory of everything, copyrighted in referenced book by same author

This paper presents a unique ‘Theory of Everything’ that starts from the bottom up – building the universe from almost scratch. It then proceeds to define and map basic physical concepts including time and space. Viewed from this theory’s perspective, many currently axiomatic and paradoxical phenomena make natural sense.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1245] viXra:1711.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-16 13:47:53

Neutrino Phases and the CKM Matrix

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Brannen circulants extend Koide’s rule for the charged leptons to the neutrinos. Assuming Koide’s rule is correct, we look at the deviation from 2/9 in the lepton phase, noting a striking correspondence with the CKM Euler angles. An estimate for the fine structure constant is included.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1244] viXra:1711.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 06:12:59

Quantum Gravity and Neutrinos

Authors: Jeremiah Johnson
Comments: 8 Pages.

Examining the relationship between solar neutrino flux and gravity finds they correlate by $\frac{(2\mathit{GM})}{\varrho _t}=c^2\ell _P t$ where $\varrho _t$ are neutrinos produced per t time, c is the speed of light in a vacuum, and is Planck's length. The correlation finds a match to within 0.74% of modern standard solar models and 0.63% of solar neutrino measured values(well within the margin of error). I also consider how this simplifies the Schwarzschild radius and the ramifications of this model on gravitational time dilation. Lastly, I consider how the relation between neutrinos and gravity may help unravel the positive cosmological constant and Supernova behavior.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1243] viXra:1711.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-12 16:44:05

Calculating Mass of Higgs Boson, and Complex (Imaginary?) Higgs Boson Mass Changed to Real Mass in Electro-Weak Era

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 25 Pages.

We obtain a polynomial based iterative solution for early universe creation of the Higgs boson mass, using a polynomial with the coefficients for derived through integral formulations with the mass of a Higgs boson, and the construction of the coefficients derived as of the using a potential system, for the Higgs, largely similar to the Peskin and Schroeder quantum field theoretic treatment for a Higgs potential. Afterwards, we examine if mass may have complex number and possibly imaginary values, with attendant description of consequences in the electroweak regime of space-time. We end with a description of Imaginary mass becoming Real in Electroweak, with resultant consequences for DM discussed in the last section with explicit construction of space-time bubbles nucleated due to imaginary mass of Higgs becoming real, as a contributing source of GW radiation in Electroweak era
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1242] viXra:1711.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-11 17:44:40

Elementary Forces and Particles Correlating with Ordinary Matter, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper discusses and applies a basis for modeling elementary forces and particles. We show that models based on isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators describe aspects of the four traditional fundamental physics forces and point to some known and possible elementary particles. We summarize results from models based on solutions to equations featuring isotropic pairs of isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators. Results include predictions for new elementary particles and possible descriptions of dark matter and dark energy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1241] viXra:1711.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-05 03:05:12

On Dark Energy and the Relativistic Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 14 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

Recently, solutions to the $nonlinear$ Bohm-Poisson (BP) equation were found with relevant cosmological applications. We were able to obtain an exact analytical expression for the observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. In this work we provide further results which include two possible extensions of the Bohm-Poisson equation to the full relativistic regime; explain how Bohm's quantum potential in four-dimensions could be re-interpreted as a gravitational potential in five-dimensions, and which explains why the presence of dark energy/dark matter in our $4D$ spacetime can only be inferred $indirectly$, but not be detected/observed directly. We conclude with some comments about the Dirac-Eddington large numbers coincidences.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1240] viXra:1711.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 03:29:57

Special Theory of Relativity in the Theory of Emergent Space-Time-Matter (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 5 Pages.

The derivation of Lorentz transformations is shown in the theory of emergent space-time-matter. A new interpretation of the Lorentz transformations and special theory of relativity is given.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1239] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 14:54:45

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 6 Pages.

The observationally successful FRW cosmology of Riofrio provides a viable alternative to LCDM. In this context we study neutrinos in quantum gravity using McCulloch’s approach to quantum inertia. There is no dark energy and no dark matter, and mirror states are informationally connected to the CMB. Quantitative consequences include (i) a present day CMB temperature of 2.75K and (ii) an effective sterile neutrino mass of 1.29eV.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1238] viXra:1711.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 08:38:53

Speed of Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Recent gravitational wave detections have allowed physicists to confirm with greater and greater precision what Einstein predicted over 100 years ago in the theory of general relativity: that gravity does not act instantaneously as Newton thought, but instead propagates at the speed of light. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1237] viXra:1710.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 23:11:27

All of Geometry.

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper, I want to conclude that elementary particles are topological objects of the geometric nature of the three-dimensional gravity of Chern Simons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1236] viXra:1710.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-31 11:06:27

Higher Derivative Relativistic Quantum Gravity

Authors: S.A. Larin
Comments: 7 Pages.

Relativistic quantum gravity with the action including tems quadratic in the curvature tensor is analyzed. We derive new expressions for the crresponding Lagrangian and the graviton propagator. We argue that the considered model is a good candidate for the fundamental quantum theory of gravitation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1235] viXra:1710.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-28 15:57:17

Black Hole Entropy Leads to the Non-Local Grid Dimensions Theory

Authors: Eran sinbar, Yoav Weinstein, Gabriel Sinbar
Comments: 12 Pages.

Based on Prof. Bekenstein and Prof. Hawking, the black hole maximal entropy , the maximum amount of information that a black hole can absorb, beyond its event horizon is proportional to the area of its event horizon divided by quantized area units, in the scale of Planck area (the square of Planck length).[1] This quantization in entropy and information in the quantized units of Planck area leads us to the assumption that space is not “smooth” but rather divided into quantized units (“space cells”). Although the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy equation describes a specific case regarding the quantization of the 2D event horizon, this idea can be generalized to the standard 3 dimension (3D) flat space, outside and far away from the black hole’s event horizon. In this general case we assume that these quantized units of space are 3D quantized space “cells” in the scale of Planck length in each of its 3 dimensions. If this is truly the case and the universe fabric of space is quantized to local 3D space cells in the magnitude size of Planck length scale in each dimension, than we assume that there must be extra non-local space dimensions situated in the non-local bordering’s of these 3D space cells since there must be something dividing space into these quantized space cells. Our assumption is that these bordering’s are extra non local dimensions which we named as the “GRID” (or grid) extra dimensions, since they look like a non-local 3D grid bordering of the local 3D space cells. These non-local grid dimensions are responsible for all unexplained non-local phenomena’s like the well-known non-local entanglement or in the phrase of Albert Einstein “spooky action at a distance” [2].So by proving that space-time is quantized we prove the existence of the non-local grid dimension that divides space-time to these quantized 3D Planck scale cells.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1234] viXra:1710.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-25 15:37:57

The Most Important Nobel Prize, for Gravitational Waves Detection, the Biggest Fraud in Science

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 83 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Gravitational waves are carried by gravitons” Adrian Ferent “The Gravitational waves have their energy contained in gravitons” . Adrian Ferent “Gravitons have negative energy E = a × f and the speed higher than the speed of light” Adrian Ferent Gravitons are the carriers of the gravitational interactions at quantum level in my theory of quantized gravity. Einstein did not receive the Nobel Prize for his wrong gravitation theory, but they received the Nobel Prize for the gravitational waves, predicted by Einstein’s wrong theory. Einstein did not understand quantum gravity. Ferent quantum gravity theory is the right gravitation theory. For Einstein, Gravitational waves are ripples in the curvature of spacetime that propagate as waves with the speed of light. “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the time, Ferent unbent the time” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent “LIGO is the biggest fraud in science” Adrian Ferent “In the last 100 years nobody discovered 1 meter of curved space” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1233] viXra:1710.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-26 12:45:01

The Foundations of Science: Preliminary Outline

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 30 Pages.

outline of book project
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1232] viXra:1710.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-26 15:37:08

The Foundations of Science: Preliminary Draft.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 32 Pages.

preliminary version of a book about foundations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1231] viXra:1710.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-23 20:53:44

Wavelength of Bright Line Spectrum from Hydrogen

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 7 Pages.

The wavelength of the bright line spectrum of light from a hydrogen atom is explained by Niels Henrik David Bohr's hydrogen atom model. But, I assumed that "the energy and momentum of a photon " were equal to "electronic kinetic energy", in the unique way from Bohr's hydrogen atom model, and it was confirmed that the wavelengths of the bright line spectrums of light from a hydrogen atom were calculated correctly. This thing means that electronic kinetic energy becomes a photon being separated from an electron. Moreover, it means that the direction and velocity of a traveling photon is different from well-known ones of light which is generally admitted.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1230] viXra:1710.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-24 01:42:13

Novel Remarks on the Cosmological Constant, the Bohm-Poisson Equation and Asymptotic Safety in Quantum Gravity

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 9 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

Recently, solutions to the $nonlinear$ Bohm-Poisson equation were found [2] with cosmological applications. We were able to obtain a value for the vacuum energy density of the same order of magnitude as the extremely small observed vacuum energy density, and explained the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. In this work we show how to obtain a value for the vacuum energy density which coincides $exactly$ with the extremely small observed vacuum energy density. This construction allows also to borrow the results over the past two decades pertaining the study of the Renormalization Group (RG) within the context of Weinberg's Asymptotic Safety scenario. The RG flow behavior of $ G $ shows that $ G $ $increases$ with distance, so that the magnitude of the repulsive force exemplified by $ - G < 0 $ becomes larger, and larger, as the universe expands. This is what is observed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1229] viXra:1710.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-23 04:19:04

Kilonova Merger Black Holes as the Origin of Dark Matter Black Hole Halo Population.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 36 Pages.

Small KiloNova Merger Black Holes could be the origin of micro lensing Dark Matter Micro QSO Galaxy Halo population and 511 KeV Halo point sources. Halton Arp was the first astronomer who observed accelerating QSO objects ( Quasi Stellar Objects or Quasars) out of the galaxy into the halo sphere. Now we suggest (according to Quantum FFF Theory) that dark matter is the same as black holes small or large , which are assumed to accelerate away from local gravity centers just as observed by H.Arp. At the same time it is assumed that the dark matter structure of the galaxy halo is mainly based on small black holes formed by Neutron star mergers. Reason to search for so called gravitational micro QSO lensing events in the MW halo also called MACHO, Masco or Salco. A second Halo postulation, is that the Big Bang was the evaporation and splitting of a former Big Crunch black hole nucleus of compressed Axion Higgs particles. This Big Crunch real particle based nucleus created the oscillating Axion /Higgs field vacuum lattice and numerous chunky nuclei of massive dark matter black holes. The oscillating vacuum Lattice is supposed to represent a dynamic reference frame of flux tubes, and the so called Dark Energy or Zero Point Energy acting as the motor for all Fermion spin and as the transfer medium for all photon information, leading to local lightspeed and local time. The local lattice length is called Planck length, which is assumed to vary dependent on the distance to local vacuum absorbers in the form of black hole nuclei, which grow continuously, in contrast with the so called Hawking evaporation of black holes. The energetic vacuum lattice is also assumed to act as a Gravity Quantum Dipole Repeller because gravitons are not supposed to attract- but repel Fermions, however with less impulse than the vacuum dark energy particles. As a consequence, Feynman diagrams become more complex than before
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1228] viXra:1710.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-18 04:43:32

An Elegant Solution to the Cosmological Constant Problem based on The Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 5 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

After applying the recently proposed Bohm-Poisson equation [1] to the observable Universe as a $whole$, and by introducing an ultraviolet (Planck) and infrared (Hubble) scale, one can naturally obtain a value for the vacuum energy density of the $same$ $magnitude$ as the extremely small observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. Because Bohm's formulation of QM is by construction non-local, it is this non-locality which casts light into the crucial ultraviolet/infrared entanglement of the Planck/Hubble scales which was required in order to obtain the observed value of the vacuum energy density.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1227] viXra:1710.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-18 11:28:03

Nuclear Quantum Gravity – A First Review

Authors: U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana
Comments: 14 Pages. Prespacetime Journal. (2017). 8(6): 777-791.

To have a unified model of nuclear quantum gravity, it seems quite reasonable to consider a large nuclear gravitational constant, $G_s \cong 3.3\pm 0.03 times 10^{28}$ $m^3/kg/sec^2$. In this context, we show practical applications pertaining to micro physics as well as macro physics. We would like to suggest that: (1) $G_s$ plays a crucial role in understanding quantum theory of light, photoelectric work functions, superconductivity, nuclear binding energy, nuclear root mean square charge radii, neutron-proton mass difference, nuclear stability, nuclear magnetic dipole moments, weak coupling angle, Fermi’s weak coupling constant, proton melting point and total energy of electron in Hydrogen atom etc.; (2) Nuclear binding energy can be understood with a single energy coefficient of magnitude 10 MeV. (3) Newtonian gravitational constant $G_N$ and the proposed $G_s$ play a joint role in understanding neutron star mass generation as well as proton mass generation; and (4) Considering $G_s$ as a characteristic feature of magnetism, celestial bodies ‘mass dependent’ magnetic dipole moments can be estimated.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1226] viXra:1710.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-15 13:08:02

Inertia

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 2 Pages.

We consider how inertia appears in the theory of emergent space-time-matter. The phenomenon of inertia is explained for the case of the presence of reflection symmetry (parity) in the wave function. This symmetry is broken only in weak interactions. For the case of weak interaction, there is no explanation for inertia, but there is an assumption that the development of a mathematical model based on the construction of universes from the field of the Metauniverse will justify the inertia for such a case.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1225] viXra:1710.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-17 05:55:47

Projection Gravitation, a Projection Force from 5-Dimensional Space-Time Into 4-Dimensional Space-Time

Authors: XiaoLin Li
Comments: 30 Pages.

A new gravity theory. Gravity is a projection force from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The Lorentz symmetry is a projection of particle-wave symmetry from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The gravity is an additional projection force of Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity is an extension to Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity can be seen as some kind of symmetry. Gravity only exists in 4-dimensional space-time. In 5-dimensional space-time, there not have gravity. Equivalence principle is invalid in the new gravitation. In the new gravitation, there does not have gravitational acceleration. In the new gravitation, there only have inertial coordinates, not have non-inertial coordinates. In the new gravitation, the gravity source is only the rest mass, not energy. The particle can’t be the gravity source if the particle not has rest mass. The photon not has gravity. But any particle can be affected by gravity. The photon is affected by gravity also. The gravitational mass is only equivalent to the rest mass. Under approximate weak gravity and approximate circular orbit condition, the new gravitation is equivalent to the General Relativity. The four classic experimental tests, the deflection of light by the sun, the precession of mercury, the red shift of light by the sun, the radar echo delay, are experimental tests to the new gravitation also. But even under approximate weak gravity condition, if the orbit is not approximate circular, if the orbit has higher eccentricity, there exists obvious difference between the General Relativity and the new gravitation. This difference can be a experimental test to distinguish which one is more realistic. The space-time is flat in the new gravitation, not is curved. In the new gravitation, the energy is conserved. The new gravitation is simpler than the General Relativity. In the new gravitation, the photon’s equivalent gravitational acceleration is twice of the acceleration in Newton Gravitation. In the new gravitation, there not exists black hole, but exists empty hole, and not exists space-time singularity and energy singularity. The new gravity has obvious scale effect. The new gravity has the scale factor. In gravity field, the scale factor determines the quantization results of particle’s motion. The new gravity perhaps is a force that inhibits the uncertainty of macroscopic objects.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1224] viXra:1710.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-14 23:42:47

Space-Time's Broken Infinity

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 5 Pages.

This article was rejected by "Physical Review D" because it is "scientifically very far from the current state of knowledge in the field". Why do people (including scientists) avoid anything "scientifically very far from the current state of knowledge in the field"? Being far from the current state does not mean my article is incorrect. Depending on the extent of its accuracy, it offers either large or smaller opportunities for readers to make unanticipated advances in science. When his paper regarding mathematical formulas creating reality was submitted to a scientific journal and rejected as being too speculative, U.S. cosmologist Max Tegmark showed the rejection letter to his friend John Wheeler (1911-2008), a Princeton theoretical physicist. Wheeler rejected the rejection and said, “Extremely speculative? Bah!” Then he reminded Tegmark that some of the original papers on quantum mechanics were also considered extremely speculative. (p.2 of “Is the Universe Actually Made of Math?” By Adam Frank, Monday, June 16, 2008 - http://discovermagazine.com/2008/jul/16-is-the-universe-actually-made-of- math#.UQNDUR2-pFk Remembering Professor Wheeler ... This article begins with a well known astronomer and author saying "It now truly appears that the universe is infinite”. But how can the cosmos be infinite when general relativity says an infinite amount of energy would curve the universe to an infinitely small size, which obviously does not happen! The proposed solution refers to a problem physics had 120 years ago - a blackbody could release an infinite amount of energy, causing experiment and theory to diverge radically in the ultraviolet spectrum. Max Planck's solution of dividing electromagnetic radiation into quanta (photons) is called upon, and the universe's infinity is "broken" into discrete units by suggesting it's composed of electronics' binary digits (since General Relativity taught us that time is curved and warped, the fantastic possibility exists that the 1's and 0's come from the far future of humanity). Whatever their origin, the binary digits are assembled, via references to science and maths, into two-dimensional Möbius strips and then four-dimensional figure-8 Klein bottles. This topological structure is given mass in parts through the coupling of the long-range gravitational and electromagnetic waves. Their interaction substitutes for the Higgs field, according to M. Tanabashi; M. Harada; K. Yamawaki. Nagoya 2006: "The Origin of Mass and Strong Coupling Gauge Theories". International Workshop on Strongly Coupled Gauge Theories. pp. 227–241). The strong and weak nuclear forces may also ultimately result from gravitational - electromagnetic coupling, making the nuclear forces non-fundamental. For a moment, let's allow our imaginations to fly ... while we simultaneously remain grounded in science. Suppose the 1's and 0's really do come from the far future of humanity. Could a future computer simulation of the universe that uses mathematics' boundary-less, so-called Imaginary Time cause the simulation to be eternal, infinite, and indistinguishable from this "real" universe? (The lack of boundaries would also avoid Relativity's breaking down at the scale of quantum mechanics, thus introducing the graviton and the theory of Quantum Gravity.) This outcome involving so-called Imaginary Time (I.T. might be a better name) is plausible. Professor Itzhak Bars of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles says, "one whole dimension of time and another of space have until now gone entirely unnoticed by us".
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1223] viXra:1710.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-11 05:04:24

Grand Unification of 4 Forces According to the Quantum FFF Model by di-Monopole Repeller Rigid String Pressure.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 33 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, ( Function Follows Form at the quantum scale) Mass is the potency of rigid string based Fermions and Bosons, to produce and radiate Gravitons by the collision process, between mass less but energetic oscillating transformable Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and.. more complex shaped compound Fermions or Bosons (W + Z+Higgs family). Gravity is assumed to be the statistical result of local dual opposing graviton pressure (instead of attraction) with opposing Axion Higgs field particles on fermions. A recent example of local vacuum pressure duality is called “Dipole Repeller” gravity by Yehuda Hoffman also suggested partly in line as Emergent Gravity by E. Verlinde. More extended loops or "arms" of each rigid string particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons photons per Planck time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a reduced pressure force in opposition to the vacuum pressure of the Axion Higgs field.. Black holes do not radiate gravitons but “eat” the local vacuum particles leading to a single repeller effect on the growing Black hole nucleus. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long as they do not collide with fermions or bosons. The new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot of Axion Higgs particles, compressed together by the inflow of vacuum particles. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus . In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a real propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local space time creating vacuum lattice. Bosons without a propeller shape ( Higgs and Z ) including black hole nuclei, seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1222] viXra:1710.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-08 04:41:56

Hubble's Law and Antigravity Higgs Boson and Gravity

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 27 Pages.

The theory of dynamic space has been conceived and written by Professor Physicist Naoum Gosdas, inspired from the principle of antithesis (opposition), because of which all natural phenomena are created. These phenomena are derived from the unique absolute dynamic space, which is structured with the fundamental elements, namely the dimension or distance or length, the elementary electric charges (units) and the forces, according to the principle of antithesis. However, due to the finite dimensions of the Universe and the opposition between existence (the Universe) and nonexistence (non space), a spherical deformity of the space occurred, which has created the equality of the peripheral and radial cohesive forces (Universal symmetry) and the Universal antigravity force, whereby the Hubble's Law is proved. The breaking of the above Universal symmetry, close to the Universe center, causes the Genesis of the primary form of matter, the first grand Cosmic event of Universe. The gravitational mass of the particle is defined as a stretching of the dynamic space by the core vacuum (Higgs boson) of the particle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1221] viXra:1710.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-07 17:20:09

Quantum Versus Classical Nature of the Early Universe and Its Consequences (Entanglement?)

Authors: Andrew Beckwith, Stepan Moskaliuk
Comments: 56 Pages. 2nd paper submitted as a conference proceedings paper for the Bogoliubov astroparticle and quantum foundations conference, in Kiev, Ukraine, September 2017

We look at early universe space-time which is characterized by a transition from Pre Planckian to Planckian space-time. In doing so we also invoke the geometry of Octonionic non commutative structure and when it breaks down as a trigger point for the release of entropy. Following Lloyd, as to entropy production with 1 count of entropy linked to one graviton via Ng Infinite quantum statistics, and we follow up on this modeling of entropy production by examining if we can relate the presumed graviton production with the behavior of Planck sized mini black holes, in the early phases of cosmological expansion. This analysis is in tandem with considerations as to what is essential as to accessing the quantum versus classical nature of the early universe, with the above listed as consequences. We close with the 2nd half of our work which is reviewing relic gravitons, and their role in presumed entanglement from a prior universe construction to the present universe, possibly for the unification of physical law, from cycle to cycle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1220] viXra:1710.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-06 06:23:54

Emergent Gravity by Dipole Repeller Rigid String Pressure the Origin of Quantum Gravity and Non Inertial Black Holes.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 29 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, mass is the potency of rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons to be produced by the collision process, between mass less ring shaped Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons also called Dipole Repeller gravity or Emergent Gravity. More extended loops or "arms" of each rigid string particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons or other electromagnetic monopole photons per time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a reduced pressure force in opposition to the vacuum pressure of the Axion Higgs field.. So, Gravity can be described as the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. Emergent gravity as proposed by E.Verlinde and Dipole Rrepeller gravity by Yehuda Hoffman, are in line with this assumption. Non inertial black hole effects are the other side of the coin.. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long no fermion or boson comes too close. So if the new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot then there is no graviton production supposed. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus and the result of the Casimir absorption effect of the vacuum by the black hole nucleus. At the same time, gravitons are not leaving the black hole at all. In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local spacetime creating vacuum lattice. Conclusion Bosons (Higgs, W and Z particles) seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice. The LHC could perhaps be able to show this anti inertial mass effect created by the solar reference frame or solar LASOF ( Local Oscillating vacuum Frame).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1219] viXra:1710.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-03 08:50:43

Quantizing Einstein Field Equations :The Hadrons Expansion Lattice Represent the Particles Behavior to Form Gravity

Authors: Yazzed T.Al-Harbi
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper we will show the provement of the hadrons existence mechanism. Its duo to the physical consequences of the spinning quarks and the color charge. When we simulate the supposed situation by mathematics we find that it's achieves the perfect understanding of the all physical interactions and all the mysteries of the particle physics with its measurements which proved experimentally.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1218] viXra:1710.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-03 11:14:12

Theory of Universal Origins

Authors: Romeo D. Matshaba
Comments: 43 Pages. first published and copyright by: International Journal of Recent Research in Physics and Chemical Sciences (IJRRPCS) Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp: (1-7), Month: April 2017 – September 2017,

About a century ago, Albert Einstein realized how the Theory of Newton's Universal Gravitation was inadequate to describe nature and needed to be revised in order to be neatly incorporated into the relativistic scheme with its undesirable instantaneous force shortcomings. Since then we have come to adopt the relativistic high energy tensor theory of General Relativity, which saw its inception into mainstream physics in the year 1916. General Relativity has stood firm against varied tests, such as: gravitational lensing, perihelion of mercury, gravitational time dilation, PSR1913+16 etc, but with the steady advancement of Quantum Mechanics, and its overwhelming experimental success, we are yet again faced with the same problem that was faced a century ago, but this time, the problem is much worse, and the elephant in the room is General Relativity. The fact that General relativity and Quantum mechanics, share different views in the description of space and time or space-time, with quantum mechanics in favor of the latter and general relativity of the former; does not allow one to have a smooth transition from one representation to the other. This automatically implies that for scenarios where both quantum mechanics and gravity / general relativity are required, then that scenario is unsolvable with our current model of physics (hence either General Relativity or Quantum Mechanics is flawed). It becomes clear from the microscopic realm of quantum mechanics and the cosmological problems associated with General Relativity, such as dark energy, dark matter, the inflation force... perhaps a bit closer to home for general relativity being the singularities inherent in its own equations, and the very nature of General Relativity, allowing mostly approximate solutions (reason why most physicist, even today still cling to Newtonian dynamics), because of this and more a new theory of gravity is required – the much anticipated “Quantum Gravity” – just as it was required those many years ago. In the theory that I propose, we will see how from the most basic concepts of quantum mechanics, a theory of gravity can emerge that has the power to not only be mathematically simpler than General Relativity, explain dark energy, dark matter and inflation without any ad-hoc mechanisms, but also have the power to unify all the forces of nature into a single unified theory of everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1217] viXra:1710.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-04 04:08:48

The New Physics Black Hole Nucleus: Gravity Without Inertial Mass Effects.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 28 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, Mass is the potency of Rigid strings, to produce Gravitons to be produced by the collision process, between mass less ring shaped Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons. More extended loops or "arms" of each particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons per time unit. Gravity , is the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. However, the ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length. So if the new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot then there is only few graviton production supposed. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus and the result of the Casimir absorption effect of the vacuum by the black hole nucleus. At the same time, the few gravitons are not able to leave the black hole at all. Thus less pushing graviton production means also less inertial mass effect.. In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum . Conclusion Bosons (Higgs, W and Z particles) seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice. The LHC could perhaps be able to show this anti inertial mass effect created by the solar reference frame or solar LASOF ( Local Oscillating vacuum Frame).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1216] viXra:1710.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-02 05:57:14

The 49 GeV Partner of the Higgs Boson

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 14 pages, including 12 figures

The quantum/classical connection, found in an analysis of dark energy as vacuum energy, maps the radii of celestial bodies onto specific mass scales in the quantum world. The sun, owing to its location in the middle of the Main Sequence, is associated with a rich phenomenology. While the radius of Jupiter maps onto the mass of the Higgs boson, the radius of the sun maps onto the mass (49.4 GeV) of a particle that is symmetrically opposed to the Higgs boson on the mass levels of the Planck Model and is coupled to the Standard Model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1215] viXra:1709.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-25 01:12:29

Emergent Time and Anthropic Principle (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 10 Pages.

Philosophy part of theory of emergent space-time-matter is discussed. It was shown that anthropic principle is direct consequence of emergent time. It was shown that conscience is epiphenomenon, but it is more fundamental than matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1214] viXra:1709.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-23 13:11:07

Common Description of Quantum Electromagnetism and Relativistic Gravitation

Authors: Jérémy Kerneis
Comments: 16 Pages.

We use 3 equations as postulates: Pem referring to electromagnetism, Pgrav referring to gravity, and Pqm referring to quantum mechanic and defining the wave function. Combining Pem with "Sommerfeld's quantum rules" corresponds to the original quantum theory of Hydrogen, which produces the correct relativistic energy levels of atoms (Sommerfeld's and Dirac's theories of matter produces the same energy levels, and Schrodinger's theory produces the approximation of those energy levels). Pqm implies that the wave function is solution of both Schrodinger's and Klein-Gordon's equations in the non interacting case while, in the interacting case it implies "Sommerfeld's quantum rules": Pem and Pqm then produce the correct relativistic energy levels of atoms (the same as Dirac's energy levels). We check that the required degeneracy is justified by pure deduction, without any other assumption (Schrodinger's theory only justifies one half of the degeneracy). We observe the connection between Pqm, Quantum Field Theories and tunnel effect. From Pgrav we deduce an equation of motion very similar to general relativity (with accuracy 10^{-6} at the surface of the Sun), our postulate being explicitly an approximation. First of all, we discuss classical Kepler problems (Newtonian motion of the Earth around the Sun), explain the link between Kelpler's law of periods (1619) and Plank's law (1900) and observe the links between all historical models of atoms (Bohr, Sommerfeld, Pauli, Schrodinger, Dirac, Fock).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1213] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-15 04:11:52

The Trouble with Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1212] viXra:1709.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 14:26:18

Quantum Gravity Without Additional Theory: Compatibility of Schwarzschild Metric and Quantum Mechanics

Authors: René Friedrich
Comments: Pages.

The current notion of spacetime is marked by three assumptions which are in contradiction to special relativity and to the Schwarzschild metric, and this is the reason why the quantization of spacetime cannot work. Instead, the key to quantum gravity is the limitation of the notion of spacetime to its actual role, by the means of three insights: 1. Spacetime is not continuous, in particular not in spacelike direction, and thus it cannot be quantized. 2. For the solution of fundamental problems of physics about time, we must consider the notion of proper time instead of the coordinate time of spacetime. 3. Gravitation may be represented by Schwarzschild metric not only as the curved spacetime, but alternatively also as gravitational time dilation in absolute, uncurved space. From these three insights are following the characteristics of quantum gravity. The result: Gravity appears within quantum mechanics in the form of gravitational time dilation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1211] viXra:1709.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 14:32:12

Gravité Quantique Sans Théorie Supplémentaire :La Compatibilité de la Métrique de Schwarzschild et de la Mécanique Quantique

Authors: René Friedrich
Comments: Pages.

La notion actuelle de l'espace-temps est marquée par trois présomptions qui ne sont pas compatibles avec les principes de la relativité restreinte et de la métrique de Schwarzschild, et c'est la raison pourquoi la quantification de l'espace-temps ne peut pas fonctionner. Pour arriver au but, il est important de limiter l'espace-temps à son véritable rôle, fondé sur trois conclusions : 1. L'espace-temps n'est pas continu, il n'y a notamment pas de continuité dans la direction genre espace, et pour cette raison toute tentative de sa quantification doit échouer. 2. Pour les problèmes fondamentaux de la physique par rapport au temps, il faut se baser sur la notion fondamentale du temps propre au lieu de la notion du temps coordonné de l'espace-temps. 3. La gravitation peut être représentée par la métrique de Schwarzschild non seulement sous forme d'espace-temps courbe, mais aussi sous la forme de la dilatation de temps gravitationnelle dans l'espace absolu, non courbé. A partir de ces trois conclusions il est possible de déduire les caractéristiques de la gravité quantique. Le résultat : La gravité agit dans la mécanique quantique en tant que dilatation de temps gravitationnelle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1210] viXra:1709.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 14:35:01

Quantengravitation Ohne Zusätzliche Theorien: Vereinbarkeit Von Schwarzschildmetrik Und Quantenmechanik

Authors: René Friedrich
Comments: Pages.

Der heutige Raumzeitbegriff wird von drei Annahmen geprägt, die im Widerspruch zur speziellen Relativitätstheorie und zur Schwarzschildmetrik stehen, und dies ist der Grund, warum eine Quantisierung der Raumzeit nicht funktionieren kann. Zum Ziel führt stattdessen die Beschränkung der Raumzeit auf ihre eigentliche Rolle, anhand von drei Erkenntnissen: 1. Die Raumzeit ist nicht stetig, insbesondere nicht in raumartiger Richtung, und daher nicht quantifizierbar. 2. Für fundamentale Probleme der Physik zum Thema Zeit muss man auf den fundamentaleren Begriff der Eigenzeit abstellen, nicht jedoch auf die Koordinatenzeit der Raumzeit. 3. Gravitation lässt sich von der Schwarzschildmetrik nicht nur in der gekrümmten Raumzeit darstellen, sondern auch als gravitative Zeitdilatation im absoluten, ungekrümmten Raum. Aus diesen drei Erkenntnissen ergeben sich die Merkmale der Quantengravitation. Das Ergebnis: Gravitation wirkt im absoluten Raum der Quantenmechanik als gravitative Zeitdilatation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1209] viXra:1709.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-10 18:47:03

Pre Octonionic to Octonionic Gravity and Could Kinetic Energy be Larger Than Potential Energy Before Inflation?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 16 Pages.

We look at early universe space-time which is characterized by a transition from Pre Planckian to Planckian space-time. In doing so we also invoke the geometry of Octonionic non-commutative structure and when it breaks down. Doing so is also equivalent to a speculation given earlier by the author as to the kinetic energy of Pre Planckian space-time being significantly larger than the Potential energy, which is the opposite of what happens after the onset of Inflation, with the assumption as to how this is justified given in a (Pre Planckian) Hubble Parameter set as of Eq. (16), and we close with a comparison of this proposal with string cosmology, as represented in the 2nd reference in this paper.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1208] viXra:1709.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-10 03:36:35

Our re Cyclic, re Bounce Matter Universe and Emergent Newtonian Gravity.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. You may rearrange the paper for better presentation.

Our observable universe is tiny compared to whole and Newtonian gravity is an emergent push force on matter by 750 proton mass fermion gravitons which is flowing , swirling and whirling along with gravitoetherton super fluid we call dark matter and dark energy .
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1207] viXra:1709.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-06 19:36:47

Using Barbour's Ephemeris Time, and Padmanabhan's Inflaton Value ,plus Will’s Massive Graviton Velocity to Isolate Rest Energy of Massive Graviton as Compared to Racetrack Inflation Results of Graviton Physics and Modified Wheeler De Witt Results of wo

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 27 Pages.

The idea is to identify via ephemeris time as given by Barbour and an inflaton field as given by Padmanabhan, for scale factor proportional to time to the alpha power and a velocity given by Will for massive gravitons, an initial energy for a massive graviton in space-time. The spatial values for the graviton production could be from the Planckian to Electro weak regime, with a nod to using a worm hole from a prior to a present universe as a delivery font for gravitational energy, as an information carrying bridge from prior universe 'information settings' to the present space-time. The number of Gravitons will be set as N, and the initial time, as a tie in with Barbour's ephemeris time, a constant times Planck time. In setting up the positions, as input into the positions and distributions of gravitons in our model, we will compare results as could be generated by Racetrack inflation, for presumed position of relic gravitons when just produced in the universe, as compared with results given by an adaptation of an argument presented by Crowell, in a modification of the Wheeler de Witt equation he gave germane to worm hole physics. In addition, with this presentation we will discuss entropy generation via graviton production. And compare that with semi classical arguments, as well as Brane – anti brane combinations. The idea will be to in all of this to re set the particulars of massive gravity in such a way as to revisit the outstanding problem of massive gravity: Its predictions do not match those of general relativity in the limit when a massive graviton mass approaches zero. In particular, while at small scales, Newton's gravitational law is recovered, the bending of light is only three quarters of the result Albert Einstein obtained in general relativity PACS 96.50.Ry, 98.80.-k, 98.80.Cq, 98.80.Bp
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1206] viXra:1709.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-05 08:31:55

The Theory of Quantum Gravity Without Divergenies and Calculation of Cosmological Constant

Authors: T. Christolyubov, M. Christolyubova
Comments: 10 Pages.

To construct quantum gravity we introduce the quantum gravity state as function of particle coordinates and functional of fields, We add metric as the new argument of state: $$ \Psi=\Psi(t,x_{1},...x_{n},\lbrace A^{\gamma}(x)\rbrace, \lbrace g_{\mu\nu}(x) \rbrace) $$ we calculate the cosmological constant assuming that the quantum state is a function of time and radius of universe (mini-superspace) $$ \Psi=\Psi(t,a) $$ To avoid infinities in the solutions, we substitute the usual equation for propagotor with initial value Cauchy problem, which has finite and unique solution, for example we substitute the equation for Dirac electron propagator $$ (\gamma^\mu p_\mu - mc)K(t,x,t_0,x_0)= \delta(\vec{x} - \vec{x_0})\delta(t-t_0) $$ which already has infinity at the start $t = t_0 $, with the initial value Cauchy problem $$ \begin{cases} (H - i \hbar\partial / \partial t)K(t,x,t_0,x_0)=0,\\ K(t,x,t_0,x_0) = \delta(\vec{x} - \vec{x_0}),\quad t=t_0, \end{cases} $$ which has finite and unique solution.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1205] viXra:1709.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-03 13:52:23

Time-Resolved Measurement of Internal Conversion Dynamics in Strong-Field Molecular Ionization

Authors: Vincent Tagliamonti, Brian Kaufman, Arthur Zhao, Tamás Rozgonyi, Philipp Marquetand, Thomas Weinacht
Comments: 8 Pages.

We time-resolve coupled electronic and nuclear dynamics during strong-field molecular ionization by measuring the momentum-resolved photoelectron yield as a function of pump-probe delay for a pair of strong-field laser pulses. The sub-10-fs pulses are generated using a specially designed ultrafast optical pulse shaper and the electrons are measured using velocity map imaging. Our measurements, in conjunction with calculations that solve the time-dependent Schrödinger equation, allow us to time-resolve resonance-enhanced strong-field ionization and break it down into three basic steps: (1) Stark-shifted resonant excitation of a high-lying neutral state of the molecule, (2) nonadiabatic dynamics (internal conversion) in which multiple electronic states are coupled, and (3) coupling to the continuum (ionization) http://learnrnd.com/detail.php?id=Biowarfare_and_Germwarfare
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1204] viXra:1709.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-03 14:46:25

Neutrino Mixing with Hopf Algebras

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 9 Pages.

Neutrino mixing in a spectral model for QFT employs the Bogoliubov transformation, which is a quantum Fourier transform. We look at the Hopf algebras in this setting, from a more motivic perspective. Experimental results for mixing are considered.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1203] viXra:1709.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-03 05:26:57

Was Polchinski Wrong? Colombeau Disributional Rindler Spacetime with Disributional Levi-Cività Connection Induced a Strong Vacuum Dominance. Unruh Effect Revisited

Authors: J. Foukzon, A. A. Potapov, E. R. Men’kova
Comments: 58 Pages.

The vacuum energy density of free scalar quantum field Φ in a Rindler distributional spacetime with distributional Levi-Cività connection is considered.It has been widely believed that, except in very extreme situations, the influence of acceleration on quantum fields should amount to just small, sub-dominant contributions. Here we argue that this belief is wrong by showing that in a Rindler distributional background spacetime with distributional Levi-Cività connection the vacuum energy of free quantum fields is forced, by the very same background distributional spacetime such a Rindler distributional background spacetime, to become dominant over any classical energy density component. This semiclassical gravity effect finds its roots in the singular behavior of quantum fields on a Rindler distributional spacetimes with distributional Levi-Cività connection. In particular we obtain that the vacuum fluctuations 〈2  has a singular behavior at a Rindler horizon   0 : 〈2~−4,  ≈ c2/a,a → . Therefore sufficiently strongly accelerated observer burns up near the Rindler horizon. Thus Polchinski’s account doesn’t violation of the Einstein equivalence principle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1202] viXra:1709.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-02 13:05:45

The Generation Mechanism of the Distortion of Space by Mass is Described in Figure.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 5 Pages.

In modern physics, understanding of gravity is perfectly understood by the general theory of relativity. By the general relativity and its gravitational equations, gravity is understood to be a distortion of the space around mass forming. The state of distortion in the space is perfectly explained by solving the gravitational equation. However, neither Newton nor Einstein's general relativity explains the cause that the space around the mass distorts, and the space is distorted by what kind of mechanism. The model of my hypothesis "particle pulsation principle" can explain the mechanism of the generation of gravity (distortion of space) in the figure.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1201] viXra:1709.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-01 21:47:40

Showing Fjortof’s Theorem Does not Applyfor Defining Instability for Early Universe Thermodynamic Potentials. Asking if Nucleated Particles Result At/befoe Electro-Weak Era Due to Injection of Matter-Energy at the Big Bang?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: Now sixteen pages, new appendix A, 5 pages, plus bridge eq (25) put in, page 7. In review for possible acceptance for JHEPGC< with Corda as lead editor>

This paper uses the “Fjortoft theorem” for defining necessary conditions for instability. The point is that it does not apply in the vicinity of the big bang. We apply this theorem to what is called by T. Padmanabhan a thermodynamic potential which becomes would be unstable if conditions for the applications of “Fjortoft’s theorem” hold. In our case, there is no instability, so a different mechanism has to be appealed to. In the case of vacuum nucleation, we argue that conditions exist for the nucleation of particles as of the electroweak regime. Due to injecting material from a node point, in spacetime. This regime of early universe creation, coexits with the failure of applications of “Fjortoft” theorem in such a way as to give necessary and sufficient conditons for matter creation, in a way similar to the Higgs Boson . .Key words: Fjortoft theorem, thermodynamic potential, matter creation, Higgs Boson.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1200] viXra:1709.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-01 00:17:59

Quantum Gravity and the Titius-Bode Rule

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 6 Pages.

Today, in the areas of theoretical foundation and experimental verification, there is great interest in the properties of a future Quantum Gravity. The ultimate goal of the present research is to contribute to the creation of a definitive, universally acceptable, theory of Quantum Gravity. In the present paper, the two hundred and fifty years of history of the empirical Titius-Bode rule is investigated, under the assumption that this rule is key evidence for a quantum feature in the already long-known classical gravity. Keywords: Titius-Bode rule, Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization, de Broglie matter wave, Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1199] viXra:1708.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-30 16:42:54

Do Physical Laws/ Physics Parameter Constants Remain Invariant from a Prior Universe, to the Present Universe?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 22 Pages. accepted by jhepgc, and Christian Corda for publication

The invariance of physical law between a prior to a present universe is brought up, as a continuation of analyzing entropy in today’s universe, and the relationship of entropy to information content in a prior universe. If or not there is enough information to preserve the amount of physical law also may play a role as to if or not additional dimensions for cosmological dynamics is necessary.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1198] viXra:1708.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-30 07:14:02

A Classical Relation of the Higgs Mechanism

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 9 pages, including 13 figures

Subatomic mass scales derived from the radii of the planets of the solar system, by way of the ‘quantum/classical connection’, lie on the mass/energy levels of the Planck Model. The geometric mean of the eight planetary radii maps onto the Higgs field vacuum expectation value (246 GeV), while the radius of Jupiter maps onto the mass of the Higgs boson (125 GeV). While Higgs field coupling constants derived from a ten-dimensional geometry relate particle masses to the expectation value of the field, coupling constants derived from the ten-dimensional geometry relate the planetary radii to the (geometric) mean planetary radius.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1197] viXra:1708.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-26 21:18:14

Energy Body Theory Opens New Frontiers of Physics in the 21st Century

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 150 Pages.

There are four kinds of force in the natural world, which are electromagnetic force, weak force, strong force and gravity. To unify them, the “Theory of Everything” is looked for. More, there are also “Dark Matter” and “Dark Energy” which are still mysterious. But, “Energy Body Theory” will unify them on the base of one axiom including dark matter and dark energy. It describes that the whole universe including elementary particles is made of just only energy body. As a result, the conclusion that all interactions are caused by the difference of energy level of energy body is drawn. Energy body theory also contrives an elementary particle model according to the axiom. The model draws the shape like that energy body is revolving as a wave motion focusing on a self-axis, and attenuates from the center part in high energy state to the foot area of the expanse part in low energy state, and becomes one with space. The spherical part of the center shows the character of a particle and the foot area part shows the character of field. A rise or a descent of energy is caused by the direction of a mutual wave motion, and repulsive force or attractive force is caused. Then, it is conceivable that light and electromagnetic waves are the transcriptions which are made when electronic posture changes and is transcript into static energy body (space). I inspected if this idea is right applying to the basic physical phenomena which are electromagnetism, an elementary particle, gravity, dark energy and the structure of the universe, etc. And I am successful in all cases that I inspected up to now. More, basic physical phenomena which are not shown the reasons now by the present physics was explained. For example, they are the reasons that an elementary particle has a character of electrical charge, that an electrical charge is plus or minus, that magnetic field occurs around electrical current, that an elementary particle and light have the character of duality of particle and wave, that light velocity is invariable, that Bose and Einstein condensation occurs, and what is a spin of an elementary particle. More, the universe expansion is also too. Energy body theory explains what gravity and the dark energy are, and even advocates the structure of the universe that the universe circulation system functions instead of big-bang theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1196] viXra:1708.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-26 11:05:58

The Dynamics of the Gravity Field

Authors: Malik Matwi
Comments: 32 Pages.

We derive the canonical momentum of the gravity field. Then we use it to derive the path integral of the gravity field. The canonical momentum is represented in Lorentz group. We derive it from the holonomy U(A) of the connection A of the Lorentz group. We derive the path integral of the gravity field as known in the quantum fields theory and discuss the situation of the free gravity field(like the electromagnetic field). We find that situation is only in the background spacetime, the weak gravity situation. We search for a theory in which the gravity field is a dynamical at any energy in arbitrary curved spacetime. For that, we suggest the duality gravity-area. That duality lets to the possibility to study the both fields in arbitrary curved spacetime. We find that the area field exists in the space-like and the gravity field exists in the time-like. We find that the tensor product of the gravity and area fields, in selfdual representation, satisfies the reality condition. We derive the static potential of exchanging gravitons in scalar and spinor fields, the Newtonian gravitational potential.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1195] viXra:1708.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-23 16:42:37

The Earth Attracts with Greater Force the Moon, Than the Moon Attracts the Earth

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 80 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

I discovered that the Earth attracts with greater force the Moon, than the Moon attracts the Earth! “Gravitational force is mediated by gravitons faster than the speed of light, with negative momentum” Adrian Ferent “Think more and Study less” Adrian Ferent “Newton's third law is wrong” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors and your books: Newton's third Law of Motion: the law of Action and Reaction, if the Earth exerts a force on the Moon, the Moon must exert an equal and opposite force on the Earth. “The flux density of gravitons emitted by the Earth is bigger than the flux density of gravitons emitted by the Moon.” Adrian Ferent This means: “The Earth attracts with greater force the Moon, than the Moon attracts the Earth”
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1194] viXra:1708.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-21 14:47:37

What if the Graviton Had a Negative Mass?

Authors: Sundar Narayan
Comments: 7 Pages.

ABSTRACT: Gravitons are the as-yet undiscovered particles that convey gravity. “Massive gravity” – the idea that gravitons may have a tiny positive mass mg - has recently been revived. The equations of massive gravity contain the quantity mg2 but not mg itself. Yet, the possibility that mg could be negative has never been explored. This paper shows that negative mass gravitons can 1) explain the actual mechanism of gravity in terms of Newtonian mechanics, 2) be used to derive Milgrom’s constant in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), a theory that obviates the need for Dark Matter, 3) identify Dark Energy as being equivalent to the momentum flux of negative mass gravitons, 4) suggest why a vacuum has a far lower density than what quantum field theory predicts.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1193] viXra:1708.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-18 12:48:11

A Quantum Phenomenon that Forces the Extra Energy Shift in Mossbauer Rotor Experiment

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Here, within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we described a quantum phenomenon that forces a rapid additional increase in the coefficient k which defines the Mossbauer rotor experiment (k increases from 0.5 predicted within the General Theory of Relativity to 0.714). The extra energy shift follows from the interactions of photons with virtual charged pairs produced at the cost of the relativistic mass. Production of such pairs results from the atom-like structure of baryons described within SST. We as well answered following question: Why are there so many different theories of gravity?
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1192] viXra:1708.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-16 11:30:26

Universal Theory of General Invariance

Authors: M.P. Benowitz
Comments: 29 Pages. Submitted to Foundations of Physics

Through the introduction of a new principle of physics, we extend quantum mechanics by proposing three additional postulates. With them we construct a quantum theory where gravitation emerges from the thermodynamics of an entangled vacuum. This new quantum theory reproduces the observations of the $\Lambda$CDM model of cosmology, predicting the existence of massive vacua $ M_{\text{on}} = \sqrt{\dfrac{\hbar c}{G}}$ and $M_{\text{off}} = \sqrt{\dfrac{ \Lambda^{2} \hbar^{3}G}{c^{5}}}$. Finally, we propose an experiment for the formers direct detection.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1191] viXra:1708.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-16 06:01:40

New Gravitational Theory of Time

Authors: LeiGuanji
Comments: 6 Pages.

What is the source of the gravity? Why the zero point energy didn't lead the curvature of space-time to infinite? How to describe the gravity in a very short length? Why the proton almost can't decay? Who is the first cause? To answer those questions, I wrote this paper and I hope my ideas can give us a right answer.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1190] viXra:1708.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-14 16:32:10

Review of Weyl Tensor as an Aid to Reviewing the Penrose Weyl Tensor Conjecture Near Start of Inflation. I.e. that no Need to Suppose it is Always Zero at Start of Inflation

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 14 Pages.

We review, using our prior work the Weyl tensor as an aid to reviewing the Penrose Weyl Tensor Conjecture near start of Inflation. Our supposition is that this Weyl tensor will not vanish, and this is in tandem with a non- zero initial entropy. In doing so, we make use of two representations of the scale factor, one with , and another in terms of , with the time, scaled as . The second representation of the derivative of will yield a not equal to zero due to initial time step not being zero, i.e. a quantization of time, whereas the first representation of depends upon the initial value assumed and picked. We then afterwards, say something as to Malek’s doctoral thesis rendition of , for n general dimensions as a way to buttress our conclusion, that indeed is non-zero at start of inflation provided certain assumptions are made. Which in turn affects entropy production at the start of the universe. Note . in the case of a Pre Planckian imaginary time , i.e. to have real valued, but nonzero, we have to restrict = 1, as a way of making sense of what happens if we do use purely imaginary time. If not, then the Weyl tensor could be complex valued. If we have real time for , we have far less restrictive conditions, as is given in our document. i.e. This idea of use of a much larger initial value of the cosmological constant in line with [16] leads to a closed form solution for the if we have real time for . We conclude with our buildup to the future works section by the end of our conclusion, which has that a Pre Planckian may be linked to the inverse of the Planckian value of the initial Hubble parameter. With future input from reference [13] of our paper.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

Replacements of recent Submissions

[1093] viXra:1801.0175 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-17 09:47:25

On Gravitational Quantum Wavefunctions

Authors: Jean Pierre Rukundo
Comments: 5 Pages.

A gravitational momentum space wavefunction and its inverse spacetime Fourier transformation are constructed from the classical particle Lagrangian. From non-relativistic metric, the momentum space wavefunction gives the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution with gravity temperature relation and the spacetime wavefunction gives the Schrodinger equation with a harmonic oscillator potential, leading to the Gauss’s law for gravity with mass density gravity relation. From the special relativity metric, which is shown to set the temperature at about 7.64×10^-12 K and density at about 3.58×10^9 kgm^-3, the momentum space wavefunction gives a relativistic momentum distribution and the spacetime wavefunction gives the Dirac equation with a spacetime potential. Finally, the many identical particles wavefunctions are also constructed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1092] viXra:1801.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-18 13:23:16

Parametric Validation Reinforcement Loops, and the Cosmological Constant Problem

Authors: Arthur E Pletcher
Comments: 10 Pages.

The primary consideration of this unifying field theory is the partial mapping of topology, within observations, as feedback loops. Specifically, the effective degrees of freedom (d.o.f.) resulting from such recursive exchanges. This modeling of observation as partial mapping seems well justified, as it is ubiquitous throughout nature's exchanges and propagation of information. Considered the meridian distortions of gnomonic projection of light waves in vision. Thus, PVRL extrapolates this same principle of constraining parameters in recursive feedback loops into the entire scope from QFT, (at flashpoint), to GR. PVRL proposes a multispace of transitioning Rn vector fields (similar to Hilbert space), coexisting like wavelengths in a prism. Progressing from quantum states, which are higher dimensional, outward to lower dimensional Macrospace (Note that backward causation is possible in quantum mechanics, but not possible in the constrained parameters of classic mechanics or GR). Familiar classic R4 spacetime is just one phase of this multispace. The mechanism which delineates between each state is PVRL: An iterated process of conscious binary gnomonic mapping of higher dimensional topology onto biased eigenstates. (and subsequent propagation within the quantum field). At each iteration, symmetry becomes more broken, and geometric parameters become more constrained (Polarity, bonding, separation, alignment and propagation). The inevitable outcome of such recursive feedback loops is a power law distribution (exponential tail), with increased entropy and complexity The resolution of the Cosmological Constant Problem is an understanding that scales approaching QFT are viewed in higher dimensional divergence, and that scales approaching GR are viewed in lower dimensional convergence. A Transitioning Rn space, from R5 at microscales, outward to R3 at the cosmic event horizon, with R4 spactime as an intermediate phase.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1091] viXra:1801.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-17 00:53:40

The Relativity of Time

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this development upon five leading papers [1-5], the idea of the “relativity of time” shall be fully addressed, providing the rationale to how the overall manifold of time-space would perform regarding entropy and enthalpy, including in this description how consciousness emerges (as proposed in paper 3 [3]) from time-space. First, the idea of “subject” and “object” shall be presented regarding the time-relativity description, while explaining the role of consciousness in this process (given paper 3’s finding of consciousness being the emergence from chaos, the aim here arriving at fundamental features of consciousness that would already be apparent to our known traits of consciousness). Additionally, more texture shall be provided to the explanation of the flow of time, detailing how time being relative in space per the golden ratio has two features, namely “cause” and “effect”. Through examining cause and effect regarding time, an “end-zone” region of time-space shall be examined, the mechanics there as gravity/mass breaks down, and the idea of stellar quantum-entanglement, giving rise to a seemingly endless “image” of the stars. Following this, the idea of consciousness will be brought in to this new overall plane of time-space via which a model of “human” consciousness will be forwarded. Through this discussion, ideas central to the wormholes, red-shift effect, carbon dating, gamma radiation, white holes, and the dimensions of the perceived galaxy, will be forwarded, supported with accepted experimental findings. Finally, three new mechanisms of proof shall be proposed, proof not yet proposed by contemporary science.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1090] viXra:1801.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-20 04:59:20

Electrical Moonshine

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 6 Pages.

The electrical constant a and its Eddington approximation 137 are both 10 ppb connected with the dimension d = 26 of bosonic string theory and the Witten 'moonshine entropy' lnD, with D = 196883 = 59(59²-12²). The involved pi-approximations implies a 0.3 ppb formula for a, and, using the first Mathieu group order, this confirms the Coherent Cosmology value G ≈ 6.67544 × 10^-11 kg^-1m^3s^-2, compatible with the BIPM measurement, but at 4 sigma from the controversial tabulated one. Direct connection between a, 137, d and D, implies the string central number 496, very close to the 20th root of the Monster order, whose square corresponds to 125.6 GeV (BEH Boson), directly tied to the Monster order entropy via the tau and muon masses, which are connected by an holographic relation, confirming the Eddington tau-proton symmetry. The Monster order correlates with canonical economic numbers, leading to a value for the tau mass, from its approximation 59²me, so directly tied to D, and compatible with the Koide relation in the 10 ppb range, confirming again the BIPM value for G. The fifth power of the Monster order is directly connected to D and d via the number 24 of transverse dimensions, involving the economic number 3^(24²+1). This confirms the arithmetical character of Physical laws.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1089] viXra:1801.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-18 00:12:17

Electrical Moonshine

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 5 Pages.

The electrical constant a and its Eddington approximation 137 are both 10 ppb connected with the dimension d = 26 of bosonic string theory and the 'moonshine entropy' lnD. The involved pi-approximations implies a 0.3 ppb formula for a, and, using the first Mathieu group order, this confirms the Coherent Cosmology value G ≈ 6.67544 × 10^-11 kg^-1m^3s^-2, compatible with the BIPM measurement, but at 4 sigma from the tabulated one. Direct connection between a, 137, d and D = 196883, reveals the string central number 496, about the 20th root of the Monster order, whose square corresponds to 125.6 GeV (BEH Boson), directly tied to the Monster order entropy via the tau and muon masses. The Monster order correlates with canonical economic numbers, leading to a value for the tau mass compatible with the Koide relation in the 10 ppb range, and confirming again the BIPM value for G. The fifth power of the Monster order is directly connected to D and d via the number 24 of transverse dimensions, involving the economic number 3^(24²+1). This confirms the arithmetical character of Physical laws.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1088] viXra:1801.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-15 01:48:42

Electrical Moonshine

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 4 Pages.

The electrical constant a and its Eddington approximation 137 are both 10 ppb connected with the dimension d = 26 of bosonic string theory and the 'moonshine entropy' lnD. Direct connection between a, 137, d and D = 196883, reveals the string central number 496, about the 20th root of the Monster order, whose square corresponds to 125.6 GeV (BEH Boson), and directly tied to the Monster order entropy via the tau and muon masses. This mass correlates with canonical economic numbers, leading to a value for the tau mass compatible with the Koide relation in the 10 ppb range, and confirming the BIPM value for G, at 4s the tabulated value. The fifth power of the Monster order is directly connected to D and d via the number 24 of transverse dimensions, entering the economic number 3^(24²+1). This confirms the arithmetical character of Physical laws.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1087] viXra:1801.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-11 23:47:25

Electrical Moonshine

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 3 Pages.

The electrical constant a and its Eddington approximation 137 are both 10 ppb connected with the dimension d = 26 of bosonic string theory and the 'moonshine entropy' lnD. Direct connection between a, 137, d and D = 196883, reveals the string central number 496, about the 20th root of the Monster order, whose square corresponds to 125.6 GeV (BEH Boson), and directly tied to the Monster order entropy via the tau and muon masses. The fifth power of the Monster order is directly connected to D and d via the number 24 of transverse dimensions, entering the economic number 3^(24²+1). This confirms the arithmetical character of Physical Laws.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1086] viXra:1801.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-09 23:54:16

Electrical Moonshine

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

The electrical constant a and its Eddington approximation 137 are both 10 ppb connected with the dimension d = 26 of bosonic string theory and the 'moonshine entropy' lnD. Direct connection between a, 137, d and D = 196883, reveals the string central number 496, about the 20th root of the Monster order, whose square corresponds to 125.6 GeV (BEH Boson). The fith power of the Monster order is directly connected to D and d via the number 24 of transverse dimensions, entering the economic number 3^(24²+1). This confirms the arithmetical character of Physical laws.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1085] viXra:1801.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-08 23:42:55

Electrical Moonshine

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

The electrical constant a and its Eddington approximation 137 are both 10 ppb connected with the dimension d = 26 of bosonic string theory and the 'moonshine entropy' lnD. Direct connection between a, 137, d and D = 196883, reveals the string central number 496, about the 20th root of the Monster order, whose square corresponds to 125.6 GeV (BEH Boson). This confirms the arithmetical character of Physical laws.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1084] viXra:1712.0672 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-03 21:59:20

Sphere Theory May Describe Dark Energy

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Dark Energy seems to be mysterious. The Universe, it is said is made mainly of Baryonic Matter, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy. There are also the neutrinos and radiation. There is the critical density calculated from General Relativity, The ‘critical density’ is the average density of matter required for the Universe to just halt its expansion, but only after an infinite time. A Universe with the critical density is said to be flat.(1). Assuming that the standard model of cosmology is correct, the best current measurements indicate that dark energy contributes 68.3 % of the total energy in the present-day observable universe. The mass–energy of dark matter and ordinary (baryonic) matter contribute 26.8% and 4.9%, respectively, and other components such as neutrinos and photons contribute a very small amount. (2, 3, 4, 5). This paper proposes and shows evidence for a spherical universe of finite size. That dark energy may be 66.37 % of the total energy/mass of the universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1083] viXra:1712.0672 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-01 17:45:58

Sphere Describes Dark Energy Theory

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages. Errors in calculation in first submission

Dark Energy seems to be mysterious. The Universe, it is said is made mainly of Baryonic Matter, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy. There are also the neutrinos and radiation. There is the critical density calculated from General Relativity, The ‘critical density’ is the average density of matter required for the Universe to just halt its expansion, but only after an infinite time. A Universe with the critical density is said to be flat.(1). Assuming that the standard model of cosmology is correct, the best current measurements indicate that dark energy contributes 66.37 % of the total energy in the present-day observable universe. The mass–energy of dark matter and ordinary (baryonic) matter contribute 26.8% and 4.9%, respectively, and other components such as neutrinos and photons contribute a very small amount. (2, 3, 4, 5). This paper proposes and shows evidence for a spherical universe of finite size.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1082] viXra:1712.0477 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-17 05:14:38

On Quantization of Interacting Velocity Gauge Fields

Authors: Jean Pierre Rukundo
Comments: 4 Pages.

The many velocity gauge fields interaction Lagrangian density is extended to a continuous spectrum Lagrangian then quantized and normalized. The Euler-Lagrange equation is transformed to the Yang-Mills field, integral and curvature form operators. The Yang-Mills field form operator quantization gives the equivalent Dirac equation, the integral form operator quantization gives perturbation series similar to the path integral formulation of Quantum mechanics and the curvature form operator is used to get the Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian density; operators are quantized with mass eigenvalue. Finally, the normalization of the wave function gives a charged massive particle Lagrangian density with six representations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1081] viXra:1712.0447 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-08 08:29:27

Quantization of General Relativity is Impossible if Space Has Slope

Authors: Mohamed Abdelwhab Husseiny
Comments: 19 Pages.

Several attempts to develop a quantum theory of gravity based on Einstein's theory of general relativity have been made. This study shows that the quantization of general relativity is impossible if space is sloped. The slope of space creates a new kind of energy that causes objects, such as bodies, particles, and gravitational waves, to slide backward during their forward motion (similar to sliding during hill climbing). This energy causes gravitational waves, bodies, particles, and light to experience slight resistance while spreading or progressing forward in space and time. I find that if absolute space supposed by Newton is sloped space, many phenomena will be created such as time dilation, space & time reversal, emergence of space-time, constancy of speed of light and gravity reversal. The conclusions drawn in this study refer to the “gravity is non quantum if space has slope, where the reversed time between two moving particles is more than or equal to the time interval between these two particles, or the reversed space between two moving particles is more than or equal to the space interval between these two particles.” This work does not aims to prove existence or absence of gravity at the smallest scale; rather it aims to show that there is a new property related to space that if it exists, quantum theory of gravity becomes unnecessary, therefore testing of this property must be included in the interests of applied physicists in the next days.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1080] viXra:1712.0443 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-15 09:31:47

Using Klauder's Enhanced Quantization to Set a Bound to the Cosmological Constant, in Pre Planckian Space as a Way to Ascertain the Most Important Fundamental Physics Question

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 6 Pages. ADDED A SECTION WHICH ANSWERS THE FQXI CONTEST QUESTIONS

We are looking at comparison of two action integrals and we identify the Lagrangian multiplier as setting up a constraint equation (on cosmological expansion). In FFP 15, in the Author’s presentation, one of the two compared action integrals was from Hambler’ Quantum Gravity reference, while another was given as similar to the action principle of the Hilbert idea of General Relativistic derivation of the Einstein Field Equations. What we have done is to replace the Hambler Quantum gravity reference based action integral with a result straight from John Klauder’s “Enhanced Quantization” tome. In doing so, with also a nod to Thanu Padamabhan’s treatment of the inflaton, we then commence to initiate an explicit bound upon the cosmological constant. The further approximation is to use the inflaton results, and conflate them with John Klauder’s Action principle for a way to , if we have the idea of a potential well, generalized by Klauder, with a wall of space time in the Pre Planckian regime to ask what bounds the Cosmological constant prior to inflation. We argue this is the most important fundamental question in physics today, for reasons we elaborate upon in the conclusion. Section 6 details my actual answers to the essay’s ideas, in lieu of the creation of this answer to the cosmological constant due to enhanced quantization.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1079] viXra:1712.0389 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-12 04:53:04

The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is 42

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

What is the Ultimate Answer to Life the Universe and Everything? According to the “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” an advanced race of beings invented a supercomputer called Deep Thought, which after 7.5 million years came up with the answer of 42. The real answer, to this question, could very well be related to 42. Sphere Theory is a theory where the universe is made of spheres, which are made of spheres etc. It is also a theory where perfection and imperfection are in competition, where perfect packing is cuboctahedron packing and imperfect packing is spheres packed around spheres. This imperfect packing always results in the imperfect amount of packing is nearly equal to the outer layer of spheres, which is likely related to the holographic principle. This paper shows that this spherical structure of nature is followed until the structure becomes a cuboctahedron with an outer layer of 42 spheres. The Hubble Sphere was found to have a surface area 1.0471*10^80 Planck spheres. The Planck Spheres were found to have a surface area of 6.57920 *10^40 Kaluza spheres. This paper works to help explain where these quantities come from.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1078] viXra:1712.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-18 22:34:44

Apparitions du Groupe Monstre en Physique

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez, Christian Bizouard, Dominique Weigel, Renée Veysseyre
Comments: 16 Pages.

Two mandatory triplets of universal constants gives about the same time 5.53 × 10^57 s, corresponding to a crucial lacking point in the Topological Axis : a Cosmic Boson completing the Cartan-Bott series. This time is, apart a factor √2, the Kotov quasar non-Doppler periodicity 9600.61(6) s multiplied by the Monster group order. Entire powers of the later are also identified in canonical ratios of Coherent Cosmology, where the above time appears as the Cosmic Period. The Eddington Statistical approach, considered as the third pillar of physics, rejoins the Feynman cosmic sweeping of a single electron, at last explaining non-parity and confirming the Topological Axis, which rehabilitates tachyonic bosonic string theory. New space and time quanta explain at last the 10^122 vacuum-energy discrepancy. The consideration of canonic economic numbers leads to the discovery that the Monster order is very close to the seventh power of the pariah group J3 order and the 10th power of the mass ratio BEH scalar boson/electron, whose square root is very close to the third perfect number 496, central in string theory. A direct connexion is found between the Monster group and the first Mathieu one, which confirms the Coherent Cosmology value G ≈ 6.67544 × 10^-11 kg^-1m^3s^-2, compatible with the BIPM measurement, but distinct from the tabulated value (4 sigma). The product of orders of the whole “happy family” is very close to a^a, connected with the monster order and basic number theory, implying a ≈ 137.036 to be an optimal calculation basis in a matter-antimatter blinking Cosmos. Implications on Biology and the International System of Units are also discussed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1077] viXra:1712.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-16 03:36:35

Apparitions du Groupe Monstre en Physique

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 15 Pages.

Two mandatory triplets of universal constants gives about the same time 5.53 × 10^57 s, corresponding to a crucial lacking point in the Topological Axis, corresponding to a Cosmic Boson completing the Cartan-Bott series. This time is, apart a factor √2, the Kotov quasar non-Doppler periodicity 9600.61(6) s multiplied by the Monster group order. Entire powers of the later are also identified in canonical ratios of Coherent Cosmology, where the above time appears as the Cosmic Period. The Eddington Statistical approach, considered as the third pillar of physics, rejoins the Feynman cosmic sweeping of a single electron, at last explaining non-parity and confirming the Topological Axis, which rehabilitates tachyonic bosonic string theory. New space and time quanta explain at last the 10^122 vacuum-energy discrepancy. The introduction of canonic economic numbers leads to the discovery that the Monster order is very close to the seventh power of the pariah group J3 order and the 10th power of the mass ratio BEH scalar boson/electron, whose square root is very close to the third perfect number 496, central in string theory. The product of orders of the whole “happy family” is very close to a^a, connected with the monster order and basic number theory, implying a ≈ 137.036 to be an optimal calculation basis in a matter-antimatter blinking Cosmos. Implications on Biology and the International System of Units are also discussed
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1076] viXra:1712.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-14 00:16:32

Apparitions du Groupe Monstre en Physique

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 15 Pages.

Two mandatory triplets of universal constants gives about the same time 5.53 × 10^57 s, corresponding to a crucial lacking point in the Topological Axis, and which is, apart a factor √2, the Kotov quasar non-Doppler periodicity 9600.61(6) s multiplied by the order of the Monster group. Entire powers of the later are also identified in canonical ratios of Coherent Cosmology, where the above time appears as the Cosmic Period. The Eddington approach rejoins the Feynman cosmic sweeping of a single electron, at last explaining non-parity and confirming the Topological Axis, which rehabilitates tachyonic bosonic string theory. New space and time quanta explain at last the 10^122 vacuum-energy discrepancy. The introduction of canonic economic numbers leads to the Monster order to be the seventh power of the pariah group J3 order and the 10th power of the mass ratio BEH scalar boson/electron, whose square root is very close to the third perfect number 496, central in string theory. The product of orders of the whole “happy family” is very close to a^a, connected with the monster and number theory, implying a ≈ 137.036 to be an optimal calculation basis in a matter-antimatter blinking Cosmos. Implications on Biology and the International System of Units are also discussed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1075] viXra:1712.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-02 00:20:28

Apparitions du Groupe Monstre en Physique

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez, Christian Bizouard, Dominique Weigel, Renée Veysseyre
Comments: 15 Pages.

Two mandatory triplets of universal constants gives about the same time 5.53 × 10^57 s, corresponding to a crucial lacking point in the Topological Axis, and which is, apart a factor √2, the Kotov quasar non-Doppler periodicity 9600.61(6) s multiplied by the order of the Monster group. Entire powers of the later are also identified in canonical ratios of Coherent Cosmology, where the above time appears as the Cosmic Period. The Eddington approach rejoins the Feynman cosmic sweeping of a single electron, at last explaining non-parity and confirming the Topological Axis, which rehabilitates tachyonic bosonic string theory. New space and time quanta explain at last the 10^122 vacuum-energy discrepancy. The introduction of canonic economic numbers leads to the Monster order to be the seventh power of the pariah group J3 order and the 10th power of the mass ratio BEH scalar boson/electron, whose square root is very close to the third perfect number 496, central in string theory. The product of orders of the whole “happy family” is very close to a^a, connected with the monster and number theory, implying a ≈ 137.036 to be an optimal calculation basis. Implications on Biology and the International System of Units are also discussed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1074] viXra:1712.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-28 22:41:02

Apparitions du Groupe Monstre en Physique

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez, Christian Bizouard, Dominique Weigel, Renée Veysseyre
Comments: 12 Pages.

Two mandatory combinations from different triplets of universal constants gives about the same time 5.53 × 1057 s, which is, apart a factor √2, the Kotov quasar non-Doppler periodicity 9600.61(6) s multiplied by the order of the Monster group. Entire powers of the later are also identified in canonical ratios of Coherent Cosmology, where the above time appears as the Cosmic Period. The Eddington approach rejoins the Feynman cosmic sweeping of a single electron, at last explaining non-parity and confirming the Topological Axis, which rehabilitates tachyonic bosonic string theory. New space and time quanta explain at last the 10122 vacuum-energy discrepancy. The introduction of canonic economic numbers implies a connection between the Monster and the pariah group J3., while the whole “happy family” shows overwhelming properties. Implications on Biology and the International System of Units are also discussed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1073] viXra:1712.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-25 07:57:13

Apparitions du Groupe Monstre en Physique

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez, Christian Bizouard, Dominique Weigel, Renée Veysseyre
Comments: 12 Pages.

Two mandatory combinations from different triplets of universal constants gives about the same time 5.53 × 1057 s, which is, apart a√2 factor, the Kotov quasar non-Doppler periodicity 9600.61(6) s multiplied by the order of the Monster group. Entire powers of the later are also identified in canonical ratios of Coherent Cosmology, where the above time appears as the Cosmic Period. The Eddington approach rejoins the Feynman cosmic sweeping of asingle electron, at last explaining non-parity and confirming the Topological Axis, which rehabilitates tachyonic bosonic string theory. New space and time quanta explain at last the 10122 vacuum-energy discrepancy. The introduction of canonic economic numbers implies a connection between the Monster and the pariah group J3., while the whole “happy family” shows overwhelming properties. Implications on Biology and the International System of Units are also discussed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1072] viXra:1712.0115 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-25 18:37:13

Spacetime Conversion into Matter

Authors: Gary Heen
Comments: 7 Pages.

The model put forth in this paper presupposes that spacetime is not a mathematical abstraction but has a basis in physical reality with matter and spacetime being convertible states of the same theoretical quantum particle. This postulated quantum particle is composed of D-branes and Type I strings and the nomenclature for this brane/string complex is the B-string.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1071] viXra:1712.0076 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-30 12:34:59

The Algebra of Non Local Neutrino Gravity

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 22 Pages.

The elementary algebra underlying the non local neutrino hypothesis is used to explain discrepancies in the value of Hubble's constant in terms of other physical constants, in the approximation of the R=ct semiclassical cosmology with Mach's principle. It is assumed that quantum gravity breaks the equivalence principle, in conjunction with a quantum Higgs mechanism, and this new view of the electroweak vacuum indicates an absence of dark matter and dark energy. We introduce mass quantisation in the Brannen-Koide scheme in this context.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1070] viXra:1712.0076 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-17 11:44:35

The Algebra of Non Local Quantum Physics

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 23 Pages.

The elementary algebra underlying the non local neutrino hypothesis is used to explain discrepancies in the value of Hubble's constant in terms of other physical constants, in the approximation of the R=ct semiclassical cosmology with Mach's principle. It is assumed that quantum gravity breaks the equivalence principle, in conjunction with a quantum Higgs mechanism, and this new view of the electroweak vacuum indicates an absence of dark matter and dark energy. We introduce mass quantisation in the Brannen-Koide scheme in this context.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1069] viXra:1712.0076 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-14 12:55:16

The Basic Algebra of Non Local Quantum Gravity

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 23 Pages.

The elementary algebra underlying the non local neutrino hypothesis is used to compute the low z value of Hubble's constant in terms of other physical constants, using the R=ct semiclassical cosmology. It is assumed that quantum gravity breaks the equivalence principle, in conjunction with a quantum Higgs mechanism. This new view of the electroweak vacuum indicates an absence of dark matter and dark energy. Mass quantisation uses the Brannen-Koide scheme.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1068] viXra:1712.0008 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-06 05:53:38

On Velocity Gauge Field Approach of Interactions

Authors: Jean Pierre Rukundo
Comments: 5 Pages.

A unified Mathematical framework which describes particles interactions both in classical field theory of gravity and quantum field theory is presented, by introducing a velocity gauge field. The velocity gauge field Lagrangian is developed and shown to be equivalent to the Dirac field and related to the Electromagnetic field. The velocity fields interactions are shown to produce the Einstein-Hilbert action Lagrangian. Similar extension of the Mathematical framework to the Electromagnetic field produces the Quantum electrodynamics and Yang-Mills fields Lagrangians. Finally, a unified Lagrangian describing both velocity field and Electromagnetic field types is presented and alternative formulation suggested.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1067] viXra:1711.0419 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-01 02:19:49

Time as Energy

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this development upon four previous papers [1][2][3][4], we shall finally explain the link between the idea of “time” and “energy”, in bringing the idea of parity between time and energy while explaining why quantum entanglement [5] as a concept is “immediate” (seeming to break the confines of time itself). First, we shall integrate the idea of time as energy into all the references made regarding energy in the four preceding papers, to demonstrate the consistency and greater detail available to the theory via this method of time-energy regard. Then, we shall derive the temperature of the background microwave radiation [6] in expanding upon paper 4, suggesting a “reverse” process to entropy is also in play regarding the cosmic microwave background radiation and associated heat/temperature generation. Finally, we will then be able to propose the nature of the appearance of the universe of stars in this new context, through this new filter of time-energy regard.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1066] viXra:1711.0419 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-15 21:26:13

Time as Energy

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 14 Pages.

: In this development upon four previous papers [1][2][3][4], we shall finally explain the link between the idea of “time” and “energy”, in bringing the idea of parity between time and energy while explaining why quantum entanglement [5] as a concept is “immediate” (seeming to break the confines of time itself). First, we shall integrate the idea of time as energy into all the references made regarding energy in the four preceding papers, to demonstrate the consistency and greater detail available to the theory via this method of time-energy regard. Then, we shall derive the temperature of the background microwave radiation [6] in expanding upon paper 4, suggesting a “reverse” process to entropy is also in play regarding the cosmic background microwave radiation and associated heat/temperature generation. Finally, we will then be able to propose the nature of the appearance of the universe of stars in this new context, through this new filter of time-energy regard.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1065] viXra:1711.0336 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-21 12:45:12

Lepton Mass Phases and the CKM Matrix

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 6 Pages.

The Brannen neutrino mass triplet extends Koide's rule for the charged leptons, which was used to correctly predict the tau mass. Assuming that Koide's rule is exact, we consider the fundamental 2/9 lepton phase, noting connections to the CKM matrix and arithmetic information. An estimate for the fine structure constant is included.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1064] viXra:1711.0336 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-19 12:43:47

Neutrino Mass Phases and the CKM Matrix

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 6 Pages.

The Brannen neutrino mass triplet extends Koide's rule for the charged leptons, which was used to correctly predict the Tau mass. Assuming that Koide's rule is exact, we consider the small deviation from the 2/9 lepton phase, noting connections to the CKM matrix and arithmetic information. An estimate for the fine structure constant is included.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1063] viXra:1711.0295 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-22 20:49:54

Correlation Found Between Solar Neutrinos and Solar Gravity Indicates Neutrinos as Gravity Source and Related Proposed Experiments

Authors: Jeremiah J Johnson
Comments: 7 Pages.

Examining the relationship between solar neutrino flux and solar gravity finds they correlate by (Equation provided in PDF) where are neutrinos produced per t time, c is the speed of light in a vacuum, and is Planck's length. The correlation finds a match to within 0.74% of modern standard solar models and 0.63% of solar neutrino measured values(well within the margin of error). I also consider how this simplifies the Schwarzschild radius and the ramifications of this model on gravitational time dilation. I consider how the relation between neutrinos and gravity may help unravel the positive cosmological constant and Supernova behavior. Furthermore, I find evidence of a direct relationship between quantum angular momentum spin and gravity. Lastly, three testable predictions are provided.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1062] viXra:1711.0295 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-21 02:22:06

Quantum Gravity and String Theory

Authors: Jeremiah Johnson
Comments: 7 Pages. Several updates made to the draft, removing speculation and cleaning up the equations and units.

Examining the relationship between solar neutrino flux and gravity finds they correlate by... (equation and variables removed due to Latex not showing, see pdf document). The correlation finds a match to within 0.74% of modern standard solar models and 0.63% of solar neutrino measured values(well within the margin of error). I also consider how this simplifies the Schwarzschild radius and the ramifications of this model on gravitational time dilation. I consider how the relation between neutrinos and gravity may help unravel the positive cosmological constant and Supernova behavior. Furthermore, I find evidence of a direct relationship between quantum angular momentum spin and gravity. Lastly, three testable predictions are provided.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1061] viXra:1711.0136 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-05 23:12:29

On Dark Energy and the Relativistic Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 15 Pages. Submitted to Phys. Letts. B

Recently, solutions to the $nonlinear$ Bohm-Poisson (BP) equation were found with relevant cosmological applications. We were able to obtain an exact analytical expression for the observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. In this work we considerably improve our prior arguments in support of our findings, and provide further results which include two possible extensions of the Bohm-Poisson equation to the full relativistic regime; explain how Bohm's quantum potential in four-dimensions could be re-interpreted as a gravitational potential in five-dimensions, and which explains why the presence of dark energy/dark matter in our $4D$ spacetime can only be inferred $indirectly$, but not be detected/observed directly. We conclude with some comments about the Dirac-Eddington large numbers coincidences.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1060] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-26 14:07:39

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: G. Dungworth, M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 23 Pages.

Beginning with the observationally successful FLRW constraint of Riofrio, a classical alternative to LCDM, we introduce a mass gap correction to cosmology, incorporating a few aspects of the $\Lambda$CDM model, wherein both neutrinos and non local mirror neutrinos play a key role. Non local neutrinos are antineutrinos. The equivalence principle is mildly broken using McCulloch's approach to quantum inertia and a new holographic principle. There is no dark matter and no dark energy, and mirror neutrino states are informationally connected to the CMB. Consequences include (i) a present day temperature of 2.73 K arising as a mirror rest mass, (ii) an estimate of the observable mass of the universe and (iii) an effective sterile mass of 1.29 eV, permitted by current oscillation results.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1059] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-23 14:16:24

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: G. Dungworth, M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 10 Pages.

We study two cosmologies, (i) the observationally successful FLRW constraint of Riofrio, a viable alternative to LCDM, and (ii) an adaption of this to quantum gravity, including aspects of the $\Lambda$CDM model, where neutrinos and mirror neutrinos play a key role. Mirror neutrinos are antineutrinos. The equivalence principle is mildly broken, using McCulloch's approach to quantum inertia and a new holographic principle. There is no dark matter and no dark energy, and mirror neutrino states are informationally connected to the CMB. Consequences include (i) a present day temperature of 2.73K arising as a mirror rest mass, (ii) an estimate of the observable mass of the universe and (iii) an effective sterile mass of 1.29eV, permitted by oscillation results. \end{abstract}
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1058] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-14 15:19:42

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: G. Dungworth, M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 8 Pages.

We study two cosmologies, (i) the observationally successful FRW con- straint of Riofrio, a viable alternative to ΛCDM, and (ii) an adaption of this to quantum gravity including aspects of the ΛCDM model, where neutrinos and mirror neutrinos play a key role. The equivalence prin- ciple is mildly broken, using McCulloch’s approach to quantum inertia and a new holographic principle. There is no local dark matter and no dark energy, and mirror neutrino states are informationally connected to the CMB. Consequences include (i) a present day temperature of 2.73K arising as a mirror rest mass, (ii) an estimate of the observable mass of the universe and (iii) an effective sterile mass of 1.29eV, permitted by oscillation results.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1057] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-09 13:38:18

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: G. Dungworth, M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 9 Pages.

The observationally successful FRW constraint of Riofrio is a viable alternative to LCDM. We consider neutrinos in this context, using quantum gravity, holography and McCulloch’s quantum inertia. There is no dark energy and no local dark matter. Consequences of the new cosmology include (i) a CMB temperature of 2.73K from a mirror rest mass and (ii) a resolution of the neutrino DE coincidence.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1056] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-05 13:40:38

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 7 Pages.

The observationally successful FRW alternative of Riofrio is a viable alternative to LCDM. In this context we study neutrinos in quantum gravity, using McCulloch’s quantum inertia and a new holographic principle. Quantitative consequences include (i) the CMB temperature of 2.73K from a mirror rest mass and (ii) an effective sterile mass of 1.29eV, in line with observation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1055] viXra:1710.0280 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-28 12:07:33

The Foundations of Science: Preliminary Draft.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 230 Pages.

preliminary version of a book about foundations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1054] viXra:1710.0280 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-25 17:47:58

The Foundations of Science: Preliminary Draft.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 227 Pages.

preliminary version of a book about foundations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1053] viXra:1710.0273 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-30 06:58:56

Photon is Kinetic Energy of Electron

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 8 Pages.

It is confirmed that a photon is the kinetic energy detached from an electron, and, the kinetic energy of an electron is undulation created in space, because of the wave length of bright line spectrum of light. The wavelength of the bright line spectrum of light from a hydrogen atom is explained by Niels Henrik David Bohr's hydrogen atom model. But, I assumed that "the energy and momentum of a photon " were equal to "electronic kinetic energy", in the unique way from Bohr's hydrogen atom model, and it was confirmed that the wavelengths of the bright line spectrums of light from a hydrogen atom were calculated correctly. This thing means that electronic kinetic energy becomes a photon separated from an electron. Moreover, it means that the direction and velocity of a traveling photon is different from well-known ones of light which is generally admitted.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1052] viXra:1710.0215 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-20 00:17:49

An Elegant Solution to the Cosmological Constant Problem based on The Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 6 Pages.

After applying the recently proposed Bohm-Poisson equation [1] to the observable Universe as a $whole$, and by introducing an ultraviolet (very close to the Planck scale) and an infrared (Hubble radius) scale, one can naturally obtain a value for the vacuum energy density which coincides $exactly$ with the extremely small observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. Because Bohm's formulation of QM is by construction non-local, it is this non-locality which casts light into the crucial ultraviolet/infrared entanglement of the Planck/Hubble scales which was required in order to obtain the observed value of the vacuum energy density.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1051] viXra:1710.0212 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-26 07:20:12

Nuclear Quantum Gravity – A First Review

Authors: Seshavatharam U.V.S, Lakshminarayana. S
Comments: 15 Pages. Dedicated to Dr. Abdus Salam sir

To have a unified model of nuclear quantum gravity, it seems quite reasonable to consider a large nuclear gravitational constant, $G_s \cong \left(3.3\pm 0.03\right) times 10^{28}$ $m^3/kg/sec^2$ . In this context, we show practical applications pertaining to micro physics as well as macro physics. We would like to suggest that: (1) $G_s$ plays a crucial role in understanding quantum theory of light, photoelectric work functions, superconductivity, nuclear binding energy, nuclear root mean square charge radii, root mean square radius of proton, neutron life time, neutron-proton mass difference, nuclear stability, nuclear magnetic dipole moments, weak coupling angle, Fermi’s weak coupling constant, proton melting point and total energy of electron in Hydrogen atom etc.; (2) Nuclear binding energy can be understood with a single energy coefficient of magnitude 10 MeV. (3) Newtonian gravitational constant $G_N$ and the proposed $G_s$ play a joint role in understanding neutron star mass generation as well as proton mass generation; and (4) Considering $G_s$ as a characteristic feature of magnetism, celestial bodies ‘mass dependent’ magnetic dipole moments can be estimated. (5) Magnitude of $G_N$ can certainly be estimated from microscopic elementary physical constants.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1050] viXra:1710.0200 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-04 03:37:04

Inertia (in Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 2 Pages.

We consider how inertia appears in the theory of emergent space-time-matter. The phenomenon of inertia is explained for the case of the presence of reflection symmetry in the wave function. For the rest of cases, there is no explanation for inertia, but there is an assumption that the development of a mathematical model based on the construction of universes from the field of the Metauniverse will justify the inertia for such a case.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1049] viXra:1710.0172 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-19 06:45:03

Projection Gravitation, a Projection Force from 5-Dimensional Space-Time Into 4-Dimensional Space-Time

Authors: XiaoLin Li
Comments: 31 Pages.

A new gravity theory. Gravity is a projection force from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The Lorentz symmetry is a projection of particle-wave symmetry from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The gravity is an additional projection force of Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity is an extension to Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity can be seen as some kind of symmetry. Gravity only exists in 4-dimensional space-time. In 5-dimensional space-time, there not have gravity. Equivalence principle is invalid in the new gravitation. In the new gravitation, there does not have gravitational acceleration. In the new gravitation, there only have inertial coordinates, not have non-inertial coordinates. In the new gravitation, the gravity source is only the rest mass, not energy. The particle can’t be the gravity source if the particle not has rest mass. The photon not has gravity. But any particle can be affected by gravity. The photon is affected by gravity also. The gravitational mass is only equivalent to the rest mass. Under approximate weak gravity and approximate circular orbit condition, the new gravitation is equivalent to the General Relativity. The four classic experimental tests, the deflection of light by the sun, the precession of mercury, the red shift of light by the sun, the radar echo delay, are experimental tests to the new gravitation also. But even under approximate weak gravity condition, if the orbit is not approximate circular, if the orbit has higher eccentricity, there exists obvious difference between the General Relativity and the new gravitation. This difference can be a experimental test to distinguish which one is more realistic. The space-time is flat in the new gravitation, not is curved. In the new gravitation, the energy is conserved. The new gravitation is simpler than the General Relativity. In the new gravitation, the photon’s equivalent gravitational acceleration is twice of the acceleration in Newton Gravitation. In the new gravitation, there not exists black hole, but exists empty hole, and not exists space-time singularity and energy singularity. The new gravity has obvious scale effect. The new gravity has the scale factor. In gravity field, the scale factor determines the quantization results of particle’s motion. The new gravity perhaps is a force that inhibits the uncertainty of macroscopic objects. The new gravitation can derive out the result of the Planck Energy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1048] viXra:1710.0136 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-16 08:31:37

Theory of Discrete Gravity

Authors: Mihir Jha
Comments: 7 Pages.

Theory of everything (T.O.E), final theory or ultimate theory is a theoretical framework in the field of physics, which holds an ultimate key to unify all the fundamental forces of nature in a single field. In other words such theory can glue quantum mechanics with general relativity into a single framework. Many theories have been postulated over the decades but the dominant one includes string theory and loop quantum gravity. In this paper I would like to present a new framework which can unify quantum mechanics with general relativity by showing that the change in Riemannian metric or the bend in space time is always an integral multiple of planks constant and since gravity is the result due to bend in space-time, gravity itself is a discrete force.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1047] viXra:1710.0034 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-05 05:38:09

The New Physics Black Hole Nucleus: Gravity Without Inertial Mass Effects.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 29 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, Mass is the potency of Rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons to be produced by the collision process, between mass less ring shaped Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons. More extended loops or "arms" of each particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons or other electromagnetic monopole photons per time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a pressure force. So, Gravity can be described as the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. Emergent gravity as proposed by E.Verlinde is one of the results of this assumption, the electric dark matter black hole non inertial effects are the other side of the coin.. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long no fermion or boson comes too close. So if the new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot then there is no graviton production supposed. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus and the result of the Casimir absorption effect of the vacuum by the black hole nucleus. At the same time, gravitons are not leaving the black hole at all. In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local spacetime creating vacuum lattice. Conclusion Bosons (Higgs, W and Z particles) seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice. The LHC could perhaps be able to show this anti inertial mass effect created by the solar reference frame or solar LASOF ( Local Oscillating vacuum Frame).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1046] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-21 10:05:49

On the Trouble With Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1045] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-19 07:31:21

On the Trouble With Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1044] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-17 12:26:18

On the Trouble With Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1043] viXra:1709.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-17 09:40:35

On the Trouble With Physics

Authors: John Smith
Comments: 19 Pages.

Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the world has been under the sway of the philosophy of atomism, which holds that the parts are prior to the whole, and so that the world is an empty receptacle in which material objects are placed like furniture in an empty room. This philosophy however contradicts the General Theory of Relativity according to which the fundamental condition of the universe involves no space and time and therefore no matter, and has numerous undesirable consequences. It is argued here that the alternative conception -that the whole is prior to the parts, and that space disrupts light rather than the other way around- coheres with theory and with observation, and that it is supported by mathematical principles by reference to which several problems of physics can be solved.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1042] viXra:1709.0101 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-10 04:32:33

Our Universe and Emergent Gravity.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. replace

Our matter universe and surrounding antimatter universe and emergent gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1041] viXra:1709.0017 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-02 05:59:18

Showing Fjortof’s Theorem Does not Apply for Defining Instability for Early Universe Thermodynamic Potentials. Asking if Nucleated Particles Result At/before Electro-Weak Era Due to Injection of Matter-Energy at the Big Bang?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 16 Pages. Identical to last version. Changed my name, to Andrew Beckwith, so it is easier to find

This paper uses the “Fjortoft theorem” for defining necessary conditions for instability. The point is that it does not apply in the vicinity of the big bang. We apply this theorem to what is called by T. Padmanabhan a thermodynamic potential which becomes would be unstable if conditions for the applications of “Fjortoft’s theorem” hold. In our case, there is no instability, so a different mechanism has to be appealed to. In the case of vacuum nucleation, we argue that conditions exist for the nucleation of particles as of the electroweak regime. Due to injecting material from a node point, in spacetime. This regime of early universe creation, coexits with the failure of applications of “Fjortoft” theorem in such a way as to give necessary and sufficient conditons for matter creation, in a way similar to the Higgs Boson. Key words: Fjortoft theorem, thermodynamic potential, matter creation, Higgs Boson.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1040] viXra:1708.0372 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-28 13:37:41

Dynamics of the Gravity Field

Authors: Malik Matwi
Comments: 37 Pages. Damascus University, Syria.

We derive the canonical momentum of the gravity field. Then we use it to derive the path integral of the gravity field. The canonical momentum is represented in Lorentz group. We derive it from the holonomy U(A) of the connection A of Lorentz group. We derive the path integral of gravity field as known in quantum fields theory and discuss the situation of free gravity field (like electromagnetic field). We find that this situation is only in the background spacetime, weak gravity, the situation of low matter density. We search for a theory in which the gravity field is a dynamical at any energy in arbitrary curved spacetime. For that, we suggest a duality gravity-area. That duality lets to possibility to study both gravity and area as dynamical fields in arbitrary curved spacetime. We find that the area field exists in the space-like and the gravity field exists in the time-like. We find that the tensor product of gravity and area fields, in selfdual representation, satisfies the reality condition. We derive the static potential of exchanging gravitons in scalar and spinor fields, the Newtonian gravitational potential.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1039] viXra:1708.0372 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-30 10:50:20

The Dynamics of the Gravity Field

Authors: Malik Matwi
Comments: 34 Pages. Damascus University, Syria

We derive the canonical momentum of the gravity field. Then we use it to derive the path integral of the gravity field. The canonical momentum is represented in Lorentz group. We derive it from the holonomy U(A) of the connection A of Lorentz group. We derive the path integral of gravity field as known in quantum fields theory and discuss the situation of free gravity field (like electromagnetic field). We find that this situation is only in the background spacetime, weak gravity, the situation of low matter density. We search for a theory in which the gravity field is a dynamical at any energy in arbitrary curved spacetime. For that, we suggest a duality gravity-area. That duality lets to possibility to study both gravity and area as dynamical fields in arbitrary curved spacetime. We find that the area field exists in the space-like and the gravity field exists in the time-like. We find that the tensor product of gravity and area fields, in selfdual representation, satisfies the reality condition. We derive the static potential of exchanging gravitons in scalar and spinor fields, the Newtonian gravitational potential.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory