Quantum Gravity and String Theory

0912 Submissions

[12] viXra:0912.0052 [pdf] submitted on 26 Dec 2009

"Aspin" Bubbles: Mechanical Project for the Unification of the Forces of Nature

Authors: Yoël Lana-Renault
Comments: 31 pages with 7 figures

This paper describes a mechanical theory for the unification of the basic forces of Nature with a single wave-particle interaction. The theory is based on the hypothesis that the ultimate components of matter are just two kind of pulsating particles. The interaction between these particles immersed in a fluid-like medium (ether) reproduces all the forces in Nature: electric, nuclear, gravitational, magnetic, atomic, van der Waals, Casimir, etc. The theory also designes the internal structure of the atom and of the fundamental particles that are currently known. Thus, a new concept of physics, capable of tackling entirely new problems, is introduced.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:0912.0050 [pdf] submitted on 24 Dec 2009

Quantum Time is Derived from Motion

Authors: Amrit S. Sorli
Comments: 3 pages

In physics spatial distance d is a product of velocity v and time t : d = v*t . Mathematical formalism x4 = i*c*t confirms that in Special Theory of Relativity forth coordinate x4 is spatial too. x4 is composed out of c light speed, imaginary number i and time t that represents "thick" of a clock. Time t obtained with clocks describes numerical order of material change t0 ,t1 ,t2 .......tn. Clocks are reference systems for measuring frequency, velocity, numerical order of material changes that run in space. Time t x4 is running of clocks in space. Clock/time is a measuring reference system for measuring physical events that are running exclusively in space and not in time. Light speed c of light motion is a fundamental speed in the universe on which is calculated basis unit of time "Planck time". This view explains some recent experiments which confirm that time t of physical event can be zero.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:0912.0039 [pdf] submitted on 18 Dec 2009

A Gravity, U(4) x U(4) Yang-Mills and Matter Unification in Clifford Spaces

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 11 Pages. This article will appear in the special issue of the Invertis Journal of Science and Technology, New Dehli, 2010

A brief review of a Conformal Gravity and U(4) x U(4) Yang-Mills Unification model in four dimensions from a Clifford Gauge Field Theory in C-spaces (Clifford spaces) is presented. It based on the (complex) Clifford Cl(4,C) algebra underlying a complexified four dimensional spacetime (8 real dimensions). The 16 fermions of each generation can be arranged into the 16 entries of a 4 x 4 matrix associated with the A = 1, 2, 3, ....., 16 indices corresponding to the dimensions of the Cl(4) gauge algebra. The Higgs sector is also part of the Cl(4)-algebra polyvector valued gauge field in C-space. The Yukawa couplings which furnish masses to the fermions (after symmetry breaking) admit a C-space geometric interpretation as well.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:0912.0027 [pdf] submitted on 10 Dec 2009

General Systems and the Unified Field Theory. Part 2

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 22 pages.

The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory, as presented in these pages, can be briefly sketched as follows: "Noether's Theorem" states that in a multicomponent field such as the electromagnetic field (or the metric field of spacetime), where one finds a symmetry one finds an associated conservation law, and vice versa. In matter, light's symmetries are conserved by charge and spin; in spacetime, by inertial and gravitational forces. All forms of energy, including the conservation/entropy domain of spacetime, originate as light. During the "Big Bang", the asymmetric interaction of primordial, high energy light with the metric structure of spacetime produces matter; matter carries charges which are the symmetry (and entropy) debts of the light which created it. Charges produce forces which act to return the material system to its original symmetric state (light), paying matter's symmetry/entropy debts. Repayment is exampled by matter-antimatter annihilation reactions, particle and proton decay, the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars, and Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes. Identifying the broken symmetries of light associated with each of the 4 forces (and charges) of physics is the first step toward a conceptual unification of those forces. (Part 2)
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:0912.0026 [pdf] submitted on 10 Dec 2009

General Systems and the Unified Field Theory, part 1

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 21 pages. This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory, as presented in these pages, can be briefly sketched as follows: "Noether's Theorem" states that in a multicomponent field such as the electromagnetic field (or the metric field of spacetime), where one finds a symmetry one finds an associated conservation law, and vice versa. In matter, light's symmetries are conserved by charge and spin; in spacetime, by inertial and gravitational forces. All forms of energy, including the conservation/entropy domain of spacetime, originate as light. During the "Big Bang", the asymmetric interaction of primordial, high energy light with the metric structure of spacetime produces matter; matter carries charges which are the symmetry (and entropy) debts of the light which created it. Charges produce forces which act to return the material system to its original symmetric state (light), paying matter's symmetry/entropy debts. Repayment is exampled by matter-antimatter annihilation reactions, particle and proton decay, the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars, and Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes. Identifying the broken symmetries of light associated with each of the 4 forces (and charges) of physics is the first step toward a conceptual unification of those forces. (Part 1)
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:0912.0025 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-29 13:28:41

A Rationale for Gravitation

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 6 Pages.

The rationale for gravity begins with the creation of the Cosmos - the negative energy of gravity is necessary to balance the positive energy of the "Big Bang", so that the "Creation Event" requires zero net energy. This is the time when gravity is joined with the other forces in equal strength, and bound energy (mass) is created from free energy (light) and the structural metric of spacetime. Initially, bound energy is in the form of matter-antimatter pairs, so that creation is initiated from a state of zero net charge as well as zero net energy. Beginning in such a state of complete neutrality (perhaps as a giant quantum fluctuation of the vacuum, an "inflationary bubble", or Divine Fiat), the Universe can only evolve into a state of complete conservation. (All "Creation" scenarios are speculative, whether rational or intuitive.) The gravitational rationale extends beyond the "Creation Event" to the production of matter's time dimension and the conservation of the entropy and symmetry of free electromagnetic energy (light). These secondary conservation roles (which manifest as the gravitational conversion of space to time, and the gravitational conversion of bound to free energy via the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars, supernovas, quasars, and Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes), are natural consequences of the mode of action of gravity's primary role, which is the creation of negative energy and entropy via the contraction and destruction of space (creating time), in contradistinction to the creation, expansion, and cooling of space by the positive energy and entropy of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:0912.0020 [pdf] submitted on 8 Dec 2009

Further on the Black Hole War, or To Make the World Deep, Precise and Large Enough for Physics

Authors: Elemér E Rosinger
Comments: 14 pages.

Two somewhat long overdue arguments presented here may help in further clarifying the so called "Black Whole War" and beyond that, may be useful in Physics at large.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:0912.0019 [pdf] submitted on 8 Dec 2009

12 Summary Points Concerning Gravity

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 8 pages. This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

"Local gauge symmetry currents" are forces that maintain the local invariance of universal constants, charges, and other conserved parameters (such as causality and the "Interval") despite the hostile environment of a variable gravitational (or inertial) metric, relative rather than absolute motion, entropy, partial charges, etc. These compensatory forces are due to the activity of the field vectors of the four forces, which not only act (in the long term) to return these asymmetric material systems to their original symmetric state (light), but also act (in the short term) to protect and maintain the invariant values of their symmetry debts (charges), while awaiting a final repayment via antimatter annihilation, proton decay, the "quantum radiance" of black holes, or a universal "Big Crunch". Gravity pays the entropy-interest on the symmetry debt of matter by creating matter's time dimension via the annihilation of space, providing a historical domain within which charge conservation can have significance. Gravitation eventually also pays the energy-principle on matter's symmetry debt, converting bound energy to free energy in stars and via Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:0912.0009 [pdf] replaced on 14 Apr 2011

Global and Local Gauge Symmetries: Part IV

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 11 pages. This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

Local gauge symmetry currents" are forces that maintain the local invariance of universal constants and other conserved parameters (such as charge, causality, and the "Interval") despite the hostile environment of a variable gravitational (or inertial) metric, relative rather than absolute motion, entropy, partial charges, etc. These compensatory forces are due to the activity of the field vectors of the four forces, which not only act (in the long term) to return these asymmetric material systems to their original symmetric state (light), but also act (in the short term) to protect and maintain the invariant values of their charges (= symmetry debts) while awaiting a final repayment via antimatter annihilation, proton decay, the "quantum radiance" of blackholes, or a universal "Big Crunch.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:0912.0007 [pdf] replaced on 2012-10-10 20:15:05

Light and Matter - a Synopsis

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 9 Pages.

The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory, as presented in these pages, can be briefly sketched as follows: "Noether's Theorem" states that in a continuous multi-component field such as the electromagnetic field (or the metric field of spacetime), where one finds a symmetry one finds an associated conservation law, and vice versa. In matter, light's symmetries are conserved by charge and spin; in spacetime, by inertial and gravitational forces. Light's raw energy is conserved as mass and momentum; light's intrinsic motion or entropy "drive" is conserved as time and gravitation. All forms of energy, including the conservation/entropy domain of spacetime, originate as light. During the "Big Bang", the asymmetric interaction (as mediated by the weak force) of primordial, high energy light with the metric structure of spacetime and the four forces of physics (including gravity) produced matter; matter carries charges which are the symmetry (and entropy) debts of the light which created it. Charge invariance is a crucial corollary of charge and symmetry conservation, maintained in our temporal (gravitational/spacetime) metric of relative motion by "local gauge symmetry currents" (compensating components of the field vectors of the four physical forces, such as magnetism and time). The invariance of "velocity c", the "Interval", and causality are likewise important dimensional corollaries of energy conservation (the "Lorentz Invariance" of Special and General Relativity). Charges produce forces which act to return the material system to its original symmetric state (light), paying (partially or completely) matter's symmetry/entropy debts. Repayment of matter's symmetry debt (partial or complete) is exampled by: 1) spontaneous, exothermic chemical reactions and matter-antimatter annihilations (electromagnetic force); 2) radioactivity, fission/fusion, and proton decay (weak/strong nuclear forces); 3) the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars, the conversion of potential gravitational energy to light by quasars, and Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes (gravity). Identifying the broken symmetries of light associated with each of the 4 charges and forces of physics is the first step toward a conceptual unification of those forces. The charges of matter are the symmetry debts of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:0912.0003 [pdf] replaced on 1 Oct 2010

Orthodox Quantization of Einstein's Gravity: Might Its Unrenormalizability be Technically Fathomable and Physically Innocuous?

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 6 pages, Also archived as arXiv:0908.3024 [physics.gen-ph]. Conclusion section added.

Many physical constants related to quantized gravity, e.g., the Planck length, mass, curvature, stress-energy, etc., are nonanalytic in G at G = 0, and thus have expansions in powers of G whose terms are progressively more divergent with increasing order. Since the gravity field's classical action is inversely proportional to G, the path integral for gravity-field quantum transition amplitudes shows that these depend on G only through the product ℏG, and are nonanalytic in G at G = 0 for the same reason that all quantum transition amplitudes are nonanalytic in ℏ at ℏ = 0, namely their standard oscillatory essential singularity at the classical 'limit'. Thus perturbation expansions in powers of G of gravity-field transition amplitudes are also progressively more divergent with increasing order, and hence unrenormalizable. While their perturbative treatment is impossible, the exceedingly small value of ℏG makes the semiclassical treatment of these amplitudes extraordinarily accurate, indeed to such an extent that purely classical treatment of the gravity field ought to always be entirely adequate. It should therefore be fruitful to couple classical gravity to other fields which actually need to be quantized: those fields' ubiquitous, annoying ultraviolet divergences would thereupon undergo drastic self-gravitational red shift, and thus be cut off.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:0912.0001 [pdf] replaced on 2012-03-05 07:58:07

Synopsis of Unification: The System of Spacetime

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 9 Pages.

The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory, as presented in these pages, can be briefly sketched as follows: "Noether's Theorem" states that in a continuous multi-component field such as the electromagnetic field (or the metric field of spacetime), where one finds a symmetry one finds an associated conservation law, and vice versa. In matter, light's symmetries are conserved by charge and spin; in spacetime, by inertial and gravitational forces. Light's raw energy is conserved as mass and momentum; light's intrinsic motion or entropy drive is conserved as time and gravitation. All forms of energy, including the entropic conservation domain of spacetime, originate as light. During the "Big Bang", the asymmetric interaction of primordial, high energy light with the metric structure of spacetime (and combined with the unified action of the four forces of physics), produces matter; matter carries charges which are the symmetry (and entropy) debts of the light which created it. Charge invariance is therefore an important corollary of charge and symmetry conservation, maintained in our temporal (gravitational) metric of relative motion by "local gauge symmetry currents" (compensating components of the field vectors, such as magnetism and time). The invariance of "velocity c", the "Interval", and causality are likewise important metric corollaries of energy conservation (the "Lorentz Invariance" of Special and General Relativity). Charges produce forces which act to return the material system to its original symmetric energy state (light), paying (partially or completely) matter's symmetry/entropy debt. Repayment of matter's symmetry debt is exampled by: 1) spontaneous, exothermic chemical reactions and matter-antimatter annihilation; 2) radioactivity and proton decay; 3) the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars and Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes. Identifying the broken symmetries of light associated with the charges and forces of physics (including gravity) is the first step toward a conceptual unification. The charges of matter are the symmetry debts of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory