Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1012 Submissions

[6] viXra:1012.0053 [pdf] submitted on 30 Dec 2010

A Universe Programmed with Strings of Qubits

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 9 pages, entry for FQXi essay contest "Is Reality Digital or Analog?"

It has been suggested that reality works like a quantum computer, but such claims are just words if they are not backed up by sound mathematics. In pursuit of the fundamental equations I look to string theory where physicists led by Mike Duff have noticed useful connections between the quantum gravity of black holes and quantum information theory. By building on my earlier work on universal symmetry in string theory and using links between elliptic curves and hyperdeterminants, I find intriguing clues that these connections may be deep as well as useful. Ultimately any theory of the foundations of physics must explain why there are four forces and three generations of fermions. In string theory this would be a consequence of the choice of vacua. If a consistent formulation of string theory constructed from quantum bits can be found, it may be possible to understand the vast landscape of possibilities better and reverse engineer the program that codes our universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1012.0048 [pdf] submitted on 24 Dec 2010

Quantum Gravity

Authors: Peter C. Chindove
Comments: 5 pages.

It would seem to me that paragraphs like this serve one main purpose - to make the reader aware of the reputation of the author and their ability to satisfy the proposition made by the chosen title. Basically, by the time the reader has read this abstract they will have become either more eager or more suspicious. In my estimation, this is a kind of courtship ritual among scientists. I am like a peacock, I spread my feathers and type/whisper 'whype' sweet things that entice you into some kind of delusion. Sadly, for you, you have neither heard of me nor are you at this stage frothing at the mouth, chomping at the bit to read on. But, surely you must be mad to stop here.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1012.0046 [pdf] submitted on 23 Dec 2010

Black Hole Complementarity as a Condition on Pre and Post Selected String States

Authors: Lawrence B. Crowell
Comments: 13 pages.

The holographic principle of black holes tells us the field theoretic information of strings on the event horizon is completely equivalent to field theoretic information in the spacetime one dimension larger outside. This physics is observed on a frame stationary with respect to the black hole. The question naturally arises; what physics is accessed by the observer falling through the event horizon on an inertial frame? This paper examines this and demonstrates a duality between the two perspectives. This question is important for the black hole small enough to exhibit fluctuations comparable to its scale. A sufficiently small quantum black hole will be composed of strings in a superposition of interior and exterior configurations or states
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1012.0043 [pdf] submitted on 22 Dec 2010

Prespacetime Model II: Genesis of Self-Referential Matrix Law, & the Ontology & Mathematics of Ether

Authors: Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu
Comments: 31 pages.

This work is a continuation of the prespacetime model described previously. Here we show how in this model prespacetime generates: (1) energy-momentum-mass relationship as transcendental Law of One, (2) self-referential Matrix Law with energy-momentum-mass relationship as the determinant, (3) dual-world Law of Zero and (4) immanent Law of Conservation of in the external/internal World which may be violated in certain processes. We further show how prespactime generates, sustain and makes evolving elementary particles and composite particles incorporating the genesis of self-referential Matrix Law. In addition, we discuss the ontology and mathematics of ether in this model. Illustratively, in the beginning there was prespacetime by itself e0=1 materially empty and it began to imagine through primordial self-referential spin (see paper) such that it created the self-referential Matrix Law, the external object to be observed and internal object as observed, separated them into external world and internal world, caused them to interact through said Matrix Law and thus gave birth to the Universe which it has since sustained and made to evolve.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1012.0024 [pdf] submitted on 10 Dec 2010

Maxwell Symmetrical Gravitational Wave

Authors: Vincenzo Sicari
Comments: 2 pages

There are various physics phenomenon which can find a simple explanation in linking gravity and electromagnetism. Einstein's Relativity can simply explain only the mass because he considered time as a scalar rather than a vector. The intension of this paper is to propose a new point of view, treating time as a three-dimensional vector, finding three vector value formula by three-dimensional space-time formula (curvature formula), finding a new symmetry on the plane for a wave equation substitute for Maxwell's symmetrical wave, only E and only B, not E and B linked. This linking is in error; in fact they are a two sum effect. The electromagnetic wave in space has, as well known, three energy component: B field E field and wave length (frequency). This energy is acknowledged, but we must see the wave like an elastic chain of single wavelets (a string of individual wavelets).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1012.0017 [pdf] replaced on 10 Oct 2011

Beautiful Universe: Towards Reconstructing Physics From New First Principles

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 36 pages

A proposal to reconstruct physics from simple physically realistic first principles is outlined using a Beautiful Universe model. Just one type of 'building block' is used: a spherically-symmetrical charged node spinning with angular momentum in units of Planck's constant (h). Rotating nodes magnetize and self-assemble as a regular face-centered cubic attice to form the vacuum, radiation and matter. Three space and one time dimension are derived from the lattice and node interactions. Mutual repulsion between nodes with their like poles aligned accounts both for the accelerating expansion of the universe (dark energy) and the vacuum pressure on matter (dark matter). A spinning node transfers its angular momentum to adjacent nodes by rotating on an orthogonal axis, thus creating an electromagnetic field with forward momentum. The spin rate of the node receiving the momentum, its 'density' determines the variable rate cv at which it receives the radiation. In a vacuum cv is the maximum, c0 the velocity of light. Two or more adjacent nodes locked together through a tensegrity of attractive (+ -) and repulsive electrostatic forces form as matter. The surrounding nodes twist and orient their axes to form magnetic, gravitational or electrostatic fields. The inverse-square law and E=mc02 are derived from the resulting geometry. Motion of matter is a self-convolution of an energy pattern in the lattice. This links Newtonian force and mass directly to domino-like transfer of momentum between nodes, in units of h, whereby a collision causes a relativistic contraction of an object's length. Doppler shifts in the signals used by an outside observer to measure the moving object causes a further contraction in the estimated length, equivalent to time dilation. The two effects explain a result of Special relativity in classical terms. Using the Hamiltonian Analogy and the idea of a node index of refraction n=c0/cv General Relativity is reduced to the dynamics of energy transport along streamlines made up of nodes of different rotation. Variable velocity along curved streamlines is acceleration and hence gravity. Quantum probability is derived from the electric field of a dipole wave in the lattice where Heisenberg's uncertainty relations emerge naturally from the resulting geometry. Cosmological inflation, but not a Big-Bang singularity would result from initial conditions of nodes in their closest proximity to each other. The outline of a discrete calculus needed to describe the model's interactions is presented. Some experiments are proposed to test various aspects of the model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory