Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1203 Submissions

[11] viXra:1203.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-28 02:08:04

Today, Atheism Is Reasonable And Scientific. Tomorrow, Mathematics And Physics Will Show That Atheism Is Mistaken.

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 21 Pages.

We begin 600 years in the future, looking back and forth in time until we arrive in the next millennium … where science explains Infinity, Eternity and God. Subheadings in this article are – The 27th Century, Electrical Engineering, Relatively Short-Term Benefits, Gravitational-Electromagnetic Equivalence, Unified Field Theory, Resurrection To Eternal Life, Time Travel And Teleporting, The 30th Century, < Doctor Who … Mathematical Hyperspace And Quantum Spin >, Mobius Loop, Localized Unified Field, The Matrix And The Figure-8 Klein Bottle, Real / Imaginary / Negative, 1000 Years+, Quantum Mechanical God’s-Eye View, Unification Explains Infinity And Eternity And God, Hidden Variables, Virtual Particles
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1203.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-27 20:59:35

Role of the `molar Electron Mass' in Coupling the Strong, Weak and Gravitational Interactions

Authors: U.V.S.Seshavatharam, S.Lakshminarayana
Comments: 5 Pages. Searching, collecting, sorting and compiling the cosmic code is an essential part of unification

Considering the `molar electron mass' an attempt is made to understand the strong, weak and gravitational interactions in a unified approach. Muon \& tau rest masses, nuclear characteristic size, proton size, nucleon rest masses and magnetic moments were fitted. Obtained SEMF energy coefficients are 16.28, 19.36, 0.7681, 23.76 and 11.88 MeV respectively.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1203.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-19 10:58:09

Fermi Energy of Proton and the Semf Energy Coefficients

Authors: U.V.S.Seshavatharam, S.Lakshminarayana
Comments: 3 Pages.

Considering the Avogadro number as a scaling factor an attempt is made to understand the origin of the strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions in a unified approach. Nuclear characteristic size, proton size, nucleon rest masses and magnetic moments were fitted. It is noticed that, nuclear binding energy can be understood with the `molar electron mass' and `fermi energy' concepts.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1203.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-18 12:46:17

The 3 Atomic Forces and the Strong Coupling Constant

Authors: U.V.S.Seshavatharam, S.Lakshminarayana
Comments: 3 Pages.

Key conceptual link that connects the gravitational force and non-gravitational forces is - the classical force limit, $F_C \cong \left(\frac{c^{4} }{G} \right)$. Nuclear weak force magnitude is $F_W \cong \frac{F_C}{N^2}$ where $N$ is the Avogadro number. Relation between the nuclear strong force and weak force magnitudes can be expressed as $\sqrt{\frac{F_S}{F_W}} \cong 2 \pi \ln \left(N^2\right).$ It is noticed that there exists simple relations in between the nuclear strong force, weak force and the force on the revolving electron in the Bohr radius of the Hydrogen atom. An attempt is made to couple the strong coupling constant with these 3 forces.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1203.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-18 02:07:39

Quaternionic-valued Gravitation in 8D, Grand Unification and Finsler Geometry

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 15 Pages. Submitted to the Int. Jour. of Theor. Physics

A unification model of 4D gravity and SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) Yang-Mills theory is presented. It is obtained from a Kaluza-Klein compactification of 8D quaternionic gravity on an internal CP^2 = SU (3)/U(2) symmetric space . We proceed to explore the nonlinear connection A^a_\mu ( x, y ) formalism used in Finsler geometry to show how ordinary gravity in D = 4 + 2 dimensions has enough degrees of freedom to encode a 4D gravitational and SU (5) Yang-Mills theory. This occurs when the internal two-dim space is a sphere S^2 . This is an appealing result because SU (5) is one of the candidate GUT groups. We conclude by discussing how the nonlinear connection formalism of Finsler geometry provides an infinite hierarchical extension of the Standard Model within a six dimensional gravitational theory due to the embedding of SU (3) x SU (2) x U(1) \subset SU ( 5 ) \subset SU ( \infty ) .
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1203.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-25 07:57:53

Kaluza-Cartan Theory And A New Cylinder Condition

Authors: Robert Watson
Comments: 40 Pages.

Kaluza’s 1921 theory of gravity and electromagnetism using a fifth wrapped-up spatial dimension is inspiration for many modern attempts to develop new physical theories. For a number of reasons the theory is incomplete and generally considered untenable. An alternative approach is presented that includes torsion, unifying gravity and electromagnetism in a Kaluza-Cartan theory. Emphasis is placed on admitting important electromagnetic fields not present in Kaluza’s original theory, and on the Lorentz force law. This is investigated via a non-Maxwellian kinetic def- inition of charge related to Maxwellian charge and 5D momentum. Two connections and a new cylinder condition are used. General covariance and global properties are investigated via a reduced non-maximal atlas. Conserved super-energy is used in place of the energy conditions for 5D causality. Explanatory relationships between matter, charge and spin are present.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1203.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-13 21:16:16

Quantum Theory, String Theory, Strong Gravity and the Avogadro Number

Authors: U.V.S.Seshavatharam, S.Lakshminarayana
Comments: 29 Pages.

Nucleon behaves as if it constitutes molar electron mass. In a unified way nucleon's mass, size and other characteristic properties can be studied with this idea. If strong interaction is really $10^{39}$ times stronger than the strength of gravity, this proposal can be given a chance. Key conceptual link that connects the gravitational force and non-gravitational forces is - the classical force limit, $F_C \cong \left(\frac{c^{4} }{G} \right)$. It can be considered as the upper limit of the cosmic string tension. Weak force magnitude $F_W$ can be considered as the characteristic nuclear weak string tension. Until the measurement of $\left(F_C \;\&\; F_W\right)-$ it can be assumed that $\frac{F_C}{F_W}\cong N^2$ where $N$ is Avogadro like number.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1203.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-10 18:18:53

Does the Rañada-Milgrom Effect Explain the Flyby Anomaly?

Authors: David Brown
Comments: 2 Pages.

In 2007, the JPL researchers Anderson, Campbell, Ekelund, Ellis, and Jordan found an empirical prediction formula which describes anomalous orbital-energy changes for six Earth flybys. The Rañada-Milgrom effect might explain the empirical prediction formula found by these JPL researchers.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1203.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-10 08:47:55

Does the Rañada-Milgrom Effect Explain the Ecliptic Alignment of CMB Anisotropy?

Authors: David Brown
Comments: 2 Pages.

The cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation yields a precise probe of the universe’s largest structures. The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) data revealed anomalies at the largest angular scales (> 60º). Statistical analysis showed that there exist statistically significant correlations between features of the microwave sky and both the motion of the solar system and the orientation of the plane of the ecliptic. From a qualitative viewpoint, these anomalous statistical correlations are what one would expect if Sun-caused gravitational lensing were slightly different from the predictions of general relativity theory. Thus, there is a qualitative indication that the Rañada-Milgrom effect is empirically valid.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1203.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-06 00:55:39

Dirac Singletons in a Quantum Theory over a Galois Field

Authors: Felix M. Lev
Comments: 37 Pages. Well known results on singletons in standard theory are generalized to the case of a quantum theory over a Galois field.

Dirac singletons are exceptional irreducible representations (IRs) of the so(2,3) algebra found by Dirac. As shown in a seminal work by Flato and Fronsdal, the tensor product of singletons can be decomposed into massless IRs of the so(2,3) algebra and therefore each massless particle (e.g. the photon) can be represented as a composite state of singletons. This poses a fundamental problem of whether only singletons can be treated as true elementary particles. However, in standard quantum theory (based on complex numbers) such a possibility encounters difficulties since one has to answer the following questions: a) why singletons have not been observed and b) why the photon is stable and its decay into singletons has not been observed. We show by direct calculations that in a quantum theory over a Galois field (GFQT), the decomposition of the tensor product of singletons IRs contains not only massless IRs but also special massive IRs which have no analogs in standard theory. In the case of supersymmetry we explicitly construct a complete set of IRs taking part in the decomposition of the tensor product of supersingletons. Then in GFQT one can give natural explanations of a) and b).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1203.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-05 09:03:57

Anomalous Gravitational Acceleration and the OPERA Neutrino Anomaly (Updated)

Authors: David Brown
Comments: 4 Pages.

In September 2011, OPERA researchers observed muon neutrinos that seemed to travel faster than the speed of light, but in February 2012, re-analysis suggested that a loose fiber optic cable might have caused the problem. The explanation of the OPERA neutrino anomaly might have 3 alternatives: (1) There are one or more serious experimental errors. (2) Quantum field theory is slightly wrong. (3) General relativity theory is slightly wrong. Is alternative (3) known to be true? Overwhelming empirical evidence shows that Milgrom is the Kepler of modern cosmology. Combination of the ideas of Fernández-Rañada and Milgrom might explain the OPERA neutrino anomaly, because the GPS timing differs slightly from the predictions of general relativity theory. Professor Antonio Fernández-Rañada and I have exchanged e-mails on the Rañada-Milgrom effect and he wants to be more thorough before going into print. He and I might, or might not, be regarded as implicit collaborators. His ideas seem to indicate that the Rañada-Milgrom effect is approximately correct, but my ideas favor the effect as a precise indication of the existence of alternate universes.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory