Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1303 Submissions

[15] viXra:1303.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2013-04-01 08:49:44

If a Machian Relationship Between Gravitons and Gravitinos Exists, What Does Such a Relationship Imply as to Scale Factor and Quinessence Evolution and the Evolution of DM?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 2 page poster for the Moriond 2013 conference in March 9-16 2013 . Very high phenomenology in the universe section. Assumes restricted SUSY space which would change early universe generation of HFGW

We investigate the relationship between gravitons and gravitinos with a revision of SUSY assuming a massive graviton, this leads to an entrophy value for the electroweak era. Further consequences including the value of the weak fermi scale occur naturally
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] viXra:1303.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-31 01:15:24

Unified Field, Relativity and Quantum Mechanics Meet String Theory, Parallel Universes, the Mathematical Universe, and TOE

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 19 Pages.

I wrote to Professor Misner (the coauthor of the 1957 article which I'm taking another look at) over a year ago for information about his article with John Wheeler regarding Albert Einstein’s Unified Field Theory. His reply was very helpful indeed. I wrote a short piece at the time, which turned out to be just a basic outline of my present article. I’ve spent 14 months filling it with more and more detail. I still think Professor Misner was correct. I’ve tried to reconcile Einstein’s theory with modern concerns like dark matter, dark energy and the nuclear forces. The ideas I came up with are very unusual sometimes, but they were necessary to fit in with the unified theory being correct. Despite most of the world considering Einstein's unified field to be a failure, it's interesting that his work is making my heart beat a little faster more than 80 years after he started work on it. As my article shows, the unified field is based in mathematics but will prove to have remarkable consequences not just for maths, but also for the physical world. I therefore chose to write it in the form of an essay (there is mathematics, but no equations) that uses concepts like planetary motion, revised gravitation, and string theory to arrive at a theory of everything. In "A Brief History of Time" by Stephen Hawking, it was stated "If a complete unified theory was discovered, it would only be a matter of time before it was digested and simplified ... and taught in schools, at least in outline. We should then all be able to have some understanding of the laws that govern the universe and are responsible for our existence." The essay I've written might therefore be valuable in the education of a young teenager living in the second part of this century. Keywords – Unified Field Theory; Theory of Everything; gravitation; electromagnetism; nuclear weak force; nuclear strong force; graviton; photon; dark matter; dark energy; Einstein; Maxwell; Wheeler; Misner; Rainich; Penrose; binary digits; Mobius loop; Figure-8 Klein bottle; Poincare conjecture; string theory; fractal geometry; irrational numbers; transcendental numbers; pi; e; quantum mechanics; computer science; time; wave packets; cosmic wormhole; cosmic string; tides; falling bodies; Kepler; planetary motion; Bell; Rubin; matrices; time travel; Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe; hidden variables; virtual particles; Aharonov; Cramer; retrocausality; backward causality; quantum entanglement; 5th dimensional hyperspace; space-time; moon; evolution; Earth; mass increase; time dilation; General Relativity; Special Relativity
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] viXra:1303.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-25 08:28:03

Metaverse Loop String Cosmology

Authors: Richard Ruquist
Comments: 11 Pages.

Most theories of everything (TOEs) like string theory are based on physics. But there are as well TOEs based on "mathematics" being fundamental to a reality based on science. In particular, one math-TOE is based on the discrete natural numbers famously used by Godel to derive his Incompleteness Theorems. Such math computational theories (math-comp) assume that the comp-machine has an infinite computation space. Our approach proposes that string cosmology limits comp-space as measured by the Bekenstein Bound/Lloyd Limit of available bits of information in a finite holographic universe. We conjecture that the cubic lattice of Calabi-Yau (CY) compact-manifolds, which pervade the space of each universe, is an arithmetic comp-machine (due to the compact manifolds being enumerable) and furthermore, that its comp-power is limited by the effective holographic size of the universe. Moreover, we conjecture that our universe's comp-machine is insufficiently precise, because of its limited size, to compute physical particles; and for that, a collection of all universes in an effectively infinite metaphysical space called the Metaverse, is necessary. A Metaverse comp-machine in such a large space is effectively complete and consistent. We further argue that all CY computations are instantaneous from a human perspective. These conjectures make possible Mind and Body consciousnesses in a Single-World Universe and a cosmic rebirth loop based on Smolin's Fecund Cosmology with Super-Massive Black Holes (SMBHs) giving birth to Metaverses.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1303.0189 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-13 14:49:04

Why Unification of Gravity and Standard Model is Impossible?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

At the beginning of the inflation there was the liquid-like Higgs field composed of the non-gravitating tachyons. During the inflation, such superluminal Higgs field partially transformed into the Einstein spacetime that is composed of the luminal neutrino-antineutrino pairs so there is the two-component spacetime. The stable neutrinos are the lightest gravitational masses that acquire their gravitational mass because of their interactions with the non-gravitating Higgs field - it is the Higgs mechanism. All particles more massive than neutrinos are built of the confined and/or entangled neutrino-antineutrino pairs and/or neutrinos and they are the Principle-of-Equivalence relativistic particles. The gravitational fields are the gradients produced by masses in the non-gravitating superluminal Higgs field, whereas the massive Standard-Model particles are built of the luminal Einstein-spacetime components and/or neutrinos. The very different properties of the Higgs field and Einstein spacetime cause that unification of Gravity and Standard Model within the same methods is impossible. Emphasize that the unification is impossible also because time is going in different way in General Relativity and Standard Model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1303.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-21 23:04:06

Theory of Gravitation and Quantum Uncertainty

Authors: Yigao Liang
Comments: 5 Pages.

We argue that invariance under continuous 4 dimensional space-time transformations is in conflict with determinism in physics due to the existence of families of smooth structures. We speculate that quantum uncertainty emerges as a result, suggesting a new way to unify gravity and quantum mechanics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1303.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-21 13:48:12

Wave Functions for Quantized Volume of the Universe

Authors: Ovidiu Racorean
Comments: 6 Pages.

For a simple closed FRW minisuperspace model the Wheeler-DeWitt equation is arranged in the form of a dimensionless quantum harmonic oscillator like equation. Solving this equation is trivial and give equally spaced quantized levels for the volume of the universe and the set of wave functions for this bound states of the Universe. A series of philosophical implications of the above scenario, like quantum jumps, impossibility of an inflationary phase and the problem of “absence” of time for the quantum Universe are further briefly discussed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1303.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-21 02:17:27

On The Unified Field Theory

Authors: Bertrand Wong
Comments: 6 Pages.

Einstein had failed to formulate a unified field theory which will give a complete picture of the universe. The author here describes a way of viewing the universe a la the unified field theory, which may also be regarded as a theory of everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1303.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2014-02-14 05:43:34

Novel Remarks on Point Mass Sources, Firewalls, Null Singularities and Gravitational Entropy

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 21 Pages. To appear in the Russian Journal of Gravitation and Cosmology

A continuous family of static spherically symmetric solutions of Einstein's vacuum field equations with a $spatial$ singularity at the origin $ r = 0 $ is found. These solutions are parametrized by a real valued parameter $ \lambda$ (ranging from $ 0 $ to $ \infty$) and such that the radial horizon's location is $displaced$ continuously towards the singularity ($ r = 0 $) as $ \lambda $ increases. In the limit $ \lambda \rightarrow \infty$, the location of the singularity and horizon $merges$ leading to a $null$ singularity. In this extreme case, any infalling observer hits the null singularity at the very moment he/she crosses the horizon. This fact may have important consequences for the resolution of the fire wall problem and the complementarity controversy in black holes. Another salient feature of these solutions is that it leads to a modification of the Newtonian potential consistent with the effects of the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) associated to a minimal length. The field equations due to a delta-function point-mass source at $ r = 0 $ are solved and the Euclidean gravitational action corresponding to those solutions is evaluated explicitly. It is found that the Euclidean action is precisely equal to the black hole entropy (in Planck area units). This result holds in any dimensions $ D \ge 3 $. The study of the Nonperturbative Renormalization Group flow of the metric $ g_{\mu v} [ k ] $ in terms of the momentum scale $ k $ and its relationship to these family of metrics parametrized by $ \lambda$ deserves further investigation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1303.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-17 10:53:37

Differential Structures on Path Spaces.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 8 Pages.

We study general deformation structures on path spaces defined on manifolds and specialioze to those with memory. Furthermore, we highlight the construction of local operators on path space relatively compact to some position operator. The idea of this rather elementary work is to engage in the study of how perturbative string theory could be seen as a representation of a non commutative geometry. The latter is acessible to direct physical interpretation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1303.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-15 22:24:01

Csi Uft 21st Century Citizen Science Investigation Into, with Answering of Problems Associated With, Einstein’s 20th Century Unified Field Theory

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 15 Pages.

It is my belief that Charles Misner and John Wheeler were correct in 1957 when they said, in the “Annals of Physics”, that Albert Einstein’s latest equations united gravitation and electromagnetism, and demonstrated the unified field theory. In January 2012, I wrote a little article called “Misner/Wheeler correct about Einstein's Unified Field Theory being successful”. That was just a summary of this present article, sketching its basic outline and the points that needed to be filled in. I’ve spent the following 14 months developing what I believe are satisfactory answers to UFT’s problems. The first point of debate is – it has been argued that the gravitational fields, if known everywhere but only for a limited time, do not contain enough information about their electromagnetism to allow the future to be determined, so Einstein's unified theory fails. Physicists also argue that a unified "theory of everything" must now include not just gravity and electromagnetism, but also the weak and strong nuclear forces plus dark matter and dark energy. I address all these concerns in detail. But I do so in the form of an essay (there is mathematics, but no equations) that uses concepts like planetary motion, revised gravitation, and string theory to arrive at a theory of everything. The essay might be suitable for a young teenager living in the second part of this century. Why is it written this way? "If a complete unified theory was discovered, it would only be a matter of time before it was digested and simplified ... and taught in schools, at least in outline. We should then all be able to have some understanding of the laws that govern the universe and are responsible for our existence." ("A Brief History of Time" by Stephen Hawking, Introduction by Carl Sagan) So the article/essay is entirely unsuitable for any maths or science journal.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1303.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-10 15:53:43

Top 3 Unsolved Questions in Physics

Authors: Andrew Nassif
Comments: 3 Pages.

On 3/10/2013 Andrew decided to explain the believed ideas and solutions to the top three questions in physics. He included an explanation on the origins of the universe proved through creationism rather then just a dimensional parameter of naturally accoring events. Andrew also explained why Quantum Gravity helps explain the origins of the universe and why it is in harmony with both the theory of creationism and the theory of atomism. Andrew also took time to explain the potential lifetime of a proton being unstable and impossible to calculate, as well as some protons may have the ability to have different lifespans then others due to difference in amounts in typical locations of an element or existance of particles. Andrew also explained how it is likely possible to get a full calculation on the average lifetime of a proton.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1303.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-07 01:38:43

Fundamental Implications of Mbrane Cosmology to the Cosmic Microwave Background

Authors: Muteru michael
Comments: 1 Page. M THEORY

HAVING WORKED ON THE MBRANE IN MTHEORY THE UNIVERSE IS HEREIN PRESENTED AS BRANEWORLDS IN COSMOLOGY MAKING USE OF THE Cosmic microwave background as the critical limit.presenting the universe in its Purest intrisic state/s, under a single holding
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1303.0029 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-12 18:30:42

Exploring the Possibility of New Physics Part I: Quantum Mechanics and the Warping of Spacetime

Authors: Julian Williams
Comments: 93 Pages. Feedback is welcome for both Part I & Part II of these papers as they overlap

The Standard Model particles can be formed as infinite superpositions borrowing mass from a Higgs type scalar field and energy from zero point vector fields; but zero point energy densities are limited especially at cosmic wavelengths. Any causally connected region grows with time, requiring the average density of matter to decrease so that sufficient zero point energy is available. This requires space to expand exponentially with time after the big bang. For similar reasons the spacetime metric near mass concentrations changes in proportion to m/r in accordance with the Swarzschild solution to Einstein’s equations. There is a maximum wavelength graviton probability density scalar that is invariant in any coordinates and at all points in spacetime.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1303.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-05 04:31:58

If a Machian Relationship Between Gravitons and Gravitinos Exist, What Does Such a Relationship Imply as to Scale Factor, and Quinessence Evolution? Tie in with DM Production and DE

Authors: A.W. Beckwith
Comments: 12 Pages. To be presented in Rencontres De Blois : Very high energy in the Universe section

The Machs principle as unveiled in this paper is really a statement as to information conservation, with Gravitons and Gravitinos being information carriers. What we wish to know is are there measurable consequences as far as scale factor evolution, spatial distance expansion and cosmological density proportional to a quinessent variant of the cosmological ‘constant’ parameter ? We furthermore postulate a connection between the quinessent variant, and DM and its relationship to DE using Sundrum’s model of DE as an example.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1303.0005 [pdf] replaced on 2013-11-05 06:06:30

Solving the Mbrane Universe in M-Theory

Authors: Michael muteru
Comments: 12 Pages.

After intensive study of all the known Superstring theories namely, 1,2a,2b, E₈*E₈, and the SO₃₂ theories. It was discovered that all these Superstring theories are related by Dualities and so led to the eventual conclusion of one theory that was coined M –theory. The fundamental conclusion that I have deduced, is that there are basically only two string interaction modes-Open and Closed .I search for both string modes in a naturally feasible and single universal allegorical entity that displays both Geometrical and mathematical coherence, hence ultimately solving the longstanding problem in theoretical physics termed M-theory in a sense presenting a Mathematically musical universe model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory