[12] **viXra:1402.0160 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-26 12:13:57*

**Authors:** Peter Kohut

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The world looks like disintegrated into many different and independent spheres, but we feel intuitively that a great variety of existing forms should have a common basis. How can we come to the true knowledge about our existence? How does the Universe work? A great desire of man is to find a true meaning of our life and the essence of existence. Many philosophers and scientists have expressed the Unity Principle by saying “everything is connected to everything else”, but its essence has not been detected. On the base of dialectical logic, the Unity Principle is discovered which illustrate not only the exact mechanism how the physical Universe may work, but also the essence of Consciousness.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] **viXra:1402.0145 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-21 06:28:07*

**Authors:** Divyendu Priyadarshi

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

An interpretation of Wheeler-DeWitt Equation on the basis of con-
servation laws has been presented.The static universe implied by WD
equation seems quite obvious once one realizes that time is an emergent
concept rather than the fundamental one.An isolated system is always
static because its observables are bound to conservation laws.Concept of
time needs a dynamics to be defined; for a static system it loses its ex-
istence.I have argued that whole universe as a system is static due to
conservation laws and time-evolution of this system is meaningless.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1402.0120 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-02-18 13:55:38*

**Authors:** Piyush M. SInghal

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The constraints of three-dimensional measurement space are discussed. It is postulated that the new states in universe are being created and a macroscopic observer is allowed only three measurements between entropy change. The concept of parallel transport in GTR is used to explain the physical space as measured.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1402.0116 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-27 20:55:59*

**Authors:** Felix M Lev

**Comments:** 259 Pages. Major revisions: a) a paradox with the inconsistent definition of the position operator in standard theory has been reconsidered; b) we consider a possibility that the ultimate quantum theory can be based not only on finite fields but even on finite rings

We argue that the main reason of crisis in quantum theory is that nature, which is fundamentally discrete and even finite, is described by continuous mathematics. Moreover, no ultimate physical theory can be based on continuous mathematics because, as follows from G\"{o}del's incompleteness theorems, any mathematics involving the set of all natural numbers has its own foundational problems which cannot be resolved. In the first part of the work we discuss inconsistencies in standard quantum theory and reformulate the theory such that it can be naturally generalized to a formulation based on finite mathematics.
It is shown that: a) as a consequence of inconsistent definition of standard position operator, predictions of the theory contradict
the data on observations of stars; b) the cosmological acceleration and gravity can be treated simply as {\it kinematical} manifestations of de Sitter symmetry on quantum level ({\it i.e. for describing those
phenomena the notions of dark energy, space-time background and gravitational interaction are not needed}). In the second part we consider a quantum theory based on finite mathematics with a large characteristic $p$. In this approach the de Sitter gravitational constant depends on $p$ and disappears in the formal limit $p\to\infty$, i.e. gravity is a
consequence of finiteness of nature. The application to particle theory gives that: a) no neutral elementary particles can exist; b) the electric charge and the baryon and lepton quantum numbers can be only approximately conserved (i.e. the notion of a particle and its antiparticle is only approximate). We also consider a possibility that only Dirac singletons can be true elementary particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1402.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-16 13:58:03*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

I propose a simple model for quarks and leptons in order to analyze what could be the building blocks of the Standard Model of particles. I start with the least number of elementary fields and generate using the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model light masses for the subconstituent fermions. The NJL coupling constant turns out to be of the order of the gravitational coupling constant.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1402.0103 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-16 04:50:25*

**Authors:** Jose P Koshy

**Comments:** 4 Pages. The eighth paper based on Reality

In a previous paper, I have proposed that the forces of nature are manifestations of a basic force that exists as reaction to motion. In this paper, I provide theoretical proof for that proposal by deriving from it (i) The classical radius of electron (ii) The relation between magnetic and electrostatic constants, and (iii) A ‘common constant’ and a ‘common equation’ for all forces. Moreover, the ‘equality of inertial and gravitational masses’ and ‘why a unit pole does not exist’ are explained based on that proposal. Based on these, I claim that the problem of unification of forces stands resolved.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1402.0089 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-13 13:37:37*

**Authors:** John C. Hodge

**Comments:** 14 Pages. presented APS April 2014 session L1.00019

We are at a special moment in our scientific evolution that requires the big of cosmology and the small of light and of particle physics be united by a single model. The Scalar Theory of Everything model (STOE) suggests fundamental assumptions with consideration for the successful parts of current models and for the data inconsistent with current models. The STOE is simpler, corresponds to both General Relativity and quantum mechanics, and solves many current mysteries and inconsistencies. Therefore, the STOE is founded on orthodox science. Data analysis in 2011 confirmed predictions of the STOE made in 2006 that no other model suggested.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1402.0087 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-13 07:09:49*

**Authors:** Rodney Bartlett

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Mathematics books say division by zero is undefined and you should never divide by zero (the special case of 0/0 is termed "indeterminate"). According to "Einstein's Only Mistake: Division by Zero" (http://refully.blogspot.com.au/2012/05/einsteins-only-mistake-division-by-zero.html),
"When Astronomers today say they are following Einsteins theory of relatively” (Einstein’s theory of relativity), “they are actually not. Partially because Einstein said the Big Bang theory made no sense. He never in his lifetime accepted the Big Bang as the way our universe came into being or Black Holes. He always looked for another explanation. (And partly because) Einstein made a school boy error in algebra. What Einstein did was divide by zero during his calculations, a no, no, in math."
"Basic Technical Mathematics with Calculus, SI Version Ninth Edition" by Allyn J. Washington (Pearson Education, 2010) states on p.9, "If 0/0 = b, then 0 = 0 x b, which is true for any value of b. Therefore, no specific value of b can be determined." My aim is to show that Einstein was perfectly correct to divide by zero, that doing so enabled him to introduce his Hidden Variables theory into quantum mechanics, that zero is not nothing but actually something, that it redefines the term infinity, and that there really is another explanation for the Big Bang as well as black holes. By the way, we may have to rebuild all those sophisticated calculators that produce an error message when you try to divide by zero.
When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity in one sentence, Einstein said: time and space and gravitation have no separate existence from matter. I’ll try to follow his example by attempting to summarize this idea of zero-infinity relation in one sentence: infinity is the total elimination of distance in space-time, and zero is the nothing (total elimination) that is something (a “creator” of space-time).

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1402.0082 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-11 12:29:31*

**Authors:** P. R. Silva

**Comments:** 03 pages, 04 references

The density of probability associated to the random walk describing a polymer chain is took as the squared wave function of a harmonic oscillator of mass M. The insertion of this wave function in the Schroedinger equation reveals a structure of energy levels, where the quantum of energy depends on the radius of gyration of the polymer. Besides this, we compare this function with another derivate from the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. This comparison suggests that to each lattice edge having the size of the Planck’s length, in a vision of a discrete space-time, we could attach
a continuum chain of infinite length. We call this picture the fabric of space-time.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1402.0080 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-02-02 22:11:08*

**Authors:** Kimmo Rouvari

**Comments:** 37 Pages.

Preview of future book

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1402.0037 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-05 19:53:37*

**Authors:** U.V.S. Seshavatharam, S.Lakshiminarayana

**Comments:** 14 Pages. To be appeared

'Hubble volume’ can be considered as a key tool in cosmology and microscopic physics. Note that at any given cosmic time, the product of ‘cosmic critical density’ and ‘Hubble volume’ gives a characteristic 'cosmic mass' and can be called as the ‘Hubble mass’. Schwarzschild radius of the ‘Hubble mass’ again matches with the ‘Hubble length’. The authors emphasize the fact that this coincidence is having deep connection with the cosmic geometry and the cosmological and microscopic physical phenomena. At any given cosmic time, ‘Hubble length’ can be considered as the gravitational or electromagnetic interaction range. In a unified approach observed cosmic red shift can be re-interpreted as an index of cosmological galactic atomic light emission phenomenon. In a unified approach and by increasing the number of applications of Hubble mass and Hubble volume in microscopic physics, concepts of ‘Black Hole Cosmology’ can be well confirmed. Clearly speaking, compared to the Big bang model, advantage of Black hole cosmology lies in confirming its validity through the atomic and nuclear experimental results. In this model, forever rotating at light speed, high temperature and high angular velocity small sized primordial cosmic black hole of mass $\sqrt{\frac{e^2}{4 \pi \epsilon_0 G}}$ gradually transforms into a low temperature and low angular velocity large sized massive primordial cosmic black hole. At any time $\H_t$ represents the angular velocity. At its ending stage of expansion, for the whole cosmic black hole as $\H_t$ practically remains constant, its corresponding thermal energy density will be ‘the same’ throughout its volume. This ‘sameness’ may be the reason for the observed ‘isotropic’ nature of the current CMB radiation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1402.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-03 07:49:26*

**Authors:** Peter Sujak

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In this paper the basic physical principles of unification of gravity and quantum mechanics in lay terms is explained.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory