[15] **viXra:1506.0215 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-24 02:17:08*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** Pages. presented to the 2015 Barcelona Conference on Applications of Geometric Algebra. http://www-ma2.upc.edu/agacse2015/3641572286-EP/150729%20AGACSE%202015%20Early%20Proceedings.pdf

The shared background independence of spacetime algebra and the impedance approach to quantization, coupled with the natural gauge invariance of phase shifts introduced by quantum impedances, opens the possibility that identifying the geometric objects of the impedance model with those of spacetime algebra will permit a more intuitive understanding of the equivalence of gauge theory gravity in flat space with general relativity in curved space.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] **viXra:1506.0212 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-01 23:55:23*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 27 Pages. Added a simple model for gravons. Consequently the title had to be changed.

To complete the standard model I propose a phenomenological model of quantum black holes and dark matter. I assume that at the center of any black hole there is a Kerr (Schwarzschild) core object of size Planck length. The core replaces the general relativity singularity of the black hole. A simple phenomenological model is presented for the core. During very early inflation the overlapping wave functions of the cores caused rapid expansion of the universe. Gravitons condensated around the cores to form primordial black holes which evolve into dark matter in the big bang together with the standard model particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] **viXra:1506.0210 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-30 07:28:53*

**Authors:** Aleksey Vaneev

**Comments:** 3 Pages. Includes Russian text

This essay presents the so called “delta-integrator” model of gravity which is a conceptual rethinking of gravity phenomena – stages of birth and life of the gravity field. This essay summarizes author’s previously presented information on this model. The model does not offer a comprehensive set of tools for use in theoretical and applied physics. The model offers philosophy, framework and terms for discussions about gravity’s nature, and also offers several hypotheses. The author has a hope that the required set of tools, formulas and constants can be further created by the interested parties considering specifics of their corresponding fields of expertise.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] **viXra:1506.0178 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-25 04:30:18*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Theorists argue that warped spacetime prevents quantum superpositions of large-scale objects. [9]
Gravitational time dilation causes decoherence of composite quantum systems. Even if gravitons are there, it’s probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7]
The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] **viXra:1506.0160 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-22 12:16:05*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

We propose a model of microscopic black holes and dark matter to reinforce the standard model. We assume that at the center of a black hole there is a spin 1/2 neutral core field. The core is proposed to replace the singularity of the hole. During Starobinsky inflation gravitons condensate around the core to form a primordial quantum black holes which evolve naturally into abundant dark matter universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1506.0128 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-16 11:58:48*

**Authors:** P. R. Silva

**Comments:** 04 pages, 10 references

The holographic principle is extended to deal with a two dimensional universe. Applying it to a spherical shell, which radius is related to the cosmological constant, we find a characteristic time comparable to the age of the observable universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1506.0096 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-12 14:03:39*

**Authors:** Ilija Barukčić

**Comments:** 8 Pages. (C) Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany, 2015. PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics Vol.4 No.4, April 27, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jamp.2016.46106

In view of many possible approaches to quantize the gravitational field already developed, it is possible to describe the dynamics of the gravitational field by the principles of quantum mechanics while following strictly the rules of Einstein’s theory of relativity. Thus far, quantum mechanics strictly predicts that all matter is quantum while general relativity describes the gravitational effects of classical matter. Then again, one might argue that we cannot reconcile general relativity with the principles of quantum mechanics at all. As we will see, it is possible to solve the problem of the quantization of the gravitational field in accordance with Einstein’s theory of realtivity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1506.0092 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-01-23 17:46:47*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Here we show that the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) is the realistic/unique String Theory realized by Nature. The SST starts from 7 parameters only (there do not appear free parameters) and a few very simple symmetries that follow from initial parameters. We present the realistic interpretation of the different string theories, the compactification of the higher degrees of freedom, new fermion-boson supersymmetry, new SS-duality concerning shapes (a self-similar duality), the S-duality (a strong-weak duality), T-duality (duality of different spacetime geometries; duality of large and small distance scales), U-duality (unified duality; a symmetry for combined S-duality and T-duality), the origin of radions and dilatons. There appear following fundamental spacetime objects: the luminal gravitating 26-degrees-of-freedom Einstein-spacetime components, the superluminal 10-degrees-of-freedom spin-1 entanglons responsible for the quantum entanglement and the 6-degrees-of-freedom non-gravitating tachyons carrying infinitesimal imaginary spin (existence of such tachyons results from extended General Relativity; the gravitational fields consist of them). There as well appear the 58- and 122-degrees-of-freedom stable objects composed of the 26-degrees-of-freedom spacetime objects. The 11-dimensional supersymmetric M-theory and its 10-dimensional components cannot be realized by Nature (it follows from the thermodynamics of the tachyonic liquid at the beginning of the inflation). New symmetries of the initial liquid-like spacetime lead to the succeeding phase transitions of the non-gravitating Higgs field composed of tachyons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1506.0087 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-13 12:01:43*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

Physicists have searched for a theory of quantum gravity for 80 years. Though gravitons are individually too weak to detect, most physicists believe the particles roam the quantum realm in droves, and that their behavior somehow collectively gives rise to the macroscopic force of gravity, just as light is a macroscopic effect of particles called photons. But every proposed theory of how gravity particles might behave faces the same problem: upon close inspection, it doesn’t make mathematical sense. Calculations of graviton interactions might seem to work at first, but when physicists attempt to make them more exact, they yield gibberish — an answer of “infinity.” “This is the disease of quantized gravity,” Stelle said. [8]
Even if gravitons are there, it’s probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7]
The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1506.0077 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-09 23:44:48*

**Authors:** Kimmo Rouvari

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

FTEP dynamics is the underlying driver in Theory of Everything by Illusion (TOEBI). This paper includes new TOEBI force law for electron like particles. Presented law replaces the current Second Law of TOEBI and it will be merged to the existing TOEBI papers in future.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1506.0055 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-07 12:08:25*

**Authors:** Jonathan Tooker

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Losing entry in FQXi essay contest: "Trick or Truth: the Mysterious Connection Between Physics and Mathematics"

This paper uses a small set of mathematical principles to describe a very wide swath of physics. These principles define a new theory of quantum gravity called the theory of infinite complexity. The main result is that Einstein's equation for general relativity can be derived from unrelated, mathematically novel quantum phenomena. That the theory takes no free parameters should be considered strong evidence in favor of a real connection between physics and mathematics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1506.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-06 08:17:23*

**Authors:** David Brown

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Measurements of Newton’s gravitational constant G have yielded inconsistencies suggesting that variations in measurements of G are correlated with Length Of Day (LOD). In 2007 Anderson et al. published an empirical formula that accurately described the flyby anomaly for 6 flybys of Earth. There might be one or more phenomena that explain the flyby anomaly and the inconsistencies in measurements of G. A better understanding of Milgrom’s MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics) might be essential for improving measurements of ∆G/G from 2 * 10^-4 to 5 * 10^-5 — in other words, if metrologists ignore MOND they cannot improve estimates of ∆G/G by order-of-magnitude from the present measurements, because MOND implies Newtonian-Einsteinian gravitational theory is slightly wrong. String theory with the finite nature hypothesis might explain problems with measurements of G.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1506.0045 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-05 23:03:54*

**Authors:** Zhiqiang Zhang

**Comments:** 29 Pages. in English

In this paper, at first seven primary questions about universal gravitation are put forward as follows:
Question No.1 Does universal gravitation pass on via gravitational energies? If it does, then what’s the formula to describe spreading of gravitational energies?
Question No.2 How do gravitational energies give rise to gravitation?
Question No.3 Given universal gravitation passes on through gravitational energies, then what is medium for spreading of gravitational energies?
Question No.4 Do gravitational energies possess quantized nature？If they have, then what is quanta of gravitational energies?
Question No.5 Given gravitational energies spread in form of waves, then do wave lengths of gravitational energies distribute themselves within an certain wave band? or just have an common wave length? If only having an common wave length, then how long is it?
Question No.6 Why is universal gravitation attractive instead of repulsive?
Question No.7 Why couldn’t all of matters shield off universal gravitation?
and then, answers to them are made respectively one by one based on TCST.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1506.0011 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-02 08:19:52*

**Authors:** A.W. Beckwith

**Comments:** 8 Pages. Will try to make it an entry into a conference

We initially look at a non singular universe representation of entropy, based in part on what was brought up by Muller and Lousto This is a gateway to bringing up information and computational steps ( as defined by Seth Lloyd) as to what would be available initially due to a modified ZPE formalism. The ZPE formalism is modified as due to Matt Visser’s alternation of k (maximum) ~ 1/(Planck length), with a specific initial density giving rise to initial information content which may permit fixing the initial Planck’s constant, h, which is pivotal to the setting of physical law. The settings of these parameters depend upon NLED.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1506.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-01 07:04:35*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Quantizing gravity is an important goal of contemporary physics, but after decades of effort it’s proven to be an extremely tough nut to crack. So it’s worth considering a very slight shift of emphasis. What if the right strategy is not “finding the right theory of gravity and quantizing it,” but “finding a quantum theory out of which gravity emerges”? [8]
While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory