[10] **viXra:1704.0402 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-30 07:04:12*

**Authors:** Terubumi Honjo

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The gravity that the photon group of the sun's light carries changes orbit of the space probe.
According to the particle pulsation principle model,
The photon of the wave process acts the electromagnetic power,
The photon of the negative particle process forces gravity.
The probe is being pulled by the gravity of the photon group of the solar Light which illuminates the space probe pioneer and is changing orbit.
This is considered to be a verification experiment for the unification of nuclear, gravity and electromagnetic forces led by the principle of particle pulsation.
"Anomalous events of the space probe pioneer"
"Fundamental particle pulsation (dark energy pulsation model) solves the mystery"
In quantum electromagnetic power, electromagnetic energy is understood as the exchange effect of photons.
According to the pulsating hypothesis, photons transmit electromagnetic power, and the spatial distortion (empty late space) by the photon of the negative stroke is gravity quantum, conveying gravity.
It is thought that the solar light (photon group) which reaches the space probe pioneer is operating gravity in the direction of the sun.
It can be understood that the gravity of the sun is zurase 12,800 kilometers from the scheduled orbit during one year.
The light of the Sun (Photon Group) is pulling in the direction of the sun by operating the gravity of the sun on the space probe.
Excerpts below.
A mystery of thirteen that still cannot be solved by science... by Nick Harvard.
・・・・・・・・・・・
"Anomalous events of the space probe pioneer"
The pioneer of the space probe advances the trajectory which does not fit the calculation. Pioneer 10, No. 11, is seen as being pulled in the direction of the sun. Both are shifted by 12,800 kilometers each year from the planned orbit. The two probes will sail for 150 million kilometers a year. The force that is causing the displacement of the orbit is only about one-hundredth of the size of the Earth's gravitation. Even so, it came to suggest the possibility that there was a mistake in the law of the universal gravitation, and there might be an error in the application to the orbit calculation. After that, we have explored and verified all the causes, but we have not yet been able to solve them even after 30 years. It is similar to the situation where the coming point movement problem of mercury was not solved by general relativity until the solution to which the object with a huge mass like the sun bends the surrounding space was presented.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1704.0347 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-01-12 07:03:57*

**Authors:** James Bonnar

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The de Broglie wavelength of an object is inversely proportional to the object's mass and relative velocity multiplied by Planck's constant. A composite object, such as an atom composed of a proton and electron, possesses a total mass and therefore a composite de Broglie wavelength. Mass is simply additive, although the relation for combining de Broglie wavelengths does not seem to have been stated anywhere in the literature. In this paper, we derive the relation for combining the de Broglie wavelengths of an object's component parts into the composite de Broglie wavelength of the object as a whole. In so doing, we discover an interesting fact concerning de Broglie waves -- that they do not undergo ordinary wave interference. In general, when we combine two waves to form a composite wave, the composite wave is the algebraic sum of the two original waves, point by point in space (Superposition Principle). The wavelength of the resultant wave is ordinarily that of the shorter wavelength wave, measured from adjacent crest to trough. De Broglie waves behave differently, the wavelength of the resultant de Broglie wave being the reciprocal of the sum of the inverses of the component wavelengths, multiplied by a factor to correct for relative velocity. De Broglie wave interference is shown to have a geometric analogue in the form of the Crossed Ladders Theorem. The macroscopic conservation of mass is partly accounted for, in particular its additivity, by interpreting the reciprocal sum formula for the resultant wavelength as the truest value.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1704.0213 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-16 16:11:58*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian Dragoi

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

This paper proposes a cyclic toy model of the universe predesigned for life, based on preonic quantized 1-branes (strings), quantized 2-branes (supermembranes/2D surfaces) and the holographic principle. This toy model is based on a few simple hypothesis/assumptions, including the existence of a universal brane quanta (conceived as a basic quantum clock) for any n-brane and a unified primordial field (UPF) defined as equivalent to a very strong 2D gravitational field acting on hypothetical quark/leptonic/bosonic 2-branes.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1704.0169 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-06-26 11:37:20*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

A new approach to understanding the fundamental particles and associated forces via a new a-priori definition for space and time is forwarded, and is then linked to contemporary equations for Gravity and Electromagnetism; space as an infinitesimal universal “0”-scalar manifold, and “time” as the “feature” that divides and “qualifies” each 0-scalar spatial reference is discussed. Further, the idea of gravity as an emergent quality of electromagnetism (which here is given the spectra of “time” itself) is examined by assuming 3-dimensional space as the “fine-structure 0-scalar manifold” while considering "time" as the “symmetry-breaking” principle of entropy “effecting” space. Consequently, the fundamental idea of an "equation" from one event in time to the next is rendered unreliable owing to the nature of the movement of time and its effect on space (as a process of “symmetry-breaking”), which then opens to a new mathematical method of applying the concept of time as the “Golden Ratio” equation to spatial transformations. By this process a link between gravity and electromagnetism is established, together with an explanation for the genesis of the four field forces via explaining atomic particle congress, ultimately as the development of electron shell modelling precisely to the Rydberg formula and associated ideas of quantum entanglement, finally explaining the idea of “inflation theory” as a feature of the golden ratio equation for time.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1704.0167 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-12 13:32:01*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Researchers in the US say they've created a fluid with negative mass in the lab... which is exactly as mind-bending as it sounds. What it means is that, unlike pretty much every other known physical object, when you push this fluid, it accelerates backwards instead of moving forwards. Such an oddity could tell scientists about some of the strange behaviour that happens within black holes and neutron stars. [5] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the gravitational force is basically a magnetic force the matter-antimatter gravitational repulsion makes sense.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1704.0100 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-09-20 10:13:40*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron, Michaele Suisse

**Comments:** Pages.

With recent detection of gravitational waves, the possibility exists that orientation-dependent detector responses might permit distinguishing between general relativity and gauge theory gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1704.0099 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-07-02 13:52:47*

**Authors:** Andrey N. Smirnov

**Comments:** 40 Pages.

A radical deterministic non-gauge theory of emergent spacetime and matter is proposed. In this theory it is assumed that spacetime and matter are the emergent properties of a more fundamental entity. It is shown what properties such a fundamental entity should possess. An approach is proposed to find emergent spacetime and matter with observable properties in such an entity. It is shown how the nondeterministic laws of quantum mechanics with gauge fields appear in the deterministic model of a more fundamental entity. The proposed theory of emergent spacetime and matter (further ESTM theory), as shown in this article, is compatible with special and general theories of relativity, as well as with quantum mechanics and cosmology. Quantum mechanics was reformulated into backgroundindependent one. The derivation of Schrödinger equation for quantum mechanics is given. It is shown how the Heisenberg uncertainty principle appears from the determinism of a more fundamental entity. Changes in the locality principle are proposed. Equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass is substantiated. The corrections to equations of the general theory of relativity, as well as the change in the conceptual model of gravitation, are proposed. The ESTM theory predicts the absence of a quantum of gravity. The ESTM theory unites all the fundamental forces, including gravity. All fundamental forces are derived from one field.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1704.0094 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-07 20:18:06*

**Authors:** U.V.S. Seshavatharam, S.Lakshiminarayana

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In this paper, we show one theoretical possibility for cosmic rotation. We would like to appeal that: 1) A globally rotating universe is consistent with general relativity and quantum gravity. 2) As currently believed dark energy is having no observational evidence, it is better to search for cosmic rotational effects. In this context, one can see the main stream journal articles on cosmic axis of rotation and observational effects of cosmic rotation. Based on Mach's principle and quantum gravity, we imagine our universe as the best quantum gravity sphere and assume that, at any stage of cosmic evolution: 1) Planck scale Hubble parameter plays a crucial role. 2) Space-time curvature follows, ${GM_t}\cong{R_tc^2}$ where $M_t$ and $R_t$ represent the ordinary cosmic mass and radius respectively. 3) Cosmic thermal wavelength is inversely proportional to the ordinary matter density. 4) Magnitude of angular velocity is equal to the magnitude of Hubble parameter. Based on these assumptions, at $H_0\cong 70 \textrm{\,km/sec/Mpc\,},$ estimated current matter density is 0.04341$\left(\frac{3H_0^2}{8 \pi G}\right)$ and corresponding radius is 29 Gpc. Current cosmic rotational kinetic energy density is 0.667$\left(\frac{3H_0^2c^2}{8 \pi G}\right)$. We would like to emphasize that: 1) Currently believed mysterious dark energy can be identified with current cosmic rotational kinetic energy. 2) Currently believed `inflation' concept can be relinquished. With advanced science, engineering and technology and by considering the most recent observations on `cosmic axis of evil' and `axial alignment' of distance astronomical bodies, a unified model of quantum cosmology can be developed.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1704.0055 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-04-07 06:07:37*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

The cosmological constant problem is a serious problem in particle physics and cosmology so a solution to this problem should lead to new physics. The value of cosmological constant is about 120 orders of magnitude too low than it should be. Here we showed that today the vacuum energy is about 119 orders of magnitude lower than it should be (in the Planck units or as a dimensionless quantity) because the superluminal pure inertial energy (it means that the gravitational energy is equal to zero) is frozen inside the stable-neutrinos/gravitational-charges and is about 119 orders of magnitude higher than the indirectly observed gravitational energy. We showed here that geometric mean of the Planck mass of neutrinos and the very low particle mass of neutrinos leads to the CMB/cosmological mass of neutrinos observed in experiments. The vice versa should be correct as well so the Planck mass and the sum of the experimental CMB/cosmological masses of different neutrinos lead to the very low particle mass of neutrinos so it leads to new physics as well. The Planck mass of neutrinos, which is associated with maximum rotation of their spin, solves the hierarchy problem as well. Quasars (a torus with a central condensate), which are the objects with high gravitational-mass density, can be the big cousins of the gravitational charge but of the weak and electromagnetic charges also. In the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), such a structure is characteristic for bare fermions – such a structure radically simplifies theories in particle physics and cosmology. The similarity of different scales leads to new physics also. There are two stable vacua (Higgs field and Einstein spacetime) so the physical constants are invariant. Pure energies, i.e. without inertial mass or inertial and gravitational masses, are not in existence.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1704.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-05 03:32:26*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In an analysis motivated by the AdS/CFT correspondence, the radii of nearby stars, including the sun, are shown to be correlated with values of mass equal to those of stable atomic nuclei.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory