Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1706 Submissions

[13] viXra:1706.0549 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-29 12:58:28

The Universal Unit of Time, the Age of the Universe and the Exact Calculation of the Gravitational Constant G

Authors: Patrick Tonin
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is hypothesised that the Universe is not only expanding in space, but also in time (i.e. time slows down as the Universe ages). A new universal unit of time, acting as a scaling factor for the Universe, is proposed. An equation to calculate the age of the Universe and an equation to calculate the exact value of the gravitational constant G from the other fundamental constants are introduced. This hypothesis opens the way to the development of a new cosmological model and the unification of quantum mechanics with general relativity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1706.0488 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-27 07:52:04

Golden Ratio Axioms for Time and Space

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 23 Pages.

This sequel to “Gravity’s Emergence from Electrodynamics” will more closely examine the process of time as the Golden Ratio equation when applied to space, more than developing electrodynamic wavefunction equations, but setting an axiomatic base for the Golden Ratio as time when applied to space. Through this process we shall derive π, the fine structure constant, and the speed of light, while also confirming through these independent equations the idea of the Uncertainty Principle and Quantum Entanglement. More specifically, three fundamental things to be demonstrated here using the Golden Ratio algorithm of time will be deriving the dipole of magnetism, the electrical monopole field, and their relation to the Golden Ratio in creating the basis for the Fine Structure Constant, charge of the electron, the speed of light, and the subatomic multi-traits of the elementary particles. In confirming the need to explain the reason for the upgraded axioms for time and space, a general criticism of contemporary physics’ current use of space and time and its limitation given the entirely hypothetical nature of the resultant cosmic modelling theory regarding a multiverse and its endless possibilities is presented. The solution to this problem is explained using a more solid definition for time as the Golden Ratio, more thoroughly presented here in the context of the initial paper “Gravity’s Emergence from Electrodynamics” [1]; the first paper was a general overview of the new a-priori for time, while this second paper examines all the generalisations and assumptions presented in the first paper, reaching ultimate theoretical axioms for time in the context of space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1706.0482 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-12 00:02:48

Gravitational Constant of Cubic Lattice Universe

Authors: Tufail Abbas
Comments: 8 Pages.

Starting with the basic assumptions that all physical parameters are properties of a background Cubic Lattice Frame as introduced in paper , “Cubic Lattice Structure of the Universe” this paper discusses the implication of C4 Cubit (or Mass Cubits) on Gravitation Constant. After discussing related concepts of Cubic Lattice Universe, Value of G have been derived as G = H0cRu^2/Mu = 6.674078 x10-11 m3 kg-1 s-1 and G=H0(3/2πcco)(h^2/mo^3) = 6.699946 x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-1, later being not a precise values but very close to accepted value of G which is 6.67408 x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-1. Motivated by this result, the derivation is followed by a subjective narration describing Gravitation as a local anisotropic reactionary force caused due to Hubble Expansion itself. Contrary to current understanding about Hubble Expansion being caused by so called Dark Energy, it is proposed that expansion of Universe is caused by locally anisotropic emission of space by fundamental mass ( i.e.say electron) which travels through the Cubic Lattice to interact and cause isotropic expansion of the Universe, of which Gravitation is a local anisotropic effect
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1706.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-22 06:27:34

Modified Dynamics Due to Forehead Collisions of Bodies with Gravitons: Numerical Modeling

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov, Adelya S. Narkevich, Polina S. Shenets
Comments: 6 Pages.

The numerical modeling of a non-relativistic modification of dynamics due to forehead collisions of bodies with gravitons in the model of low-energy quantum gravity is performed. We have found too big instability of trajectories in the central field by the anomalous deceleration $w \simeq - H_{0}c$. Perhaps, the most probable source of that may be backhead collisions of bodies with gravitons, not taken into account in this model up to now.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1706.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-19 19:53:32

Quantum Relativity

Authors: Andrew Cox
Comments: 10 Pages.

Quantum Relativity logically extends Einstein's General Theory of Relativity by incorporating quantum mechanics. It is effectively the “Theory of Everything,” which solves quantum gravity, black hole mechanics, dark matter, dark energy, and the Big Bang -- by showing that the fourth spatial dimension (hyperspace) operates as one stand-alone spatial dimension with no dimension for time.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1706.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-17 10:37:06

Black Holes Are Ferent Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 66 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Ferent matter is matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent Graviton momentum > Photon momentum “Because the electromagnetic waves, the photons, can not escape from a black hole, this means the gravitons momentum emitted by the black hole is higher than the momentum of the photons” Adrian Ferent The gravitational force exerted by a black hole on a planet is much higher than the gravitational force exerted by a planet on a black hole. Newton’s third law is wrong: The energy of the gravitons emitted by a black hole, the frequency of the gravitons emitted by a black hole ν > 4.176 ×10^71 Hz, is much higher than the energy of the gravitons emitted by a planet, than the frequency of the gravitons emitted by a planet ν < 4.176×10^56 Hz. “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1706.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-15 17:15:55

Algo Mas Acerca DE la Gravedad

Authors: Norberto Meyer Roberto Morales

Writing “G” with the help of “m1”, we find that gravity is function of the negative setting energy of a mass. With the hydrogen atom we found that he negative rest-energy can be the (negative) binding energy of a mass
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1706.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 07:17:05

Einstein Equivalence Principle for Quantum Superpositions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Mathematician and physicist Albert Einstein described the principle last century and it became known as 'Einstein's equivalence principle' for atoms whose mass is in a quantum superposition state. [12] Physicists have performed a test designed to investigate the effects of the expansion of the universe—hoping to answer questions such as "does the expansion of the universe affect laboratory experiments?", "might this expansion change the lengths of solid objects and the time measured by atomic clocks differently, in violation of Einstein's equivalence principle?", and "does spacetime have a foam-like structure that slightly changes the speed of photons over time?", an idea that could shed light on the connection between general relativity and quantum gravity. [11] Einstein's equivalence principle states that an object in gravitational free fall is physically equivalent to an object that is accelerating with the same amount of force in the absence of gravity. This principle lies at the heart of general relativity and has been experimentally tested many times. Now in a new paper, scientists have experimentally demonstrated a conceptually new way to test the equivalence principle that could detect the effects of a relatively new concept called spin-gravity coupling. [10] A recent peer-reviewed paper by physicist James Franson from the University of Maryland in the US has initiated a stir among physics community. Issued in the New Journal of Physics, the paper points to evidence proposing that the speed of light as defined by the theory of general relativity, is slower than originally thought. [9] Gravitational time dilation causes decoherence of composite quantum systems. Even if gravitons are there, it's probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1706.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 04:17:02

Super Distance Communication with Quantum Entanglement

Authors: Yuan Kai
Comments: 9 pages. Both English and chinese version encluded.

Super distance communication with quantum packet selection and grouping plus interval correction. The first step is to group the light quantum, 2 pairs of entangled quantum constitute a group,so the group include 4 light quantum. The second step will be compiled for each of the 3 groups of quantum,we call the 3 groups as a round. By observe a round(6 light quantems) we determine valid round and invalid round.By valid round and interval we could send or receive message.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1706.0139 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-04 08:31:52

Process Linked to Gravity Affecting Mass-Energy

Authors: Santiago Lopez Ugarte
Comments: 47 Pages.

The proposal assumes that the distortion of space-time due to relative velocity (Special Relativity), and the distortion of space-time produced by gravitational fields (General Relativity) are linked to changes of state that affect to mass-energy. The hypothesis proposes the existence of a process linked to gravity, this phenomenon would affect mass-energy. It would be required to add an additional condition (being a more restrictive scenario) keeping the field equations that define space-time curvature, but by adding the condition linked to the proposed phenomenon, the trajectory that would follow mass-energy in that curved space-time, changes with respect to the established by the officially accepted model. The effect is negligible if the distortion of space-time caused by a gravitational field does not have a significant value. The hypothesis proposed allows to calculate mathematically the discrepancy that would exist with respect to the current model. In case of being correct, the proposal would have important implications in diverse areas of science and its effect would be determinant in the study of black holes or questions related to Cosmology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1706.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-07 13:19:22

How to Determine Initial Starting Time Step with an Initial Hubble Parameter H = 0 After Formation of Causal Structure Leading to Investigation of the Penrose Weyl Tensor Conjecture

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 24 Pages. Accepted for JHEPGC, by Christian Corda(this version) plus its rendition in a September Meeting in Kiev,

Detailed supposition setting up for a future Weyl Tensor vetting of the Penrose supposition of its vanishing in the site of a singularity. Paper lays out precursors to a detailed future calculation, on this, in four dimensions, and lays open what may be investigated in higher dimensions, as a window into early universe gravitational wave production.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1706.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-05 10:08:54

(Version 3.2 13 Pages 5.06.2017) on a Plausible Triple Electro-Gravito-Informational Significance of the Fine Structure Constant and Its Implications in the Four Fields Unification and the Existence of Life Forms in Our Universe

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In the last century, a small minority of physicists considered a hypothetical binary logarithmic connection between the large and the small constants of physics, which also implies a base-2 power law (Fürth, 1929; Eddington, 1938; Teller, 1948; Salam, 1970; Bastin, 1971; Sirag, 1980, 1983; Sanchez, Kotov and Bizouard, 2009, 2011, 2012; Kritov, 2013). This paper brings to attention a plausible triple electro-gravito-informational significance of the fine structure constant, with its implications in the four fields unification and the existence of life forms in our universe: this triple significance is based on the existence of a unifying global scaling factor of nature which appears in a hypothetical fine tuning of all the non-zero rest masses of the all the elementary particles in the Standard Model. Furthermore, this paper also proposes dimensional relativity hypothesis (DRH) stating that the 3D appearance of space (or the 4D nature of spacetime) may be actually explained by the relative magnitude of the photon momentum quanta (and the hypothetical graviton momentum quanta respectively) and this global scaling factor (GSF): DRH also includes a generalized electrograviton model (EGM) for any hypothetical graviton. This paper also proposes a set of strong (and very strong) gravity constants and a gravitational field varying with the energy (and length) scale, all with potential importance in the unification of the four fundamental fields. Keywords: fine structure constant with triple electro-gravito-informational significance; unifying global scaling factor of nature; the four fields unification; the Standard Model of particle physics; dimensional relativity hypothesis; electrograviton model; life forms
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1706.0026 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-04 00:36:15

Illustration of the Emergence of Fundamental Forces

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here, within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we illustrate and describe briefly the emergence of fundamental forces.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory