Quantum Physics

1004 Submissions

[9] viXra:1004.0121 [pdf] submitted on 25 Apr 2010

Equivalence of Maxwell's Source-Free Equations to the Time-Dependent Schrödinger Equation for a Solitary Particle with Two Polarizations and Hamiltonian |cp|

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 17 pages, Also archived as arXiv:1004.1820 [physics.gen-ph].

It was pointed out in a previous paper that although neither the Klein-Gordon equation nor the Dirac Hamiltonian produces sound solitary free-particle relativistic quantum mechanics, the natural square-root relativistic Hamiltonian for a nonzero-mass free particle does achieve this. Failures of the Klein-Gordon and Dirac theories are reviewed: the solitary Dirac free particle has, inter alia, an invariant speed well in excess of c and staggering spontaneous Compton acceleration, but no pathologies whatsoever arise from the square-root relativistic Hamiltonian. Dirac's key misapprehension of the underlying four-vector character of the time-dependent, configuration-representation Schrödinger equation for a solitary particle is laid bare, as is the invalidity of the standard "proof" that the nonrelativistic limit of the Dirac equation is the Pauli equation. Lorentz boosts from the particle rest frame point uniquely to the square-root Hamiltonian, but these don't exist for a massless particle. Instead, Maxwell's equations are dissected in spatial Fourier transform to separate nondynamical longitudinal from dynamical transverse field degrees of freedom. Upon their decoupling in the absence of sources, the transverse field components are seen to obey two identical time-dependent Schrödinger equations (owing to two linear polarizations), which have the massless freeparticle diagonalized square-root Hamiltonian. Those fields are readily modfied to conform to the attributes of solitary-photon wave functions. The wave functions' relations to the potentials in radiation gauge are also worked out. The exercise is then repeated without the considerable benefit of the spatial Fourier transform.
Category: Quantum Physics

[8] viXra:1004.0120 [pdf] submitted on 24 Apr 2010

Condensed Light - A Reinterpration of Quantum Mechanics and Relativity

Authors: Niels Vandamme
Comments: 7 pages

This paper propounds several hypotheses which offer an alternate explanation to some of the real or purported effects encountered in quantum mechanics and relativity, giving a mechanical explanation for the absolute speed of light, the conversion of matter to energy, and the observed superluminal expansion of the universe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[7] viXra:1004.0089 [pdf] replaced on 12 May 2010

Quantizing Time and Space - From the Standing Wave to the Primary Gas Structure of a Particle - V

Authors: V.A.Induchoodan Menon
Comments: 21 pages

The author introduces the concept of a primary gas which is an abstract gas where the microstates are occupied successively in time unlike in the case of a real gas where the microstates are occupied simultaneously. He shows that a single plane wave associated with a standing wave formed by the confinement of a luminal wave could be treated as the microstate of the primary gas that represents a particle. This approach makes it possible to understand the dynamics of a particle in terms of the thermodynamics of the primary gas. In this approach, time and space turn out to be the intrinsic properties of the primary gas that represents a particle and the quantized nature of time and space emerges from it in a natural manner. It is shown that the action (with a negative sign) of a particle could be identified with the entropy of the primary gas and the principle of least action is nothing but the second law of thermodynamics. The author shows that the uncertainty relation of quantum mechanics can be derived directly from the equation for fluctuations and he explains the statistical basis of the virtual interactions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[6] viXra:1004.0078 [pdf] submitted on 12 Apr 2010

The "Measurement Problem" in Quantum Physics Can be Partly Resolved with Analysis of Relatedness Between Space-Time, Physical Time and Psychological Time

Authors: Amrit S. Sorli
Comments: 5 pages

Clocks are systems for measuring frequency, velocity, duration and numerical order t0,t1,t2,...,tn of physical events. Time t obtained with clocks is not a forth dimension X4 of space, time t is only a component of X4 = i * c * t. This view of clock/time as a measuring system sees physical phenomena running exclusively in space and not in time. This view is supported with several experiments which confirm that time t of physical event can be zero. Time is not part of space; time is run of clocks in space. Past, present and future exist as a psychological time in the mind only not in the universe. We experience motion i.e. change in the space through the frame of psychological time. We "project" linear psychological time "past-present-future" into the space, however it is not there. Observer who distinguishes between space-time, physical time and psychological time is aware that in quantum measurement he only measures physical events in space and not in time. Clock/time is merely a measuring device. With this understanding observer's observation, measurement and experience of quantum phenomena are closer to their real nature. Stream of numerical order of quantum phenomena t0,t1,t2,...,tn runs in space only and not in time. Stream of quantum phenomena has no duration on its own. Duration is result of measurement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:1004.0073 [pdf] submitted on 10 Apr 2010

The Wave Structure of the Electric Field

Authors: Michael Harney
Comments: 5 pages

Maxwell's equations describe the interactions of the electromagnetic field at a macroscopic level. In the 1920s, Louis DeBroglie demonstrated that every moving particle (including an electron) has a wave nature, and we know from Einstein that every wave has a particle nature, which we call the photon. Later in the 1930s, Paul Dirac's development of the famous Dirac equation showed the quantum nature of the electron at relativistic speeds. Then in 1948 Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger extended these concepts in the development of quantum electrodynamics which gives a full accounting (although a very strange one) of how an electron can borrow energy from the vacuum of space and return it legally as long it does so within limits of the uncertainty principle.
Category: Quantum Physics

[4] viXra:1004.0072 [pdf] submitted on 10 Apr 2010

Application of Wheeler-Feynman Absorber Theory to Laser Power Output

Authors: Michael Harney, Michael Weber, Milo Wolff
Comments: 2 pages

The method described is designed to increase laser output power using a concept from Wheeler-Feynman absorber theory [1,2] and the work of Tetrode [3], where photons are modeled as sources of energy that must also have a sink (an electron) to be absorbed. According to Wheeler-Feynman and Tetrode, if an electron is not present to absorb the photon, then the photon can never be emitted. In Wheeler-Feynman absorber theory, advanced and retarded potentials resemble time-reversal equations because there must be communication faster than light between the source-photon and the sink-electron, reasoned Feynman, so that the source photon's atom would know whether to emit a photon. This enigma was resolved by Milo Wolff in his work "Exploring the Physics of the Unknown Universe" [4], where he describes the use of spherical scalar in-waves and out-waves that travel at c and whose local speed is based on local-mass density. The in-out waves form electrons and also allows communication between them.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3] viXra:1004.0046 [pdf] submitted on 6 Apr 2010

Looking For Roots In All The Wrong Places: A Comment on ArXiv:1003.5008

Authors: Ron Bourgoin
Comments: 4 pages

The authors of ArXiv:1003.5008 tell us they are searching for the foundations of quantum mechanics, a theory they say was born early in the twentieth century. As a matter of fact, the theory was born in the eighteenth century.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:1004.0036 [pdf] submitted on 5 Apr 2010

Higgs Field and the Creation of Mass - Standing Wave Structure of the Electron-IV

Authors: V.A.Induchoodan Menon
Comments: 12 pages

The author develops his idea of the standing electromagnetic half wave structure of the electron and proposes that the confinement of the wave is effected by the interactions with the Higgs field which can be explained on the basis of the uncertainty principle. These interactions allow vacuum to act like a thermal bath with the standing half wave in equilibrium with it. It is shown that this equilibrium is not destroyed even when it is in uniform translational motion. This invariance of the equilibrium to the velocity transformation is another way of looking at the theory of relativity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1] viXra:1004.0035 [pdf] replaced on 8 Aug 2010

The Moebius Strip: a Biology of Elementary Particles

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: v3 169 pages In Italian, v4 164 pages in English.

A book of semi qualitative ideas on electron, quarks and life. We intend to make us a purely electromagnetic image of all interactions and elementary particles, in particular electron, and quarks. This would force even the idea of a single universal vibration, a single field. The electron is interpreted as a small electric current carrying the elementary charge, elementary mass and Planck quantum of action. With the aid of a few math we identify the electron as an electromagnetic half wave closed on a Moebius strip. This is equivalent to a full wavelength making two turns on the border. It is also probably not totally irrelevant to note that this leads to interesting numerics on the fine structure constant. We identify a quark with a confined electromagnetic wave which is not sufficient in itself to complete a closed loop in space. So quarks are pictured as 1/3 and 2/3 of a full wavelength. A space model of their combination leads in a unique way to the entire set of all and only the mesons and baryons. In a quite spontaneous way also the color theory is interpreted. Finally the various helices of quarks are interpreted as living organisms and similarities with a biological behaviour are showed. Arguments here are of course admittedly primitive and mainly qualitative, also if supported with some math, but to my knowledge this overall conjecture has not been discussed elsewhere, and therefore may be useful for further research.
Category: Quantum Physics