[12] **viXra:1211.0167 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-11-30 19:09:20*

**Authors:** Lamont Williams

**Comments:** 7 pages

Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments this year have shown the existence of a new boson that resembles the Higgs boson. Although it is known that this particle has couplings to other particles that increase with their masses, the spin of the newly discovered boson is undetermined as of yet. The Higgs boson has been predicted to be a spin 0 particle. The LHC boson is not a spin 1 particle, suggesting that it is likely spin 0 or spin 2. Using concepts from Temporal Energy Theory, this paper proposes that the LHC’s Higgs-like boson will likely be found to be a non-elementary spin 2 particle with positive parity, suggests what the particle is, and describes how this information relates to the predicted Higgs boson of the Standard Model and the generation of mass in objects.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[11] **viXra:1211.0158 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-28 22:15:30*

**Authors:** Joel M Williams

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

While the periodic table arrangement is usefully interpreted in columns of similar behavior, it is erroneous to imply that the underlying orbitals are the same for all the elements in each column of a block. It is important to understand that much of the sub-orbital information has been excluded! From the standpoint of chemistry, the “rule of eight” would have provided better imagery on which to build an orbital system than was Bohr’s orb-turned-sphere. A sphere is useless from a chemical standpoint. Hybridization should not have to occur to explain the simplest of molecules. Simplicity would have the electrons occupying orbital spaces that are similar in shape. Only three orbital types are actually needed to describe the electron packing configurations of the elements. Octahedral, square-planar, and pyramidal coordination complexes of the transition elements follow logically without the need of hybridizing. This brief paper describes a rational packing of electrons around an atomic nucleus that ends up mimicking the familiar extended periodic table when compressed to similar behavior.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[10] **viXra:1211.0152 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-27 05:34:11*

**Authors:** José Francisco García Juliá

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The wave-particle duality is related with the decreasing of the wavelength. It explains why an atomic electron does not radiate (Bohr atom). But there are discrepancies with the Pauli exclusion principle and the Fermi-Dirac statistics. The spin-orbit coupling resolves these discrepancies producing the fine structure splitting of the atom energy levels.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[9] **viXra:1211.0149 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-26 11:25:36*

**Authors:** Philip Maulion

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

My assumption is that the 'Presence' of the 'Sujet pensant' is inevitable, so he is not naked in its own contribution when he highlights the laws of Nature. We must take account of the proper time of the subject (TpS). Then, my assumption is that by revisiting a number of concepts or even intangible results of fundamental physics, it is possible to highlight the occurences that are in agreement vith the hypothesis of TpS. I propose two experiments which could today be implemented in order to confirm or deny this hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[8] **viXra:1211.0126 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-21 10:45:49*

**Authors:** V.A.I.Menon, M.Rajendran, V.P.N.Nampoori

**Comments:** 8 Pages. The contents of the paper were presented at the 27th Annual IAPT Convention and Seminar on "Recent Trends in Photonics" held during 2-4 November, 2012 at the International School of Photonics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India

The authors after showing that the confined helical wave structure of electron is a viable one
proposes that its confinement is effected by the interactions with a virtual shadow antiparticle created by the vacuum fluctuations that could be explained on the basis of the uncertainty principle. It is suggested that the two negative energy solutions of the Dirac equation pertains to this shadow particle. These interactions allow vacuum to act like a thermal bath with the confined helical wave attaining a state of equilibrium. It is shown that this equilibrium is not destroyed even when it is in uniform translational motion. This invariance of the equilibrium to the velocity transformation is another way of looking at the theory of relativity. He suggests that other particles may be formed by the confinement of corresponding composite waves which have oscillations in the appropriate fields. This would allow us to generalize the approach based on the confined helical wave to cover all particles

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:1211.0120 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-07-22 08:13:15*

**Authors:** J.A.J. Van Leunen

**Comments:** 153 Pages.

The objects that occur in nature can be categorized in several levels. In this collection every level except the first level is built from lower level objects. This collection represents a simple model of nature. The model exploits the possibilities that mathematical concepts provide. Also typical physical ingredients will be used.
The paper splits the hierarchy of objects in a logic model and a geometric model. These two hierarchies partly overlap.
The underlying Hilbert Book Model is a simple self-consistent model of physics that is strictly based on quantum logic. This paper refines quantum logic to Hilbert logic such that it more directly resembles its lattice isomorphic companion, which is a separable Hilbert space. The HBM extends these static sub-models into a dynamic model that consists of an ordered sequence of the static sub-models.
The paper is founded on three starting points: • A sub-model in the form of traditional quantum logic that represents a static status quo. • A correlation vehicle that establishes cohesion between subsequent members of a sequence of such sub-models. • The cosmological principle.
Further it uses a small set of hypotheses. It turns out that the cosmological principle is already a corollary of the first two points.
The paper explains or indicates the explanation of all features of fundamental physics that are encountered in the discussed hierarchy which ranges from propositions about physical objects until composites of elementary particles. Amongst them are the cosmological principle, the existence of quantum physics, the existence of a maximum speed of information transfer, the existence of physical fields, the origin of curvature, the origin of inertia, the dynamics of gravity, the existence of elementary particles, the existence of generations of elementary particles and the existence of the Pauli principle.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[6] **viXra:1211.0117 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-20 01:16:08*

**Authors:** V.A.I.Menon, M.Rajendran, V.P.N.Nampoori

**Comments:** 8 Pages. The contents of this paper has been presented at the 27th Annual IAPT Convention and Seminar on "Recent Trends in Photonics" held during 2-4 November, 2012 at the International School of Photonics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India

The authors after showing that a confined helical wave possesses rest mass, electric charge and half spin [1][2] now proves that such a wave is a solution of the Dirac equation. Using the confined helical wave representation of electron, the authors explain in a simple manner why the eigen value for Dirac’s velocity operator is ± c while the average value of the velocity of the wave packet formed by its positive energy solutions is the particle velocity. Further, the confined helical wave representation is seen to be consistent with van der Waerden equation and the zig-zag picture of electron proposed by Pen Rose.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1211.0112 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-19 12:13:13*

**Authors:** V.A.I.Menon, M.Rajendran, V.P.N.Nampoori

**Comments:** 9 Pages. Contents of this paper has been presented at 27th Annual IAPT Convention held during 2-4 November, 2012 at the International School of Photonics at Kochi, India

The authors show that that just as the rest mass and the spin, the electric charge of electron can also be attributed to its confined helical wave structure [1]. It turns out that the fine structure constant is the ratio of the electromagnetic field energy of the electron to its rest mass energy. The magnetic dipole moment of the electron also emerges in a simple manner from the confined helical wave structure of electron.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1211.0083 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-14 12:10:06*

**Authors:** V.A.I.Menon, M.Rajendran, V.P.N.Nampoori

**Comments:** 17 Pages. The contents of the paper were presented at 27th Annual IAPT Convention and Seminar on "Recent Trends in Photonics" held during 2-4 November, 2012 at the International School of Photonics, Cochin University of Science and Tech., Kochi, India

We show that the energy and the momentum of the standing waves formed by trapping electromagnetic waves between two reflecting surfaces transform exactly like those of a point particle. When such a standing wave system is given translational motion, it is observed that its time-dependent part transforms into a plane wave while its space dependent part becomes the amplitude wave which gets compacted into the internal coordinates. Using the idea that the electromagnetic waves can have spatial amplitude, we show that if such a wave is confined after imparting spinning motion, a system of two confined helical waves is formed with the one travelling forward in time forming electron and the one travelling backward in time forming positron. The confined helical wave picture of the particle gives a simple explanation of Pauli’s exclusion principle.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1211.0025 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-11-06 16:32:29*

**Authors:** Armin Nikkhah Shirazi

**Comments:** 1 Page. Poster presentation to be given on Nov. 10th. 2012 at Quadrennial Physics Congress, paper version to follow

The Feynman path integral is an essential part of our mathematical description of fundamental nature at small scales. However, what it seems to say about the world is very much at odds with our classical intuitions, and exactly why nature requires us to describe her in this way is currently unknown. We will describe here a possibility according to which the path integral may be the spacetime manifestation of objects existing in a lower-dimensional analog of spacetime until they give rise to the emergence of spacetime objects under a process that is currently labeled a ‘Quantum Measurement’. This idea is based on a mathematical distinction which at present does not appear to be widely appreciated.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1211.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-05 02:36:54*

**Authors:** Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The probability of occurrence of an event or that of the existence of a physical state has no relative existence in the sense that motion is strongly believed to only exist in the relative sense. If the probability of occurrence of an event or that of the existence of a physical state is known by one observer, this probability must be measured to have the same numerical value by any other observer anywhere in the Universe. If we accept this bare fact, then, the probability function can only be a scalar. Consequently, from this fact alone, we argue that the quantum mechanical wavefunction can not be a scalar function as is assumed for the Schroedinger and the Klein-Gordon wavefunctions. This has fundamental implications on the nature of the wavefunction insofar as translations from one reference system to the other is concerned.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1211.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-02 08:57:56*

**Authors:** sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The article treats that the angular momentum in the hydrogen atom.
If calculates the electron motion in the hydrogen atom , can do the quantization in the Bohr’s theory about the hydrogen atom. In this time, the electron’s orbit velocity is non-relativity velocity.

**Category:** Quantum Physics