[22] **viXra:1407.0225 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-31 08:06:16*

**Authors:** Jacopo Durandi

**Comments:** 26 Pages. This is a preliminary version.

In this work the usual formulation of the variational methods of Clas-
sical Mechanics is slightly modified by describing space as an interface implementing
instructions: these instructions, in the form of bit strings, determine the existence and
the dynamics of classical systems and are global – that is, their information content
is present at every point of space. These changes are then carried over to Feynman’s
path integral formulation of non-relativistic Quantum Mechanics by recurring to the
quantum superposition principle. The information content of the instructions is ex-
panded to include spin; it then follows an interpretation within this framework of the
collapse of the wave function in terms of splitting and merging of information and, as
an illustration, of Wheeler’s delayed choice experiment.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[21] **viXra:1407.0210 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-29 09:10:03*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[20] **viXra:1407.0194 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-25 12:49:44*

**Authors:** J.Foukzon, A.A.Potapov, S.A. Podosenov

**Comments:** 57 Pages.

Possible solution of the Schrödinger's cat paradox@@ is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[19] **viXra:1407.0191 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-25 09:00:22*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information.
In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[18] **viXra:1407.0184 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-24 11:56:31*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[17] **viXra:1407.0165 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-21 20:11:29*

**Authors:** DaeHyeon KANG

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this paper,I introduce the virtual velocity of the particle. It is from the spetial theory of relativity, because of the velocity of the particles or Dirac equation be not able to explaine hydrogen atom phenamina. In the spetial theory of relativity, time dilatation and lenth constraction are related by the equation (1).
I get from the above relation, the vitual velocity of a particle and the virtual speed of a particle can be beyond the speed of light.
I think the virtual velocity and potential have nonlocality in physics, and wave function may exists there before we observe the particle's position. New quantum machanics is similar to Shrodinger equation.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[16] **viXra:1407.0147 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-20 09:33:23*

**Authors:** Saurav Dwivedi

**Comments:** 18 Pages. Keywords: Pragmatism; Bimodal Logic; Probability.

Some variants of quantum theory theorize dogmatic “unimodal” states-of-being, and are based on hodge-podge classical-quantum language. They are based on *ontic* syntax, but *pragmatic* semantics. This error was termed semantic inconsistency [1]. Measurement seems to be central problem of these theories, and widely discussed in their interpretation. Copenhagen theory deviates from this prescription, which is modeled on experience. A *complete* quantum experiment is “*bimodal*”. An experimenter *creates* the system-under-study in *initial* mode of experiment, and *annihilates* it in the *final*. The experimental *intervention* lies beyond the theory. I theorize most rudimentary bimodal quantum experiments studied by Finkelstein [2], and deduce “bimodal probability density” π = |ψin>⊗<φfin| to represent *complete* quantum experiments. It resembles core insights of the Copenhagen theory.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[15] **viXra:1407.0139 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-07-27 02:02:51*

**Authors:** Hasmukh K. Tank

**Comments:** A seven-page paper

Quantum mechanical wave function predicts probabilities of finding a ‘particle’ at different points in space, but at the time of detection a particle is detected only at one place. The question is: how this place gets decided, and can be predicted. To seek answer to this, we assume here that a ‘particle’ has some “diameter”, in stead of being a ‘point-particle’ of mathematical zero dimension; and depending upon the relative velocity between this particle and observer, its “diameter” experiences ‘Relativistic length-contraction’. Then we Fourier-transform this ‘length-contraction’ in ‘space-domain’ into ‘spectral-expansion’ ∆ω in ‘frequency-domain’, and find that momentum of a particle can be expressed as: m v = h ∆ω / 2 π c, and de Broglie’s wavelength, λB = 2 π c /∆ω ; as was derived in [ref.1 and 2. In the ref-2 it was shown that: in fact it is the ‘expansion of spectrum’ in the frequency-domain, which is the physical-cause for the Relativistic length-contraction.] Then we notice that the frequency-domain translation of the particle’s length in space-domain has a continuous spectrum; i.e. it contains a set of frequencies ranging from ωmax to ωmin . Therefore, as we found in ref. [3], this wide set of waves coherently add only at discrete points in space, and mutually nullify their amplitudes at rest of the places. And the place at which all the spectral-components of the wide band of waves will add constructively, will depend on the relative phase of all the spectral components. It is proposed here, that we need to know the relative phase angles of every spectral-component contained in the wide set of waves contained in the expanded wide band, for predicting the exact place of detection of the ‘particle’.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[14] **viXra:1407.0106 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-14 17:09:58*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A Frino

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Earlier this year I wrote a paper entitled Scale Factors and the Scale Principle. In this paper I formulated a new law which describes a number of fundamental quantum mechanical laws. This paper shows that the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle obeys this new formulation.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[13] **viXra:1407.0104 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-14 17:12:05*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A Frino

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Earlier this year I wrote a paper entitled Scale Factors and the Scale Principle. In this paper I formulated a new Law which describes a number of fundamental quantum mechanical laws. This paper shows that the black hole entropy obeys this new formulation.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[12] **viXra:1407.0103 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-04 16:07:52*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 37 Pages.

This paper investigates the origins of the fine-structure constant and the laws of physics. Evidence strongly suggests that there is a common origin behind all of them. The most striking evidence is perhaps the Lorentz transformations which are mentioned here and analysed in a separate paper. The author presents a new perspective about the laws of Nature through a new theory called: the theory of the pre-universe and proposes an answer to the question: where do the laws of physics
come from?

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[11] **viXra:1407.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-13 03:25:42*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with “Spooky Activation at Distance” formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word’s associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[10] **viXra:1407.0078 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-11 00:31:03*

**Authors:** Hasmukh K. Tank

**Comments:** A Single-Page Note

For more than twenty years I have been trying to communicate the true nature of 'matter' through the system of 'peer-reviewed-journals', but the prestigious journals are not courageous-enough to publish. So I am expressing my view here to the open-minded readers.
'Matter' is not a 'substance', 'matter' is a 'process' i.e. 'a phenomenon'. 'Matter' is a process of fluctuations arisen in a 'continuum'. The continuum nature of the fundamental-reality allows formations of spherical 'wave-packets' of micro-microscopic-dimensions*. There are: integer (whole number) of such 'wave-packets'. The waves generated by these packets spread in all the directions. An interesting difference between the interference of conventional electromagnetic waves and the waves of 'matter-particles' is: that in the case of electromagnetic waves generated by radio-stations, the waves add constructively or destructively depending upon their relative phase, and the antennas remain firmly fixed; whereas in the case of 'matter-waves' depending upon the constructive or destructive superimposition of the waves, the antennas change their positions! Because the 'particles of matter' are so light-weight, that they change their positions like 'free-floating-antennas. Interference of 'matter-waves' causes the changes in the positions of the 'spherical wave-packets' called 'particles of matter'. We require not just 'strings' or 'loops' but rather three or four-dimensional-continuum to describe the 'particles of matter'. Thus, the particles of 'matter' are 'particles' as far as their micro-microscopic size, and their whole, integer number is concerned; and they are 'waves' as far as their true nature, of 'fluctuations of the most fundamental continuum’, is concerned.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[9] **viXra:1407.0060 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-08 10:13:26*

**Authors:** Thomas Alexander Meyer

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

We consider a single electron amplitude splitting interference experiment with respect to the possibility of a blueshift in energy/momentum due to the changes in static electric potential.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[8] **viXra:1407.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-07 08:42:09*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:1407.0042 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-07-24 17:53:34*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Earlier this year (May) I wrote a paper entitled Scale Factors and the Scale Principle. In this paper I formulated a new law which describes a number of fundamental quantum mechanical laws. Since then I found that other quantum mechanical laws including the Bohr postulate and the De Broglie wavelength formula also obey the scale principle. Later I proved that this new law also describes the formula for the Schwarzschild radius, the equation for Einstein’s relativistic energy and Newton’s law of universal gravitation. Now I discovered that the Schrödinger’s equation can also be explained in terms of the present formulation.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[6] **viXra:1407.0038 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-04 23:16:51*

**Authors:** Michail Zak

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

There has been proven that mathematical origins of randomness in quantum and Newtonian physics are coming from the same source that is dynamical instability. However in Newtonian physics this instability is measured by positive finite Liapunov exponents averaged over infinite time period, while in quantum physics the instability is accompanied by a loss of the Lipchitz condition and represented by an infinite divergence of trajectories in a singular point. Although from a mathematical viewpoint such a difference is significant, from physical viewpoint it does not justify division of randomness into “deterministic “(chaos) and “true” (quantum physics). The common origin of randomness in Newtonian and quantum physics presents a support of the correspondence principle that is being searched by quantum chaos theory.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1407.0036 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-07-06 23:57:07*

**Authors:** Hasmukh K. Tank

**Comments:** A six-page letter

This letter attempts to propose explanations for the century-old puzzle which thousands of physicists, including Einstein, Plank, Feynman …have been trying to resolve. A ‘particle’ is first mathematically characterized here as an impulse-function in space; and then Fourier-transformed into wave-number-domain; showing that a ‘particle’ contains a ‘set’ of waves, and not just a single frequency. Then a small ‘set’ of waves is taken and its sum is plotted showing that at most of the places the wave-amplitudes mutually nullify each-other and constructively add only at discrete points in space and time; agreeing with our mathematical characterization. Then we show that in the experiments performed so far the red lasers had at least a few thousand Hz wide line-width; means the sources have been producing a wide set of waves, and not just a pure single frequency. Similarly, in the single-particle interference-experiments incandescent filament-lamps were used with green filters inserted to isolate single photons; but it is obvious that at the frequencies of light very narrow-band-filters are not yet technically feasible, so the green filters used allowed significantly wide band of waves. This wide band of waves passed from both the slits, interfered like waves, and whenever and wherever they got coherently added, a ‘particle’ called ‘photon’ got detected.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1407.0035 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-04 08:53:06*

**Authors:** Dmitri Martila

**Comments:** 29 Pages. Is there a publication offer coming? I am from Physical Review!

Because of found mistakes, which we are lazy to correct, we need to check and recheck the foundations of Physics. As example of mistakes: "all" scientists used solution of dust collapse almost century, but it was wrong [Journal of Cosmology, 6, 1473-84, 2010]. Honest work on the errors, as I understand, has not begun. You postpone everything until the Second Coming? But God speaks: Matthew 25:26.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1407.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-02 16:01:16*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Earlier this year I wrote a paper entitled Scale Factors and the Scale Principle. In that paper I formulated a new law which describes a number of fundamental quantum mechanical laws and part of Einstein’s theory of relativity. The purpose of this article is to show that this theory also predicts Newton’s law of universal gravitation. Thus this new formulation can be extended to classical mechanics.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1407.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-07-01 09:59:04*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Earlier this year I wrote a paper entitled Scale Factors and the Scale Principle. In that paper I formulated a new law which describes nature at both quantum and cosmic scales. This article shows that both the Bohr postulate and the De Broglie condition are special cases of the abovementioned formulation.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1407.0001 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-07-06 02:57:56*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 15 Pages. 15

Recently performed Silicon based Ball Lightning experiments done by two different laboratories have both produced rest products in the form of Silicon globules, both with unusual complex internal and external structures.
These Silicon globule structures show strong differences with normal Silicon matter, which was reason to compare these complexities in detail and make suggestions for future research.
One of the clear phenomena is, that all globules show internal traces of evaporating tunnelling energy bullets, which according to Quantum FFF theory is supposed to be a first sign of Quantum Knots or Dark Matter particles with the characteristic of small fireballs or Ball Lightning often observed in the natural environment..
According to Quantum FFF Theory, Black holes (micro and macro) are the origin of all universal dark matter phenomena.
As a consequence the tunnelling energy bullets are also a first sign of microscopic Dark Matter in the Lab.

**Category:** Quantum Physics