[15] **viXra:1410.0206 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-31 06:51:41*

**Authors:** Miroslav Pardy

**Comments:** 8 Pages. original article

We derive by the Schwinger source theory method, the power spectrum
of photons, generated by charged particle moving within 2D sheet, with
index of refraction n. Some graphene-like structures, for instance graphene
with implanted ions, or, also 2D-glasses, are dielectric media, enabling the
experimental realization of the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation. The relation of
the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation to LED, where the 2D the additional dielectric
sheet is the integral part of LED, is discussed. It is not excluded that LEDs
with the 2D dielectric sheets will be the crucial components of detectors in
experimental particle physics.
1 Introduction

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[14] **viXra:1410.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-31 03:12:31*

**Authors:** Zhen-Hu Ning

**Comments:** 12 pages

Different from the existing quantum threshold signature schemes, which are mainly based on the classical Shamir’s threshold signature scheme, we construct the map from the multiple binary information to a quantum and support a new threshold signature scheme based on divisible quantum entanglement and p -unitary operator, which are well defined in the paper. Compared with the existing the schemes, the scheme involved fewer quanta. The scheme also meets the requirement of “Threshold Signature”, that is to say, only the number of participants is
not less than the threshold, they can execute the signature or the verification.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[13] **viXra:1410.0202 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-30 08:21:36*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

A leading candidate for room temperature superconductors is the copper compound cuprate, but no one knew how cuprates facilitated superconductivity...until some brave souls looked inside a black hole and broke out the string theory to explain how they work.
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[12] **viXra:1410.0199 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-12-15 16:55:48*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The present paper is concerned with the derivation of the Einstein's formula of equivalence of mass and energy, E = mc^2, from the Heisenberg uncertainty relations. Thus, this paper unifies two of the most important laws of physics as provides the proof of the quantum mechanical nature of the above famous formula.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[11] **viXra:1410.0165 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-26 12:07:14*

**Authors:** D. Bowen, R. Mulkern

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

This is a classically based rotating charge loop model of an electron which explains the electron’s de Broglie base frequency to an accuracy of over 6 decimal places. The model also predicts the magnetic moment of the electron to over 6 decimal places and helps explain the transition from a purely electromagnetic photon to a fermion state of matter. The model also explains how charge and spin are conserved in the transition. Finally, this concept might be extended to explain the Tau and Muon higher energy states of the electron as well.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[10] **viXra:1410.0113 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-06-08 14:19:18*

**Authors:** Remi Cornwall

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Added some ore explanatory text

Entanglement studies dwell on multi-particle systems by definition – one particle, via a global symmetry/conservation law is correlated to another. It has often been wondered via EPR/Bell/Aspect/Dopfer-Zeilinger/Zbinden whether: first, a communication scheme is possible by entangled quantum state collapse and secondly, whether such a scheme would work over spacelike separations. This study follows on from the author’s earlier scheme of sending classical data over a Bell Channel, to now, using an unentangled source. The rationale for this is that single particles are entangled with the vacuum state in path entanglement by the principle of conservation of probability: measurement of a photon in one path causes a collapse of the wavefunction in all the others. The new communication scheme represents an improvement over using expensive and complicated entangled sources of poor purity, for common-or-garden coherent sources.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[9] **viXra:1410.0104 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-18 15:42:36*

**Authors:** Michail Zak

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

I can calculate the motion of heavenly bodies, but not the madness of people.
Isaac Newton
In mathematical world, the bridge from matter to intelligence requires extension and modification of quantum physics.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[8] **viXra:1410.0092 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-17 09:16:10*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Princeton University scientists have observed an exotic particle that behaves simultaneously like matter and antimatter, a feat of math and engineering that could yield powerful computers based on quantum mechanics.
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:1410.0069 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-02-13 09:11:31*

**Authors:** Manfred Buth

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The task to be carried out should be clear from the title. One motivation for this endeavour is coming from the fact that the usual version of quantum field theory is not acceptable. In the paper, above all, three intentions are pursued (a) an adequate consideration of the interaction (b) a proof that the means of classical field theory are sufficient (c) a new attempt to describe particles by stable wave packets.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[6] **viXra:1410.0052 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-01 10:21:33*

**Authors:** J.Foukzon, A. A. Potapov, S. A.Podosenov

**Comments:** 22 Pages. International Journal of Recent advances in Physics (IJRAP) Vol.3, No.4, November 2014

Exact quasi-classical asymptotic beyond WKB-Theory and beyond Maslov canonical operator to the Colombeau solutions of the n-dimensional Schrodinger equation is presented. Quantum jumps nature is considered successfully. We pointed out that an explanation of quantum jumps can be found to result from Colombeau solutions of the Schrödinger equation alone without additional postulates.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1410.0047 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-11 19:50:05*

**Authors:** Jonathan Tooker

**Comments:** 1 Page. Occupy America, updated draft

Occupy America

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1410.0033 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-01-16 13:02:42*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

In this paper I shall develop the simplest relativistic model of the hydrogen atom. On one hand, this model is incomplete since it neglects the spin of the electron. On the other hand, it incorporates relativistic effects which are not taken into account by the atomic models of Bohr and Schrodinger. In the light of this simple theory it would seem that the Rydberg constant, as far as the spectral lines is concerned, is just the result of the non-relativistic approach used by Bohr and not a true indication of the dependence of the spectral lines on this constant. This formulation emphasizes the significance of the fine-structure constant in the atomic structure of hydrogen and reveals two new
meanings of this constant and its connection with life. Additionally this investigation introduces
three new constants of Nature a) the minimum speed of light for the existence of hydrogen, cH , b)
the energy-distance constant, ud , and c) the quantum energy-distance constant, uq .

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1410.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-04 10:53:00*

**Authors:** J.A.J. van Leunen

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

De huidige natuurkunde staat op een tweesprong. Dit verhaal duidt aan waarom dit zo is. Ook wordt een alternatief model besproken. Dat model is volledig bedacht en is om die reden gebaseerd op een reeks betrouwbare grondbeginselen die vervolgens met wiskundige methoden uitgebreid worden. Uiteindelijk ontstaat een model dat in veel opzichten lijkt op wat we door het waarnemen van de realiteit denken te kennen.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1410.0004 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-05 03:30:27*

**Authors:** Richard Gauthier

**Comments:** 12 Pages. Comments welcome

A charged photon and its light-speed helical trajectory form a surprising new solution to the relativistic electron's energy-momentum equation E^2 = p^2 c^2 + m^2 c^4. This charged photon is a new model for the electron, and quantitatively resembles the light-speed electron described by Dirac. His relativistic quantum mechanical equation for the electron was derived from the above energy-momentum equation. While the electron's energy is E = gamma mc^2, the charged photon's energy is E = gamma mc^2=hf . The electron's relativistic momentum p = gamma mv is the longitudinal component of the charged photon's helically circulating momentum p total = gamma mc . At any electron speed, the charged photon has an internally circulating transverse momentum p trans = mc , which at the helical radius Ro = L Compton/4pi =1.93 x 10^-13 m for a resting electron produces the z -component hbar/2 of the electron's spin. The right and left turning directions of the charged photon's helical trajectory correspond to a spin up (sz = +hbar/2) and spin down (sz = -hbar/2) electron. The negative and positive possible charges of the charged photon correspond to the electron and the positron. The circulating charged photon at the helical radius Ro produces one-half of the electron's pre-QED magnetic moment µ = µ Bohr predicted by the Dirac equation. There is a relativistic variation with the electron's speed v of the charged photon's helical radius R = Ro / (gamma)^2 and its helical pitch P = (2pi v/gamma c) Ro . The pitch has a maximum value P max = pi Ro when the electron's speed is v = c/sqrt(2) . The decreasing charged photon's helical radius R = Ro/gamma^2 with the electron's increasing speed v quantitatively explains why the electron appears so small (<10^-18 m) in high-energy electron scattering experiments, even though the characteristic radius of the circulating charged photon for a resting electron is Ro .

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1410.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-01 08:54:24*

**Authors:** Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Comments Welcome.

In an earlier reading, we argued from a physical and number theoretic standpoint that an upper bound speed limit such as the speed of light implies the existence of a lower limit to the duration of events in the Universe. Consequently, this leads to a minimum characteristic length separation for events in the Universe. Herein, we argue that matter and energy that is in compliance with and in observance of the upper bound light speed limit is governed by the lower limiting uncertainty principle of Professor Werner Heisenberg. If there is a lower limiting uncertainty principle, we ask the natural and logical question 'What would an upper bound uncertainty principle mean?' We come to the interesting conclusion that an upper bound uncertainty principle must apply to particles that travel at speeds, equal to, or greater than the speed of light. Further, we argue that consequently, a tachyon must exist in a permanent state of confinement and must be intrinsically and inherently unstable in which event it oscillates between different states. These two requirements place quarks in a position to be good candidates for tachyons.

**Category:** Quantum Physics