[8] **viXra:1501.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-22 05:39:13*

**Authors:** Steve Faulkner

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Abstract I comment on the background meaning, beneath Boolean encodings,
used in the paper by Tomasz Paterek et al.
Keywords foundations of quantum theory, quantum mechanics, quantum
randomness, quantum indeterminacy, quantum information, prepared state,
measured state, unitary, orthogonal, scalar product, mathematical logic, logical
independence, mathematical undecidability.
DOI: 10.13140/2.1.4703.4883

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:1501.0170 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-01-11 17:04:52*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

In the first section of this paper I derive the formulas for the phase velocity and group
velocity as a function of the total relativistic energy and the momentum of a particle. In the second section I derive similar formulas as a function of the de Broglie and the Compton wavelengths of the particle. In the third section, I derive similar formulas as a function of the angular frequency and the wave number. Finally, two additional meanings of the Compton wavelength are derived. The first one is derived from the equation of the group velocity in terms of the de Broglie and the Compton wavelengths and the second one from the range of the weak nuclear force.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[6] **viXra:1501.0157 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-08-12 01:47:48*

**Authors:** Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura

**Comments:** 3 Pages. Open Access Library Journal, Volume 2, e1797.

Recently, violation of Heisenberg's uncertainty relation
in spin measurements is
discussed {[J. Erhart {\it et al.},
Nature Physics {\bf 8}, 185 (2012)]}
and {[G. Sulyok {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. A {\bf 88}, 022110 (2013)]}.
We derive the optimal limitation of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
in a specific two-level system (e.g., electron spin, photon
polarizations, and so on).
Some physical situation is that we would measure $\sigma_x$ and $\sigma_y$,
simultaneously.
The optimality is certified by the Bloch sphere.
We show that a violation of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle means
a violation of the Bloch sphere in the specific case.
Thus, the above experiments show a violation of the Bloch sphere when we use
$\pm 1$ as measurement outcome.
This conclusion agrees with recent
researches {[K. Nagata,
Int. J. Theor. Phys. {\bf 48}, 3532 (2009)]} and
{[K. Nagata {\it et al.},
Int. J. Theor. Phys. {\bf 49}, 162 (2010)]}.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1501.0120 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-11 13:37:45*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

New research from Emory University School of Medicine, in Atlanta, has shown that it is possible for some information to be inherited biologically through chemical changes that occur in DNA. During the tests they learned that that mice can pass on learned information about traumatic or stressful experiences – in this case a fear of the smell of cherry blossom – to subsequent generations. [9]
A new way of thinking about consciousness is sweeping through science like wildfire. Now physicists are using it to formulate the problem of consciousness in concrete mathematical terms for the first time.
Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness.
The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1501.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-09 05:33:04*

**Authors:** Suraj Kumar

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this paper we have tried to describe a gauge group for gravitational potential associated with the elementary particle as described by their spiral structure in accordance with the standard model. It relates to the framework of quantum field theory considering the Dark Potential Waves which constitutes the Universe to be destructively interfering through Symmetry which breaks spontaneously through autocatalysis to initiate the Higgs Mechanism which consecutively defines the gravitational potential resulting in various spiral forms of particles. It also redefines the formation of Spiral Structure of Elementary Particles in context to formation of Sea Shells.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1501.0101 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-08 09:26:08*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

The puzzles of quantum mechanics are: 1. what is the medium for the photon and for the electron wave? i.e. what is waving? 2. particle interference pattern 3. observer effect. 4. entanglement. In Quantum Erasure and Double-Slit experiments, how does the emitter know to direct the photon two both slits or only to one slit? And how does the detector know where to detect the photons to form an interference pattern and not a bell-shaped (Gaussian) pattern or vice versa? This paper proposes a few, closely related, simple and subtle laws of nature governing quantum phenomena. Some of the findings in this paper are: 1. A photon is emitted in two steps: the creation of photon path and the emission of the photon 2. Although (almost) all of the energy of the photon is localized in space, the photon extends to infinity. An extremely small energy of the photon, which we call the 'precursor wave' in this paper, extends to infinity. The instant the photon is emitted, its precursor wave creates a path to infinity; it appears instantaneously in all its path to infinity, with infinitely small energy density. The precursor wave serves as the 'highway' for the propagation of the main energy packet. However, to conserve the principle of causality, we assume that the tip of the photon propagates at a speed billions times the speed of light. Thus, there are two speeds associated with the photon: the speed we know as c and the speed at which the photon length increases. 2. A photon will be emitted only towards an absorber. A photon is emitted by the interaction of the emitter and a detector. It is obvious that a photon will not be emitted if there is no emitter. Nor will a photon be emitted if there is no detector . Once a photon is emitted, however, it exists objectively, autonomously. The photon is emitted only after its path is determined by the interaction of the emitter and the absorber, at the instant of emission. 3. The photon energy will be concentrated where there is higher wave amplitude, i.e higher intensity of oscillation of electric and magnetic fields. This results in 'dragging' of the electromagnetic energy by the wave, hence eliminating the need for any medium. It is also proposed that single photon interference is a quantum phenomenon whereas two photon interference is a classical phenomenon. Similar laws hold for the electron. The 'medium' for the electron wave is the electron (the electron mass density field) itself. Where there is higher intensity of electron wave/oscillation, there will be higher electron mass density. This means that the electron wave 'drags' the electron with itself. Therefore, no exotic 'medium' is required for the photon and for the electron wave.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1501.0094 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-08 01:28:37*

**Authors:** Lane M Davis

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

By modeling both the atom and the photon as capacitors, the correct energy levels are easily produced via extrapolation from Maxwell's, Gauss', Coulomb's and Ohm's laws — without the need to inject Planck's constant into the equation ad-hoc. In the case of the photon, Einstein's photoelectric equation is formulated as a result, with Planck's constant consequently occurring as an aggregate of fundamental constants. Analysis of these equations lends credence to Planck's fervent and controversial personal dogma that the constant which he himself had discovered is nothing but “a mathematical trick”. Further analysis shows that this model reconciles the wave-particle duality; wherein the wave properties of light and matter produce the particle-like aspects as a result of the laws of electrical engineering in conjunction with the uncertainty principle and Schrödinger's wave equations.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1501.0013 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-01 21:47:46*

**Authors:** M. Pitkänen

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

Quantum criticality is one of the corner stone assumptions of TGD. The value of Kähler coupling strength fixes quantum TGD and is analogous to critical temperature. TGD Universe would be quantum critical. What does this mean is however far from obvious and I have pondered the notion repeatedly both from the point of view of mathematical description and phenomenology. Superfluids exhibit rather mysterious looking effects such as fountain effect and what looks like quantum coherence of superfluid containers which should be classically
isolated. These findings serve as a motivation for the proposal that genuine superfluid portion of superfluid corresponds to a large h_{eff} phase near criticality at least and that also in other phase transition like phenomena a phase transition to dark phase occurs near the vicinity.

**Category:** Quantum Physics