Quantum Physics

1903 Submissions

[75] viXra:1903.0550 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-30 10:05:25

The Relationship of Mass and Charge

Authors: Jeff Yee, Lori Gardi
Comments: 4 pages

In this paper, the two distinct properties of particle mass and charge are related, unifying equations for classical mechanics and electromagnetism that use mass and charge as variables for the electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[74] viXra:1903.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-30 19:55:47

Diffusion Gravity: An Heuristic Model

Authors: Dh Fulton
Comments: 12 Pages.

The evidence from quantum vacuum research suggests that virtual particles may play a much larger role in gravity than previously attributed. Far from being an empty “stage” or blank slate, the vacuum is an active agent in the transmission of energy (photons), and therefore should also serve as the active medium through which gravity works. The model presented here integrates key concepts of an active quantum vacuum and the fundamental physical process of mass diffusion to provide a prime motivator of gravity as well as the key mechanism for the gravitational force.
Category: Quantum Physics

[73] viXra:1903.0542 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-31 02:05:43

Arrow of Time and its Reversal on IBM Quantum Computer. G. B. Lesovik, I. A. Sadovskyy... (in Russian)

Authors: Kasimov V
Comments: 17 Pages. in Russian

Uncovering the origin of the arrow of time remains a fundamental scientifc challenge. Within the framework of statistical physics, this problem was inextricably associated with the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which declares that entropy growth proceeds from the system's entanglement with the environment. It remains to be seen, however, whether the irreversibility of time is a fundamental law of nature or whether, on the contrary, it might be circumvented. Here we show that, while in nature the complex conjugation needed for time reversal is exponentially improbable, one can design a quantum algorithm that includes complex conjugation and thus reverses a given quantum state. Using this algorithm on an IBM quantum computer enables us to experimentally demonstrate a backward time dynamics for an electron scattered on a two-level impurity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[72] viXra:1903.0541 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-31 04:01:38

Uniquely Distinguishing an Electron’s Spin from Two Quantum States via Riemann Surface Guidance

Authors: Satoshi Hanamura
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this study, we will describe how one electron could consist of a two-state spin system on the basis of a previous study, wherein we obtained a model in which two spinor particles could exist in one electron. The previously reported electronic model used equations to show the energy conservation law of an electron system, which included two spinors. Herein, we will consider these two oscillators as two bases and will start the discussion from the viewpoint that one electron can be considered two-bitwise. For this purpose, we apply the two-bitwise system with a Riemann surface via an analytic continuation. This trial could explain the mixed state of up and down spin states. Furthermore, the two states in which the electron can be of either state can be selected as the disconnection of the analytic continuation of the complex analysis. To consider the magnetic gradient field which would have a force to disconnect the analytic continuation to separate the two domains, it is possible to explain how the spin is fixed in the abovementioned states.
Category: Quantum Physics

[71] viXra:1903.0532 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-29 11:04:26

Quantum Optical Cooling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

When a particle is completely isolated from its environment, the laws of quantum physics start to play a crucial role. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[70] viXra:1903.0528 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-30 04:11:50

Quantum Heat Engines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Since quantum systems can exist in a superposition of states there was inevitably keen interest to know whether quantum coherence between energy states could increase heat engine efficiency. [33] When a particle is completely isolated from its environment, the laws of quantum physics start to play a crucial role. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[69] viXra:1903.0519 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-28 09:52:33

Ultra-Short Spin Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

"The spin waves we observed could be of future relevance to highly integrated circuits." [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[68] viXra:1903.0513 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-28 12:19:01

Cored Protons: Cored Protons Join with Each Other and Neutrons and Electrons to Form an Atomic Structure with Energy Being Allocated Beyond the Set Boundaries

Authors: Bruce A. Lutgen
Comments: 5 Pages.

Protons and neutrons, known collectively as nucleons, are made up of quarks. More specifically, up and down quarks. Protons and neutrons when joined together become an atom’s nucleus. Within particle physics, it has been said that gluons (gauge bosons) act as force mediators that work to hold the quarks together in the atom’s nucleus. Contrary to this view, gluons may not be responsible for this attribute of atomic structure. It is being offered that electromagnetic and strong gravity-related forces are in fact responsible for holding the nucleus together as an assembly. Taking that concept even further, the gravity-related force, when radiating beyond the nucleus, will morph into something much weaker but more extensive in range.
Category: Quantum Physics

[67] viXra:1903.0501 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-27 08:25:01

Why We Should Be Skeptical of Quantum Computing

Authors: Alan M. Kadin
Comments: 32 Pages. Poster presented at American Physical Society meeting, Boston, Mass., Mar. 5, 2019

It is widely believed that quantum computing is on the threshold of practicality, with performance that will soon surpass that of classical computing. On the contrary, it is argued that both the present and the future of quantum computing may be highly uncertain, for the following reasons: 1) The promised performance depends on entanglement-based scaling to massive parallelism, which has not been verified, and may be tested [1]. 2) Even if the theory were correct, exponential sensitivity to noise for highly entangled states could make the technology impractical [2]. 3) Evidence for entanglement in superconducting qubits can be explained using the nonlinear properties of classical Josephson junctions [3]. 4) Evidence for entanglement in arrays of coupled qubits can be explained using conventional energy-band theory with delocalized states. [1] A.M. Kadin and S.B. Kaplan, “Proposed experiments to test the foundations of quantum computing”, 2016, http://vixra.org/abs/1607.0105. [2] G. Kilai, “The Quantum Computer Puzzle ,” 2016, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1605.00992.pdf [3] J. Blackburn, et al., “Survey of Classical and Quantum Interpretations of experiments on Josephson junctions at very low temperatures”, Phys. Rep. 611, 2016. https://arxiv.org/pdf/1602.05316.pdf
Category: Quantum Physics

[66] viXra:1903.0497 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-27 09:09:07

Direct Current Hide Objects

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

The ability to hide an arbitrary object with a cloak at a distance from the object is a unique task in photonics research, although the phenomenon is yet to be realized in practice. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[65] viXra:1903.0482 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-30 11:52:34

The Very True Theoretical Ultimate Algorithm for Quantum Computers

Authors: Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura
Comments: 6 pages

Here, we propose a new type of quantum algorithm for determining the $2^N$ values of a function. By measuring the single output state, we determine all the values of $f(x)$ for all $x$ simultaneously. This is very interesting indeed: the quantum circuit gives us the ability to determine a perfect property of $f(x)$, namely, $f(x)$. This is faster than a classical apparatus by a factor of $2^N$.
Category: Quantum Physics

[64] viXra:1903.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-26 07:25:47

Atom States for Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

A new method allows the quantum state of atomic "qubits"-the basic unit of information in quantum computers-to be measured with twenty times less error than was previously possible, without losing any atoms. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[63] viXra:1903.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-27 02:55:55

No-Cloning Theorem, Kochen-Specker Theorem, and Quantum Measurement Theories

Authors: Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura, Ahmed Farouk, Do Ngoc Diep
Comments: 6 Pages. International Journal of Theoretical Physics (2019) https://doi.org/10.1007/s10773-019-04078-8

The usual no-cloning theorem implies that two quantum states are identical or orthogonal if we allow a cloning to be on the two quantum states. Here, we investigate a relation between the no-cloning theorem and the projective measurement theory that the results of measurements are either $+1$ or $-1$. We introduce the Kochen-Specker (KS) theorem with the projective measurement theory. We result in the fact that the two quantum states under consideration cannot be orthogonal if we avoid the KS contradiction. Thus the no-cloning theorem implies that the two quantum states under consideration are identical in the case. It turns out that the KS theorem with the projective measurement theory says a new version of the no-cloning theorem. Next, we investigate a relation between the no-cloning theorem and the measurement theory based on the truth values that the results of measurements are either $+1$ or $0$. We return to the usual no-cloning theorem that the two quantum states are identical or orthogonal in the case.
Category: Quantum Physics

[62] viXra:1903.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-25 10:12:00

Quantum Boost Engine

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

An international team of researchers has measured a quantum power increase in a quantum boost engine for the first time. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[61] viXra:1903.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-26 06:00:02

Quantum Splinters and Matter Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Physicists in the United States, Austria and Brazil have shown that shaking ultracold Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) can cause them to either divide into uniform segments or shatter into unpredictable splinters, depending on the frequency of the shaking. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[60] viXra:1903.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-24 08:17:36

Optical Tweezers with X-rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

"With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[59] viXra:1903.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 10:58:05

Laser-Induced Electron Avalanche

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

By using an infrared laser beam to induce a phenomenon known as an electron avalanche breakdown near the material, the new technique is able to detect shielded material from a distance. [38] The light scattered by plasmonic nanoparticles is useful, but some of it gets lost at the surface and scientists are now starting to figure out why. [37] In a new review, researchers have described the fundamental physics that causes magnetoelectricity from a theoretical viewpoint. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[58] viXra:1903.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 11:40:10

Taming the Light Screw

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

DESY and MPSD scientists have created high-order harmonics from solids with controlled polarization states, taking advantage of both crystal symmetry and attosecond electronic dynamics. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[57] viXra:1903.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 10:28:41

Schrodinger’s Cat is Neither Alive Nor Dead

Authors: Sunil Thakur
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper, we have analyzed a movie recorded by a team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to show that the quantum states are real, but not physical. We have then analyzed some natural phenomena to show that this observation applies to all the physical entities. Physical form is only a manifestation of a non-physical entity that has its own unique set of potential properties that it can manifest in physical form. The manifestation of the physical entities is observer dependent. An act of observation manifests a physical entity; it does not create it. We have also shown that we live in a non-physical world in which all the phenomena are mere manifestations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[56] viXra:1903.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 11:37:13

Light Behaves like Magnet

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[55] viXra:1903.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 18:36:43

Source-Free Classical Electromagnetism, the Free-Photon Schroedinger Equation, and the Unphysical Conjugate-Pair Solutions of the Klein-Gordon and Dirac Equations

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 4 Pages.

This tutorial begins with the relationship of source-free classical electromagnetism to ultra-relativistic free-photon quantum mechanics. The linear transformation of the source-free classical-electromagnetic real-valued transverse vector potential to its corresponding free-photon Schroedinger-equation complex-valued transverse vector wave function is obtained. It is then pointed out that despite the free-photon Klein-Gordon equation's being formally identical to the source-free classical-electromagnetic vector-potential wave equation, it yields not only free-photon Schroedinger-equation wave functions but also their complex conjugates, which don't satisfy the free-photon Schroedinger equation. This is a consequence of admitting complex-valued solutions of the Klein-Gordon equation -- of course only its real-valued solutions apply to the classical vector potential. It is pointed out that solutions of the free-particle Dirac equation likewise occur in conjugate pairs, and that its Hamiltonian operator implies a variety of unphysical consequences, e.g., any Dirac free particle's speed is that of light times the square root of three.
Category: Quantum Physics

[54] viXra:1903.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 11:34:35

ATLAS Light Scattering off Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Light-by-light scattering is a very rare phenomenon in which two photons interact, producing another pair of photons. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[53] viXra:1903.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 12:37:42

Pressure-Induced Superconducting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[52] viXra:1903.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 14:13:55

Spiraling Crystal Exotic Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

The realization of so-called topological materials-which exhibit exotic, defect-resistant properties and are expected to have applications in electronics, optics, quantum computing, and other fields-has opened up a new realm in materials discovery. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23] A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research. [22] In experiments at SLAC, intense laser light (red) shining through a magnesium oxide crystal excited the outermost "valence" electrons of oxygen atoms deep inside it. [21] LCLS works like an extraordinary strobe light: Its ultrabright X-rays take snapshots of materials with atomic resolution and capture motions as fast as a few femtoseconds, or millionths of a billionth of a second. For comparison, one femtosecond is to a second what seven minutes is to the age of the universe. [20] A 'nonlinear' effect that seemingly turns materials transparent is seen for the first time in X-rays at SLAC's LCLS. [19] Leiden physicists have manipulated light with large artificial atoms, so-called quantum dots. Before, this has only been accomplished with actual atoms. It is an important step toward light-based quantum technology. [18] In a tiny quantum prison, electrons behave quite differently as compared to their counterparts in free space. They can only occupy discrete energy levels, much like the electrons in an atom-for this reason, such electron prisons are often called "artificial atoms". [17] When two atoms are placed in a small chamber enclosed by mirrors, they can simultaneously absorb a single photon. [16] Optical quantum technologies are based on the interactions of atoms and photons at the single-particle level, and so require sources of single photons that are highly indistinguishable-that is, as identical as possible. Current single-photon sources using semiconductor quantum dots inserted into photonic structures produce photons that are ultrabright but have limited indistinguishability due to charge noise, which results in a fluctuating electric field. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[51] viXra:1903.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 15:26:57

Refutation of CHSH and a Dual Reality Conjecture

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

The equation for the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt [CHSH] inequality is refuted. Hence a dual reality conjecture for experimental (confirmation or) rejection of observer-independence in the quantum world becomes moot. Therefore the CHSH inequality is a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[50] viXra:1903.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 08:00:24

Objects Levitating with Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers at Caltech have designed a way to levitate and propel objects using only light, by creating specific nanoscale patterning on the objects' surfaces. [31] Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[49] viXra:1903.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 09:18:31

Quantum Tunneling Speed Test

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

Measurements at the attosecond scale not only add an extra dimension for the future quantum technologies but also can fundamentally help in understanding the elephant of the quantum room: what is time? [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster.
Category: Quantum Physics

[48] viXra:1903.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 09:42:59

Find Leakage in Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

A new computer program that spots when information in a quantum computer is escaping to unwanted states will give users of this promising technology the ability to check its reliability without any technical knowledge for the first time. [42] With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits-bits of quantum information. [41] Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Engineering and Applied Science have now demonstrated a new hardware platform based on isolated electron spins in a two-dimensional material. [40] Advances in this fast-paced domain could improve devices for data storage and information processing and aid in the development of molecular switches, among other innovations. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[47] viXra:1903.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 11:12:28

Pilot Waves Theory and Quantum Reality.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 10 Pages. PILOT WAVES AND NOT MATTER WAVES OF DE BROGGLIE .

THE DANCING GRAVITOETHERTON SUPERFLUID.
Category: Quantum Physics

[46] viXra:1903.0346 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-18 02:06:51

Entangled State Represented by Pendulum Oscillations

Authors: Masataka Ohta
Comments: 1 Page.

Just as binary quantum state is represented by pendulum oscillations, quantum state involving multiple quanta, including entangled one, can be represented by oscillations of multiple pendulums.
Category: Quantum Physics

[45] viXra:1903.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 08:56:23

Organic Two-Level Quantum System

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light and Friedrich Alexander University in Erlangen, Germany have recently demonstrated that a molecule can be turned into a coherent two-level quantum system. [24] Researchers at the University of Dundee have provided important new insights into the regulation of cell division, which may ultimately lead to a better understanding of cancer progression. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[44] viXra:1903.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 08:36:18

Gas Transition Between Quantum and Classical States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of researchers from the MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms has developed a way to study and measure gases as they transition between quantum and classical states due to changes in temperature. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[43] viXra:1903.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 09:00:10

Quantum Sensing Minuscule Magnetic Fields

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A new way of measuring atomic-scale magnetic fields with great precision, not only up and down but sideways as well, has been developed by researchers at MIT. [29] A team of researchers from the MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms has developed a way to study and measure gases as they transition between quantum and classical states due to changes in temperature. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[42] viXra:1903.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 11:15:56

Quantum Information Long-Distance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

At the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, researchers have realized the swap of electron spins between distant quantum dots. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[41] viXra:1903.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 04:37:24

Quantum Dot Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Tiny, easy-to-produce particles, called quantum dots, may soon take the place of more expensive single crystal semiconductors in advanced electronics found in solar panels, camera sensors and medical imaging tools. [30] North Carolina State University researchers have developed a microfluidic system for synthesizing perovskite quantum dots across the entire spectrum of visible light. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[40] viXra:1903.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 08:14:59

Space-Time Symmetry Testing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

It may, however, be possible that—according to theoretical models of quantum gravitation—this uniformity of space-time does not apply to particles. [28] Additionally, the scientists observed the quantum-critical scattering rate characteristic of the Dirac fluid. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[39] viXra:1903.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 10:42:32

Next Generation Optical Tweezers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[38] viXra:1903.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 05:19:30

Recovering Scattered Data with SMART

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

High-capacity optical communication can be accomplished by multiplexing multiple light-carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) channels. [31] Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[37] viXra:1903.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 08:38:37

Quantum Computer Reverse Time

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[36] viXra:1903.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 11:00:31

Quantum-Critical Conductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Additionally, the scientists observed the quantum-critical scattering rate characteristic of the Dirac fluid. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[35] viXra:1903.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 08:14:11

Extremely Weak Magnetic Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Physicists at Saarland University have developed magnetic field sensors that are breaking sensitivity records and opening up a whole range of potential new applications, from non-contact measurements of the electrical activity in the human heart or brain to detecting ore deposits or archaeological remains deep underground. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[34] viXra:1903.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 16:43:54

Bjerknes Brachistochrone Photon V2

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters
Comments: 8 Pages.

Ideal Fluid Solution Merging Quantum Physics & Classical Physics Planck Momentum is a Catenary
Category: Quantum Physics

[33] viXra:1903.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 09:10:42

Quantum Measurement Cooling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[32] viXra:1903.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 09:49:04

Quantum Information Scrambling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31] viXra:1903.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 11:36:50

Plasmonic Switching and Encoding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39] This "piezomagnetic" material changes its magnetic properties when put under mechanical strain. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30] viXra:1903.0213 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-18 03:53:37

The Hilbert Book Model Project Survey

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 116 Pages. You can bring this file to a local print shop, so that they can turn it in an A4-sized book

This survey treats the Hilbert Book Model Project. The project concerns a well-founded, purely mathematical model of physical reality. The project relies on the conviction that physical reality owns its own kind of mathematics and that this mathematics guides and restricts the extension of the foundation to more complicated levels of the structure and the behavior of physical reality. This results in a model that more and more resembles the physical reality that humans can observe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[29] viXra:1903.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 10:28:22

A means to make an Extremely Bright Entangled Source

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper discusses a means of making an extremely bright path entangled source. An initial laser source is preferred but any source of light: LED, sub-critical laser, coherent or thermal can be used. The light is dimmed by a beam expander until the relative number of |1> or |2> photons increases compared to higher photon states. The expanded beam is then passed through a 1:1 beamsplitter to generate path entanglement on the |1> and |2> photons. A further stage of “purification” can remove the non-entangled higher states by passing the output beams from the beamsplitter through one another, such that the correlated entangled photon electrical fields cancel in some region. In the said region, the uncorrelated non-entangled fields can be Faraday rotated and then absorbed by a polariser. The entangled photons pass through the region without rotation and attenuation. The output from the device then has copious quantities of 1 and 2 photon path entangled suitable for use in telecommunications engineering, secure transmission of data and quantum metrology. The wide beams can be beam-contracted to a thin bright beam and will keep the path entanglement of individual photons, as photons are bosons and so don’t interact, furthermore, all operations are unitary and linear, as by Maxwell’s equations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28] viXra:1903.0187 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-24 16:17:54

Iterations of Physico-Mathematical Constants

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 1 Page.

φ, π, e are mathematical concepts which are constitutive of physics. Therefore, it is conceivable that a causal structure bears the attributes of the physico-mathematical couple that gives body to the information, intrinsically a interaction.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27] viXra:1903.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 18:54:34

Statement of Quantum Indeterminacy

Authors: Steve Faulkner
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article is a concise statement of the machinery of quantum indeterminacy — in response to the question: What is indeterminacy; is it something that can be written down?
br>Keywords
foundations of quantum theory, quantum randomness, quantum indeterminacy, logical independence, self-reference, logical circularity, mathematical undecidability, Kurt Gödel.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26] viXra:1903.0154 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-19 02:40:59

Uncertainty and the Zitterbewegung Interpretation of an Electron

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 9 Pages.

This paper explores how the Zitterbewegung interpretation and the Uncertainty Principle might mesh. It also further details our geometric interpretation of the de Broglie wavelength.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25] viXra:1903.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 08:21:30

Quantum Radio Listening

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Researchers at Delft University of Technology have created a quantum circuit to listen to the weakest radio signal allowed by quantum mechanics. [32] A trio of researchers at Columbia University has found more evidence showing that sound waves carry mass. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field-virtual photons that pop in and out of existence-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[24] viXra:1903.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 09:54:20

Light in Optical Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have fabricated a multiplexer/demultiplexer module based on a property of light that was not being exploited in communications systems: the optical vortex. [35] Optical chips are still some way behind electronic chips, but we're already seeing the results and this research could lead to a complete revolution in computer power. [34] Electronics could work faster if they could read and write data at terahertz frequency, rather than at a few gigahertz. [33] A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[23] viXra:1903.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 21:17:07

A New Neutrino Mass Hypothesis

Authors: Jonathan Deutsch
Comments: 4 Pages.

ABSTRACT We start by realizing that Newton’s classical gravitational constant, G, and the quantum gravitational-structure constant (using h instead of h-bar for accuracy) must be made equivalent. Doing this assigns specific numerical values for the units: gram (gm), centimeter (cm) and second (sec) - - something physics considers absolutely impossible to do! We hypothesize 1 neutrino to be exactly 1 gm X 1 cm/1 sec - - a momentum - - which amounts to approximately 10-10 sec - - a reasonable quantum time interval. The neutrino is thus hypothesized to be A PARTICLE OF TIME! Time is physical. We hypothesize the neutrino mass to be 1 gm X 1 cm/time (sec)/the same amount of time (sec) - - specifically, exactly gmcm/sec2 - - a force (in enormous numbers) - - =(cm/sec2)gm - - a mass! This turns out to be approximately 10-34 gm. That is a very testable result, at least in approximation. Initial estimates are very favorable to our hypothesis, but delicate, precise experiments currently underway and/or future experiments will either confirm or disprove our hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Physics

[22] viXra:1903.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 19:58:41

An Electrino and Positrino Based Narrative and Model of Nature

Authors: J Mark Morris
Comments: 1 Page.

The electrino ε- and positrino ε+ are the basis of all matter, the carriers of all energy, and form the ε* plasma and ε8 gas which permeate space. Neither GR nor QM include ε-, ε+, ε* or ε8. A new narrative emerges that requires recasting and reframing of experimental results and theory from physics, cosmology, and astronomy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[21] viXra:1903.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 08:02:30

Sound Waves Carrying Mass

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A trio of researchers at Columbia University has found more evidence showing that sound waves carry mass. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field—virtual photons that pop in and out of existence—-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[20] viXra:1903.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 09:39:49

Optomechanical Kerker Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

For the Kerker effect to occur, particles need to have electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the same strength. [33] Technion-Israel institute of Technology researchers have succeeded in generating minute "nano-hedgehogs of light" called optical skyrmions, which could make possible revolutionary advances in information processing, transfer and storage. [32] Unique physical properties of these "magic knots" might help to satisfy demand for IT power and storage using a fraction of the energy. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[19] viXra:1903.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 04:04:39

Random Anti-Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The so-called random lasers make use of this multiple scattering. Such exotic lasers have a complicated, random internal structure and radiate a very specific, individual light pattern when supplied with energy." [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[18] viXra:1903.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 04:22:00

Highest Quantum Volume to Date

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

IBM has announced at this year's American Physical Society meeting that its System Q One quantum computer has reached its "highest quantum volume to date"—a measure that the computer has doubled in performance in each of the past two years, the company reports. [34] Magnetic materials have a worldwide market share of some $50 billion per year. A new frontier in the study of these materials, femtomagnetism, could lead to ultrafast magnetic storage devices that would transform information processing technologies with storage devices several orders of magnitude faster. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[17] viXra:1903.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-04 07:56:20

Light Enhance Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Under normal electron band theory, Mott insulators ought to conduct electricity, but they do not due to interactions among their electrons. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits—circuits that have zero electrical resistance—can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[16] viXra:1903.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-04 10:02:13

High-Speed Images Formation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[15] viXra:1903.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 01:52:54

One-Third of the Electric Charge

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

"There's a process in strongly interacting physics where fundamental particles, like electrons, can come together and behave as if they were a fraction of an electron," said Davis, a graduate student in Foster's research group. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[14] viXra:1903.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 03:40:06

Tuning Quantum Forces Repulsive

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field—virtual photons that pop in and out of existence—-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[13] viXra:1903.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 04:01:01

Magnetic Monopole in the Act

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Such devices would use magnetic films and superconducting thin films to deploy and manipulate magnetic monopoles to sort and store data based on the north or south direction of their poles—analogous to the ones and zeros in conventional magnetic storage devices. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field—virtual photons that pop in and out of existence—-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[12] viXra:1903.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 04:51:06

Magnetic Quantum Storage

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Magnetic materials have a worldwide market share of some $50 billion per year. A new frontier in the study of these materials, femtomagnetism, could lead to ultrafast magnetic storage devices that would transform information processing technologies with storage devices several orders of magnitude faster. [33] Devices based on magnonic currents—quasi-particles associated with waves of magnetization, or spin waves , in certain HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/magnetic+materials/" magnetic materials —would transform the industry, though scientists need to better understand how to control them. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[11] viXra:1903.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-03 17:21:09

The Biggest Fraud Ever

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

When you act as if an unrealistic physics theory is realistic and when you use or demonstrate it for educational or research purposes, then you are a fraud.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10] viXra:1903.0037 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-04 21:19:00

The Quantum Space

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We define the quantum space and the quantum group Gl_q (3) as the group of automorphisms of it.
Category: Quantum Physics

[9] viXra:1903.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 13:04:30

Bjerknes Brachistochrone Photon

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters
Comments: 4 Pages. Unification of Phsycs

Ideal Fluid Solution Merging Quantum Physics & Classical Physics
Category: Quantum Physics

[8] viXra:1903.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 19:54:02

Veritic Quantum Mechanics Theory(now Proven)

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 27 Pages.

To understand this paper, you first have to understand Veritic-Broglie Quantum mechanics theory. This postulates an explanation for quantum mechanics. It postulates that there exists Zero-point Planck singularities created by extra-dimensional mass, itself made of it's own essentient units and "trimmed" by the boiling of quantum foam, or super-fluid space at the quantum levels where it behaves very similarly to a boiling liquid or a lava lamp. These singularities, extending into extra-dimensional null-space. However, the vibration of the hyper-fluid means that when these singularities blip out of existence, they create a "Drop" of this base ether that bounces on the hyper-fluid as the fluid vibrates based on quantum vibrational theory, yanked up and down by an infinitely hyper-extending super-string. What's more fascinating as that it releases a wave with each bounce. This wave, if the drop bounces on the edge of the wave itself, carries the droplet, and the nature of these pilot waves causes the drops to configure themselves. These drops, are particles, and this theory would explain it's particle-wave nature and also marry quantum mechanics and some aspects of the general mechanics. But this theory, although mathematically heavy, has never had real proof or traction. Only tests yielding results very open to speculation. Yes, tests yielding results, but nothing really solid. Nothing that makes the theory worth accepting. Until now, that is. However, new research at SIAII as been looking into this. And get this; The concept has been proven. Not only that, but the true nature of these veritic particles has been journalized in this paper, and actively being researched. It has revealed some startling and fascinating truths about how particles actually work. You can learn more about this research, the data, how/why it supports this theory, and the theory itself, in the report.
Category: Quantum Physics

[7] viXra:1903.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 05:47:09

Integrated Silicon Photonic Switch

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Experimental photonic switches tested by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A., show promise toward the goal of fully optical, high-capacity switching for future high-speed data transmission networks. [41] Their research involved exploring how to exploit multicore fiber-optic technology that is expected to be used in future transmission networks. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[6] viXra:1903.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 04:48:45

Local Realism Quantum Mechanics Can Be Established: A Book Review of Quantum Mechanics’ Return to Local Realism

Authors: Runsheng Ru
Comments: Pages. The successful establishment of quantum mechanics in local realism is a very important scientific event. Therefore, this article has great news value and academic value.

The concept of wave function is widely used in existing quantum mechanics. However, the nature of the wave function is unanswerable. Many people are dissatisfied with the quantum mechanics of non-local realism and want to establish the quantum mechanics of local realism. But they did not break through the bottleneck. The model of "real wave curling inside the particle" determines that the wave function is the motion equation of localized real wave.The wave mechanics based on such wave functions is quantum mechanics of localized realism. The mathematical formal system of local realism quantum mechanics is the same as the existing one. Explanation of double slit diffraction can be experiment by directional quantization. The explanation system of local realism quantum mechanics is established, and it is guaranteed that this system can also be organically combined with the existing mathematical formal systems of quantum mechanics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:1903.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 03:57:05

Supersymmetric Laser Array

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

A team of University of Central Florida researchers has overcome a long-standing problem in laser science, and the findings could have applications in surgery, drilling and 3-D laser mapping. [30] Supersymmetry predicts that two basic classes of fundamental particles, fermions and bosons, accompany each other in the same representation. [29] A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to re-create the early universe conditions. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[4] viXra:1903.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 04:40:09

Practical Photonic Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

"This work adds confidence that a quantum computer based on photons may be a practical route forward." [47] The research group of Jonathan Home, professor at the Institute for Quantum Electronics at ETH Zurich, has now realised such a qubit encoded in an oscillator. [46] "It's known that as the temperature lowers, the superconductivity is enhanced," Chen said. "The fact that much more supercurrent flowed at even lower temperatures for our device was evidence that it is flowing around these protective surfaces." [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3] viXra:1903.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 04:47:37

The Electron as a Harmonic Quantum-Mechanical Oscillator

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 12 Pages.

The particular flavor of the Zitterbewegung interpretation that we have developed in previous paper assumes the electron mass is the equivalent energy of a harmonic oscillation in a plane. We developed the metaphor of a perpetuum mobile driven by two springs that work in tandemin a 90-degree angle and with the same phase difference. This paper explores the limitations of that metaphor.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:1903.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 04:57:41

Quantum Error in Logic Gates

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Sydney have for the first time demonstrated improvement in quantum computers by using codes designed to detect and discard errors in the logic gates of such machines. [48] "This work adds confidence that a quantum computer based on photons may be a practical route forward." [47] The research group of Jonathan Home, professor at the Institute for Quantum Electronics at ETH Zurich, has now realised such a qubit encoded in an oscillator. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[1] viXra:1903.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 05:25:20

Quantum Communication in Fiber-Optic Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Their research involved exploring how to exploit multicore fiber-optic technology that is expected to be used in future transmission networks. [40] When Greg Bowman presents a slideshow about the proteins he studies, their 3-D shapes and folding patterns play out as animations on a big screen. [39] Researchers at the University of Helsinki uncovered the mechanisms for a novel cellular stress response arising from the toxicity of newly synthesized proteins. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics