[15] **viXra:1112.0093 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-31 06:37:28*

**Authors:** Leonardo Rubino

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this paper you will find ten examples of numerical coincidences among the physical quantities of the universe.
Unfortunately, you will unlikely find them somewhere else, as most of them are here presented in an environment which is hostile to the prevailing cosmology, made of an unjustifiable (thick, dark, transparent, heavy and invisible!!!) dark matter, of unacceptable theoretical densities of the universe and unacceptable rotation speeds on galaxies.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1112.0085 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-29 23:32:06*

**Authors:** Leonardo Rubino

**Comments:** 86 Pages.

In this paper you can find a complete treatise on the General Theory of Relativity, starting from the basic geometry, through the Einstein's field equations, to the calculation of the deflection of light by the Sun and of the precession of the perihelion of planets.
Moreover, as appendixes, you will also find the Restricted Theory of Relativity and an explanation on how I see the Gravity (coming from) the Electromagnetism!

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1112.0082 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-29 01:58:22*

**Authors:** Leonardo Rubino

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

The mysterious dark matter is a totally unknown and unjustifiable object which has been
introduced to make theoretical and measured data match. The fourth dimension in the Theory of Relativity
has no support from the real Universe.
The fourth axis introduced in relativity through the 4-vectorial formulation of the quantities is just the falling axis of the matter towards the center of mass of the Universe, with speed c! And this axis is, of course, located in the 3-dimensional context of the Universe itself.
Moreover, forget the tens of dimensions, rolled up over themselves, coming from the String Theory!

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1112.0063 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-20 03:35:30*

**Authors:** Emil Gigov

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

In the Nature exist countless facts, whereas only thing backing relativity is the hypothesis, that the speed of light is invariant universal constant. However this hypothesis is meaningless, because it is clear that there exist superluminal velocities and absolute quantities. In this case, the Theory of relativity is arbitrary and wrong. This has been mentioned by many true scientists, such as Rutherford, Soddy, Michelson, Sagnac, Lenard, Larmor, McMillan, Tesla, Tsiolkovsky and others, unlike the modern physics. As regards so-called relativistic proofs, they are mostly imaginary and hidden. For example, black holes are hidden under a layer of luminous atmosphere, gravitational lens is hidden in the atmospheric lens, gravitational redshift of a star is hidden in the Compton effect, mass of an electron is hidden in the mass of the beam, Lorentz contraction is hidden in stellar aberrational contraction etc. Also, the relativistic navigational system GPS, actually works in accordance with classical physics, because there is a privileged coordinate system, as well as disturbances in data, which are being corrected permanently by ground control stations.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1112.0061 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-19 23:48:22*

**Authors:** Ranganath G Kulkarni

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Equivalence of mass and energy relation can be proved by Newtonian mechanics. The law of conservation of energy necessitates to assume that when the body moves increase in mass of the body is real so total energy of the body measured by all observers is same irrespective of their state of motion. Second postulate of theory of relativity can be proved. But theory of relativity is not correct. Mass and time are absolute quantities. This also indicates that nature has upper limit for velocity and absolute frame of reference exists.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1112.0060 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-19 09:31:38*

**Authors:** Robert L. Oldershaw

**Comments:** 11 Pages. First draft; Goal is to stimulate discussion

Arguments are presented for the contention that a new fractal cosmological paradigm is on the verge of replacing the previous standard paradigm of physics. The old and new paradigms are compared and contrasted.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1112.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-16 01:35:32*

**Authors:** Faycal Ben Adda

**Comments:** 15 Pages. 7 Figures

In this paper we build a counterexample that raises a fundamental distinction between recession movement of matter and space expansion.
We prove that observing matter recession at an accelerating rate is not an indication for the acceleration of the universe expansion. More precisely, we show that the observed acceleration in the recession movement of galaxies is naturally due to a universe deceleration. The counterexample provides us with a possible space with independent movement that might produce the observed behavior of galaxies registered for the redshift $z<0.5$ as well as for the redshift $z>0.5$. This counterexample calls into question the recent interpretation of the accelerating recession movement of galaxies as a sign of universe acceleration.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1112.0041 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-14 16:12:39*

**Authors:** Jack Sarfatti

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The dark energy accelerating our observable patch of the multiverse is Wheeler-Feynman Hawking-Unruh black body radiation back from our future de Sitter cosmological horizon. This horizon is also a hologram computer along the lines suggested by Seth Lloyd at MIT. The Stefan-Boltzmann-Planck blackbody radiation law is that the energy density ~ T^4, therefore, as expected, the advanced Wheeler-Feynman Hawking radiation density at the future horizon is the Planck value
hc/LP^4 and it is redshifted back from our future to us at hc/\/LP^2.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1112.0034 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-10 11:08:30*

**Authors:** Paul Karl Hoiland

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

A closer look at tachyon decay engineered vacuum state changes via reheat and inflation and if they could lead to a micro warp bubble as proposed
by Fernando Loup and based upon the work of Glashow-Cohen and Gonzalez-Mestres.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1112.0017 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-06 07:49:24*

**Authors:** Robert L. Oldershaw

**Comments:** 16 Pages. constructive comments welcome

A new cosmological paradigm based upon global discrete scale invariance proposes a radical revision in our understanding of atomic scale dynamics. The discrete self-similar scaling of this paradigm predicts a very large and discrete scale-dependence for gravitational coupling factors. This alternative gravitational scaling leads to revised values for the Planck mass, Planck length and Planck time, which appear to be more unified and physically comprehensible than is the case with the conventional Planck scale values. The fundamental interrelationship of the revised Planck mass, the corrected gravitational constant for atomic scale systems, the reduced Planck’s constant and the velocity of light suggests a hidden meaning for Planck’s constant. Within the context of the discrete fractal cosmological paradigm, Planck’s constant is revealed as the fundamental unit of gravitational action for atomic scale systems. Implications for atomic scale dynamics are briefly outlined.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1112.0016 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-06 07:56:18*

**Authors:** Robert L. Oldershaw

**Comments:** 11 Pages. constructive comments welcome

A possible explanation is offered for the longstanding mystery surrounding the meaning of the fine structure constant. The reasoning is based on a discrete self-similar cosmological paradigm that has shown promise in explaining the general scaling properties of nature’s global hierarchy. The discrete scale invariance of the paradigm implies that “strong gravity” dominates the dynamical interactions within atomic scale systems. A new atomic scale gravitational coupling constant G(-1) is derived with a value of roughly 10^38 G(0) , where G(0) is the conventional Newtonian gravitational constant. G(-1) is then used to calculate a revised Planck scale. Given G(-1) and the revised Planck mass, one can demonstrate that within the context of the discrete self-similar paradigm the fine structure constant is the ratio of the strengths of the unit electromagnetic interaction and the unit gravitational interaction within atomic scale systems.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1112.0015 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-06 07:59:29*

**Authors:** Robert L. Oldershaw

**Comments:** 13 Pages. constructive comments welcome

The theoretical vacuum energy density estimated on the basis of the standard model of particle physics and very general quantum assumptions is 59 to 123 orders of magnitude larger than the measured vacuum energy density for the observable universe which is determined on the basis of the standard model of cosmology and empirical data. This enormous disparity between the expectations of two of our most widely accepted theoretical frameworks demands a credible and self-consistent explanation, and yet even after decades of sporadic effort a generally accepted resolution of this crisis has not surfaced. Very recently, however, a discrete self-similar cosmological paradigm based on the fundamental principle of discrete scale invariance has been found to offer a rationale for reducing the vacuum energy density disparity by at least 115 orders of magnitude, and possibly to eliminate the vacuum energy density crisis entirely.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1112.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-05 08:44:01*

**Authors:** Paul Karl Hoiland

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

A relook at what is needed for the realization of breakthrough propulsion.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1112.0011 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2011-12-15 19:39:22*

**Authors:** U.V.S.Seshavatharam

**Comments:** 18 Pages. Physics of Rotating and Expanding Black Hole Universe'', Progress in Physics, vol. 2, April, 2010, p. 7-14

The concept of `dark energy' is still facing and raising a number of fundamental unresolved problems. `Cosmic acceleration',`dark energy' and `inflation', are the results of Edwin Hubble's incomplete conclusions. If there is a misinterpretation in Hubble's law - flat model of
cosmology can not be considered as a correct model of cosmology. \textbf{If the \textit{primordial universe} is a natural setting for the creation of black holes and other nonperturbative gravitational entities, it is also
possible to assume that throughout its journey, the whole universe is a \textit{primordial cosmic black hole.}} Planck particle can be considered as
the baby universe. Key assumption is that, ``at any time, cosmic black hole rotates with light speed''. Cosmic temperature is inversely proportional to the geometric mean of cosmic mass and planck mass. For this growing cosmic
sphere as a whole, while in light speed rotation, `rate of decrease' in temperature is a ``primary'' measure of cosmic `rate of expansion'. It can be suggested that, `rate of increase in galaxy red shift' from and about the cosmic center is a ``secondary'' measure of cosmic `rate of expansion'. Present `cosmic mass density' and `cosmic time' are fitted with the natural logarithm of ratio of cosmic volume and planck particle's volume. If present CMBR temperature is isotropic at 2.725 ${}^{0}$Kelvin, present angular velocity is 2.17 x 10${}^{-18}$ rad/sec = 67 Km/sec/Mpc.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1112.0008 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2011-12-05 06:27:20*

**Authors:** Sourish kumar Maitra

**Comments:** 14 Pages. A new look about holographic priciple and quantum randomness

General relativity and various possibilities about its proper combination with Quantum mechanics is a central topic in theoretical physics. In this article we explain various links which bridge between different views about Quantum Gravity theories. It turns out that these have very close relation with different interpretations about what quantization mean.We try to justify basic questions like what a string tension mean. First, we start with qualitative analysis and then we confirm these with quantitative results. These are shown to have relation with Quantum Gravity noise, Dark Energy, Hogan's noise and the Holographic principle. We clarify a long standing confusion in entropic Gravity, whether increase in entropy ($\triangle s$) makes the particle to move ($\triangle x$) or vice-versa. We indicate the possibility about non-local entanglement operation carried out by space-time which will increase entropy and a particle in space will move causing $\triangle x$. We relate noise with dissipation, much like a statistical system. In this context, we discuss the hierarchy issue. We try to see string as a natural consequence of intrinsic computation in space-time in planck scale. We clarify that although we talk about dissipative sub-quantum models, as quantization track only equivalence class (according to T'Hooft), it does not contradict with information conservations in quantum mechanics; equivalence class informations are conserved. We try to describe why we can attach entropy to an arbitrary spatial surface ( like a black hole horizon) and can derive Einstein's equation as the second law of thermodynamics.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology