Relativity and Cosmology

1902 Submissions

[21] viXra:1902.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 05:13:11

Vortex Gradient Formula

Authors: Sandro Antonelli
Comments: 3 Pages.

We expound the gradient of Vorticity tensor formula in general coordinates as treated in relativistic mechanics .
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[20] viXra:1902.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-18 03:33:11

Black Hole Mass Lost By Both Thermodynamics and Hydrodynamics Effects

Authors: Ragil Brand Ndongmo Tsafack, Saleh Mahamat, Thomas Bouetou Bouetou, Timoleon Crepin Kofane
Comments: 4 Pages. 1 figure, comments welcome

We purpose a new approach of black hole mass decreasing, which takes into account thermodynamics and hydrodynamics processes, in the presence of quintessence and phantom dark energies. Accordingly, we insert some terms into the Schwarzschild metric in order to obtain a new expression of the black hole mass. Further, we show that by the thermodynamics process, the second-order phase transition does not occur when we take into account phantom energy, except for complex entropies or relativistic time. At the end, we show a new principle to analyze black holes coalescence into a space-time, dilated by dark energy.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[19] viXra:1902.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 11:34:11

The Lag Effect of the Gravitational Field as the Cause of the Curved Form of the Milky Way.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 7 Pages.

Using gravitational field lag effect we can explain why the Milky Way galaxy has a curved shape of a “Chair”. Galaxies what having the form of a flat disk due to the effect of the field lag have an increased energy of gravitational interaction, to reduce this energy, galaxies take a curved shape of the “Galaxy-Chair”. This phenomenon resembles a decrease in energy in the cyclohexane molecule, where the most stable conformation is also the “Chair” conformation, which is almost identical in shape to the curved Milky Way.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[18] viXra:1902.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 14:08:54

Error in Michelson and Morley Experiment

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

Michelson and Morley carried out an experiment in 1887 to determine if the theory of ether is correct. The experiment shows that the speed of light is constant in all directions. However, an error in this experiment was introduced by the calculation of the elapsed time for light to travel between two moving mirrors in the rest frame of ether. Both Michelson and Morley assumed that the speed of light is not altered upon reflection by a moving mirror. This critical error produced a small variation in the distance traveled by the light between mirrors in the rest frame of ether. As a result, Lorentz transformation was proposed to explain the concept of length contraction.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[17] viXra:1902.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 11:04:26

An MHCE8S Flow Diagram Emphasizing Peculiar Z-Boson Phenomena and the Existence of One New Quark

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 4 Pages. I may not have much more to add to MHCE8S theory: others need to carry on!

Abstract: A forward- time, reverse-time cycle of the 4th cycle of an MHCE8S universe emphasizing peculiar Z-boson dating phenomena and one new quark making 7 in all.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[16] viXra:1902.0252 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-16 09:18:45

Meaning of the 5th Dimension According to the Theory of Total Relativity: Stress Material Medium

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 5 Pages.

The significance of the 5th Dimension is demonstrated as a variable related to the Stress material medium and its relation with the conservation of energy of the internal forces of matter. The Stress tensor of the continuous medium is obtained using the properties of the Quantum tensor according to Total Relativity Theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[15] viXra:1902.0237 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-15 01:05:58

Special Relativity (21st-Century-Style), Particle Physics, and the Dark Universe

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 14 Pages.

Abstract This article begins with “vector-tensor-scalar geometry” interacting photons and gravitons to produce the quantum spins of matter particles, the Higgs boson, plus the particles of the weak and strong nuclear forces. It then proposes the universe uses base-2 mathematics (a.k.a. electronics’ binary digits), the topology of Mobius strips and figure-8 Klein bottles, plus the geometry mentioned before, to produce photons and still hypothetical gravitons and non-hypothetical mass. It’s then proposed that the three-dimensional figure-8 Klein bottles composing the universe possess space-time's four dimensions (3 of space + 1 of time) when Wick rotation is programmed into them. This programming is adaptive, depending on the strength of gravity and electromagnetism (in Special Relativity, time slows in intense gravity and on approaching c, the speed of light). Because of the rotating between the x- and y-axes in Wick rotation, there’s a space-time we call imaginary or higher dimensional that is just as real as ordinary space-time. Gravity also leads to mass here - “dark” matter – and that matter’s associated “dark” energy. Back in this dimension, the Big Bang is regarded as dispensable due to the quantum-mechanical entanglement of microwave photons. And the speed of light becomes a duality – simultaneously having the two velocities of approx. 300 000, and approx. zero, km/s. Introduction - The abstract of a review article in the journal “Science” states, “Both dark matter and dark energy require extensions to our current understanding of particle physics or point toward a breakdown of general relativity on cosmological scales.” Could it be that understanding dark matter and dark energy doesn’t require modification of general relativity, but needs Einstein’s 1905 masterpiece of special relativity? Nevertheless, modification of general relativity – and its unification with quantum mechanics – might be accomplished with the hidden variables of base 2 mathematics, Mobius strips, figure-8 Klein bottles, and Wick rotation. The greatest obstacle to understanding the dark universe, and beginning the journey to quantum gravity, will be the human reluctance to accept a paradigm shift to determinism.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[14] viXra:1902.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 15:09:13

Time in Modern Physics.

Authors: Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Modern physics is built and based on the concept of time, developed by Poincare. This article shows what Poincare’s concept of time is. And as based on the Poincaré concept of time, the The theory of relativity of Poincaré was built.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[13] viXra:1902.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 18:30:41

From Hilbert to Dilbert: a Non-Orthodox Approach to Gravitation, Psychosynthesis, Economics, Cosmology and Other Issues

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Yunita Umniyati, Daniel Chandra
Comments: 208 Pages. This book is distributed freely. Published by Divine Publishing, see also: www.sci4God.com

This book took an unconventional theme because we submit an unorthodox theme too. Karl Popper’s epistemology suggests that when the theory is refuted by observation, then it is time to look for a set of new approaches. In the first chapter, it is shown that Hilbert’s axiomatic program has failed not only by experiment (Mie theory does not agree with experiment) but also in terms of logic (Gödel theorem). Therefore we set out a new approach, starting from an old theory of Isaac Newton. Dilbert cartoon series often offer surprising for old problems, especially in this era of corporatocracy. Now we would call such an out-of-the-box solution to the old Hilbert axiomatic program as Dilbert way (or Dilbertian, if you wish). Readers may ask : but what can physicists learn from Dilbert cartoons? While it seems not obvious at first glance, yes we believe there is a great character of Dilbert cartoon, i.e. to put it in one phrase: “out-of-the box and brutally honest.” We do think that such a brutal honesty is also needed in many fields of physics: from theoretical physics to applied physics, as will be discussed throughout this book.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12] viXra:1902.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 08:15:25

The Covariant Energy-Momentum Conservation Law in General Relativity, an Overlooked Role of the Equivalence Principle

Authors: Mueiz Gafer KamalEldeen
Comments: 8 Pages.

Reconsideration of overlooked considerations about the Equivalence Principle leads to Covariant Energy-Momentum conservation law in General Theory of Relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11] viXra:1902.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 13:32:12

The Basis of Einstein's Theory of Relativity is the Local Poincare Time, and not the Constancy of the Speed of Light.

Authors: Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov
Comments: 6 Pages.

This article shows how Poincare solved the problem of the crisis in physics. And it is shown what the Poincare principle of relativity is.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10] viXra:1902.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 03:29:39

Novel Ideas About Dark Matter and the SuSy Multiverse.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 18 Pages.

Recent discussions about the need for a successor of the Large Hadron Collider called the FCC Future Circular Collider (Cern), is reason to search for “Tweaks” or extensions of the current paradigms about Wimps (Weak Interacting Massive Particles) and Super Symmetric particles. Example: Nima Arkani-Hamed: “where in the world are SuSy and Wimps? Quantum FFF Theory ( Function Follows Form) seems to be able to fill in those questions by an adapted paradigm about special relativity, the SuSy multiverse based on instant entangled super symmetric particles and the suggestion for monopole photon based microscopic Wimps and Dark Matter Black Holes.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[9] viXra:1902.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 11:51:31

Unified Principles of Nature Solving the Problem of Time Introduction to the Final Master Theory (Toe)

Authors: M. U. E. Pohl
Comments: 10 Pages.

Althougth the concept of time was discussed intensively by authors over centuries the „problem of time“ is prominent today again in quantum gravity. As quantum physicists believe a more detailed understanding of the entaglement of time could lead to a unification of quantum-mechanics with general relativity, the author solves the „problem of time“ final in a deductive approach. Upon the solution of the problem of time, unified principles of nature are then postulated to integrate Newtonian laws, general relativity and quantum mechanics into one framework, offering a perspective to a new world model and a framework for the TOE.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[8] viXra:1902.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 02:15:11

Hypothesis of Tetraverse

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 5 pages, 3 figures

This paper discloses a hypothesis how four Universes can emerge from one photon. Two of them contain ordinary matter and antimatter. The other two contain matter of magnetic monopoles and antimonopoles. In magnetic matter atoms are bound together by magnetic forces, the electric field can be only solenoidal and electric charges cannot be separated from one another.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[7] viXra:1902.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 08:17:34

Remark on Creatio ex Nihilo, Intelligent Design and Emergence Philosophy Approaches to Origin of the Universe

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 20 Pages. This paper has been submitted to SciGod journal. Comments are welcome

It is known that the Big Bang theory was based on the concept of creation ex nihilo, after ancient Greek philosophers. In this paper, we will make few remark on the concept of creatio ex nihilo (as a commentary to a recent paper by Kalachanis, Athanasios Anastasiou, Ioannis Kostikas, Efstratios Theodossious and Мilan S. Dimitrijevi), as well as two other approaches, i.e. Intelligent Design and Emergence Theory by Clayton/Yong. As continuation of our recent paper to appear in forthcoming issue of J. Asia Mathematika, we argue that beside the above three approaches, a new concept called creatio ex-rotatione offers a resolution to the long standing disputes between beginning and eternity of the Universe. In other words, in this respect we agree with Vaas, i.e. it can be shown: “how a conceptual and perhaps physical solution of the temporal aspect of Immanuel Kant’s „first antinomy of pure reason“ is possible, i.e. how our universe in some respect could have both a beginning and an eternal existence. Therefore, paradoxically, there might have been a time before time or a beginning of time in time.” By the help of computational simulation, we also show how a model of early Universe with rotation can fit this new picture.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[6] viXra:1902.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 14:47:45

Special Relativity in Complex Space-Time. Part 5. Sketch of the Mathematical Structure of Complex Space-Time

Authors: Jozef Radomanski
Comments: 15 Pages.

The article compiles the existing information on complex space-time, from which a sketch of its mathematical structure can be outlined. We divided space-time into geometric and physical layers. The elements of the geometric layer are any four-vectors because, although it is an orthogonal space, it does not have a metrics. The physical layer is created by objects having energy, whose state coordinates are proper or singular paravectors, therefore it is posible to define a metrics for these objects. However, this metrics has no classic properties and it is not a pseudometric of the Minkowski space-time either, so we called it para-metrics. In the physical complex space-time the triangle inequality and the Cauchy inequality have been proved but, however, they have the opposite directions as their equivalents known from Euclidean geometry. At the end, we give a few tips on how to simplify the idea of a complex space-time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[5] viXra:1902.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 07:29:19

About the Synchronization Effect Between a Clock Situated in the Origin of a Rotating System and a Laboratory Clock

Authors: Alexander L. Kholmetskii, Tolga Yarman, Ozan Yarman, Metin Arik
Comments: 4 Pages.

We show that the attempt by Corda to explain the results of the Mössbauer rotor experiments via introducing the effect of synchronization of clock in the origin of a rotating system and a laboratory clock contains mathematical error and must be rejected.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:1902.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 07:32:12

YARK Theory of Gravity, Einstein’s Equivalence Principle and Modern Experiments

Authors: Alexander Kholmetskii, Tolga Yarman2, Ozan Yarman, Metin Arik
Comments: 9 Pages.

We argue in favor of the physical basis of YARK theory of gravity and show that the major part of recent criticism by Corda (Corda, C. Symmetry 2018, 10, 558-559) is based on either irrelevant or erroneous claims. We highlight a perfect agreement of YARK theory with the results of the Mössbauer experiments in a rotating system and demonstrate that the so-called “synchronization effect” proposed by Corda to account for the outcome of these experiments stems from an elementary mathematical error and must be rejected. Finally, we show that YARK theory provides a consistent alternative explanation of the origin of the LIGO signals beyond the hypothesis about gravitational waves.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[3] viXra:1902.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 07:49:43

The Mössbauer Experiment in a Rotating System and the Extraenergy Shift Between Emission and Absorption Lines Using Bimetric Theory of Gravitational-Inertial Field in Riemannian Approximation Explained

Authors: J.Foukzon, S.A.Podosenov, A.A.Potapov, E.Menkova
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Mössbauer experiment in a rotating system and the extraenergy shift between emission and absorption lines using Bimetric theory of gravitational-inertial field in Riemannian approximation explained.Bimetric theory of gravitational-inertial field is considered for the case when the gravitational-Inertial field is governed by either a perfect magnetic fluid.In a series of papers published during the past decade with respect to Mössbauer experiments in a rotating system [71]-[75],it has been experimentally shown that the relative energy shift ΔE/E between the source of resonant radiation (situated at the center of the rotating system) and the resonant absorber (located on the rotor rim) is described by the relationship ΔE/E=−ku 2 /c 2 , where u is the tangential velocity of the absorber, c the velocity of light in vacuum, and k some coefficient, which -- contrary to what had been classically predicted equal 1/2 (see for example [35]) -- turns out to be substantially larger than 1/2. It cannot be stressed enough that the equality k=1/2 had been predicted by general theory of relativity (GTR) on account of the special relativistic time dilation effect delineated by the tangential displacement of the rotating absorber, where the "clock hypothesis" by Einstein (i.e., the non-reliance of the time rate of any clock on its acceleration [35]) was straightly adopted. Hence, the revealed inequality k>1/2 indicates the presence of some additional energy shift (next to the usual time dilation effect arising from tangential displacement alone) between the emitted and absorbed resonant radiation. By using Bimetric Theory of Gravitational-Inertial Field [76] we obtain k=0.75 in a good agreement with experimental result k=0.69+(-)0.03 [75].
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[2] viXra:1902.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 11:49:09

The Universes Components Effects in Space Time Calculation Model

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

In this paper we will attempt to make a calculation model for the paper http://vixra.org/abs/1901.0357 The Universes Components Effects in Space Time now when we look at a star that is effected by the expanding universe we find that the star becomes smaller to the viewer now when we look at the star after c seconds or 299729458 seconds we find that the star should become 299792458 smaller but this model says that the star should produce the rest mass as an electromagnetic radiation
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1] viXra:1902.0002 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-02 13:30:33

Time In Non-Inertial Reference Frame

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The parity symmetry in physics shows that the motions in two different reference frames are related to each other. By comparing the displacement and the velocity from two reference frames, the elapsed time can be shown to be conserved in both reference frames. For two frames in relative inertial motion, the elapsed time is conserved in all inertial reference frames. If both frames are in circular motion, then the elapsed time is conserved in all local reference frames on the same circle. If both frames are free to move in any direction at any speed, then the elapsed time is conserved in all non-inertial reference frames. Two simultaneous events are simultaneous in all reference frames.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology