General Science and Philosophy

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[874] viXra:1711.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-16 17:15:46

The Tragedy of Post-Modernism

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

An explanation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[873] viXra:1711.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 15:26:10

Journey to the End of GÖDEL Theorems

Authors: Colin James III, James F Peters, Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 6 Pages.

The two theorems for incompleteness and completeness developed by Gödel in the 1930’s provoked a conceptual revolution in the history of mankind. The claim that not all truths can be demonstrated had a pervasive and enduring influence, leading to deep relativistic standpoints in physics, biology, philosophy and social sciences. Here, based on recently-developed logic tools, we demonstrate that the two Gödel theorems are not tautologous, and hence are unworkable.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[872] viXra:1711.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-05 03:09:20

Utopianism and the Sciences

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

Utopian science and its own sake.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[871] viXra:1711.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 08:24:04

The Principle of Maximal Geochemical Activity (MGA)

Authors: Vladimir Aksayskiy
Comments: 3 Pages.

The Principle of Maximal Geochemical Activity MGA is included in “trial and error method” – the instrument to search a new. From what I know today, the greatest predictive power has the principle of maximum geochemical activity. Activity in the broadest sense: material, energy, informative. In the Russian-language scientific literature, it was first clearly stated by academician V.I. Vernadsky. All living things on the planet throughout their milliards of years’ existence obey this principle and develop in accordance with it. According to V. I. Vernadsky, it is the empirical regularity that has never been broken on the planet. There were stops, but there was no return.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[870] viXra:1710.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 18:44:15

Will We Ever Have a Purely Mathematical Proof of the Existence of the Universe?

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 13 Pages.

Suppose for a moment that physicists discovered the formulation of the ultimate theory of everything (ToE) which explains all physical phenomenas. This is a remarkable achievement no doubt. But, what is to stop someone from asking; “Why this theory and not another?”. In other words, can it prove its own uniqueness? Surely this question will be asked. Some, like myself, would consider this question to be one of the most philosophically important questions of the theory. So, what requirements must an eventual ToE have to be able to provide an answer to this very question?
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[869] viXra:1710.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-28 15:36:47

Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe vs. Stellar Metamorphosis: Is Panspermia Necessary?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

This paper will address the perceived necessity of ideas surrounding panspermia and all its variants in light of the general theory.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[868] viXra:1710.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-02 21:52:10

Principia Qualia

Authors: Michael E Johnson
Comments: 86 Pages.

Philosophers have been wondering the nature of consciousness (what it feels like to have subjective experience) and qualia (individual components of subjective experience) for as long as Philosophy has existed. Advancements in physics and neuroscience have informed and constrained this mystery, but have not solved it. What would a systematic solution to the mystery of consciousness look like? Part I begins by grounding this topic by considering a concrete question: what makes some conscious experiences more pleasant than others? We first review what’s known about the neuroscience of pain & pleasure, find the current state of knowledge narrow, inconsistent, and often circular, and conclude we must look elsewhere for a systematic framework (Sections I & II). We then review the Integrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness and several variants of IIT, and find each of them promising, yet also underdeveloped and flawed (Sections III-V). We then take a step back and distill what kind of problem consciousness is . Importantly, we offer eight sub-problems whose solutions would, in aggregate, constitute a c omplete theory of consciousness (Section VI). Armed with this framework, in Part II we return to the subject of pain & pleasure (valence) and offer some assumptions, distinctions, and heuristics to clarify and constrain the problem (Sections VII-IX). Of particular interest, we then offer a specific hypothesis on what valence is (Section X) and several novel empirical predictions which follow from this (Section XI). Part III finishes with discussion of how this general approach may inform open problems in neuroscience, and the prospects for building a new science of qualia (Sections XII & XIII). Lastly, we identify further research threads within this framework (Appendices A-F).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[867] viXra:1710.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 09:50:48

Prospects of Modern Wood Gas Cogeneration Renewable Energy Supply in Japan - Case Study of ICU

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer, Mark Langager, Nobyuki Miyazaki, Takashi Kibe
Comments: 8 figures, 1 table, 2.5 pages of references.

In this article we introduce scalable modern commercial wood gas cogeneration technology of micro scale, beginning at 35-45 kW electric power, scalable up to 800kW electric power, as offered by several international companies. Cogeneration means to use both electricity and heat, which leads to an overall efficiency of converting the chemical energy in wood of up to 90%. We discuss aspects of technology, systainability, forest ecology, local and international fuel quality standards, long term cost efficiency, potential for attracting various forms of official financial support and potential risks involved. In particular we make the general study concrete in the form of a case study on renewable energy supply for the International Christian University campus in Mitaka, western Tokyo. Changing scale parameters in order to adapt to the local energy demand, we expect that this case study can be transferred to other schools, universities, institutions, businesses and buildings in Japan. We further try to address the question as to what contribution this technology can make to the future national renewable energy supply in Japan.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[866] viXra:1710.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 10:04:57

Christ Centered Stewardship for the Environment

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer
Comments: Japanese summary at beginning. 2 pages of references.

The recent Encyclical Laudato Si by Pope Francis also highlights environmental stewardship in broad terms. In contrast to this generality, our reflections particularly advance with a fresh look at the person of Christ, his role in the creation of our world as portrayed in the Bible, the origin and commission of man, and the relation of man and Christ. In this triangle of Christ, world and man, all three are appear related in the principle of Christ centered stewardship (of man) for the (created) environment. To gain insight we review some essential Biblical passage from both the Old and New Testaments. The second half of this work endeavors initial application in the fields of purchasing, building, energy, policy and education. Our approach is that of a natural scientist (of theoretical physics) and convinced Christian with interest in environmental questions.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[865] viXra:1709.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-28 19:16:00

The Internationalist Model of The Second Task

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

The establish resolution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[864] viXra:1709.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-28 19:35:43

Social Ecology in the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A social ecological resolution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[863] viXra:1709.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-24 12:21:17

A Pragmatic Language for Scientific Purposes

Authors: Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In order to avoid the inconsistencies that undermine the (otherwise good) legitimacy of scientific claims and to make them as accurate as possible, here we provide a few suggestions concerning the very structure of scientific propositions.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[862] viXra:1709.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-16 14:19:28

Scalar Theory of Everything Model for Steering Humanity's Growth

Authors: John C. Hodge
Comments: 12 Pages.

We are at a critical time in the evolution of our understanding of the physics of the universe and the evolution of the growth of humanity. Humans lack sufficient knowledge to predict outcomes of their actions. The long-term growth of science and humanity has been by trial-and-error. Life observations are applied to determine new science principles. The process and practice of science and the Scalar Theory of Everything model are applied to suggest how humanity can grow. New fundamental principles of science are proposed. The human species is at such a level that it must reorganize the national and international structure to allow competition and change. Inhibiting change is not an option. Nature's law is grow or die. The measure of success in nature is survival. The national military authority must obey and enforce nature's laws. Competition must be allowed between religions, between approaches to technology, between approaches to society, and between approaches to the environment. Humanity should steer the future by creating a true nation organization. The best state that humanity can achieve is to be able to adapt to changes without the destruction of war or of national collapse.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[861] viXra:1709.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-05 03:24:30

Two Rhombic Aircrafts

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. NextGen aeronautics

We show the designs of two rhombic aircrafts with gliding capabilities.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[860] viXra:1708.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-30 00:50:04

Human Papillomavirus: Cancer and Prevention, Why Doesn’t Everyone Receive HPV Vaccination?

Authors: J Mullin
Comments: 17 Pages.

Human papillomavirus is a highly transmissible through the skin to skin contact and has many strains, with strains HPV-16/18 being high-risk HPV, that is highly correlated with cervical, oropharyngeal, anal, and penile cancers. But these strains are highly preventable by using two of the available vaccines, Gardasil (2vHPV) and Gardasil 9 (9vHPV). Vaccination is between the ages of 9 to 26 years of age is recommended. But even with the advent of the vaccine, the vaccination rate in many countries remains low. Women and men who have sex with men are at higher risk for HPV-associated cancers. So why does not every eligible person receive the vaccination? Factors for apprehension include fear of early sexual behaviors, parental choice, and insufficient knowledge. But the greater good principle shows that since vaccination is for the greater good, it thus outweighs other moral objections to vaccination. It is recommended that all eligible for vaccination should receive it, regardless of sex, to add for a herd immunity and help lower HPV-associated cancer incidence.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[859] viXra:1708.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-26 11:40:29

Avoiding the Semmelweis Reflex and Worldview Lag

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The author supposes a simple idea to avoid the Semmelweis Reflex and a short explanation of the main cause due to first hand experience, backed by simple rule of influencing people in a less caustic way.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[858] viXra:1708.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 12:03:10

Venus' Surface

Authors: Taylor Jones
Comments: 1 Page. Venus, Surface

.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[857] viXra:1708.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-07 00:45:43

The Ether Space-Textbook of the Future Science Institute, a Teaching Guide for Its Exercises, Notes and Open Problems(volume Two 2017-8-10—English Chinese Mixed Version)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 346 Pages.

This is a series of science textbook written by Professor Jeff, which focus on mathematics and physics only in this volume. a person who has professional research level or a student being educated in a graduate school can read our textbook without much difficulty. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this textbook, it is better for you to study all the open problems mentioned in this textbook carefully. To write down your unique solutions and opening thought for these problems after your reading. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this series can be mailed to the author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[856] viXra:1707.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-24 11:54:21

Can Machines Think? Revisited

Authors: Sakshum Gadyal
Comments: 2 Pages.

The question whether a machine can think has a special place in computer science and modern philosophy. It has avoided the clear answer as no one know what it means to 'Think'. We all experience it though. Alan Turing developed one possible approach by not answering the question directly but by comparing the actions taken by machine and a human under same circumstances(The Turing Test). However, like any other approach, Turing test is not an absolute measure of intelligence of a system. The purpose this article is simple, to approach the question directly, by giving some arguments...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[855] viXra:1707.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-20 05:15:37

Discrete Space and Zeno's Paradoxe "The Moving Rows or Stadium"

Authors: Anton Chernikov
Comments: Pages.

In this article, I consider the construction of a model of a physical space with discrete space, matter and time. For such a space, the emergence of a contradiction of the analogous Zeno’s paradoxe "Stadium" is shown. I show the elimination of the contradiction of this paradoxe with the introduction of the concept of the order of time’s motion. The assumption about influence of time’s motion on transfer of the information about location of a matter in space that in turn can influence the future arrangement of a matter in space is advanced.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[854] viXra:1707.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-06 18:16:34

From 0 to 1+1=2: On the Grand Unified Theory in Philosophy

Authors: Lei Shi
Comments: 4 Pages.

The conflict between formal logic and dialectical logic is a big problem in philosophy. This paper attempts to unify them by dialectics. Using unified methodology, we can unify all theories and establish the Grand Unified Theory in philosophy. Here we show that we must accept that there is no difference in the world and nothing makes differences which lead to matter and consciousness at the same time. That everything comes from nothing and matter and consciousness are unified, is the Grand Unified Theory in philosophy.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[853] viXra:1707.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-05 08:50:11

Resolution to the Liar Paradox.

Authors: Ameet Sharma
Comments: 7 Pages.

We present a resolution to the liar paradox. The basic idea is that the liar sentence is ambiguous. Depending on the method of analysis of the liar sentence, it can express a true proposition, a false proposition or no proposition at all. There is no logical contradiction since we never get two truth values for the same proposition. We can avoid this problem of ambiguous sentences by always using the same rules of analysis for a sentence every time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[852] viXra:1707.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-02 03:15:58

4 Science Letters

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 6 Pages. Previous versions unsuccessfully submitted to Nature, New Space, Medical Journal of Australia

These letters cannot, I've discovered, be published in science or medical journals. In the first case, they don't conform to editorial standards which say they aren't suitable for the Correspondence (Letter to Editor) section. In the second case, the relevant letter (3) is not based on "evidence-based medicine" (ideas limited to verification by present technology). So it appears that the only way to express these thoughts is to be nonconformist, give science higher priority than editorial matters, and offer them to the preprint vixra.org. The 4 letters are: Letter 1 - Broken Infinity (paragraphs kept getting added to this original letter, so some references are included in the letter while some are listed at the end) Letter 2 - "Unscientific" Possibilities Of A Universal Unified Theory Letter 3 - Science's Resurrected Immortals Letter 4 - New Space-time Travel
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[851] viXra:1706.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-19 17:52:24

The Nature of Reality: A Christian Perspective.

Authors: Richard A. Stovall
Comments: 20 Pages.

Part One delineates the history of science and its primacy as to the nature of reality and addresses issues that need to be resolved concerning quantum theory and, to a lesser extent, relativity theory. Part Two delineates a modified form of idealism as a possible solution to the relevant theories. Part Three investigates the theological implications of said solution. Part Four advocates Christian mysticism as a practical method of personal confirmation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[850] viXra:1706.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-18 19:03:08

Breaking a Multi-Layer Crypter Through Reverse-Engineering, a Case Study Into the Man1 Crypter

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 8 Pages.

Crypters and packers are common in the malware world, lots of tech- niques have been invented over the years to help people bypass security measures commonly used. One such technique where a crypter will use multiple, sometimes dynamically generated, layers to decode and unpack the protected executable allows a crypter to bypass common security mea- sures such as Antivirus. While at the end of this paper we will have con- structed a working proof of concept for an unpacker it is by no means meant as a production level mechanism, the goal is simply to show the reversing of routines found in a crypter while using a reverse-engineering framework that is geared towards shellcode analysis to our benefit for malware analysis.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[849] viXra:1706.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-18 09:19:10

Dissecting the Dyre Loader

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 8 Pages.

Dyre or Dyreza, is a pretty prominent figure in the world of financial malware. The Dyre of today comes loaded with a multitude of mod- ules and features while also appearing to be well maintained. The first recorded instance of Dyre I have found is an article in June 2014 and the sample in question is version 1001, while at the time of this report Dyre is already up to version 1166. While the crypters and packers have varied over time, for at least the past 6 months Dyre has used the same loader to perform it’s initial checks and injection sequence. It is the purpose of this report to go through the various techniques and algorithms present in the loader, and at times reverse them to python proof of concepts.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[848] viXra:1706.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-17 01:25:47

Entry in Cancelled Nasa Competition

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 3 Pages.

Subtitle - New Time Dimension, New Space-time Travel, & Computers of Unlimited Power In early May, I wrote the following entry for a competition being conducted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Today I received a disappointing email advising me that the competition has been cancelled. Here's part of what it said regarding the competition's purpose and the reasons for cancellation: "NASA Cancels its High Performance Fast Computing Challenge: After careful deliberation, NASA has decided to cancel the competition it announced six weeks ago that was designed to solicit the public’s help in speeding up its Pleiades supercomputer software. Called the High Performance Fast Computing Challenge, the contest was designed to reward qualified contenders who could change the agency’s FUN3D design software so that it could run 10 to 1,000 times faster without a decrease in accuracy. The extremely high number of applicants, more than 1,800, coupled with the difficulty in satisfying the extensive vetting requirements to control the public distribution of the software made it unlikely we would achieve the challenge’s original objectives in a timely manner." My submission does not include lines of programming for the simple reason that no coding beyond that currently being used is necessary. Since NASA was looking for coding to update its Pleiades supercomputer software, I am well aware that they undoubtedly wouldn't have even considered my entry. I don't want to waste my efforts to explain new programming (and new space-time travel), however. So I'll post my entry here.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[847] viXra:1706.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-05 12:22:33

Introduction to Quantum Physics and Quantum Computers

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 70 Pages.

In the first part of this science lecture we take Richard Feynman famous words about nobody understanding quantum mechanics as a challenge to be overcome a the level of a typical sophomore college students. As a second part we examine the principles of quantum computers and run Shor algorithm as an example.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[846] viXra:1706.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-04 10:44:55

La Visión Y Planes Geopolíticos de Simón Bolívar Análisis Original Y Documentado

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 8 Pages.

Sin asumir de entrada las usuales ideas preconcebidas acerca de Simón Bolívar, su obra y sus objetivos, este trabajo de investigación histórica se basa no en arengas de campos de batalla, o comunicaciones diplomáticas, etc, sino mayormente en cartas entre Bolívar y sus colaboradores de su mayor confianza. La razón de ello es que creemos que son en esos escritos donde se puede encontrar mejor lo que Bolívar realmente pensaba y planeaba. Todo eso es analizado en el contexto de la geopolítica, global y de la incipiente Latinoamérica, de los principios del siglo XIX.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[845] viXra:1706.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-02 20:57:12

An Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 12 Pages. Science Lecture

An introduction to artificial neural networks at college sophomore level.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[844] viXra:1706.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-01 12:32:16

On the "Mysterious" Effectiveness of Mathematics in Science

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 25 Pages.

This paper notes first that the effectiveness of mathematics in science appears to some writers to be "mysterious" or "unreasonable". Then reasons are given for thinking that science is, at root, the search for compression in the world. At more length, several reasons are given for believing that mathematics is, fundamentally, a set of techniques for compressing information and their application. From there, it is argued that the effectiveness of mathematics in science is because it provides a means of achieving the compression of information which lies at the heart of science. The anthropic principle provides an explanation of why we find the world - aspects of it at least - to be compressible. Information compression may be seen to be important in both science and mathematics, not only as a means of representing knowledge succinctly, but as a basis for scientific and mathematical inferences - because of the intimate relation that is known to exist between information compression and concepts of prediction and probability. The idea that mathematics may be seen to be largely about the compression of information is in keeping with the view, supported by evidence that is outlined in the paper, that much of human learning, perception, and cognition may be understood as information compression. That connection is itself in keeping with the observation that mathematics is the product of human ingenuity and an aid to human thinking.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[843] viXra:1706.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-01 12:39:35

Towards a New Mathematics for Science

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 69 Pages.

In this paper, it is argued that, despite its many strengths and undoubted value in science, mathematics also has some weaknesses as a handmaiden for science. There appears to be potential in developing a new mathematics for science (NMFS) which is designed to overcome those weaknesses and to meet more fully the needs of science. As a background to the proposals: 1) The conclusions of a companion paper are noted - that mathematics is, fundamentally, a set of techniques for the compression of information and the application of those techniques; 2) That the effectiveness of mathematics in science is because it provides a means of achieving the compression of information which lies at the heart of science; 3) Since science and mathematics are products of the human intellect, it should not be surprising to find that the workings of the human mind has an influence on both of them; and 4) The significance of information compression in science and mathematics is in line with an abundance of other evidence for the significance of information compression in human learning, perception, and thinking. Continuing the theme of information compression as a unifying principle, the "SP theory of intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP computer model" demonstrate how diverse aspects of intelligence may be modelled via information compression within the powerful framework of "multiple alignment". An NMFS is proposed, created as an amalgamation of mathematics as it is today with the SP system as it is today, including developments in both areas that are anticipated now. It is envisaged that, for reasons described in the paper, the proposed NMFS will overcome several of the apparent weaknesses in mathematics. In several sections, there is discussion of some possible implications for science of the proposed NMFS, including: potential for the long-sought-after unification of quantum mechanics and general relativity; expansion of the concept of "object" in physics; ambiguity in human perception as an analogy for the concept of superposition in quantum mechanics; the phenomenon of discontinuous dependencies in natural languages as an analogy for nonlocality and entanglement in quantum mechanics; a "waterspout" interpretation for some of the two-slits experiments; potential advantages of the proposed NMFS in the realm of statistics; and its potential to be a vehicle for the representation of *all* kinds of scientific knowledge, with consequent benefits in the processing of that knowledge.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[842] viXra:1705.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-31 06:24:06

The Third Task

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

A foreseeable task.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[841] viXra:1705.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-25 18:57:51

Holy Cosmic Condensate of Dipolar Gravitons

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 8 Pages.

Quantum modification of general relativity (Qmoger) is supported by cosmic data (without fitting). Qmoger equations consist of Einstein equations with two additional terms responsible for production/absorption of matter. In Qmoger cosmology there was no Big Bang and matter is continuously producing by the Vacuum. Particularly, production of the ultralight gravitons with tiny electric dipole moment was started about 284 billion years ago. Quantum effects dominate interaction of these particles and they form the quantum condensate. Under influence of gravitation, the condensate is forming galaxies and producing ordinary matter, including photons. As one important result of this activity, it recently created us, the people, and continues to support us. Particularly, our subjective experiences are a result of an interaction between the background condensate and the neural system of the brain. The action potentials of neural system create traps and coherent dynamic patterns in the dipolar condensate. So, our subjective experiences are graviton-based, which can open new directions of research in biology and medicine.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[840] viXra:1705.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-25 23:12:56

The Theoretical Model of God: Proof of the Existence and of the Uniqueness of God

Authors: Temur Z. Kalanov
Comments: 13 Pages.

The work is devoted to the 21st century’s most urgent problem: the problem of existence of God. The theoretical proof of the existence and of the uniqueness of God, based on the correct method of knowledge – unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics, – is proposed. This proof represents a theoretical model of God: a system of axioms from which the principle of existence and of uniqueness of God is deduced. The principle runs as follows: God exists as the Absolute, the Creator, the Governor of the essence (information) and of the phenomenon (material manifestation of information). The theoretical model of man and the formulation of the principle of development of Mankind – as consequences of the model of God – are proposed as well. The main conclusion is as follows: the principle of the existence and of the uniqueness of God represents absolute scientific truth and, consequently, should be a starting-point and a basis of the 21st century’s correct sciences.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[839] viXra:1705.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-24 00:04:07

Man Vs. Computer: Difference of the Essences. the Problem of the Scientific Creation

Authors: Temur Z. Kalanov
Comments: 26 Pages.

The critical analysis of the problem of creation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is proposed. The unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics is the methodological basis of the analysis. The main results of the analysis are as follows: (1) the model of man represents the unity of the two material aspects: “physiological body” (controllable aspect) and “psychical body” (controlling aspect); (2) the “psychical body” is the subsystem “subconsciousness + consciousness”; (3) in the comprehensive sense of the word, the thinking is an attribute of the complete system “physiological body + psychical body + environment”. (3) in the broad sense of the word, thinking and creativity are an essential feature of the subsystem “subconsciousness + consciousness”; (4) in the narrow (concise) sense of the word, thinking and creativity are the attribute of the instinct of the conservation (preservation, retention, maintenance) of life (i.e., the self-preservation instinct, the survival instinct); the instinct of the conservation of life exists in subconsciousness; (5) the instinct of the conservation of life is a system of elementary (basic) instincts; thinking is the attribute of the each elementary instinct; (6) the mechanism of thinking and the essence of creation cannot be cognized by man; (7) a computer as a device cannot think and create (in particular, it cannot prove theorems) because a computer does not have the subconsciousness; (8) the modeling of human thinking, Human Intellect, and the creation of AI and AGI are the impossible because the essential properties of the complete system “man + environment” cannot be cognized and modeled; (9) the existence of AI and AGI conflicts with the essence of the thinking; (10) the existence of AI and AGI contradict to formal-logical and rational-dialectical laws.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[838] viXra:1705.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-22 14:39:03

A Joint Language-Cognitive Computational Approach to WITTGENSTEIN’S Tractatus

Authors: Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here we make clear a striking correlation between Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, that assesses the logical relationships between language and world, and the successful Perlovsky’s joint language-cognitive model, that assesses the relationships between language by one side, and the knowledge instinct correlated with basic and aesthetic emotions by another side. This allows us to appraise the invaluable but dismissed Tractatus’ content in terms of the neurocomputational, mathematical techniques at hand. Therefore, the second Wittgenstein, who abandoned his previous philosophical framework, was wrong: the human language and the cognitive world can still be assessed in terms on the logic armor described by the Tractatus.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[837] viXra:1705.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-21 23:04:19

Adam Smith: An Intellectual Giant Ignored in Latin-America

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 33 Pages.

This philosophical essay contrasts the difference in industrial/social development between the Latin-American nations and those of the developed First World, and attributes the origin of such differences to the lack of relevance that the teaching of Adam Smith have been given in those nations by their Academia and political classes. It starts with a good summary of Smith economic ideas as expressed in his book "The Wealth of Nations." Then some of those ideas are extrapolated, such as analyzing the survival value of the "trading gene" present in our species and no other (as Adam Smith keenly observed,) and also introducing the conception of modeling world wide trading as a artificial neural network, leading to the concept of human "supraintelligence" as the product of such network. Also, the philosophical battle against those that along history have sought to equate poverty with virtue, is examined, as well as the philosophical duel at the times of the Economics Enlightenment between Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire, another intellectual giant rather ignored by Latin-American Academia. At the end we retake Adam Smith ideas as the conclusion of such philosophical duel.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[836] viXra:1705.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-20 17:00:31

Simplified Mathematical Method to Compare the Ordinary R&D Teams and Single Experts

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 4 Pages.

The human factor is very important if the high-level R&D skills are needed (“Intellectuals solve problems, geniuses prevent them.” - Albert Einstein). Many people believe more in the power of teamwork than in “myths” of the lone genius [1]. However, if a project goal can be successfully achieved just by one high-skilled professional, it is not wise to delegate this duty to a group of low-skilled persons (“A great engineer is worth 100 average engineers.” - Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg [2]). Generally, the dilemma “ordinary team or single expert” is of frequent interest for R&D organizations. In this paper, an approximate mathematical approach has been developed to estimate the critical (minimum) size of an ordinary R&D team that can be more successful than a single expert. As a result, this method could help to resolve the “hire or not hire” issue.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[835] viXra:1705.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-09 04:11:47

Open Peer Review to Save the World

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 9 Pages.

Humanity faces many dangers from climate change and wars to asteroid impacts that could harm our future. Often logical reasoning does not seem to play a strong part in discussions on such subjects and even peer-review is flawed. I contend that the solution is a better system of open peer-review.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[834] viXra:1705.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-02 10:08:32

Morphing Triple Winglets

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. NextGen aeronautics and aerodynamics

Morphing triple winglets enhance flight, reduce fuel consumption, increase flight range, negate turbulence effects, prevent stall and crash.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[833] viXra:1705.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-01 15:57:00

Rotorcraft

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. NextGen helicopter

Amphibious VTOL hover (inflatable) tilt rotorcraft This is a multimodal land-sea-air rotorcraft, combining the properties of a hover craft and helicopter.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[832] viXra:1705.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-01 16:03:47

6th Generation Fighter Jet

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. NextGen fighter jet

Fighter ramjet This is a 6th generation morphing fighter jet.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[831] viXra:1705.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-01 16:11:27

Superwing with Morphing Triple Winglets

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. Nextgen aircraft wing and winglets design

Forward swept wing with morphing triple winglets. This is a superwing for NextGen superjet.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[830] viXra:1704.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-25 16:57:03

PHPR Preconditions

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 2 Pages.

A waiting period...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[829] viXra:1704.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-25 03:13:45

A Neutrosophic Binomial Factorial Theorem with their Refrains

Authors: Huda E. Khalid, Florentin Smarandache, Ahmed K. Essa
Comments: 5 Pages.

The Neutrosophic Precalculus and the Neutrosophic Calculus can be developed in many ways, depending on the types of indeterminacy one has and on the method used to deal with such indeterminacy. This article is innovative since the form of neutrosophic binomial factorial theorem was constructed in addition to its refrains.Two other important theorems were proven with their corollaries, and numerical examples as well. As a conjecture, we use ten (indeterminate) forms in neutrosophic calculus taking an important role in limits. To serve article's aim, some important questions had been answered.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[828] viXra:1704.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-22 07:37:34

The Use of Known False Principles in Science

Authors: Clayton James Conway
Comments: 4 Pages.

A criticism of science and the unconscious manner that the Science Establishment use false logic and facts to uphold an adopted worldview to drive and stabilize the whole range of science endeavors. Human consciousness is the main component while the herd mentality is used to achieve popular consensus from the majority of societies non participants. An inability of scientists to accept basic facts and let go of a failed worldview as Kepler did. Illogics: Geologies use of two lengths of periods for one depth measurement. The use of Newton's one time corrective as a general procedure. Failure to use the rules of algebra in Einstein's equation. Faster than light gravity. Materialism requiring solidity that does not exist. The use of attraction that requires charge in a universe denied of having active charge. Denial of repelling that does not require charge. The Earth and Moon having the same charge facing each other that requires charged repelling. The sun and inner planets acting as a unit ignoring Jupiter's mass. Circular logic used to defend the adopted worldview.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[827] viXra:1704.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-21 17:50:53

Le Comete

Authors: P.F. Nali
Comments: 14 pages, in Italian. This article derived from a school homework written in the late 70s and posted on the author's webpage in 2005. It is now posted here in order to ensure wider diffusion.

As a result of a school homework some historical and physical issues on comets are presented at an amateur level.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[826] viXra:1704.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-22 01:33:53

A 100 Year Task That Involve Seven Impossible Tasks

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 6 Pages.

The First Task.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[825] viXra:1704.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-16 20:26:30

Scienza e Complessità: W. Weaver 1947

Authors: Warren Weaver, P.F. Nali
Comments: 11 pages, in Italian, reproduced under permission of Am. Sc. on Jan. 23, 2004 on the SISSA online magazine "Biblioteca dei 500" in website "ULISSE - nella rete della scienza". It is posted at this time as the website has discontinued service in Jan. 2011.

It is proposed here in the Italian version the seminal paper in which Weaver introduced the concept of complexity in modern science.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[824] viXra:1704.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-16 21:05:19

The Armageddon Scenario: War-Game

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

And its resolution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[823] viXra:1704.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-15 00:49:16

The Omega-Kardeschev Scale

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

An interplay.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[822] viXra:1704.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-12 10:33:52

Animatus

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 189 Pages.

Philip M. Emrus er taget på en sidste rejse til Firenze. Den verdenskendte palæoantropolog er lige så skarp og åndsfrisk som han altid har været. Men hans krop er gammel, og helbredet skrøbeligt efter at have levet et langt og rigt liv. Emrus har ingen illusioner om, at hans dage er talte, og det havde han egentlig affundet sig med. Men en bekendt fra fortiden har sat ham stævne her i Renæssancens oprindelsessted. En bemærkelsesværdig kvinde fra fortiden ønsker at give ham et tilbud der kan forandre alt. Det er et dristigt tilbud, der ikke alene kan redde ham og give en ny chance i livet. Det er også et tilbud, der vil rokke ved manges opfattelse af hvad det vil sige at være menneske. Emrus kan genvinde livets gave, men også vende op og ned på mange indgroede forestillinger om det levede liv. Det vil udfordre manges opfattelse af grænser, og hvor langt mennesker egentlig har ret til at gå med at bestemme over egne liv.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[821] viXra:1704.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-11 13:45:25

The New Socioeconomic Formation “Solidarism” Would in 2015-25 Years

Authors: Feliks Royzenman
Comments: 6 Pages.

As it is shown by the author on basis of the discovered law of acceleration of development in the nature and society, the financial crisis getting underway is a prologue to a fundamental crisis of the mankind related to the latest changeover of socioeconomic formations which, according to the formula acceleration of public development, shall occur in 2015-25. But if the formations changeover occurs sporadically, as before, it may turn out into a bloody revolution which can lead to extinction of the human civilization. To avoid it, a model of the new society and strategy of urgent construction of this model were developed. Key words: acceleration of development, systemic crisis, socioeconomic formation, model of the future formation, strategy of formation construction.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

Replacements of recent Submissions

[189] viXra:1709.0425 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-29 21:08:01

Social Ecology in the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A social ecological resolution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[188] viXra:1709.0081 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-19 19:29:17

Fine Soccer(3)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 81 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[187] viXra:1708.0240 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-30 04:15:40

Independent Partial Circuit in P vs NP Problem

Authors: Koji KOBAYASHI
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper describes about complexity of NP problems by using “Effective circuit”, and divide class P and NP. Inputs of circuit family that compute P problem have some symmetry that indicated circuit structure. To clarify this symmetry, we define “Effective circuit” as partial circuit which are necessary to compute target inputs. Effective circuit set divide problem to some symmetric partial problems. The other hand, inputs of NTM that compute NP problem have extra implicit symmetry that indicated nondeterministic transition functions. To clarify this implicit symmetry, we define special DTM “Concrete DTM : Di”which index i correspond to selection of nondeterministic transition functions. That is, NTM split many different asymmetry DTM Di and compute all Di in same time. Consider Di and effective circuit set, circuit family [SAT] that solve SAT problem have to include all effective circuit set [Di] that correspond to Di. [Di] have unique gate and [SAT] must include all [Di]. Number of [Di] is over polynomial size of input. Therefore, [SAT] is over polynomial size, and P is not NP.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[186] viXra:1707.0314 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-24 20:19:57

Fine Soccer(2)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 26 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[185] viXra:1707.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-21 15:40:10

Resolution to the Liar Paradox.

Authors: Ameet Sharma
Comments: 7 Pages.

We present a resolution to the liar paradox. The basic idea is that the liar sentence is ambiguous. Depending on the method of analysis of the liar sentence, it can express a true proposition, a false proposition or no proposition at all. There is no logical contradiction since we never get two truth values for the same proposition. We can avoid this problem of ambiguous sentences by always using the same rules of analysis for a sentence every time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[184] viXra:1705.0112 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-24 20:18:18

Fine Soccer

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 60 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[183] viXra:1704.0278 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-22 20:06:18

A 100 Year Task That Involve Seven Impossible Task

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 7 Pages.

The First Task.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[182] viXra:1704.0188 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-16 05:52:07

The Omega-Kardeschev Scale

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

An interplay.
Category: General Science and Philosophy