General Science and Philosophy

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[892] viXra:1802.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-17 10:12:33

The Cult of Mountains, Exact Geostructures, and Cybernetic Aspects of Physics

Authors: Yu. N. Bratkov
Comments: 14 pages, Russian. Consciousness and Physical Reality, 2003, v. 8, N 5, pp. 40-51.

The main ideas of "Theory of Hyperobjects" (viXra:1207.0079) and new results. Mathematical (topological) modelling in mythology, with applications to geology. Some new classes of physical objects are described. Cybernetic level of geology (planetology) is demonstrated. The existence of the ideal preimage of the Earth is demonstrated.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[891] viXra:1802.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-14 08:39:29

Theory of Everything, Ultimate Reality and the End of Humanity: Extended Sustainability by the Universal Science of Complexity

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 5 pages, abstract and extended abstract of a book,,-ultimate-reality-and-the-end-of-humanity/isbn/978-3-659-31673-9

Instead of postulated fixed structures and abstract principles of usual positivistic science, the unreduced diversity of living world reality is consistently derived as dynamically emerging results of unreduced interaction process development, starting from its simplest configuration of two coupled homogeneous protofields. The dynamically multivalued, or complex and intrinsically chaotic, nature of these real interaction results extends dramatically the artificially reduced, dynamically single-valued projection of standard theory and solves its stagnating old and accumulating new problems, “mysteries” and “paradoxes” within the unified and causally complete picture of intrinsically evolving, dynamically complex reality. The permanently unfolding complexity progress thus revealed is fundamentally unlimited and does not need to stop at the directly observed diversity of usual matter complexity. The exciting, but rigorously substantiated and objectively inevitable prospects of further civilisation complexity development towards its superior levels of genuine sustainability and global Noosphere are outlined, with practically important conclusions for today’s critical problem solution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[890] viXra:1802.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 13:37:08

A Brief Note on Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: H.Q. Armstrong
Comments: 1 Page.

Existence supersedes non-existence
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[889] viXra:1802.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-08 03:40:15

Theorem of not Independence of Any Technological Innovation

Authors: Coccia Mario
Comments: 11 Pages.

The theorem of not independence of any technological innovation states that in the long run, the behavior and evolution of any technological innovation is not independent from the behavior and evolution of the other technological innovations. The philosophical foundations of this theory are concepts from systems science and architecture of complexity. The theoretical implications of this theorem is that technological innovations form systems of inter-related technologies with fundamental interactions of physical and social factors. In particular, any technological innovation does not function as an independent system per se, but each innovation depends on the other technological innovations to form a complex system of parts that interact and coevolve in a non-simple way. The theorem of not independence of any technological innovation can explain and generalize, whenever possible, one of the characteristics of the evolution of technology that generates technological and economic change in human society.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[888] viXra:1802.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-01 11:45:52

The BioDARPA Concept

Authors: Ilya Klabukov
Comments: 12 Pages.

The dramatic development of biomedical technologies inevitably raises a question of the increasing “gap” between basic biomedical discoveries and their use in clinical practice. Created in 1958 with the same purpose, DARPA has had to bridging the gap in defense technologies (mostly in rocket and radar sciences). Today we can talk about the relevance of the idea of “biomedical DARPA” (BioDARPA) as a concept of organizational design for priority research and development of emerging biotechnologies.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[887] viXra:1801.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-27 13:01:47

Endosymbiosis in Late Stage Stellar Evolution According to the General Theory

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is explained that endosymbiosis happened as a result of the collapse of "bioclines" in the interior of a star as it loses its thick atmosphere in later stages of evolution. This paper is meant to combine both endosymbiosis with the general theory's principles which include life evolving on stars as they evolve.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[886] viXra:1801.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 22:40:08

Chronology of my Papers

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 20 Pages. addressing possible issues of priority

An approximate chronology (original dates) of my papers is presented, with some biographical notes. A chronology of translation requests is also given.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[885] viXra:1801.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-15 05:10:11

Conquering Strangeness-the Universe in us

Authors: Michael Muteru
Comments: 9 Pages.

When Beauty runs deeper than the skin, it’s a truth, if the truth adds up to simplicity that’s elegance. After all complexity is the sun total of repeated simplicity & behind every complex system lays a simple beautiful principle that makes it work. Like tortoise carries shell on its back. Do we carry the universe in our heads? I later invoke U-Duality to examine symmetries on a circle at D=11 and reveal why space-time on a Brane is tantamount to that on a brain.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[884] viXra:1801.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 22:28:28

The Future Science Institute (Volume two issue 2016-2017)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 304 Pages.

This journal is not a popular journal for public, it is a professional research level journal for scientist and artist, even for litterateur. It focus on many topics in mainstream science, especially for future science. Since this journal is very complicated and professional, so we use the “problem-proposed problem-analysis problem-solving” mode to explain our research,to make readers easier to understand. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this journal, it is better for you to study the problems mentioned in this journal carefully. To write down your unusual solutions for these problems after you have read them. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this journal can be mail to author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[883] viXra:1801.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 14:00:13

Covert Channel by Abusing X509 Extensions

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 11 Pages. Malware; x509 Certificate; SSL; TLS; Botnet; Security

Malicious actors in the world are using more ingenuity than ever for both data infiltration and exfiltration purposes, also known as command and control communications. In this paper I aim to describe a system that could be used to send or receive data from both a client and a server perspective utilizing research into x509 certificates specifically in areas where you can place arbitrary binary data into the certificate or utilizing them as a covert channel. While lots of attention is given to data infiltration and exfiltration techniques they are commonly done so after they’ve been used in an incident, making this area of cyber security very retroactive in a defensive posture. The aim in presenting this material is to demonstrate that we can take some lessons from the other areas of cyber security research, namely exploitation, and look at potential use cases in how malware authors could utilize technologies outside of their intended purposes to not only accomplish their goals but also end up bypassing common security measures in the process. Doing this sort of research can lead to more advances in defensive security postures by spurring discussions in the community on how a technique either does or doesn’t bypass security measures.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[882] viXra:1712.0677 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-31 15:07:39

The Fractal Generator of Spacetimes

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 74 Pages. Most recent version of my research in 5D space-time

The Universe is a fractal of 5 Dimensions of space-time that reproduces information and then self-organizes networks and systems that evolve into superorganisms in all scales of reality. The metric equation of the fifth dimension of space-time is simple as all space-time metric are: S (size in space) x T (speed of time clocks) = Constant. So smaller parts have more speed of time clocks which carry its in-form-ation in the form and frequency of its cycles, coding larger systems: genes code cells, memes code social organisms and particles' quantum numbers code physical systems. But larger forms have more spatial energy and enclose and control in synchronicity its faster smaller parts, creating the co-existing scales and symbiotic cycles of super organisms in any 'stience' of space time organisms. It also allows systems to travel through its scales by growing in size, while diminishing in time speed, as we do from birth as a fast reproducing seminal cell which emerges with slower clocks as an organism, part of a superorganism, mother earth, which has even slower geological cycles
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[881] viXra:1712.0555 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-21 12:43:25

On the Fundamentals of Fernan's Physical Theory

Authors: Fernando Sánchez-Escribano Pérez
Comments: 12 Pages.

This text summarizes the fundamentals of Fernan´s Physical Theory.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[880] viXra:1712.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-13 12:40:41

“The Information as Absolute” Conception: Marxism and “now”

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this paper the some problems of relevance of Marxism in applications to recent societies are considered in framework of the “The Information as Absolute” conception
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[879] viXra:1712.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-13 15:09:00

Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna with Reactive Load Design for Wireless Local Area Network Application

Authors: Basim Khalaf Jarullah Al-Shammari
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents a design of microstrip antenna for IEEE 802.11b and for IEEE 802.11g using a nearly square patch antenna, excited by a standard miniature adapter probe feed line. The patch and ground plane are separated by a substrate; the radiating patch is loaded by a central shorting pin and feeding probe loaded by a series capacitor. This antenna has a wide bandwidth in the frequency band of (WLAN) and with a return loss ≤ −10 dB from 2.4 GHz to 2.48 GHz exhibits circularly polarized far-field radiation pattern. The proposed antennas have been simulated and analyzed using method of moments (MoM) based software package Microwave Office 2008 v8.0. The results show that the bandwidth of the antenna increases by using reactive load. The simulated gain of the antenna is over 6 dB.‬ IEEE802.11b ‫و‬ IEEE802.11g
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[878] viXra:1712.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 00:55:05

Proposed Civilization Scale

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

Instead of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement based on energy consumption point of view, I believe it is more appropriate on it's capability of commanding the cycle and recycle of energy and matter; or based on the knowledge and technology of mastering the energy and matter:

  1. Type 0 Civilization: Parasitic;
  2. Type I: Energy Mastery;
  3. Type II: Energy and Matter Mastery, achieving mastery of energy and matter.

Category: General Science and Philosophy

[877] viXra:1712.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 06:22:28

The Essence of Liberation

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 6 Pages.

The highest realms of philosophy and human thought, a lifestyle capable of granting liberation is beautifully encapsulated in a single verse of the Lord's word, the Bhagavad Gita.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[876] viXra:1712.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 13:59:54

Reply to Paper Http:// of Cental Hypothesis Paper Http://

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 11 Pages.

respone to paper of Gergő Cosmin Tudor Jr. viXra:1712.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-08 06:56:46
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[875] viXra:1712.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-08 06:56:46

Proof of Existence of the Florentin Smarandache: a Response to Vixra 1712.0346v1

Authors: Gergő Cosmin Tudor Jr.
Comments: 63 Pages.

ABSTRACT Existence of Florentin Smarandache is proven. Here we present Smarandachean interaction in the forms of 3 (three) letters from author to FLorentin Smarandache and one (1) letter from Florentin Smadaranche to author. The letters have were re-translated to English for readings conveniences and popularism. It is a proof of strong freindship and hencw the existence of he is proven; henceworth refuting calomnious claims of vixra 1712.0346v1 . Apology for poor English.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[874] viXra:1712.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-07 11:22:20

The Smarandache Incident

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 12 Pages.

CONJECTRE: Mathematician of "Florentin Smarandache" is acual of art project of Moldova 1990 is has gone spiralled "out-of-control" of beyond origianl creators
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[873] viXra:1712.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 18:26:23

Emergence of the Laws of Nature in the Developing Universe 1a

Authors: Evgeny A Novikov
Comments: 11 Pages.

Evolution of our universe with continuous production of matter by the vacuum, is described. The analysis is based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), supported by the cosmic data without fitting. Various types of matter are selected by the vacuum in accordance with stability of the developing universe. All laws of nature are emergent and approximate, including the conservation of energy. The (3+1)-dimensional space-time and gravity were selected first. Than came quantum condensate of gravitons (dark matter). Photons and other ordinary matter were selected much later during formation of galaxies, when the background condensate becomes gravitationally unstable. The effect of radiation on the global dynamics is described in terms of conservation of the enthalpy density. Mass of neutrino (as the first massive fermionic particle) is estimated, in accord with experimental bound. The electric dipole moment of neutrino is also estimated. The oscillations of neutrinos are explained in terms of interaction with background condensate. The phenomena of subjective experiences are also explained in terms of interaction of the action potentials of neurons with the background dipolar condensate, which opens a new window into the dark sector of matter. The Qmoger theory goes beyond the Standard Model and the Quantum Field Theory, but can be combined with their achievements. Key words: quantum modification of general relativity, emergence of the laws of nature, isenthalpic universe, oscillating neutrinos, subjective experiences and dark sector of matter.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[872] viXra:1711.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-30 11:00:58

Classification of the Sciences

Authors: Arsen A. Movsesyan
Comments: 8 Pages.

The article provides a solution to the problem of classification of the Sciences. This long-standing and important problem is solved on the basis of a new theory of cognition, which is built proceeding from some general physical representations and heuristic glance at the basics of General Psychology. The criteria for completeness of the foundation of any cognitive system and any research, which are critical for classification of the Sciences is also formulated and justified. Relevant disciplines of the physical, psychical and informational levels, as well as the Social Sciences in relation of society are represented in tabular form.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[871] viXra:1711.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-25 11:08:03

Origin of Species by Charles Darwin vs. Stellar Metamorphosis: Absence or Rarity of Transitional Varieties

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 illustration

A short parallel is drawn up between Darwin's Origin of Species and stellar metamorphosis in relation to the absence or rarity of transitional varieties. It is made clear in this paper that both are quite similar in their trouble, but can both be explained in light of their own progresses.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[870] viXra:1711.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-24 13:01:57

The Hypothesis of Descending Mind

Authors: Konstantin M. Golubev
Comments: 20 Pages.

It is a try to present a view on intellectual evolution using systems analysis. Intellect is considered as a system of interacting elements organized to achieve one or more stated purposes. The author started research on intellect modeling in 1986, realized several applied projects and published papers on theory and practice of intellect modeling in Russia (1), Italy (2), Great Britain (3), France and Germany (4). The hypothesis is in no way connected with any religion, because it does not presume existence of entities not belonging to our world. The assumption is that intellectual evolution could appear on much more wider scale than it was supposed previously. As a prediction for Humankind the role it plays could be much bigger than only resources wasting. The facts used are widely known and some references are included to show that it is not a pure speculation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[869] viXra:1711.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-23 22:03:52

Self-Realization: The Supreme Worship

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 1 Page.

The highest height of thought, philosophy and worship, the cognizance of the Self and the Truth, is outlined.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[868] viXra:1711.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 15:26:10

Journey to the End of GÖDEL Theorems

Authors: Colin James III, James F Peters, Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 6 Pages.

The two theorems for incompleteness and completeness developed by Gödel in the 1930’s provoked a conceptual revolution in the history of mankind. The claim that not all truths can be demonstrated had a pervasive and enduring influence, leading to deep relativistic standpoints in physics, biology, philosophy and social sciences. Here, based on recently-developed logic tools, we demonstrate that the two Gödel theorems are not tautologous, and hence are unworkable.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[867] viXra:1711.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-05 03:09:20

Utopianism and the Sciences

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

Utopian science and its own sake.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[866] viXra:1711.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 08:24:04

The Principle of Maximal Geochemical Activity (MGA)

Authors: Vladimir Aksayskiy
Comments: 3 Pages.

The Principle of Maximal Geochemical Activity MGA is included in “trial and error method” – the instrument to search a new. From what I know today, the greatest predictive power has the principle of maximum geochemical activity. Activity in the broadest sense: material, energy, informative. In the Russian-language scientific literature, it was first clearly stated by academician V.I. Vernadsky. All living things on the planet throughout their milliards of years’ existence obey this principle and develop in accordance with it. According to V. I. Vernadsky, it is the empirical regularity that has never been broken on the planet. There were stops, but there was no return.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[865] viXra:1710.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 18:44:15

Will We Ever Have a Purely Mathematical Proof of the Existence of the Universe?

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 13 Pages.

Suppose for a moment that physicists discovered the formulation of the ultimate theory of everything (ToE) which explains all physical phenomenas. This is a remarkable achievement no doubt. But, what is to stop someone from asking; “Why this theory and not another?”. In other words, can it prove its own uniqueness? Surely this question will be asked. Some, like myself, would consider this question to be one of the most philosophically important questions of the theory. So, what requirements must an eventual ToE have to be able to provide an answer to this very question?
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[864] viXra:1710.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-28 15:36:47

Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe vs. Stellar Metamorphosis: Is Panspermia Necessary?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

This paper will address the perceived necessity of ideas surrounding panspermia and all its variants in light of the general theory.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[863] viXra:1710.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-02 21:52:10

Principia Qualia

Authors: Michael E Johnson
Comments: 86 Pages.

Philosophers have been wondering the nature of consciousness (what it feels like to have subjective experience) and qualia (individual components of subjective experience) for as long as Philosophy has existed. Advancements in physics and neuroscience have informed and constrained this mystery, but have not solved it. What would a systematic solution to the mystery of consciousness look like? Part I begins by grounding this topic by considering a concrete question: what makes some conscious experiences more pleasant than others? We first review what’s known about the neuroscience of pain & pleasure, find the current state of knowledge narrow, inconsistent, and often circular, and conclude we must look elsewhere for a systematic framework (Sections I & II). We then review the Integrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness and several variants of IIT, and find each of them promising, yet also underdeveloped and flawed (Sections III-V). We then take a step back and distill what kind of problem consciousness is . Importantly, we offer eight sub-problems whose solutions would, in aggregate, constitute a c omplete theory of consciousness (Section VI). Armed with this framework, in Part II we return to the subject of pain & pleasure (valence) and offer some assumptions, distinctions, and heuristics to clarify and constrain the problem (Sections VII-IX). Of particular interest, we then offer a specific hypothesis on what valence is (Section X) and several novel empirical predictions which follow from this (Section XI). Part III finishes with discussion of how this general approach may inform open problems in neuroscience, and the prospects for building a new science of qualia (Sections XII & XIII). Lastly, we identify further research threads within this framework (Appendices A-F).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[862] viXra:1710.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 09:50:48

Prospects of Modern Wood Gas Cogeneration Renewable Energy Supply in Japan - Case Study of ICU

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer, Mark Langager, Nobyuki Miyazaki, Takashi Kibe
Comments: 8 figures, 1 table, 2.5 pages of references.

In this article we introduce scalable modern commercial wood gas cogeneration technology of micro scale, beginning at 35-45 kW electric power, scalable up to 800kW electric power, as offered by several international companies. Cogeneration means to use both electricity and heat, which leads to an overall efficiency of converting the chemical energy in wood of up to 90%. We discuss aspects of technology, systainability, forest ecology, local and international fuel quality standards, long term cost efficiency, potential for attracting various forms of official financial support and potential risks involved. In particular we make the general study concrete in the form of a case study on renewable energy supply for the International Christian University campus in Mitaka, western Tokyo. Changing scale parameters in order to adapt to the local energy demand, we expect that this case study can be transferred to other schools, universities, institutions, businesses and buildings in Japan. We further try to address the question as to what contribution this technology can make to the future national renewable energy supply in Japan.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[861] viXra:1710.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 10:04:57

Christ Centered Stewardship for the Environment

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer
Comments: Japanese summary at beginning. 2 pages of references.

The recent Encyclical Laudato Si by Pope Francis also highlights environmental stewardship in broad terms. In contrast to this generality, our reflections particularly advance with a fresh look at the person of Christ, his role in the creation of our world as portrayed in the Bible, the origin and commission of man, and the relation of man and Christ. In this triangle of Christ, world and man, all three are appear related in the principle of Christ centered stewardship (of man) for the (created) environment. To gain insight we review some essential Biblical passage from both the Old and New Testaments. The second half of this work endeavors initial application in the fields of purchasing, building, energy, policy and education. Our approach is that of a natural scientist (of theoretical physics) and convinced Christian with interest in environmental questions.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[860] viXra:1709.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-28 19:16:00

The Internationalist Model of The Second Task

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

The establish resolution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[859] viXra:1709.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-24 12:21:17

A Pragmatic Language for Scientific Purposes

Authors: Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In order to avoid the inconsistencies that undermine the (otherwise good) legitimacy of scientific claims and to make them as accurate as possible, here we provide a few suggestions concerning the very structure of scientific propositions.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[858] viXra:1709.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-16 14:19:28

Scalar Theory of Everything Model for Steering Humanity's Growth

Authors: John C. Hodge
Comments: 12 Pages.

We are at a critical time in the evolution of our understanding of the physics of the universe and the evolution of the growth of humanity. Humans lack sufficient knowledge to predict outcomes of their actions. The long-term growth of science and humanity has been by trial-and-error. Life observations are applied to determine new science principles. The process and practice of science and the Scalar Theory of Everything model are applied to suggest how humanity can grow. New fundamental principles of science are proposed. The human species is at such a level that it must reorganize the national and international structure to allow competition and change. Inhibiting change is not an option. Nature's law is grow or die. The measure of success in nature is survival. The national military authority must obey and enforce nature's laws. Competition must be allowed between religions, between approaches to technology, between approaches to society, and between approaches to the environment. Humanity should steer the future by creating a true nation organization. The best state that humanity can achieve is to be able to adapt to changes without the destruction of war or of national collapse.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[857] viXra:1709.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-05 03:24:30

Two Rhombic Aircrafts

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. NextGen aeronautics

We show the designs of two rhombic aircrafts with gliding capabilities.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[856] viXra:1708.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-30 00:50:04

Human Papillomavirus: Cancer and Prevention, Why Doesn’t Everyone Receive HPV Vaccination?

Authors: J Mullin
Comments: 17 Pages.

Human papillomavirus is a highly transmissible through the skin to skin contact and has many strains, with strains HPV-16/18 being high-risk HPV, that is highly correlated with cervical, oropharyngeal, anal, and penile cancers. But these strains are highly preventable by using two of the available vaccines, Gardasil (2vHPV) and Gardasil 9 (9vHPV). Vaccination is between the ages of 9 to 26 years of age is recommended. But even with the advent of the vaccine, the vaccination rate in many countries remains low. Women and men who have sex with men are at higher risk for HPV-associated cancers. So why does not every eligible person receive the vaccination? Factors for apprehension include fear of early sexual behaviors, parental choice, and insufficient knowledge. But the greater good principle shows that since vaccination is for the greater good, it thus outweighs other moral objections to vaccination. It is recommended that all eligible for vaccination should receive it, regardless of sex, to add for a herd immunity and help lower HPV-associated cancer incidence.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[855] viXra:1708.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-26 11:40:29

Avoiding the Semmelweis Reflex and Worldview Lag

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The author supposes a simple idea to avoid the Semmelweis Reflex and a short explanation of the main cause due to first hand experience, backed by simple rule of influencing people in a less caustic way.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[854] viXra:1708.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 12:03:10

Venus' Surface

Authors: Taylor Jones
Comments: 1 Page. Venus, Surface

Category: General Science and Philosophy

[853] viXra:1708.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-07 00:45:43

The Ether Space-Textbook of the Future Science Institute, a Teaching Guide for Its Exercises, Notes and Open Problems(volume Two 2017-8-10—English Chinese Mixed Version)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 346 Pages.

This is a series of science textbook written by Professor Jeff, which focus on mathematics and physics only in this volume. a person who has professional research level or a student being educated in a graduate school can read our textbook without much difficulty. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this textbook, it is better for you to study all the open problems mentioned in this textbook carefully. To write down your unique solutions and opening thought for these problems after your reading. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this series can be mailed to the author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[852] viXra:1707.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-24 11:54:21

Can Machines Think? Revisited

Authors: Sakshum Gadyal
Comments: 2 Pages.

The question whether a machine can think has a special place in computer science and modern philosophy. It has avoided the clear answer as no one know what it means to 'Think'. We all experience it though. Alan Turing developed one possible approach by not answering the question directly but by comparing the actions taken by machine and a human under same circumstances(The Turing Test). However, like any other approach, Turing test is not an absolute measure of intelligence of a system. The purpose this article is simple, to approach the question directly, by giving some arguments...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[851] viXra:1707.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-20 05:15:37

Discrete Space and Zeno's Paradoxe "The Moving Rows or Stadium"

Authors: Anton Chernikov
Comments: Pages.

In this article, I consider the construction of a model of a physical space with discrete space, matter and time. For such a space, the emergence of a contradiction of the analogous Zeno’s paradoxe "Stadium" is shown. I show the elimination of the contradiction of this paradoxe with the introduction of the concept of the order of time’s motion. The assumption about influence of time’s motion on transfer of the information about location of a matter in space that in turn can influence the future arrangement of a matter in space is advanced.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

Replacements of recent Submissions

[193] viXra:1801.0085 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-13 21:03:02

Fine Soccer(4)

Authors: Morio kikuchi
Comments: 296 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[192] viXra:1801.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2018-02-09 23:11:39

The True Human Condition

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 8 Pages. Published by AAAS at

My article began as a very short 250 words inspired by astrophysicist Jeff Hester's (pro-evolution) pages on entropy (Astronomy magazine - Oct. and Nov. 2017 - and The letter I wrote pointed out evolution's pluses (eg adaptations) and minuses (regarding origins). It went on to speak of a human, scientific, entirely natural explanation for what is called God. It proposes that the true human condition after death and before birth is as a member of the Elohim - a name used for God in the Old Testament which, according to World Book Encyclopedia, means the PLURAL MAJESTY OF THE ONE GOD. This led to a few hundred more words about why some people call an entirely natural process "supernatural". I speculate that it must be because of the applications in thousands of years of finding a successful theory of quantum gravity (union of quantum mechanics and Einstein's theory of gravity - general relativity). Like quantum mechanics and gravitation, those apps would include all space and all time, and would undoubtedly be as mysterious to us as our technology would initially be to the builders of Egypt's first pyramids. In years past, the denial of divine beings by science may have been logical. But times sometimes change radically. Such a paradigm shift seems to be upon us now, with the recent discovery of gravitational waves and the anticipation of quantum gravity. In changing times, scientists and philosophers and everyone must always keep open minds. Of course, proposing that the human condition after death and before birth is as a member of the Elohim means that humans of the far distant future must be capable of the creation attributed to God by many people throughout the centuries. Therefore, a subsection entitled Creation Of The Infinite, Eternal Cosmos Using Electronic BITS, Pi And Imaginary Time has been added to the end of this article.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[191] viXra:1712.0437 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-21 07:57:25

“The Information as Absolute” Conception: Marxism and “now”

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: This version consists of two variants in one file: English, pages 1-12; and Russian? Pages 13-26

Abstract In this paper the some problems of relevance of Marxism in applications to recent societies are considered in framework of the “The Information as Absolute” conception.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[190] viXra:1709.0081 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-07 21:27:07

Fine Soccer(3)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 81 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[189] viXra:1708.0240 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-30 04:15:40

Independent Partial Circuit in P vs NP Problem

Authors: Koji KOBAYASHI
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper describes about complexity of NP problems by using “Effective circuit”, and divide class P and NP. Inputs of circuit family that compute P problem have some symmetry that indicated circuit structure. To clarify this symmetry, we define “Effective circuit” as partial circuit which are necessary to compute target inputs. Effective circuit set divide problem to some symmetric partial problems. The other hand, inputs of NTM that compute NP problem have extra implicit symmetry that indicated nondeterministic transition functions. To clarify this implicit symmetry, we define special DTM “Concrete DTM : Di”which index i correspond to selection of nondeterministic transition functions. That is, NTM split many different asymmetry DTM Di and compute all Di in same time. Consider Di and effective circuit set, circuit family [SAT] that solve SAT problem have to include all effective circuit set [Di] that correspond to Di. [Di] have unique gate and [SAT] must include all [Di]. Number of [Di] is over polynomial size of input. Therefore, [SAT] is over polynomial size, and P is not NP.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[188] viXra:1707.0314 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-24 20:19:57

Fine Soccer(2)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 26 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy