General Science and Philosophy

1511 Submissions

[9] viXra:1511.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-26 05:43:57

Richard AVENARIUS’ “KRITIK Der Reinen ERFHARUNG”: the English Translation

Authors: Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 7 Pages.

The French-Swiss Professor in inductive philosophy Richard Avenarius (Paris, 1843- Zurich, 1896) and also the father of empirio-criticism together with Ernst Mach, is one of the most underrated and misunderstood philosophers ever. Nevertheless, influenced by the most innovative proposals of his times of transition between the idealistic/rationalist legacies and the new materialistic/scientific interpretation of the reality – i.e, by cultural evolutionism, linguistics, biomechanics, entropy/energy theories and, above all, by the newborn experimental psychology -, he produced a complete and innovative system of philosophy, aiming at investigate the laws of knowledge. Chunks of his original ideas can be found not only in theories of mind/brain after him - such as Gestalt, phenomenalism, behaviourism, functionalism and cybernetics, autopoiesis, dynamical systems theory, embedded/embodied approaches – but also in current neuroscientific approaches – nervous transduction, electric spikes, neural code, multisensory integration, free-energy principle -. Our aim is to provide the first chronological English summary of his masterpiece, the German-written “Kritik”, thus giving the possibility to the (almost) totally unaware English speakers to appreciate such a neglected and innovative thinker. The two books of the “Kritik der reinen Erfahrung” (Critique of Pure Experience), published respectively in 1888 and 1890, comprise a prologue and three parts, divided in 1040 short paragraphs. Each quoted paragraph will be put in bracket [ ]. In order to avoid Avenarius’ technicalities, we will use a simplified idiom. If he were alive today, I would have not agreed with such an oversimplification: indeed, the neologisms he used were partly necessary for the denomination of new phenomena, but partly resulted from the extreme care he took to prevent all possible changes as well in physiological as in psychological theories. We however hope he will forgive us: a better comprehension of his theory will make him a favour.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[8] viXra:1511.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-23 04:11:56

The Future Science Institute (Volume I issue 2012-2013)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 276 Pages.

This journal is not a popular journal for public, it is a professional research level journal for scientist and artist, even for litterateur. It focus on many topics in mainstream science, especially for future science. Since this journal is very complicated and professional, so we use the “problem-proposed problem-analysis problem-solving” mode to explain our research,to make readers easier to understand. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this journal, it is better for you to study the problems mentioned in this journal carefully. To write down your unusual solutions for these problems after you have read them. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this journal can be mail to author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[7] viXra:1511.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-20 04:28:56

The Future Science Institute (Volume I issue 2013-2014)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 318 Pages.

This journal is not a popular journal for public, it is a professional research level journal for scientist and artist, even for litterateur. It focus on many topics in mainstream science, especially for future science. Since this journal is very complicated and professional, so we use the “problem-proposed problem-analysis problem-solving” mode to explain our research,to make readers easier to understand. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this journal, it is better for you to study the problems mentioned in this journal carefully. To write down your unusual solutions for these problems after you have read them. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this journal can be mail to author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[6] viXra:1511.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-17 06:14:26

Judaism as Science ?

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 4 Pages.

The 4th dimension of science is explored from a Judaic point of view.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[5] viXra:1511.0129 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-17 16:55:22

Magnetic Engines For Low Orbit Leading to Development of Deep Space Transport

Authors: Jerry L. Decker
Comments: 6 Pages. A path forward in space exploration with magnetic engines

Magnetic engines are proposed for saving energy in surface to orbit launches by interacting with the magnetic field of Earth. Difficulties are discussed with proposals for ways to overcome obstacles and mitigate risk. Stability and directional control are the main design parameters. The components of the magnetic lifters are suitable for configuring a test of field effect propulsion, leading to the possibility of deep space transport.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[4] viXra:1511.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-12 12:45:03

The Theory of the Two Sciences: Bourgeois and Proletarian Science

Authors: Agustin Ostachuk
Comments: 8 Pages.

What is the relation between science and ideology? Are they incompatible, complementary or the same thing? Should science avoid “contamination” from ideology? Is there an only way to do science? Does anyone of them lead to the same results and give us the same view of the world? We will focus on the figure of Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, in order to discuss these and other relevant topics. His theories gave birth to what may be called later “the theory of the two sciences”, which entitles this work.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[3] viXra:1511.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-06 02:47:10

Gates of Healing

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 60 Pages.

The publication introduces 10 Gates of Healing.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[2] viXra:1511.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-05 04:53:00

Tœ: a Universe of ∞ Space-Time Cycles

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 87 Pages.

All systems of nature are made of time cycles that enclose a vital space with motion, creating a fractal Universe of infinite cyclical frequencies. This reality of infinite time cycles break space into inner and outer forms, which provide motion and energy of reproduction for the cycle. So we are in a broken, fractal world of ∞ time cycles, which we shall call mathematically, ‘non-Euclidean fractal points’, which interact and moves and reproduce its cycles. And we need to order them. To classify them. And this is what the 5th dimensional metrics - where the 5th dimension is the absolute sum of all of them, achieves.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1] viXra:1511.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-01 20:30:23

A Study on the Coffee Spilling Phenomena in the Low Impulse Regime

Authors: Jiwon Han
Comments: 11 Pages.

When a glass of wine is oscillated horizontally at 4Hz, the liquid surface oscillates calmly. But when the same amount of liquid is contained in a cylindrical mug and oscillated under the same conditions, the liquid starts to oscillate aggressively against the container walls and results in significant spillage. This is a manifestation of the same principles that also cause coffee spillage when we walk. In this study, we experimentally investigate the cup motion and liquid oscillation during locomotion. The frequency spectrum of each motion reveals that the second harmonic mode of the hand motion corresponds to the resonance frequency of the first antisymmetric mode of coffee oscillation, resulting in maximum spillage. By applying these experimental findings, a number of methods to suppress resonance are presented. Then, we construct two mechanical models to rationalize our experimental findings and gain further insight; both models successfully predict actual hand behaviors.
Category: General Science and Philosophy