General Science and Philosophy

1802 Submissions

[7] viXra:1802.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-23 10:24:19

Methods of Inquiry in Social Sciences: an Introduction

Authors: Coccia Mario
Comments: 18 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is an introduction to scientific methods that are organized and systematic scientific approaches used by scholars for controlled investigations and experiments to efficiently solve theoretical and practical problems, generate discoveries and/or advance scientific fields. The paper presents, briefly, the development of methods of inquiry in the philosophy of science. After that it will be discussed general methods of inquiry (deduction, induction, abduction and hypothetical-deductive) and specific models of scientific inquiry in social sciences. In general, modern research fields are multifaceted, requiring diverse processes for generating new concepts, for creating new hypothesis and performing controlled experiments. Different methods of inquiry are never contradictory, often they are complementary tools that facilitate problem solving and knowledge creation within and between research fields.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[6] viXra:1802.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-22 08:05:02

Objective Fundamental Reality Structure by the Unreduced Complexity Development

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 7 pages, 3 eqs, 16 refs; paper presented at the FQXi essay contest 2017-2018 "What Is “Fundamental”",

We explain why exactly the simplified abstract scheme of reality within the standard science paradigm cannot provide the consistent picture of “truly fundamental” reality and how the unreduced, causally complete description of the latter is regained within the extended, provably complete solution to arbitrary interaction problem and the ensuing concept of universal dynamic complexity. We emphasize the practical importance of this extension for both particular problem solution and further, now basically unlimited fundamental science development (otherwise dangerously stagnating within its traditional paradigm).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[5] viXra:1802.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-17 10:12:33

The Cult of Mountains, Exact Geostructures, and Cybernetic Aspects of Physics

Authors: Yu. N. Bratkov
Comments: 14 pages, Russian. Consciousness and Physical Reality, 2003, v. 8, N 5, pp. 40-51.

The main ideas of "Theory of Hyperobjects" (viXra:1207.0079) and new results. Mathematical (topological) modelling in mythology, with applications to geology. Some new classes of physical objects are described. Cybernetic level of geology (planetology) is demonstrated. The existence of the ideal preimage of the Earth is demonstrated.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[4] viXra:1802.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-14 08:39:29

Theory of Everything, Ultimate Reality and the End of Humanity: Extended Sustainability by the Universal Science of Complexity

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 5 pages, abstract and extended abstract of a book,,-ultimate-reality-and-the-end-of-humanity/isbn/978-3-659-31673-9

Instead of postulated fixed structures and abstract principles of usual positivistic science, the unreduced diversity of living world reality is consistently derived as dynamically emerging results of unreduced interaction process development, starting from its simplest configuration of two coupled homogeneous protofields. The dynamically multivalued, or complex and intrinsically chaotic, nature of these real interaction results extends dramatically the artificially reduced, dynamically single-valued projection of standard theory and solves its stagnating old and accumulating new problems, “mysteries” and “paradoxes” within the unified and causally complete picture of intrinsically evolving, dynamically complex reality. The permanently unfolding complexity progress thus revealed is fundamentally unlimited and does not need to stop at the directly observed diversity of usual matter complexity. The exciting, but rigorously substantiated and objectively inevitable prospects of further civilisation complexity development towards its superior levels of genuine sustainability and global Noosphere are outlined, with practically important conclusions for today’s critical problem solution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[3] viXra:1802.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 13:37:08

A Brief Note on Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: H.Q. Armstrong
Comments: 1 Page.

Existence supersedes non-existence
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[2] viXra:1802.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-08 03:40:15

Theorem of not Independence of Any Technological Innovation

Authors: Coccia Mario
Comments: 11 Pages.

The theorem of not independence of any technological innovation states that in the long run, the behavior and evolution of any technological innovation is not independent from the behavior and evolution of the other technological innovations. The philosophical foundations of this theory are concepts from systems science and architecture of complexity. The theoretical implications of this theorem is that technological innovations form systems of inter-related technologies with fundamental interactions of physical and social factors. In particular, any technological innovation does not function as an independent system per se, but each innovation depends on the other technological innovations to form a complex system of parts that interact and coevolve in a non-simple way. The theorem of not independence of any technological innovation can explain and generalize, whenever possible, one of the characteristics of the evolution of technology that generates technological and economic change in human society.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1] viXra:1802.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-01 11:45:52

The BioDARPA Concept

Authors: Ilya Klabukov
Comments: 12 Pages.

The dramatic development of biomedical technologies inevitably raises a question of the increasing “gap” between basic biomedical discoveries and their use in clinical practice. Created in 1958 with the same purpose, DARPA has had to bridging the gap in defense technologies (mostly in rocket and radar sciences). Today we can talk about the relevance of the idea of “biomedical DARPA” (BioDARPA) as a concept of organizational design for priority research and development of emerging biotechnologies.
Category: General Science and Philosophy