[2] **viXra:1404.0124 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-04-14 20:12:53*

**Authors:** Stefan Koester

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The Koester Equation, and all of its processes, quantify the "loss in progress" experienced in a data set when it undergoes an abnormality, such as a missing day in testing. This loss in progress can also be viewed as a number determining by how much that data set is skewed by an abnormality. For example, if a person were to take three of the same tests for three days in a row, an obvious positive curve in their results would be apparent. If, on the fourth day, a break was taken and no testing occurred, the results after would not be the same as if the person had just continued. This is usually known as the loss in progress, and can now be quantified using The Koester Equation.

**Category:** Statistics

[1] **viXra:1404.0082 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-04-10 20:59:23*

**Authors:** Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 123 Pages.

Neutrosophic Statistics means statistical analysis of population or sample that has indeterminate (imprecise, ambiguous, vague, incomplete, unknown) data. For example, the population or sample size might not be exactly determinate because of some individuals that partially belong to the population or sample, and partially they do not belong, or individuals whose appurtenance is completely unknown. Also, there are population or sample individuals whose data could be indeterminate.
In this book, we develop the 1995 notion of neutrosophic statistics. We present various practical examples. It is possible to define the neutrosophic statistics in many ways, because there are various types of indeterminacies, depending on the problem to solve.

**Category:** Statistics