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0807 Submissions

[12] viXra:0807.0012 [pdf] submitted on 18 Jul 2008

A Theory of Gravity Based on Quantum Clocks and Moving Space

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

A theory of gravity based on quantum clocks and moving space is proposed. The theory is based on the hypothesis of the quantum clock equivalence principle (QCEP): it is impossible for a locally isolated observer to distinguish between a red-shift in a moving inertial frame of reference and a red-shift in a reference frame that is at rest in a field of gravity, if the red-shift is all the information he has. This allows us to formulate a time-dilatation measurement based definition of the speed of space in a gravity field. The QCEP is then used to predict the frequency shift of a quantum clock at rest in a g-field, moving in a closed circular orbit and in free fall. The cosmological and quantum gravitational possibilities of the QCEP hypothesis are shortly mentioned.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11] viXra:0807.0011 [pdf] submitted on 18 Jul 2008

Biquaternion Formulation of Relativistic Tensor Dynamics

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

In this paper we show how relativistic tensor dynamics and relativistic electrodynamics can be formulated in a bi-quaternion tensor language. The treatment is restricted to mathematical physics, known facts as the Lorentz Force Law and the Lagrange Equation are presented in a relatively new formalism. The goal is to fuse anti-symmetric tensor dynamics, as used for example in relativistic electrodynamics, and symmetric tensor dynamics, as used for example in introductions to general relativity, into one single formalism: a specific kind of biquaternion tensor calculus.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10] viXra:0807.0010 [pdf] submitted on 17 Jul 2008

A Remark on an Ansatz by M.W. Evans and the so-Called Einstein-Cartan-Evans Unified Field Theory

Authors: Friedrich W. Hehl
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

M.W. Evans tried to relate the electromagnetic field strength to the torsion of a Riemann-Cartan spacetime. We show that this ansatz is untenable for at least two reasons: (i) Geometry: Torsion is related to the (external) translation group and cannot be linked to an internal group, like the U(1) group of electrodynamics. (ii) Electrodynamics: The electromagnetic field strength as a 2-form carries 6 independent components, whereas Evans' electromagnetic construct Fα is a vector-valued 2-form with 24 independent components. This doesn't match. One of these reasons is already enough to disprove the ansatz of Evans.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[9] viXra:0807.0009 [pdf] submitted on 13 Jul 2008

On Causality, Impossibility, and "The Scientific Method"

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

The ancient philosophers attempted to address science issues by reasoning conducted largely without experimentation. Scientists from Galileo onward developed "The Scientific Method", the procedure of: observations - hypothesis - experiments iterated with adjustments each iteration until a satisfactory result obtained. They also criticized the ancient philosophers for the defect of their neglect of experimentation, and rightly so. But "The Scientific Method" of modern science has its own defect, one just as severe and damaging as that of the ancients: modern science too often neglects mechanism or causation. It accepts explanations and hypotheses on the basis of experiments and predictions without treating the problem of how and why the experimental or predicted behavior occurs. Non-attending to mechanism and causation sometimes leads to seriously proposing a hypothesis that is actually physically impossible.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[8] viXra:0807.0008 [pdf] submitted on 13 Jul 2008

Matter Waves and Orbital Quantum Numbers

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

The atom's orbital electron structure in terms of quantum numbers (principal, azimuthal, magnetic and spin) results in space for a maximum of: 2 electrons in the n=1 orbit, 8 electrons in the n=2 orbit, 18 electrons in the n=3 orbit, and so on. Those dispositions are correct, but that is not because of quantum numbers nor angular momentum nor a "Pauli exclusion principle". Matter waves were discovered in the early 20th century from their wavelength, which was predicted by DeBroglie to be, Planck's constant divided by the particle's momentum, λmw = h/m.v . But, the failure to obtain a reasonable theory for the matter wave frequency resulted in loss of interest. That problem is resolved in "A Reconsideration of Matter Waves" 2 in which a reinterpretation of Einstein's derivation of relativistic kinetic energy [which produced his famous E = m.c2] leads to a valid matter wave frequency and a new understanding of particle kinetics and the atom's stable orbits. It is analytically shown that the orbital electron arrangement is enforced by the necessity of accommodating the space that each orbiting electron's matter wave occupies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[7] viXra:0807.0007 [pdf] submitted on 13 Jul 2008

Gravitational Equivalent Frequency and the Planck Length

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

The mass equivalency m.c2 = h.f applies to gravitational mass just as to inertial mass. From that, the gravitational mass has a corresponding, associated, equivalent frequency, f. Using that frequency a new result is obtained in which the significance of the Planck Length, lPl, is clarified. The Planck Length is fundamental to gravitation and in effect supercedes G in that role because it is found that there is operational or mechanical significance to the role of the Planck Length in gravitation whereas G is simply a constant of proportionality. It further is shown that the Planck Length [and, likely the Planck mass and the Planck time] are slightly mis-defined by the use of h-bar [ h/2π ] rather than simply Planck's constant, h. Theoretical implications of these results are presented. In addition, the applicability of using the frequency aspect of mass in the analysis of gravitation, and the nature of the results obtained, would appear to imply a considerably greater significance for the frequency, that is the wave, aspect of mass, matter, and particles in general than has been heretofore recognized.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:0807.0006 [pdf] submitted on 13 Jul 2008

Cosmic Inflation and the Beginning of the Universe

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

Fundamental theory underlying the cosmic inflation hypothesis and its relation to fundamental theory on the beginning of the universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[5] viXra:0807.0005 [pdf] submitted on 13 Jul 2008

A Proof of "Goldbach's Conjecture"

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

Every even number greater than two can be expressed as the sum of two primes.
Category: Number Theory

[4] viXra:0807.0004 [pdf] submitted on 13 Jul 2008

Analysis of The Anomalous Orbital-Energy Changes Observed in Spacecraft Flybys of Earth

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

In March 2008 anomalous behavior in spacecraft flybys of Earth was reported in Physical Review Letters, Volume 100, Issue 9, March 7, 2008, in an article entitled "Anomalous Orbital-Energy Changes Observed during Spacecraft Flybys of Earth". The data indicate unaccounted for changes in spacecraft speed, both increases and decreases, for six different spacecraft involved in Earth flybys from December 8, 1990 to August 2, 2005. The article states that, "All ... potential sources of systematic error .... [have been] modeled. None can account for the observed anomalies.... Like the Pioneer anomaly ... the Earth flybys anomaly is a real effect .... Its source is unknown." In this article it is shown that the Earth flybys anomaly is caused by a very small centrally directed acceleration, [in addition to that of natural gravitation], the same effect as that which produces the Pioneer anomaly. How that effect operates to produce the observed results is analyzed. A common cause of the centrally directed accelerations is presented.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:0807.0003 [pdf] submitted on 12 Jul 2008

Pathological Disbelief

Authors: Brian D. Josephson
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

Lecture given at the Nobel Laureates' meeting Lindau, June 30th., 2004
Category: Mind Science

[2] viXra:0807.0002 [pdf] submitted on 5 Jul 2008

From Van Der Waals Gas to CMBR Spectrum, Elementary Particles, and Lenr: a Hypothesis

Authors: V. Christianto
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

In recent years there are some authors suggesting that the origin of dark energy, quintessence etc. can be related to Van der Waals force-type interaction at cosmic scale. [1][2][3] Interestingly, in this regards, this proposition also reminds us to Prof. Castro-Granik's idea sometime ago that if we indeed live in the Cantorian spacetime Universe [5], then the effect would be as if the Universe resembles a large Bose-Einstein condensate.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1] viXra:0807.0001 [pdf] submitted on 4 Jul 2008

Dynamical 3-Space: A Review

Authors: Reginald T. Cahill
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

For some 100 years physics has modelled space and time via the spacetime concept, with space being merely an observer dependent perspective effect of that spacetime - space itself had no observer independent existence - it had no ontological status, and it certainly had no dynamical description. In recent years this has all changed. In 2002 it was discovered that a dynamical 3-space had been detected many times, including the Michelson-Morley 1887 light-speed anisotropy experiment. Here we review the dynamics of this 3-space, tracing its evolution from that of an emergent phenomena in the information-theoretic Process Physics to the phenomenological description in terms of a velocity field describing the relative internal motion of the structured 3-space. The new physics of the dynamical 3-space is extensively tested against experimental and astronomical observations, including the necessary generalisation of the Maxwell, Schrödinger and Dirac equations, leading to a derivation and explanation of gravity as a refraction effect of the quantum matter waves. Phenomena now explainable include the bore hole anomaly, the systematics of black hole masses, the flat rotation curves of spiral galaxies, gravitational light bending and lensing, and the supernova and Gamma-Ray Bursts magnitude-redshift data, for the dynamical 3-space possesses a Hubble expanding 3-space solution. Most importantly none of these phenomena now require dark matter nor dark energy. The flat and curved spacetime formalism is derived from the new physics, so explaining the apparent many successes of those formalisms, but which have now proven to be ontologically and experimentally flawed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory