Astrophysics

1901 Submissions

[30] viXra:1901.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 05:51:11

Interpolation to a New Solar System Model.

Authors: Ivovanderrijt
Comments: 1 Page.

Learning people to interpolate the same idea to a new model and thereby refering to the correct model presented by Jeffrey Wolynski.
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1901.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 10:43:00

Extrapolation to a New Solar System Model

Authors: Ivovanderrijt
Comments: 1 Page.

Learning people to extrapolate ideas in astro.
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1901.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 23:03:59

Cosmological Redshift

Authors: Akovantsev Peter Ivanovich
Comments: 4 Pages.

The article describes the relationship of the cosmological redshift with the temperature of radiation distribution medium. The Fraunhofer absorption lines of a certain frequency are superimposed on the continuous spectrum of distant galaxy visible radiation by a hydrogen-distribution medium. These lines are shifted to the long-wave side, which indicates the change of hydrogen properties as a propagation medium, and not the properties of radiation itself (wavelength change), and these changes are associated primarily with temperature. And this, in its turn, suggests that the Universe is heated during its evolutionary development.
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1901.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 03:10:27

Космологическое красное смещение. Объяснение.

Authors: Акованцев Пётр Иванович
Comments: 5 Pages.

В статье изложена связь космологического красного смещения с температурой среды распространения излучения. На сплошной спектр видимого излучения далёких галактик накладываются фраунгоферовы линии поглощения определённой частоты водородом-средой распространения. Эти линии смещаются в длинноволновую сторону, что говорит об изменении свойств водорода, как среды распространения, а не свойств самого излучения (изменении длины волны) и связаны эти изменения, прежде всего с температурой. А это, в свою очередь говорит о том, что Вселенная в своём эволюционном развитии нагревается.
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1901.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 07:52:42

Disproof of the Accretion Model

Authors: Ivovanderrijt
Comments: 1 Page.

Small paper on a very old redundant model.
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1901.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 16:19:45

Nuclear Decay Rate Oscillations and a Gravity-Quantum Connection

Authors: Robert T. Longo
Comments: 19 Pages.

This paper construct a model to evaluate the hypothesis that the in- compatibility between General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics is due to the different space-time geometries upon which each respective theory was built. The model is then applied to an unexplained phenomena observed in the decay rate of unstable nuclei, whose decay rate has superimposed on them oscillations that match the yearly cycle of the Earth’s orbit. The gravity-quantum connection model will show that gravitation is likely the ”unknown field” responsible for the nu- clear decay oscillations.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1901.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:19:44

Quantum Structures in Early Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1901.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:56:18

Supermassive Black Holes are Fed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1901.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 01:44:30

Chaos of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1901.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:12:50

Formation of Planets and Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Down a hallway in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), scientists study the workings of a machine in a room stuffed with wires and metal components. [39] Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1901.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 08:44:42

Mysterious Liquid Became All Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is the name for this mysterious substance so called because it was made up of quarks—the fundamental particles—and gluons, which physicist Rosi J. Reed describes as "what quarks use to talk to each other." [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1901.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:02:20

Deviation of a Ray of Light in a Gravitational Field.

Authors: Kirov
Comments: 7 Pages.

Fixed Zoldner calculation for deflection of a ray of light in a gravitational field. The result corresponds to the observed. Given a short method of calculation.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1901.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 16:38:57

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 11

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es erfolgen Berechnungen zur Winkelgeschwindigkeit und Leistung der Präzessionsbewegung sowohl für Kreisel mit fortlaufend horizontal kippender Achse, als auch für Kreisel mit einer fortlaufend horizontalen Achsverschiebung. Erklärt wird auch die resultierende Bewegungsänderung eines Kreisels bei nur einem wirkenden Impuls.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1901.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 17:06:30

Vacuum Energy Theory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 37 Pages.

Vacuum Energy Theory Basics: -Vacuum stores Energy (Space is Energy) -Vacuum stores Energy with different capacities (Space has different densities of Energy). -Vacuum with higher storing Capacity (Space with higher density of Energy) goes to upper location vertically relating to other Space Layers (as shown in the figure). -The solar group has 9 Space layers (Mercury Level is the highest Layer vertically) -Each Space Layer has different density of Energy (different Capacity) -Each Space layer stores Energy….from this Energy the planet matter is created and the layer rest Energy is used as potential energy which will transferred into Kinetic Energy to be used for this planet motion. -The relativistic effects (specifically Lorentz length contraction) leads to increase the Vacuum storing capacity of Energy (i.e. increase the Space density of Energy) -The Previous description explains why the solar group motions trajectory is in a pyramid form. -The solar group original Energy is provided by the Earth
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1901.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 09:26:11

Black Holes for Hyperspace Travel

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1901.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 15:27:00

Space Has Different Densities of Energy

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract Hypothesis: Space is Energy and has different densities of Energy i.e. Not all spaces have the same energy density The Main Idea …. Let's summarize the main idea in following: 1-The space is Energy 2-The Space has different densities of Energy 3-The space of higher energy goes to upper level where the lower Energy Space is found in lower level 4-As we see in air or water… the higher temperature air goes to up but the lower temperature air goes down.. this process uses the medium (air or water) to transfer the energy but without medium the space itself behaves by this same mechanism where the space is Energy has different densities and tries to reach the balance point of his different energy levels. 5-Also we know that, the higher places have potential energy higher than the lower places which supports the same meaning that the space different densities of energy can be distinguished by different levels of space.. 6-Now let's suppose that, the planet uses the space potential energy by transferring it into kinetic energy for this planet motion… 7-So the planet is born from his space energy (his orbital distance energy) and moves by transferring this space potential energy into kinetic energy (and this explains the relationship which we have found between the planet diameter and orbital distance) 8-Based on that, Mercury is found on the most higher point (level) than any other planet and he's directly under the sun, and because of his very high position, his space potential energy is very high one where Mercury uses this high potential energy by transferring it into kinetic Energy by which Mercury moves (Mercury velocity is the highest one) 9-That means, each solar planet is found on different level relating to the other planets and based on his motion velocity. 10-i.e. Each solar planet occupies one step in stairs contains of 9 steps…. That means the solar group is in stair form and the sun is on Apex 11-Based on that, the solar planets motions trajectory must be in a pyramid form. 12-The previous idea makes the solar group motions is near to atom's particles motions which can lead to unify the physics theories.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1901.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 07:46:16

Circumnuclear Torus Chandra

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37] There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"—instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that re-create exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1901.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 06:50:26

Symbiotic Binary Variable Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37] There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"—instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that re-create exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33]
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1901.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 12:35:38

The Moon Orbit Triangle

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

The solar planets matters (diameters) are created based on geometrical rules The moon orbit triangle proves this fact.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1901.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 07:31:50

Holographic Acoustic Tweezers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

A holographic acoustic tweezers (HAT) system has been used to suspend up to 25 objects in mid-air simultaneously. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1901.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 09:42:02

Guide Stars for Telescopes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"-instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that recreate exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1901.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 11:48:40

How Two Lobed Asteroids and Comets are Formed: An Alternative to Dogma Concerning Ultima Thule

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 hand drawn illustration

A drawing was made to show how two lobed asteroids and comets are formed. What happens is that two pre-existing objects slam into each other, making a large crown of debris that is liquefied. This liquefied debris then cools too fast to be completely rounded by gravitation. It is similar to a water droplet splash crown. Any accretion theory needs gravitational bodies strong enough to hold onto the material after any collision, and since asteroids and comets are mostly solitary, it means they were impact remains between objects that did not have strong enough gravitational fields to hold onto the debris. It also means that asteroid guts from the same collision are scattered throughout the galaxy. Ultima Thule is probably extrasolar in nature, and has nothing to do with the formation of a planet/star, it has to do with the destruction of its remains.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1901.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:11:35

Luminous Gamma-Ray Detected

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1901.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 10:47:45

Simulators of Super-Dense Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that recreate exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1901.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 08:54:23

Antimatter Universe Partner

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1901.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:08:10

Big Bang Without Bang

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

The Big Bang conception of main stream physics states that at the initial point there was an enormously high temperature. This does not explain the very low temperature of CMB radiation and existence of primordial pure hydrogen stars which cannot be generated at high temperatures. The article discloses a new statement that initially there was absolute zero of Kelvin degrees. The matter was in Bose-Einstein condensate state and slowly warmed up.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1901.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:36:51

Dark Matter Heating

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Scientists have found evidence that dark matter can be heated up and moved around, as a result of star formation in galaxies. [22] Today, an international group of researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Rachel Mandelbaum, released the deepest wide field map of the three-dimensional distribution of matter in the universe ever made and increased the precision of constraints for dark energy with the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey (HSC). [21] Scientists are hoping to understand one of the most enduring mysteries in cosmology by simulating its effect on the clustering of galaxies. [20] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved nearly $1 million in funding for the research team, which has been tasked with leveraging large-scale computer simulations and developing new statistical methods to help us better understand these fundamental forces. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1901.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 01:50:00

An ab Initio Definition of Life Pertaining to Astrobiology

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 12 Pages.

Many definitions of life have been put forward in the course of time, but none however has apparently emerged that entirely has been able to encapsulate life. Putting forward an adequate definition is not a simple matter to do, this despite many seems to believe they have an intuitive understanding of what it’s meant when they state something is life. Yet it is important to do so, because we ourselves, individually and collectively, are life, entailing an importance in itself. Furthermore, humankind’s capability to look for life on other planets is steadily becoming a real possibility. But in order to realize that search a definition of life is required. Progress has been made though. Life is a complex, but natural phenomena that emerged and has been maintained under the dual demands of thermodynamics and evolution. Thus, any definition of life must include thermodynamics specifically and evolution generally. A definition of life can be obtained through the application of first principles from physics, chemistry and biology. It must encapsulate the minimal properties shared between all life, and demonstrate that the interconnected aspects of life are unique for precisely life, that it collectively does things other phenomena do not, and describe what life is. Thus, the following ab initio definition can be put forward: LifeTerrra is a genome-containing, self-sustaining chemical dissipative system that maintains its localized level of organization at the expense of producing environmental entropy; that has developed its numerous characteristics through pluripotential Darwinian evolution.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1901.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 10:40:40

Historic Flyby of Faraway World

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

"As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1901.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 01:55:48

Quantum Boom Theory

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 16 Pages.

Neutrinos dominate the universe. They floated around in literally empty void nichts space for trillions & trillions of years - even an eternity.
Then when they decided to start popping - the universe started.
Boooom! Let there be Light (tension and vibrations).

● The Microcosmic Boom: Everything actually was schmooshed into something the size of a proton. But, it is NOT just one "singularity" the size of a proton - it is the uncountable number of neutrinos.
The fabric of space is created from expansion of neutrinos.
The neutrino "decay" (expansion) is just a simple shape change. Think popcorn popping.

● Expansion: A neutrino is a balled-up unit of space - like a quantum ball of spaghetti.
Whenever a neutrino decays (loses cohesion, loses shape), it "expands" - meaning it changes shape from a balled-up proton size to full length threads commandeering about the size of an atom.

● No Center: Correct. The universe is actually infinity, so, there is no center.
The neutrinos must be "expanding" at an high enough rate where there is a noticeable effect in the universe.
It is hard to believe but they actually would be "expanding" space and nothing would be moving.
More and more "space" is actually being magically created but, it is from the expansion (decay) of neutrinos.
Neutrinos "decay" into the fabric of space (it is only a shape change).
Category: Astrophysics