Climate Research

1811 Submissions

[5] viXra:1811.0499 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-01 06:24:24

The Greenhouse Gases and Infrared Radiation Misconceived by Thermoelectric Transducers

Authors: Blair D. Macdonald
Comments: 56 Pages.

Greenhouse theory has at its foundation a special group of trace gases and molecules and together these gases are claimed to be the only to absorb infrared radiation. The assumption the remaining gases nitrogen and oxygen do not absorb or emit infrared radiation’ presents a paradox; it contradicts both quantum mechanics and thermodynamics – where all matter above absolute 0 0Kelvin radiates IR photons. In this study the role of thermoelectrics to determine the ‘infrared atmosphere’ was investigated. It was hypothesised current greenhouse theory has misinterpreted the special greenhouse gases (CO2 etc.) for the thermoelectric gases as they and their spectra ‘modes’ are only detected by thermoelectric transducers. It was concluded the special (1%) greenhouse gases, discovered by Tyndall in ca. 1859, are really the thermoelectric gases, detected only by receiving thermo-electric transducers. ‘IR’ spectroscopy is also based on these thermoelectric transducers, and as a consequence ‘IR’ spectrographs show only the spectra modes with electric dipoles and not Raman modes. All Blackbody radiation theory is determined from thermoelectrics alone and requires revision in light of modern Raman laser Spectroscopy. From this thermoelectric understanding in conjunction with modern Raman Spectroscopy, it was concluded current greenhouse theory is incomplete and misconceived – all of the atmosphere radiates IR radiation in compliance of the said laws; the only thing separating the gases are the instruments detecting them.
Category: Climate Research

[4] viXra:1811.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-30 03:47:57

Quantum Mechanics and Raman Spectroscopy Refute Greenhouse Theory

Authors: Blair D. Macdonald
Comments: 83 Pages.

Greenhouse theory’s premise – nitrogen and oxygen are not greenhouse gases as they do not emit and absorb infrared radiation – presents a paradox; it contradicts both quantum mechanics and thermodynamics – where all matter above absolute 00 Kelvin radiates IR photons. It was hypothesised these gases do radiate IR photons at quantum mechanics predicted spectra, and these spectra are observed by IR spectroscopy’s complement instrument, Raman Spectroscopy; and N2 spectra can be demonstrated to absorb IR radiation by experiment, and application of the N2-CO2 laser. It was found the gases do possess quantum predicted emission spectra at 2338cm-1 and 1556cm-1 respectively, both well within the IR range of the EMS, and are only observed – and their temperatures accurately measured – by Raman Spectrometers. Raman spectrometers make IR spectroscopy redundant: they measure, more accurately, the Keeling curve, and have application with meteorological Lidars and planetary atmospheric analysis. The N2-CO2 Laser showed – contrary to current greenhouse theory – N2 absorbs electrons or (IR) photons at its – metastable ‘long lasting’ – said spectra mode. It was argued atmospheric CO2, as a law, is heated by the same mechanism as the N2-CO2 laser: nitrogen (first) and the entire atmosphere absorbs IR radiation directly from the Sun, just as is heats H2O on the ocean surface. With these findings, greenhouse theory as it stands is wrong – all gases are GHGs – and is in need of review.
Category: Climate Research

[3] viXra:1811.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-27 09:57:44

The Changing Trends of Climate in Context to Indian Sundarbans.

Authors: Sufia Zaman, Utpal Pal, Ricardo Gobato, Alekssander Gobato, Abhijit Mitra.
Comments: 5 Pages. , Sufia Zaman, Utpal Pal, Ricardo Gobato, Alekssander Gobato, Abhijit Mitra. Parana J. Sci. Educ., v.4, n.7, (24-28), October 25, 2018.

The effects of climate change on estuarine system is reflected through the changing salinity level of the coastal and estuarine waters, the concentration of dissolved oxygen in water, the levels of pollution and turbidity due to increased rate of erosion etc. In order to get a holistic picture of the climate change we had collected data from two different sectors of Indian Sundarbans (namely western and central sectors) on surface water temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen for three decades (1980-2009). Our investigation reflects the rising trend of surface water temperatures in both the sectors reflecting the alarming trend of global warming in this part of the Indian sub-continent at the apex of Bay of Bengal. The scenario of salinity profile is conceptualized in two different ways due to variation in geographical features. The ex situ effect of Himalayan deglaciation is confirmed not only by decreasing trend of salinity in the western sector, but also through gradual increase of dissolved oxygen.
Category: Climate Research

[2] viXra:1811.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-23 09:09:17

A New Approach to the Climate Issue

Authors: Magnus Carlsson, Olof Andrén
Comments: 2 Pages.

What is an archive? Drawing inspiration from game theory and decision theory, we will here submit this concept to an informal logical analysis. The motive for this study is the use of the composite concept of 'natural archives' within environmental science. We believe that new approaches are necessary in the still chaotic climate issue.
Category: Climate Research

[1] viXra:1811.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-02 04:32:35

Astronomical Climate Theory from the Point of Vortical Physics

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 17 Pages.

Astronomical climate theory is important for sustainable development of civilisation. Enthusiasm of interested scientists has kept theory idea alive during decades of doubt. However, here is danger coming from exaggerated role of mathematics. We can find physics behind the mathematics with introduction of vortical celestial mechanics and vortical thermodynamics as basis of astronomical climate theory. Three levels of astronomical climate theory- that of Croll/ Milankovitch/Berger, that of Blizard/Landscheidt/Charvátová and galactic level are discussed here in brief from the point of DesCartes celestial mechanics and long-range cosmic influences phenomena.
Category: Climate Research