Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1610 Submissions

[17] viXra:1610.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-30 18:39:10

Examination of H(x) Real Field of Higgs Boson as Originating in Pre Planckian Space-Time Early Universe

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 6 Pages. highly speculative paper. I have no idea of what people will make of it.

We initiate working with Peskin and Schroder’s quantum field theory (1995) write up of the Higgs boson, which has a scalar field write up for Phi , with’lower part’ of the spinor having h(x) as a real field, with =0 in spatial averaging. Our treatment is to look at the time component of this h(x) as a real field in Pre Planckian space-time to Planckian Space-time evolution, in a unitarity gauge specified potential V= c1 h(x)^2 + C2 h(x)^3 + C3 h(x)^4, using a fluctuation evolution equation of the form (d (delta h)/dt)^2 + V(delta h)= Delta E, which is in turn using (Delta E) times (Delta t) ~ h(bar)/ g(t,t), with this being a modified form of the Heisenberg Uncertainty principle in Pre-Planckian space-time. From here, we can identify the formation of delta h(x) in the Planckian space-time regime. Furthermore, it gets a special dependence upon the change in the metric tensor g(t,t)~(a(t))^2 times (inflaton). The inflaton is based upon Padmanabhan’s treatment of early universe models, in the case that the scale factor, a(t) ~ a(initial) times t ^ (beta), with beta a numerical value, and t a time factor. The a(initial) is supposed to represent a quantum bounce, along the lines of Camara, de Garcia Maia, Carvalho, and Lima, (2004) as a non zero initial starting point for expansion of the universe, using the ideas of nonlinear electrodynamics (NLED). And from there isolating delta h(x)
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[16] viXra:1610.0369 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-07 16:34:52

Wave Dynamics of Quantum Gravity-Space

Authors: Dragan Turanyanin
Comments: 11 Pages.

Gravity-Space phenomenon is observed as unique, wavy, nonlinear and even a-temporal by its nature. A wave function describing the state of space encircling a gravitodynamic vortex is suggested. Linear vector gravity would be a realistic linear approximation. In the “strong field” limits, a quantization of orbits should be quite natural and fully observable. That phenomenon is named gravitonium. Quantum gravitomagnetic resonance with de Broglie’s wave arises most naturally from this. It could possible be the mechanism of mass creation, but of gravitation as well. Questions of Lorentz symmetry, gravyphoton mass and “relativity limits” are considered in detail. The whole concept leads to change from 20th century field-geometry paradigm towards real wave-dynamic description of Universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[15] viXra:1610.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-30 16:27:14

Two More the Type QVRs Groups

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we described a method that leads to the groups containing a quantum, vector boson, and two high-mass narrow composite resonances with low standard deviation both with J = 0 and J = 2 (the Type QVRs groups). Previously we described four such groups whereas in this paper we present two more such groups. Among the SST 12 resonances, there are three resonances with masses close to the mass of resonance with a higher width that appears in the LHC data (its mass is about 2.250 TeV). Their masses are 1.951 TeV, 2.242 TeV, and 2.566 TeV - the arithmetic mean of expected values is 2.253 TeV but signal should be broadened more than for the other narrow resonances. Moreover, 4 other resonances appear in the combined LHC data. We predict existence of 5 other resonances - masses of 3 of them are higher than the present-day range of the LHC experiments whereas 2 of them overlap with the bump around about 190 - 300 GeV. But the most important task is to search for the predicted vector bosons - two of the 6 vector bosons that appear in the six SST QVRs groups are the W and Z bosons whereas the predicted 4 vector bosons should have following masses 25.4 GeV, 30.5 GeV (it is the Heister vector boson), 40.1 GeV, and 280.2 GeV.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] viXra:1610.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-28 03:43:55

The Internal Structure of Baryons as a Source of the Higgs Boson and the Heister Vector Boson with a Mass of 30 GeV

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), especially within the atom-like structure of baryons, we described a method that leads to groups of particles each composed of 4 particles. Such groups consist of the following particles: a quantum of the electromagnetic field, a vector boson, and two high-mass narrow composite resonances with low standard deviation both with J = 0 and J = 2. Here we show that the Heister vector boson with a mass of 30.4 +- 1.78 GeV is the constituent of such a group. Here as well we reasoned out why the Higgs-boson signal is relatively strong in comparison with other high-mass scalar bosons - just there are two, not one, independent phenomena that lead to the mass of Higgs boson equal to 125.0 GeV.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] viXra:1610.0328 [pdf] replaced on 2016-10-30 15:16:11

Newton and Einstein's Gravity in a New Perspective for Planck Masses and Smaller Sized Objects

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 12 Pages.

In a recent paper, Haug [1] has rewritten many of Newton's and Einstein's gravitational results, without changing their output, into a quantized Planck form. However, his results only hold down to the scale of Planck mass size objects. Here we derive similar results for any mass less than or equal to a Planck mass. All of the new formulas presented in this paper give the same numerical output as the traditional formulas. However, they have been rewritten in a way that gives a new perspective on the formulas when working with gravity at the level of the subatomic world. To rewrite the well-known formulas in this way could make it easier to understand strength and weakness in Newton and Einstein gravitation formulas at the subatomic scale, potentially opening them up for new interpretations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1610.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-27 04:32:29

Topological Phase Transitions as the Cause of Creation of High-Mass Narrow Resonances with Low Standard Deviation

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Topology is the branch of mathematics that attempts to describe the properties changing stepwise as, for example, number of holes in objects or conductivity of thin layers. Topological phase transitions play an important role in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). They describe the successive phase transitions of the Higgs field - there appear the spin-1 binary systems of closed strings responsible for the quantum entanglement and loops and tori composed of the spin-1 bosons built of fermions. The single loops or tori are the objects with one global hole whereas their components are the bi-holes. Surfaces of the tori are built of smaller binary systems of tori i.e. one-global-hole objects are built of bi-holes. But in SST, the topological phase transitions concern as well the transition from electromagnetic interactions (there is one Type of photons) to nuclear interactions (there are 8 Types of gluons). Such transition causes that there can appear composite resonances built of 8 or 8x8=64 vector bosons with total angular momentum equal to 0 or 2. The strictly defined numbers of the high-standard-deviation vector bosons (8 or 64) in the composite resonances cause that they must be the high-mass narrow resonances with low standard deviation! It leads to conclusion that we must change the statistical methods applied to the topological composite resonances. Here we described 3 groups of such resonances – the groups are associated with the mass distances between neutral and charged lightest baryons (i.e. nucleons), lightest strange mesons (i.e. kaons) and lightest mesons (i.e. pions). Obtained results are consistent with the LHC data. We predict existence of two low-standard-deviation neutral resonances (5.01 +- 0.13 TeV and 5.78 +- 0.15 TeV). There can be in existence a high-standard-deviation vector boson with a mass of 25.4 +- 0.7 GeV.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1610.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-24 12:20:06

The Mystery of Dark Energy

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 5 Pages.

An eccentric mystery in the modern cosmology. There is big energy to bring the acceleration expansion of the space in the vacuum space. It has a smaller 120 columns than a calculated energy level. I cannot explain the fact. An idea unlike the existing fruit which can explain existence of the dark energy is demanded eagerly.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1610.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-22 13:31:00

Real and Imaginary Time and Evolutions of Thermodynamic Time in the Scale-Symmetric Theory

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

The modern conception of time is based on the General Theory of Relativity (GR). The GR gravitational time is associated with the escape velocity i.e. concerns the radial motions of masses/energies in gravitational fields. The two-component grainy spacetime described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), i.e. the non-gravitating superluminal Higgs field (HF) concerning the gravitational fields and the gravitating Einstein spacetime (ES) composed of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs moving with the speed of light in “vacuum” (which leads to the Standard Model interactions), causes that the SST time for the ES components in ground state (the gravitational interactions only) and for baryonic plasma`(BP) near black holes is neither Einsteinian nor Newtonian. Here we described the SST time in the absence and in the presence of BP. The SST time does not concern the GR time associated with not granular spacetime. But it does not mean that the GR time, which concerns objects that can change their speed, is incorrect. Just GR is the incomplete theory (the speed of the ES components is invariant) so it incorrectly describes dynamics of black holes (BHs). The SST time is characteristic for flows of the ES forced by gravitational fields and for flows of BP forced by flows of the dark-matter (DM) structures, especially near and inside the SST BHs. Here we derived the formulae for the ES and BP gravitational time dilation, we explained what is imaginary time, we described the difference between the HF and ES thermodynamic time, and we present how have changed the thermodynamic units of time during the evolution of the Cosmos. Contrary to the GR BHs, due to the DM structures produced by BP on surfaces of the SST BHs and the invariance of speed of the ES components, particles can escape from the SST BHs via the jets.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1610.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-22 04:12:10

(Bidum 3.0 Beta Version 21 Pages) a Toy Model of the Universe Based on a Large Numbers Hypothesis Inspired by Edward Teller – Towards a Toe Centered on Life Phenomenon

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 21 Pages.

In the last century, a small minority of physicists considered a hypothetical binary logarithmic connection between the large and the small constants of physics, which also implies a base-2 power law In this article, I propose a toy model of the universe (TMU) that can offer a couple of potential valid updates for the Standard model (SM) of particle physics: the main binary logarithm Teller hypothesis (mbl-TH) on the large numbers in physics, which is an alternative interpretation of the Dirac's large numbers hypothesis (DLNH); the dimensional relativity hypothesis (DRH); the electrograviton model (EGM) of the hypothetical graviton based on mbl-TH and DRH; a multiple (quantum) G hypothesis (mGH) based on a quantum G series (Gs_q); a unified scalar function (F_N) for all the (running) coupling constants of the four fundamental fields/forces based on a unifying strong-electroweak-gravitational scaling factor (N_a); a cyclic closed universe hypothesis (CCUH); life as a fundamental (biophysical) field hypothesis (LFFH) based on a new generalized concept of fundamental biophysical field/force (FBF). This TMU was motivated and created from the author's strong conviction that SM cannot evolve and become a " mature " TOE without fully explaining the existence of life forms (LFs).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1610.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-21 12:26:43

The Wave Function and the Temperature Vacuum

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper we study the connection between the wave function of a quantum particle and thermodynamic vacuum state. There is an analogy of the black hole thermodynamics in quantum world.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1610.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-16 18:44:10

About The Geometry of Cosmos(revised)

Authors: Dimitris Mastoridis
Comments: 31 Pages.

The current paper presents a new idea that it might lead us to the Grand Unified Theory. A concrete mathematical framework has been provided that could be appro- priate for one to work with. Possible answers were given concerning the problems of dark matter and dark energy as well as the “penetration” to vacuum dominant epoch, combining Quantum Physics with Cosmology through the existence of Higg’s boson. A value for Higg’s mass around 125.179345 Gev/c2 and a value for vacuum density around 4.41348x10−5Gev/cm3 were derived . Via Cartan’s theorem a proof regarding the number of bosons existing in nature (28) has been presented. Additionally, the full Lagrangian of our Cosmos (including Quantum Gravity) was accomplished.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1610.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-15 17:42:58

Calculating delta G(t,t) at Boundary of Start of Planckian Physics Due to 1 Million Relic Black Holes

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 6 Pages.

We use the ideas of a million black holes, at the boundary of delta g(t,t) contribution to the shift from Pre Planckian to Planckian physics, as a summed up contribution from one million primoridial black holes. I.e. this is assuming a quantum bounce This is an extension of work done by the author as to explain the nature of a transition from delta g(t,t) being tiny to when delta g(t,t) becomes 1 in value.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1610.0165 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-03 13:05:22

Generally Covariant Quantum Theory.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 236 Pages.

A book on a background independent quantum theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1610.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-12 08:21:04

Modified Pauli Exclusion Principle

Authors: S Hussainsha
Comments: 11 Pages.

The principal objective of this paper is to describe the force of gravity according to the rules of quantum mechanics, and where quantum effects cannot be ignored. The result of this concept modifies Pauli Exclusion Principle so that it is possible to explain Quantum Entanglement in terms of relativity. The result shows Dark Matter is due to Entanglement, and Expansion of Universe is due to generalized Pauli Exclusion Principle (GPEP).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1610.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-09 09:58:10

The Mysterious Star Kic 8462852

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 3 Pages.

If Observed Flux Values from KIC 8462852 are calculated like a Cicada Puzzle or the WOW Signal, the signals are distances from a planet or star to the sun.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1610.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2016-12-16 18:27:31

Proof of No Singularity in Schwarzschild Black Hole and Big Bang

Authors: Yong Bao
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper, we propose that the center of the Schwarzschild black hole (SBH) and the Big Bang are in the minimum entropy state, and the entropy value is equal to the Boltzmann constant. Then we prove the uncertainty relationship (UR) of SBH and Big Bang UR, which suggest no singularities in the center of SBH and Big Bang.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1610.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-01 09:27:55

The Constancy of the Ratio H(z)/(1 + z) as a Sign of Low-Energy Quantum Gravity

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov
Comments: 5 pages; poster contribution to the Xth International Conference on the Interconnection between Particle Physics and Cosmology (PPC 2016), 11-15 July 2016, São Paulo, Brazil

The model of low-energy quantum gravity by the author is based on the conjecture on an existence of the graviton background with the average graviton energy of the order of $10^{-3}$ eV. An interaction of photons and moving bodies with this background leads to small additional effects having essential cosmological consequences. Here, redshifts of remote objects and the additional dimming of them may be interpreted without any expansion of the Universe. The theoretical luminosity distance of the model fits the observational Hubble diagrams with high confidence levels (100\% for the SCP Union 2.1, 43\% for JLA compilations, 99.81\% for long GRBs, and 13.73\% for quasars). In the model, the ratio $H(z)/(1+z)$ should be equal to the Hubble constant. This conclusion is confirmed with 99.9999\% C.L. by fitting the compilation of 40 $H(z)$ observations from the paper by Zhang and Xia [arXiv:1606.04398].
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory