General Science and Philosophy

1606 Submissions

[11] viXra:1606.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-27 23:21:34

Integrating Imagination with Reality Because Science Needs a Reboot

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 70 Pages. CITE: Bartlett, Rodney (2016): INTEGRATING IMAGINATION WITH REALITY.pdf. figshare. https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.3486755.v2 Retrieved: 04 11, Aug 28, 2016 (GMT)

I have the most intense desire to understand how everything works (my main interest is cosmology). My feeling as I typed these hypotheses (ideas) has always been that they already exist (though, since physics' Unification appears to connect every point and time in the Cosmos, not on early 21st-century Earth in every case). And I'm just a student, learning about them. Albert Einstein is quoted as saying, "For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand." Experiments and mathematics have done a superb job of integrating the human mind's reasoning abilities with the universe. I believe we have now reached the point where the separateness maths and experiments rely on must be surpassed. The trend of discoveries in physics is towards unification of the whole universe, and all time, into one thing ... one event. Start with 19th century scientist James Clerk Maxwell uniting electricity and magnetism into electromagnetism. Then consider Albert Einstein's attempt in the 20th century to unite electromagnetism with gravitation and produce a Unified Field Theory. Lastly, think of modern physics' dream to unite everything into the TOE (Theory of Everything). One day, the Unified Field or TOE will be successfully achieved and it might extend far beyond the wildest hopes of today's science. In 1911 Vladimir Varićak asserted that length contraction is “real” according to Lorentz, while it is “apparent or subjective” according to Einstein. Einstein replied: “The author unjustifiably stated a difference of Lorentz’s view and that of mine concerning the physical facts. The question as to whether length contraction really exists or not is misleading. It doesn’t “really” exist, in so far as it doesn’t exist for a comoving observer; though it “really” exists, i.e. in such a way that it could be demonstrated in principle by physical means by a non-comoving observer.” (a non-comoving observer is eg an experimenter in a scientific facility or medical lab) Since "non-comoving" maths/experiments have done an excellent job of integrating our reasoning with the cosmos, my ideas relating to them will be referenced frequently and occupy the greatest portion of this article. However, "co-moving" with Unification now opens the door for other aspects of the mind, such as imagination and intuition, to become an essential part of our comprehension of the universe we live in. Albert Einstein once said, “The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift.” Some readers will view this article as too far fetched. But that doesn't mean it can't be true. I'm fascinated by the distant future - so I started with known science and let my imagination see what that science could develop into. Someone from 200 years ago could have combined known science with imagination, and developed a picture of possibilities for today. In the early 1800's, it would have sounded impossibly far fetched ... but it might have come true. Maybe the imaginations of the few give other people goals to approach with baby steps – and goals that eventually come true. “We need a very different view of basic physics. This is the time for radical, new ideas” (theoretical physicist Neil) Turok concluded in early October, 2015. He believes that this is a great time in human history for the revolution to occur. This article also extends the quantum scale and the wave-function to computer science and the cosmic scale - commenting on gravitational superconductivity, dark energy, dark matter, antimatter, the Big Bang and cosmological Inflation, Unification, Artificial Intelligence, black holes and many other topics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[10] viXra:1606.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-26 03:39:14

Chemistry Studies

Authors: Giuseppe Rauti
Comments: 1 Page.

Studies in Chemistry.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[9] viXra:1606.0265 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-25 11:16:34

Physics Studies

Authors: Giuseppe Rauti
Comments: 2 Pages.

Studies in Physics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[8] viXra:1606.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-21 23:22:59

Impact of Biofield Treatment on Physical, Structural and Spectral Properties of Antimony Sulfide

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
Comments: 5 Pages.

Antimony sulfide (Sb2S3) has gained extensive attention in solar cells due to their potential as a low-cost and earth abundant absorber material. In solar cell absorber, the optoelectrical properties such as energy band gap and absorption coefficient of Sb2S3play an important role, which have strong relationships with their crystal structure, lattice parameter and crystallite size. Hence in the present investigation, Sb2S3 powder samples were exposed to biofield treatment, and further its physical, structural and spectral properties are investigated. The particle size analysis showed larger particle size and surface area after treatment. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed polycrystalline orthorhombic structure with superior crystallinity in treated Sb2S3along with significant changes in the lattice parameters, which led to changes in unit cell volume and density. XRD data analysis indicates that crystallite size was increased by around 150% in treated sample. In FT-IR spectra, strong absorption band was observed at 400-700cm-1, which confirms the presence of Sb2S3. Further, the absorption peak intensity in IR spectra was significantly reduced after treatment that was probably due to change in metal sulphur dipolar interaction.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[7] viXra:1606.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-21 07:49:01

Studies of the Atomic and Crystalline Characteristics of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders after Bio field Treatment

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
Comments: 6 Pages.

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have been known for their extraordinary electrical and magnetic properties. In the present study, some transition metal oxides (Zinc oxide, iron oxide and copper oxide) which are widely used in the fabrication of electronic devices were selected and subjected to biofield treatment. The atomic and crystal structures of TMOs were carefully studied by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. XRD analysis reveals that biofield treatment significantly changed the lattice strain in unit cells, crystallite sizes and densities in ceramics oxide powders. The computed molecular weight of the treated samples exhibited significant variation. FT-IR spectra indicated that biofield treatment has altered the metal-oxygen bond strength. Since biofield treatment significantly altered the crystallite size, lattice strain and bond strength, we postulate that electrical and magnetic properties in TMOs (transition metal oxides) can be modulated by biofield treatment.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[6] viXra:1606.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-20 08:18:46

The Enigma that is Light

Authors: Jeremy Dunning-Davies, Richard Lawrence Norman
Comments: 11 Pages.

The presently accepted notion of wave/particle duality, especially when applied to light, is undoubtedly a cause of great unease for many. Here the issue is examined afresh in the light of ideas put forward in recent years, especially by Mayants, while not forgetting the contributions of those great scientists of the past. Explanations and interpretations are then offered to account for seemingly paradoxical effects.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[5] viXra:1606.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-11 04:59:18

Differential Activation of ER Stress Signal Pathways Contributes to Palmitate-Induced Hepatocyte Lipoapoptosis

Authors: Xiaofang Zhao
Comments: 9 Pages.

Saturated free fatty acids-induced hepatocyte lipoapoptosis plays a pivotal role in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. The activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in hepatocyte lipoapoptosis induced by the saturated free fatty acid palmitate (PA). However, the underlying mechanisms of the role of ER stress in hepatocyte lipoapoptosis remain largely unclear. In this study, we showed that PA and tunicamycin (Tun), a classic ER stress inducer, resulted in differential activation of ER stress pathways. Our data revealed that PA induced chronic and persistent ER stress response, but Tun induced acute and transient ER stress response. Compared with Tun treatment, PA induced much lower glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), a central regulator of ER homeostasis, accumulation. It is noteworthy that GRP78 over-expression not only inhibited PA-induced ER stress but also decreased PA-induced apoptosis. Taken together, our data suggest that the differential activation of ER stress signal plays an important role in PA-induced hepatocyte lipoapoptosis. More detailed studies on the mechanisms of PA in repressing the accumulation of GRP78 will contribute to the understanding of molecular mechanisms of lipoapoptosis. Article Tools Abstract PDF (1841KB) HTML Follow on us AddThis Sharing Buttons Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Google+Share to LinkedInMore AddThis Share options
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[4] viXra:1606.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 15:14:00

The Cornell Effect

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new cognitive bias/fallacy is given definition so that it can be spotted in the future based on the author’s experience with sharing a new understanding of nature.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[3] viXra:1606.0076 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-06 12:48:02

Sixty Years of Gas Flaring in Nigeria: Science and Policy

Authors: Uyiosa Omoregie
Comments: 7 Pages.

Pollution from gas flaring is an urgent problem in some parts of the world. This is especially the case in Nigeria where associated gas has been flared for 60 years. Nigeria contains the largest natural gas reserves in Africa and produces more oil than any other country in Africa. Nigeria also ranks as the fourth-largest gas-flaring nation in the world. The petroleum sector in Nigeria contributes a large portion of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere, in Nigeria. Several studies have discovered deleterious impact of gas flaring on ecosystems of host communities. By now, gas flaring should be considered as vestige from the past, because the technology exist to control it. However, gas utilization projects have become more common in Nigeria, they provide hope for the cessation of gas flaring. Gas flaring is continually getting more attention in intergovernmental organizations. The World Bank aims to end routine gas flaring at oil production sites in the world by 2030. Governments, oil companies, and development institutions around the world are encouraged by the World Bank to endorse the “Zero Routine Flaring by 2030” Initiative.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[2] viXra:1606.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-02 10:44:58

Philosophical Libellus on Matching Descriptions

Authors: Tozzi A, Peters JF
Comments: 9 Pages.

This is about beings and principles. Topology, the mathematical branch that assesses objects and their properties preserved through deformations, stretching and twisting, allows the investigation of the most general systems features. In particular, the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem (BUT) states that, if a single point projects to a higher spatial dimension, it gives rise to two antipodal points with matching description. Physical and biological counterparts of BUT and its variants allow a philosophical inquiry of world and events. The opportunity to treat systems as topological structures makes BUT a universal principle underlying natural and artificial phenomena. Here we focus on Universe development and brain function.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1] viXra:1606.0001 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-01 06:26:30

Halting Problem for Turing Machine

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I write some ideas on the halting problem that I have not verified experimentally (it seem right theorically). It may be interesting so that I share with you.
Category: General Science and Philosophy