Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1811 Submissions

[11] viXra:1811.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 05:41:24

An Inherently Relativistic Force Carrier Mechanism for Unifying Electromagnetism and Gravity Based on Weber Electrodynamics

Authors: Steffen Kühn
Comments: 184 Pages.

The report summarizes the current state of research of quantino-theory, which is an approach to explain fundamental physical phenomena based on Weber electrodynamics. The core concept of quantino-theory is a force-carrier model, which fulfils the postulates of special relativity without the spacetime. The field theory that follows out of this model does not turn for slow charge-carrier velocities into Maxwell electrodynamics but Weber electrodynamics. Based on the quantino-mechanism, numerous physical effects can be reinterpreted and explained. For example, it is possible to show that gravity is a thermodynamic electromagnetic relativistic effect of fourth order. Furthermore, quantino-theory seems to be an interesting approach to explain the reason for the existence of quantum mechanical effects, inertia and anti-matter. The report furthermore discusses the perihelion precession of the planet Mercury, the mass-energy-relation, photons and electromagnetic waves.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1811.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 07:27:56

The Quantised Angular Momenta of Astronomical Bodies

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 13 pages

The spin angular momentum of the sun precisely equals the quantum h-bar multiplied by 2 raised to the power 250. Between them the next five nearest G or K-type stars take the exponents 247, 248, 249, 250 and 251, the binary star Alpha Centauri AB taking exponents (249 and 251) either side of 250 and Epsilon Eridani taking the exponent 250. The red dwarfs Proxima Centauri and Barnard’s Star both take the exponent 240. The spin angular momentum quantisation scheme also applies to the planets of the solar system. Again, exponents that are multiples of 5 are preferred. Jupiter and Saturn behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 240. Uranus and Neptune behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 233. Earth and Mars take the exponents 225 and 220, respectively. The geometric mean orbital angular momentum of the eight planets equals the spin angular momentum of the sun. With spin parameters of intermediate value, the supermassive black holes located in the Milky Way and M31 galaxies take the exponents 295 and 305, respectively.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1811.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 13:55:10

Einstein Did not Explain the Photoelectric Effect. there Are not Black Holes at Planck Wall

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 252 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length” Adrian Ferent “There are not Black Holes at Planck wall” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^(17) m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrically charged particles like electrons or other free carriers when it absorbs electromagnetic radiation. The photoelectric effect was first observed in 1887 by Heinrich Hertz. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for ‘his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect’. Einstein riding alongside a light beam. Einstein was still puzzled by his attempts to imagine riding alongside a light beam, all his life and did not find an answer for it. Einstein later wrote, “I should observe such a beam of light as an electromagnetic field at rest.” That is why Einstein and your professors were not able to explain the photoelectric effect. “The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length” Adrian Ferent Planck length: lP = 1.6 × 10^(-35) m Einstein and your professors did not understand: “In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent Einstein and your professors did not understand that photons interact with the electrons at Planck length, because they did not understand Special theory of relativity and Quantum mechanics. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length” Adrian Ferent That is why: “There are not Black Holes at Planck wall” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent Length contraction: Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light. What means l = 0 from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity? “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 from Special theory of relativity, means l ≤ Planck length” Adrian Ferent This means: “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length” Adrian Ferent That is why Special theory of relativity is wrong. Ferent length: lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length” Adrian Ferent That is why: “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from journals, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter: The majority of Dark Matter is non-baryonic in nature. Candidates for non-baryonic Dark Matter are hypothetical particles such as axions, sterile neutrinos… This means Dark Matter is limited to Planck length, but I explained there are not Black Holes at Planck wall because there are Photons. Stolen (quotations against Plagiarism) from Ferent Quantum Gravity in 2016–2017 the idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes. The idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes following results of gravitational wave detection. LIGO and gravitational wave detection is a fraud. You learned at universities, from books, from journals…about Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall, but Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall do not exist. Dense Dark Matter is Ferent Matter. Ferent Matter was created at Ferent wall, beyond the Planck wall. That is why: “Black Holes are Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent But you see on TV, YouTube wrong things about Wormholes, how scientists like Michio Kaku, Kip Thorne… can travel trough a Black Hole! “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity is the right Gravitation theory and all quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and limited to the speed of light. 142. I am the first who discovered that in the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length 143. I am the first who discovered that in photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length 144. I am the first who discovered that the photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length 145. I am the first who discovered that there are not Black Holes at Planck wall 146. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong 147. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length 148. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length 149. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a Graviton you will see the Ferent length 150. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter 151. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes 152. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1811.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 00:46:56

Holographic Interval of Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-16 23:37:25

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirm Eddington's and Superstring Theories

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces, showing the superstring reduction from 9D to 3D, gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10^-5) and the Coherent Cosmology value (10^-7). This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1811.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 04:17:34

On the Fundamental Role of the Massless Form of Matter in Particle Physics

Authors: AP Klimets
Comments: 30 Pages.

In the article, with the help of various models, the thesis about the fundamental nature of the field form of matter as the basis of elementary particles is considered. In the first chapter a model of special relativity is constructed, on the basis of which the priority of the massless form of matter is revealed. In the second chapter a field model of inert and heavy mass is constructed and the mechanism of inertness and gravity of weighty bodies is revealed. In the third chapter, the example of geons shows the fundamental nature of a massless form of matter on the Planck scale. The three-dimensionality of the observable space is substantiated. In the fourth chapter, we consider a variant of solving the problem of singularities in general relativity using the example of multidimensional spaces. The last chapter examines the author's approach to quantum gravity. The conclusions do not contradict the main thesis of the article on the fundamental nature of the massless form of matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1811.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 06:32:41

Matter does not have Gravitation. Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 240 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Matter does not have Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter does not emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory” Adrian Ferent “Riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong” Adrian Ferent “At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Special theory of relativity: Special theory of relativity is "special" in that it only applies in the special case where the curvature of spacetime due to gravity is negligible. In order to include gravity, Einstein and Hilbert formulated general relativity in 1915. If you move fast enough through space, the observations that you make about space and time differ to some extent from the observations of other people, who are moving at different speeds. The speed of light is the same for all observers, regardless of their motion relative to the light source. Length contraction: Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light. Time dilatation The rate of a single moving clock indicating its proper time t0 is lower with respect to two synchronized resting clock indicating time t. This means the duration of the clock cycle of a moving clock increased, it is measured to be running slow. This means ‘Riding on a beam of light’ time would stop, and distance would be zero. “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong” Adrian Ferent In Ferent Quantum Gravity beyond the Planck wall is another wall, the Ferent wall. At Ferent wall were created Ferent matter and gravitons. “Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with the density greater than Planck density” Adrian Ferent “At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent Today we know that the space is not an infinitely divisible continuum, it is not smooth but granular, with the Planck length and Ferent length. At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter and at Planck wall was created Matter. What means l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity? “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent This means: “Riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation” Adrian Ferent The conclusion: “Matter does not have Gravitation” Adrian Ferent You learned the wrong thing, that anything that has mass also has Gravity. This means: “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong” Adrian Ferent All quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and are limited to speed of light. “Dark Matter doesn’t emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that: “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory” Adrian Ferent The apple did fall on Newton's head not because the apple has Mass and Gravitation, but because the Dark Matter inside the apple has Gravitation! 129. I am the first who discovered that Matter does not have Gravitation 130. I am the first who discovered that at Ferent wall was created Dark Matter 131. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length 132. I am the first who discovered that riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter 133. I am the first who discovered that moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes 134. I am the first who discovered because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter 135. I am the first who discovered because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation 136. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong 137. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong 138. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter doesn’t emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons 139. I am the first who explained that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory 140. I am the first who explained that the apple did fall on Newton's head not because the apple has Mass and Gravitation, but because the Dark Matter inside the apple has Gravitation
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1811.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 03:15:29

C x H x O-valued Gravity, [SU(4)]$^4$ Unification, Hermitian Matrix Geometry and Nonsymmetric Kaluza-Klein Theory

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 15 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

We review briefly how {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued Gravity (real-complex-quaterno-octonionic Gravity) naturally can describe a grand unified field theory of Einstein's gravity with a Yang-Mills theory containing the Standard Model group $SU(3) \times SU(2) \times U(1)$. In particular, the $ C \otimes H \otimes O$ algebra is explored deeper. It is found that it can furnish the gauge group {\bf [SU(4)]}$^4$ revealing the possibility of extending the Standard Model by introducing additional gauge bosons, heavy quarks and leptons, and a $fourth$ family of fermions with profound physical implications. An analysis of $ C \otimes H \otimes O$-valued gravity reveals that it bears a connection to Nonsymmetric Kaluza-Klein theories and complex Hermitian Matrix Geometry. The key behind these connections is in finding the relation between $ C \otimes H \otimes O$-valued metrics in $two$ $complex$ dimensions with metrics in $higher$ dimensional $real$ manifolds ($ D = 32 $ real dimensions in particular). It is desirable to extend these results to hypercomplex, quaternionic manifolds and Exceptional Jordan Matrix Models.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1811.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 04:52:52

Mystery Particle Spotted at 28 Gev! Discovery Would Require Physics so Weird that Nobody Has Even Thought of It.

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

In Sphere Theory, the universe is a sphere made of spheres. Most of these spheres are packed in a cuboctahedron structure, but there are inclusion and dislocation defects. As part of the theory the high mass particles come from combinations of the layers of the cuboctahedron structures. Especially the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure. The new 28 GeV particle conforms to this model. It is shown, in this model to come from the 3rd layer of the cuboctahedron with 92 spheres. Also included in this paper are the other high mass particles, all of which conform to a cuboctahedron structure layers for their mass. Due to the propagation of light, gravity, charge, magnetism etc., and their quantized values, it has been hypothesized that, the universe should be filled with some type of almost homogeneous structure. It was shown in “Discrete Calculations of Charge and Gravity with Planck Spinning Spheres and Kaluza Spinning Spheres”( 1) that charge and gravity could be modeled by a sphere with a Compton wavelength radius of the neutron. If the neutron Compton wavelength is important to the propagation of charge and gravity then it is proposed that it also must be connected to some structure of the volume in which these forces are transmitted. “Underlying Cuboctahedron Packing of Planck Spinning Spheres Structure of the Hubble Universe” establishes a strong correlation, on multiple levels, between the larger mass quarks and bosons, and a cuboctahedron –Vector Equilibrium structure using the mass of the neutron and the combining of the layers of a cuboctahedron packing of spheres. The layers of a cuboctahedron follow a consistent progression for the quantity of spheres that can be packed in a layer. The masses of the w boson, z boson, bottom quark, top quark and the Higgs can be directly correlated to the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure, and in a mirror manner described in this paper.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1811.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-01 20:12:00

Eternal Infinity

Authors: Savior F. Eason, Gifted Physics enthusiast
Comments: 21 Pages. All claims in this document have been scientifically proven under controlled experiments through my own research using DIY-SOTA tech, as explained in the document. Mechanical Methods of research, such as nuclear acceleration, are authorized by the NSA.

In my paper, I discuss a possibility posing a solution to one of the largest problems in theoretical physics, presenting a possible explanation of what space-time actually is, as well as positing an explanation for dark matter, Hyperspace, An infinite multiverse, and a galilean-possibility of the nature of space, time, consciousness, energy, explaining matter, information, and positing an eternal universe with no beginning or end, in a vibrational multiverse rather than an inflationary or bubble one, and additionally presenting a trippy new reality for how we perceive the universe physically and philosophically; A new theory of everything, as presented by a physics-enthusiastic child in sinking spring.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1811.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-02 05:48:57

Big Bang Energy out of Nothing, or a Compressed Rigid String Nucleus

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 16 Pages.

Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory is a Rigid String Theory which states, that all attraction forces are subjected to a dual repulsion process between the dark energy of the oscillating Axion Higgs string vacuum lattice and less repulsion force of graviton strings or monopole photon strings ( electric- magnetic) radiated by fermionic matter. Black hole nuclei are assumed to be rigid stringy quantum knots highly compressed by the external attack of the oscillating vacuum particles, which mostly are added to the outside of the growing nucleus depending on the pressure difference between the vacuum and the internal black hole quantum knot. As a consequence most black holes are growing by consuming vacuum strings and also by merging with other black holes of different sizes. Black hole with equal sizes do not merge, but are supposed to pair up to a certain distance after which they recede from each other to become a Herbig Haro system with star formation in the middle . The giant central black holes often present inside galaxies are also supposed to merge with other black holes to grow in size. As the ultimate consequence, however, the universe will contract into a Big Crunch, (BC) by the growing black holes which constantly consume the vacuum lattice around us. However the vacuum pressure at the BC nucleus will decrease in time and become in balance with the growing internal rigid string pressure between the rigid strings inside the BC nucleus, which is the moment of the start of the big bang into chunks of smaller black hole nuclei evaporating also gradually into a surrounding oscillating vacuum lattice. As a consequence we seem to live inside one of the super symmetric “material” bubble universe created by the explosion of a black hole.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory