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1805 Submissions

[499] viXra:1805.0549 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 05:47:39

Charged Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A recent astronomical observation that the ordinary matter in the early universe was much cooler than expected could be explained if a small proportion of dark matter has a tiny electric charge. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[498] viXra:1805.0548 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 06:37:26

Physics and True Civilization

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

the links between physics and true civilization are explored
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[497] viXra:1805.0547 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 08:54:04

Quantum Computer Chemistry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

The standard approach to building a quantum computer with majoranas as building blocks is to convert them into qubits. However, a promising application of quantum computing—quantum chemistry—would require these qubits to be converted again into so-called fermions. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[496] viXra:1805.0546 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 09:44:38

Deep Learning Hologram Reconstruction

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[495] viXra:1805.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 13:02:19

Face to Phase Recognition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Frenkel and his collaborators have now developed such a "phase-recognition" tool—or more precisely, a way to extract "hidden" signatures of an unknown structure from measurements made by existing tools. [27] Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[494] viXra:1805.0544 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-06 19:02:43

17-Golden Pattern

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martin
Comments: 10 Pages. The previous file was damaged

This paper develops the divisibility of the so-called Simple Primes numbers-17, the discovery of a pattern to infinity, the demonstration of the inharmonics that are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17 and the harmony of 1. The discovery of infinite harmony represented in fractal numbers and patterns. This is a family before the prime numbers. This paper develops a formula to get simple prime number-17 and simple composite number-17 The simple prime numbers-17 are known as the 19-rough numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[493] viXra:1805.0543 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 13:58:46

Refutation of the Löwenheim–Skolem Theorem © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services.com

Refuted in each segment and in toto.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[492] viXra:1805.0542 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 15:16:46

Components Topology of Oracle Bones Characters

Authors: Julian Juhi-Lian Ting
Comments: 6 Pages. abstract in English, main content in traditional Chinese

Oracle bones characters have many variations. As they are still conceivable, there must have some intrinsic essence inside. Disputes of previous studied components exist, while some interpretation are too far-fetched. We introduce some concepts from fluid dynamics and graph theories to interpret the meaning of these components
Category: Linguistics

[491] viXra:1805.0541 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 06:54:45

Tidal Star Disruption Events (TDE) by Fermion Repelling Black Holes in Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 30 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, all Black Holes (BHs) repel all Fermionic matter, by the Fermionic rigid string shaped propeller based spin flip at all black hole horizons, even around ball lightning BHs. A tidal disruption event (TDE), is a bright flare of radiation around the central Black Hole (BH) assumed to be the interaction with a local star.. However, according to Q-FFF Theory, the star will not be consumed by the black hole, but torn apart and ejected into two jets and a plasma disc. Only other smaller black holes like Super nova BHs are postulated to be consumed by the central growing black hole. New physics black holes are also supposed to be responsible for dual BH Herbig Haro systems, with a third growing BH in the center in case of Galaxy formations. In Quantum FFF Theory, ( Function Follows Form at the quantum scale), it is assumed, that all Black holes repel Fermionic matter! by their propeller based (Fermion propeller rigid string) spin flip at all black hole horizons even ball lightning micro BHs seem to repel Fermions.
Category: Astrophysics

[490] viXra:1805.0540 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 07:00:04

Macroscopic Quantum Coherence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Tarucha, the leader of the team, says, "This is a very exciting finding, as it could potentially help to accelerate research into scaling up semiconductor quantum computers, allowing us to solve scientific problems that are very tough on conventional computer systems." [29] Physicists at Saarland University in Saarbrücken, Germany, have succeeded in entangling a single atom with a single photon in the telecom wavelength range. [28] A team of physicists from ICTP-Trieste and IQOQI-Innsbruck has come up with a surprisingly simple idea to investigate quantum entanglement of many particles. [27] For the first time, physicists have experimentally demonstrated ternary—rather than binary—quantum correlations between entangled objects. [26] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [25] Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[489] viXra:1805.0539 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 10:24:13

Machine Learning Accelerate Bioengineering

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a way to use machine learning to dramatically accelerate the design of microbes that produce biofuel. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[488] viXra:1805.0538 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 10:47:46

What was Ophir?

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 1 Page.

Ophir was the city of Opis on the Tigris, later rebuilt as Ctesiphon.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[487] viXra:1805.0537 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 11:31:58

Listen for Failure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

In a pilot study, researchers from North Carolina State University and Haverford College have used naturally arising acoustic vibrations—or sound waves—to monitor the state of granular materials. [35] Scientists at the University of Alberta have applied a machine learning technique using artificial intelligence to perfect and automate atomic-scale manufacturing, something which has never been done before. [34] Chemist Dr. Lars Borchardt and his team at TU Dresden recently achieved a huge breakthrough in the synthesis of nanographenes. [33] Using graphene as a light-sensitive material for light detectors offers significant improvements with respect to materials being used nowadays. [32] The precision of measuring nanoscopic structures could be substantially improved, thanks to research involving the University of Warwick and QuantIC researchers at the University of Glasgow and Heriot Watt University into optical sensing. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[486] viXra:1805.0535 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 13:10:48

Quantum Virtual Movies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[485] viXra:1805.0534 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 13:30:13

Key Property Drives Neutron Decay

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Using some of the world's most powerful supercomputers, an international team including scientists from several U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories has released the highest-precision calculation of a fundamental property of protons and neutrons known as nucleon axial coupling. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[484] viXra:1805.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 14:04:27

Piercing the Veil of Modern Physics. Part 3 & Superconductivity

Authors: DING Jian, HU Xiuqin
Comments: 57 Pages. I firmly believe that a single spark can start great creative conflagrations.

This article (Superconductivity chapters) as the third part of the full text, at the level of electro-ultimate particles, is the result by virtue of superconductivity to further research: 1. The electro-ultimate particle renders as the negative charge of one unit, which is a unified body. It is made up of both the ultimate particle portion of possessing one unit positive charge and the negative charge portion that renders as two units. All the mass is concentrated in the ultimate particle portion, the mass of the charge portion is equal to zero but cannot exist on its own, so it can only belong to the category of the "electro-hole". The two are the most fundamental matter and antimatter. When they meet, the process of converting into the electro-ultimate particle is annihilation. 2. It can be inferred that the ultimate particles and "being emptiness" are the most fundamental existence in reality. An ultimate particle existing in this being emptiness, around it there will be accordingly to render as the characteristics of negative charge. This is the most fundamental charge layer, but also the root cause of spin. It also means that the number of all matter and antimatter in the universe must be equal. Furthermore, the interaction between the ultimate particle and charge portion follows Lenz's law. This is the root cause of inertia. And the change of the two that there is a logical order, so there is also sure to be a time lag. This is the root cause of wave. 3. Inside every one of high-density particles, the adjacent ultimate particles are already in contact with each other closely. According to the Meissner effect, all of the charges can only be attached to the surfaces of them to moving at high speed. This is the charge layer. And each high-density particle can only possess one charge layer. 4. A high-density particle is located in a certain position of the conductor structure and only responsible for transferring charges, which is the superconducting state at the microscopic level. This means that all of those particles, entities and even celestial bodies, as long as formed only by two kinds of nuclear forces (whose essence is electromagnetic force), they themselves should be superconductors at almost all temperatures. 5. The first kind of nuclear force exists in the interior of high-density particles. There are powerful repulsive forces between the ultimate particles which are already in contact with each other. At the same time, they are also subject to the electromagnetic binding force generated by the charge layer. These powerful repulsive forces, are precisely the root cause of electromagnetic radiation. And the spin dominated by the charge layer also becomes an intrinsic property of high-density particles themselves. The result is that with the charge layer as the boundary, its inside and outside acting forces have reached a dynamic balance. This is the root cause of de Broglie's matter wave. Its internal mechanism, like a very tight tug-of-war competition, the balance point between the two sides is always in a reciprocating swing state. 6. The second kind of nuclear force is less powerful than the former. As there are shared parts between the charge layers of adjacent high-density particles, the combined action of the electric field force and superconducting electromagnetic force can also confine a certain degree of internal binding energy. The fission or decay of an atomic nucleus is related to this. 7. Inside an atomic nucleus, the main component of the gluon is the charges. Its so-called bundling function is two kinds of nuclear forces. And the quark has only one charge layer, which is formed by the charges in the gluon. Therefore, the quark is a relatively large high-density particle, whose shape is like a pile of tree roots and there are different spins at different locations. As for neutrons or protons, they themselves are two forms of the existence of quarks. 8. The single charge layer is the lack of resistance to those high-density particles or entities with positron features, which come from both the inside and outside sides at the same time. This will provide the possibility for us to reasonably control and use the nuclear energy with the highest mass-energy ratio in the universe. 9. The so-called magnetic field lines, whose essence is the electro-ultimate particles or the stream of charged particles derived therefrom. And electromagnetic radiation should be the root cause of the growth of all things. The evolution of the universe is derived from such a microscopic physical phenomenon, and from the quantitative to qualitative change results. 10. In the interior of the Earth, a great deal of electromagnetic radiation is generated at every moment. This is the root cause of our global warming and earthquakes. In which there is shorter wavelength part, that is, the main body of energy is converted into geothermal heat. And only the far infrared light with relatively longer wavelength can pass through the Earth's crust and even radiate into the space. Therefore, it can be through satellite scanning to establish the dynamic far-infrared spectrum of Earth's crust that changes over time. In this way, both the geothermal resources can be rationally utilized and it is also beneficial to prevent the occurrence of earthquakes.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[483] viXra:1805.0532 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-31 07:25:23

Transformation of the Pixels in Tupper's Self-Referential Formula

Authors: Prathamesh Deshmukh
Comments: 33 Pages. This is my first research paper and I would like to have any suggestion or improvement for the paper

My research paper is "Transformation of the pixels in Tupper's self-referential formula " is Based on Tupper's self-referential formula, you might know this formula As it is popular due to its property of plotting itself. But that is not the only amazing thing about this formula, it doesn't only plot itself but it plots every possible combination of the pixels between k and k+17 on the y-axis and 0 to 106 on the x-axis I.e. it plots all possible combination of these 1802 pixels and the value of k is used for sliding over the y-axis My research idea start with a question that if there is some graphical formation at a particular value of k then what can do to change the graphical formation or to change its position, this question leads to my research which has two main ideas 1> How to change any graphical formation into other graphical formation by applying some kind of operation to the value of the k 2>How can this different graphical formation be used as a frame to create a film / motion picture So what can my research do 1> My research represent all the possible graphical (in 1802 pixels ) and all its possible variation I.e. it have every possible graphical formation which is converting into other possible graphical structure 2> You can create a formula for any film / motion picture 3> In short formulas in my research is like library of babel of film / motion picture
Category: General Mathematics

[482] viXra:1805.0531 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 19:26:39

Quantum Gravity Field

Authors: Malik Matwi
Comments: 31 Pages.

We study the dynamics of the gravity field according to the quantum fields theory on arbitrary spacetime $x^{\mu}$. Therefore, we suggest a canonical momentum $\pi _I$ as a momentum conjugate to the canonical gravity field $\tilde e^I = ee_{\mu}^I n^{\mu}$. We derive both the canonical gravity field and its conjugate momentum from the holonomy $ U\left( {\gamma ,A} \right)$ of the complex selfdual connection $ A_{a}^i$. The canonical momentum $\pi _I$ is represented in the Lorentz group. We use it in deriving the path integral of the gravity field according to the quantum fields theory. Then, we discuss the situation of the free gravity field (like the electromagnetic field). We find that this situation takes place only in the background spacetime approximation, the situation of low matter density(weak gravity). Then, we derive the Lagrange of the Plebanski two form complex field $\Sigma ^{i}$, which is represented in selfdual representation $\left| {\Sigma ^i } \right\rangle$. We try to combine the two fields(gravity and Plebanski) in one field: $K_{\mu}^i$. Finally, we derive the static potential of exchanging gravitons in scalar and spinor fields, the Newtonian gravitational potential.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[481] viXra:1805.0530 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 20:54:09

Mathematical Relations of Natural Constants

Authors: BingZhuo Liu, DongZe Liu, XiangHua Liu, WeiDong
Comments: 23 Pages. Four basic forces; Dimensionless number; Neutrino; Dark matter; Cosmic quantization; Microwave background radiation

Through the study of the natural constants, mainly the fundamental physical constants. This paper found the mathematical relations between the universal gravitational constant, Fermi weak force constant and fine structure constant. The mathematical expressions of the mass of the dark matter and all elementary particles, such as neutron, proton, electron, neutrinos, quarks, W^±, Z^0 bosons and Higgs boson are also found. Besides that, we also noticed and applied a series of the cosmic quantization laws, worked out the temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation and the two mass limits of the compact star, namely Chandrasekhar Limit and Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff Limit. Thus, a breakthrough has been made for the completion of the ultimate grand unification theory. And unintentionally, also in order to solve Hilbert's sixth problem made a breakthrough.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[480] viXra:1805.0529 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-02 12:36:53

Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The "matter-only" asymmetry of our Cosmos is why we exist and why there is "something rather than nothing".
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[479] viXra:1805.0528 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 00:49:48

The Matricial Clifford Algebras

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in french

We introduce here the notion of matricial Clifford algebras with help of the product of matrices and the tensor product.
Category: Algebra

[478] viXra:1805.0525 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 13:42:50

Gravitoelectromagnetism. II. Speed of Light in Gravitational Field

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: 5 Pages.

From four Maxwell-Hertz equations for the vacuum and two modified material equations, two equations describing the propagation of the electromagnetic wave with the slower speed, the stronger the gravitational field, were obtained.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[477] viXra:1805.0524 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 14:07:02

Grawitoelektromagnetyzm. II. Wartość Prędkości Światła W Polu Grawitacyjnym ### Gravitoelectromagnetism. II. Speed of Light in Gravitational Field

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: Pages.

Z czterech wektorowych równań Maxwella-Hertza dla próżni i dwóch zmodyfikowanych wektorowych równań materiałowych, otrzymano dwa równania wektorowe opisujące propagację fali elektromagnetycznej z prędkością o wartości tym mniejszej, im silniejsze jest pole grawitacyjne. ### From four Maxwell-Hertz equations for the vacuum and two modified material equations, two equations describing the propagation of the electromagnetic wave with the slower speed, the stronger the gravitational field, were obtained.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[476] viXra:1805.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 19:41:42

The Time Definition

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 47 Pages.

Abstract -The Solar Planets motions are relativistic motions -Earth real Velocity = 0.99 c -The time is an Energy -Based on Relativistic Motions, the distances values can be seen as time values i.e. -The time is equivalent for the distance (a development for the Special Theory of Relativity made by me) -The Solar group geometrical structure depends on the time and Distance equivalence (based on relativistic motions), to create different rates of time, which enables the system to accumulate the Energy Let's summarize this idea in following: -Based on the solar group relativistic motions, time and distances values are equivalence -The solar geometry uses unified distances to create different values of time, which are seen by different cycles -The time different values depend on each other to create different rates of time -By this different rates of time the Energy can be accumulated to produce huge energy from average one. -Based on this description, the solar planets motions produce the sun light beams
Category: Astrophysics

[475] viXra:1805.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 20:39:44

Radio Astronomy Below 1 Hz

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages.

There is multi-century visual evidence that extremely long wavelength electromagnetic emissions are present in the universe. The megawalls of galaxies in both directions from Earth identify the presence of extremely long cyclic processes. Many long period events have been detected with instruments and visual observations, but never associated with electromagnetic waves. Optical and radio telescopes can maintain a constant celestial reference point for a fraction of a day, but this duration is sufficient to detect signals that are below 1 Hz. The electromagnetic emissions that are generated at or near our galactic core would be those that we should be able to detect directly. As lower frequency antenna/sensors become available the spectrum that needs to be scanned will gradually increase.
Category: Astrophysics

[474] viXra:1805.0521 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 02:51:26

What’s Wrong with the Weak Interaction?

Authors: Paul R. Gerber
Comments: 3 pages

A group-theoretical argument is given which shows that the weak interaction does not violate parity symmetry. Two corresponding experiments are discussed. As a consequence, charge conjugation can not be considered an independent symmetry operation. Furthermore, the more general question is asked whether there is any fundamental need at all for a weak force.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[473] viXra:1805.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 03:30:54

An English-Hindi Code-Mixed Corpus: Stance Annotation and Baseline System

Authors: Sahil Swami, Ankush Khandelwal, Vinay Singh, Syed Sarfaraz Akhtar, Manish Shrivastava
Comments: 9 Pages. CICLing 2018

Social media has become one of the main channels for peo- ple to communicate and share their views with the society. We can often detect from these views whether the person is in favor, against or neu- tral towards a given topic. These opinions from social media are very useful for various companies. We present a new dataset that consists of 3545 English-Hindi code-mixed tweets with opinion towards Demoneti- sation that was implemented in India in 2016 which was followed by a large countrywide debate. We present a baseline supervised classification system for stance detection developed using the same dataset that uses various machine learning techniques to achieve an accuracy of 58.7% on 10-fold cross validation.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[472] viXra:1805.0519 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 03:34:17

A Corpus of English-Hindi Code-Mixed Tweets for Sarcasm Detection

Authors: Sahil Swami, Ankush Khandelwal, Vinay Singh, Syed Sarfaraz Akhtar, Manish Shrivastava
Comments: 9 Pages. CICLing 2018

Social media platforms like twitter and facebook have be- come two of the largest mediums used by people to express their views to- wards different topics. Generation of such large user data has made NLP tasks like sentiment analysis and opinion mining much more important. Using sarcasm in texts on social media has become a popular trend lately. Using sarcasm reverses the meaning and polarity of what is implied by the text which poses challenge for many NLP tasks. The task of sarcasm detection in text is gaining more and more importance for both commer- cial and security services. We present the first English-Hindi code-mixed dataset of tweets marked for presence of sarcasm and irony where each token is also annotated with a language tag. We present a baseline su- pervised classification system developed using the same dataset which achieves an average F-score of 78.4 after using random forest classifier and performing 10-fold cross validation.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[471] viXra:1805.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 03:46:16

Stringent Limit on Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Experimental results from the XENON1T dark matter detector limit the effective size of dark matter particles to 4.1X10-47 square centimeters—one-trillionth of one-trillionth of a centimeter squared—the most stringent limit yet determined for dark matter as established by the world's most sensitive detector. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[470] viXra:1805.0516 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-09 11:56:50

NRCL Prognostic Network

Authors: Christopher L. Andreadis
Comments: 15 Pages.

Following the fringe concepts of the Global Consciousness Project directed by Roger D. Nelson, we propose that the REG (Random Event Generator) device be replaced by the NRCL (Non Repeatable Code Lifetime) generator to enhance the articulation of statistical anomalies possibly caused by nonlinear temporal processes. Such phenomena are succinctly described as processes of "cause preceded by effect".
Category: Mathematical Physics

[469] viXra:1805.0515 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 07:24:50

Time Crystals in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

An Aalto University study has provided new evidence that time crystals can physically exist – a claim currently under hot debate. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[468] viXra:1805.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 07:53:39

Magnetization by Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

The production of devices to store or transmit information is one of the most frequent technological applications of magnetism. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[467] viXra:1805.0513 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 08:27:27

Double Slit Experiment Explained by the Principle of Complementary and the Doppler Effect

Authors: Mugur B. Răuţ
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper I propose an explanation of the double slit experiment results, considered in a general form, in terms of the Doppler effect, as a consequence of applying the principle of complementarity. It is shown that, if we accept the fact that both particle and wave are manifestations of the same conceptual whole, in the general form of the particle-wave dualism, then the Doppler effect will be a manifestation for both wave and particle, and the double slit experiment will be a qualitative illustration of this fact.
Category: Quantum Physics

[466] viXra:1805.0512 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 08:29:23

Break Time-Reversal Symmetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Now a group of actual physicists from Australia and Switzerland have proposed a device which uses the quantum tunneling of magnetic flux around a capacitor, breaking time-reversal symmetry. [26] The arrow of time and the accelerated expansion are two fundamental empirical facts of the universe. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[465] viXra:1805.0511 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 09:11:04

Elastic Diamonds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A recent study involving UNIST has determined that brittle diamonds can be bent and stretched elastically when made into ultrafine needles. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Condensed Matter

[464] viXra:1805.0510 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 09:45:59

Some Topological Paradoxes of Relativity (Epr)-II. (English Version)

Authors: V.A. Kasimov
Comments: 6 Pages. in English

To turn again to the article of A. Aspect "BELL's THEOREM: the naive view of the experimenter" we were forced by some publications, for example, [2]. We were convinced once again of the conceptual correctness of the problem of EPR in the Aspect's article. Conceptually, in the "naive presentation of EPR" from A. Aspect no "gluing" of probability measures in different spaces is not required. The presentation of the A. Aspect is logically closed and complete. By simple examples, the existence of a problem related to the violation of bell's inequality is shown. The proposed article has all the logical "moments" , each of which can be said - it is not so! It should be emphasized that none of the points [2] was "glued" to any of our "moments".
Category: Quantum Physics

[463] viXra:1805.0509 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 10:26:25

AI for Solar Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Solar cells will play a key role in shifting to a renewable economy. Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) are a promising class of solar cells, based on a light-absorbing organic molecule combined with a semiconducting polymer. [26] Today IBM Research is introducing IBM Crypto Anchor Verifier, a new technology that brings innovations in AI and optical imaging together to help prove the identity and authenticity of objects. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. [24] According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[462] viXra:1805.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 11:17:35

Grawitoelektromagnetyzm. I. Grawitacyjne Prawo Faradaya I Grawitacyjne Prawo Ampère’a ### Gravitoelectromagnetism. I. Gravitational Faraday’s Law and Gravitational Ampère’s Law

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: Pages.

Ze zmodyfikowanych równań Maxwella-Hertza w postaci trójwymiarowej wynika, że fale grawitacyjne mają wpływ na zjawiska elektromagnetyczne. Możliwa jest zatem bardzo prosta metoda detekcji pól grawitacyjnych o zmieniającej się w czasie wartości wyznacznika tensora metrycznego. ### From the modified Maxwell-Hertz equations in three-dimensional form, it appears that gravitational waves have an effect on electromagnetic phenomena. Therefore, a very simple method of detection of gravitational fields with a time-varying value of the determinant of the metric tensor is possible.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[461] viXra:1805.0507 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-30 04:09:44

Gravitoelectromagnetism. I. Gravitational Faraday’s Law and Gravitational Ampère’s Law

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: 9 Pages.

From the modified Maxwell-Hertz equations in three-dimensional form, it appears that gravitational waves have an effect on electromagnetic phenomena. Therefore, a very simple method of detection of gravitational fields with a time-varying value of the determinant of the metric tensor is possible.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[460] viXra:1805.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 11:57:48

Molecular Biologists and FACT

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A protein complex called facilitates chromatin transcription (FACT) plays a role in DNA packing within a nucleus, as well as in oncogenesis. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8]
Category: Physics of Biology

[459] viXra:1805.0505 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-05 09:43:11

Time-Independent Solution of Navier-Stokes Equations

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 5 Pages. Thank you for reading

In Navier-Stokes Equations, we discover time-Independent solutions of Newton potential.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[458] viXra:1805.0504 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 15:39:24

An Insight into the World of Hidden Markov Models Based on Higher Order Logic (HOL)/Scala/Haskell/JVM/IoT in the Context of NLP & Medical Image Processing Applications.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Technical Notes on HMM/HOL/NLP to probe Medical Images

As explained in the TITLE mentioned above - it was proposed to design,develop,implement,test and probe the interesting aspects of Medical Imaging domains using HOL/NLP/HMM Concepts.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[457] viXra:1805.0503 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 20:45:07

Mangrove Vegetation as a Protective Solution for Coastal Protections

Authors: Sarah Palmer, Mathew Withmarsh
Comments: 4 Pages.

Mangroves play a prominent role in obstructing water currents in riverbanks, shorelines, and coastal areas. Mangrove roots have the significant contribution to the resiliency of the vegetation structure. In this work, the flow characteristics past a cluster of circular cylinders (patch), which represents the mangrove roots, are investigated. We found that blockage parameter for a patch decreases with porosity for all Reynolds numbers. A von Kármán vortex sheet is predicted behind the patch with a periodicity which agrees well with experiment. In addition, the vorticity field for the least porous patch reveals a delay in the formation of von Kármán vortex street due to the small vortices in the near wake, whereas the vortices evolve in the far wake and produce swirling flow
Category: Geophysics

[456] viXra:1805.0502 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 04:16:47

Non-Negative Quadratic Pursuit

Authors: Author name
Comments: 4 Pages. A pre-print of the NQP algorithm related to a recently submitted conference paper, as provided by the authors. Author names will be updated after the reviewing process is finished.

We propose the Non-negative Quadratic Pursuit (NQP) algorithm to approximately minimize a quadratic function in the presence of the $l0$-norm constraint. In this document, we explain the algorithm's exact steps along with its convergence proof and complexity analysis.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[455] viXra:1805.0501 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 05:38:32

Competencies of Systems Engineer in the Labor Market. an Analysis Based on Neutrosophic Cognitive Mapping.

Authors: Evelyn Jazmín Henríquez Antepara, Jenny Elizabeth Arizga Gamboa, Ruth Elizabeth Paredes Santin, Mélida Rocio Campoverde Méndez, Maikel Leyva-Vázquez
Comments: 9 Pages.

Recently, neutrosophic cognitive maps and its application in decision making have become a topic of significant importance for researchers and practitioners. Furthermore, systems engineering is a demanding career with many interrelated competencies. In this paper system engineering competencies are summarized. Later a framework based on static analysis of neutrosophic cognitive maps applied to competencies modelling and prioritization in presented. A case study based on modelling and prioritization of transversal competencies is developed. The paper ends with conclusion and future research directions.
Category: General Mathematics

[454] viXra:1805.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 05:39:35

Fundamentals of Neutrosophic Logic and Sets and Their Role in Artificial Intelligence

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, Maikel Leyva-Vázquez
Comments: 6 Pages.

Neutrosophy is a new branch of philosophy which studies the origin, nature and scope of neutralities. This has formed the basis for a series of mathematical theories that generalize the classical and fuzzy theories such as the neutrosophic sets and the neutrosophic logic. In the paper, the fundamental concepts related to neutrosophy and its antecedents are presented. Additionally, fundamental concepts of artificial intelligence will be defined and how neutrosophy has come to strengthen this discipline.
Category: General Mathematics

[453] viXra:1805.0499 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 05:40:42

Modelado Y Análisis Las Interdependencias Entre Requisitos no Funcionales Mediante Mapas Cognitivos Neutrosóficos

Authors: Ameirys Betancourt-Vázquez, Karina Pérez-Teruel
Comments: 5 Pages.

Nonfunctional requirements refer to global properties of software. They are an important part of the requirement engineering process and play a key role in software quality. Current approaches for modelling nonfunctional requirements interdependencies have limitations for dealing with indeterminacy.
Category: General Mathematics

[452] viXra:1805.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 05:42:03

Modelo de Recomendación Basado en Conocimiento Empleando Números SVN

Authors: Roddy Cabezas Padilla, José González Ruiz, Milton Villegas Alava, Maikel Leyva Vázquez
Comments: 6 Pages.

Knowledge based recommender systems despite its usefulness and high impact have some shortcomings. Among its limitations are lack of more flexible models, the inclusion of indeterminacy of the factors involved for computing a global similarity. In this paper, a new knowledge based recommendation models based SVN number is presented. It includes data base construction, client profiling, products filtering and generation of recommendation. Its implementation makes possible to improve reliability and including indeterminacy in product and user profile. An illustrative example is shown to demonstrate the model applicability.
Category: General Mathematics

[451] viXra:1805.0497 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 05:43:24

Modelos Mentales Y Mapas Cognitivos Neutrosóficos Mental Models and Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps

Authors: Maikel Leyva-Vázquez, Rebeca Escobar-Jara, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this work, elements related to mental models elicitation and analysis are addressed through causal models. Issues related to the need to include indeterminacy in causal relationships through neutrophic cognitive maps are discussed. A proposal for static analysis in neutrosophic cognitive maps is presented. The following activities are included in the proposal: Calculate, measures of centrality, Classify nodes, De-neutrosification, and Ranking nodes. As future works, the incorporation of new metrics of centrality in neutrosophic cognitive maps is proposed. The inclusion of scenario analysis to the proposal is another area of future work.
Category: General Mathematics

[450] viXra:1805.0496 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 05:44:48

Modelos Para la Evaluación de Competencias en Sistemas de Información Empleando Números SVN

Authors: Evelyn Jazmín Henríquez Antepara, Oscar Omar Apolinario Arzube, Jorge Arturo Chicala Arroyave, Eduardo Antonio Alvarado Unamuno, Maikel Leyva Vázquez
Comments: 8 Pages.

Recently neutrosophic sets and its application to decision making have become a topic of significant importance for researchers and practitioners. The present work addresses one of the most complex aspects of the formative process based on competencies: evaluation. In this paper, a new method for competencies evaluation is developed in a multicriteria framework.
Category: General Mathematics

[449] viXra:1805.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 05:45:43

Toma de Decisiones Empleando Números SVN Decision Making Using SVN Numbers

Authors: Maikel Leyva Vázquez
Comments: 13 Pages.

Decision-making methods in the presence of indetermination are becoming increasingly important. This work presents general frameworks for decision-making and evaluation. Additionally, different aggregation models are presented. The SVN numbers and the Euclidean distance are used for the neutrality treatment as well as the scoring and accuracy functions to evaluate alternatives. Different illustrative examples for demonstrating the applicability of the proposal are presented.
Category: General Mathematics

[448] viXra:1805.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 06:31:04

Evaluation of Activation Energy on Adsorption of Tenuazonic Acid from Acid Bacteriafruit Juice by Inactivated Lactic

Authors: Rak-Chon Kim, Un-Ju Pak, Ok-Byol Ri
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this work, the adsorption of tenuazonic acid (TeA) by inactivated lactic acid bacteria (LAB) published by Liu et al. (J. Food Eng. 224 (2018) 45-52) was reevaluated using deactivation kinetic model (DKM). As the result, the reaction order and the activation energies were newly calculate d. Keywords: Adsorption, Kinetics, Modeling
Category: Chemistry

[447] viXra:1805.0493 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 06:34:52

Graphene Ultrathin Spintronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers working at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) coupled graphene, a monolayer form of carbon, with thin layers of magnetic materials like cobalt and nickel to produce exotic behavior in electrons that could be useful for next-generation computing applications. [19] Particles can exchange their spin, and in this way spin currents can be formed in a material. [18] Researchers have shown that certain superconductors—materials that carry electrical current with zero resistance at very low temperatures—can also carry currents of 'spin'. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15]
Category: Condensed Matter

[446] viXra:1805.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 07:34:07

Switch Control Spin Current

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Researchers at Tohoku University in Japan have discovered a switch to control the spin current, a mechanism needed for information processing with full spin-based devices. [19] Particles can exchange their spin, and in this way spin currents can be formed in a material. [18] Researchers have shown that certain superconductors—materials that carry electrical current with zero resistance at very low temperatures—can also carry currents of 'spin'. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[445] viXra:1805.0491 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 09:19:39

Chiral Superconductor Current

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Together with their colleagues in Stockholm, theoretical physicists at Utrecht University have recently discovered that a unique effect occurs in chiral superconductors that should be easy to measure. [20] UBC researchers have captured an unprecedented glimpse into the birth of high-temperature superconductivity in cuprates, settling a scientific debate and uncovering new avenues to explore the potential of other unconventional superconductors. [19] A 2017 theory proposed by Rice University physicists to explain the contradictory behavior of an iron-based high-temperature superconductor is helping solve a puzzle in a different type of unconventional superconductor, the "heavy fermion" compound known as CeCu2Si2. [18] Researchers have shown that certain superconductors—materials that carry electrical current with zero resistance at very low temperatures—can also carry currents of 'spin'. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Condensed Matter

[444] viXra:1805.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 06:43:22

Particle in Rotating Spacetime

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[443] viXra:1805.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 08:14:29

Quantum Computing of Atomic Nucleus

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to successfully simulate an atomic nucleus using a quantum computer. [29] A collaboration of scientists led by Google, and including physicists from Leiden University and TU Delft, have developed a practice tool for chemists called OpenFermion. [28] Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are conducting fundamental physics research that will lead to more control over mercurial quantum systems and materials. [27] Physicists in Italy have designed a " quantum battery " that they say could be built using today's solid-state technology. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[442] viXra:1805.0487 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 10:24:10

Analysis of Fog Formation Factors at Monggumpo coast of Korean west sea

Authors: Pak JongGil1, Jang DongChol1, Kim SuSong2, Ri DuYon1, Choe YongHo1, Ja YongRim1, DokGo HyokChol1
Comments: 12 Pages.

In the paper, the fog formation factors were analyzed at the Monggumpo area of the central coast of Korea. Through the analysis of meteorological factors such as temperature, humidity in atmospheric lower layer, surface wind, and sea water temperature, we revealed the cause of fog formation at Monggumpo water area. For the analysis, fog observations from 2012 to 2014 (April to August) and RJTD semi-regular analysis data were used.
Category: Climate Research

[441] viXra:1805.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 10:55:38

Atomic-Scale Manufacturing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Alberta have applied a machine learning technique using artificial intelligence to perfect and automate atomic-scale manufacturing, something which has never been done before. [34] Chemist Dr. Lars Borchardt and his team at TU Dresden recently achieved a huge breakthrough in the synthesis of nanographenes. [33] Using graphene as a light-sensitive material for light detectors offers significant improvements with respect to materials being used nowadays. [32] The precision of measuring nanoscopic structures could be substantially improved, thanks to research involving the University of Warwick and QuantIC researchers at the University of Glasgow and Heriot Watt University into optical sensing. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[440] viXra:1805.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 14:00:38

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis 2

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 18 Pages.

Technische Anwendungen zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie in Theorie und Praxis
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[439] viXra:1805.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 18:02:13

Letter to the Nobel Committee on Physics

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 13 Pages. Robert Yusupov © Letter to Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences19 May 2018

Letter to the Nobel Committee on Physics Present letter with the attached article was sent on May 19, 2018 to the Nobel Committee on Physics at{1] (kristina.wolff@nobel.kva.se). The address was listed on the website[2] (https://www.kva.se/en/om-oss/ledamoter/kristina-wolff). On this website, Mrs. Wolfe is positioned as follows: Kristina Wolff Member of Nobel Committee for Physics Class for physics Position Administrator, Nobel Committee for Physics Organisation Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Category: Classical Physics

[438] viXra:1805.0481 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 23:05:47

Highest Redshift in Cold Cyclic Cosmology

Authors: N.S. Baaklini
Comments: 4 pages, 10 equations, 4 references.

Our realistic non-singular approach to cosmology predicts an upper bound to measurable cosmic redshifts. This corresponds to the lowest possible scale where the density of electromagnetic radiation equates the density of matter. We examine the highest possible redshifts that correspond to a cold cyclic cosmology where galaxies survive to remain the main protagonists forever. A tight range for highest redshift like 11<z<20 is predicted.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[437] viXra:1805.0480 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 03:50:32

Project of Experiment. Definition of Absolute Counting System.

Authors: Alexander I.Dubinyansky, Pavel Churlyaev.
Comments: 1 Page. dubinyansky@mail.ru

http://universe100.narod.ru/E350-Einstein.html . A simple experiment is proposed, without any measurement of the speed of light, to determine the absolute reference frame in space. It can be held by every scientist who has a Foucault pendulum. That is a compact load of great weight, on a very long and thin string. This experiment will put an end to the dispute, there is an ether or does not exist.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[436] viXra:1805.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 05:58:15

Zooming In and Out

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Computer simulations are used to understand the properties of soft matter—such as liquids, polymers and biomolecules like DNA-which are too complicated to be described by equations. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[435] viXra:1805.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 06:09:48

Skyrme Model, Wess-Zumino Anomaly, Quark Model, and Consistent Symmetry Breaking

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 9 Pages.

The original Skyrme lagrangian needs to be supplemented with a Wess-Zumino anomaly term to ensure proper quantzation. This is our Skyrme-Wess-Zumino model here. In this model, we show that the study of the electric charges is a very discriminating property. It provides powerful statements as to how the two flavour group SU(2) may be embedded in the three flavour group SU(3). The subsequent symmetry breaking is found to be very different from the one necessary in the SU(3) quark model. The Skyrme-Wess-Zumino model leads to a unique and unambiguos symmetry breaking process. It is known that all Irreducible Representations given by triangle diagrams for SU(3) are 3, 6, 10, 15, 21 etc. dimensional states. The triplet, being the lowest dimensional one, plays the most crucial and basic role here. This leads to composite Sakaton as emerging to become the proper Irreducible Representation of the flavour group SU(3) in the Skyrme-Wess-Zumino model.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[434] viXra:1805.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 07:39:54

Mechanochemistry Solution

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Mechanochemistry Solution Chemist Dr. Lars Borchardt and his team at TU Dresden recently achieved a huge breakthrough in the synthesis of nanographenes. [33] Using graphene as a light-sensitive material for light detectors offers significant improvements with respect to materials being used nowadays. [32] The precision of measuring nanoscopic structures could be substantially improved, thanks to research involving the University of Warwick and QuantIC researchers at the University of Glasgow and Heriot Watt University into optical sensing. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[433] viXra:1805.0475 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 08:49:42

A New Physical Constant from the Ratio of the Reciprocal of the “Rydberg Constant” to the Planck Length

Authors: Ozan Yarman, Ricardo Gobato, Tolga Yarman, Metin Arik.
Comments: 10 Pages.

This study presents a unique set of solutions, using empirically determined physical quantities, in achieving a novel dimensionless constant α(1/Roo )/PL from the ratio of the inverse of the Rydberg constant to the Planck length. It is henceforth shown that the Lorentz Scalar coming into play, which we dub the Parana constant, necessitates us to interpret the Gravitational constant G as being neither universal nor Lorentz Invariant. Just the same, the elementary charge in the MKS system should not by itself be considered as Lorentz Invariant, but the term e^2 / εo , including its powers, ought to be. That being the case, the “Rydberg constant” must not, according to the present undertaking, be deemed a ubiquitous magnitude either, but the ratio of its reciprocal to Planck length would, in effect, be. The Parana constant is furthermore shown to exhibit meaningfulness as the proportion of the Planck mass to the electron rest mass. Throughout our derivations, we take the oppurtunity to reveal interesting features and deliberate over them.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[432] viXra:1805.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 09:01:00

Infrared Spectrum and Sites of Action of Sanguinari ne by Molecular Mechanics and ab Initio Methods

Authors: Ricardo Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 9 Pages. error: abstract xxx = 6-311G**

Alkaloids occupy an important position in chemistry and pharmacology. Among the various alkaloids, berberine and coralyne of the protoberberine group, sanguinarine of the benzophenanthridine group, and aristolol actam-b -d-glucoside of the aristolochia group have potential to form molecular complexes with nucleic acid structures and have attracted recent attention for their prospective clinical and pharmacological utility. Sanguinarine is an alkaloid studied in the treatment of cancer cell proliferation. Found in several plants, is used in traditional medicine from several countries with Mexico and India in the natural treatment of wounds, conjunctivitis and as hallucinogen. Is a toxic quaternary ammonium salt from the group of benzylisoquinoline alkaloids. It is extracted from some plants, including bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), Mexican prickly poppy (Argemone mexicana Linn) Chelidonium majus and Macleaya cordata. It is also found in the root, stem and leaves of the opium poppy but not in the capsule. Sanguinarine is a toxin that kills animal cells through its action on the Na+-K+-ATPase transmembrane protein. Due to the diverse properties of this alkaloid, via computational methods was made using quantum chemistry to try to clarify some molecular properties that characterize its main sites of action as a drug. A study was made on a molecular structure of the sanguinarine, by Molecular Mechanics, PM3, Hartree-Fock, Density Functional Theory and Møller-Plesset. For calculations a cluster of six computers was used with Prescott-256 Celeron© D processors. The first principles calculations have been performed to study the equilibrium configuration of Sanguinarine molecule. Several physical properties have been calculated, including formation enthalpies, entropies, dipole moments, and the infrared emission/absorption spectrum. The results showed that the main site of molecular interaction was determined to be the hydrogen atoms. This has a strong antioxidant potential in its structure. It probably interacts with free radicals reducing their carcinogenic effect on cells. A study of the infrar ed spectrum complemented the paper. Absorption peaks in the infrared spectrum at 1000 cm-1, for calculation MP2/6-31G and, 1240 and 1450 cm-1 for B3LYP/6-311G ** were obtained. The MP2 and B3LYP methods showed good results for the infrared absorption spectrum. Although the base used in the MP2 method is less accurate, compared to the B3LYP whose base 6-311G** has more accurate and broader functionalities, they are approximately equal for frequency peaks located in the 1060.6 cm-1 and 991.1 cm-1 range.
Category: Condensed Matter

[431] viXra:1805.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 09:04:32

Planting of Jaboticaba Trees for Landscape Repair o f Degraded Area

Authors: Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Ricardo Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 9 Pages. Keywords: Eugenia cauliflora , Garden, Guapuru, Jaboticaba, Jia Bao Fuit, Landsc ape, Myrciaria cauliflora , Ybapuru. Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning 2018; 3(1): 1-9 http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/larp doi: 10.11648/j.larp.2018

The Jaboticaba, (Myrciaria cauliflora, Berg), known as black pearl fruit and grape of the trees in China. Native to South America, mainly in south-central Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. Also grown in South Florida (U. S.), Caribbean, Venezuela, Peru and China (Mainland). The fruit stands out in the popular preference due to the sweetness of the fruits which makes the consumption in natura viable. Chosen as a suggestion of recovery and revitalization of the landscape of small urban area degraded by human intervention. From tasty fruits like tropical grapes, their flowers sprout on the trunk and on the main branches, and sometimes on the new branches. It pre sents small white flowers, of small pollen and yellow that emits a delicious fragrance. Once formed, the Jaboticaba wi ll leave the central bed with lush environment presents good shading, delicious fruits to be enjoyed for human consumption and local wildlife, such as wild birds and hares.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[430] viXra:1805.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 09:08:15

AI Can't Solve Everything

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[429] viXra:1805.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 09:50:31

Bioelectrodes Energy Conversion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have discovered why bioelectrodes containing the photosynthesis protein complex photosystem I are not stable in the long term. [30] Molecules that are involved in photosynthesis exhibit the same quantum effects as non-living matter, concludes an international team of scientists including University of Groningen theoretical physicist Thomas la Cour Jansen. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[428] viXra:1805.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 10:33:07

Dark Matter's Hidden Valley

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

A Multiverse—where our Universe is only one of many—might not be as inhospitable to life as previously thought, according to new research. [30] Astrophysicists from the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh have created a new method to measure the amount of dark matter at the centre of tiny "dwarf" galaxies. [29] A research team of multiple institutes, including the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and University of Tokyo, released an unprecedentedly wide and sharp dark matter map based on the newly obtained imaging data by Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24]
Category: Astrophysics

[427] viXra:1805.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 11:18:26

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis 1

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 17 Pages.

Technische Anwendungen zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie in Theorie und Praxis
Category: Astrophysics

[426] viXra:1805.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 21:01:21

Magnetostatics Relation to Gravity with Experiment that Rejects Biot-Savart Law

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 8 Pages.

Relating the concept of gravity to electromagnetics has been a goal of physics. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) posits the components of the universe emerge to cause gravity and electromagnetic effects. The STOE is reviewed to show the gravity action and is extended to model magnetic effects. A fundamental change in the model of the action of magnetism is suggested. An experiment rejects the traditional magnetostatics Biot-Savart Law and does not reject the STOE.
Category: Classical Physics

[425] viXra:1805.0467 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 02:50:47

Perfect Symmetry: A Short Philosophical Note on Math Rebuilt from Ancient Atomism

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper we point out an interesting asymmetry in the rules of fundamental mathematics between positive and negative numbers. We suggest an alternative (additional) number system rooted in ancient atomism; see, for example, Guthrie (1965); Pyle (1995); Taylor (1999); Grellard and Robert (2009). At several points in history, leading philosophers and scientists have thought that atomism could be the fundamental ex- planation of everything. Ancient atomism basically claims that everything consists of indivisible particles traveling in the void. If this is true, then we will see that everything comes in quanta (whole units) and fractional parts do not exist. Accordingly, in math developed from atomism there are no imaginary numbers.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[424] viXra:1805.0466 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 05:08:59

Black Holes and Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Physics

[423] viXra:1805.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 05:40:46

Space Expension by Mass-Energy Conversion

Authors: T.Spiegelman
Comments: 3 Pages.

This paper presents solution of caculating dark-energy and its distribution.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[422] viXra:1805.0464 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-29 11:56:25

Solar Still - Improved Distillation

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 7 Pages.

An analysis of the steam cycle in an humidification-dehumidification desalination system shows that the yield of potable water increases when the steam is transported by dry and preheated air. The system can distill 86% of the theoretically possible maximum amount.
Category: Classical Physics

[421] viXra:1805.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 06:12:55

Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry of Neutrinos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

From the data collected by the LHCb detector at the Large Hadron Collider, it appears that the particles known as charm mesons and their antimatter counterparts are not produced in perfectly equal proportions. [38] The OPERA experiment, located at the Gran Sasso Laboratory of the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), was designed to conclusively prove that muon-neutrinos can convert to tau-neutrinos, through a process called neutrino oscillation, whose discovery was awarded the 2015 Nobel Physics Prize. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino—the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[420] viXra:1805.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 06:45:53

Antiferromagnetic Terahertz Computer Chip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at the Czech Academy of Sciences, together with their colleagues at Mainz University, have discovered a way to dramatically increase data processing rates by around 100 times up to terahertz speeds. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[419] viXra:1805.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 06:53:38

Scheduling and Time Optimizing in Directional Biting Using Ant Algorithm

Authors: Alirezahamed
Comments: 9 Pages.

The process of biting operations is significantly important in upstream oil industry and can be considered as the most costly upstream activity. Speed optimizing and reducing the costs of biting has ever been one of the basic challenges of big biting companies all around the world and various methods with different computations have been done during the last decades. Many factors may extremely affect the biting rig including technical, economical and political factors. Permeability rate of rock is considered the main factor in the directional wells, so that the more permeability rate of rock indicates the higher speed of biting and the lower time of biting. This paper intends to investigate the basic parameters in the biting rig performance. To achieve this objective, the optimum in biting can be obtained through programming and considering the data from the drilled wells directionally in Southern areas of Iran. Using Ant Algorithm, this study determines the relation between these variables. Also, using Matlab software to compute, Ant Algorithm is applied to time optimizing of directional biting. According to the obtained results, Ant Algorithm can predicate the affecting parameters in the permeability rate of rock
Category: Education and Didactics

[418] viXra:1805.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 07:43:42

Magnetism on Vibrating Layers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A team of researchers, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has demonstrated the possibility to induce and control a magnetic response in a nonmagnetic layer material though selective excitation of specific vibration of the material. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23] A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[417] viXra:1805.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 09:09:21

AI Changing Science

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[416] viXra:1805.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 11:55:24

Doubly Charmed Particle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

The announcement was made during the CHARM 2018 international workshop in Novosibirsk in Russia: a charming moment for this doubly charmed particle. [25] The group, in work published in Physical Review Letters, has now used powerful theoretical and computational tools to predict the existence of a "most strange" dibaryon, made up of two "Omega baryons" that contain three strange quarks each. [24] The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by " twisted light " can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16] Light from an optical fiber illuminates the metasurface, is scattered in four different directions, and the intensities are measured by the four detectors. From this measurement the state of polarization of light is detected. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[415] viXra:1805.0456 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 13:04:23

Crabbing of a Proton Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

CERN has successfully tested "crab cavities" to rotate a beam of protons – a world first. [24] The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by " twisted light " can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16] Light from an optical fiber illuminates the metasurface, is scattered in four different directions, and the intensities are measured by the four detectors. From this measurement the state of polarization of light is detected. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[414] viXra:1805.0455 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-30 10:22:44

The `constant Lagrangian' Fit of Galaxy Rotation Curves as Caused by Hubble Space Expansion Under Baryonic Energy Conservation Conditions.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 8 Pages.

In my opinion, the problem of the galaxy rotation curves can be solved on the basis of the combined and competing principles of space expansion and energy conservation on the one hand and gravitational contraction and the virial theorem on the other hand. Thus far it has been assumed that the existence of galaxies is proof of the dominance of gravitational contraction in galaxies. In this paper I present arguments in favor of my conviction that this assumption is wrong and that space expansion is one of the two dominating and competing principles active in galaxies. I propose to reset, rethink and rescale the presupposed boarder between Newtonian gravitational contraction and Hubble space expansion. This effectively identifies Dark Matter attributed effects in galaxies as Dark Energy manifestations.
Category: Astrophysics

[413] viXra:1805.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 15:24:03

On the Idealism of Igor Stark \\\\\\ Об идеализме Игоря Старка

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 14 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> On the Idealism of Igor Stark May 26, 2018

Настоящая статья посвящена разбору некоторых сообщений Игоря Старка, в которых он представляет свою физику («фарадеевского толка»). Эти сообщения являются прекрасной иллюстрацией того, что физика И. Старка по существу является идеалистической физикой. А любая идеалистическая физика является ложной, несостоятельной, не научной теорией. --------------- Present article is devoted to the analysis of some of the posts of Igor Stark, in which he presents his physics ("Faraday's style"). These posts are an excellent illustration of the fact that the physics of I. Stark is in essence an idealistic physics. And any idealistic physics is a false, untenable, not a scientific theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[412] viXra:1805.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 17:17:50

Duality-Symmetric Finance II

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 0.5 Pages.

Duality-symmetric Finance, as presented at VIXRAPEDIA.ORG, is a duality symmetric finance. This model has novel features.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[411] viXra:1805.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 04:21:32

Smart Clothes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

The fibers can detect even the slightest pressure and strain, and can withstand deformation of close to 500 percent before recovering their initial shape, all of which makes them perfect for applications in smart clothing and prostheses, and for creating artificial nerves for robots. [31] A team of researchers, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has demonstrated the possibility to induce and control a magnetic response in a nonmagnetic layer material though selective excitation of specific vibration of the material. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[410] viXra:1805.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 04:54:06

Measurement Uncertainty in Network Analyzers: Differential Error DE Analysis of Error Models Part 5: Step-by-Step Graphical Construction of Complex DE Regions and Real DE Intervals

Authors: N.I. Yannopoulou, P.E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 19 Pages. FunkTechnikPlus # Journal, Issue 16 - Thursday 31 May 2018 - Year 5, CC-BY 4.0, pp v1-7--v1-25

This paper demonstrates the way of how the value of any quantity used in Microwaves and RF and defined, either directly or indirectly, by one ore more complex differentiable functions of one or more Vector Network Analyzer VNA measurements, is affected by its ubiquitous Differential Errors DEs, when these DEs are expressed in terms of the manufacturers' data for both the unavoidable uncertainties of the calibration standards and the inescapable inaccuracies of the VNA indications. This is illustrated by a step-by-step graphical construction of the complex DE Regions DERs and their real rectangular and polar DE Intervals DEIs, which the authors introduced and used in all previous parts of this series. As it is geometrically shown, in order to build the composite figure of any complex DER and then of its DEIs only three basic types of simple figures are needed. These figures result by using combinations of appropriate complex transformations, which are well-known from Complex Analysis, that is: translation, scaling (stretching or shrinking), and rotation. A number of selected applications are presented and some useful, general conclusions are drawn.
Category: Classical Physics

[409] viXra:1805.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 15:48:32

The Neo-Heraclides Model

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this essay, the Neo-Heraclides Model offers new paradigms in Astronomy, Gravity & Global Warming/Climate Change. In Astronomy, a Geocentric Model with Heliocentric features is offered. In Gravity, both the Hidden Attractant Force (Isaac Newton)& Geometric Gravity(Albert Einstein) is dismissed & replaced. In Global Warming, a cyclical climate change & its causal agency is offered. Also, the mystery that surrounds the photosynthesis reaction is solved.
Category: Astrophysics

[408] viXra:1805.0449 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-17 21:44:58

Zero Dark Matter and Zero Dark Energy

Authors: Gene H Barbee
Comments: 45 Pages. Please contact me at genebarbee@msn.com

Flat galaxy rotation curves were observed in the 1930’s by Dutch Astronomer Jan Oort. Most cosmologists today attribute the difference between observed flat and calculated declining Keplerian velocity curves to dark matter despite decades of failed efforts to identify it. Recent WMAP [4] and PLANCK mission scientists believe it is 23% of critical density (the total mass or energy in the universe). There are other difficulties: Why are baryons only 4.6% of critical density? What is dark energy and why is it 72% of critical density? What caused the temperature anisotropy measured by WMAP and PLANCK? Astrophysics literature says “the universe is flat”; what does that mean? But even more basic: What is space-time? Quantum mechanics applies at the small scale but the general theory of relativity is large scale gravitational theory. Are they incompatible? These are not easy problems to solve. Any claim regarding different percentages of critical density must address baryon/photon ratios that determine observed fractions of Deuterium, Helium3 and Lithium7. Different claims must also address conditions at equality of photon and mass density and the temperature anisotropy observed at decoupling (where the plasma clears and electrons can orbit protons). Understanding space and gravity more thoroughly than Einstein’s general theory of relativity requires bridging small and large scale physics. A neutronproton mass model and cellular cosmology, both previously reported by the author, were combined into what the author believes is a first principles cosmology model that resolves these questions. In addition, the model exactly predicts temperature anisotropy at decoupling and star formation rates. And even more basic? Where do the laws of physics reside? If they are built into nature, is there any they can be detected besides observing nature and making observations? Actually, the cosmology model provides a huge clue. The core of the cosmology model is inside the proton and it “produces” the universe. The proton describes the cell, including the space around it. But components of each proton are improbable (1/exp(180)) and there are exp(180) protons. In three dimensions, cell radius*exp(60) represents the universe!
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[407] viXra:1805.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 22:55:49

Dark Photons, Ferent Particles FTL

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 160 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

Dark Photons, Ferent Particles FTL The photons mediate electromagnetic interactions between particles in the Standard Model (baryonic matter); in the same way dark radiation, Dark Photons mediate interactions between Dark Matter particles. Dark Photons have zero rest mass. “Ferent equation for Dark Photons energy: E = a × f ” Adrian Ferent Dark Photons are Dark Matter particles. “Dark Photons are Ferent Particles” Adrian Ferent What is Dark Matter in my Gravitation theory? At Ferent wall due to the extraordinarily small scale of the universe at that time, Gravitation was the only physical interaction. At Ferent wall were created Dark Matter and Gravitons. “Black holes are Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent What is Ferent Matter? Ferent Matter is high density Dark Matter: Ferent density ≥ Ferent matter density > Planck density The majority of Ferent Matter is the core of the supermassive black hole, in the center of each galaxy. Ferent Matter plays a central role in galaxy formation and evolution. “The primordial black holes in the early universe are Ferent matter” Adrian Ferent 3. I am the first who explained what Black holes are: Black holes are Ferent matter 4. I am the first who discovered that the majority of dark matter is in the core of the supermassive black holes 5. I am the first who discovered another wall, the Ferent wall, beyond the Planck wall “Dark Matter is in my Gravitation theory, not in Einstein’s gravitation theory, String theory, LQG…” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that my Gravitation theory is right and Einstein’s gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… are wrong theories. I am the first who explained what Black holes are: “Black Holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent Multiple universes: Subuniverses in my Gravitation theory: “Because there are 2 walls, there are 2 subuniverses: Ferent universe and Planck universe” Adrian Ferent Here is the proof that I was the first who explained that Black Holes are Dark Matter: ‘Ferent Matter is Dark Matter’ on YouTube: “The momentum operator for Dark Matter particles:” Adrian Ferent “Total energy operator for Dark Matter particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent time-dependent equation for Dark Matter particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Particles are Faster Than Light” Adrian Ferent Conservation of Energy The law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system cannot change in time. Planck energy is nature’s maximum allowed matter energy for point-energy (quanta). During the Big Bang this means: “The Ferent energy at Ferent wall, is equal with the Planck energy.” Adrian Ferent From here I calculated the speed of Ferent Particles! The speed of the Ferent Particles: The speed of Ferent Particles vp , where a=a/2π Ferent constant a = 1.590511178×10^(-76) J•s From this equation the speed of Ferent Particle is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s much faster than the speed of light! This vp = 1.001762 × 10^17m/s is closed to the speed of light squared (3 × 10^8)^2 m/s! “The speed of Dark Photons is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books that nothing can travel faster than light. My Gravitation theory explains: “The Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light” Adrian Ferent “Dark Energy is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent My quantum gravity theory shows that the Gravitons and the Dark Photons are too small to be detected by today’s technology. In my Gravitation theory Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist. “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent 70. I am the first who discovered Dark Photon energy: E = a × f 71. I am the first who discovered the momentum operator for Dark Matter particles: 72. I am the first who discovered the total energy operator for Dark Matter particles: ” 73. I am the first who discovered the Ferent time-dependent equation for Dark Matter Particles: 74. I am the first who discovered that the Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light. 75. I am the first who explained that Dark Matter is in my Gravitation theory, not in Einstein’s gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… 76. I am the first who explained that the primordial black holes in the early universe are Ferent matter 77. I am the first who explained that the Ferent energy at Ferent wall, is equal with the Planck energy 78. I am the first who calculated the speed of Dark Photons: vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s 79. I am the first who explained that because there are 2 walls, there are 2 subuniverses: Ferent universe and Planck universe
Category: Astrophysics

[406] viXra:1805.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 03:32:39

Gravitational Wave as Symmetry Breaking Within a New Model: an Overview

Authors: Sandro Antonelli
Comments: 9 Pages. CC BY 4.0 Licence by Oalib.com

I outline a new hypothetical approach issuing a second gravitational equation in the scope of a promising model tackling the gravitational wave problem. This wave equation for graviton is framed in the endeavour to bridge the puzzling missing link to allow for quantum scale physics in a unifying gravity theory, through a new coupling constant S: thus wave is regarded as a symmetry breaking of general covariance of field equations through contraction of Riemann tensor by a constant tensor. That also allows an inertial mass to be assigned to the graviton (OE-25 eV/c^2). This extension of General Relativity stems from self-evident considerations on the differential conditions of compatibility involving the two fundamental tensors on the curvature of the Space-Time continuum. Some considerations about last detected events are broached on the gauging of S constant, bringing forth a value that differs of two orders of magnitude with respect to the fitting of known binary star systems, unless source parameters be revised. Keywords: Gravitational waves; 2nd fundamental tensor; tensorial curl; local and global invariance
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[405] viXra:1805.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 03:38:56

Review, World on Edge

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

On the edge?
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[404] viXra:1805.0443 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-25 07:15:29

La Conjecture de Collatz

Authors: Jean Pierre Morvan
Comments: 4 Pages.

Pourquoi la conjecture de COLLATZ est vraie.
Category: Number Theory

[403] viXra:1805.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 05:35:20

Spin Current

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Particles can exchange their spin, and in this way spin currents can be formed in a material. [18] Researchers have shown that certain superconductors—materials that carry electrical current with zero resistance at very low temperatures—can also carry currents of 'spin'. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[402] viXra:1805.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 06:06:19

Quantum Effects in Photosynthesis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Molecules that are involved in photosynthesis exhibit the same quantum effects as non-living matter, concludes an international team of scientists including University of Groningen theoretical physicist Thomas la Cour Jansen. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[401] viXra:1805.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 08:13:59

Microscope Under Microscope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

"We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[400] viXra:1805.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 08:46:21

Really Quantum Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[399] viXra:1805.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 09:10:37

About the EPR Paradox. Resolution Features. (English Version)

Authors: V.A.Kasimov
Comments: 6 Pages. English

In interpreting the results of experiments A. Aspect faced two concepts of quantum mechanics and relativity theory, which requires a thorough consideration of the causes of contradictions. The analysis of these issues devoted many works of different authors, and the points raised here also have been exhibited for analysis. However, we feel that contact again to the key moments of the contradiction and possibly in compressed form is a must.
Category: Quantum Physics

[398] viXra:1805.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 11:59:34

An Alternative Approach for the Management of Bone Health: Role of Biofield Energy Healing Treated Vitamin D3

Authors: Brian Anthony Weekes, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

The main aim of this experiment was to assess the impact of Consciousness Energy Healing-based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health parameters. The test items, were divided into two parts. One part of each sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Brian Anthony Weekes and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Different parameters like ALP, collagen, and bone mineralization were performed to evaluate the bone strength and integrity in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63). The test samples were found as safe in the tested concentrations by MTT cell viability assay. ALP was significantly increased by 19.49% and 63.49% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Further, the ALP level was significantly elevated by 35.92% and 61.17% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Collagen was significantly increased by 53.75% and 42.43% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item and BT-DMEM + UT-Test item groups, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Further, the collagen level was significantly increased by 46.54% and 122.61% at 50 and 100 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item group compared to the untreated group. Additionally, the percent of bone mineralization was distinctly increased by 18.12%, 96.33%, and 150.85% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Further, the percentage of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 61.96 and 22.84% in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 100 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Overall, the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 was significantly improved the bone health parameters and it could be an alternative nutraceutical supplement to combat vitamin D3 deficiency and fight against various bone related problems including rickets, low bone density, osteomalacia, bone and joint pain, bone fractures, osteoporosis, osteoma, osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget’s disease of bone, deformed bones, chondrodystrophia fetalis, stress management and prevention, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, and anti-aging by improving overall health.
Category: Biochemistry

[397] viXra:1805.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 12:57:08

AI with Optical Scanning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Today IBM Research is introducing IBM Crypto Anchor Verifier, a new technology that brings innovations in AI and optical imaging together to help prove the identity and authenticity of objects. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. [24] According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[396] viXra:1805.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 13:34:48

Atlantis as a Theological Model of End Times Babylon (Rev. 17-18) and the Storylines of Atlantis and Athens.

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 9 Pages.

Atlantis is a theological model that evolved in Genesis and that will be fulfilled in End Times Babylon. The serpent in Eden (Genesis 3) was the blueprint for Poseidon. The city of Henoch, built by Cain before the Flood was the blueprint for Atlantis. Immediately after the Flood, it was Nimrods Babylon that was a new blueprint for Atlantis. Followed by Nebuchanedzar's Babylon as an evolving blueprint for Atlantis. End Times Babylon in Genesis 17-18 is the final Blueprint for Atlantis. Babylon and Tyrus were interconnected. Both were cities of corruption. The fall of Tyrus by Alexander the Great was also a blueprint for Atlantis (Ezekiel 26-28). The Philistines of Crete (Kaftor) were the Phaeacians in Homer's Odyssey. Their god was Dagon who was another blueprint for Poseidon. The Dagon temples in Gaza were blueprints for Atlantis. Atlantis was the Western dimension of Tzafon. The northern and Eastern dimensions were Babylon. Atlantis was mirrored in time and geography. Scientists will never understand the mystery of Atlantis if they do not understand what Babylon, Tzafon or the mirroring principle is. Added to this paper are the two storylines of Athens and Atlantis in Plato's Atlantis Story. © Leon Elshout, 23 may 2018, my 600 page book on Atlantis as Babylon is here: http://roodgoudvanparvaim.nl/
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[395] viXra:1805.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 13:58:46

Refutation of the Quantum Probability Rule © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The equation evaluated is not tautologous and hence is not established to be linear, and continuity (or homogeneity) of f cannot be proved therefrom. Remark: In 1935 von Neumann stopped "believing" in Hilbert space. Rosinger, E.E. (2004). What is wrong with von Neumann's theorem on "no hidden variables". arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0408191, quoting: Birkhoff, G.D. (1961). Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics. 2:158, American Mathematical Society, with the respective letter dated 13 November 1935.
Category: Quantum Physics

[394] viXra:1805.0433 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-27 16:50:11

Human Cytomegalovirus: The Cause Of Glioblastoma Multiforme.

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 15 pages. Copyright © 2018 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. Published by:.

Objective: The relationship between Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is investigated. Methods: A systematic review and re-analysis of some impressive key studies was conducted aimed to answer the following question. Is there a cause-effect relationship between HCMV and GBM? The method of the conditio sine qua non relationship was used to proof the hypothesis whether the presence of HCMV guarantees the presence of GBM. In other words, without HCMV no GBM The mathematical formula of the causal relationship k was used to proof the hypothesis, whether there is a cause-effect relationship between HCMV and GBM. Significance was indicated by a p-value of less than 0.05. Results: The studies analysed were able to provide strict evidence that HCMV is a necessary condition (a conditio sine qua non) of GBM. Furthermore, the cause-effect relationship between HCMV and GBM (k = +1, p value < 0,0001) was highly significant. Conclusion: Without HCMV no GBM. HCMV is the cause of GBM. Keywords: Cytomegalovirus, Glioblastoma multiforme, Causal relationship
Category: Statistics

[393] viXra:1805.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 16:16:03

My Understanding of Physics\\\\\Моё понимание физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 8 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> My Undestanding of Physics May 24, 2018

In present article, my (author's) understanding of the subject and the foundations of physics is given. Physics is a theory that studies nature. The theory may be true, or it may be false. Categories truth and falsehood reflect the fact of the correspondence or inconsistency of the theory to nature itself. The verification of the correspondence or inconsistency of the theory, its positions and conclusions to nature is carried out through practice, through experiment. Modern physics is not science. The main argument of this statement is the fact (which is verified practically) that the matter of nature is not reflected in modern physics in an adequate quality, that is, as the base physical quantity. +++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье приводится моё (авторское) понимание предмета и основ физики. Физика – это теория, изучающая природу. Теория может быть истинной, а может быть ложной. Категории истина и ложь отражают факт соответствия или несоответствия теории самой природе. Проверка соответствия или несоответствия теории, её положений и выводов природе осуществляется через практику, через опыт, через эксперимент. Современная физика наукой не является. Основным доводом этого утверждения является тот факт, который проверяется практически, что материя природы не отражена в современной физике в адекватном качестве, то есть в качестве основной физической величины.
Category: Classical Physics

[392] viXra:1805.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 17:07:06

Formula to Find Prime Numbers and Composite Numbers with Termination 9

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 9 Pages.

The prime numbers greater than 5 have 4 terminations in their unit to infinity (1,3,7,9) and the composite numbers divisible by numbers greater than 3 have 5 terminations in their unit to infinity, these are (1,3,5,7,9). This paper develops an expression to calculate the prime numbers and composite numbers with ending 9.
Category: Number Theory

[391] viXra:1805.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 17:41:13

Duality-Symmetric Finance

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 12 Pages.

Duality-Symmetric Finance is a novel monetary and financial system that may revolutionize economies since it is fundamentally resistant to rampant hyperinflation.
Category: Economics and Finance

[390] viXra:1805.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 19:31:10

Fine Soccer(5)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 322 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[389] viXra:1805.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 19:35:11

Fine Soccer(6)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 286 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[388] viXra:1805.0427 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-09 20:24:15

Cellular Automaton Graphics

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 50 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[387] viXra:1805.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 23:21:45

Michelson and Morley, Sagnac, the Train and the Ongoing Ether Debate

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 23 Pages.

Abstract: The 1887 Michelson and Morley experiment continues to be widely seen by mainstream physicists as producing a null result. This is not correct. It produced a less than expected result that at that time could not be explained by science. It seems likely that mainstream physicists will continue to see the results of the Michelson and Morley experiment as being a null result. The reasons for this seem unfathomable. Numerous experiments conducted be respected physicists since 1887 have demonstrated a positive result by replicable experiments. This includes Sagnac in 1913. The Sagnac experiment has never been seriously challenged by the physics community. As a concept scientist I talk about these matters. I have employed Einstein’s lightning, train and observers analogy as a means of demonstrating that the Sagnac effect seems to be a demonstrably reliable theory. This includes other similar theories as well. This is in regards to the splitting of light and the subsequent projection of the resulting two new light sources onto the same surface. conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[386] viXra:1805.0425 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-08 13:08:57

On Tensors and Equations of the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Yuriy A. Spirichev
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is shown that the electromagnetic field is completely described by an asymmetric tensor of the second rank, which is a four-dimensional derivative of the electromagnetic potential. This tensor can be decomposed into the canonical antisymmetric and the new symmetric EMF tensor. From this tensor, in the form of its complete divergence, the EMF equations follow. One of them is an electromagnetic analog of the Lame equation for an elastic medium. It is shown that the longitudinal waves of the divergence of the vector potential propagate at a speed greater than the speed of light and do not have a magnetic component.
Category: Classical Physics

[385] viXra:1805.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 01:08:48

Refutation of the Quantum Qutrit Ternary Probability © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

From the arguments, two equations as rendered are not tautologous. To weaken the argument, we test the sum of the propositions of the outcomes to be greater than one as tautologous, because after all that is the state supposedly observed by experiment. Remarks: The cited paper was paid for by the governments of China, Hungry, Spain, Sweden. The footnoted data set link at personal.us.es/adan/binary.htm is a table of 16 columns and 4500 rows. We could not replicate the χ2-values in Table II. Consequently, we applied the N-by-M contingency test (superset of Chi-squared test with expected values derived from observed values) on the first 1000 rows. We found Fisher P <= 01, χ2 = 0.0000001; df = 14,985. In other words, the data set as published is random data. We conclude this impugns the data collection, data set, results, and entire experiment.
Category: Quantum Physics

[384] viXra:1805.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 05:30:45

Spin Wave Integrated Circuits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Taichi Goto at the Toyohashi University of Technology and others collaborated to create a single-crystalline yttrium iron garnet (YIG) film as a magnetic insulator on multiple substrates, and transmit the spin waves. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[383] viXra:1805.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 05:38:24

Global “geomagnetic” Field Without Iron

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 2 Pages.

Global "geomagnetic" field could be effect of bosonic field from fast Earth’s mantle turbulence
Category: Geophysics

[382] viXra:1805.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 07:26:40

Exotic Di-Omega Particle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

The group, in work published in Physical Review Letters, has now used powerful theoretical and computational tools to predict the existence of a "most strange" dibaryon, made up of two "Omega baryons" that contain three strange quarks each. [24] The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by " twisted light " can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16] Light from an optical fiber illuminates the metasurface, is scattered in four different directions, and the intensities are measured by the four detectors. From this measurement the state of polarization of light is detected. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[381] viXra:1805.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 08:08:59

Laser-Driven Implosion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Scientists at Osaka University discovered a novel particle acceleration mechanism they describe as a micro-bubble implosion, in which super-high energy hydrogen ions (relativistic protons) are emitted at the moment when bubbles shrink to atomic size through the irradiation of hydrides with micron-sized spherical bubbles by ultraintense laser pulses [13] Conventional electron accelerators have become an indispensable tool in modern research. [12] An outstanding conundrum on what happens to the laser energy after beams are fired into plasma has been solved in newly-published research at the University of Strathclyde. [11] Researchers at Lund University and Louisiana State University have developed a tool that makes it possible to control extreme UV light-light with much shorter wavelengths than visible light. [10] Tiny micro-and nanoscale structures within a material's surface are invisible to the naked eye, but play a big role in determining a material's physical, chemical, and biomedical properties. [9] A team of researchers led by Leo Kouwenhoven at TU Delft has demonstrated an on-chip microwave laser based on a fundamental property of superconductivity, the ac Josephson effect. They embedded a small section of an interrupted superconductor, a Josephson junction, in a carefully engineered on-chip cavity. Such a device opens the door to many applications in which microwave radiation with minimal dissipation is key, for example in controlling qubits in a scalable quantum computer. [8]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[380] viXra:1805.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 08:26:21

Avogadro Constant in Combat with Atomic Mass Unit

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 2 Pages.

In May 2019 a new value for the Avogadro constant will be introduced. However its proposed value is in contradiction with the value of the atomic mass unit, whichever amu is taken: the one based on normal mass values, or the one based on mass values influenced by binding energies in atomic nuclei, via E(nergy) = mc2. This article presents an alternative approach.
Category: Quantum Physics

[379] viXra:1805.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 09:13:41

How Many Postulates is Special Relativity Based Upon ?

Authors: Yevgeny B. Karasik
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is shown that in addition to the two well known postulates of special relativity, namely the constancy of the speed of light in any inertial frame of reference and the principle of relativity, there is a third postulate special relativity is based upon. This postulate is the assumption that it is possible to synchronize clocks located at different points of the same inertial frame of reference. This assumption implies that common time exists for all points of the same inertial frame of reference, which can be considered as another formulation of the same postulate.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[378] viXra:1805.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 09:41:39

Erase a Quantum Bit

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

The minimum amount energy needed to erase a quantum bit (qubit) of information has been measured for the first time. [36] It may sound like the stuff of fairy tales, but in the 1950s two numerical models initially developed as a pet project by physicists led to the birth of an entirely new field of physics: computational statistical mechanics. [35] New research gives insight into a recent experiment that was able to manipulate an unprecedented number of atoms through a quantum simulator. This new theory could provide another step on the path to creating the elusive quantum computers. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[377] viXra:1805.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 12:26:01

Exploring the Origin of Gravity

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 5 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Physicists assume that the origin of gravity is still obscure. However, since more than two centuries the essence of the origin of gravity occurs in scientific papers. The interpretation of this root is not straightforward and telling the whole story requires a solid mathematical model.
Category: Quantum Physics

[376] viXra:1805.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 13:22:30

The Use of Energy Pricing in Renewable Smartgrids

Authors: Antoine Warnery
Comments: 9 Pages. French

The purpose of this paper is to explore how the pricing energy can best serve the aims of environmental policy.
Category: Economics and Finance

[375] viXra:1805.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 06:13:14

Stellar Metamorphosis: Life Paradigm

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 3 pages, 3 pictures, 2 quotes

A new life paradigm made possible by the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis1 (GTSM) is presented. Exploring the origins of life and its co-dependancy on astron2 evolution.
Category: Physics of Biology

[374] viXra:1805.0411 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-15 15:41:44

Questions Concerning the Foundation of the Theory of Relativity

Authors: Lars Frølund Jensen
Comments: 11 Pages. An additional argument against SR, plus minor changes in the paper

In this paper I argue for the following assertions: 1. Special Relativity (SR) leads to predictions, which are in conflict with its own foundation. 2. There exist a scientific "approved" alternative theory which – probably – are in completely accordance with all the experimental results, which seems to have confirmed SR.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[373] viXra:1805.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 06:41:21

The Unique Constant of Nature

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 18 Pages. Robert Yusupov © The Unique Constant of Nature May 21, 2018

In this article, the author shows that the basis of the universe is one constant dimensionless quantity. Everything in nature is connected with this constant. The author proposes a materialistic YRA - a model of the universe, the foundations of nature, the structure and algorithm of the evolution of the Universe. In the foundations of nature there is only one this constant. And the diversity of the foundations of nature is linked together by this one-of-a-kind nature constant. This is a unique constant of nature, the Universe. We can say that this is the magic constant of the Universe. But do not fall into mysticism, believe in magic, indulge in exoteric or esotericism and preach idealism. The origin and magnitude of this constant find their simple and natural explanation in material nature.
Category: Classical Physics

[372] viXra:1805.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 07:40:28

Antineutrino's PROSPECT

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30] Now our new study – which hints that extremely light particles called neutrinos are likely to make up some of the dark matter – challenges our current understanding of its composition. [29] A new particle detector design proposed at the) could greatly broaden the search for dark matter—which makes up 85 percent of the total mass of the universe yet we don't know what it's made of—into an unexplored realm. [28]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[371] viXra:1805.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 07:56:52

Proofing the Collatz Conjecture by Mathematical Induction

Authors: Zhang Tianshu
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this article, the author applies the mathematical induction, classifies positive integers, and passes operations according to the operational rule, to achieve the goal that proves the Collatz conjecture finally.
Category: Number Theory

[370] viXra:1805.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 09:33:54

Ternary Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

For the first time, physicists have experimentally demonstrated ternary—rather than binary—quantum correlations between entangled objects. [26] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [25] Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[369] viXra:1805.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 11:37:47

The "Bigbangaton" of Early HCE8S Theory Needs to be Replaced by Gauge Bosons for Fast Space Communication and Metric Space Expansion

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: In the development of HCE8S theory it has become clear that the microwave background radiation is of lesser importance than the much more energetic dark energy components of metric space expansion and faster space communication. Accordingly, the"bigbangaton" gauge boson needs to be replaced with two new gauge bosons for which I propose the names "Cosmophoton" and "Metricon".
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[368] viXra:1805.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 12:49:30

Quantum Entanglement Upside Down

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A team of physicists from ICTP-Trieste and IQOQI-Innsbruck has come up with a surprisingly simple idea to investigate quantum entanglement of many particles. [27] For the first time, physicists have experimentally demonstrated ternary—rather than binary—quantum correlations between entangled objects. [26] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [25] Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[367] viXra:1805.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 13:52:40

Risk-Deformed Regulation: What Went Wrong with Nfpa 805

Authors: Raymond HV Gallucci
Comments: 50 Pages. This documents the twists and turns necessary for the US commercial nuclear power regulation for "risk-informed, performance-based" fire protection to be established and then adopted at half of the US plants, and declared a "success."

Before proceeding, and lest opponents of nuclear power think this paper lends support to their efforts to shut down the nuclear industry, I must state the following. NFPA 805 will have been successful in that plants transitioning to it will be as safe as or safer than prior to transition. Plants that made no changes will have at least assessed their fire risks and be more knowledgeable of potential weaknesses that could compromise safety. Having found none, they will not have the need for changes. Plants that made effective changes will be safer than before. If you are one who believes the end justifies the means, then this “bottom line” is all that matters and you need read no further. However, if you are one who believes the means are also important, then you are the audience that I address. I am in no way contending that adoption of NFPA 805 compromised safety – I, too, believe that plants will be as safe or safer as a result of the transition. Why I wrote this paper is to express frustration over the “compromises” allowed by the NRC, and the “short-cuts” and “deviations” taken by the nuclear industry, to fulfill the promise of a “sea change” in fire protection at nuclear power plants through risk-informed, performance-based regulation. And, while no diminution of safety will have occurred, it is possible there were missed opportunities to improve safety if changes might have been made, or different changes substituted for those that were made, if not for these “compromises,” “short-cuts” and “deviations.” I must confess to being guilty of false optimism in December 2006 when I wrote “perhaps the single achievement most responsible for the improved regulatory environment for fire protection at commercial nuclear power plants has been the modification to 10CFR50.48 that allows licensees to ‘maintain a fire protection program that complies with NFPA 805 as an alternative to complying with [past, purely deterministic regulations]’” (Gallucci, “Thirty-Three Years of Regulating Fire Protection at Commercial U.S. Nuclear Power Plants: Dousing the Flames of Controversy,” Fire Technology, Vol. 45, pp. 355-380, 2009).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[366] viXra:1805.0402 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-02 18:57:12

A Categorization and Analysis of the `constant Lagrangian' Fits of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 LTG Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 47 Pages.

In this paper I categorize and analyze the `constant Lagrangian' model fits I made of the complete SPARC database of 175 LTG galaxies. Of the 175 galaxies, 45 allowed a single fit rotation curve, so about 26 percent. Another 2 galaxies could almost be plotted on a single fit. Then 36 galaxies could be fitted really nice on crossing dual curves. The reason for the appearance of this dual curve, in its two versions, could be given and related to the galactic constitution and dynamics. Another 25 galaxies could be fitted on parallel transition dual curves. This appearance could also be related to galactic dynamics and galactic mass distribution. Then there were the 19 multiple fit, complex extended galaxies, the complexities of which could be analyzed on the basis of the 4 types of dual fits. In total 128 of the 175 galaxies could be fitted and analyzed very well to reasonably well within the error margins. That is a 73 percent positive rate. This result rules out stochastic coincidence as an explanation of those fits. In my opinion, the success of the `constant Lagrangian' approach indicates that the problem of the galaxy rotation curves, perceived as a virial theorem problem, can be solved solely on the basis of the Lagrangian formulation of the principle of conservation of energy, when applied to this domain existing in between Newton's and Einstein's theories of gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[365] viXra:1805.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 15:40:17

About Much Physics: United Models and Specific Predictions (extract 1)

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 23 Pages.

We address four physics opportunities. First, suggest new elementary particles and forces. Second, explain phenomena such as dark matter. Third, augment and unite physics theories and models. Fourth, point to opportunities for further research.

We use models based on solutions to equations featuring isotropic pairs of isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators.

First, we show solutions that match the known elementary particles. We propose that other solutions correlate with elementary particles that people have yet to detect and with dark energy forces leading to three known eras - early acceleration, subsequent deceleration, and current acceleration - pertaining to the rate of expansion of the universe.

Second, we extend solutions to encompass known conservation-law symmetries. Extended solutions correlate with known kinematics. We suggest that extended solutions describe dark matter, explain ratios of density of dark matter to density of ordinary matter, correlate with dark energy density, and explain other phenomena.

Third, we propose that our work unites, suggests details regarding, extends, suggests complements to, and suggests limits regarding aspects of traditional physics theory. Those aspects include classical physics, special relativity, general relativity, quantum mechanics, the elementary particle Standard Model, the cosmology timeline, and galaxy evolution scenarios. The work provides possible insight regarding foundation of physics topics.

Fourth, we suggest opportunities for people. We suggest opportunities for observational, experimental, and theoretical physics research. We suggest quantum field theory that features few interaction vertices, sums of few terms as alternatives to conditionally convergent sums of infinite numbers of terms, and no needs to deal with some infinities. We point to possible opportunities to further develop and apply modeling and math we use.


Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[364] viXra:1805.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 16:22:23

Proposed Experiment for Finite Energy in Gravity and Electromagnetism Finite Cycle Through Heat

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page.

this paper is an attempt to find whether or not there is nothing but gravity heat motion and electromagnetism
Category: Classical Physics

[363] viXra:1805.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 20:28:48

Third Edition: Final Results on P vs NP Via Integer Factorization and Optimization

Authors: Yuly Shipilevsky
Comments: 18 Pages.

We reduce integer factorization problem to the equivalent problem of minimizing a quadratic polynomial with integer coefficients over the integer points in a quadratically constrained two-dimensional region. Next, we reduce integer factorization problem to the problem of enumeration of vertices of integer hull of a special two-dimensional rational polyhedron, solvable in time polynomial by Hartmann's algorithm. Finally, as we show that there exists an NP-hard minimization problem, equivalent to the original minimization problem, we conclude that P = NP.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[362] viXra:1805.0398 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-27 19:21:30

An Alternative Way to Write Fermat's Equation

Authors: Chris Sloane
Comments: 20 Pages.

We discovered a way to write the equation x^n+y^n-z^n=0 first studied by Fermat, in powers of 3 other variables defined as; the sum t = x+y-z, the product (xyz) and another term r = x^2+yz-xt-t^2. Once x^n+y^n-z^n is written in powers of t, r and (xyz) we found that 3 cases of a prime factor q of x^2+yz divided t. We realized that from this alternative form of Fermat’s equation if all cases of q divided t that this would lead to a contradiction and solve Fermat’s Last Theorem. Intrigued by this, we then discover that the fourth case, q=3sp+1 also divides t when using a lemma that uniquely defines an aspect of Fermat’s equation resulting in the following theorem: If x^p +y^p -z^p =0 and suppose x,y,z are pairwise co- prime then any prime factor q of (x^2 +yz) will divide t ,where t= x+y-z
Category: Number Theory

[361] viXra:1805.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 22:55:01

Refutation of Linear Algebra as not Bivalent © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

Linear implication, resource interpretation to avoid the frame problem, and the linear transformation property are not tautologous. In particular, Tony Hoare's 1985 vending machine example as stated below is not tautologous: "Suppose a candy bar by candy, and a dollar by $1. To state a dollar will buy one candy bar, write the implication $1 ⇒ candy. But in ordinary (classical or intuitionistic) logic, from A and A ⇒ B one can conclude A ∧ B. So, ordinary logic leads us to believe that we can buy the candy bar and keep our dollar!"
Category: Number Theory

[360] viXra:1805.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 05:52:35

High-Speed Optical Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Graphene Flagship researchers have shown for the first time gate tunable third harmonic generation in graphene. [35] One can also imagine making a superconducting transistor out of graphene, which you can switch on and off, from superconducting to insulating. That opens many possibilities for quantum devices." [34] A team of scientists has detected a hidden state of electronic order in a layered material containing lanthanum, barium, copper, and oxygen (LBCO). [33] Now in a new study, researchers have discovered the existence of a positive feedback loop that gratly enhances the superconductivity of cuprates and may shed light on the origins of high-temperature cuprate superconductivity— considered one of the most important open questions in physics. [33] Using ultracold atoms, researchers at Heidelberg University have found an exotic state of matter where the constituent particles pair up when limited to two dimensions. [32] Neutron diffraction at the Australian Centre for Neutron Scattering has clarified the absence of magnetic order and classified the superconductivity of a new next-generation of superconductors in a paper published in Europhysics Letters. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[359] viXra:1805.0393 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-30 06:14:33

Pendulum Represents Binary Quantum State of Oscillations

Authors: Masataka Ohta
Comments: 2 Pages.

There is a straightforward correspondence between superposition of polarization modes of photons and that of classical radio waves. While classical particles cannot be superpositioned, classical waves can be, which is within classical intuition. Even more intuitively, two dimensional oscillations of a pendulum represent oscillating binary quantum state such as polarization state of photons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[358] viXra:1805.0392 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-31 20:23:04

Qubit as a Polarization Division Multiplexed Quadrature Amplitude Modulated Symbol of Light

Authors: Masataka Ohta
Comments: 5 Pages.

With optical communication technology today, it is practical to communicate with polarization division multiplexed (PDM) quadrature amplitude modulated (QAM) symbols, which are quantum superposition of horizontally and vertically polarized photons, which are, so called, qubits. As the number of bits encoded by a PDM QAM symbol is limited, according to Shannon-Hartley theorem, by signal to noise ratio, the degree of parallelism of quantum computers is limited. The result is consistent with quantum threshold theorem. Quantum entanglement between qubits only makes the number of bits encoded by the qubits smaller, because entanglement means correlation between the qubits. Thus, quantum computers are not more powerful than classical ones. Finally, it is shown that purely classical computers can be arbitrarily fast and ideal, that is, noiseless, quantum computers are classical.
Category: Quantum Physics

[357] viXra:1805.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 08:08:03

Brain Function Connectivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[356] viXra:1805.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 08:20:13

Convincing Confirmation of Exclusive Model of the Proton Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. in Atomic Measurement the Proton Can be Presented as a Positron Kernel with an Electron Shell.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In atomic measurement the proton can be presented as a positron kernel with an electron shell.
Category: Astrophysics

[355] viXra:1805.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 08:38:47

Question 462: Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents some integrals for pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[354] viXra:1805.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 08:41:03

Question 464: Two Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents two integrals involving pi.
Category: Number Theory

[353] viXra:1805.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 09:18:08

Unified Complex-Dynamical Theory of Financial, Economic, and Social Risks and Their Efficient Management: Reason-Based Governance for Sustainable Development

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 9 Pages. Published as section 8.4 of the book: A. P. Kirilyuk, Theory of Everything, Ultimate Reality and the End of Humanity: Extended Sustainability by the Universal Science of Complexity (LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Beau Bassin, 2017), viXra:1802.0168

An extended analysis compared to observations shows that modern “globalised” world civilisation has passed through the invisible “complexity threshold”, after which usual “spontaneous”, empirically driven kind of development (“invisible hand” etc.) cannot continue any more without major destructive tendencies. A much deeper, non-simplified understanding of real interaction complexity is necessary in order to cope with such globalised world development problems. Here we introduce the universal definition, fundamental origin, and dynamic equations for a major related quantity of (systemic) risk characterising real complex system development tendencies at any level of dynamics. Practically important conclusions are derived, opening further detailed applications in economy, finance and development practice.
Category: Economics and Finance

[352] viXra:1805.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 09:55:06

Computational Statistical Mechanics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

It may sound like the stuff of fairy tales, but in the 1950s two numerical models initially developed as a pet project by physicists led to the birth of an entirely new field of physics: computational statistical mechanics. [35] New research gives insight into a recent experiment that was able to manipulate an unprecedented number of atoms through a quantum simulator. This new theory could provide another step on the path to creating the elusive quantum computers. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[351] viXra:1805.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 10:29:45

Diamond String to Quantum Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[350] viXra:1805.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 10:31:27

Refutation of the Born Rule in Eqm as the Probability of the Wave Function Squared © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The equation as rendered is not tautologous, and differs from contradictory by two values.
Category: Quantum Physics

[349] viXra:1805.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 11:42:00

OPERA Neutrino Oscillations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

The OPERA experiment, located at the Gran Sasso Laboratory of the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), was designed to conclusively prove that muon-neutrinos can convert to tau-neutrinos, through a process called neutrino oscillation, whose discovery was awarded the 2015 Nobel Physics Prize. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30] Now our new study – which hints that extremely light particles called neutrinos are likely to make up some of the dark matter – challenges our current understanding of its composition. [29]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[348] viXra:1805.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 12:59:23

Does Einstein's Field Equation(s) Provide an Exact Description of Classical Space-Time?

Authors: Satwik Choudhury
Comments: 26 Pages.

It will be showed based on the ground of pure reasoning, that classical space-time as derived from Einstein’s Field Equation(s) is not in conformity with an exact relativistic theory of Gravitation (surprisingly!), contrary to usual belief. Also it signs for a distance-scale, for which the exact nature of space-time, and as found from Field-Equations must have a significant discrepancy between them. And most importantly, this will be showed WITHOUT using any ad-hoc basis assumption or hypothesis or untested theories. Only known and unambiguous laws of Physics will be used in a coherent and consistent manner to arrive at this conclusion. The author strongly believes in the fact that all deep and beautiful things in nature must be simple enough! Therefore simplicity has been tried at best to preserve everywhere. First this conjecture will be proved for Schwarzschild space-time, one of the simplest solutions of Einstein’s Field Equation(s). Later same will be shown for other known space-times, pointing to the fact that the trouble is not inherent in solution(s), but in the key-equation (EFE) itself. Finally experimental support towards this proposition will also be presented; it will be showed that, the key-ingredient (of a relativistic-theory of gravity) which is proposed to be missing in General Relativity, if we include its effect correctly to the solutions of the field-equations, it can properly describe some gravitational anomaly quantitatively (not describable by GR), long been superseded from Scientific Community.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[347] viXra:1805.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 15:08:49

Bringing Deep Learning to IoT Devices Using Higher Order Logic(HOL)/Scala/Haskell/JVM as an Informatics Platform – A Novel Suggestion in the Context of Hardware/Software/Firmware Co-Design Approaches.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

As explained in the TITLE mentioned above,it is very much inspiring to probe the frontiers of IoT & its application domains in the context of science & technology using HOL/Scala/Haskell/JVM To the best of our knowledge,this is one of the pioneering efforts in this promising,challenging & inspiring aspects of DEEP LEARNING.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[346] viXra:1805.0379 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-09 21:33:43

A Simple, Direct Proof, Using Set-Theory, of Fermat's Last Theorem (FLT)

Authors: Philip A. Bloom
Comments: 3 Pages.

There is no confirmed, simple proof of Fermat's last theorem (FLT) for each integral n > 2. Our proposed, simple proof of FLT is based on our algebraic identity, a function of two variables, denoted for convenience as r ^ n + s ^ n = t ^ n. For positive integral values of n, we relate ( r, s ,t ) for which r ^ n + s ^ n = t ^ n holds, with ( x, y, z ) for which x ^ n + y ^ n = z ^ n holds. From these true equations we infer by direct argument ( not by way of contradiction ), that { ( r, s, t ) | r, s, t in Z, r ^ n + s ^ n = t ^ n } = { ( x, y, z )| r, s, t in Z, x ^ n + y ^ n = z ^ n } for any given n for which these sets are nonempty. Also, we show, for n > 2, that {( r, s, t ) | r, s, t in Z } is null. Hence, for n > 2, set { ( x, y, z ) | x, y, z in Z } is null
Category: Number Theory

[345] viXra:1805.0378 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-04 15:46:27

Using “Enhanced Quantization” to Bound the Cosmological Constant, and Computing Quantum Number N for Production of 100 Relic Mini Black Holes in a Spherical Region of Emergent Space-Time

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 19 Pages. Update for the purpose of being a physics source document for 2 articles in Marcel Grossman 15, and 2 articles in DICE 2018, plus a description of gravity to be cherry picked and used in experimental gravity, Marcel Grossman 15

We are looking at comparison of two action integrals and we identify the Lagrangian multiplier as setting up a constraint equation (on cosmological expansion). This is a direct result of the fourth equation of our manuscript which unconventionally compares the action integral of General relativity with the second derived action integral, which then permits equation 5, which is a bound on the Cosmological constant. What we have done is to replace the Hamber Quantum gravity reference-based action integral with a result from John Klauder’s “Enhanced Quantization”. In doing so, with Padamabhan’s treatment of the inflaton, we then initiate an explicit bound upon the cosmological constant. The other approximation is to use the inflaton results and conflate them with John Klauder’s Action principle for a way to, if we have the idea of a potential well, generalized by Klauder, with a wall of space time in the Pre Planckian-regime to ask what bounds the Cosmological constant prior to inflation. And, get an upper bound on the mass of a graviton. We conclude with a redo of a multiverse version of the Penrose cyclic conformal cosmology to show how this mass of a heavy graviton is consistent from cycle to cycle. All this is possible due to equation 4. And we compare all this with results of reference [1] in the conclusion. While showing its relevance to early universe production of black holes, and the volume of space producing 100 black holes of say 10^2 times Planck Mass. Initially in radii of 10^3 Planck length, of space-time for say entropy of about 1000 initially speaking. Key words: Inflaton, action integral, Cosmological Constant, Penrose cyclic cosmology, black holes, massive gravitons, enhanced quantization
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[344] viXra:1805.0377 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-26 14:50:45

Envp, Another Prime Number Based Strategy to Encode Graphs

Authors: Prashanth R. Rao
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper we show a method to encode graphs with a numerical value that follows unique labeling of each vertex or node and unique labeling of each edge of a graph with unique prime numbers. Each edge is defined as the connectivity between two vertices, therefore two vertices or nodes connected by an edge may be represented by the “ edge-nodes value ” derived by raising the prime number representing the edge to the product of the primes representing the two nodes that are connected by that edge. Multiplying all the “edge-nodes values” of a single graph will represent a unique number albeit very large in majority of cases. Given this unique number called the “Edge-nodes values product”, it is possible to derive the structure of the given graph. This encoding may allow new approaches to graph isomorphism, cryptography, quantum computing, data security, artificial intelligence, etc.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[343] viXra:1805.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 01:58:19

Quantum Repeater

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Physicists at Saarland University in Saarbrücken, Germany, have succeeded in entangling a single atom with a single photon in the telecom wavelength range. [28] A team of physicists from ICTP-Trieste and IQOQI-Innsbruck has come up with a surprisingly simple idea to investigate quantum entanglement of many particles. [27] For the first time, physicists have experimentally demonstrated ternary—rather than binary—quantum correlations between entangled objects. [26] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [25] Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[342] viXra:1805.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 09:03:40

Some Topological Paradoxes of Relativity (Epr). (English Version)/

Authors: V.A.Kasimov
Comments: 18 Pages. In English

In the footsteps of the article by A. Aspect "BELL'S THEOREM: the naive view of an experimentalist". As in equation (23) has detected an error (or typo), I took the trouble to verify calculations from 1 to 5 sections of the article. Are some clarifying points that are important for understanding the essence. Given an elementary conclusion of formulas (3), which is omitted in the article. The Bell's inequality, derived on the basis of the general model for a dichotomous variable, disturbed the quantum mechanical model for a pair of "entangled" photons. In Bell's article it is clearly (though not very detailed) shown. No " artificial gadgets" is not able to resolve this contradiction. The only thing that causes confusion is the procedure of creating a mixed state of two photons and the essence conceptual view of mathematics experiment. Theoretically, this procedure can be represented as a symmetrization of the wave function of the pair. However, how does the transfer of this idea to the technical essence of the experiment is unclear.
Category: Quantum Physics

[341] viXra:1805.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 09:50:22

A Brief History of Gravity from Newton to the Present

Authors: Jose P. Koshy
Comments: 4 Pages. Essay written for the Gravity Research Foundation (20-3-2018 )

We live in a 'physical universe' where bodies follow mathematical laws, and not in a 'mathematical universe'. So the concepts in physics should be inferred from observations, not from equations. Equations come only when we quantify things to verify the concepts. Newtonian gravity, though it contains some gaps, require only 'physical' bodies to explain gravity. But General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics require mathematical-artifacts inferred from equations (like 'spacetime' and 'virtual particles') to explain gravity. This seems unscientific; so let us go back to Newtonian concepts. The following assumptions can fill the gaps in Newtonian concepts, and give a clear and complete picture of gravity: (i). Motion is a fundamental property of bodies (ii). Gravity is reaction to motion
Category: Classical Physics

[340] viXra:1805.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 10:57:33

Island of Stellar Stability

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 7 Pages. 1 graph

It is presented a graph where the radii and mass of over 200 stars is presented as an island of evolutionary stability. Stars that are stable and evolve normally becoming "planets" fit on this island. The stars move towards the origin, (0,0). The idea for this is from the isotope island of stability, where elements are stable, versus where they can fly apart during radioactive decay.
Category: Astrophysics

[339] viXra:1805.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 11:19:53

Heart Cells Remote Control

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and their collaborators have developed a technique that allows them to speed up or slow down human heart cells growing in a dish on command—simply by shining a light on them and varying its intensity. [21] Researchers at Houston Methodist and Rice University have made a discovery that will impact the design of not only drug delivery systems, but also the development of newer applications in water filtration and energy production. [20] A new method has been developed to make drugs 'smarter' using nanotechnology so they will be more effective at reaching their target. [19] It's called gene editing, and University of Alberta researchers have just published a game-changing study that promises to bring the technology much closer to therapeutic reality. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11]
Category: Physics of Biology

[338] viXra:1805.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 23:34:28

Refutation of Gleason's Theorem © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

"Effectively, the theorem says that any legitimate probability measure on the space of measurement outcomes is generated by some quantum state." The equation as rendered is not tautologous. This means Gleason's theorem is not logically "a mathematical result which shows that the rule one uses to calculate probabilities in quantum physics follows logically [sic] from particular assumptions about how measurements are represented mathematically".
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[337] viXra:1805.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 01:51:45

Does Matter Attract or Repel Antimatter?

Authors: Vaggelis Talios
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is quite clear that the heteronymous charged particles and charged material bodies are attracted to each other and the homonymous charged are repelled. So the positively charged protons repel the other protons, while the negatively charged electrons are also repelled between each other. However, pro-tons and electrons, because they have heteronymous charges are attracted. The same happens to the positively or negatively charged material bodies. Something similar is also happened with the charged particles and bodies of the antimatter. But when we have neutral particles, such as neutrons and atoms, or uncharged bodies of matter or antimatter, this state is reversed by neutrons to attract the other neutrons, –strong nuclear force–, atoms to attract other atoms, and the material bodies to be attract-ed between them, –gravitation–. The above properties of the charged particles and bodies and the reversal of these properties to neutral particles and uncharged bodies lead us to a new rule that “neutral particles and uncharged bodies of matter are attracted to one another but they are repelled by neutral particles and uncharged bodies of antimatter”.
Category: Classical Physics

[336] viXra:1805.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 03:40:05

The Use of Renewable Energy in High-Rise Buildings in Seaside Cities

Authors: Ri Un-Chol, Ri Gum-Chol, Ri Kwang-Chon, Mun Gil-Woon,Han Sun-Hyok
Comments: 2 Pages.

Solar energy is one of the cleanest energy sources. The proportion of renewable energy used in total building energy consumption is more than 5%. "Preferences:" The amount of renewable energy used in the total building energy consumption is more than 10%. "Explanatory Notes on the Indicators Explanatory Notes on Solar Hot Water the system description is: 5% the following indicators can be used to judge - if the cell
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[335] viXra:1805.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 04:40:29

Quantum Dots from Tea

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins—just a hair above absolute zero—and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by " twisted light " can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[334] viXra:1805.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 05:36:58

AI Combined with Stem Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[333] viXra:1805.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 08:45:00

Diamond Spin-Off Tech

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

It may sound contradictory, but diamonds are the key to a new technique that could provide a very-low-cost alternative to multimillion-dollar medical imaging and drug-discovery devices. [12] Lead researcher Dr Jonathan Breeze, from Imperial's Department of Materials, said: "This breakthrough paves the way for the widespread adoption of masers and opens the door for a wide array of applications that we are keen to explore. We hope the maser will now enjoy as much success as the laser." [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Condensed Matter

[332] viXra:1805.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 10:25:17

Supersonic Waves in Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory made the first observations of waves of atomic rearrangements, known as phasons, propagating supersonically through a vibrating crystal lattice—a discovery that may dramatically improve heat transport in insulators and enable new strategies for heat management in future electronics devices. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[331] viXra:1805.0362 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-23 10:37:31

Simulation for the UNSW Quantum Programmable Computer

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 1 Page. @warlockach

The purpose of this paper is to suggest a process to generate simulations on the UNSW Programmable Quantum Computer.
Category: Number Theory

[330] viXra:1805.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 15:56:37

A Corrected Reanalysis of the Two Swimmers Problem, as Frequent Model of Michelson’s Interferometric Experiment.

Authors: Ioan Has, Simona Miclaus, Aurelian Has
Comments: 14 Pages. Utilized our previous works are cited and commented. Utilized other works are cited and quoted then commented

The article initially reviews various works describing the physical model (PM) of Michelson’s interferometric experiment (ME) represented by the race between two swimmers Sw1, Sw2 (or boats, or planes, or sound signals etc.). The two swimmers must each swim the same distance, but Sw1 will go downstream the river flow, and Sw2 will go perpendicularly to this direction. In all such works, it is considered that Sw2’s path will require less time and that it will reach the first the start point. However, it is found that, in order to make this possible, Sw2 must not observe the orthogonality rule of his start direction, an action which is actually a deceit of the arbiters, and, hence, this will be a non-fair-play action towards Sw1. The article proves by calculus that if the fair-play rules are observed, then the correct crosswise path is a right triangle instead of isosceles triangle considered by Michelson. And as consequence the two times shall be perfectly equal and the race ends in a tie, and the Sw2 myth of race winner shall be dashed to the ground. Note that the same result shall also be applicable to Michelson’s interferometric experiment (ME) as well as to any similar experiment. As consequence, utilising the isosceles triangle for transversal path in PM and also in ME is an error.
Category: Classical Physics

[329] viXra:1805.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 16:21:06

Analysis of Electric Dipoles Interaction Forces as a Function of the Distance and of the Form of Electrical Force Law.

Authors: Ioan Has, Simona Miclaus, Aurelian Has
Comments: 10 Pages. Our previous works and other works utilized are cited and commented.

Here, we initially introduced and demonstrated two principles: orientation OR principle and attraction AT principle of electrical dipoles. The OR principle stipulates that any two electrical dipoles P1A, P1B, from two bodies A and B, at any distance in the free state each, will be reciprocally oriented parallel and in the same sense if the electrical interaction forces F between them are of decreasing type with distance. If the electrical interaction forces F are of increasing type with distance, the two dipoles will be reciprocally oriented parallel but on the opposite sense. The AT principle stipulate that any two electrical dipoles P1A, P1B, at any distance in the free state each, will present always a reciprocal force of attraction FD in both cases of orientation accordingly to OR principle in case of any type of electrical force F decreasing or increasing with distance. These findings may complete our previous work [10] where we found that FD force, between two electrical dipoles P1A, P1B considered at atomic and nuclear level, is in fact the actual gravitation Newton force FN. The paper [10] must be considered together with this work for more consistencies
Category: Classical Physics

[328] viXra:1805.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 16:12:46

Dark Matter Device To Create A New Universe

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 1 Page. @warlockach

The purpose of this paper is to suggest a Dark Matter Device that can be set off in the Cold Spot to create a new Universe.
Category: Number Theory

[327] viXra:1805.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 17:09:07

An Alternative Approach to the Calculation of Mechanical Torque, Developed by the Localized Spinning Electromagnetic Field – the Field Gyroscope.

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 7 Pages.

The paper considers an alternative approach (when compared to the previous author's approach) on calculating the torque, developed by a localized spinning electric field. The displacement current, developed by the spinning vector, is shown as a cross product of the angular velocity and the spinning field. Analysis of the developed force is based on the Poynting vector, crossing the involved area A. The final result looks strange, but can be explained basing on the dominating role of the rotation process.
Category: Classical Physics

[326] viXra:1805.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 17:47:00

Structure Formation in the Early Universe as a Result of Non Linear Electrodynamics Influencing Scale Factor Size with Attendant Changes in Gravitational Potential and Its Relationship to the 3 Body Problem.

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 9 Pages. If endorsed as acceptable by Corda, this will be submitted as a would be talk to Marcel Grossman 15, before May 30

We find that having the scale factor close to zero due to a given magnetic field value in, an early universe magnetic field affects how we would interpret Mukhanov’s chapter on ‘self reproduction of the universe’ in in his reference “Physical foundations of cosmology” terms of production of inhomogeneity during inflation and its aftermath. The stronger an early universe magnetic field is, the greater the likelihood of production of about 20 new domains of size 1/ H, with H early universe Hubble’s constant, per Planck time interval in evolution. One final caveat to consider. What may happen is that the Camara (2004) density and Quintessential density (Corda et al.) are both simultaneously satisfied, which would put additional restrictions on the magnetic field which in turn affects structure formation. In time, once Eq.(16) of this paper is refined further, the author hopes that some of the issues raised by Kobayashi and Seto as to allowed inflation models may be addressed, once further refinement of these preliminary results commences . We close as to how fluctuations in the Hubble expansion parameter, H, as given below may affect structure as given in reference [10] below. We close with statements as to the value of in a gravitational potential proportional to and how this adjustment affects the 3 body problem.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[325] viXra:1805.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 04:11:21

Quantum Probability Rule

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [25] Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[324] viXra:1805.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-12 05:12:19

Boundary Matrices and the Marcus-de Oliveira Determinantal Conjecture

Authors: Ameet Sharma
Comments: 10 Pages.

We present notes on the Marcus-de Oliveira conjecture. The conjecture concerns the region in the complex plane covered by the determinants of the sums of two normal matrices with prescribed eigenvalues. Call this region ∆. This paper focuses on boundary matrices of ∆. We prove 4 theorems regarding these boundary matrices. We propose 2 conjectures related to the Marcus-de Oliveira conjecture.
Category: Algebra

[323] viXra:1805.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 06:35:52

Google Pushes Artificial Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[322] viXra:1805.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 06:56:08

Polynomial Encryption

Authors: Yeray Cachón Santana
Comments: 12 Pages. Feel free to send any comment to ycachon@gmail.com

This paper proposes a new method to encrypt and decrypt a message by special functions formed by Hermite, Laguerre, Tchebychev and Bessel The idea to encrypt a message will be by using base changes from the Taylor base to the bases of those special functions. The Hermite, Lagurrre, Tchebychev and Bessel polynomials are orthogonal, so they form a base set on a Hilbert space. The encryption will be using several sequences of those base changes according to a number sequence. According to Hilbert space, as those are orthogonal polynomials, those functions form a orthogonal base. So, a change base can be done between a Taylor base and those bases - this is the method that will be used in order to encrypt a message.
Category: General Mathematics

[321] viXra:1805.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 07:13:15

Molecular Drug Delivery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Researchers at Houston Methodist and Rice University have made a discovery that will impact the design of not only drug delivery systems, but also the development of newer applications in water filtration and energy production. [20] A new method has been developed to make drugs 'smarter' using nanotechnology so they will be more effective at reaching their target. [19] It's called gene editing, and University of Alberta researchers have just published a game-changing study that promises to bring the technology much closer to therapeutic reality. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[320] viXra:1805.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 09:01:20

42, It’s Just a Number

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

a humorous essay about life and physics unification
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[319] viXra:1805.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 08:23:36

A Concentric Solar Still - Details

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 5 Pages.

The yield of potable water in a still can be increased when the saturated steam layer over all surfaces is blown away. In a concentric distiller, this task may be achieved by natural convection without any external energy. The necessary temperature difference is generated by optimized components, which are separated from the distiller (boiler).
Category: Classical Physics

[318] viXra:1805.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 04:25:56

The Shape of Laser Pulses

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A team of researchers at the Center for Relativistic Laser Science, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have developed a method to measure the shape of laser pulses in ambient air. [16] Studying the fleeting actions of electrons in organic materials will now be much easier, thanks to a new method for generating fast X-rays. [15] In a laboratory at the University of Rochester, researchers are using lasers to change the surface of metals in incredible ways, such as making them super water-repellent without the use of special coatings, paints, or solvents. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[317] viXra:1805.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 04:28:50

Measuring an Antineutrino's Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino—the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[316] viXra:1805.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 04:51:36

Outline of a Kinematic Light Experiment

Authors: Christian M. Wackler
Comments: 8 Pages.

The question whether light moves with constant or variable velocity is indubitably of the utmost importance. Preliminary reflections concerning the nature of that movement contrast the hypotheses of propagation and emission. As a brief historical examination reveals, alleged evidences in favour of the invariance postulate turn out to be erroneous or inconclusive and supposedly decisive tests methodologically invalid. An emission theory based on Michael Faraday's idea of ray vibrations is shown to be in accordance with observation. The question whether the speed of light depends on the velocity of its source has thus not been settled experimentally since only a kinematic test, to date never conducted, can give an unambiguous answer. Juxtaposed to seemingly similar but defective designs Wilhelm Wien put forward in 1904, such an experiment, amending a set-up suggested by Herbert Dingle, is proposed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[315] viXra:1805.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 08:10:39

Mathematical Nature of Gravity

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 35 Pages. Cite: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.6214049.v4

General Relativity says gravity is a push caused by space-time's curvature. Combining it with E=mc2 results in distances being totally deleted from space-time/gravity by future technology, and in expansion or contraction of the universe as a whole being eliminated. The road to these conclusions has branches shining light on supersymmetry and superconductivity. Advanced waves are usually discarded by most scientists because they're thought to be detectable before even being emitted, and thus to violate causality. Richard Feynman found that adding the contributions of advanced and retarded waves creates a consistent quantum theory called Quantum Electrodynamics in which the terms that might violate causality cancel precisely. Here, causality's violation is viewed through Isaac Newton's idea of gravity and the modern idea of entanglement. Just as advanced waves are usually discarded, few physicists or mathematicians will venture to ascribe a physical meaning to Wick rotation and "imaginary" time. Here, that maths (when joined with Mobius-strip and Klein-bottle topology) unifies space and time into one space-time, and allows construction of what may be called "imaginary computers". Starting with the previous version of this article (Matter, Antimatter, Dark Matter and Space-Time Travel in an Infinite and Eternal Universe with Extra Dimensions), this gained an Altmetric Score of 1: high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received as research output. From start to finish, this article consists of the best parts of my layman-style ORCID and paperback contributions over the last 12 years and includes a reference to those contributions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[314] viXra:1805.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 09:49:00

Li\'{e}nard's Generalisation: a Direct Derivation

Authors: Anindya Kumar Biswas
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this pedagogical article, we elucidate on direct derivation of total power emitted by an accelerating charged particle, known as Li\'{e}nard's generalisation.
Category: Classical Physics

[313] viXra:1805.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 11:00:06

A `constant Lagrangian' Fit of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 195 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to the complete SPARC database of 175 galaxies. For twenty five percent, 43 out of 175, of the galaxies of the series, a single fit model already remains nicely within the error margins. Fifteen galaxies are more complicated and clearly need a threefold fit. One exceptional galaxy justified five fits. So 116 galaxies, 66 percent, have a dual fit. The multiple fit appears to follow the mass composition of galaxies as composed of a bulge, possibly a disk and mostly extended gas clouds. As in previous papers, I will first repeat a presentation of the `constant Lagrangian' approach. The original part of this paper is the fit of the complete set of the SPARC database and a first categorization of the result in single, dual, triple or multiple fit galaxies. Through the extensive database fit, the `constant Lagrangian' approach can be inverted from a deductive to an inductive result: huge stretches of all galaxies can be fitted on a constant Lagrangian curve, while remaining within the empirical margin of errors. This paper's galaxy fits prove this restricted claim beyond doubt. The issue then becomes to explain this empirical, inductive result.
Category: Astrophysics

[312] viXra:1805.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 10:58:45

Magnonic Interferometer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[311] viXra:1805.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 12:18:13

PMC-Topology (English Version)

Authors: V.A.Kasimov
Comments: 2 Pages. English

In the mathematical description of physical phenomena is used mainly Point-Metric Classical topology (PMC-topology), embodied in the methods of mathematical analysis. It is necessary to note the important features of the application of PMC-topology to the solution of the problems of space-time relations, which will give us an unambiguous hint at the limitations of its applicability. To understand the reason for this limitation, it is necessary to return to the origins of the continuity concept of point-metric classical topology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[310] viXra:1805.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 14:22:46

Energy Spectra of Quantum Dots

Authors: Markus Johanssen
Comments: 2 Pages.

This is the energy spectra for quantum dot emissions
Category: Condensed Matter

[309] viXra:1805.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 14:29:00

On the Locality of Fields

Authors: Jacob Klumberg, Boris Kyrasov
Comments: 10 Pages.

Suppose we are given a reversible, nonnegative, ultra-partially sub-null arrow r. A central problem in arithmetic is the characterization of unconditionally universal numbers. Recent interest in Artinian subalgebras has centered on describing multiply associative numbers. Recently, there has been much interest in the derivation of super-reducible, extrinsic hulls.
Category: Algebra

[308] viXra:1805.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 14:50:02

Geysers on Enceladus and Europa Prompt Water Rich Earth’s Interior Idea

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 2 Pages.

Waterless Earth's interior concept is connected with one of large piece of iron in Earth's centre. Since latter concept is disproved, water rich Earth sounds logical.
Category: Geophysics

[307] viXra:1805.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 15:27:59

Universal Pattern Leading to Proton Radius Puzzle Solved

Authors: J. Gielen
Comments: 14 Pages.

A unique pattern found in stockmarket graphs is found in all other graphs too. For instance at earthquake graphs, maybe able to predict earlier a break-out. Also leading to the proton, it's movement and even the solvent of the proton radius puzzle! Alpha, pi and proton get connected!
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[306] viXra:1805.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 00:02:59

An Acceptable Hybrid Framework

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a summary essay about a hybrid unification framework
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[305] viXra:1805.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 00:21:07

Set Theory

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

Objective: to create a precise axiomatic system of exact connected meaningful statements which we can use to build set theory from. The purpose is to make explicit our notion of elements before that notion is used in set equivalence. It is required in a dependency framework. We will find that this system is most economical in terms of repetition and symbol usage. We will state and prove a theorem regarding this.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[304] viXra:1805.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 00:53:29

The Nature of Science; the Process of Axiomatization

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

Outline: I. students can 'do' science II. science requires self-discipline III. scientists should organize their minds from childhood IV. scientists must ask 'the hard' questions V. great theoretical scientists need fluency in axiomatization VI. in the process of learning, significant achievements can be made
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[303] viXra:1805.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 01:10:15

Paths to Evil and Good

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

an objective essay about how we can move toward good or evil
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[302] viXra:1805.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 02:11:41

A Classification of Geometric Interactions

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this work we discuss the possibility to classify geometric interactions with respect to the dimensions of the submanifolds which are decomposed and emitted from a differentiable manifold. The manifold, which is assumed to be an elementary particle, can be assumed to have the mathematical structure of a CW complex which is composed of n-cells. The decomposed n-cells will be identified with force carriers. In particular, for the case of differentiable manifolds of dimension three, there are four different types of geometric interactions associated with 0-cells, 1-cells, 2-cells and 3-cells. We discuss in more details the case of geometric interactions that are associated with the decomposition of 3-cells from a differentiable manifold and show that the physical interactions that are associated with the evolution of the geometric processes can be formulated in terms of general relativity.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[301] viXra:1805.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 05:22:42

Quantum Entangled Atomic Clouds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Unlike previous methods of quantum entanglement involving incoherent and thermal clouds of particles, in this experiment, the researchers used a cloud of atoms in the Bose-Einstein condensate state. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[300] viXra:1805.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 13:04:37

On The Mistake That Is Riemann's Prime Zeta Function

Authors: Max Davidović
Comments: 1 Page.

I have succesfully disproved Riemann's hypothesis. It has taken me years of dedicated reseach to realise that such and endeavor is frankly impossible without changing the axioms upon which math is built. The file that I have attached is a shitpost born from my frustration and anger.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[299] viXra:1805.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 16:02:19

The Unique Constant of Nature \\\\\\ Уникальная константа природы

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 17 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> The Unique Constant of Nature May 18, 2018

In this article, the author shows that the basis of the universe is one dimensionless constant. Everything in nature is connected with this constant. The author proposes a materialistic YRA-model of the universe, the foundations of nature, the structure and algorithm of the evolution of the Universe. In the foundations of nature there is only one this constant. And the diversity of the foundations of nature is linked together by this one-of-a-kind nature constant. This is a unique constant of nature, the Universe. We can say that this is the magic constant of the Universe. But do not fall into mysticism and believe in magic. The origin and magnitude of this constant find their simple and natural explanation in material nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автор показывает, что в основе мироздания лежит одна постоянная безразмерностная величина. Всё в природе связано с этой константой. Автором предложена материалистическая YRA-модель мироздания, основ природы, структуры и алгоритма эволюции Вселенной. В основах природы лежит только одна эта константа. И всё многообразие основ природы связано воедино этой единственной в своём роде константой природы. Это уникальная константа природы, Вселенной. Можно сказать, что это магическая константа Вселенной. Но не стоит впадать в мистику и верить в магию. Происхождение и величина этой константы находят своё простое и естественное объяснение в материальной природе.
Category: Classical Physics

[298] viXra:1805.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 18:25:22

Demonstration Riemann's Hypothesis

Authors: Wilson Torres Ovejero
Comments: 12 Pages.

158 years ago that in the complex analysis a hypothesis was raised, which was used in principle to demonstrate a theory about prime numbers, but, without any proof; with the passing Over the years, this hypothesis has become very important, since it has multiple applications to physics, to number theory, statistics, among others In this article I present a demonstration that I consider is the one that has been dodging all this time.
Category: Number Theory

[297] viXra:1805.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 23:34:00

Bond Lengths in a Carbocation Explained in terms of Covalent Radius, Ground State Bohr Radius and the Golden Ratio

Authors: Raji Heyrovska
Comments: 5 pages, two Figures

The author has shown previously that the Golden ratio based ionic radii explain quantitatively the bond lengths in completely ionic as well as partially ionic bonds including hydrogen bonds. These ionic radii and covalent radii were shown to be additive in small as well as large molecules. This work shows that the published bond length data for a carbocation can also be explained using the covalent and Bohr radii and the Golden section of the ground state Bohr radius of carbon.
Category: Chemistry

[296] viXra:1805.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 04:08:03

Quantum Drum Vibrate and Stand

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[295] viXra:1805.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 06:51:23

Illusion Of Light

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 22 Pages.

Besides energy, light presents us fastest and most details of the universe. It made us obsessively visual. It controls our understanding as well as misunderstanding of the universe. We, too, are creatures of motion. Speed is our obsession too. Light and it's speed might seem magical to us. However, what we see is only broadcasting of physical reality in the form of radiations delivered to us in high speed. We only see the visible part of radiations that stands out from the background and perceive it as information. It does not mean background contains less significant information than foreground revealed by light. Additionally, speed of light is no more important than other speed. Say, slow gentle motion can be more beneficial for building structures. To me, light and it's speed do not have any power to alter the fundamentals of the universe. To the contrary, it is the universe in charge of light and speed. No matter how fast the light, space does not allow it to go to next location instantly. The question is, can we be fooled by information in the form of light delivered at light speed, or by our obsession?
Category: Classical Physics

[294] viXra:1805.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 08:19:34

Quantum Entangled Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[293] viXra:1805.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 08:59:23

Recent Experiments Have Found that Magnetic Fields Can Also Attract Shredded Paper

Authors: Wei Fan
Comments: 2 Pages.

We have always believed that only charge can attract light and small objects. In recent experiments, however, I discovered that permanent magnets and electromagnets can attract light and small objects without charge. This can lead us to rethink the phenomenon of frictional electrification.
Category: Classical Physics

[292] viXra:1805.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 09:00:41

New Discovery of Current, Magnetic Field and Electromagnetic Radiation in Electrostatic Phenomenon

Authors: Wei Fan
Comments: 2 Pages.

We have always believed that stationary charges generate an electrostatic field. A moving charge generates a current and a magnetic field. A changing magnetic field produces electromagnetic radiation. Frictional electrification is the generation of electrostatic charge and an electrostatic field through friction. The charge does not move. It has no current, magnetic field and Electromagnetic radiation. However, in the latest experiments we found that a rubbed rule can cause small magnetic needle deflection and electromagnetic radiation. This shows that the rubbed ruler can produce current, magnetic field and electromagnetic radiation. This can lead us to rethink traditional electrostatics.
Category: Classical Physics

[291] viXra:1805.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 13:06:41

Pressure Inside Proton

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by " twisted light " can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16] Light from an optical fiber illuminates the metasurface, is scattered in four different directions, and the intensities are measured by the four detectors. From this measurement the state of polarization of light is detected. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips. [14]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[290] viXra:1805.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 03:02:03

49-Qubit Superconducting Chip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[289] viXra:1805.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 04:57:25

Neutrinoless Beta-Decay Puzzle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30] Now our new study – which hints that extremely light particles called neutrinos are likely to make up some of the dark matter – challenges our current understanding of its composition. [29] A new particle detector design proposed at the) could greatly broaden the search for dark matter—which makes up 85 percent of the total mass of the universe yet we don't know what it's made of—into an unexplored realm. [28] University of Houston scientists are helping to develop a technology that could hold the key to unraveling one of the great mysteries of science: what constitutes dark matter? [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[288] viXra:1805.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 08:21:17

FWT-Theorem, the One-Particle Contextuality, Two-Particle Nonlocality, Entanglement, Wheeler's Experiments with Delayed Choice, and All that ...

Authors: V.A. Kasimov.
Comments: 4 Pages. English

In continuation of the discussion of the results of the Aspect's experiments. An overview of the new results.
Category: Quantum Physics

[287] viXra:1805.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 09:02:16

Low-Energy Quantum Gravity and Cosmology Without Dark Energy

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov
Comments: 8 Pages. Contribution to the Third Zeldovich meeting, 23-27 April 2018, Minsk, Belarus

The model of low-energy quantum gravity leads to small additional effects having essential cosmological consequences: redshifts of remote objects and the additional dimming of them may be interpreted without any expansion of the Universe and without dark energy. The theoretical luminosity distance of the model fits the observational Hubble diagrams with high confidence levels. In the model, the ratio H(z)/(1+z) should be equal to the Hubble constant. The constancy of this ratio is confirmed with high probabilities by fitting the compilation of H(z) observations. A deceleration of massive bodies due to forehead and backhead collisions with gravitons is re-computed here.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[286] viXra:1805.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 11:07:14

Modeling and Simulation of Servo Feed System of CNC Machine Tool Based on Matlab/simulink

Authors: Subom YUN, Onjoeng SIM
Comments: 5 Pages. fig 9, equation 5, reference 9

In the industry, CNC machine tools play an irreplaceable role. It not only realizes the rapid industrial production, but also saves manpower and material resources. It is the symbol of modernization. As an important part of CNC machine tools, feed system plays a very important role on the processing process; it refers to the product's quality problems. According to the principle of mechanical dynamics, I establish a mathematical model of machine tool feed drive system and use Simulink(dynamic simulation tool) in MATLAB to construct the simulation model of the feed system of lathe. We also designed the ANFIS-PID controller to cope with the mathematical model of the complex object and the model uncertainty that exists when there is external noise. These efforts offer effective foundation for the improvement of CNC machine tool.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[285] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-26 20:56:28

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 60 Pages.

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[284] viXra:1805.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 11:47:02

Quantum Phases for Moving Charges and Dipoles in an Electromagnetic Field and Fundamental Equations of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: A.L. Kholmetskii, O.V. Missevitch, T. Yarman, M. Arik
Comments: 12 Pages.

We analyze the quantum phase effects for point-like charges and electric (magnetic) dipoles under a natural assumption that the observed phase for a dipole represents the sum of corresponding phases for charges composing this dipole. This way we disclose two novel quantum phases for charged particles, which we named as complementary electric Aharonov-Bohm (A-B) phase and complementary magnetic A-B phase, respectively. We reveal that these phases are derived from the Schrödinger equation only in the case, where the operator of momentum is re-defined via the replacement of the canonical momentum of particle by the sum of its mechanical momentum and interactional field momentum for a system of charged particles. The related alteration should be made in Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, too, and implications of this modification are discussed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[283] viXra:1805.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 11:53:22

Quantum-Enhanced Sensors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images.
Category: Quantum Physics

[282] viXra:1805.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 12:37:42

Fulgurite Created by Lightning Bullet Also Known as Ball Lightning, According to Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 23 Pages.

FUNCTION FOLLOWS FORM in Quantum FFF THEORY. The FORM and MICROSTRUCTURE of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of FUNCTIONAL differences between Axion- Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles. As a consequence, a NEW splitting, accelerating and pairing MASSLESS BLACK HOLE, able to convert vacuum energy (ZPE) into real energy by entropy decrease, seems to be able to explain quick Galaxy- and Star formation, down to Sunspots, (Micro) Comets, Lightning bolts, Sprites and Elves, Sprite Fireballs, Ball Lightning and even sandy ground pipes called fulgurites, as the result of x-ray lightning bolt linear heating and splitting or evaporation, often found in large numbers at sandy beaches. Fulgurites according to Quantum FFF Theory, are assumed to be the result of the splitting and evaporation of smallest form of “electric dark matter black hole” or rigid string based quantum knots. nuclei.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[281] viXra:1805.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 12:59:56

Van der Waals Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The unusual electronic and magnetic properties of van der Waals (vdW) materials, made up of many 'stacked' 2-D layers, offer potential for future electronics, including spintronics. [26] Researchers at the University of Tokyo used an efficient method to create chiral materials using circularly polarized light. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17]
Category: Condensed Matter

[280] viXra:1805.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 14:51:04

Improvement of the Accuracy of HCE8S Theory Can be Accomplished Simply Yet Strangely

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: In studying the accuracy of HCE8S theory in predicting mc^2 values for the particles, I have made several minor changes which have improved predictions considerably yet in strange ways
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[279] viXra:1805.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 16:37:07

The Cherry on Tau

Authors: Frederik Vantomme
Comments: 8 Pages. Is Stephen Hawking’s End of Pi-day a coincidence?

I propose to rewrite the volume equation for the non-euclidian spherical
Universe in terms of tau instead of π. Written this new way, a truly elegant
equation and deeper structure becomes visible. Further, I postulate
that the Universe is the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, i.e. that the 3
dimensional Universe we live in is the derivative-surface of its 4 dimensional
hypersphere volume.


Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[278] viXra:1805.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 17:06:58

A Technical Note on Using Gentle Compiler Construction System(GCCS) /LLVM/C/Ruby/HPC Interfacing to Probe the Frontiers of FPGA Based Embedded Systems in the Context of Electro-chemical Sensors & IoT Computing Frameworks.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar &, Michelle Ayres Pinto
Comments: 3 Pages. Technical Communication on Electro-chemical Sensors & IoT

It was proposed to design a possible and feasible chemical informatics framework using Electro- chemical Sensors & IoT Computing Architecture based on GCCS-LLVM-C-Ruby interfacing as explained in the above mentioned TITLE.To the best of our knowledge,this communication is one of the pioneering technical notes.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[277] viXra:1805.0302 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-16 23:04:06

Refutation of Gettier Problem of Justified True/false Belief © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

We find justified true belief is not a theorem. We find justified false belief is also not a theorem. This means the Gettier problem as the superset of the justified belief arguments is refuted as a problem and resolved as a non-problem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[276] viXra:1805.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 05:08:56

Atomic Microcosmos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Nürnberg (FAU) have successfully generated controlled electron pulses in the attosecond range. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[275] viXra:1805.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 12:36:10

Analog Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[274] viXra:1805.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 13:28:35

Bacteria Guide Electron Flow

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Biochemists at the University of Illinois have isolated a protein supercomplex from a bacterial membrane that, like a battery, generates a voltage across the bacterial membrane. [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[273] viXra:1805.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-12 21:30:21

On the Entropic Origin of the Cosmos

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 23 Pages.

We present a simple model of cosmology inspired by a cycle of statistical physics involving the age, the size and the entropy of the system. The model is formalized in statistical physics by the introduction of a micro-state q defined only with a time quantity t(q) and a position quantity x(q). In this representation, many of the laws of classical physics (inertia, special relativity, general relativity, and dark energy) are emergent as entropic laws and are associated to the thermodynamic trade-offs between the age and size of the system. The representation also produces an emergent arrow of time which, when acting on these laws, enforces the cosmological horizons that bound the observable universe by abruptly limiting the occupancy rate of the micro-states beyond them.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[272] viXra:1805.0297 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-16 20:50:32

E8 Physics Straight Outta Africa

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 123 Pages.

E8 Physics of viXra 1804.0121 comes from Ancient Africa. Version 2 (v2) corrects particle identification of E8 Root Vectors in a diagram.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[271] viXra:1805.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 19:44:25

Formula to Find Prime Numbers and Composite Numbers with Termination 7

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 9 Pages.

The prime numbers greater than 5 have 4 terminations in their unit to infinity (1,3,7,9) and the composite numbers divisible by numbers greater than 3 have 5 terminations in their unit to infinity, these are (1,3,5,7,9). This paper develops an expression to calculate the prime numbers and composite numbers with ending 7.
Category: Number Theory

[270] viXra:1805.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 22:08:38

Modeling and Simulation of Feed System Design of CNC Machine Tool Based on Matlab/simulink

Authors: Yunsubom
Comments: 8page

In the industry, CNC machine tools plays an irreplaceable role. It not only realizes the rapid industrial production, but also saves manpower and material resources. It is the symbol of modernization. As an important part of CNC machine tools, feed system plays a very important role on the processing process; it refers to the product's quality problems. According to the principle of mechanical dynamics, I establish a mathematical model of machine tool feed drive system and use Simulink(dynamic simulation tool) in MATLAB to construct the simulation model of the feed system of lathe. We also designed the ANFIS-PID controller to cope with the mathematical model of the complex object and the model uncertainty that exists when there is external noise. These efforts offer effective foundation for the improvement of CNC machine tool.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[269] viXra:1805.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 22:37:03

List of Solved Problems of Physics

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 24 Pages. Robert Yusupov © List of Solved Problems of Physics May 15, 2018

This article presents a list of the problems solved within the framework of the “Theory of Nature” by author. “Theory of Nature” is the materialistic physics and cosmology. These are problems of fundamentals of the physics and cosmology. These are problems of fundamentals of the universe, nature and the Universe. These are problems of fundamentals of the dialectical materialism. These are problems of the matter and mass, the elementary charge, the natural units, the fine structure constant, the structure and the evolution of the Universe. These are problems of the insufficiency and discreteness of nature (the Universe).
Category: Classical Physics

[268] viXra:1805.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-17 13:06:49

What is the Space?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 5 Pages.

By the unified theory of dynamic space has been there a forecast of the follow observation that, parallel moving photons of different frequency, reduce locally the cohesive pressure of space, resulting to move with different speeds. So, the photons with higher frequency slow down against parallel moving photons with lower frequency, as on delay in gamma rays from galaxy Markarian 501 was observed. This observation proves that space contains unseen forces, which are evident as deformations of space, such as in the above theory are described. Accordingly, for the great problem of Physics and Philosophy, "What is the space?", there is the answer-solution: "The dynamic space".
Category: Astrophysics

[267] viXra:1805.0292 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-17 15:15:00

Revisiting the Derivation of Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle: The Collapse of Uncertainty at the Planck Scale

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this paper, we will revisit the derivation of Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. We will see how the Heisenberg principle collapses at the Planck scale by introducing a minor modification. The beauty of our suggested modification is that it does not change the main equations in quantum mechanics; it only gives them a Planck scale limit where uncertainty collapses. We suspect that Einstein could have been right after all, when he stated, “God does not throw dice.” His now-famous saying was an expression of his skepticism towards the concept that quantum randomness could be the ruling force, even at the deepest levels of reality. Here we will explore the quantum realm with a fresh perspective, by re-deriving the Heisenberg principle in relation to the Planck scale. Our modified theory indicates that renormalization is no longer needed. Further, Bell’s Inequality no longer holds, as the breakdown of Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle at the Planck scale opens up the possibility for hidden variable theories. The theory also suggests that the superposition principle collapses at the Planck scale. Further, we show how this idea leads to an upper boundary on uncertainty, in addition to the lower boundary. These upper and lower boundaries are identical for the Planck mass particle; in fact, they are zero, and this highlights the truly unique nature of the Planck mass particle.
Category: Quantum Physics

[266] viXra:1805.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 02:07:10

Numerical Simulations Reveal Complexity of Outcomes in Digital Markets

Authors: Bronwyn E Howell, Petrus H Potgieter
Comments: 1 Page.

Bundling is a key feature for information goods. These goods include many of the services like music streaming, gaming and subscription television or video streaming services that make up a substantial share of the modern economy. We have constructed a computer simulation model of markets for information goods that allows us to explore outcomes and strategies under the assumption that firms offer differentiated products and price at discrete price points (not on a theoretical mathematical continuum) and that the consumers are a finite (set of individuals and/or groups). This document outlines our model and results, to appear in a forthcoming paper.
Category: Economics and Finance

[265] viXra:1805.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 03:01:30

Memory Transfer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21]
Category: Mind Science

[264] viXra:1805.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 03:34:29

Czarnodziurowy Wszechświat a Wartość Prędkości Światła ### Black Hole Universe and Speed of Light

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: Pages.

Wykazałem, że wartość prędkości światła w Czarnodziurowym Wszechświecie jest tym mniejsza, im silniejsze jest pole grawitacyjne. Podałem wzór na czas przelotu światła z Ziemi do danego punktu Czarnodziurowego Wszechświata. ### I showed that the speed of light in the Black Hole Universe is the smaller the stronger the gravitational field. I gave the formula for time of travel of light from the Earth to a given point of the Black Hole Universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[263] viXra:1805.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 03:38:00

Black Hole Universe and Speed of Light

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: 3 Pages.

I showed that the speed of light in the Black Hole Universe is the smaller the stronger the gravitational field. I gave the formula for time of travel of light from the Earth to a given point of the Black Hole Universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[262] viXra:1805.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 03:50:04

Establishment of Reasonable Coating Processing of Sample for Scanning Electronic Microscope(sem) Measurement of Nano Material

Authors: Kwang-Il Kim, Il-Man Pak, Tae-Min Ro
Comments: 5 Pages.

The scanning electron microscope has a high resolution, image measurement and micro-zone analysis functions, and is a powerful means in analyzing nanomaterials. However, it is very difficult to measure nanomaterials under tens of nanometers from nanomaterials with deep concave convexes, including nano powders. ㎛-grade porous nanomaterials, the image quality of the scanning electron microscope is improved by the composite coating method of C and Au. [3] Here, a reasonable sample coating process for improving the image quality in the scanning electron microscopic measurement of the nanomaterial was established.
Category: Chemistry

[261] viXra:1805.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 03:55:04

Establishment of Reasonable Coating Processing of Sample for Scanning Electronic Microscope(sem) Measurement of Nano Materialdetermination of Reasonable Control Parameters for Scanning Electronic Microscope(sem) Measurement of Nano Powder

Authors: Kwang-Il Kim, Il-Man Pak, Tae-Min Ro
Comments: 4 Pages.

The scanning electron microscope has a high resolution, image measurement and micro-zone analysis functions, and is a powerful means in analyzing nanomaterials. However, it is very difficult to measure nanomaterials under tens of nanometers from nanomaterials with deep concave convexes, including nano powders. ㎛-grade porous nanomaterials, the image quality of the scanning electron microscope is improved by the composite coating method of C and Au. [3] Here, a reasonable sample coating process for improving the image quality in the scanning electron microscopic measurement of the nanomaterial was established.
Category: Chemistry

[260] viXra:1805.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 04:11:31

The Potential Benefits of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 on Bone Mineralization in Human Bone Osteosarcoma Cells (MG-63)

Authors: Aileen Carol Lee, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

The study was aimed to evaluate the potential of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health. The test items, were divided into two parts. One part of each sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Aileen Carol Lee and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). ALP, collagen, and bone mineralization activities were performed to assess bone health in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63). The cell viability assay (MTT) data showed that the test samples were found as safe in the tested concentrations. The level of ALP was significantly increased by 251.16%, 103.75%, and 119.55% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item, respectively at 50 µg/mL, while 123.37% increased in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Further, the ALP level was significantly elevated by 194.1%, 72.34%, and 65.31% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 100 µg/mL compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Collagen was significantly increased by 83.02%, 145.67%, and 191.41% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Further, the collagen level was significantly increased by 50.29% and 52.48% in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item, respectively at 50 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Additionally, the percent of bone mineralization was distinctly increased by 64.46% and 94.16% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item and BT-DMEM + UT-Test item groups, respectively at 100 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. The percent of bone mineralization was distinctly increased by 26.59% and 28.33% in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item group at 10 and 50 µg/mL, respectively compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Overall, the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 was remarkably improved the bone health parameters and it could be a powerful alternative nutraceutical supplement to combat vitamin D3 deficiency and fight against various bone related problems including low bone density, osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, rickets, osteomalacia, bone and joint pain, bone fractures, deformed bones, osteoma, chondrodystrophia fetalis, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, stress management and prevention, and anti-aging by improving overall health.
Category: Biochemistry

[259] viXra:1805.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 05:31:48

Minimum Amount of Text Overlapping in Document Separation

Authors: Antonio Boccuto, Ivan Gerace, Valentina Giorgetti
Comments: 79 Pages.

We consider a Blind Source Separation problem. In particular we focus on reconstruction of digital documents degraded by bleed-through and show-through effects. In this case, since the mixing matrix, the source and data images are nonnegative, the solution is given by a Nonnegative Factorization. As the problem is ill-posed, further assumptions are necessary to estimate the solution. In this paper we propose an iterative algorithm in order to estimate the correct overlapping level from the verso to the recto of the involved document. Thus, the proposed method is a Correlated Component Analysis technique. This method has low computational costs and is fully unsupervised. Moreover, we give an extension of the proposed algorithm in order to deal with a not translation invariant model. Our experimental results confirm the goodness of the method.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[258] viXra:1805.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 05:39:02

Axiomatic Theory of Physics \\\\\ Аксиоматическое построение физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 17 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Axiomatic Theory of Physics 06.06.2015

In this paper, the author considers the approach and the justification in the axiomatic construction of the theory of physics and cosmology. Both of these disciplines and sciences are closely related and therefore are considered together. This approach is based on the dialectical materialist understanding of nature, which arms the scientific theory of dialectical materialism to any researcher of nature. According to the views of the dialectical materialism, the basis of nature is moving matter. Matter and motion are inseparable. Matter is an objective reality existing outside and independent of our consciousness. The author made a step from the abstract definition of matter in the theory of the dialectical materialism to the concrete manifestation of matter in nature. Matter is a unique substance of nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автором рассматривается подход и обоснование в аксиоматическом построении теории физики и космологии. Обе эти дисциплины, науки тесно связаны между собой и поэтому рассматриваются совместно. В основе такого подхода лежит диалектико-материалистический понимание природы, которым вооружает любого исследователя природы научная теория диалектического материализма. Согласно воззрениям диамата в основе природы лежит движущаяся материя. Материя и движение неразрывны. Материя – это объективная реальность, существующая вне и независимо от нашего сознания. Автором сделан шаг от абстрактного определения материи в теории диамата к конкретному проявлению материи в природе. Материя – это уникальная субстанция природы.
Category: Classical Physics

[257] viXra:1805.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 07:29:01

Metaphysical Problem of Why there is Something Instead of Nothing © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services.com

For "Why there is something rather than nothing", we rewrite as "Nothing implies something". (1) For "Why there is anything rather than nothing", we rewrite as "Nothing implies anything". (2) The difference from (1) to (2) is in the modal or quantified operator in the consequent going from possibility to necessity or from one/some to all. Both expressions (1) and (2) are tautologous and theorems. This means nothing implies anything, but anything does not imply nothing. Hence the metaphysical problem is answered.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[256] viXra:1805.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 08:09:43

What is a Wave Function?

Authors: Christina Munns
Comments: 14 Pages. Non-commercial licence. All rights reserved. Copyright 2018 Christina Munns

ABSTRACT This paper addresses the historical inconsistencies that arise from the lack of definition of the wave function by Edwin Schrödinger in his wave equations, along with the associated misperception of the exact description of the superposition state and whether or not this state is random or deterministic in character. A redefinition of the wave function is proposed as being the hidden variables existing within the quantum superposition state. This definition is in coherence with actual quantum research. The hidden variables existing within the superposition state are defined. The inconsistencies of the concept of the wave-particle duality are also explained and reasons given why the wave and particle states are discrete.
Category: Quantum Physics

[255] viXra:1805.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 08:14:03

Physical Conceptual Model for Quantum Interaction Between Fundamental Forces of Nature

Authors: Ayman Kassem
Comments: 134 Pages.

This is a model characterised by its simplicity , it explains the events running from the big bang to the present day and scales from the planck scale to the size of the universe , all these in terms of one sub particle and a set of four fundamental forces along with their subsequent interactions This is a bottom up approach instead of the usual top down one the interaction at the planck scale level holds a determinant role in the play of forces at a cosmological level
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[254] viXra:1805.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 08:47:06

AI Find Alien Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[253] viXra:1805.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 10:06:51

Coupled Diffusion of Impurity Atoms and Point Defects in Silicon Crystals

Authors: O.I. Velichko
Comments: In English, 215 pages, 91 figures, 556 references, Contents and Preliminary

A theory describing the processes of atomic diffusion in a nonequilibrium state with nonuniform distributions of components in a defect-impurity system of silicon crystals is proposed. Based on this theory, partial diffusion models are constructed and simulation of a large number of experimental data is curried out. A comparison of the simulation results with the experiments confirms the correctness and importance of the theory developed. The book will useful for researchers, engineers, and advanced students in semiconductor physics, microelectronics, and nanoelectronics. Practical application of the theoretical ideas formulated in the book allows finding cheaper solutions in the manufacturing of semiconductor devices and integrated microcircuits.
Category: Condensed Matter

[252] viXra:1805.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 10:13:09

Strategy on Artificial Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[251] viXra:1805.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 10:36:23

Using Scientific Notation To Express Fermat's Last Theorem

Authors: Timothy W. Jones
Comments: 2 Pages. It seems likely this angle must have been considered by say Wiles.

A number base uses any whole number greater than one. Scientific notation can be used to express any whole number in any base. As Fermat's Last Theorem concerns whole numbers greater than one to powers of $n$, we can express it using scientific notation.
Category: Number Theory

[250] viXra:1805.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 10:46:39

Art of DNA Maintenance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Humans have 46 chromosomes, and each one is capped at either end by repetitive sequences called telomeres. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[249] viXra:1805.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 11:03:51

Retrocausal Computing using Optical Processors

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 12 Pages. @Warlockach @Warlockach1

The purpose of this paper is to share hardware and software that can be used in Wall Street in Retrocausal optical computing.
Category: Number Theory

[248] viXra:1805.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 11:26:04

Einstein's Relativity of Simultaneity Argued Against

Authors: Laszlo G Meszaros
Comments: 3 Pages. None

By using Einstein's procedure to determine whether or not two spatially separated events occur at the same time, it is shown that simultaneity does not depend on the observer's reference frame, but the assessment of simultaneity does. Thus Einstein's claim of relative simultaneity is unsubstantiated.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[247] viXra:1805.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 12:29:17

WASP-107b, a Star that Will Never Form Life

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is hypothesized that WASP-107b is a middle aged star that has fallen below the Taylor Threshold. Size is replace by mass of the WT Diagram on the Y-axis as well. Other atmospheric thresholds will need to be designed inside of the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[246] viXra:1805.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 13:36:04

Space Gardening

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

But NASA has decided that gardening in space will be crucial for the next generation of explorers, who need to feed themselves on missions to the Moon or Mars that may last months or years. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[245] viXra:1805.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 13:41:29

Technogenic Radiations Which Cause Global Changes and Deterioration in Health of the Population

Authors: V. Korniienko, M.Turkin
Comments: 18 Pages.

In article it is shown that matter has the quantum electromagnetic field (QEF). Therefore the annex to matter of forces of any origin, tension and indignation of her QEF in a wave mode of quantum electromagnetic energy (S-radiations) cause in it. Therefore all space bodies generate S-radiations which on Earth are known as geopathgic radiations. Have established also that properties of S-radiations cause ability of electrical machines and other equipment to generate technogenic S-radiations to the environment. It has caused the hidden processes as a result of which there are global changes and deterioration in health of the population. It is offered to exclude on the basis of standards emission of S-radiations from the world equipment that will stop these processes.
Category: Climate Research

[244] viXra:1805.0269 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-25 01:31:15

The Last Theorem of Fermat. the Simplest Proof

Authors: Victor Sorokine
Comments: 2 Pages.

All calculations are done with numbers in base n, a prime number greater than 2. If in the Fermat equality A^n+B^n-C^n=0, the number U=A+B-C=un^k ends by k zeroes and the factor u is not ending by digit 1, after discarding k-digit endings in the numbers A, B, C, the Fermat equality turns into an inequality, which is NOT transformed back into an equality after the restoration of k-digit endings.
Category: Number Theory

[243] viXra:1805.0268 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-25 01:32:16

Теорема Ферма. Простейшее доказательство

Authors: Victor Sorokine
Comments: 2 Pages. Russian version

Доказательство проводится в системе счисления с простым основанием n>2. Если в равенстве Ферма A^n+B^n-C^n=0 число U=A+B-C=un^k оканчивается на k нулей и его сомножитель u не оканчивается на цифру 1, то после отбрасывания k- значных окончаний в числах A, B, C равенство Ферма превращается в неравенство, которое после восстановления k-значных окончаний в равенство уже НЕ превращается.
Category: Number Theory

[242] viXra:1805.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 15:24:24

An Improved Method of Generating Z-Number Based on Owa Weights and Maximum Entropy

Authors: Bingyi Kang
Comments: 24 Pages.

How to generate Z-number is an important and open issue in the uncertain information processing of Z-number. In [1], a method of generating Z-number using OWA weight and maximum entropy is investigated. However, the meaning of the method in [1] is not clear enough according to the definition of Z-number. Inspired by the methodology in [1], we improve the method of determining Z-number based on OWA weights and maximum entropy, which is more clear about the meaning of Z-number. Some numerical examples are used to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[241] viXra:1805.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 22:32:32

Many Questions and Many Answers © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services.com

If for some questions there are many answers, then for many questions there are some answers, this is a theorem. If for many questions there are some answers, then for some questions there are many answers, this is not a theorem but a truthity.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[240] viXra:1805.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 02:46:24

Maxwell Equations in Theory of Emergent Space-Time-Matter (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Maxwell's equations are obtained within the framework of the model of the theory of emergent space-time-matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[239] viXra:1805.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 04:09:25

Dark Matter in Multiverse

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A Multiverse—where our Universe is only one of many—might not be as inhospitable to life as previously thought, according to new research. [30] Astrophysicists from the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh have created a new method to measure the amount of dark matter at the centre of tiny "dwarf" galaxies. [29] A research team of multiple institutes, including the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and University of Tokyo, released an unprecedentedly wide and sharp dark matter map based on the newly obtained imaging data by Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[238] viXra:1805.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 04:48:59

Photoexcited Graphene Puzzle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Using graphene as a light-sensitive material for light detectors offers significant improvements with respect to materials being used nowadays. [32] The precision of measuring nanoscopic structures could be substantially improved, thanks to research involving the University of Warwick and QuantIC researchers at the University of Glasgow and Heriot Watt University into optical sensing. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[237] viXra:1805.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 08:19:40

Atlantis is Babylon

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 2 Pages.

Atlantis was mirrored in time and space as seen from Jerusalem. It was the western dimension of Tzafon which means "north". The northern and eastern dimensions are Babylon. The southern dimension is Cairo with the Sphinx who's called Baal-Zafon. We will never find Atlantis if we do not understand the mirroring principle, as it is seen in the Pillars of Hercules (Isjtar Gate) and the reflecting orichalcum. My book is here: http://roodgoudvanparvaim.nl/
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[236] viXra:1805.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 08:45:43

Question 460: A Formula for Pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 5 Pages.

This note presents a simple formula for pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[235] viXra:1805.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 08:47:52

Question 454: Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 4 Pages.

This note presents some definite integrals.
Category: Number Theory

[234] viXra:1805.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 08:50:54

Question 453: an Interesting Radical

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

This note presents some formulas related with the real root of the equation: x^11-x^10-1=0 .
Category: Number Theory

[233] viXra:1805.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 08:57:55

Emergence of Spatio-Temporal Certainty (1+2+3)-English

Authors: V.A. Kasimov
Comments: 24 Pages. English

The well - known philosophical formula: "Space and time are universal forms of existence of matter" forces us to introduce several levels of representation of our knowledge about space-time relations, which we will conditionally call "levels of ontologization" of our understanding of these relations. These levels can be considered as ontological sections in the process of cognition of the essence of spatiotemporal relations and the formation of their conceptual certainty. A simple example is used to model the process of formation of spatiotemporal certainty in the Leibniz aspect: the transition from the quantum level (micro-) to the level of classical mechanics (macro-). In this regard, we can talk about the two-phase existence of matter. In addition, an attempt was made to outline the solution of space-time problems after work: "Contextuality of one particle, nonlocality of two particles, entanglement, Wheeler's experiments with delay of choice, FWT and so on ..."[12]. The current situation of the search for the essence of space-time relations resembles the early history of the search for the essence of "phlogiston", which was resolved by the statistical theory of Gibbs ensembles, the definition of thermodynamic concepts and, in particular, the concept of temperature as the average kinetic energy of the ensemble. It is quite possible that the spatiotemporal relations are also some averages from the eigenvalues of the quantum object operators.
Category: Quantum Physics

[232] viXra:1805.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 09:23:01

Quantum Process Rule

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[231] viXra:1805.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 09:51:57

Two-Dimensional Quantum Walks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Quantum Physics

[230] viXra:1805.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 10:28:53

Cyclic Molecule with a Twist

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

As suggested by their name, Möbius molecules have a twisted loop structure, a special characteristic with many potential applications. [27] Fullerenes are composed of 60 carbon atoms joined together in hexagonal rings to form a sphere that resembles a soccer ball. [26] Researchers at the University of Tokyo used an efficient method to create chiral materials using circularly polarized light. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[229] viXra:1805.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 10:43:51

Laser Systems for Space

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

JOKARUS experiment on sounding rocket successfully completed. Corner stone for laser ranging measurements with the highest precision and precursor for optical satellite navigation systems. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[228] viXra:1805.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 11:00:15

Quantum Chaos Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

New research gives insight into a recent experiment that was able to manipulate an unprecedented number of atoms through a quantum simulator. This new theory could provide another step on the path to creating the elusive quantum computers. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[227] viXra:1805.0251 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-10 15:42:13

Simplifying Einstein’s Thought Experiments

Authors: Edward G. Lake
Comments: 28 Pages. Corrected errors and added new Experiment #11

Einstein’s “Gedanken” experiments (thought experiments) - particularly his train-embankment thought experiments - were apparently intended to explain Special Relativity logically and in layman’s terms, but they were written in an incredibly convoluted way, which seems to have resulted in them being misinterpreted by many physicists. This is the simplified logic of Einstein’s key thought experiments.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[226] viXra:1805.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 07:48:59

Biofield Energy Based Vitamin D3 Stimulates In vitro Osteoblasts Differentiation in MG-63 Cell line

Authors: Patricia Margaret Rowe, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

In most of the people, bone loss and deterioration of bone structure results in bone disorders such as osteoporosis, arthritis, decreased bone mass, rickets, and deformed bones. Insufficient level of vitamin D3 and calcium in the body are the major causes of bone disorders. The present study aimed to explore the potential of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on various bone health parameters such as alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) activity, collagen levels and bone mineralization. Both the test items (TI) i.e. vitamin D3 and DMEM medium were divided into two parts. The test items received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Patricia Margaret Rowe and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of both the sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Cell viability using MTT assay showed that cell viability in tested samples was more than 70% with safe and nontoxic profile on MG-63 cell line. The level of ALP was significantly increased by 230.8% (at 50 µg/mL), 231.3% (at 50 µg/mL), and 253% (at 100 µg/mL) in UT-DMEM+BT-TI, BT-DMEM+UT-TI, and BT-DMEM+BT-TI groups, respectively as compared with the untreated test item and DMEM group. Collagen level was significantly increased by 497.7%, 346.2%, 323%, and 331.4% at 0.1, 1, 10, and 50 µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 116.3% and 112.8% at 0.1 and 50 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM+UT-TI group. In addition, 70.5% and 143.6% increased collagen was reported at 10 and 50 µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+BT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. Bone mineralization percentage was significantly increased by 241.3% at 1 µg/mL in UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 187.9% and 113.7% at 0.1 and 1 µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. In addition, BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed a significant increased bone mineralization by 129.8% at 1 µg/mL as compared with the untreated group. Overall, the experimental data suggested that the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 and DMEM would play an important role in the promotion and maintenance of strong and healthy bones, which improve quality of life. Biofield Energy Treatment might also regulates the osteoblast function, improves bone mineralization, and calcium absorption in wide range of bone disorders along with wide range of adverse health conditions, comprising cancer and certain autoimmune diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[225] viXra:1805.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 13:16:02

Refutation of the Continuum Hypothesis © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

"The continuum hypothesis states that the set of real numbers has minimal possible cardinality which is greater than the cardinality of the set of integers." That equation is not tautologous, and the briefest known refutation of the continuum hypothesis.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[224] viXra:1805.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 21:38:04

Nano-Soa a Powerful Alternative and Complementary of Soa

Authors: Bai Yang
Comments: 26 Pages.

SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) and micro SOA (Micro Service) have the advantages of high cohesion and low coupling, but at the same time they also bring complicated implementation, maintenance, high network load, and weak consistency. At the same time, they also increase product development and operation costs. This article attempts to use an improved approach by a kind of plug-in isolation mechanism that avoids the above issues as much as possible while preserving the benefits of SOA. In addition, this paper also proposes a new strong consistent distributed coordination algorithm for improving the low performance and high overhead (at least three network broadcasts and multiple disk I/O requests per request) problem of existing Paxos/Raft algorithms. This algorithm, at the expense of data reliability, completely eliminates the above overhead and provides the same level of strong agreement and high availability guarantees as the Paxos/Raft algorithm.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[223] viXra:1805.0247 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-15 23:03:47

Exploring the Possibility of New Physics: Quantum Mechanics, Fundamental Particles & Gravity

Authors: Julian Williams
Comments: 127 Pages. A much better explanation of why the ideas proposed in this paper don't require initial inflation.

The fundamental particles can be formed from infinite superpositions with mass borrowed from a Higgs type scalar field, but energy also borrowed from the spatial component of zero point fields. At high energies this is from local invariant fields, but at cosmic wavelengths from the receding horizon. We explore relating this with gravity and find that it only works in an exponentially expanding (in the matter era only)flat on average universe.This may relate with the present discrepancy in the different ways of measuring the Hubble parameter. Expansion in the radiation era is constant. Whether different regions of the early Universe were in causal contact or not, they expand uniformly, except for initial quantum fluctuations. There is no need for inflation for this to be so.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[222] viXra:1805.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 03:55:38

Outlines of Rutherford’s α-Particles Scattering Experiment

Authors: Arjun Dahal, Nikita Parajuli
Comments: 6 Pages. ©2017-2018 Journal of St. Xavier's Physics Council

Rutherford’s α-particles scattering experiment was one of the milestone for the physics community as it provided an insight to an atom thus discarding the previously prevailed Thomson’s model. Through this article we shall examine the theoretical formulation of Rutherford’s experiment and how it helped to shape the modern physics.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[221] viXra:1805.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 06:42:59

Dynamic Changes in the Structure, Chemical State and Catalytic Selectivity of cu Nanocubes During Co2 Electroreduction: Size and Support Effects

Authors: Philipp Grosse, Dunfeng Gao, Fabian Scholten, Ilya Sinev, Hemma Mistry, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya
Comments: 31 Pages. Angewandte Chemie 2018

In situ and operando spectroscopic and microscopic methods were used to gain insight into the correlation between the structure, chemical state, and reactivity of size- and shape-controlled ligand-free Cu nanocubes (Cu-cubes) during CO2 electroreduction (CO2RR). Dynamic changes in the morphology and composition of Cu-cubes supported on carbon were monitored under potential control via electrochemical atomic force microscopy, X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Under reaction conditions, the roughening of the nanocube surface, disappearance of the (100) facets, formation of pores, loss of Cu and reduction of CuOx species observed were found to lead to a suppression of the selectivity for multi-carbon products (i.e. C2H4 and ethanol) versus CH4. A comparison with Cu-cubes supported on Cu foils revealed an enhanced morphological stability and persistence of Cu(I) species under CO2RR. Both factors are held responsible for the higher C2/C1 product ratio observed for the Cu cubes/Cu as compared to Cu cubes/C. Our findings highlight the importance of the structure of the active nanocatalyst but also its interaction with the underlying substrate in CO2RR selectivity.
Category: Chemistry

[220] viXra:1805.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 06:54:27

Prism-Shaped cu Nanocatalysts for Electrochemical Co2 Reduction to Ethylene

Authors: Hyo Sang Jeon, Sebastian Kunze, Fabian Scholten, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya
Comments: 24 Pages. ACS Catalysis 2018

Electrochemical CO2 reduction has attracted much attention due to its advantages to convert CO2 gas into useful chemicals and fuels. Herein, we have developed prism-shaped Cu catalysts for efficient and stable CO2 electrore-duction by using an electrodeposition method. These Cu prism electrodes were characterized by scanning electron mi-croscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Electrochemical CO2 reduction measurements show improved activities for C2H4 production with high partial current density of -11.8 mA/cm2, which is over four times higher than that of the planar Cu sample (-2.8 mA/cm2). We have demonstrated that the enhanced C2H4 production is partially attributed to the higher density of defect sites available on the roughened Cu prism surface. Furthermore, stability tests show a drastic improvement in maintaining C2H4 production over 12 hours. The enhanced performance and durability of prism Cu catalysts hold promise for future industrial applications.
Category: Chemistry

[219] viXra:1805.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 07:01:50

Enhanced Carbon Dioxide Electroreduction to Carbon Monoxide Over Defect Rich Plasma-Activated Silver Catalysts

Authors: Hemma Mistry, Yong-Wook Choi, Alexander Bagger, Fabian Scholten, Cecile Bonifacio, Ilya Sinev, Nuria J. Divins, Ioannis Zegkinoglou, Hyo Sang Jeon, Kim Kisslinger, Eric A. Stach, Judith C. Yang, Jan Rossmeisl, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya
Comments: 46 Pages. Angewandte Chemie 2017

Efficient, stable catalysts with high selectivity for a single product are essential to making the electroreduction of CO2 a viable route to the synthesis of industrial feedstocks and fuels. We reveal how a plasma oxidation pre-treatment can lead to an enhanced content of low-coordinated active sites which dramatically lower the overpotential and increase the activity of CO2 electroreduction to CO. At -0.6 V vs. RHE, more than 90% Faradaic efficiency towards CO could be achieved on a pre-oxidized silver foil. While transmission electron microscopy and operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy showed that oxygen species can survive in the bulk of the catalyst during the reaction, quasi-in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that the surface is metallic under reaction conditions. DFT calculations show how the defect-rich surface of the plasma-oxidized silver foils in the presence of local electric fields results in a drastic decrease in the overpotential for the electroreduction of CO2.
Category: Chemistry

[218] viXra:1805.0241 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-22 02:58:25

Hot Air Power Mega City Building

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 24 Pages.

This paper proposed the Hot Air Power Mega City Building which use hot air to create electric power and fresh water. And it does not require an elevator to make it work. It has efficient transportation systems which are more reliable than elevators. The transportation systems can be completely powered by electricity and with zero automobile exhaust. In order to make a Living Building work efficiently and suitable for living, this paper proposed a Standard Module. With many Standard Modules, we can make up a mega Living Building. And Hot Air Power is sustainable green power. Hot Air Power Station is not just clean, it can even clean the air and eliminate haze. Hot Air Power Station can also recycle part of the energy which has been used in the building. Hot Air Power Station uses the heat exchange reaction between hot air and cold water to generate power. To make the hot air cool down quickly and efficiently, this paper proposed the Drooping Cold Water Infiltrated Cotton Strip Array. The fresh water is a by-product of Hot Air Power Station. Hot Air Power Mega City Building has Gradient Transparent Roof which height is gradient to collect hot air and transfer them to Hot Air Power Station. Because the city can generate hot air in twenty-four hours without stop, so Hot Air Power Station will be able to generate electric power in twenty-four hours without stop also. Hot Air Power Station consumes hot air in the city, make the city cool down, and solve the problem of Heat Island Effect.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[217] viXra:1805.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 08:45:03

Probabilistic Computing for AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[216] viXra:1805.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 09:01:47

Chemists Process Information

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

University of Waterloo chemists have found a much faster and more efficient way to store and process information by expanding the limitations of how the flow of electricity can be used and managed. [31] A University of Washington-led team has now taken this one step further by encoding information using magnets that are just a few layers of atoms in thickness. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28] Employees of Kazan Federal University and Kazan Quantum Center of Kazan National Research Technical University demonstrated an original layout of a prototype of multiresonator broadband quantum-memory interface. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[215] viXra:1805.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 09:42:35

Ultrafast Emergence of Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

UBC researchers have captured an unprecedented glimpse into the birth of high-temperature superconductivity in cuprates, settling a scientific debate and uncovering new avenues to explore the potential of other unconventional superconductors. [19] A 2017 theory proposed by Rice University physicists to explain the contradictory behavior of an iron-based high-temperature superconductor is helping solve a puzzle in a different type of unconventional superconductor, the "heavy fermion" compound known as CeCu2Si2. [18] Researchers have shown that certain superconductors—materials that carry electrical current with zero resistance at very low temperatures—can also carry currents of 'spin'. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[214] viXra:1805.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 10:08:46

Neglected Atomic Clock

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[213] viXra:1805.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 10:30:38

Heat and Sound Wave Interactions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators-resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17]
Category: Condensed Matter

[212] viXra:1805.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 11:09:04

Quantum Heat Engine

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Physicists have demonstrated that energy quantization can improve the efficiency of a single-atom heat engine to exceed the performance of its classical counterpart. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators-resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[211] viXra:1805.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 12:51:36

Quantum Programming for 72 Qubit Quantum Computers 5194 or Greater

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 2 Pages. @WARLOCKACH

The purpose of this paper is to suggest the steps for Quantum Programming for the 72 Qubit Bristlecone Quantum Computer.
Category: Number Theory

[210] viXra:1805.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 13:36:16

Topology of the Speed of Light

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 1 Page.

The purpose of this paper is to show the Topology difference between Einstein and Tesla.
Category: Number Theory

[209] viXra:1805.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 13:43:35

X-Rays Laser Through Water Window

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Studying the fleeting actions of electrons in organic materials will now be much easier, thanks to a new method for generating fast X-rays. [15] In a laboratory at the University of Rochester, researchers are using lasers to change the surface of metals in incredible ways, such as making them super water-repellent without the use of special coatings, paints, or solvents. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[208] viXra:1805.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 14:32:18

Existence of Tachyons and Their Detection

Authors: Bertrand Wong
Comments: 6 Pages.

It is felt by many that faster-than-light particles (tachyons) exist though none has been detected so far; this lack of evidence raises some doubt as to whether such particles exist. However, it may not be possible to detect these faster-than-light particles even if they exist. Is there any possibility at all in detecting these particles, if they exist? This paper ponders the existence of tachyons and introduces some possibilities for their detection.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[207] viXra:1805.0230 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-13 08:59:36

Solution of Erdös-Moser Equation 1+2^p+3^p+...+(k)^p=(k+1)^p

Authors: David Stacha
Comments: 4 Pages.

Dear all, Theorems proved more detailed respectively rigorously. Thank you Best regards David Stacha
Category: Number Theory

[206] viXra:1805.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 16:50:26

On the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Bertrand Wong
Comments: 20 Pages.

This paper explicates the Riemann hypothesis and proves its validity; it explains why the non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function ζ will always be on the critical line Re(s) = 1/2 and not anywhere else on the critical strip bounded by Re(s) = 0 and Re(s) = 1. Much exact calculations are presented, instead of approximations, for the sake of accuracy or precision, clarity and rigor. (N.B.: New materials have been added to the paper.)
Category: Number Theory

[205] viXra:1805.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 17:01:14

Refutation of Craig's Interpolation Theorem © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services.com

Craig’s theorem (initially referred to by him as a lemma) is not tautologous, hence refuting itself.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[204] viXra:1805.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 18:06:05

Moea Framework & Jikesrvm to Probe Computational Fluid Dynamics – an Interesting Insight Into the Informatics Aspects of CFD Using Genetic Algorithms,evolutionary Computation & Research Virtual Machine.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Technical Communication on CFD & Informatics

As explained in the TITLE of this short communication,we have tested some inspiring ideas in the context of Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) using Java related technologies. Hence,we have demonstrated a simple approach,highly useful in many domains of Science & Technology.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[203] viXra:1805.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 00:44:53

A Memristor based Unsupervised Neuromorphic System Towards Fast and Energy-Efficient GAN

Authors: Fuqiang Liu, Chenchen Liu
Comments: 8 Pages.

Deep Learning has gained immense success in pushing today's artificial intelligence forward. To solve the challenge of limited labeled data in the supervised learning world, unsupervised learning has been proposed years ago while low accuracy hinters its realistic applications. Generative adversarial network (GAN) emerges as an unsupervised learning approach with promising accuracy and are under extensively study. However, the execution of GAN is extremely memory and computation intensive and results in ultra-low speed and high-power consumption. In this work, we proposed a holistic solution for fast and energy-efficient GAN computation through a memristor-based neuromorphic system. First, we exploited a hardware and software co-design approach to map the computation blocks in GAN efficiently. We also proposed an efficient data flow for optimal parallelism training and testing, depending on the computation correlations between different computing blocks. To compute the unique and complex loss of GAN, we developed a diff-block with optimized accuracy and performance. The experiment results on big data show that our design achieves 2.8x speedup and 6.1x energy-saving compared with the traditional GPU accelerator, as well as 5.5x speedup and 1.4x energy-saving compared with the previous FPGA-based accelerator.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[202] viXra:1805.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 03:49:13

Список решённых проблем\ \\\\ List of Solved Problems

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> List of Solved Problems May 12, 2018

В настоящей статье представлен список проблем, решённых в рамках «Теории Природы» автора. ================= This article presents a list of problems solved within the framework of Theory of Nature by the author.
Category: Classical Physics

[201] viXra:1805.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 04:01:53

Binaries Detectable by LISA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[200] viXra:1805.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 04:55:58

Refutation of the Molyneux Problem © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The equation as rendered is not tautologous. This means the Molyneux problem is resolved as two unrelated states, and hence not a problem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[199] viXra:1805.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 05:37:50

AI take Shortcuts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[198] viXra:1805.0221 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-20 10:06:58

Purely Physical View of the Problem Restitutio ad Integrum

Authors: Victor Stepanovitch Mitin
Comments: 11 Pages.

Recovery to the whole from a purely physical point of view.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[197] viXra:1805.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:02:55

The Law of Nature or Chance \\\\\ Закономерность или случайность

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 3 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Закономерность или случайность 11.05.2018

В настоящей статье определяется расстояние между соседними атомами идеального газа. Оказывается, что числовое значение обратной величины этого расстояния приблизительно равно числовому значению скорости света в вакууме 299 792 458. ------------------------- In this paper, the distance between neighboring atoms of an ideal gas is calculated. It turns out that the numerical value of the inverse of this distance is approximately equal to the numerical value of the speed of light in a vacuum 299 792 458.
Category: Classical Physics

[196] viXra:1805.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:04:55

The Law of Nature or Chance

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 3 Pages. Robert Yusupov © The Law of Nature or Chance May 11, 2018

In this paper, the distance between neighboring atoms of an ideal gas is calculated. It turns out that the numerical value of the inverse of this distance is approximately equal to the numerical value of the speed of light in a vacuum 299 792 458.
Category: Classical Physics

[195] viXra:1805.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:15:20

Analysis of Various Biblical Themes

Authors: Peter Bissonnet
Comments: 16 Pages.

The author believes that people are turning away from Christianity because (due to their free will) they cannot believe in the validity of various concepts, such as a unique and universal Crucifixion. They believe that everything was localized to this insignificant planet and nowhere else, and, hence, Christianity is pretty blasé and probably has a lot of deceptions, misconceptions, etc., just like most of human history has. Of course, the Crucifixion occurred locally on this planet, but the implications for other planets in far off galaxies are just as crucial. Do earthlings make better Christians than those in some galaxy residing out where the quasars roam? No, we don’t. The Bible tells us to “prove all things”; in other words, reason analytically, responsibly, determine the truth! That is just what science does, or is supposed to do, but when scientists ally themselves too closely to government, their objectivity is capable of being bought or skewed by those governments, which keeps some subjects taboo as far as being investigated properly. This paper is trying desperately to determine what the truth is in those, admittedly strange events which have happened in the history of the New Testament. The author has also included a section on the search for new physical principles, by establishing working hypotheses and using these to analyze certain Bible miracles and such other phenomena which might seem appropriate. As a physicist and mathematician, the author finds the miracles of the Bible to be filled with a vast potential for discovery of new physical principles. The author hopes you will too.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[194] viXra:1805.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 23:50:55

Refutation of the Hilbert Grand Hotel Paradox © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The equation as rendered is not contradictory but rather falsity. Hence this refutes the Hilbert Grand Hotel paradox. Remark: We could not reduce this paradox to one variable because rooms and guests are distinctly counted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[193] viXra:1805.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-31 04:56:00

AI Should Not Be an Open Source Project

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 9 Pages.

Who should own the Artificial Intelligence technology? It should belong to everyone, properly said not the technology per se, but the fruits that can be reaped from it. Obviously, we should not let AI end up in the hands of irresponsible persons. Likewise, nuclear technology should benefit all, however it should be kept secret and inaccessible by the public at large.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[192] viXra:1805.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 04:15:10

Principle of Independently Established Co-Determinism: Parsimony & Physical Law in Nature; Ubiquitiousness and Quintescence

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles-Brenden
Comments: 112 Pages. In difference of a mean; the measure of 'what;' is in what of one part the 'if' as to an any either it's included of 'the' to what in exclusive difference is the summed; relates.

To a mind the one known consideration of yet to be found in life as from afar is love; as from yet in the eye of the witness of the bearer of a message; the trust of one in an other is a given alone; one; when two so as whom agree that what in this is a departure is it's considerateness in word's as one; expressed as from an other to their's of whom so expressly and articulately share a human relation find in the other of life what so in their's is a heart in each beat so shared as in one togetherness we find what an other is attractive to the mind; of what in the heart is the secret to a loving choice.
Category: Classical Physics

[191] viXra:1805.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 05:27:13

Photons and the Diverse Nature of Light

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 4 Pages.

Electromagnetic radiation (EMR) can be produced by a range of large-scale events (nuclear reactions, galaxy collisions, the Big Bang etc.) or by smaller scale events such as the excitement of a gas or a chemical reaction. This short article focuses on the nature of photons and their transmission as ‘normal’ light, plane and circularly polarised light and transverse mode light.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[190] viXra:1805.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 05:31:41

Multifunctional Photonic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[189] viXra:1805.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 06:50:11

Molecular Soccer Balls

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Fullerenes are composed of 60 carbon atoms joined together in hexagonal rings to form a sphere that resembles a soccer ball. [26] Researchers at the University of Tokyo used an efficient method to create chiral materials using circularly polarized light. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[188] viXra:1805.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 07:24:41

Light Make Computers Quantum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[187] viXra:1805.0208 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-16 09:39:01

O Brasil na Elite da Matemática Mundial e Nossa Posição no Pisa

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 17 Pages.

Analisamos a recente promoção do Brasil para o grupo de elite do ranking mundial de Matemática, passando a integrar o grupo 5 da União Matemática Internacional (IMU), junto com os EUA, Canadá, Reino Unido, Alemanha, França, Itália, China, Japão, Rússia e Israel, contrapondo com nossa péssima colocação nos testes PISA que são feitos trienalmente para os alunos de 15 anos de idade de alguns países selecionados do mundo. Criticamos Paulo Freire e a pedagogia do oprimido.
Category: Education and Didactics

[186] viXra:1805.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 10:13:33

Do You Know that the Digits Have an End?

Authors: Mohamed Ababou
Comments: 20 Pages.

The book " Do you know that the digits have an end " is a scientific book, its content is clear from its title. The first thing you will say is " we all know that the digits have an end " but you should read first, my book introduce a bunch of proofs that confirm that the numbers have an end, and the digit is the same thing as the number. The Time in its relation with the numbers is the main idea in my book. This book can change the course of the history of science, it contains the correction for a popular wrong idea that is infinity. -Mohamed Ababou-
Category: Number Theory

[185] viXra:1805.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 10:26:25

Purely Physical View of the Prolem Restitutio ad Integrum

Authors: Mitin Victor Stepanovitch
Comments: 11 Pages.

Recovery to the whole from a purely physical point of view.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[184] viXra:1805.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 10:33:08

Labeled Trees with Fixed Node Label Sum

Authors: Richard J. Mathar
Comments: 70 Pages.

The non-cyclic graphs known as trees may be labeled by assigning positive integer numbers (weights) to their vertices or to their edges. We count the trees up to 10 vertices that have prescribed sums of weights, or, from the number-theoretic point of view, we count the compositions of positive integers that are constrained by the symmetries of trees.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[183] viXra:1805.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 10:51:51

Compactification in 26 D Matter Antimatter

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 1 Page. @WARLOCKACH

The purpose of this paper is to suggest how matter and antimatter is compactified in 26 dimensions.
Category: Number Theory

[182] viXra:1805.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 11:24:07

Neutron Decay to Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[181] viXra:1805.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 11:32:11

A Study on PWM and SPWM Control and Can Communication Realization in the Wind-Solar Photovoltaic Hybrid Power System Using Dspic30f4013

Authors: Kang Kyong-Mo, Kim Song-Jae, Kim Un-Chol, Ji Song-Chol, Pak Chang-Yon, Han Kuang-Jin
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we study the data transmission method by CAN communication, PWM and SPWM control method of the chips capable of CAN communication in wind - solar photovoltaic hybrid power generation system, and introduced the method of using DSPIC30F4013.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[180] viXra:1805.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 12:23:37

Refutation of Non-Existence Proof of Free Will © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

We find intermediate arguments are either not tautologous as expected or not contradictory as expected. By weakening certain arguments they can be coerced to become contradictory as the original proposer intended. Nevertheless, we therefore conclude that he non-existence proof of free will is refuted.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[179] viXra:1805.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 04:30:48

Czarnodziurowy Wszechświat a Prawo Hubble’a ### Black Hole Universe and Hubble’s Law

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: Pages.

W ramach czarnodziurowego modelu Wszechświata podałem zależność poczerwienienia światła docierającego do Ziemi od odległości galaktyki będącej źródłem tego światła. Liniowy fragment wykresu tej zależności koresponduje z obserwacjami Hubble’a. Nieliniowa część przedstawia gwałtowny wzrost poczerwienienia. ### Within the framework of the black-hole model of the Universe, I gave the dependence of the redshift of light reaching the Earth versus the distance of the galaxy that is the source of this light. The linear fragment of the graph of this relationship corresponds with Hubble’s observations. The non-linear part represents a sharp increase of the redshift.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[178] viXra:1805.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 04:38:52

Black Hole Universe and Hubble’s Law

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: Pages.

Within the framework of the black-hole model of the Universe, I gave the dependence of the redshift of light reaching the Earth versus the distance of the galaxy that is the source of this light. The linear fragment of the graph of this relationship corresponds with Hubble’s observations. The non-linear part represents a sharp increase of the redshift.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[177] viXra:1805.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 05:27:08

Heavy Fermion Superconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

A 2017 theory proposed by Rice University physicists to explain the contradictory behavior of an iron-based high-temperature superconductor is helping solve a puzzle in a different type of unconventional superconductor, the "heavy fermion" compound known as CeCu2Si2. [18] Researchers have shown that certain superconductors—materials that carry electrical current with zero resistance at very low temperatures—can also carry currents of 'spin'. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[176] viXra:1805.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 08:17:01

X-ray Laser View Alzheimer's Proteins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11]
Category: Physics of Biology

[175] viXra:1805.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 08:48:53

Highly Chiral Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Tokyo used an efficient method to create chiral materials using circularly polarized light. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[174] viXra:1805.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 08:58:01

Collectives of Automata for Building of Active Systems of Artifical Intelligence

Authors: Aleksey A. Demidov
Comments: 37 Pages.

Basics of knowledge of AI in simple form
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[173] viXra:1805.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 09:00:23

Speculations on pi in a Finite Universe

Authors: Tariq Khan
Comments: 2 Pages.

Research indicating a finite Universe could imply a value of pi that terminates to a measurable length. Experimental observations of approximate sub-Planck scale spacetime pixel length can be used to approximate the length of pi in a finite Universe and subsequent philosophical ramifications are discussed.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[172] viXra:1805.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 09:35:01

A Rigorous Non-Existence Proof of Free Will in an Indeterministic Universe

Authors: Qiang Luan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The article gives a rigorous non-existence proof of free will in an indeterministic universe.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[171] viXra:1805.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 10:20:09

Micro-CT Scanning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13]
Category: Physics of Biology

[170] viXra:1805.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 10:36:03

Test

Authors: Ja
Comments: 2 Pages.

fafafafafafafa
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[169] viXra:1805.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 10:41:19

Leaning Tower of Pisa Mystery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Why has the Leaning Tower of Pisa survived the strong earthquakes that have hit the region since the middle ages? [9] New insights into the properties of neutron stars have come from two independent analyses of gravitational waves from the GW170817 neutron-star merger. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It’s estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5]
Category: Condensed Matter

[168] viXra:1805.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 12:10:44

Method of Reducing Paradox to not Contradictory and in One Variable © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

This demonstration serves as two examples to confirm the method that a paradox refuted as not contradictory is also reducible to one variable. The examples are the paradox of Zhuangzi known as the butterfly dream and the paradox of Maimonides known as the argument from freewill.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[167] viXra:1805.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 13:38:18

Knots, Energy and Loop Gravity

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 2 Pages.

Loop quantum gravity, topological particle and knots
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[166] viXra:1805.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 15:00:03

Pythagoras, Ellipse & Fermat

Authors: Stefan Bereza
Comments: 7 Pages.

The paper presents an attempt to solve a 300-year-old mathematical problem with minimalistic means of high-school mathematics 1]. As introduction, the Pythagorean equation of right angle triangles a^2 + b^2 = c^2 inscribed in the semicircle is reviewed; then, in an analogue way, the equation a^3+ b^3= c^3 (and then a^n + b^n = c^n) represented by a triangle inscribed in the (vertical) ellipse with its basis c making the minor axis of the ellipse and the sides of the triangle made by the factors {a,b}. Should the inscribed triangles a^3 + b^3 = c^3(and then a^n + b^n = c^n) represent the integer equations - with {a, b, c, n} positive integers, n > 2 - their sides must be rational to each other; they must form so called integer triangles. In such triangles, the square of altitude y^2(or the altitude y) must be rational to the sides. An assumption is made that at least one of the inscribed triangles may be an integral one. A unit is derived from c by dividing it by a natural number m; if the assumption is true, the unit will measure (= divide) y^2(or y) without leaving an irrational rest behind. The value of y^2(or y) is taken from the equation of the ellipse. Conducted calculations show that y^2(or y) divided by the unit leave always an irrational rest behind incompatible with c; this proves that y^2(or y) is irrational with the basis c what excludes the existence of the assumed integral triangles and, in consequence, of the discussed integral equations.
Category: Number Theory

[165] viXra:1805.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 16:04:13

Einstein’s wrong way: from STR to GTR

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 150 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Starting from STR, it is not possible to find a Quantum Gravity theory” Adrian Ferent “Einstein was on the wrong way: from STR to GTR” Adrian Ferent “Starting from STR, Einstein was not able to explain Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Starting from STR, Einstein was not able to explain Gravitation, he calculated Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Einstein's equivalence principle is wrong because the gravitational force experienced locally is caused by a negative energy, gravitons energy and the force experienced by an observer in a non-inertial (accelerated) frame of reference is caused by a positive energy.” Adrian Ferent “Because Einstein's equivalence principle is wrong, Einstein’s gravitation theory is wrong.” Adrian Ferent “Because Einstein’s gravitation theory is wrong, LQG, String theory…are wrong theories” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the time, Ferent unbent the time” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who Quantized the Gravitational Field!” Adrian Ferent “I quantized the gravitational field with gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational field is a discrete function” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational waves are carried by gravitons” Adrian Ferent In STR and GTR there are continuous functions. This is another proof that LIGO is a fraud. The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded for a project, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) not for a scientific discovery; they did not detect anything because Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist. The same fraud was in 2013 with the Higgs Boson, the so-called “God particle”. They obtained Higgs bosons as a pairs of photons with a combined energy of 750 gigaelectronvolts. After they received the Nobel Prize there are not anymore gravitational waves in the universe. “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent As a consequence of Einstein wrong gravitation theory, the physicists explained how they can travel trough a black hole, trough a wormhole. Alice and Bob thought experiments: Alice jumps into a very large black hole, leaving Bob outside the event horizon. Physicists have assumed that Alice won’t notice anything unusual as she crosses the event horizon. Gerard 't Hooft and Leonard Susskind are wrong regarding Alice and Bob thought experiments, because the Gravitons will break the atoms of Alice and Bob, before they get to the event horizon. You learned from your professors, from your books about the temperature of Black Holes! “Because Black Holes are Dark Matter, Black Holes do not have temperature” Adrian Ferent Gerard 't Hooft and Leonard Susskind are wrong because Information is lost in black holes. That is why: “The holographic principle is wrong” Adrian Ferent “My Quantum Gravity theory explains that the Event Horizon is made of Gravitons” Adrian Ferent That is why the informational content of all the objects that have fallen into the black hole is not contained in surface fluctuations of the event horizon. “Einstein started from Special Theory of Relativity to explain Gravitation and he discovered a wrong gravitation theory the General Theory of Relativity.” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[164] viXra:1805.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 19:09:09

Revisit of Carmichael 1913 Work and an Elementary Approach for Fermat’s Last Theorem of Case I

Authors: Gang Li
Comments: 13 Pages. Submitted to JNT. This is an improved version of the paper posted at http://vixra.org/abs/1706.0288

We discuss an elementary approach to prove the first case of Fermat's last theorem (FLT). The essence of the proof is to notice that $a+b+c$ is of order $N^{\alpha}$ if $a^N+b^N+c^N=0$. To prove FLT, we first show that $\alpha$ can not be $2$; we then show that $\alpha$ can not be $3$, etc. While this is is the standard method of induction, we refer to it here as the ``infinite ascent'' technique, in contrast to Fermat's original ``infinite descent'' technique. A conjecture, first noted by Ribenboim is used.
Category: Number Theory

[163] viXra:1805.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 20:19:28

Refutation of Fredkin Paradox in One Variable © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

"The more equally attractive two alternatives seem, the harder it can be to choose between them —- no matter that, to the same degree, the choice can only matter less." This is not contradictory, and not tautologous, thereby refuting the Fredkin paradox, and in one variable p as chosen state and alternative state.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[162] viXra:1805.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 21:22:19

The Mind of God: An Observationally Verifiable Quantum Theory of Gravity that Defines Black Holes, Explains Dark Matter, Predicts Dark Energy, and Establishes the Big Bang

Authors: Andrew Cox
Comments: 13 Pages.

If space is quantized on a compactified fourth spatial dimension as outlined in Kaluza-Klein theory -- with the extreme curvature of the fourth spatial dimension causing the 'effect' of gravity -- but we experience three-dimensional (inverse-square) gravity, then the fourth spatial dimension must operate as one stand-alone spatial dimension. In one spatial dimension, quantum gravity is the same (effectively 100%) whether two objects are together or apart. This deductive quantum theory of relativity can then be projected to: (1) define black holes as wormholes into the fourth spatial dimension; (2) explain dark matter as photons which traveled through black holes and into the fourth spatial dimension; (3) predict dark energy to be the warping of the fourth spatial dimension in the presence of dark matter photons; and (4) establish the big bang as the beginning of three flat spatial dimensions in a cyclic universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[161] viXra:1805.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 01:09:25

ФИЗИЧЕСКАЯ ИЛЛЮЗИЯ ЧИСЛА ПИ Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. Гипотезы, исключающие возможность физического существования числа Пи.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Гипотезы, исключающие возможность физического существования числа Пи.
Category: Astrophysics

[160] viXra:1805.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 02:22:22

Proton's Weak Charge

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A new result from the Q-weak experiment at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility provides a precision test of the weak force, one of four fundamental forces in nature. [21] The most surprising result from beta decay is that nature is not ambidextrous, but is "left-handed." [20] This week, a group of scientists working on the MiniBooNE experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab reported a breakthrough: They were able to identify exactly-known-energy muon neutrinos hitting the atoms at the heart of their particle detector. [19] In a study published in Physical Review Letters, collaborators of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an experiment led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, have shown they can shield a sensitive, scalable 44-kilogram germanium detector array from background radioactivity. [18] The study has put the most stringent limits on the probability of a rare event—a neutrinoless double beta decay of tellurium-130 nuclei. This event can only occur if a neutrino can be its own antiparticle. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[159] viXra:1805.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 05:21:44

To and Fro Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. in the Present We Observe a Projection of Surrounding Space on an Information Field of Earth.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In the present we observe a projection of surrounding space on an information field of Earth.
Category: Astrophysics

[158] viXra:1805.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 06:27:39

Measuring the Gender Gap

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 12 Pages.

The present working paper proposes a different characterization of the Gender pay gap which provides much more accurate understanding of the different opportunities for each gender the pay estructure implies.
Category: Social Science

[157] viXra:1805.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 06:29:10

Medir la Brecha de Genero

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 12 Pages.

El texto revisa la caracterización matemática de la Brecha de remuneración entre hombres y mujeres.
Category: Social Science

[156] viXra:1805.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 06:53:37

Inner Calm of Quantum Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and multi-institutional collaborators have been studying BACOVO—a one-dimensional quantum material. [12] While defects in a diamond are mostly undesirable, certain defects are a quantum physicist's best friend, having the potential to store bits of information that could one day be used in a quantum computing system. [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[155] viXra:1805.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 07:52:55

Question 452: the Number pi , Elementary Formulas

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

This note presents some elementary formulas involving pi.
Category: Number Theory

[154] viXra:1805.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 08:01:50

Origin of Inertia, Radiation Reaction, Planetary Spin and 'Time-Dilation' Effects

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 8 Pages.

Inertia of a body is due to electromagnetic interaction of the body with all matter in the universe. If there is coil B nearby a current carrying coil A whose current is varying with time, voltage and current will be induced in coil B, whose magnetic field will in turn act on coil A, creating a back EMF in coil A, resisting changes in current in coil A. Inertia is fundamentally the same phenomenon. Inertial mass of a body varies with the distance of the body from celestial objects. Inertial mass also varies with absolute velocity. This theory may resolve some long standing mysteries in physics.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[153] viXra:1805.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 07:57:57

Atom Clouds Challenges Theories

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Experiments with ultra-cold atoms at the TU Wien have shown surprising results: coupled atom clouds synchronize within milliseconds. This effect cannot be explained by standard theories. [38] Scientists forged quantum connections between separate regions within clouds of ultracold atoms, demonstrating entanglement between thousands of particles in two different locations. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[152] viXra:1805.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 08:04:23

Dynamics of Boundary Layer Separating from Surface to the Outer Flow

Authors: Sergey V. Ershkov
Comments: 10 pages, 7 figures; Keywords: Navier-Stokes equations, non-stationary flow, boundary layer

Solving the Navier-Stokes equations for 3D boundary layer of the incompressible flow of Newtonian fluids is the most unsolved problem in fluid mechanics. A lot of authors have been executing their researches to obtain the analytical and semi-analytic solutions for the boundary layer approximation of Navier-Stokes equations, even for example for 2D case of compressible gas flow. But there is an essential deficiency of 3D solutions for the boundary layer indeed. In current research, an elegant ansatz is developed to obtain 3D solutions for the boundary layer approximation of Navier-Stokes equations of incompressible fluids (in the vicinity of the point of separating of boundary layer from surface to the outer ideal flow). The governing equation for such the process is proved to be the Poisson equation for each the component of velocity field of boundary layer flow, which could nevertheless be reduced to the Laplace equation in case of the uniform outer flow.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[151] viXra:1805.0169 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-11 09:52:53

The Earth Moon Collisions: Presenting Three Collisions in Detail

Authors: R. Winnubst
Comments: 27 Pages.

To verify the likelihood of a new solar system formation hypothesis, research was conducted into a possible low speed, shallow angled collision between an ice-covered Earth and Moon, 4.1 billion years ago. Via a tailored set of indicators, not just one but three collisions were identified beyond a reasonable doubt. All are presented in great photographic and topographic detail in this paper. On the Moon, the three impact areas are: Aitkin basin, a double string of major maria and wider Oceanus Procellarum. On Earth, the respective corresponding impact areas are: The Arctic, the Canadian Shield and equatorial Gondwana (centred at current Antarctica). As a result, many issues in geology can now be explained, from the ‘faint young Sun paradox’ to Hadean geology and continental drift.
Category: Geophysics

[150] viXra:1805.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 10:35:45

A `constant Lagrangian' Fit of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the `F-Series' from the Sparc Database.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 31 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to the F-series of the SPARC database. I will fit the experimental rotation curves of the $16$ `F' galaxies from this database using the dual fit approach. This means that one fit is made for the stars dominated region of one galaxy. Another fit is added for the gas dominated region of the same galaxy. The dual fit approach results in a rotation curve fit that mostly remains within the observational error margins. For some galaxies of the series a single model already remains nicely within the error margins and then doesn't really justify a dual fit. Some galaxies are more complicated and problably need a threefold fit. This dual fit approach follows the mass composition of galaxies as composed of a bulge, possibly a disk and mostly extended gas clouds.
Category: Astrophysics

[149] viXra:1805.0167 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-10 11:18:43

Human Cytomegalovirus is the Cause of Atherosclerosis.

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 26 pages. Copyright © 2018 by Ilija Barukcic, Jever, Germany. Published by: ...

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has been supposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (AS). Although many authors proved the presence of viral DNA in arterial wall tissue, the role of CMV in the origin and progress of athero-sclerosis still remains unclear and no definite consensus has been reached. Whether CMV may be involved in the development of AS has not yet been established. METHODS: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether CMV and AS are causally related. Literature was searched through the electronic database PubMed. Data were accurately assessed and analyzed. RESULTS: The meta-analysis results showed that CMV infection and AS are causally connected. CONCLUSIONS: Cytomegalovirus is the cause of atherosclerosis. Keywords Cytomegalovirus, atherosclerosis, causal relationship
Category: Statistics

[148] viXra:1805.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 11:56:17

On the Dichotomy of Causality and Measurement.

Authors: G. N. N. Martin
Comments: 4 Pages.

There is a fundamental incompatibility between the logic of causality and that of measurement: causality is defined at a point, whereas measurement is defined over a volume. This problem is illustrated by Schrödinger's wave equation for an electron, where the wave equation describes the evolution of the electron by describing the evolution of the wave at each point, but measurement is made on the electron as a whole.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[147] viXra:1805.0165 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-12 07:52:40

Proving Fermat's Last Theorem Using Circles

Authors: Timothy W. Jones
Comments: 2 Pages. A few clarifications.

Using circles that generate areas of positive integer values, together with the transcendence of pi, we show that x^n + y^n = z^n has no solution in positive integers for n greater than or equal to 3, Fermat's Last Theorem. It fits in a margin.
Category: Number Theory

[146] viXra:1805.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 15:00:29

Percentage Ratios for Life in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Barrington Taylor, Jeffrey Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

The time scales and percentage rates involved in stellar evolution cannot be emphasized enough. Explanation to show this is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[145] viXra:1805.0163 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-31 09:14:31

From E.G. Haug Escape Velocity To the Golden Ratio at the Black Hole

Authors: Branko Zivlak
Comments: 7 Pages. 18 formulas

Escape velocity from the E.G. Haug has been checked. It is compared with orbital velocity formula for an ideal circular path. The formulas are simplified so that we have only one variable that contains the Planck values and the mass of the central body. In the case of an arbitrary star, the values of these velocities are determined during its compression to the black hole. Unlike the standard and relativistic formulas that are approximations for a weak gravitational field, Haug's formula is exact for a weak and strong gravitational field. The relationships between formulas showed the importance of the golden ratio below the Schwarzschild radius.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[144] viXra:1805.0162 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-09 11:30:03

Updated Elementary Proof of the Goldbach Conjecture

Authors: Stephen Marshall
Comments: 6 Pages.

Christian Goldbach (March 18, 1690 – November 20, 1764) was a German mathematician. He is remembered today for Goldbach's conjecture. Goldbach's conjecture is one of the oldest and best-known unsolved problems in number theory and all of mathematics. It states: Every even integer greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes. On 7 June 1742, the German mathematician Christian Goldbach wrote a letter to Leonhard Euler (letter XLIII) in which he proposed the following conjecture: Every even integer which can be written as the sum of two primes (the strong conjecture) He then proposed a second conjecture in the margin of his letter: Every odd integer greater than 7 can be written as the sum of three primes (the weak conjecture). A Goldbach number is a positive even integer that can be expressed as the sum of two odd primes. Since four is the only even number greater than two that requires the even prime 2 in order to be written as the sum of two primes, another form of the statement of Goldbach's conjecture is that all even integers greater than 4 are Goldbach numbers. The “strong” conjecture has been shown to hold up through 4 × 1018, but remains unproven for almost 300 years despite considerable effort by many mathematicians throughout history. In number theory, Goldbach's weak conjecture, also known as the odd Goldbach conjecture, the ternary Goldbach problem, or the 3-primes problem, states that Every odd number greater than 5 can be expressed as the sum of three primes. (A prime may be used more than once in the same sum). In 2013, Harald Helfgott proved Goldbach's weak conjecture. The author would like to give many thanks to Helfgott’s proof of the weak conjecture, because this proof of the strong conjecture is completely dependent on Helfgott’s proof. Without Helfgott’s proof, this elementary proof would not be possible.
Category: Number Theory

[143] viXra:1805.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 01:58:04

Influence of Biofield Treated Vitamin D3 on Proliferation, Differentiation, and Maturation of Bone-Related Parameters in MG-63 Cell-Line

Authors: Dimitrius Anagnos, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

The study was aimed to evaluate the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing-based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health parameters such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), collagen, and bone mineralization in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63). The test items (vitamin D3 and DMEM), were divided into two parts. One part of each sample was received the Biofield Energy Treatment by Dimitrius Anagnos and those samples were denoted as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were referred as the untreated test items (UT). The test samples were found as safe in the tested concentrations by MTT cell viability assay. The level of ALP was significantly increased by 74.86% in the BT-DMEM + BT-Test item and 40.17% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item group at 0.1 and 50 µg/mL, respectively compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Moreover, collagen level was significantly increased by 228.22%, 185.40%, and 256.69% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Further, the collagen level was significantly increased by 88.61% and 130.65% in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Apart from this, the percent of bone mineralization was distinctly enhanced by 98.61%, 111.67%, and 68.26% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Additionally, the percentage of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 83.3%, 99.52%, and 50.26% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Altogether, the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 was significantly improved the bone health parameters and it could be an alternative approach for nutraceutical supplement to combat vitamin D3 deficiency and able to fight against various bone-related disorders including rickets, low bone density, osteomalacia, bone and joint pain, bone fractures, osteoporosis, osteoma, osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget’s disease, deformed bones, chondrodystrophia fetalis, stress management and prevention, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, and anti-aging by improving overall health.
Category: Biochemistry

[142] viXra:1805.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 12:43:33

Sunqm-3: Solving Schrodinger Equation for Solar Quantum Mechanics {N,n} Structure

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper, Schrodinger equation is established for the non-spin Solar QM {N,n} structure model. Solving the Schrodinger equation gives the orbit energy En = -3.81E+11 *(m / n^2), where m is the orbital moving object's mass (in kg), and n is the total n of the orbit using Sun core {0,1} as r1. Combining r^2*|R(nl)|^2 to the deduced Sun's interior mass density formula D = 1.26E+23 / r^2.33, a plot of {N,n} QM calculated (that is close to the true) mass density vs. r (within Sun ball {0,2}) has been made.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[141] viXra:1805.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 21:33:10

Refutation of Fitch's Paradox of Knowability © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

We find the Fitch paradox to be tautologous, that is, not contradictory, and hence a theorem. We state the theorem as "every truth is discernible", and we add, "by the instant modal logic model checker". A subsequent invocation of Gödel incompleteness and with jettison of the knowability rule to generalize and solve the paradox is contradictory, proving nothing.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[140] viXra:1805.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 22:31:35

The Determining of the Lowest Water Level in a Surge Tank

Authors: Kim Chol-Gyong, Sin Gyong- Il, Ri Un-Chol
Comments: 4 Pages.

This treatise solved: firstly, mathematically solved the important factor in management of the canal system hydropower plant -the lowest water level of the surge tank (or fore bay tank). Secondly, improved the former is the same as the stability condition of the water level vibration in the surge tank. Thirdly, improved the water level in the surge tank is connected with the diameter of the hydraulic tunnel and the diameter of the penstock. Key words: hydropower plant, surge tank, lowest water level, hydraulic tunnel, penstock
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[139] viXra:1805.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 23:05:21

Quantum Local Causality in Non-Metric Space

Authors: fosco Ruzzene
Comments: 32 Pages.

Previous analysis of Bell inequalities identified the assumption of metric variables for physical quantities. Because of the nexus between variable-type and underlying geometry, and by implication space structure, inequalities violation can be attributed to space being non-metric. Analysis of Heisenberg gedanken experiments leads to the same possibility. The consensus view however, is that local causality is the sole assumption. An alternative analysis of the extended EPR perfect anti-correlation configuration finds that this is not correct. There is also the additional assumption of orientation independence.
Category: Quantum Physics

[138] viXra:1805.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 23:17:06

Refutation of Drinker's Paradox © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The drinker's paradox is not tautologous and also not contradictory. Therefore, the drinker's paradox is refuted as a paradox.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[137] viXra:1805.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 01:19:12

Smart Microchip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[136] viXra:1805.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 02:00:57

Material-Aging Process

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

According to the researchers, aging originates at the atomic and molecular levels. [21] The most surprising result from beta decay is that nature is not ambidextrous, but is "left-handed." [20] This week, a group of scientists working on the MiniBooNE experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab reported a breakthrough: They were able to identify exactly-known-energy muon neutrinos hitting the atoms at the heart of their particle detector. [19] In a study published in Physical Review Letters, collaborators of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an experiment led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, have shown they can shield a sensitive, scalable 44-kilogram germanium detector array from background radioactivity. [18] The study has put the most stringent limits on the probability of a rare event—a neutrinoless double beta decay of tellurium-130 nuclei. This event can only occur if a neutrino can be its own antiparticle. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[135] viXra:1805.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 03:22:53

On Squarefree Values of some Univariate Polynomials.

Authors: Preininger Helmut
Comments: 24 Pages.

We consider univariate Polynomials, P(s), of the form (a1 * s + b1)*...*(ak * s + bk), where a1,..,ak,b1,..,bk are natural numbers and the variable s is squarefree. We give an algorithm to calculate, for a arbitrary s, the probability that the value of P(s) is squarefree.
Category: Number Theory

[134] viXra:1805.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 04:25:45

Spatial Dimensions

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 7pages, 3 figures

Here is analyzed the dimensionality of our universe on the basis of multi space conception. The new space conception proposes that space is the manifestation of a force field. Space does not exist independently from a force field. Hence each forcefield has its own eigenspace with different dimensionality.
Category: Classical Physics

[133] viXra:1805.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 07:40:33

Refutation of the New Riddle of Induction © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

Both states of the argument are tautologous, not contradictory, and hence theorems. Therefore the new riddle of induction is refuted as a riddle or paradox.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[132] viXra:1805.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 08:10:19

Towards a More Well-Founded Cosmology: Summary of the Model that Emerged

Authors: Hartmut Traunmüller
Comments: Pages.

This is a summary of the cosmological model that emerged in the paper "Towards a more well-founded cosmology". The theory on which the model is based explains the velocity c, the cosmic redshift and the phenomenon of inertia; it predicts the observable relation between the redshift factor (1+z) and the magnitude of distant standard candles (SNe Ia etc.) as well as the observable angular sizes of distant objects (galaxies etc.). It predicts inertia to be reduced at small accelerations - as observable in galactic dynamics and phenomenologically described in Modified Newtonian Mechanics. It honors conservation of energy and the perfect cosmological principle.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[131] viXra:1805.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 09:27:43

Magnetized Plasmas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The new approach, known as a plasma q-plate, will revolutionize sources for generating optical vortices. The work will impact a broad range of applications. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23] A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research. [22] In experiments at SLAC, intense laser light (red) shining through a magnesium oxide crystal excited the outermost " valence " electrons of oxygen atoms deep inside it. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[130] viXra:1805.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 09:36:53

Full Circle in Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[129] viXra:1805.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 10:09:55

Refutation of the Paradox of Epimenides the Cretan © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The argument is: "Epimenides the Cretan said that all Cretans were liars, and all other statements made by Cretans were certainly lies. Was this a lie?" It is not tautologous and not contradictory. Therefore the paradox of Epimenides is refuted as a paradox. The answer to the question "Was this a lie" is neither contradiction nor proof.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[128] viXra:1805.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 10:34:33

Most Sensitive Dark Matter Experiments

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[127] viXra:1805.0144 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-08 06:01:25

Hawking Radiation in Data General Relativity Theory

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 5 Pages. Thank you for reading

In IJTP-D-18-00281 or preprint “General relativity and the representation of solutions”(Sangwha Yi write) in researchgate ,we found new general relativity theory (we call it Data General Relativity Theory;DGRT). We treats the data of Hawking radiation by Data general relativity theory
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[126] viXra:1805.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 11:41:15

DNA Nanomachines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[125] viXra:1805.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 16:11:39

Defects in BCS-Theory/ Why a Theory of High-Tc-Superconductivity Can`t be Successful (At Now)?

Authors: Hans Christian Haunschild
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this work it will be shown that the BCS-Theory of Superconductivity contains two mistakes. Without deleting these mistakes no theory of High-temperature-superconductivity will be successful.
Category: Condensed Matter

[124] viXra:1805.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 17:14:10

Sunqm-2: Expanding QM from Micro-World to Macro-World: General Planck Constant, H-C Unit, H-Quasi-Constant, and the Meaning of QM

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 17 Pages.

A general form of Planck constant has been discovered as h(general) = h(m/m'), where m is the mass of object we are studying (like electron, Earth, etc.), and m' is part of the scaling factor that scales h up or down. Although it is suitable for both micro- and macro- world's QM, as well as the EM- and G-forced QM, h(general) is not constant at all. h(general) is a variable unit (named H-C unit), which make us able to use the same QM formula for hydrogen atom to calculate the orbit movement for all kinds of attractive central-force system. The orbital energy can be written as E(n-orbit) = -Hmf(n-orbit) , where H=h/m' is a quasi constant (for all objects on all different orbits with same r1, and for both G-force and EM-force simultaneously). A new concept of high-frequency multiplier quantum number n' has been proposed. A new concept of RF (rotation diffusion, or rotafusion) has been proposed. It is the complete randomization of unit vector L/|L| at n=1 ground state. A new concept of interior {N,n} QM analysis has been proposed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[123] viXra:1805.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 20:24:39

Letter to Physicist

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. Robert Yusupov © Letter to Physicist 8 May 2018

In this article I present a letter addressed to all physicists. The author refers to all physicists. The author provides them with a solution to the problem of natural units of mass, length and time. This problem was dealt with by many physicists of the past. This problem stirs the minds and consciousness of modern researchers of nature, natural scientists and physicists. I believe that my solution to the problem of natural units of mass, length and time is correct and the only correct, accurate and absolutely true, complete and final. As a dialectical materialist, I am firmly convinced of the correctness and truth of my "Theory of Nature". I present it to your court, dear readers.
Category: Classical Physics

[122] viXra:1805.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 22:36:01

Letter to Physicist\\\\\Письио физику

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Letter to Physicist 8 May 2018

В настоящей статье представлено письмо адресованное физикам. Автор обращается ко всем физикам. Автор предоставляет им на суд своё решение проблемы натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени. Этой проблемой занимались многие физики прошлого. Эта проблема будоражит умы и сознание современных исследователей природы, естествоиспытателей и физиков. Считаю, что моё решение проблемы натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени является единственно правильным и верным, аккуратным и абсолютно истинным, полным и окончательным. Я как диалектический материалист, твёрдо уверен в правоте и истинности своей «Теории Природы». Выставляю её на ваш суд, уважаемые читатели.
Category: Classical Physics

[121] viXra:1805.0138 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-09 04:48:16

Refutation of the Paradox of Moses Maimonides © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

Does God know or does He not know that a certain individual will be good or bad? If thou sayest 'He knows', then it necessarily follows that the man is compelled to act as God knew beforehand he would to act, otherwise God's knowledge would be imperfect. The question is tautologous. The additional sentence with the first is not tautologous and not contradictory. Therefore the paradox of Maimonides is refuted as a paradox.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[120] viXra:1805.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 00:09:49

Krishta, the Good Shepherd

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 16 Pages.

This article explores a broad perspective of Jesus the Christ, not just the cornerstone of Christianity, but a unifier of religions, understanding the true meaning and significance of His teachings.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[119] viXra:1805.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 04:57:11

Professor Gian-Luca Oppo -ats- Mr. Ivor Catt: A Case Study in Electromagnetic Theory

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 12 Pages.

Digital electronic systems involve voltage pulses along USB cables. These pulses are more often than not, not periodic, and behave in a fashion that does not appear to accord with Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism. Digital electronics, with its nanosecond switching, did not exist in Maxwell's time, so related phenomena were not available to Maxwell and his contemporaries. Electrical engineer Ivor Catt is a pioneer in the development of digital electronic hardware. His work over several decades in industry has revealed issues with classical electromagnetic theory. Theoretical physicists are yet to acknowledge their theoretical shortcomings. Professor Gian-Luca Oppo, a theoretical physicist at the University of Strathclyde in Scotland, represented classical electromagnetic theory in contrast to the evidence and arguments presented by Mr. Catt from real world digital hardware engineering. Catt's findings are however quite compelling.
Category: Classical Physics

[118] viXra:1805.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 04:59:35

Nanoscale Two-Photon Technique

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[117] viXra:1805.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 06:02:15

Molecular Movies of RNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10]
Category: Physics of Biology

[116] viXra:1805.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 07:20:02

Proof of the Hypothesis of Dirac Large Numbers or How to Weight the Universe. (English Version)

Authors: Yury Rabyshko
Comments: 29 Pages.

The article gives a brief exposition of the solution of cosmological problems. The problem of stability and shortage of mass in galaxies, huge velocities of galactic clusters is solved. The law of formation of fundamental constants, the law of nonlinear expansion of the Universe, the law of gravitational interaction is found. Proof of the hypothesis of large Dirac numbers. This is the English version.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[115] viXra:1805.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 07:42:44

A Study on the Design Method of a Wholeness Management System Based on Integrated Management of Data Centers

Authors: IlNam Ri, SongIl Choe, Hun Kim
Comments: 11 Pages.

In recent years, with the rapid development of cloud computing and IoT, the demand for big data has increased and the need for large data center and enterprise data center has been actively promoted. (1,3) In this paper, a system design method that integrates and manages various information systems in the data centers of enterprise units is dealt with. Since the production facilities of medium-scale units are managed by various detention facilities and control devices, an integrated monitoring system should be established to manage them collectively. (2) Therefore, the paper suggests a standard design for proposing an integrated model face-to-face configuration of various facilities to be managed in enterprise units and an integrated monitoring system for environmental facilities, do. And we try to evaluate the effectiveness of the system by analyzing the failure information transmission time of the integrated monitoring system.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[114] viXra:1805.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 08:55:34

Water-Based Battery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[113] viXra:1805.0129 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-06 21:50:34

Gravity Wave Basics

Authors: William O. Straub
Comments: 7 Pages. Fixed minor typo in Eq. (5.6)

An overview of the fundamentals of gravity waves intended for undergraduate physics students, curious high schoolers, and brilliant 4th graders, utilizing the traditional linearized form of Einstein’s field equations.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[112] viXra:1805.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 09:29:50

Quantum Hall Mixmaster Gravitational Wave Echoes Bounded by Geometric Clifford Wavefunction Interaction Impedances

Authors: Peter Cameron
Comments: 2 Pages.

This note proposes a topic to the upcoming 7th Conference on Applied Geometric Algebras. It conjectures that exact impedance quantization of the fractional quantum Hall effect, claims of gravitational wave echoes recovered from LIGO/VIRGO data, and mixmaster tidal oscillations of Professor Thorne’s wife share causal origins in quantized impedance networks of Geometric Wavefunction Interactions of the particle physicist’s Clifford algebra.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[111] viXra:1805.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 09:35:39

Biology the Next Computing Platform

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Crispr, the powerful gene-editing tool, is revolutionizing the speed and scope with which scientists can modify the DNA of organisms, including human cells. [32] One promising version of magnetic device relies on the magnetoelectric effect which allows an electric field to switch the magnetic properties of the devices. [31] A University of Washington-led team has now taken this one step further by encoding information using magnets that are just a few layers of atoms in thickness. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28] Employees of Kazan Federal University and Kazan Quantum Center of Kazan National Research Technical University demonstrated an original layout of a prototype of multiresonator broadband quantum-memory interface. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[110] viXra:1805.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 17:41:51

The Resolution of the Twin Paradox in a One-Way Trip

Authors: Rodrigo de Abreu, Vasco Guerra
Comments: 27 Pages.

The twin paradox is considered in a one-way trip. Usually it is considered in a two-way trip. In the usual formulation, the problem, the relative ageing of the twins during the one-way trip, is hidden by the total ageing of the twins in the round trip. It is shown that if we know the relative ageing of the twins during the one-way trip there is no paradox and therefore the allegedly necessity to consider acceleration or the change of the frame argumentations does not emerge. It is also shown that the problem of simultaneity is irrelevant since in a one-way trip the twin can age slower or faster than the stay at home twin and therefore the asymmetry must have an explanation different of the standard explanation based on the time dilation effect. It is shown that Special Relativity is enough to solve the twin paradox. The twin paradox is a classical case of a not well formulated problem (an ill-formulated problem)
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[109] viXra:1805.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 20:56:10

In Defense of Dialectical Materialism (From Previously Unpublished)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 6 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©>In defense of Dialectical Materialism MAY 06 2018

In defense of Dialectical Materialism (from previously unpublished) +++++++++ The only scientific philosophy is Marxist-Leninist philosophy (MLF). One of its main parts is the theory of dialectical materialism. Marxist-Leninist philosophy (MLF) and dialectical materialism in its composition arm us with true knowledge of nature and its laws. All other philosophies are false and unscientific theories. These are idealistic, bourgeois, tabloid, vulgar, speculative philosophical doctrines, trends, theories and schools. "Theory of Nature" by the author (http://vixra.org/author/robert_yusupov) on the part of physics and cosmology fully confirms the positions and conclusions of dialectical materialism and of all Marxist-Leninist philosophy. ---------------------------------------- В защиту диалектического материализма (из ранее неопубликованного) +++++++++ Единственная научная философия – это марксистско-ленинская философия (МЛФ). Одной из её основных частей является теория диалектического материализма. Марксистско-ленинская философия (МЛФ) и диалектический материализм в её составе вооружают нас истинным знанием о природе и её законах. Все прочие философии являются ложными и антинаучными теориями. Это идеалистические, буржуазные, бульварные, вульгарные, спекулятивные философские учения, направления, теории и школы. «Теория Природы» автора (http://vixra.org/author/robert_yusupov) со стороны физики и космологии полностью подтверждает положения и выводы диалектического материализма и всей марксистско-ленинской философии.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[108] viXra:1805.0124 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-06 14:30:48

Refutation of the Prisoner Paradox© Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The three states of the prisoner paradox are not contradictory. This means the prisoner paradox is not a paradox.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[107] viXra:1805.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 00:02:56

Sunqm-1s3: Applying {N,n} QM Structure Analysis to Planets Using Exterior and Interior {N,n} QM

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 18 Pages.

The Solar QM {N,n//6} model is so successful in describing the QM of Sun-planet system, that inevitably it has to be able to describe the QM of planet-moon system. In this paper, I used {N,n} QM model to analyze all eight planets. The result revealed that Jupiter has a p{N,n//5} QM structure, Earth has a p{N,n//2} QM structure. Neptune possibly has a p{N,n//2} or p{N,n//4} QM structure, Saturn possibly has a mixture of p{N,n//2} and p{N,n//3} QM structure. The rest planets have no clear p{N,n} QM structure. Through a global data analysis, I discovered that all eight planets were originally formed in p{N,n//2} QM structure, with an atmosphere at p{1,1//2}, a Earth-sized core at p{0,1//2}, and a inner core at p{-1,1//2}. Then after the (hydrogen fusion generated) ice-evap-line expanded and passed {1,6}, all {1,n=3..6}o orbit planets' p{1,1//2} atmosphere mass was stripped off (like the current Earth), and even part of Earth-sized core was stripped off (like the current Mars). Jupiter captured most part of the stripped off mass (which grew its mass from originally 10% to today's 100%) and transformed its p{N,n} from p{N,1//2} to today's p{N,n//5}. Saturn captured small part of the stripped off mass (which grew its mass from originally 20% to today's 100%) and transformed its p{N,n} from p{N,1//2} to today's mixture of p{N,1//2} and p{N,n//3}. Among eight planets, only Uranus and Neptune still keep the original p{N,1//2} QM structure with almost intact p{1,1//2} atmosphere, p{0,1//2} Earth-sized core, and p{-1,1//2} inner core. The limitation of p{N,n} QM analysis for meter-sized objects has been discussed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[106] viXra:1805.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 00:24:40

The Two-Dimensional Vavilov-Cherenkov Effect with Radiative Corrections

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 13 Pages. ----

We derive the photon power spectrum, including the radiative corrections, generated by charged particle moving within 2D graphene sheet with implanted ions forming dielectric medium. It enables the experimental realization of the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation. The relation of the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation to light emission diode (LED) is discussed. LED dielectric sheets can be the crucial components of detectors in experimental particle physics. So, the article represents the unification of graphene physics with the physics of elementary particles.
Category: Condensed Matter

[105] viXra:1805.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 01:12:14

Principle of Independently Established Co-Determinism; (2.0) Parsimony & Physical Law in Nature

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles-Brenden
Comments: 112 Pages. Equivalence in two; is the consideration of what in numberless infinitives differently knowable extremes is it's minimization independently inclusive to consideration conclusive of a given.

As any true principle of science is established by it's only one priorly known given, as derived factual meaning is only as of what in any yet established relation is a conclusion to a then hypothetical foundation of fact, a factually considered conclusion; as meaning only derives from it's priorly one given known; that of any true principle is only exclusively it's one then given to that of what in one is the understood of all and a one as in a prior relation then reconsidered; a known relation is two; to that of each.
Category: Classical Physics

[104] viXra:1805.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 12:44:00

AI Based Catalysis Informatics Framework Using JI Prolog/jCompound Mapper/JikesRVM/IoT Computing Environments – A Novel Insight into the Chemical Informatics World of Catalysis.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Artificial Intelligence(AI) Based Chemical Informatics Notes.

As explained in the TITLE mentioned above,we intend to explore the informatics aspects of Catalysis using Java related technologies.
Category: Chemistry

[103] viXra:1805.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 13:07:04

CERN’s Wrong Measurements, Because of Einstein’s Wrong STR

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 157 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Because Einstein’s STR is wrong, the scientists at CERN get wrong measurements” Adrian Ferent “If you add more energy than the energy at rest, you do not have a proton anymore, you have only energy” Adrian Ferent “If the kinetic energy Ek calculated at CERN is 7452 times the rest energy of a proton, they do not collide anymore protons at CERN” Adrian Ferent “At CERN they collide protons with 7 TeV and they measure particles with 900 MeV. Where are those 7 TeV? Adrian Ferent My Special Theory of Relativity (STR) explains that the proton can not have a kinetic energy higher than the rest energy, 938 MeV. “Because Einstein’s STR is wrong, the scientists at CERN get wrong measurements” Adrian Ferent Infinite! You learned from Einstein, from your professors, from your books that at the speed of light the energy is infinite! “The energy at the speed of light is not infinite, the energy is E = m0c^2” Adrian Ferent Here is the trouble and all physicists followed him: “Einstein did not understand Special Theory of Relativity and General Theory of Relativity” Adrian Ferent At CERN the scientists say that the protons have the energy 7TeV with a speed v = 99.9999991%•c; they calculated using Einstein’s wrong STR. Lorentz factor = 7453 The rest energy of a proton is 938 MeV. The kinetic energy of the proton Ek = 6.99 TeV. My STR explains that the proton can not have a kinetic energy higher than the rest energy, 938 MeV. “The total energy, must be smaller than E = m0c^2 “ Adrian Ferent But the kinetic energy Ek calculated at CERN is 7452 times the rest energy of a proton. “If you add more energy than the energy at rest, you do not have a proton anymore, you have only energy” Adrian Ferent “If the kinetic energy Ek calculated at CERN is 7452 times the rest energy of a proton, they do not collide anymore protons at CERN” Adrian Ferent From these results Einstein’s equation for the kinetic energy is wrong, and the Lorentz factor is wrong. The Lorentz factor is right only if the speed is smaller than v = 0.786•c; at CERN the speed is much higher. “The speed in the Lorentz factor must be smaller than v = 0.786•c, than v = 2.358×10^8 m/s” Adrian Ferent “Because the speed in the Lorentz factor must be smaller than v = 0.786•c, it means the Lorentz transformations are wrong” Adrian Ferent If I consider 1 proton has the rest energy of 1 GeV, scientists say at CERN 1 proton has the energy of 7000 protons (7TeV). This means when they collide 2 protons they obtain 14000 protons (14TeV). That is why at CERN the measurements are wrong, because of Einstein’s wrong STR. This is the proof that Einstein’s STR is wrong and my STR is right. Measurement accuracy at CERN: when you want to measure very accurate 1 gram of gold, you do not use 7000 grams to measure 1 gram of gold. Did they measure 1 TeV the proton energy at Fermilab (Tevatron), 7 TeV the proton energy at CERN (LHC) or only they calculated these energies with Einstein’s STR? Because my solution for STR: for v = 0.999999991•c at CERN the Lorentz factor is wrong! Einstein’s STR is wrong. Lorentz transformations are wrong.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[102] viXra:1805.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 13:34:08

Sunqm-1s2: Comparing to Other Star-Planet Systems, Our Solar System Has a Nearly Perfect {N,n//6} QM Structure

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 12 Pages.

The Solar QM {N,n//6} structure has been successful not only for modeling the Solar system from Sun core to Oort cloud, but also in matching the size of white dwarf, neutron star and even black hole. In this paper, I have used this model to further scan down (and up) in our world. It is interesting to find that on the small end, the r(s) of hydrogen atom, proton and quark match {-12,1}, {-15,1} and {-17,1} respectively. On the large end, our Milky way galaxy, the Virgo super cluster have their r(s) match {8,1}, and {10,1} respectively. In a second estimation, some elementary particles like electron, up quark, down quark, … may have their {N,n} QM structures match {-17,1}, {-17,2}, {-17,3} … respectively. In a third estimation, the r(s) of super-massive black hole of Andromeda galaxy and Milky way galaxy match {2,1} and {1,1} respectively. However, so far the Solar QM {N,n} structure has not been re-produced in other exoplanetary systems (like TRAPPIST-1, HD 10180, Kepler-90, Kelper-11, 55-Cacri). So I propose that our Sun was formed from a single large seed (with size of Jupiter or even a red dwarf) and so that it has the almost perfect {N,n} QM structure. Therefore it reflects the true G-force (and F4-degenerated-force) formed QM in our universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[101] viXra:1805.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 14:27:15

Sunqm-1s1: the Dynamics of the Quantum Collapse (And Quantum Expansion) of Solar QM {N,n} Structure

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 21 Pages.

In this paper I study the evolution and dynamics of the Solar QM {N,n} structure. After discovered the Solar QM {N,n} structure, I immediately realized that the formation of our current Solar system was through a series of quantum collapse of pre-Sun ball's N super-shell from {6,1} to {0,1}. However, it took me quite a while to figure out what is the driving force for the quantized collapse: the collapse of {N,n=1..5}o super-shell increases the thermal pressure of {N-1,n=1..5}o super-shell and prevent it from immediate collapse. Then after some time the heat (and mass) losing in {N-1,n=1..5}o super-shell decreased its thermal pressure and trigged a new round of collapse. A switch from the cold-G r-track for N=4 and 3 super-shells to the hot-G r-track for N=1 and 0 super-shells caused a 26% of r length increase. This r-track change revealed that the Hydrogen fusion started right after {2,1}RF pre-Sun ball had formed. (The Hydrogen fusion's heat formed) ice-evap-line expended and passed Mars orbit {1,6}, and evaporated all ice mass within {1,6}RF ball and excited them to orbit {2,2}o and {2,3}o orbits. Therefore it formed the extraordinary large (ice) mass of Jupiter, and very large mass of Saturn. The original mass density as the function of r has been modeled out as D = 4.37E+28 / r^3.279 (kg/m^3). From it, I estimated that the original (ice) mass of Venus, Earth, Mars were 34x, 25x, 19x of the current Earth's mass. The original mass of Jupiter was only 10% of current one. So 90% of Jupiter's current (ice) mass was obtained from the original Venus, Earth, and Mars's orbit shells! The same model also predicted that the four undiscovered {3,n=2..5}o planets/belts will have mass around 12x, 7x, 5x, and 3x of Earth's mass. Asteroid belt is assigned to be at {1,8}o orbit. It is also interesting to see that the mass QM {N,n} structure collapse is accompanied by a heat QM {N,n} structure expansion in the Solar QM {N,n} structure dynamics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[100] viXra:1805.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 02:55:46

Synoptic Type Analysis of Coastal Fog Occurred at the Korean West Sea

Authors: Pak JongGil, Jang DongChol, Kim SuSong, Ri DuYon, Choe YongHo, Ja YongRim, DokGo HyokChol
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this study, the fog phenomenon occurring at the coast of the Korean west sea was divided into the synoptic type and the cause of fog formation was explained. For this purpose, 81 fog processes from April to August between 2012 and 2014 were classified by the synoptic type and the physical quantities were analyzed in each synoptic type. Through the analysis, the type of fog can be classified into A cold front type (A cold front approach type and the passage type of a cold front), A deformation field type, A South High North Low type and A Meiyu front type. Synoptic type was classified by using surface pressure field and analysis of physical quantities was conducted under 850hPa isobaric surface. The data used are RJTD quasi-normal numerical analysis data.
Category: Climate Research

[99] viXra:1805.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 03:47:51

Laser-Driven Electron Recollision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[98] viXra:1805.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 07:43:49

Energy-Efficient Memory for Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

One promising version of magnetic device relies on the magnetoelectric effect which allows an electric field to switch the magnetic properties of the devices. [31] A University of Washington-led team has now taken this one step further by encoding information using magnets that are just a few layers of atoms in thickness. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28] Employees of Kazan Federal University and Kazan Quantum Center of Kazan National Research Technical University demonstrated an original layout of a prototype of multiresonator broadband quantum-memory interface. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[97] viXra:1805.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 08:24:08

Knots in DNA Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9]
Category: Biochemistry

[96] viXra:1805.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 08:48:59

Refutation of Carroll's Tortoise and Achilles as a Paradox © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

A: "Things that are equal to the same are equal to each other" B: "The two sides of this triangle are things that are equal to the same" Therefore Z: "The two sides of this triangle are equal to each other" The argument as rendered is tautologous and hence a theorem. Because it is not contradictory: this refutes Carroll's tortoise and Achilles as a paradox.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[95] viXra:1805.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 10:52:44

Lunar Ascent of the Apollo 17 in Television Broadcast

Authors: Julius A. Birch
Comments: 24 Pages.

We analyze the Apollo 17 ascent from the lunar surface that occurred on December 14, 1972. The lunar ascent was captured by a remotely operated pan-zoom-tilt (PZT) camera on the Lunar Roving Vehicle parked some distance away, and broadcasted on television to the audiences on Earth. We use known features of the camera PZT to extract the angle above the horizon (elevation) as a function of time of the craft in the TV broadcast. We then compare the craft's reconstructed trajectory to that of the Apollo 11 Lunar Module Ascent Stage. We list the differences in Vertical Rise and early Orbit Insertion phases, and what makes them anomalous.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[94] viXra:1805.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 11:06:58

Separation, Transposition and Docking of Apollo 11 in Low-Earth Orbit

Authors: Julius A. Birch
Comments: 34 Pages.

A selection of visual media from the Apollo 11 Mission, namely, the 70mm photographs AS11-36- 5301 through AS11-36-5313 and the 16mm film magazine A, are shown to strongly suggest that at the time of their filming Apollo 11 craft were in low-Earth orbit. The visual media comprise the film footage and the photographs of the craft and the Earth filmed before and during the maneuvers separation, transposition and docking (STD). The STD reportedly occured during the translunar coast some 30 minutes after the translunar injection (TLI). In the STD, the Command and Service Module (CSM) would dismount the rocket Saturn-IVB (S-IVB) carrying the Lunar Module (LM) and the CSM up to that point, then dock with and extract the LM. The S-IVB would then split from the group to fly behind the Moon and in an orbit around the Sun. In determining the location of the Apollo 11 craft, the sizes of Earth and the S-IVB rocket and their distances from the camera are extracted from the media assuming a selection of camera lenses. The extracted CSM flight data include the turning rate and the turning angle, the maximum separation distance, and the docking velocity. From their comparison to the Flight Plan, the Mission Report and to the oral transcripts from the Apollo 11 Flight Journal, it is found that the 16mm Mauer Data Acquisition Camera (DAC) was filming with the 10mm lens, and not with the 18mm lens as NASA reported. Consequently, the photography must have been done with a Hasselblad manual camera with the 38mm lens and not with the Hasselblad electric camera with the 80mm lens as NASA reported. The visual media being recorded with these new lenses puts the craft at the time of the STD in low-Earth orbit, rather than Moon-bound after successful TLI.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[93] viXra:1805.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 11:25:59

Design and Analysis of A Compact UWB Antenna based on Super-Formula

Authors: Kim Song-Jae, Kim Un-Chol, Kang Kyong-Mo
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, compact ultrawideband(UWB) antennas (1-Element and 2-Element) are presented for UWB application. The contour profile of the antenna is obtained by setting the six different parameters of the super-formula. The antenna is microstrip-fed and mounted on compact size FR4 substrate of dimensions of . To improve the impedance bandwidth, a notch is cut from the ground plane and the edges are chamfered with specific dimensions. The antenna is simulated using a full-wave simulator HFSS. Results showed that the antenna works in the UWB range(3.3-10.3GHz) with VSWR less than 2,and having almost constant gain and group delay.Also,in paper 2-Element antenna array are designed and simulated. Proposed antenna are used for applications such as WPAN,WBAN,etc.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[92] viXra:1805.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 11:23:45

Refutation of the Paradox of the Concept of an Analysis as Both Correct and Informative © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The concept of an analysis as both correct and informative is not a paradox.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[91] viXra:1805.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-05 14:58:45

Refutation of the Newcomb Paradox© Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The two separate states of the Newcomb paradox are not contradictory (and not tautologous), so the paradox is refuted. However interestingly if the states are tested as one system (either or), it is tautologous.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[90] viXra:1805.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 16:47:07

Microtubular Transmission in Millimeter Wave Therapy

Authors: Ivan Savelyev, Nelli Zyryanova, Oksana Polesskaya, Rae Anderson, Jack Tuszynski, Max Myakishev-Rempel
Comments: 4 Pages.

Millimeter Wave Therapy (MWT) is a physical therapy largely overlooked in the West largely due to a lack of the mechanistic understanding of its principle. Since the onset of the MWT effect is fast and wavelength-specific [16], it is likely that in addition to signaling by the release of signaling molecules to the blood, there is a more direct and fast signaling pathway from MWT-treated skin to the brain and we suggest that it is of electromagnetic nature. More specifically, we hypothesize, that MWs are not only absorbed by water, but also by microtubules and that it is microtubules that conduct MWs from the periphery to the brain thus circumventing the absorption by water. Therefore, we hypothesise that MWT's effects on the brain are mediated by electromagnetic transmission via microtubules. Moreover, since very low doses of MWT produce significant effects on mood and pain, we hypothesize that MWT taps onto existing electromagnetic microtubular signaling pathway.
Category: Physics of Biology

[89] viXra:1805.0103 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-04 13:47:56

Swarm Differential Equation

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

An attempt to model the movement of a swarm with fluid dynamics of a set of intelligent particles
Category: Physics of Biology

[88] viXra:1805.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-23 14:54:43

Sunqm-1: Quantum Mechanics of the Solar System in a {N,n//6} QM Structure

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 16 Pages.

Finally, I find a way to extend Bohr's atom model (which was inspired by the Solar system structure) to our Solar system structure. In this paper, I present that how I decoded the quantum mechanics for our Solar system by introduce a {N,n//6} QM structure model. In the newly established Solar QM {N,n} structure, Sun core has a size of {0,1}, Sun surface has a size of {0,2}, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars are at {1,n=3..6}o orbits. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Kuiper belt are at {2,n=2..6}o orbits. Oort cloud is at {4,n=1..5}o orbits. There are four undiscovered planets/belts at orbits of {3,n=2..5}o. More interestingly, white dwarf, neutron star, and black hole are assigned to {-1,1}, {-3,2} and {-3,1} in the same model. From these results, I constructed a Solar QM {N,n} structure periodic table (similar as the chemical element’s periodic table). A Solar QM {N,n} structure periodic plot is also presented here which shows some more detailed (and visualized) information.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[87] viXra:1805.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 23:06:51

Improper Levels of Abstraction

Authors: Michael J. Burns
Comments: 3 Pages. mburns92003@yahoo.com

Good analysis is to be faithful in describing the mathematical systems that are out there. But vectors are a far too specialized tool for their assigned role in academic physics, and algebra is entirely too general. And rejecting the bad requires understanding what is better.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[86] viXra:1805.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 00:31:03

Simulation of Construction Process and Stability Analysis of Surrounding Rocks at the Underground Waterway Tunnel Based on Abaqus

Authors: Kim Chol-Gyong, Ri Un-Cholb, Kim Dong-Song, Kim Jin-Hyok
Comments: 12 Pages.

The construction process of the underground waterway tunnel was divided into two stages and the calculation and after treatment was carried out by using the ABAQUS element technique. The study on the ground stress in the working area and the stability of the surrounding rocks were analyzed to improve the reliability of the initial surface stress equilibrium method. As shown in the results, we can know the parameters of the surrounding rock material affect the development and deformation of the surrounding rocks during the construction of the underground waterway tunnel, and the different excavation processes also affect the deformation and the flow of the surrounding rocks.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[85] viXra:1805.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 01:23:36

Variants of Magnetic Domain Walls

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[84] viXra:1805.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 02:07:30

Evaluation of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 on Bone Health Parameters in Human Bone Osteosarcoma Cells (MG-63)

Authors: Dezi Ann Koster, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

The study was aimed to evaluate the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health parameters. The test items, were divided into two parts. One part of each sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Dezi Ann Koster and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Different parameters were performed for the evaluation of bone health like ALP, collagen, and bone mineralization in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63). The cell viability (MTT) data showed the test samples were found as safe in the tested concentrations. The level of ALP was significantly increased by 431.44% and 436.87% in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Further, the ALP level was significantly elevated by 163.34%, 44.91%, and 57.67% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL compared to the untreated. Collagen was significantly increased by 56.58%, 84.95%, and 43.27% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the untreated. Further, the collagen level was significantly increased by 21.27%, 47.26%, and 63.1% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL compared to the untreated. Besides, the percent of bone mineralization was distinctly increased by 41.87% and 91.87% at 1 µg/mL in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively while, increased by 72.66% and 186.68% at 50 µg/mL in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively compared to the untreated. The percent of bone mineralization was distinctly increased by 101.21%, 57.76%, and 125.53% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item, respectively at 10 µg/mL compared to the untreated. Altogether, the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 was significantly improved the bone health parameters and it could be an excellent alternative nutraceutical supplement against various bone-related disorders including osteoporosis, low bone density, osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget’s disease, rickets, osteomalacia, deformed bones, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, stress management and prevention, and anti-aging by improving overall health.
Category: Biochemistry

[83] viXra:1805.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 02:11:16

A Perspective of Bone Health Study: Impact of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3

Authors: Cathryn Dawn Nykvist, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Bone disorder like osteoporosis is an important risk factor for fragility fractures. The main objective of this study was to find the potential of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health. The test items (viz. vitamin D3 and DMEM), were divided into two parts. One part of each sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Cathryn Dawn Nykvist and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), collagen, and bone mineralization activities were performed to assess bone health in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63). The test samples were found as safe in the tested concentrations by MTT assay. ALP was significantly increased by 88.68% and 166.1% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item and BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, respectively at 10µg/mL than the UT-DMEM + UT-Test item group. Moreover, the ALP level was significantly elevated by 51.99% and 58.32% in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item, respectively at 100µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Collagen was significantly increased by 135.60%, 149.72%, and 95.90% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 100µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Further, the collagen level was significantly increased by 83.43% in the BT-DMEM + BT-Test item group at 10µg/mL, while 43.00% and 82.81% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 50µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Besides, the percent of bone mineralization was distinctly increased by 103.28%, 120.78%, and 84.26% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item, BT-DMEM + UT-Test item, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test item groups, respectively at 1µg/mL compared to the untreated group. Further, percent of bone mineralization was distinctly increased by 104.41% and 81.71% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test item and BT-DMEM + UT-Test item group at 0.1µg/mL, respectively compared to the untreated group. Overall, the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 was significantly improved the bone health parameters and it could be a powerful alternative nutraceutical supplement to combat vitamin D3 deficiency and fight against various bone related problems including rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget’s disease, bone and joint pain, low bone density, bone fractures, osteoma, chondrodystrophia fetalis, stress management and prevention, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, and anti-aging by improving overall health.
Category: Biochemistry

[82] viXra:1805.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 02:13:46

Improved Metabolism of Vitamin D3 in Human Osteoblasts Cells After Biofield Energy Healing Treatment

Authors: Vaibhav Rajan Parulkar, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Bone formation, remodeling, mineralization, resorption, and healing processes involves a coordinated action of different cell types, which are very prevalent in the elderly population. The current study aimed to evaluate the potential of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health. Vitamin D3 and DMEM medium as test items (TI), were divided into two parts. One part of each sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Vaibhav Rajan Parulkar and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Bone health biomarkers such as alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) activity, collagen levels and bone mineralization were studied. The cell viability using MTT assay showed that the test items were found to be safe. ALP level was significantly increased by 304.6%, 237.2%, and 110.6% at 1, 10, and 50 µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+UT-TI, while 356.9%, 186.2%, and 87.3% at 1, 10, and 50 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM+BT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. Collagen content was significantly increased up to 163.7%, 114.4%, and 22.7% at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 190.1%, 64.9%, and 50% increased collagen at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM+BT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. Moreover, the percent of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 330% and 121.5% at 0.1 and 1 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 146.7% and 305.9% at 0.1 and 1 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM+UT-TI group, as compared with the untreated group. In conclusion, the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 and DMEM would play an important role to control the osteoblast function, improves bone mineralization, and calcium absorption in many bone disorders. Moreover, the bone health parameters such as collagen, calcium, and ALP were significantly improved and can be used as supplement to improve bone health. Based on the outstanding results, it is assumed that the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 could be a powerful alternative dietary sources and supplements to fight against various bone related diseases including low bone density and osteoporosis, Paget’s disease of bone, rickets, deformed bones, osteomalacia, bone and/or joint pain, increased frequency of fractures, osteoma, hormonal imbalance, stress, aging, bone loss and fractures.
Category: Biochemistry

[81] viXra:1805.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 03:43:12

Topological Skyrme Model and the Nucleus

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 16 Pages.

We study the two-flavour topological Skyrme model with lagrangian L = L2 + L4 , and point out that, in spite of all the successes attibuted to it, as to the electric charges, it predicts Q(proton) = 1/2 and Q(neutron) = − 1/2 . This is in direct conflict with the experimental values of proton and neutron charges. This should be considered a failure of the Skyrme model. The Wess-Zumino anomaly term however, comes to its rescue and provides additional contribution which lead to the the correct charges for baryons as per the standard Gell-Mann- Nishijima expression. But as per conventional understanding, that the Skyrme model gives a conserved atomic mass number A=Z+N, is not fulfilled in the above picture. We suggest a new consistent scenario wherein on quantization, a dual description beyond the above model arises, and which provides a framework which is fully compatible with nuclear physics. This picture finds justfication with respect to the surprising 1949 succcessful calculation by Steinberger for the decay π0 → γγ.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[80] viXra:1805.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 04:07:16

Atomically Thin Magnetic Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A University of Washington-led team has now taken this one step further by encoding information using magnets that are just a few layers of atoms in thickness. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28] Employees of Kazan Federal University and Kazan Quantum Center of Kazan National Research Technical University demonstrated an original layout of a prototype of multiresonator broadband quantum-memory interface. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21]
Category: Condensed Matter

[79] viXra:1805.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 06:20:10

Subtract a Single Quantum of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

In a collaboration between Aarhus University and the University of Southern Denmark, researchers have discovered a way to subtract a single quantum of light from a laser beam. [29] Researchers at the University of Washington, working with researchers from the ETH-Zurich, Purdue University and Virginia Commonwealth University, have achieved an optical communications breakthrough that could revolutionize information technology. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins—just a hair above absolute zero—and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[78] viXra:1805.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 06:54:18

High Entropy Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

The new material retains superconducting properties over a wider range of lattice parameters than materials without high-entropy alloy states. [34] Manipulating the flow of energy through superconductors could radically transform technology, perhaps leading to applications such as ultra-fast, highly efficient quantum computers. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[77] viXra:1805.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 07:46:38

Magnet-Free Optical Circulator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23] A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[76] viXra:1805.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 08:20:42

Zero-Energy Modes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Physicists and material scientists have succeeded in constructing a motor and an energy storage device from one single component. [23] Heat pipes are devices to keep critical equipment from overheating. They transfer heat from one point to another through an evaporation-condensation process and are used in everything from cell phones and laptops to air conditioners and spacecraft. [22] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed an algorithm that can discover and optimize these materials in a matter of months, relying on solving quantum mechanical equations, without any experimental input. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon—the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy—in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14] For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[75] viXra:1805.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 08:35:04

Group Sparse Recovery in Impulsive Noise Via Adm

Authors: Jianwen Huang, Feng Zhang, Jianjun Wang, Wendong Wang
Comments: 25 Pages.

In this paper, we consider the recovery of group sparse signals corrupted by impulsive noise. In some recent literature, researchers have utilized stable data fitting models, like $l_1$-norm, Huber penalty function and Lorentzian-norm, to substitute the $l_2$-norm data fidelity model to obtain more robust performance. In this paper, a stable model is developed, which exploits the generalized $l_p$-norm as the measure for the error for sparse reconstruction. In order to address this model, we propose an efficient alternative direction method, which includes the proximity operator of $l_p$-norm functions to the framework of Lagrangian methods. Besides, to guarantee the convergence of the algorithm in the case of $0\leq p<1$ (nonconvex case), we took advantage of a smoothing strategy. For both $0\leq p<1$ (nonconvex case) and $1\leq p\leq2$ (convex case), we have derived the conditions of the convergence for the proposed algorithm. Moreover, under the block restricted isometry property with constant $\delta_{\tau k_0}<\tau/(4-\tau)$ for $0<\tau<4/3$ and $\delta_{\tau k_0}<\sqrt{(\tau-1)/\tau}$ for $\tau\geq4/3$, a sharp sufficient condition for group sparse recovery in the presence of impulsive noise and its associated error upper bound estimation are established. Numerical results based on the synthetic block sparse signals and the real-world FECG signals demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of new algorithm in highly impulsive noise.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[74] viXra:1805.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 10:03:13

Special Theory of Relativity: Logical Inconsistencies

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 12 Pages. Presented on the 17th of April 2018 at the Ohio Meeting of the American Physical Society, Columbus, Ohio. http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/APR18/Session/Y13.6

When Einstein formulated his Special Theory of Relativity he tacitly assumed that it is possible to construct systems of clock-synchronised stationary observers consistent with the Lorentz Transformation. Such systems of observers are essential to the Special Theory. By mathematically constructing an infinite system of stationary observers and forcing it to comply with the Lorentz Transformation, it follows that the observers cannot be clocksynchronised. Conversely, by mathematically constructing an infinite system of clocksynchronised observers and forcing it to comply with the Lorentz Transformation, it follows that the observers cannot be stationary. Only one element of each of the said sets of observers has the deceptive appearance of satisfying Einstein's assumption. It is this element which Einstein incorrectly allowed to speak for all observers by virtue of his assumption; but clearly not all observers are equivalent. Furthermore, a system consisting of a single observer cannot be clock-synchronised or stationary with respect to anything. Einstein defined time by means of clocks. In so doing he detached time from physical reality because time is perceived and understood by the motion of celestial bodies, which is independent of the hands of a clock.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[73] viXra:1805.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 11:26:38

Magic Numbers of Nuclei

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

The identification of the magic number of six provides an avenue to investigate the origin of spin–orbit splittings in atomic nuclei. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by " twisted light " can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16] Light from an optical fiber illuminates the metasurface, is scattered in four different directions, and the intensities are measured by the four detectors. From this measurement the state of polarization of light is detected. [15]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[72] viXra:1805.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 13:00:59

Quantum Engineering Revolution

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Already, the researchers have several experiments planned for the magnetic quantum Newton's cradle and they anticipate many more opportunities for building upon this work as the quantum revolution evolves. [29] Researchers at the University of Washington, working with researchers from the ETH-Zurich, Purdue University and Virginia Commonwealth University, have achieved an optical communications breakthrough that could revolutionize information technology. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins—just a hair above absolute zero—and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[71] viXra:1805.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 13:46:12

Time Crystal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon—the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy—in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15]
Category: Condensed Matter

[70] viXra:1805.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 14:27:42

Solar Group Geometrical Structure

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 70 Pages.

-The rate 1.0725 is found frequently between many solar planets orbital and internal distances (a constant rate) -I suggest this rate is found because of Lorentz Contraction Phenomenon i.e. -There's a difference in velocities = "light velocity" between 2 motions in the solar group (even if we can't measure or notice this velocities difference) i.e. There's More Than One Frame In The Solar Group This paper suggests a clear argument as following: 1.The solar group is created by light beams, but we see these light beams in different forms (as matters and distances) 2.We see the light as matter (Specifically, bright fringes produced by light coherence we see as matters, where dark fringes we see as distances) 3.We see bright fringes as matters because our mind works by light velocity (Mind Thinking Process), so the whole matter around us is found because of the human mind effect. 4.to enable us to see the sun rays, Earth has to move with light velocity relative to the sun, to create a difference in velocities = c velocity 5.So, the sun creation depends on the difference in Earth and Sun motions = c velocity. 6.That's why Lorentz contraction phenomenon is seen in the solar orbital and internal distances, specifically with the constant rate = 1.0725, (which equals 7.25%), where the sun obliquity to ecliptic (7.25 degrees). 7.means, the sun creation process contains Lorentz Phenomenon Effect on the solar orbital and internal distances (and on many other values) 8.The Distance can be defined as "A Form Of Energy", which is proved by the moon orbit regression yearly 19 degrees (Metonic Cycle) (otherwise how distance can move?) (that supports the claim that, distances are dark fringes produced by light coherence) This Paper Consists Of 2 Parts 1st Part : Theory Of Matter Creation 2nd Part : Application on the theory (the solar group creation from the light) Starting From The Solar Group First Energy Explaining The Energy Coherence (light coherence) Discovering The Matter Creation Providing The Solar Group Motions Harmony Reasons
Category: Astrophysics

[69] viXra:1805.0080 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-03 13:48:04

Bitcoin With Heterogeneous Block Sizes: A Scaling Proposal

Authors: Santi J. Vives
Comments: 10 Pages. Corrections.

We propose a bitcoin generalization as a solution to the problem of scalability. The block is redefined as a sequence of sub-blocks of increasing sizes that coexist as different levels of compromise between decentralization and transactions throughput. Miners and users can decide individually the size they use without affecting others.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[68] viXra:1805.0079 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-07 05:34:04

Introduction and Some Results on the Graph Theory for Interval Valued Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Said Broumi, Mohamed Talea, Assia Bakali, Florentin Smarandach, Quek ShioGai, Ganeshsree Selvachandran
Comments: 24 Pages.

In this paper, motivated by the notion of generalized single-valued neutrosophicgraphs of the first type, we define a new type of neutrosophic graph called the generalized interval- valued neutrosophic graph of first type (GIVNG1) and presented a matrix representation for this graph. Some of the fundamental properties and characteristics of this new concept is also studied. The concept of GIVNG1 is an extension of generalized fuzzy graphs (GFG1) and generalized single-valued neutrosophic graphs of the first type (GSVNG1).
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[67] viXra:1805.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 17:53:23

Sunqm-3s1: Using 1st Order Spin-Perturbation to Solve Schrodinger Equation for NLL Effect and Pre-Sun Ball's Disk-Lyzation

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 26 Pages.

Schrodinger equation has been established and solved for the non-spin Solar QM {N,n} structure model in paper SunQM-3. In current paper, the 1st order spin-perturbation problem has been solved for the spinning Sun's {N,n} QM structure. The result shows that the spin-perturbation causes nLL orbit to have the lowest orbit energy (or highest probability density), and it is named as "nLL effect". This study suggests that the nLL effect is the driving force for the Sun's (and all other celestial bodies') flattening, disk-lyzation, ring formation. It is mass occupancy that determines whether the outer shell of a pre-Sun ball goes to flattening or disk-lyzation. The nL0 effect (which is the companion effect of nLL effect) is the driving force for the bipolar outflow and astronomic jet. Additionally, a central G-force caused spherical spin frame theory is established, and our Sun's reference-spin-frame model is expected to be ω(n-spin) = ω(1-spin) / n^x, with x≈3.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[66] viXra:1805.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 18:01:59

Refutation of Neutrosophy as Generalized from Hegel's Dialectic © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

The argument as rendered is not tautologous and a contradiction. This refutes the definition of neutrosophy and consequently invalidates it as a generalization of Hegel's dialectic. Remark: Hegel's dialectical philosophy lacks a quantified and modalized symbolic logic; to map it into a modal logic model checker is hence potentially problematic.
Category: General Mathematics

[65] viXra:1805.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 20:27:06

Formula to Find Prime Numbers and Composite Numbers with Termination 3

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 9 Pages.

The prime numbers greater than 5 have 4 terminations in their unit to infinity (1,3,7,9) and the composite numbers divisible by numbers greater than 3 have 5 terminations in their unit to infinity, these are (1,3,5,7,9). This paper develops an expression to calculate the prime numbers and composite numbers with ending 3.
Category: Number Theory

[64] viXra:1805.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 22:35:09

Refutation of Quinary Logic in Neutrosophy © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

From the equations as rendered, the notion of ambiguity A (0.5,0.5) is not tautologous but rather truthity. Remark: The abstract of the captioned paper introduces the modal words of possibility and necessity which unfortunately are not mentioned in the text. We conclude that there is no provision in the neutrosophic cube to introduce modal operators. Because neutrosophy has no bivalent square of opposition, but rather a non-bivalent lozenge with a multiple-defined midpoint, the quantified operators are prohibited from definition and hence are disparate from neutrosophy. This means neutrosophic logic is unable to map and support modal or alethic logic.
Category: General Mathematics

[63] viXra:1805.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 22:43:26

Refutation of the Neutrosophic Lattices for Negated Adjectival Phrases © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

While the equations as rendered are equivalent, they are not tautologous as definitions to commence the paper. Consequently we stop there, evaluate no further, and conclude the premise is refuted of neutrosophic lattices for negated adjectival phrases.
Category: General Mathematics

[62] viXra:1805.0073 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-11 01:09:25

Matter, Antimatter, Dark Matter and Space-Time Travel in an Infinite and Eternal Universe with Extra Dimensions

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 23 Pages. Cite: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.6214049.v3

When his paper regarding mathematical formulas creating reality was submitted to a scientific journal and rejected as being too speculative, U.S. cosmologist Max Tegmark showed the rejection letter to his friend John Wheeler (1911-2008), a Princeton theoretical physicist. Wheeler said, “Extremely speculative? Bah!” Then he reminded Tegmark that some of the original papers on quantum mechanics were also considered extremely speculative. After Wheeler sent the journal his objection to their objection, Tegmark's paper was published. This paper of mine can also be seen as a "too speculative" extension of Werner Heisenberg's matrix version of quantum mechanics. In particular, the part equating the Mobius strip to a,b,c,d,e and being a relation of matrix mathematics – and the part which says Brouwer's Fixed Point Theorem shows the universe must be infinite and eternal (the universe may seem unrelated to the quantum world, but the former is composed of the latter and this article's cosmology is a direct outgrowth of matrix mechanics). What is the Dark Matter that holds together galaxies and galaxy clusters? Nobody knows. Some say it's gravitational, and requires modification of Einstein's General Relativity. Some say it's a form of matter, consisting of dark particles. Those ideas are combined here with 20th-century physicist Richard Feynman's interpretation of advanced and retarded waves. (Feynman found that adding the contributions of advanced and retarded waves creates a consistent quantum theory called QED - Quantum Electrodynamics - in which the terms that might violate causality cancel precisely.) I believe LIGO (the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory) will build on Richard Feynman's QED and his love of "advanced" waves that travel backwards in time. There should be several applications of this extension of QED: (1) Radioactive dating of dinosaur fossils, ancient rocks, and Earth itself should all result in readings that are many times less - at least a thousand (for dinosaurs), to nearly a million (for Earth). (2) Health might be dramatically improved and lifespan dramatically increased. (3) United with electronic binary digits, cosmic topology and mathematical Wick rotation; extra large-scale dimensions could be discovered - and these dimensions joined with matter and mass, space and time into one physical space-time unification. (4) Matter, antimatter and dark matter should become viewed as different aspects of one thing when combined with advanced waves, Wick rotation and the mathematical Matrix. (5) Maths like Brouwer's Fixed Point Theorem and so called "imaginary" time agree that space-time can be seen as one literally infinite and eternal "block" universe containing all the past as well as the entire future (the Cosmic Microwave Background and redshift objections are addressed). (6) The new maths in this article tells us that our present maths is incomplete within a unified universe, is therefore relied upon too much, and is incapable of producing a successful theory of Quantum Gravity (unification of quantum mechanics and Einstein's theory of gravity, general relativity). Paradoxically, "new maths" also says ∞= 0 (the infinity of the universe's size equals the zero-ness of space-time/gravity) and points to a new physics. Science seems to avoid infinity at all costs – equating it with zero will give scientists many more headaches. Maybe they could accept infinity if ∞= 0 was viewed as the ultimate form of renormalization – a renormalization that, thanks to E=mc2, doesn't reduce the infinite size of the universe but reduces the distances in space and between times to zero.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[61] viXra:1805.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-14 12:27:00

Photons: Explained and Derived by Energy Wave Equations

Authors: Jeff Yee
Comments: 22 pages

The photon is demystified in energy wave theory as a transverse wave packet of energy, resulting from the vibration of particles that are responding to waves that naturally travel the universe. In earlier works in the theory, the photon was accurately modeled mathematically with the same wave properties that govern the creation of particles and their forces. In this paper, the photon’s behavior is further explained to match various photon experiments, describing the mechanism for the creation and absorption of transverse waves.
Category: Quantum Physics

[60] viXra:1805.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 01:28:34

Developments of the Extended Relativity Theory in Clifford Spaces

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 85 Pages.

A brief tour of the developments of the Extended Relativity Theory in Clifford Spaces ($C$-space) is presented. These include : (i) Novel physical consequences like generalized dispersion relations, energy-dependent speed of light propagation, extended Lorentz transformations, relative locality, generalized Weyl-Heisenberg algebra and uncertainty relations, tensionless branes, superluminality, generalized velocities. (ii) Generalized areal, volume, $\cdots$ metrics and gravitational field equations in $C$-space. (iii) A unified description of particles, strings and branes. (iv) Clifford gravity based cosmology and dark energy. (v) Moyal deformations of Clifford gauge theories of gravity. (vi) N-ary algebras. We conclude with a brief discussion on symplectic Clifford algebras and generalized geometries.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[59] viXra:1805.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 01:26:54

Quantum Spin Ice

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Their goal is to create an observable case of quantum spin ice, a bizarre magnetic state found in a special class of materials that could lead to advances in quantum computing technologies. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene—an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike—move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[58] viXra:1805.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 04:23:28

Space-Time as an Emergent Phenomena a Possible Way to Explain Entanglement and the Tunnel Effect

Authors: P. Castro, M. Gatta, J.R. Croca, R. Moreira
Comments: 11 Pages.

Entanglement and the tunnel effect phenomena have been repeatedly observed and are generically accepted under orthodox quantum mechanics formalism. However, they remain rather inexplicable, in the context of space-time usual conceptualization. In the present work, we suggest an alternative quantum mechanics formalism, refining the pilot-wave theory initially proposed by de Broglie. We suggest that space-time is an emergent phenomenon from a prior subquantum medium and that entanglement and the tunnel effect can be explained in terms of a nonlinear relation valid for subquantum waves.
Category: Quantum Physics

[57] viXra:1805.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 05:51:42

Artificial Muscles and Reconfigurable Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Researchers at Duke University and North Carolina State University have demonstrated the first custom semiconductor microparticles that can be steered into various configurations repeatedly while suspended in water. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins—just a hair above absolute zero—and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by " twisted light " can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[56] viXra:1805.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 06:34:55

Refutation of Hegel's Dialectical Method © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

Three equations as rendered are tautologous and six are not tautologous, with three of those as contradictions. The definition of Being-for-itself in so called State 3 is a contradiction. Subsequently the main results for Stages 4, 5, and 6 are not tautologous. We conclude that this refutes Hegel's dialectical method, and in only one variable.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[55] viXra:1805.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:04:13

Exploring the Effects of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 on Bone Health Parameters in MG-63 Cell Line

Authors: Rolando Baptista Piedad, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

The aim of the present experiment is to define the potential of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on various bone health parameters such as alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) activity, collagen level, and bone mineralization. Both the test items (TI) i.e. vitamin D3 and DMEM medium were divided into two parts. The test samples were received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Rolando Baptista Piedad and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Cell viability of test samples using MTT assay showed that cell viability was more than 87% with safe and nontoxic profile on MG-63 cell line. ALP level was significantly increased by 196.1% (at 10 µg/mL) and 131.6% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI and BT-DMEM+UT-TI groups, respectively. In addition, ALP level was significantly increased by 342.1%, 205.2%, and 289.5% at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM+BT-TI groups as compared with the untreated test item and DMEM group. The percentage of collagen level was significantly increased by 109.5%, 67.0%, and 100.9% at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL, respectively in UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 228.4%, 157.8%, and 154.1% at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+UT-TI as compared with the untreated group. The percent of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 40.8% at 0.1 µg/mL in UT-DMEM+ BT-TI group, while 59.2% at 0.1 µg/mL in BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. In addition, BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed a significant increased bone mineralization by 128% and 174.1% at 50 and 100 µg/mL, respectively as compared with the untreated group. Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 and DMEM would enhance the promotion and maintenance of strong and healthy bones. Biofield Energy Treatment might also regulates the osteoblast function, improves bone mineralization, and calcium absorption in wide range of bone disorders along with wide range of autoimmune diseases, adverse bone health conditions, comprising cancer, and bone disorders such as Rickets, Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Osteomalacia, Perthes' Disease, Fibrous Dysplasia, Osteomyelitis, Paget's Disease, and Osteoporosis.
Category: Biochemistry

[54] viXra:1805.0063 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-12 09:11:57

One Approach to Understanding the Big Picture [reality]

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 9 Pages.

Abstract: I have constructed an illustrative work written more especially for people who may care to look at wider reality and our associated lives. This is in a different manner from which you have probably heard before. This is a philosophical document that may also be useful for student perusal. I think that it is important that young students are encouraged to not be afraid to think about more than just mainstream relativity science. There is room in physics for informational science along the lines that I have written on your behalf today. It is called sub-quantum physics. I say that Big Picture Reality may have informationally emerged from an imaginary jigsaw like matrix of information before the Big Bang. I say that information before the Big Bang is virtual and information after the Big bang is real. I talk about how virtual and real information may come together to help us to understand how our universe might work as well as how it may impact upon our daily lives. This includes how we might make the types of decisions that we do and subsequently behave. conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[53] viXra:1805.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:05:43

Evaluation of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 in Human Osteoblasts Cells

Authors: Vicki Lynn Kindy, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Bone formation, remodeling and healing processes involves a coordinated action of different cell types. Vitamin D and calcium significantly improves the patients' quality of life with respect to various bone disorders and comorbidities most prevalent in the elderly. The current study aimed to evaluate the potential of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health. Vitamin D3 and DMEM medium as test items (TI), were divided into two parts. One part of each sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Vicki Lynn Kindy and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Bone health biomarkers such as alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) activity, collagen levels and bone mineralization were evaluated. Cell viability using 3-(4, 5-diamethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium) (MTT) data showed that the test items were found to be safe. ALP level was significantly increased by 621.2%, 638.9%, and 102.2% at 1, 10, and 50 µg/mL, respectively in UT-DMEM+BT-TI, as compared to the untreated group. Collagen content was significantly increased up to 284.6%, 134%, and 183.4% at 1, 10, and 50 µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 109.6% and 159.6% increased collagen in BT-DMEM+UT-TI and BT-DMEM+BT-TI groups, respectively at 1 µg/mL as compared with the untreated group. Moreover, the percent of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 120% and 229.4% at 50 and 100 µg/mL, respectively in UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 254.7% and 78.1% in BT-DMEM+UT-TI and BT-DMEM+BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL as compared with the untreated group. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 and DMEM would play an important role to control the osteoblast function, improves bone mineralization, and calcium absorption in many bone disorders. Moreover, the bone health parameters such as collagen, calcium and ALP were significantly improved and can be used as supplement to improve bone health. Based on the outstanding results, it is assumed that the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 could be a powerful alternative dietary sources and supplements to fight against various bone related diseases including low bone density and osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget’s disease of bone, rickets, osteomalacia, bone and/or joint pain, increased frequency of fractures, deformed bones, osteoma, chondrodystrophia fetalis, hormonal imbalance, stress, aging, bone loss and fractures.
Category: Biochemistry

[52] viXra:1805.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:08:02

Influence of the Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 on Human Osteoblast-Like Cells

Authors: Shirley Theresa Holmlund, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

The quality of life after rapid bone loss among individuals is one of the key health issues today, which might be due to hormonal factors and lack of proper nutrition that lead to an increased risk of fractures. The experimental data suggested a significant potential of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on various bone health parameters. Vitamin D3 and DMEM medium as test items (TI), which were divided into two parts. Each sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Shirley Theresa Holmlund and those samples were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Bone health biomarkers such as alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) activity, collagen levels and bone mineralization were measured. The cell viability (˃92%) using MTT assay showed that the test items were found to be safe. ALP level was significantly increased by 137.8%, 126.2%, and 102.5% in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI, BT-DMEM+UT-TI, and BT-DMEM+BT-TI groups, respectively at 100µg/mL. Collagen content was significantly increased by 141.5% and 307.3% in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI and BT-DMEM+BT-TI group, respectively at 1µg/mL as compared with the untreated group. Moreover, the percent of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 293.7% and 76.3% at 0.1 and 1µg/mL, respectively in UT-DMEM+BT-TI, while 122.9% (at 1µg/mL) and 165.1% (at 0.1µg/mL) in BT-DMEM+UT-TI and BT-DMEM+BT-TI groups, respectively as compared with the untreated group. In conclusion, the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 and DMEM would play an important role in the promotion and maintenance of strong and healthy bones, which improve quality of life. Biofield Energy Treatment might also control the osteoblast function, improves bone mineralization, and calcium absorption in many bone disorders (such as osteoporosis, Paget’s disease of bone, rickets, deformed bones, osteomalacia, bone and/or joint pain, increased frequency of fractures, osteoma, hormonal imbalance, stress, aging, bone loss and fractures), along with wide range of adverse health conditions, comprising cancer and certain autoimmune diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[51] viXra:1805.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:11:21

Analysis and Calculation for High Frequency Amplifier Circuits

Authors: Haofeng Zhang
Comments: 271 Pages.

This is in Chinese that is about the high frequency character of amplifier circuits.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[50] viXra:1805.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:41:11

In Defence of Classical Physics

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract Classical physics seeks to find the laws of nature. I am of the opinion that classical Newtonian physics is “real” physics. This is in the sense that it relates to mechanical physics. I suggest that if physics is ever to succeed in determining a theory of everything it needs to introduce a more satisfactory invariant medium in order to do this. This is describing the laws of nature and retain the elementary foundational conditions of universal symmetry. conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: Classical Physics

[49] viXra:1805.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 08:36:29

Reality from its Basics

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 2 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Building a physics theory from the basics of physical reality is not a costly enterprise and can be realized with some determination. Finding the basic structure is essential. Quite peculiar enough, the discovery of that structure occurred long ago. Current physics does not yet exploit this knowledge.
Category: Quantum Physics

[48] viXra:1805.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 10:30:34

Secrets of Dense Nuclear Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

New insights into the properties of neutron stars have come from two independent analyses of gravitational waves from the GW170817 neutron-star merger. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[47] viXra:1805.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 03:33:58

Laser the Future of Wi-Fi

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Wi-Fi and cellular data traffic are increasing exponentially but, unless the capacity of wireless links can be increased, all that traffic is bound to lead to unacceptable bottlenecks. [12] While defects in a diamond are mostly undesirable, certain defects are a quantum physicist's best friend, having the potential to store bits of information that could one day be used in a quantum computing system. [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[46] viXra:1805.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 04:06:07

Beyond Moore's Law

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Research appearing today in Nature Communications finds useful new information-handling potential in samples of tin(II) sulfide (SnS), a candidate "valleytronics" transistor material that might one day enable chipmakers to pack more computing power onto microchips. [13] Wi-Fi and cellular data traffic are increasing exponentially but, unless the capacity of wireless links can be increased, all that traffic is bound to lead to unacceptable bottlenecks. [12] While defects in a diamond are mostly undesirable, certain defects are a quantum physicist's best friend, having the potential to store bits of information that could one day be used in a quantum computing system. [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[45] viXra:1805.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 04:43:59

Magnetic Waves of Neuromorphic Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A team of physicists has uncovered properties of a category of magnetic waves relevant to the development of neuromorphic computing—an artificial intelligence system that seeks to mimic human-brain function. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[44] viXra:1805.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 05:24:02

Split Atom Clouds get Entangled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Scientists forged quantum connections between separate regions within clouds of ultracold atoms, demonstrating entanglement between thousands of particles in two different locations. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[43] viXra:1805.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 07:00:40

A Chimerical Enterprise

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

Overreaching itself in planning and decision-making.
Category: Social Science

[42] viXra:1805.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 09:21:31

A New Vision of Our Universe.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 7 Pages. A new vision in modern physics.

A new vision beyond standard model to understand our universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[41] viXra:1805.0048 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-03 01:34:21

Introducing Light Force

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 10 Pages.

Why Earth momentum keeps same angle to the orbit, but moment of momentum changes its angle to the orbit (and to the momentum)? Both momentums behave like vectors (if no reflections) in an inertial coordinate system.
Category: Classical Physics

[40] viXra:1805.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 11:27:05

A Stars-Gas Dual Fit Result in the `constant Lagrangian' Model for Galactic Dynamics When Applied to the Sparc Database

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 41 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to a subset of the SPARC database. I will fit $25$ galaxies from this database using the dual fit approach. This means that one fit is made for the stars dominated region of one galaxy. Another fit is added for the gas dominated region of the same galaxy. Both are presented in one single graph. The switch from stars dominated to gas dominated is sometimes visible as a ``wiggle'' in the total rotation velocity, as for exampe in the rotation curve of NGC 1560. I will demonstrate that this more or less visible``wiggle'' is part of the rotation velocity curve of almost every galaxy in the sample. The dual fit approach results in a rotation curve fit that mostly remains within the observational error margins.
Category: Astrophysics

[39] viXra:1805.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 12:14:52

Generation of Endfire Radiations out of an Spoof-surface Plasmon Polariton E-plane Transmission Line

Authors: Louis WY LIU
Comments: 12 Pages. 2018 IEEE INDIAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION (InCAP)

This presentation is related to an E-plane endfire antenna capable of generating an endfire electromagnetic radiation out of a spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) with substantially enhanced gain. The core of the said antenna is a printed circuit vertically mounted in the center E-plane of a rectangular waveguide. The printed circuit is continuous metal pattern comprising three sections: a tapered section serving as a waveguide-to-SSPP transition, a corrugated transmission media for propagation of an SSPP and another tapered section for impedance matching between the corrugated transmission line and free space. The antenna accepts electromagnetic energy through the waveguide-to-SSPP transition in the input end of a waveguide, propagates the electromagnetic energy in the form of surface waves along the corrugated edge of the E-plane transmission line over 1-quarter or 3-quarter wavelengths and generates an endfire radiation through the SSPP-to-free-space transition in the other end of the same. The said antenna generates a near endfire radiation beam with a substantially enhanced gain, wherein the gain of the endfire radiation can be maximized by maintaining the slot depth to half of the waveguide height.
Category: Classical Physics

[38] viXra:1805.0045 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-01 21:14:49

Frequency Steerable Endfire Antenna based on an Spoof-surface Plasmon Polariton E-plane Transmission Line

Authors: Louis WY LIU
Comments: 11 Pages. 2018 IEEE INDIAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION (InCAP)

This paper presents an antenna that generates a frequency steerable endfire electromagnetic radiation out of a spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) transmission line mounted in the center E-plane of a rectangular waveguide. The SSPP transmission has both its upper edge and lower edge patterned with corrugated metal slot/gap arrays of the same period. However, the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the upper edge is different from the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the lower edge. This arrangement creates a difference in surface impedance between the upper corrugated edge and the low corrugated edge on the SSPP transmission line, thus allowing the angle of the endfire radiation to be shifted upwards and downwards. According to our simulation, the angle of endfire radiation can be shifted by at least 10 degree simply by varying the operating frequencies.
Category: Classical Physics

[37] viXra:1805.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 13:09:45

AI Spots Gravitational Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A deep-learning system that can sift gravitational wave signals from background noise has been created by physicists in the UK. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[36] viXra:1805.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 13:22:53

Refutation of Neutrosophic Lattices for Negated Adjectival Phrases © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

While the definitions of partial order are equivalent, they are not tautologous definitions to commence the paper. Consequently we stop there, evaluate no further, and conclude the premise is refuted of neutrosophic lattices for negated adjectival phrases.
Category: General Mathematics

[35] viXra:1805.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 13:32:15

New Primality test

Authors: Nazihkhelifa
Comments: 2 Pages. Version 1

A primality test is an algorithm for determining whether an input number is prime. Among other fields of mathematics, it is used for cryptography. Unlike integer factorization, primality tests do not generally give prime factors, only stating whether the input number is prime or not. On the next version we will prove the primality tests formula
Category: Number Theory

[34] viXra:1805.0041 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-19 22:16:41

Barut´s Lepton Mass Formula, Its Correction, and the Deduction of the Proton Mass.

Authors: Osvaldo F. Schilling
Comments: 6 Pages. More references are added.

In a PRL published in 1979 A.O.Barut proposed a lepton mass formula of the form m(n)= 3/(2 alpha)n^4 Me , where Me is the electron mass, alpha is the fine-structure constant and n is an integer, with increasing leptons masses obtained from the values for m(n) added in sequence of n to Me . Such model assumes the leptons excess mass m(n) comes from kinetic-magnetic energies and arises from a coupling between the electron magnetic moment and the resulting magnetic field. The formula is good for the muon, with n=1. However, we show that the n-dependence in this formula should be n^2 rather than n^4( the proposed fourth power is incorrect !). Such correction makes Barut´s model formula consistent with the energies obtained for the physically analogous superconducting loop case, treated theoretically by Byers and Yang, which scales as n^2. We apply the corrected formula and reobtain the mass for the tau-lepton, now corresponding to n=4 and not 2, and for n=3 a “proton” with m ≈ 945 Mev/c^2 mass.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[33] viXra:1805.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 17:20:29

Sunqm-3s3: Using QM Calculation to Explain the Atmosphere Band Pattern on Jupiter (And Earth, Saturn, Sun)'s Surface

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 16 Pages.

Using p{N,n} QM model with QM induced mass peaking/depleting effect, plus the spin frame of ω(n-spin) ≈ ω(1-spin) / n^3, plus the multiplier n', I successfully explained the origin of Jupiter surface cloud bands as the |544> zonal bands embedded in the background |400> belt bands. We can even calculate out how deep the convection starts below the atmosphere surface. The Earth's atmospheric circulation is also caused by the same QM peaking/depleting effect of |211> state on top (not embedded) of |100> state, which generates a major upwelling band at equator and two minor upwelling bands at ±60° latitude, and two down welling bands at ≈ ±35° latitude. The same QM theory is applicable to all other planets' atmosphere, even for the Sun's surface atmosphere.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[32] viXra:1805.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 18:49:08

Physical Interactions as Geometric Processes

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this work we discuss the possibility to identify physical interactions with geometric processes whose revolutions can be described by the Ricci flow. In particular, we show that it is possible to suggest that the charge of an elementary particle does not exist as a physical quantity possessed by the elementary particle itself but rather a collective dynamical effect that is associated with the intermediate particles, which are the force carriers. These force carrying particles have the geometric structures of two-dimensional spheres or n-tori. Furthermore, since the Ricci flow on two-dimensional manifolds does not give rise to neckpinches and if such geometric flows can be shown to not exist then it can be stated that the force carrying particles are the only particles that are truly fundamental.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31] viXra:1805.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 00:18:33

One Way of Using Ajax Components to Realize Asynchronous Communication in Web Service

Authors: IlNam Ri, SongIl Choe, Hun Kim
Comments: 10 Pages.

Ajax (Asynchronos Javascript And XML), one of the world's most widely used Web 2.0 technologies, is devoid of the traditional Web page approach.(1) This technology is becoming an indispensable element in Web apps as it supports asynchronous communication that allows the user to proceed with the conversation.(3,4) Today 's reality is getting closer to the virtual reality by the dissemination of intelligent devices, the new Internet of Things, cloud computing and the development of information society. In the field of business services, we also need to improve the size and service quality of our web apps, and Ajax technology is constantly expanding.(5) In the fields of stocks, finance, auctions, etc. that deal with large-scale, real-time data, it is important for business service providers to transmit information to users as soon as possible. This Paper describes one way of using Ajax components to realize asynchronous communication of Web service providers on the Internet. Ajax components consist of an Ajax core that supports Epoll and an Ajax library that supports asynchronous communication, and provides an application interface to define and implement various push functions.(2)Web service applications developed using Ajax components can provide various push services by using asynchronous communication with client by using Epoll method.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[30] viXra:1805.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 04:37:14

Metamaterial Electromagnetic Effects

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers at Duke University have built the first metal-free, dynamically tunable metamaterial for controlling electromagnetic waves. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23] A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research. [22] In experiments at SLAC, intense laser light (red) shining through a magnesium oxide crystal excited the outermost " valence " electrons of oxygen atoms deep inside it. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[29] viXra:1805.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 05:41:45

Superman's Laser Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Superman's ability to shoot laser beams from his eyes has come a step closer to reality, with discoveries made by a research team at the University of St Andrews. [13] Wi-Fi and cellular data traffic are increasing exponentially but, unless the capacity of wireless links can be increased, all that traffic is bound to lead to unacceptable bottlenecks. [12] While defects in a diamond are mostly undesirable, certain defects are a quantum physicist's best friend, having the potential to store bits of information that could one day be used in a quantum computing system. [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28] viXra:1805.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 07:45:05

Left Handed Nature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

The most surprising result from beta decay is that nature is not ambidextrous, but is "left-handed." [20] This week, a group of scientists working on the MiniBooNE experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab reported a breakthrough: They were able to identify exactly-known-energy muon neutrinos hitting the atoms at the heart of their particle detector. [19] In a study published in Physical Review Letters, collaborators of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an experiment led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, have shown they can shield a sensitive, scalable 44-kilogram germanium detector array from background radioactivity. [18] The study has put the most stringent limits on the probability of a rare event—a neutrinoless double beta decay of tellurium-130 nuclei. This event can only occur if a neutrino can be its own antiparticle. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27] viXra:1805.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 07:50:30

Fixed Point Method , Dottie Number

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this note we discuss the problem of finding approximate solutions of the equation: x=(1/2)*arcsin(2*x*sqrt(1-x^2)),0<=x<=1 , via Fixed Point Iteration Method.
Category: General Mathematics

[26] viXra:1805.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 07:54:40

Question 450 :Some Integrals Involving the Euler's Constant

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

This note presents some integrals involving the Euler-Mascheroni constant: gamma=lim(H(n)-ln(n))=0.577215...
Category: Number Theory

[25] viXra:1805.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 09:11:31

Ions Influence on Atomic Motions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

In batteries, fuel cells or technical coatings, central chemical processes take place on the surface of electrodes which are in contact with liquids. During these processes, atoms move over the surface, but how this exactly happens has hardly been researched. [34] A team of scientists from across the U.S. has found a new way to create molecular interconnections that can give a certain class of materials exciting new properties, including improving their ability to catalyze chemical reactions or harvest energy from light. [33] A team of scientists including Carnegie's Tim Strobel and Venkata Bhadram now report unexpected quantum behavior of hydrogen molecules, H2, trapped within tiny cages made of organic molecules, demonstrating that the structure of the cage influences the behavior of the molecule imprisoned inside it. [32] A potential revolution in device engineering could be underway, thanks to the discovery of functional electronic interfaces in quantum materials that can self-assemble spontaneously. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene—an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike—move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[24] viXra:1805.0030 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-30 16:22:45

On Surface Measures on Convex Bodies and Generalizations of Known Tangential Identities

Authors: Johan Aspegren
Comments: 7 Pages.

One theme of this paper is to extend known results from polygons and balls to the general convex bodies in n− dimensions. An another theme stems from approximating a convex surface with polytope surface. Our result gives a sufficient and necessary condition for an natural approximation method to succeed (in principle) in the case of surfaces of convex bodies. Thus, Schwartz`s paradox does not affect our method. This allows us to denefine certain surface measures on surfaces of convex bodies in a novel and simple way.
Category: Geometry

[23] viXra:1805.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 00:31:45

Quantum Machine Learning in High Energy Physics: the Future Prospects

Authors: Kapil K. Sharma
Comments: 06 Pages. Quantum machine learning, High Eenergy Physics, Quantum Information

This article reveals the future prospects of quantum machine learning in high energy physics (HEP). Particle identication, knowing their properties and characteristics is a challenging problem in experimental HEP. The key technique to solve these problems is pattern recognition, which is an important application of machine learning and unconditionally used for HEP problems. To execute pattern recognition task for track and vertex reconstruction, the particle physics community vastly use statistical machine learning methods. These methods vary from detector to detector geometry and magnetic led used in the experiment. Here in the present introductory article, we deliver the future possibilities for the lucid application of quantum machine learning in HEP, rather than focusing on deep mathematical structures of techniques arise in this domain.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[22] viXra:1805.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:14:46

A Lattice Theoretic Look: A Negated Approach to Adjectival (Intersective, Neutrosophic and Private) Phrases and More

Authors: Selçuk Topal, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper is an extended version of “A Lattice Theoretic Look: A Negated Approach to Adjectival (Intersective, Neutrosophic and Private) Phrases’’ in INISTA 2017. Firstly, some new negations of intersective adjectival phrases and their set-theoretic semantics such as non-red non-cars and red non-carsbare presented. Secondly, a lattice structure is built on positive and negative nouns and their positive and negative intersective adjectival phrases.
Category: General Mathematics

[21] viXra:1805.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:18:05

An Approach to Measuring the Website Quality Based on Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Dragisa Stanujkic, Florentin Smarandache, Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Darjan Karabasevic
Comments: 11 Pages.

Gathering the attitudes of the examined respondents would be very significant in some evaluation models. Therefore, an approach to the evaluation of websites based on the use of the neutrosophic set is proposed in this paper. An example of websites evaluation is considered at the end of this paper with the aim to present in detail the proposed approach.
Category: General Mathematics

[20] viXra:1805.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:20:06

A Novel Extension of Neutrosophic Sets and Its Application in BCK/BCI-Algebras

Authors: Seok-Zun Song, Madad Khan, Florentin Smarandache, Young Bae Jun
Comments: 11 Pages.

Generalized neutrosophic set is introduced, and applied it to BCK/BCI-algebras. The notions of generalized neutrosophic subalgebras and generalized neutrosophic ideals in BCK/BCI-algebras are introduced, and related properties are investigated. Characterizations of generalized neutrosophic subalgebra/ideal are considered.
Category: General Mathematics

[19] viXra:1805.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:22:38

Bipolar Complex Neutrosophic Graphs of Type 1

Authors: Said Broumi, Assia Bakali, Mohamed Talea, Florentin Smarandache, V. Venkateswara Rao
Comments: 19 Pages.

In this paper, we introduced a new neutrosophic graphs called bipolar complex neutrosophic graphs of type1(BCNG1) and presented a matrix representation for it and studied some properties of this new concept. The concept of BCNG1 is an extension of generalized fuzzy graphs of type 1 (GFG1), generalized single valued neutrosophic graphs of type 1 (GSVNG1), Generalized bipolar neutrosophic graphs of type 1(GBNG1) and complex neutrosophic graph of type 1(CNG1.
Category: General Mathematics

[18] viXra:1805.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:24:06

Bipolar Neutrosophic Soft Expert Set Theory

Authors: Mehmet Şahin, Vakkas Uluçay, Said Broumi
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce for the first time the concept of bipolar neutrosophic soft expert set and its some operations. Also, the concept of bipolar neutrosophic soft expert set and its basic operations, namely complement, union and intersection. We give examples for these concepts.
Category: General Mathematics

[17] viXra:1805.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:27:05

Generalized Neutrosophic Closed Sets

Authors: R. Dhavaseelan, S. Jafari
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper, the concept of generalized neutrosophic closed set is introduced. Further, generalized neutrosophic continuous mapping, generalized neutrosophic irresolute mapping, strongly neutrosophic continuous mapping, perfectly neutrosophic continuous mapping, strongly generalized neutrosophic continuous mapping and perfectly generalized neutrosophic contin- uous mapping are introduced. Several interesting properties and characterizations are also discussed.
Category: General Mathematics

[16] viXra:1805.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:29:32

Generalized Single Valued Triangular Neutrosophic Numbers and Aggregation Operators for Application to Multi-attribute Group Decision Making

Authors: Mehmet Şahin, Abdullah Kargın, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 34 Pages.

In this study we define the generalizing single valued triangular neutrosophic number. In addition, single valued neutrosophic numbers are transformed into single valued triangular neutrosophic numbers according to the values of truth, indeterminacy and falsity.
Category: General Mathematics

[15] viXra:1805.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:32:21

Interval-Valued Neutrosophic Bonferroni Mean Operators and the Application in the Selection of Renewable Energy

Authors: Pu Ji, Peng-fei Cheng, Hong-yu Zhang, Jian-qiang Wang
Comments: 28 Pages.

Renewable energy has been replacing traditional non-renewable energy owing to the limitation of the latter and environmental protection. Renewable energy is energy that can be circularly regenerated in nature. It mainly includes solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, tidal energy and ocean thermal energy, just name a few.
Category: General Mathematics

[14] viXra:1805.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:33:55

Interval Valued Neutrosophic Soft Graphs

Authors: Said Broumi, Assia Bakali, Mohamed Talea, Florentin Smarandache, Faruk Karaaslan
Comments: 34 Pages.

In this article, we combine the interval valued neutrosophic soft set and graph theory. We introduce the notions of interval valued neutrosophic soft graphs, strong interval valued neutrosophic graphs, complete interval valued neutrosophic graphs, and investigate some of their related properties. We study some operations on interval valued neutrosophic soft graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[13] viXra:1805.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:35:38

Multi-Attribute Group Decision Making Based on Expected Value of Neutrosophic Trapezoidal Numbers

Authors: Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri
Comments: 20 Pages.

We present an expected value based method for multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM), where the preference values of alternatives and the importance of attributes are expressed in terms of neutrosophic trapezoidal numbers (NTrNs).
Category: General Mathematics

[12] viXra:1805.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:38:43

Multi-criteria Group Decision Making based on Linguistic Refined Neutrosophic Strategy

Authors: Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri
Comments: 15 Pages.

Multi-criteria group decision making (MCGDM) strategy, which consists of a group of experts acting collectively for best selection among all possible alternatives with respect to some criteria, is focused on in this study. To develop the paper, we define linguistic neutrosophic refine set. We also define entropy to calculate unknown weights of the criteria and establish basic properties of entropy in linguistic neutrosophy refine set environment. In the developed strategy, the rating of all alternatives is expressed with linguistic variables.
Category: General Mathematics

[11] viXra:1805.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:40:27

Neutrosophic Contra-Continuous Multi-Functions

Authors: S. Jafari, N. Rajesh
Comments: 9 Pages.

This paper is devoted to the concepts of neutrosophic upper and neutrosophic lower contra- continuous multifunctions and also some of their characterizations are considered.
Category: General Mathematics

[10] viXra:1805.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:44:02

Neutrosophic Invertible Graphs of Neutrosophic Rings

Authors: T. Chalapathi, R. V. M. S. S. Kiran Kumar, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

The investigation of simple undirected graphs associated to finite algebraic structures, namely, rings and fields which are very important in the theory of algebraic graphs. In recent years the interplay between Neutrosophic algebraic structure and graph structure is studied by few researchers.
Category: General Mathematics

[9] viXra:1805.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:45:39

Neutrosophic Rare Alpha-Continuity

Authors: R.Dhavaseelan, S. Jafari, R. M. Latif, F. Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the concepts of neutrosophic rare alpha-continuous, neutrosophic rarely continuous, neutrosophic rarely pre-continuous, neutrosophic rarely semi-continuous are introduced and studied in light of the concept of rare set in neutrosophic setting.
Category: General Mathematics

[8] viXra:1805.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:47:18

Neutrosophic Resolvable and Neutrosophic Irresolvable Spaces

Authors: M. Caldas, R. Dhavaseelan, M. Ganster, S. Jafari
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, the concepts of neutrosophic resolvable, neutrosophic irresolvable, neutrosophic open hereditarily irresolvable spaces and maximally neutrosophic irresolvable spaces are introduced. Also we studyseveral properties of the neutrosophic open hereditarily irresolvable spaces besides giving characterization of these spaces by means of somewhat neutrosophic continuous functions and somewhat neutrosophic open functions.
Category: General Mathematics

[7] viXra:1805.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:48:42

Neutrosophic Semi-Continuous Multifunctions

Authors: R. Dhavaseelan, S. Jafari, N. Rajesh, F. Smarandache
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper we introduce the concepts of neutrosophic upper and neutrosophic lower semi-continuous multifunctions and study some of their basic properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[6] viXra:1805.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 01:52:38

Neutrosophic Sets: An Overview

Authors: Said Broumi, Assia Bakali, Mohamed Talea, Florentin Smarandache, Vakkas Uluçay, Mehmet Sahin, Arindam Dey, Mamouni Dhar, Rui-Pu Tan, Ayoub Bahnasse, Surapati Pramanik
Comments: 32 Pages.

In this study, we give some concepts concerning the neutrosophic sets, single valued neutrosophic sets, interval-valued neutrosophic sets, bipolar neutrosophic sets, neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy sets, inter-valued neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy sets, refined neutrosophic sets, bipolar neutrosophic refined sets, multi-valued neutrosophic sets, simplified neutrosophic linguistic sets, neutrosophic over/off/under sets, rough neutrosophic sets, rough bipolar neutrosophic sets, rough neutrosophic hyper-complex set, and their basic operations. Then we introduce triangular neutrosophic numbers, trapezoidal neutrosophic fuzzy number and their basic operations. Also some comparative studies between the existing neutrosophic sets and neutrosophic number are provided.
Category: General Mathematics

[5] viXra:1805.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 02:03:50

On Neutrosophic α-Supra Open Sets and Neutrosophic α-Supra Continuous Functions

Authors: R. Dhavaseelan, M. Ganster, S. Jafari, M. Parimala
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce and investigate a new class of sets and functions between supra topological spaces called neutrosophic alpha-supra open set and neutrosophic alpha-supra continuous function.
Category: General Mathematics

[4] viXra:1805.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 02:05:12

On Neutrosophic Supra P re-Continuous Functions in Neutrosophic Topological Spaces

Authors: M. Parimala, M. Karthika, R. Dhavaseelan, S. Jafari
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce and investigate a new class of sets and functions between topological space called neutrosophic supra pre- continious functions. Furthermore, the concepts of neutro- sophic supra pre-open maps and neutrosophic supra pre-closed maps in terms of neutrosophic supra pre-open sets and neutrosophic supra pre-closed sets, respectively, are introduced and several prop- erties of them are investigated.
Category: General Mathematics

[3] viXra:1805.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 02:06:57

Single Valued Neutrosophic Finite State Machine and Switchboard State Machine

Authors: Tahir Mahmood, Qaisar Khan, Kifayat Ullah, Naeem Jan
Comments: 19 Pages.

Using single valued neutrosophic set we introduced the notion of single valued neutrosophic finite state machine, single valued neutrosophic successor, single valued neutrosophic subsystem and single valued submachine, single valued neutrosophic switchboard state machine, homomorphism and strong homomorphism between single valued neutrosophic switchboard state machine and discussed some related results and properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[2] viXra:1805.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 02:08:21

Some Weighted Arithmetic Operators and Geometric Operators with SVNSs and Their Application to Multi-Criteria Decision Making Problems

Authors: Mehmet Şahin, Vakkas Uluçay, Hatice Acıoglu
Comments: 20 Pages.

As a variation of fuzzy sets and intuitionistic fuzzy sets, neutrosophic sets have been developed to represent uncertain, imprecise, incomplete and inconsistent information that exists in the real world. In this paper,this article introduces an approach to handle multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) problems under the SVNSs.
Category: General Mathematics

[1] viXra:1805.0001 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-02 09:52:08

The Golden Section in Physics (in English)

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 4 Pages.

The physical constants play important role in physics. It is fact that the accuracy of the physical constants grows year by year. Special attention is paying to the dimensionless constants; the most familiars among them are the fine structure constant, the electron/proton and electron/muon mass-ratios, the ratio of the gravitational/electromagnetic interaction, the Weinberg angle in the electro-weak interaction theory, etc. The one of the most important questions is for a long time: are there any physical and/or mathematical relations between the fundamental physical constants. The paper gives a recently explored simple math relation between them. The precise theoretical explanation of this amazing finding need more detailed investigations related to the physical background. Keywords: exponential relations between physical constants, Titius-Bode rule, new atomic mass formula.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics